"THE BRAVE LITTLE TAILOR" or "THE VALIANT LITTLE TAILOR" or "THE
GALLANT TAILOR" (German : Das tapfere Schneiderlein) is a German fairy
tale collected by the
In the Aarne–Thompson–Uther system of classifying folktales , it is type 1640, with elements of several other story types.
* 1 Synopsis * 2 Characterization * 3 Motifs and themes * 4 Relation to other stories * 5 Adaptations * 6 References * 7 External links
A tailor is preparing to eat some jam , but when flies settle on it, he kills seven of them with one blow of his hand. He makes a belt describing the deed, reading "Seven at One Blow". Inspired, he sets out into the world to seek his fortune. The tailor meets a giant who assumes that "Seven at One Blow" refers to seven men. The giant challenges the tailor. When the giant squeezes water from a boulder, the tailor squeezes milk, or whey, from cheese. The giant throws a rock far into the air, and it eventually lands. The tailor counters the feat by tossing a bird that flies away into the sky; the giant believes the small bird is a "rock" which is thrown so far that it never lands. Later, the giant asks the tailor to help him carry a tree. The tailor directs the giant to carry the trunk, while the tailor will carry the branches. Instead, the tailor climbs on, so the giant carries him as well, but it appears as if the tailor is supporting the branches.
Impressed, the giant brings the tailor to the giant's home, where other giants live as well. During the night, the giant attempts to kill the tailor by bashing the bed. However, the tailor, having found the bed too large, had slept in the corner. Upon returning and seeing the tailor alive, the other giants flee in fear of the small man.
The tailor enters the royal service, but the other soldiers are afraid that he will lose his temper someday, and then seven of them might die with every blow. They tell the king that either the tailor leaves military service or they will. Afraid of being killed for sending him away, the king instead attempts to get rid of the tailor by sending him to defeat two giants along with a hundred horsemen, offering him half his kingdom and his daughter's hand in marriage if the tailor can kill the giants. By throwing rocks at the two giants while they sleep, the tailor provokes the pair into fighting each other until they kill each other, at which time the tailor stabbed the heart of the giants.
The king, surprised the tailor has succeeded, balks on his promise, and requires more of the tailor before he may claim his rewards. The king next sends him after a unicorn , another seemingly impossible task, but the tailor traps it by standing before a tree, so that when the unicorn charges, he steps aside and it drives its horn into the trunk. The king subsequently sends him after a wild boar , but the tailor traps it in a chapel with a similar luring technique.
Duly impressed, the king relents, marries the tailor to the princess, and makes the tailor the ruler of half the original kingdom. The tailor's new wife hears him talking in his sleep and realizes with fury that he was merely a tailor and not a noble hero. Upon the princess's demands, the king promises to have him killed or carried off. A squire warns the tailor, who pretends to be asleep, and then calls out that he has done all these deeds and is not afraid of the men behind the door. Terrified, they leave and the king does not try to assassinate the tailor again. The tailor lives out his days as a king in his own right.
MOTIFS AND THEMES
Aarne–Thompson–Uther system of folktale classification ,
the core of the story is motif type 1640, named The Brave
The story features several more general themes common to numerous folktales and more formal literature:
* Class, or "birth" – the tailor overcomes the social class system and exceeds his birthright as a tailor, going from peasant to king. * Clever upstart – using nothing but his ingenuity, the tailor uses the killing of seven flies in one blow to gradually increase his social standing. * Danger – despite the great risk of bodily harm, the tailor continues on his quest to spread word of his conquest and claim his fortune. He proves himself fearless. * Outwitting of opponents – the tailor repeatedly outwits the people, giants, and animals he comes into contact with. Using only his brains and a little skill, he manages to overcome many obstacles.
RELATION TO OTHER STORIES
"The Brave Little Tailor" has close similarities to other folktales
collected around Europe, including "The Boy Who Had an Eating Match
The technique of tricking the later giants into fighting each other
is identical to the technique used by
* ^ Jacob and Wilheim Grimm, Household Tales,"The Brave Little Tailor" * ^ Joseph Jacobs, European Folk and Fairy Tales, "A Dozen at One Blow" * ^ Andrew Lang, The Blue Fairy Book, "The Brave Little Tailor" * ^ A B Heidi Anne Heiner, "Tales Similar to the Brave Little Tailor" * ^ A B D. L. Ashliman, "The Grimm Brothers\' Children\'s and Household Tales" * ^ Kinnes, Tormod (2009). "The ATU System". AT Types of Folktales. Retrieved June 14, 2010. * ^ Richard M. Dorson, "Foreword", p xxii, Georgias A. Megas, Folktales of Greece, University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 1970 * ^ "সাতমার পালোয়ান : উপেন্দ্রকিশোর রায়চৌধুরী (ছোটোগল্প), SATMAR PALOAN (Page 1) — STORY (ছোটগল্প) — Banglalibrary". omegalibrary.com. Retrieved 2016-12-26.