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Aaron Vail (1796–1878) was an American diplomat who served as chargé d'affaires in England and Spain
Spain
in the 1830s and 1840s. Biography[edit] He was born in Lorient, France, where his father, Aaron Vail (1758–1813), a prominent businessman and merchant from New York was serving as U.S. consul and commercial agent. Vail's French mother brought the Vail family to the United States
United States
after the senior Aaron Vail's death, and they resided in Washington, D.C. The younger Aaron Vail was educated in Washington and became a clerk in the Department of State. In 1831 Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
selected Vail to be the secretary of the U.S. legation in London; when Van Buren's appointment as Minister was rejected by the United States
United States
Senate, Vail acted as chargé d'affaires, from April 4, 1832, until 1836.[1] Vail served as a Special
Special
Diplomatic Agent to Canada
Canada
in 1838.[2] From May 20, 1840, to August 1, 1842, Vail served as chargé d'affaires in Spain, remaining in the post until the arrival of Washington Irving
Washington Irving
to serve as Minister.[3] After returning to the United States, Vail served for several years as the State Department's chief clerk, its top non-political appointment. He later lived in New York City; while in retirement, he declined diplomatic posts offered by Franklin Pierce
Franklin Pierce
and James Buchanan. He later moved to Paris, and died in Pau in 1878. Family[edit] Vail's brothers included: Eugene, a State Department employee; Edward, an officer in the United States
United States
Navy; and Jefferson, an officer in the United States
United States
Army. In 1835, Vail married Emilie Salles of New York City; they were the parents of a son, Aaron Vail II, and a daughter, Emilie, who was the wife of Henry C. Bradshaw.[4] Notes[edit]

^ "American Ambassadors to the United Kingdom". Embassy of the United States - London, UK. Archived from the original on June 10, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  ^ "Aaron Vail". Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  ^ "Chiefs of Mission by Country, 1778–2005 > Saint Kitts and Nevis-Syria". US Department of State. Archived from the original on 30 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  ^ Annual Report. New York State Library. 1941. p. 48. 

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by John H. Eaton Chargé d'Affaires to Spain 1840–1842 Succeeded by Washington Irving

Preceded by Martin Van Buren Chargé d'Affaires to Spain 1832–1836 Succeeded by Andrew Stevenson

v t e

Ambassadors of the United States
United States
of America to the Court of St. James's

Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1785–1811

John Adams
John Adams
(1785–1788) Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Pinckney
(1792–1796) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1796–1803) James Monroe
James Monroe
(1803–1807) William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(1808–1811) Jonathan Russell
Jonathan Russell
(chargé d'affaires) (1811–1812)

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1815–1893

John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
(1815–1817) Richard Rush
Richard Rush
(1818–1825) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1825–1826) Albert Gallatin
Albert Gallatin
(1826–1827) James Barbour
James Barbour
(1828–1829) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1829–1831) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1831–1832) Aaron Vail (chargé d'affaires) (1832–1836) Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
(1836–1841) Edward Everett
Edward Everett
(1841–1845) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1845–1846) George Bancroft
George Bancroft
(1846–1849) Abbott Lawrence
Abbott Lawrence
(1849–1852) Joseph R. Ingersoll (1852–1853) James Buchanan
James Buchanan
(1853–1856) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1856–1861) Charles Adams Sr. (1861–1868) Reverdy Johnson
Reverdy Johnson
(1868–1869) John Lothrop Motley
John Lothrop Motley
(1869–1870) Robert C. Schenck
Robert C. Schenck
(1871–1876) Edwards Pierrepont
Edwards Pierrepont
(1876–1877) John Welsh (1877–1879) James Russell Lowell
James Russell Lowell
(1880–1885) Edward J. Phelps (1885–1889) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
(1889–1893)

Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1893–present

Thomas F. Bayard
Thomas F. Bayard
Sr. (1893–1897) John Hay
John Hay
(1897–1898) Joseph Choate (1899–1905) Whitelaw Reid
Whitelaw Reid
(1905–1912) Walter Page (1913-1918) John W. Davis
John W. Davis
(1918–1921) George Harvey (1921–1923) Frank B. Kellogg
Frank B. Kellogg
(1924–1925) Alanson B. Houghton
Alanson B. Houghton
(1925–1929) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1929–1931) Andrew W. Mellon
Andrew W. Mellon
(1932–1933) Robert Bingham (1933–1937) Joseph P. Kennedy (1938–1940) John G. Winant (1941–1946) W. Averell Harriman
W. Averell Harriman
(1946) Lewis W. Douglas (1947–1950) Walter S. Gifford (1950–1953) Winthrop W. Aldrich
Winthrop W. Aldrich
(1953–1957) John Hay
John Hay
Whitney (1957–1961) David K. E. Bruce (1961–1969) Walter H. Annenberg (1969–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1975–1976) Anne Armstrong (1976–1977) Kingman Brewster Jr. (1977–1981) John J. Louis Jr. (1981–1983) Charles H. Price II
Charles H. Price II
(1983–1989) Henry E. Catto Jr. (1989–1991) Raymond G. H. Seitz (1991–1994) William J. Crowe
William J. Crowe
(1994–1997) Philip Lader
Philip Lader
(1997–2001) William Stamps Farish III
William Stamps Farish III
(2001–2004) Robert H. Tuttle
Robert H. Tuttle
(2005–2009) Louis Susman
Louis Susman
(2009–2013) Matthew Barzun
Matthew Barzun
(2013–2017) Woody Johnson
Woody Johnson
(2017– )

v t e

Ambassadors of the United States
United States
of America to Spain

Ministers Plenipotentiary to Spain 1779–1825

Jay (1779–82) Carmichael (chargé d'affaires) (1783–94) Short (1794–95) Humphreys (1797–01) Pinckney (1802–04) Erving (chargé d'affaires) (1805–10) Erving (1816–19) Forsyth (1819–23) Nelson (1823–25)

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain 1825–1913

Everett (1825–29) Van Ness (1829–36) Eaton (1836–40) Vail (chargé d'affaires) (1840–42) Irving (1842–46) Saunders (1846–49) Barringer (1849–53) Soulé (1853–55) Dodge (1855–59) Preston (1859–61) Schurz (1861) Koerner (1862–64) Hale (1865–69) Sickles (1869–74) Cushing (1874–77) Lowell (1877–80) Fairchild (1880–81) Hamlin (1881–82) Foster (1883–85) Curry (1885–88) Belmont (1889) Palmer (1889–90) Grubb (1890–92) Snowden (1892–93) Taylor (1893–97) Woodford (1897–98) Storer (1899–02) Hardy (1903–05) Collier (1905–09) Ide (1909–13)

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Spain 1913–present

Willard (1913–21) Woods (1921–23) Moore (1923–25) Hammond (1926–29) Laughlin (1929–33) Bowers (1933–39) Matthews (chargé d'affaires) (1839) Weddell (1939–42) Hayes (1942–45) Armour (1945) Bonsal (chargé d'affaires) (1946–47) Culbertson (chargé d'affaires) (1947–50) Griffis (1951–52) MacVeagh (1952–53) Dunn (1953–55) Lodge (1955–61) Biddle (1961) Woodward (1962–65) Duke (1965–68) Wagner (1968–69) Hill (1969–72) Rivero (1972–74) Penn (1975–78) Todman (1978–83) Enders (1983–86) Bartholomew (1986–89) Zappala (1989–92) Capen (1992–93) Gardner (1993–97) Romero (1997–01) Argyros (2001–2004) Aguirre (2005–09) Solomont (2010–13) Costos (2013–2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 26371477 LCCN: n98000819 SN

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