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Abd ar-Rahman II
Abd ar-Rahman II
(Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثاني‎) (792–852) was the fourth Umayyad
Umayyad
Emir of Córdoba
Emir of Córdoba
in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) from 822 until his death.[1] Biography[edit]

Statue of Abd ar-Rahman II
Abd ar-Rahman II
in Murcia, Spain

Abd ar-Rahman II
Abd ar-Rahman II
was born in Toledo, the son of Emir
Emir
Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam. He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba
Emir of Córdoba
in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians
Christians
and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians
Christians
were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom. In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings
Vikings
who had disembarked in Cádiz, conquered Seville
Seville
(with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville
Seville
to repel future raids. He responded to William of Septimania's requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald's nominations. Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. He made additions to the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba.[1] A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well known as a patron of the arts.[2] He was also involved in the execution of the "Martyrs of Córdoba".[3] References[edit]

^ a b "'Abd ar-Rahman II". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.  ^ Thorne, John (1984). Chambers biographical dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers. ISBN 0-550-18022-2.  ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). " Abd-ar-Rahman s.v. Abd-ar-Rahman II". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 31. 

Abd ar-Rahman II Banu Umayyah Cadet branch of the Banu Quraish  Died: 852

Preceded by al-Hakam I Emir
Emir
of Córdoba 822–852 Succeeded by Muhammad I

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Umayyad
Umayyad
Caliphs

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Caliphs of Damascus (661–750)

Muawiyah I Yazid I Muawiya II Marwan I Abd al-Malik Al-Walid I Sulayman Umar II Yazid II Hisham Al-Walid II Yazid III Ibrahim Marwan II

Emirs of Córdoba (756–929)

Abd al-Rahman I Hisham I Al-Hakam I Abd ar-Rahman II Muhammad I Al-Mundhir Abdullah Abd-ar-Rahman III

Caliphs of Córdoba (929–1031)

Abd-ar-Rahman III Al-Hakam II Hisham II Muhammad II Sulayman Hisham II Sulayman Abd ar-Rahman IV Ali ibn Hammud al-Nasir[H] Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
ibn Hammud[H] Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu'tali[H] Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
ibn Hammud[H] Abd ar-Rahman V Muhammad III Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu'tali[H] Hisham III

[H] indicates Hammudid usurpers

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 23070940 LCCN: n2003058352 ISNI: 0000 0000 3777 5425 GND: 12431094X SUDOC: 088615065 BNF:

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