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The Info List - AFC Asian Cup


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The AFC ASIAN CUP is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). It is the second oldest continental football championship in the world after Copa América
Copa América
. The winning team becomes the champion of Asia
Asia
and automatically qualifies for the FIFA Confederations Cup .

The Asian Cup was held once every four years from the 1956 edition in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
until the 2004 tournament in China
China
. However, since the Summer Olympic Games and the European Football Championship were also scheduled in the same year as the Asian Cup, the AFC decided to move their championship to a less crowded cycle. After 2004, the tournament was next held in 2007 when it was co-hosted by four nations: Indonesia , Malaysia
Malaysia
, Thailand
Thailand
and Vietnam
Vietnam
. Thereafter, it has been held every four years.

The Asian Cup has generally been dominated by a small number of top teams. Initially successful teams included South Korea
South Korea
and Iran
Iran
. Since 1984, Japan
Japan
and Saudi Arabia have been the most successful teams, together winning 7 of the last 9 finals. The other teams which have achieved success are Iraq (2007 ) and Kuwait
Kuwait
(1980 ), and Israel have also won the tournament although they have since joined UEFA
UEFA
.

Australia
Australia
joined the Asian confederation in 2007 and hosted the Asian Cup finals in 2015. The 2019 tournament will be expanded from 16 teams to 24 teams, with the qualifying process doubling as part of the qualification for the 2018 FIFA
FIFA
World
World
Cup . The tournament will be hosted by the United Arab Emirates. Unlike other confederation tournaments, the Asian Cup has often been rescheduled to another time of year to better suit the climate of the host nation, for example in 2007 it was played in July but the following two tournaments were played in January.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Format

* 2.1 Final tournament

* 3 Results

* 3.1 Teams reaching the top four * 3.2 Champions by region

* 4 Records and statistics * 5 See also * 6 References and footnotes * 7 External links

HISTORY

Two years after Asian Football Confederation (AFC) came into being in 1954, the first ever AFC Asian Cup
AFC Asian Cup
was staged in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
with seven of the 12 founding members vying for the title to become Asia's best football team. The qualifying process involved the hosts plus the winners of the various zones (central , eastern and western ). It was only a four-team tournament, a format that also existed for 1960 and 1964. Each sub-confederation already hosts their own biennial championship, each with varying degrees of interest. Dominance has swung between the East and West so far. From the superiority of South Korea in the early years of the competition, the tournament became the preserve of Iran
Iran
who won three consecutive tournaments in 1968 , 1972 and 1976 which also hosted the first and last editions.

West Asian countries ruled in the eighties with Kuwait
Kuwait
becoming the first country from the Arab region to win the championship in 1980 , followed by Saudi Arabia 's impressive and consecutive wins in 1984 and 1988 .

Japan
Japan
hold the record for the most victories in the tournament's history with title triumphs in 1992 , 2000 , 2004 and 2011 .

The 2007 edition of the AFC Asian Cup
AFC Asian Cup
also saw Australia
Australia
come face-to-face for the first time with the footballing powers of Asia, with the Socceroos signing off with a quarter-final finish; Iraq produced giant-killing performances to overcome the likes of Australia, South Korea
South Korea
and Saudi Arabia to win their first ever Asian Cup that year in what is regarded as one of sport's greatest fairytale victories considering the war situation going on in the country at the time and the adverse conditions the Iraqi players had to deal with.

Having come to grips with Asian football, the Australians went all the way to the final in the 2011 edition later only to suffer heartbreak in the pulsating Doha
Doha
final when they lost to Japan
Japan
1–0 in extra time. The 2015 AFC Asian Cup tournament was hosted by Australia. The host country and South Korea
South Korea
reached the final and Australia
Australia
won the title after defeating South Korea
South Korea
2–1 in extra time. United Arab Emirates also finished in third place after defeating 2007 champions Iraq in the third/fourth-place play-off.

FORMAT

FINAL TOURNAMENT

The final tournament is being played in two stages: the group stage and the knockout stage. In the group stage each team plays three games in a group of four, with the winners and runners-up from each group advancing to the knockout stage. In the knockout stage the eight teams advance to compete in a single-elimination tournament, beginning with the quarter-finals and ending with the final match of the tournament. A third-place match is also played between the two losing teams of the semi-finals. However, this format is set to change from the 2019 edition onwards to include 24 teams as opposed to 16.

RESULTS

YEAR HOST

FINAL

THIRD PLACE MATCH

NUMBER OF TEAMS

CHAMPIONS SCORE RUNNERS-UP THIRD PLACE SCORE FOURTH PLACE

1956 Details Hong Kong
Hong Kong

South Korea
South Korea
round-robin

Israel
Israel
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
round-robin

South Vietnam
Vietnam
4

1960 Details South Korea
South Korea

South Korea
South Korea
round-robin

Israel
Israel
Republic of China
China
round-robin

South Vietnam
Vietnam
4

1964 Details Israel
Israel

Israel
Israel
round-robin

India South Korea
South Korea
round-robin

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
4

1968 Details Iran
Iran

Iran
Iran
round-robin

Burma Israel
Israel
round-robin

Republic of China
China
5

1972 Details Thailand
Thailand

Iran
Iran
2–1 aet

South Korea
South Korea
Thailand
Thailand
2–2 aet (5–3) pen Khmer Republic 6

1976 Details Iran
Iran

Iran
Iran
1–0

Kuwait
Kuwait
China
China
PR 1–0

Iraq 6

1980 Details Kuwait
Kuwait

Kuwait
Kuwait
3–0

South Korea
South Korea
Iran
Iran
3–0

North Korea 10

1984 Details Singapore
Singapore

Saudi Arabia 2–0

China
China
PR Kuwait
Kuwait
1–1 (5–3) pen Iran
Iran
10

1988 Details Qatar
Qatar

Saudi Arabia 0–0 aet (4–3) pen South Korea
South Korea
Iran
Iran
0–0 (3–0) pen China
China
PR 10

1992 Details Japan
Japan

Japan
Japan
1–0

Saudi Arabia China
China
PR 1–1 (4–3) pen United Arab Emirates 8

1996 Details United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia 0–0 aet (4–2) pen United Arab Emirates Iran
Iran
1–1 (3–2) pen Kuwait
Kuwait
12

2000 Details Lebanon
Lebanon

Japan
Japan
1–0

Saudi Arabia South Korea
South Korea
1–0

China
China
PR 12

2004 Details China
China

Japan
Japan
3–1

China
China
PR Iran
Iran
4–2

Bahrain 16

2007 Details Indonesia
Indonesia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Thailand
Thailand
Vietnam
Vietnam
Iraq 1–0

Saudi Arabia South Korea
South Korea
0–0 aet (6–5) pen Japan
Japan
16

2011 Details Qatar
Qatar

Japan
Japan
1–0 aet

Australia
Australia
South Korea
South Korea
3–2

Uzbekistan 16

2015 Details Australia
Australia

Australia
Australia
2–1 aet

South Korea
South Korea
United Arab Emirates 3–2

Iraq 16

2019 Details United Arab Emirates TBD

TBD TBD

TBD 24

TEAMS REACHING THE TOP FOUR

TEAM WINNERS RUNNERS-UP THIRD-PLACE FOURTH-PLACE

Japan
Japan
4 (1992 * , 2000 , 2004 , 2011 ) – – 1 (2007 )

Saudi Arabia 3 (1984 , 1988 , 1996 ) 3 (1992 , 2000 , 2007 ) – –

Iran
Iran
3 (1968 * , 1972 , 1976 * ) – 4 (1980 , 1988 , 1996 , 2004 ) 1 (1984 )

South Korea
South Korea
2 (1956 , 1960 * ) 4 (1972 , 1980 , 1988 , 2015 ) 4 (1964 , 2000 , 2007 , 2011 ) –

Israel
Israel
1 1 (1964 * ) 2 (1956 , 1960 ) 1 (1968 ) –

Kuwait
Kuwait
1 (1980 * ) 1 (1976 ) 1 (1984 ) 1 (1996 )

Australia
Australia
1 (2015 * ) 1 (2011 ) – –

Iraq 1 (2007 ) – – 2 (1976 , 2015 )

China
China
PR – 2 (1984 , 2004 * ) 2 (1976 , 1992 ) 2 (1988 , 2000 )

United Arab Emirates – 1 (1996 * ) 1 (2015 ) 1 (1992 )

India – 1 (1964 ) – –

Myanmar – 1 (1968 ) – –

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
– – 1 (1956 * ) 1 (1964 )

Republic of China
China
– – 1 (1960 ) 1 (1968 )

Thailand
Thailand
– – 1 (1972 * ) –

South Vietnam
Vietnam
/ Vietnam
Vietnam
– – – 2 (1956 , 1960 )

Cambodia – – – 1 (1972 )

North Korea – – – 1 (1980 )

Bahrain – – – 1 (2004 )

Uzbekistan – – – 1 (2011 )

* hosts 1 Israel
Israel
was expelled from the AFC in the early 1970s and eventually became a member of UEFA
UEFA
.

CHAMPIONS BY REGION

FEDERATION (REGION) CHAMPION(S) NUMBER

EAFF (East Asia) Japan
Japan
(4), South Korea
South Korea
(2) 6 titles

WAFF (West Asia) Saudi Arabia (3), Kuwait
Kuwait
(1), Iraq (1) 5 titles

CAFA (Central Asia) Iran
Iran
(3) 3 titles

AFF (Southeast Asia)