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A History of the English-Speaking Peoples is a four-volume history of Britain and its former colonies and possessions throughout the world, written by Winston Churchill, covering the period from Caesar's invasions of Britain (55 BC) to the beginning of the First World War (1914).[1] It was started in 1937 and finally published 1956–58, delayed several times by war and his work on other texts. The volumes have been abridged into a single-volume, concise edition.

Contents

1 Writing and publishing

1.1 Related works

2 See also 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External links

Writing and publishing[edit] Churchill, who excelled in history as a child and whose mother was American, had a firm belief in a so-called "special relationship" between the people of Britain with the Commonwealth of Nations united under the Crown (New Zealand, Canada, Australia, South Africa, etc.) and with the people of the United States who had broken with the Crown and gone their own way. His book thus dealt with the resulting two divisions of the "English-speaking peoples". At the suggestion of publisher Newman Flower,[2] Churchill began the history during the 1930s, during the period that his official biographer Martin Gilbert termed the "wilderness years" when he was not in government. Work was interrupted in 1939 when the Second World War broke out and then when Churchill was appointed Prime Minister. After the war ended in 1945, Churchill was busy, first writing his history of that conflict and then as Prime Minister again between 1951 and 1955, and so it was not until the late 1950s, when Churchill was in his early eighties, that he was able to finish the work. The later volumes were completed when Churchill was over eighty. A full one-third of the last volume was devoted to the military minutiae of the American Civil War. Social history, the agricultural revolution, and the industrial revolution hardly get a mention.[3] Political opponent Clement Attlee suggested the work should have been titled "Things in history that interested me."[4] Despite these criticisms, the books were bestsellers and reviewed favourably on both sides of the Atlantic. In the Daily Telegraph, J.H. Plumb wrote: "This history will endure; not only because Sir Winston has written it, but also because of its own inherent virtues — its narrative power, its fine judgment of war and politics, of soldiers and statesmen, and even more because it reflects a tradition of what Englishmen in the hey-day of their empire thought and felt about their country's past." [5][3] The four volumes are:

The Birth of Britain The New World The Age of Revolution The Great Democracies

Related works[edit] The BBC produced a series of twenty-six fifty-minute plays loosely based around Churchill's work and entitled Churchill's People which were broadcast in 1974 and 1975. However, the quality of the productions was judged to be poor and the series received low ratings. A sequel to Churchill's work, A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Since 1900, by Andrew Roberts, was published in 2006.[6] See also[edit]

Anglosphere History of England Transatlantic relations Winston Churchill as historian Winston Churchill as writer

References[edit]

^ Barrett, Buckley Barry (2000). Churchill: A Concise Bibliography. Westport CT: Greenwood. p. 32. ISBN 0-313-31450-0.  ^ The Times obituary of Newman Flower, 13 March 1964, p. 19. ^ a b Messenger, Robert (October 2006). "Last of the Whigs: Churchill as Historian". New Criterion. 25 (2): 16–24.  ^ Smith, David (2005-02-27). "Churchill sequel provides epic task for author". The Guardian. London.  ^ Roberts, Andrew (May 2002). "A history of the English-speaking peoples (review)". History Today. London. 52 (5): 53–56.  ^ Roberts, Andrew (2006). A history of the English-speaking peoples since 1900. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-85076-8. 

Further reading[edit]

Peter Clarke. Mr. Churchill's Profession: The Statesman as Author and the Book that Defined the "Special Relationship" (Bloomsbury Press; 2012) 347 pages; a history of how the book was written & its reception

External links[edit]

Bibliowiki has original media or text related to this article: A History of the English-Speaking Peoples (in the public domain in Canada)

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Winston Churchill

Life

Winston Churchill as historian Winston Churchill as painter Winston Churchill as writer Winston Churchill in politics, 1900–1939

Timeline War Rooms conferences Percentages agreement Quebec Agreement

Statement on Atrocities

European Advisory Commission

Honours of Winston Churchill Later life of Winston Churchill

funeral gravesite

The Other Club Blenheim Palace Chartwell

Writings

The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) Savrola (1899 novel) The River War (1899) London to Ladysmith via Pretoria (1900) Ian Hamilton's March (1900) Lord Randolph Churchill (1906) The World Crisis (1923–1931, five volumes) My Early Life (1930) Marlborough: His Life and Times (1933–1938, four volumes) Great Contemporaries (1937) Arms and the Covenant (1938) The Second World War (1948–1963, six volumes) A History of the English-Speaking Peoples (1956–1958, four volumes)

Speeches

"Blood, toil, tears, and sweat" "Be ye men of valour" "We shall fight on the beaches" "This was their finest hour" "Never was so much owed by so many to so few" "Iron Curtain"

Legacy and depictions

Palace of Westminster statue Parliament Square statue Washington, DC, statue Epstein bust Memorial Trusts Churchill College, Cambridge Churchill Archives Centre The Churchill Centre US Churchill Museum Cultural depictions Churchillian Drift

Related

Norway Debate Terminological inexactitude Siege of Sidney Street Tonypandy riots May 1940 War Cabinet Crisis Sword of Stalingrad Operation Unthinkable

Family

Lord Randolph Churchill (father) Jennie Jerome, Lady Randolph Churchill (mother) Jack Churchill (brother) Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill (wife) Diana Churchill (daughter) Randolph Churchill (son) Sarah Churchill (daughter) Marigold Churchill (daughter) Mary Soames, Baroness Soames (daughter) Descendants John Spencer-Churchill (grandfather) Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill (grandmother) Leonard Jerome (grandfather) Cla

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