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The African National Congress
African National Congress
Youth League (ANCYL) is the youth wing of the African National Congress. As set out in its constitution the ANC Youth League is led by a National Executive Committee (NEC) and a National Working Committee (NWC).

Contents

1 Foundation 2 Leaders 3 Controversy

3.1 Support for Jacob Zuma 3.2 Julius Malema
Julius Malema
and "Kill the Boer" 3.3 Hacking of official website

4 References 5 External links 6 Notes

Foundation[edit] Its foundation in 1944 by Ashley Peter Mda, Walter Sisulu
Walter Sisulu
and Oliver Tambo marked the rise of a new generation of leaders. The first President of the league was Anton Lembede
Anton Lembede
who shaped its militancy. Mandela wrote that Lembede had a "magnetic personality who thought in original and often startling ways" and "Like Lembede I came to see the antidote as militant African nationalism.[1] Lembede died in 1947. By the end of the 1940s, the Youth League had gained control of the African National Congress. It called for civil disobedience and strikes in protest at the hundreds of laws associated with the new apartheid system. These protests were often met with force by the South African Government. In 1950, 18 blacks were killed during a walkout, while protesters, including Mandela, were jailed and beaten for their opposition to the government. Thabo Mbeki
Thabo Mbeki
became active in the Youth League in 1956 and was expelled from high school in 1959 as a result of participation in a strike. In 1959 many ANCYL members broke away to form the rival Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). In 1960, the PAC, ANC and its associated organisations had been banned. Mbeki organised a stay-at-home in protest at the South African Government's decision to leave the Commonwealth of Nations before leaving South Africa at the suggestion of the ANC. The Youth League continued its activities underground during the remainder of the apartheid years. In 1990, F. W. de Klerk
F. W. de Klerk
legalised the ANC and its associated organisations including the Youth League, and Peter Mokaba led the newly unbanned Youth League. In 2005, Fikile Mbalula became president of the league. Mbalula succeeded the student activist Malusi Gigaba, who went on to become deputy minister of home affairs. Mbalula had served as secretary general of the ANCYL under Gigaba's leadership. It was under Mbalula's leadership that the ANCYL took on a more visible role in defending Jacob Zuma, and publicly lobbying for his election as ANC president. The election of Julius Malema
Julius Malema
in April 2008 was initially disputed after a bitterly contested election with Saki Mofokeng.[2] In November 2011, Julius Malema
Julius Malema
was found guilty of provoking divisions within the ruling party and of bringing the organisation into disrepute, and was suspended for five years.[3] Subsequent appeal processes changed the suspension to expulsion. On 24 April 2012 the appeal process ended when the National Disciplinary Committee of Appeal confirmed Malema's expulsion with immediate effect.[4] The appeal committee also confirmed league spokesperson Floyd Shivambu's three-year suspension and suspended secretary general Sindiso Magaqa for one year, reducing the original disciplinary committee's three year suspension.[4] Leaders[edit] Past leaders of the ANCYL include:[5]

Anton Lembede: 1944 - 1947 A.P. Mda: 1947 - 1950 Nelson Mandela: 1950 - 1960 Jackie Selebi: 1987-1991 Peter Mokaba: 1991 - 1994 Lulu Johnson: 1994 - 1996 Malusi Gigaba: 1996 - 2004 Fikile Mbalula: 2004 - 2008 Julius Malema: 2008 - 2012 Collen Maine: 2015 - present

Controversy[edit] Support for Jacob Zuma[edit] The Youth League generated significant controversy in 2008 when its president publicly declared its willingness to use violence to prevent Jacob Zuma's being prosecuted for corruption charges, stating that the Youth League was "prepared to take up arms and kill for Zuma". In further remarks, Julius Malema
Julius Malema
has called for the elimination of so-called "counter-revolutionary" forces, which include the largest opposition party, the Democratic Alliance.[6] These statements have drawn significant public criticism, and the ANC has on occasion distanced itself from Malema's remarks. Further statements made against the DA's leader in 2009, stating that they were "disgusted by remarks attributed to Helen Zille." These statements[7] were in response to a statement by Zille that "Zuma is a self-confessed womaniser with deeply sexist views, who put all his wives at risk by having unprotected sex with an HIV-positive woman." The ANC Youth League has been widely criticized for these statements, and has thus far been unable to explain their meaning, including during appearances on Talk
Talk
Radio 702, a national radio station.[8][9] The spokesperson, Floyd Shivambu kept on saying that their meaning of sleeping around is: "sleeping around". He was unable to clarify whether sleeping around means having sex or not having sex. On 17 March 2013 the ANC National Executive disbanded the ANCYL's National Executive Committee, a move that was widely seen to be a purging of opponents of Jacob Zuma.[10][11] Julius Malema
Julius Malema
and "Kill the Boer"[edit] In 2010 Julius Malema
Julius Malema
sang a controversial apartheid struggle song "Shoot the Boer" (Boer being the Afrikaans word for "farmer"), which drew further criticism in light of the numerous killings of white farmers and black labourers across South Africa. The South African Equality Court ruled that the song motivated genocide and was thus declared hate speech and interdict for its singing in public and private meetings, was issued. The ANCYL stated that they are willing to contest the judgement in the Constitutional Court. In November 2011 ANC Youth League president Julius Malema
Julius Malema
was suspended from the ruling party for two years, this sanction was suspended for three years. The finding and penalty relate to Malema, ANCYL deputy president Ronald Lamola, treasurer general Pule Mabe, secretary general Sindiso Magaqa and deputy secretary general Kenetswe Mosenogi. The youth league leaders were charged for bringing the party into disrepute after saying earlier this year that the ANCYL would send a team to Botswana to consolidate local opposition parties and help bring about regime change there.[12] Following that finding, Julius Malema
Julius Malema
was found guilty of provoking divisions within the ruling party and of bringing the organisation into disrepute. As a result, ANC Youth League leader Julius Malema
Julius Malema
had to “vacate his position".[3] Hacking of official website[edit] On 30 March 2011, the ANC Youth League's website was hacked with a fake post under its news section, "Latest ANCYL News". The post's headline, " Julius Malema
Julius Malema
to Step Down as Youth League President" was posted as a statement by Julius Malema
Julius Malema
tendering his resignation because he had "made a fool of himself." Some reasons were listed for his resignation: “I have brought my party the ANC into disrepute (sic); I have disrespected my elders and have made a fool out of myself; I promote my own agenda over my country and parties; I promote the singing of racist songs to promote violence and unrest in the country.”[13][14] On 13 June 2011, the ANC Youth League's website was hacked again, this time with a fake post under its news section, " Julius Malema
Julius Malema
defects to Cope".[15] A subsequent hack on 24 July 2011, placed a banner at the top of the home page with the statement, "HA HA HA I have a 16 Million Rand house And all of you dont!!!!",[16] in reference to allegations in media that Julius Malema
Julius Malema
was building himself a R16 million house in the elite Johannesburg
Johannesburg
suburb of Sandton.[17] This was followed the next day, 25 July 2011, by another hack superimposing the faces of Julius Malema
Julius Malema
and Jacob Zuma, the President of the African National Congress
African National Congress
and South Africa, on the poster for the movie Dumb & Dumber.[18] References[edit]

^ Long Walk To Freedom, 1995 ^ ANC to decide on league's congress[dead link] ^ a b " Julius Malema
Julius Malema
suspended for 5 years". News24. 10 November 2011.  ^ a b "Out! ANC upholds Julius Malema's expulsion News National Mail & Guardian". Mg.co.za. 2012-04-24. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ http://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/african-national-congress-youth-league-ancyl-timeline-1944-2011 ^ "Malema won't withdraw 'kill for Zuma' statement News Mail & Guardian". Mg.co.za. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ "ANC Youth League blasts 'fake racist girl' Zille News National Mail & Guardian". Mg.co.za. 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ "Podcast of interview". Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ Sleeping around is sleeping around Archived 22 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Sam Mkokeli; Natasha Marrian (2013-03-17). "ANC top brass wield axe over Limpopo, youth league executives Politics". BDlive. Retrieved 2013-03-28.  ^ Matuma Letsoalo (2013-03-17). "ANC NEC disbands youth league executive News National Mail & Guardian". Mg.co.za. Retrieved 2013-03-28.  ^ "Malema and Co get 2 yr suspended sentences". Independent Online. 10 November 2011.  ^ "ANCYL website hacked". Retrieved 31 March 2011.  ^ "ANCYL site hacked". Retrieved 31 March 2011.  ^ "ANCYL website hacked". Retrieved 14 June 2011.  ^ "ANCYL website hacked again". Retrieved 24 July 2011.  ^ "Uproar over Malema's R16m playboy mansion". Retrieved 24 July 2011.  ^ "ANCYL website hacking details". Retrieved 25 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Official website

Notes[edit]

"Nelson Mandela." Contemporary Black Biography, Volume 14. Gale Research, 1997. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2005. retrieved 5 December 2005 "Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki." Contemporary Black Biography, Volume 14. Gale Research, 1997. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2005. Halisi, C.R.D. (1 November 1999). Black Political Thought in the Making of South African Democracy. Indiana University Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-253-33589-2. 

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African National Congress

History

Leaders

Secretary-General

1912–1915 S. T. Plaatje 1915–1917 R. V. S. Thema 1917–1919 S. Msane 1919–1923 H.L. Bud-M'belle 1923–1927 T. D. Mweli-Skota 1927–1930 E. J. Khaile 1930–1936 E. Mdolomba 1936–1949 James Calata 1949–1955 W. M. U. Sisulu 1955–1958 O. R. Tambo 1958–1969 P. P. D. Nokwe 1969–1991 A. B. Nzo 1991–1997 M. C. Ramaphosa 1997–2007 K. Motlanthe 2007–2017 G. Mantashe 2017–present E. S. Magashule

President

1912–1917 J. L. Dube 1917–1924 S. M. Makgatho 1924–1927 Z. R. Mahabane 1927–1930 J. T. Gumede 1930–1936 P. ka Isaka Seme 1937–1940 Z. R. Mahabane 1940–1949 A. B. Xuma 1949–1952 J. S. Moroka 1952–1967 A. J. Lutuli 1967–1991 O. R. Tambo 1991–1997 N. R. Mandela 1997–2007 T. M. Mbeki 2007–2017 J. G. Zuma 2017–present M. C. Ramaphosa

Deputy President

1952–1958 N. R. Mandela 1958–1985 O. R. Tambo 1985–1991 N. R. Mandela 1991–1994 W. M. U. Sisulu 1994–1997 T. M. Mbeki 1997–2007 J. G. Zuma 2007–2012 K. Motlanthe 2012-2017 M. C. Ramaphosa 2017-present D. D. Mabuza

National Conferences

38th (1949) 39th (1950) 40th (1951) 41st (1952) 42nd (1953) 43rd (1954) 44th (1955) 45th (1957) 46th (1958) 47th (1959) 48th (1991) 49th (1994) 50th (1997) 51st (2002) 52nd (2007) 53rd (2012) 54th (2017)

Structure and wings

ANC Today ANC Women's League ANC Youth League National Executive Committee Radio Freedom Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College Umkhonto we Sizwe

Allied organisations

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Category

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Politics of South Africa

By province

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Political parties

see South Africa political parties

Other political organisations

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Trade unions and Social movements

see South Africa trade unions

Equal Education Mandela Park Backyarders PASSOP Poor People's Alliance

Abahlali baseMjondolo LPM Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign

SJC TAC UPM

Law

see South African law

Terrorism

AWB Boeremag

Political culture

African Renaissance Alternative media Azania Corruption (Don't) touch me on my studio Freedom Charter Proudly South African Rainbow nation Renaming Tenderpreneurs Toyi-toyi Ubuntu UnFreedom Day Xenophobia

Slogans

"Amandla Ngawethu!" "No Land! No House! No Vote!"

Books and periodicals

African Communist Amandla ANC Today Biko I Write What I Like Long Walk to Freedom Molotov Cocktail No Land! No House! No Vote!

Other

Blikkiesdorp Corrective rape Crime Elections Farm attacks #FeesMustFall HIV/AIDS Labour brokering Land occupations Legacies of apartheid Lindela Marikana massacre Nkandlagate Political assassinations Political repression Protests Sexual violence Shack fires Third Force Gupta family

Category

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Political history of South Africa

Defunct polities

Kingdom of Mapungubwe
Kingdom of Mapungubwe
(c. 1075–c. 1220) Dutch Cape Colony
Dutch Cape Colony
(1652–1806) Mthethwa Paramountcy
Mthethwa Paramountcy
(c. 1780–1817) Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
Kingdom (c. 1780–1819) Cape Colony
Cape Colony
(1795–1910) Zulu Kingdom
Zulu Kingdom
(1816–97) Natalia Republic
Natalia Republic
(1839–43) Natal Colony (1843–1910) Orange Free State
Orange Free State
(1854–1902) South African Republic
South African Republic
(1856–1902) Griqualand East
Griqualand East
(1861–79) Griqualand West
Griqualand West
(1870–73) Goshen (1882–83) Stellaland
Stellaland
(1882–85) Nieuwe Republiek
Nieuwe Republiek
(1884–88) Upingtonia
Upingtonia
(1885–87) Klein Vrystaat
Klein Vrystaat
(1886–91) Orange River Colony
Orange River Colony
(1902–10) Transvaal Colony
Transvaal Colony
(1902–10) Union of South Africa
Union of South Africa
(1910–61) Transkei
Transkei
(1976–94) Bophuthatswana
Bophuthatswana
(1977–94) Venda
Venda
(1979–94) Ciskei
Ciskei
(1981–94)

Events

1652–1815

Dutch settlement French Huguenot settlement Khoikhoi–Dutch Wars Xhosa Wars Battle of Muizenberg Battle of Blaauwberg Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814

1815–1910

Mfecane 1820 Settlers Great Trek Boer Republics Transvaal Civil War Mineral Revolution Witwatersrand Gold Rush South African Wars South Africa Act 1909

1910–1948

Maritz Rebellion Rand Rebellion Great Depression 1946 African Mine Workers' Union strike Bantustans

Apartheid
Apartheid
era

1948 general election Apartheid
Apartheid
legislation

Pass laws

Internal resistance Coloured-vote constitutional crisis Defiance Campaign Congress of the People

Freedom Charter

Women's March 1956 1957 Alexandra bus boycott Sharpeville massacre 1960 republic referendum International isolation

Academic boycott Disinvestment Sporting boycott

Olympics Rugby union

Rivonia Trial Tar Baby Option Durban Moment Border War Israeli alliance

Israel–South Africa Agreement

Soweto Uprising Weapons of mass destruction Project Coast Constructive engagement Church Street bombing 1983 constitutional reform referendum Langa massacre Rubicon speech Dakar Conference Third Force CODESA 1992 apartheid referendum Saint James Church massacre Bophuthatswana
Bophuthatswana
crisis Shell House massacre

Post-apartheid

1994 general election Government of National Unity Reconstruction and Development Programme Truth and Reconciliation Commission Arms Deal Floor crossing Soweto bombings African Renaissance Xenophobia Marikana massacre 2012 Western Cape farm workers' strike Nkandlagate 2014 platinum strike #RhodesMustFall protests # FeesMustFall
FeesMustFall
student protests Tshwane riots

Political culture

African nationalism Afrikaner Calvinism Afrikaner nationalism Azania Baasskap Boerehaat Black Consciousness Movement Day of the Vow Greater South Africa Honorary whites Rooi gevaar Slavery Swart gevaar Uitlander Volkstaat

Defunct organisations

Civic and political organisations

Afrikaner Bond Afrikaner Broederbond Afrikaner Party AITUP APO AVF BPC Black Sash CDA CTEG COD Congress Alliance COSG CP Dominion Party DP (1973–1977) DP (1989–2000) DPP ECC FA FD Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners GNP Het Volk HNP IDASA ID IP ISL Jeugkrag Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Reform Committee Labour Party (1910–1958) Labour Party (1969–1994) Liberal Party (1953–1968) NA NCP Natal Indian Congress NLP NNP NP NPP NRP NUSAS PFP Progressive Party (Cape Colony) Progressive Party PRP Radio Freedom Reform Party SABP SADECO SAIC SASO SAYCO SAYRCO South African Party (Cape Colony) South African Party (1911–1934) South African Party (1977–1980) TNIP Torch Commando UFP United Party Unionist Party Volksparty Workers Party WOSA

Trade unions and social movements

APF BCM BLATU CNETU CTSWU FCWU FNETU FOSATU ICU IWW MUSA NEUM NURHS PAWE SAAPAWU SACTU SAIF SARHU SATUC Die Spoorbund UDF Umkosi Wezintaba

Paramilitary and terrorist organisations

APLA ARM BBB Boeremag Greyshirts MK Ossewabrandwag Orde van die Dood SANF

Histories of political parties

African National Congress Democratic Alliance Pan Africanist Congress
Pan Africanist Congress
of Azan

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