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ABD AR-RAHMAN II (Arabic : عبد الرحمن الثاني‎‎) (792–852) was the fourth Umayyad Emir of Córdoba
Emir of Córdoba
in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia ) from 822 until his death.

BIOGRAPHY

Abd ar-Rahman II
Abd ar-Rahman II
was born in Toledo , the son of Emir Al-Hakam I
Al-Hakam I
. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam.

He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba
Emir of Córdoba
in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias
Alfonso II of Asturias
, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo . He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom.

In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings
Vikings
who had disembarked in Cádiz
Cádiz
, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.

He responded to William of Septimania 's requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald 's nominations.

Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. He made additions to the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba . A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well known as a patron of the arts. He was also involved in the execution of the " Martyrs of Córdoba ".

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "'Abd ar-Rahman II". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8 . * ^ Thorne, John (1984). Chambers biographical dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers. ISBN 0-550-18022-2 . * ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). " Abd-ar-Rahman s.v. Abd-ar-Rahman II". Encyclopædia Britannica . 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 31.

Abd ar-Rahman II
Abd ar-Rahman II
BANU UMAYYAH Cadet branch of the BANU QURAISH DIED: 852

Preceded by al-Hakam I EMIR OF CóRDOBA 822–852 Succeeded by Muhammad I

* v * t * e

Umayyad Caliphs

* Family tree * Media

Caliphs of Damascus
Damascus
(661–750)

* Muawiyah I
Muawiyah I
* Yazid I * Muawiya II * Marwan I
Marwan I
* Abd al-Malik * Al-Walid I * Sulayman * Umar II * Yazid II
Yazid II
* Hisham * Al-Walid II * Yazid III * Ibrahim * Marwan II

Emirs of Córdoba (756–929)

* Abd al-Rahman I * Hisham I * Al-Hakam I
Al-Hakam I
* Abd ar-Rahman II * Muhammad I * Al-Mundhir * Abdullah * Abd-ar-Rahman III

Caliphs of Córdoba (929–1031)

* Abd-ar-Rahman III * Al-Hakam II
Al-Hakam II
* Hisham II
Hisham II
* Muhammad II * Sulayman * Hisham II
Hisham II
* Sulayman * Abd ar-Rahman IV
Abd ar-Rahman IV
* Ali ibn Hammud al-Nasir * Al-Qasim al-Ma\'mun ibn Hammud * Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu\'tali * Al-Qasim al-Ma\'mun ibn Hammud * Abd ar-Rahman V * Muhammad III * Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu\'tali * Hisham III

indicates Hammudid usurpers

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 23070940 * LCCN : n2003058352 * ISNI : 0000 0000 3777 5425 * GND : 12431094X * SUDOC : 088615065 * BNF : cb144890278 (data)

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