Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated (ARINC), established in 1929, is a
major provider of transport communications and systems engineering
solutions for eight industries: aviation, airports, defense,
government, healthcare, networks, security, and transportation. ARINC
has installed computer data networks in police cars and railroad cars
and also maintains the standards for line-replaceable units.[citation
ARINC was formerly headquartered in Annapolis, Maryland, and has two
regional headquarters in London, established in 1999 to serve the
Europe, Middle East, and Africa region, and Singapore, established in
2003 for the Asia Pacific region.
ARINC has more than 3,200 employees
at over 120 locations worldwide.
Previously owned by the Carlyle Group, in August 2013, it was
announced that the company would be sold to Rockwell Collins. The sale
was completed on December 23, 2013.
2 Activities and services
2.1 Standardization and
ARINC Industry Activities
3.1 400 Series
3.2 500 Series
3.3 600 Series
3.4 700 Series
3.5 800 Series
4 See also
6 External links
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ARINC was incorporated in 1929 as Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated. It
was chartered by the
Federal Radio Commission (which later became the
Federal Communications Commission) in order to serve as the airline
industry’s single licensee and coordinator of radio communication
outside of the government. The corporation's stock was held by four
major airlines of the day. Through most of its history,
owned by airlines and other aviation-related companies such as Boeing
until the sale to The
Carlyle Group in October 2007.
Not much later
ARINC took on the responsibility for all ground-based,
aeronautical radio stations and for ensuring station compliance with
Federal Radio Commission (FRC) rules and regulations. Using this as a
ARINC expanded its contributions to transport
communications as well as continuing to support the commercial
aviation industry and U.S. military.
ARINC also developed the standards for the trays and boxes used to
hold standard line-replaceable units (like radios) in aircraft. These
permit electronics to be rapidly replaced without complex fasteners or
ARINC introduced ACARS (
Aircraft Communications Addressing and
Reporting System), a datalink system that enables ground stations
(airports, aircraft maintenance bases, etc.) to upload data (such as
flight plans) and download data (such as fuel quantity, weight on
wheels, flight management system (FMS) data), via an onboard
Communications Management Unit (CMU).
ARINC has expanded its business in aerospace and defense through its
ARINC Engineering Services subsidiary. With the sale of the company to
Rockwell Collins, the
ARINC Engineering Services subsidiary split into
Commercial Aerospace and Defense Services. The Defense Services branch
was then purchased by Booz Allen Hamilton, remaining part of the
Carlyle group. 
Activities and services
Though known for publishing "
ARINC Standards", this role is
ARINC commercial activities.
ARINC Industry Activities
ARINC Industry Activities involve three aviation committees:
AEEC (Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee): Develop the ARINC
AMC (Avionics Maintenance Conference): Organize the annual Avionics
FSEMC (Flight Simulator Engineering & Maintenance Conference):
Organize the annual FSEMC conference.
ARINC services include:
ACARS -a digital datalink system for transmission of short, relatively
simple messages between aircraft and ground stations via radio or
AviNet Global Data Network - formerly known as the
ARINC Data Network
Air/Ground Domestic Voice Service
Air/Ground International Voice Service
Airport Remote Radio Access System (ARRAS)
vMUSE- Multi-User Systems Environment for shared passenger check-in at
Complies with the Common-Use Terminal Equipment (CUTE) and Common Use
Passenger Processing System (CUPPS) standards
SelfServ- common use self-service passenger check-in kiosks for
OnVoy- internet based passenger check-in system for use at off-airport
locations such as hotels, cruise ships and convention centers
AirVue- Flight Information Display System (FIDS) for airports
Also called Electronic Visual Information Display System (EVIDS)
AirDB- Airport Operational Database Base (AODB)
ARINC - Resource Management System (RMS)
VeriPax - Passenger Reconciliation System (PRS) validates passengers
at security checkpoints
Centralized Flight Management Computer Waypoint Reporting System
Satellite Navigation and Air Traffic Control and Landing Systems
(SATNAV and ATCALS)
ARINC Wireless Interoperable Network Solutions (AWINS) - connects all
types of radio and telephone systems including standard UHF and VHF
analog radios, mobile digital, voice over IP systems, ship-to-shore,
air-ground, standard phones, and push-to-talk cellular.
ABMS Border Management Systems – delivering a full stay management
capability, screening all travellers before travel, and managing
visitors throughout their stay.
In Flight Broadband – offering in-flight connectivity to passengers
and crew inconjunction with SwiftBroadband.
AviSec – passenger data transfer and Advanced Passenger Information
ARINC Standards are prepared by the Airlines Electronic
Engineering Committee (AEEC) where
Rockwell Collins and other aviation
suppliers serve as a contributor in support of their airline customer
base. An abbreviated list follows.
The 400 Series describes guidelines for installation, wiring, data
buses, and databases.
ARINC 404 defines Air Transport Rack (ATR) form factors for avionics
equipment installed in many types of aircraft. It defines air
transport equipment cases and racking.
ARINC 424 is an international standard file format for aircraft
ARINC 429 is the most widely used data bus standard for aviation.
Electrical and data format characteristics are defined for a two-wire
serial bus with one transmitter and up to 20 receivers. The bus is
capable of operating at a speed of 100 kbit/s.
The 500 Series describes older analog avionics equipment used on early
jet aircraft such as the
Boeing 727, Douglas DC-9, DC-10,
and 747, and Airbus A300.
The 600 Series are reference standards for avionics equipment
specified by the
ARINC 700 Series
ARINC 600 is the predominant avionics packaging standard introducing
the avionics Modular Concept Unit (MCU)
ARINC 604 is a standard and guidance for the purpose of designing and
implementing Built-In Test Equipment. The standard also describes the
Centralized Fault Display System.
ARINC 610B provides guidance for use of avionics equipment and
software in simulators.
ARINC 615 is a family of standards covering "data loading", commonly
used for transferring software and data to or from avionics devices.
ARINC 615 standard covers "data loading" over
ARINC 615A is a standard that covers a "data loading" protocol which
can be used over various bus types such as Ethernet, CAN, and ARINC
ARINC 618 is a standard that covers a data transmission protocol
called "Character Oriented Protocol".
ARINC 619 is a standard that covers a data transmission protocol over
ARINC 429 called "Bit Oriented Protocol".
ARINC 620 is a standard that covers a data transmission protocol
Datalink Ground System".
ARINC 624 is a standard for aircraft onboard maintenance system (OMS).
ARINC 429 for data transmission between embedded equipments.
ARINC 625 is an Industry Guide For Component Test Development and
Management. It provides a standard approach for quality management of
Test Procedure Generation within the commercial air transport
ARINC 629 is a multi-transmitter data bus protocol where up to 120
terminals can share the same bus. It is installed on the
ARINC 633 is the air-ground protocol for ACARS and IP networks used
for AOC data exchanges between aircraft and the ground.
ARINC 635 defines the protocols for the HFDL network of radios used
for communication and messaging between aircraft and HF Ground
ARINC 653 is a standard Real Time Operating System (RTOS) interface
for partitioning of computer resources in the time and space domains.
The standard also specifies Application Program Interfaces (APIs) for
abstraction of the application from the underlying hardware and
ARINC 660 defines avionics functional allocation and recommended
architectures for CNS/ATM avionics.
ARINC 661 defines the data structures used in an interactive cockpit
display system (CDS), and the communication between the CDS and User
GUI definition is completely defined in binary
definition files. The CDS software consists of a kernel capable of
creating a hierarchical
GUI specified in the definition files. The
concepts used by
ARINC 661 are similar to those used in user interface
ARINC 664 defines the use of a deterministic
Ethernet network as an
avionic databus in modern aircraft like the Airbus A380, Sukhoi
Superjet 100, the Bombardier C_Series, and the
Boeing 787 Dreamliner.
ARINC 665 This standard defines standards for loadable software parts
and software transport media.
ARINC 667 is a Guidance for the Management of Field Loadable Software
The 700 Series describes the form, fit, and function of avionics
equipment installed predominately on transport category aircraft.
ARINC 702A defines the Flight Management Systems (FMS)
ARINC 704 defines the Inertial Reference System (IRS).
ARINC 708 is the standard for airborne weather radar. It defines the
airborne weather radar characteristics for civil and military
ARINC 709 defines Distance Measuring Equipment (DME)
ARINC 717 defines the acquisition of flight data for recording
ARINC 718 describes an Air Traffic Control Transponder (ATCRBS/MODE S)
ARINC 724B defines the
Aircraft Communications Addressing and
Reporting System (ACARS)
ARINC 735B defines the Traffic Computer with Traffic Alert and
Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)
ARINC 738 defines an integrated Air Data Inertial Reference Unit
ARINC 739 is the standard for a Multi-Purpose Control and Display Unit
(MCDU) and interfaces.
ARINC 740 defines airborne printers
ARINC 741 is the standard for a first-generation
L-band satellite data
ARINC 743A defines a GNSS receiver
ARINC 744A defines a full-format airborne printer
ARINC 746 is the standard for a cabin telecommunications unit, based
Q.931 and CEPT-E1.
ARINC 747 defines a Flight Data Recorder (FDR)
ARINC 750 defines a VHF Digital Radio
ARINC 755 defines a Multi-Mode Receiver (MMR) for approach and landing
ARINC 756 defines a GNSS Navigation and Landing Unit
ARINC 759 defines an
Aircraft Interface Device (AID)
ARINC 760 defines a GNSS Navigator
ARINC 757 defines a Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR)
ARINC 761 is the standard for a second-generation
data unit, also called Swift64 by operator Inmarsat.
ARINC 763 is the standard for a generic avionics file server and
wireless access points.
ARINC 767 defines a combined recorder unit capable of data and voice.
ARINC 771 is under development (2016) now for a low earth orbit (LEO)
Iridium NEXT by operator Iridium
ARINC 781 is the standard for a third-generation
L-band satellite data
unit, also called
SwiftBroadband (SBB) by operator Inmarsat.
ARINC 791 defines Ku and Ka band satellite data airborne terminal
The 800 Series comprises a set of aviation standards for aircraft,
including fiber optics used in high-speed data buses.
ARINC 801 through 807 define the application of fiber optics on the
ARINC 810 is a standard for the integration of aircraft galley inserts
and associated interfaces Title: Definition of Standard Interfaces for
Galley Insert (GAIN) Equipment, Physical Interfaces.
ARINC 811 provides a common understanding of information security
concepts as they relate to airborne networks, and provides a framework
for evaluating the security of airborne networked systems.
ARINC 812 is a standard for the integration of aircraft galley inserts
and associated interfaces
ARINC 816 defines a database for airport moving maps
ARINC 817 defines a low-speed digital video interface
ARINC 818 defines a high-speed digital video interface standard
developed for high bandwidth, low latency, uncompressed digital video
ARINC 821 is a top-level networking definition describing aircraft
domains, file servers and other infrastructure.
ARINC 822 is the standard for Gatelink.
ARINC 823 is a standard for end-to-end datalink encryption.
ARINC 825 is a standard for Controller Area Network bus protocol for
ARINC 826 is a protocol for avionic data loading over a Controller
Area Network bus.
ARINC 827 specifies a crate format for electronic distribution of
software parts for aircraft.
ARINC 828 defines aircraft wiring provisions and electrical interface
standards for electronic flight bag (EFB)
ARINC 834 defines an aircraft data interface that sources data to
Electronic Flight Bags, airborne file servers, etc.
ARINC 838 provides a standardized XML description for loadable
ARINC 839 is a function definition of airborne manager of air-ground
interface communications (MAGIC)
ARINC 840 defines the Application Control Interface (ACI) used with an
Electronic Flight Bag (EFB)
ARINC 841 defines Media Independent
ARINC 842 provides guidance for usage of digital certificates on
airplane avionics and cabin equipment.
Annex: Acronyms and abbreviations in avionics
Airline teletype system
Aviation committees". ARINC. Archived from the original on 31 July
2010. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
^ "AEEC, AMC, & FSEMC:
Aviation Industry Activities Organized by
ARINC" (PDF). ARINC. September 2008. Archived from the original (PDF)
on 2011-05-15. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
^ "Air Transport Equipment Cases and Racking -
^ "FAA Standards, Category: Aeronautical". Archived from the original
ARINC Store, 700 series".
ARINC Standards store, 800 series".
The Carlyle Group
William E. Conway, Jr.
Daniel A. D'Aniello
Diversified Machine, Inc.
United Road Towing
American Achievement Corporation
McDonald's China & HK (20%)
Bottle Rock Power
CDM Resource Management
China Recycling Energy Group
Coastal Carolina Clean Power
Cobalt International Energy
Green Earth Fuels
Legend Natural Gas II
Legend Natural Gas III
Niska Gas Storage
Permian Tank & Manufacturing
Phoenix Exploration Company
Quorum Business Solutions
Red Technology Alliance
Stallion Oilfield Services
Topaz Power Group
Repco Home Finance
Ta Chong Bank
Concord Medical Service
HCR Manor Care
AZ Electronic Materials
China Forestry Holdings
International Aluminum Corporation
John Maneely Company
Rising Sun Bio
Connecticut Service Plazas
ITS Technologies & Logistics
Illinois Central School Bus
AZ Electronic Materials
Booz Allen Hamilton
Personal & Informatik
Quorum Business Solutions
Eastern Broadcasting Company
Hyundai Communications & Network
Arthur A. Collins
Clayton M. Jones
Air Routing International
Collins 207B-1 Transmitter
Admiral Radio and TV
Allen-Bradley Clock Tower
Evans & Sutherland
North American Aviation