ACES (Spanish acronym: Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia) was an
airline with its headquarters in the Edificio del Cafe in Medellín,
Colombia  and founded on August 30, 1971, by a group of 13
Colombian entrepreneurs, amongst them, most notably Orlando Botero
Escobar and German Peñaloza Arias from
Manizales and Luis H. Coulson,
Jorge Coulson R., Alberto Jaramillo and Hernán Zuluaga from
Mr. Botero and Mr. Peñaloza, considered pioneers in the early days of
Colombian commercial aviation, had tried several times to establish a
commuter service between
Manizales and Bogotá. They managed to
operate a small commuter airline by the name TARCA (acronym of Taxi
Aéreo de Caldas), which was forced to shut down due to financial
difficulties. With the support and capital of the new partners from
Medellín, they embarked on the successful enterprise that would be
ACES. The airline began service in 1972 with
Saunders ST-27 aircraft
for the routes Medellín-
Bogotá and Manizales-Bogotá, and soon
became a major player in the Colombian market. By 1976, the airline
had expanded its network to smaller regional destinations, for which
it purchased DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft. 1981 saw the introduction of
the first jet aircraft to ACES' fleet with the very popular Boeing
727-100 which allowed for longer routes and shorter flight-time.
In 1991, ACES completely replaced its
Fokker F27 Friendship fleet with
ATR 42 turbo-prop aircraft for its short-haul regional routes, and its
Boeing 727-100 with the Boeing 727-200 Advanced variant. In 1992, ACES
expanded its service internationally, operating flights from Medellín
Bogotá to Miami. Soon after, Juan Emilio Posada was appointed CEO
and would serve until the airline's demise in 2003. In the late 1990s,
ACES modernized its fleet acquiring brand-new Airbus A320 aircraft
that replaced its Boeing 727s. It expanded its routes to Fort
Lauderdale, Quito, Caracas,
Cancún (served by charters), Santo
Punta Cana and San Juan, Puerto Rico; as well as additional
domestic flights within Colombia.
ACES created a corporate culture of service and punctuality that would
earn it the recognition and loyalty of its customers, resulting in
consistent increases in its market share and revenues in the domestic
market, which was dominated for decades by Avianca. It was named the
"Best airline in Colombia" by several industry and consumer
On May 20, 2002, ACES merged with major competitor
Avianca and SAM to
form Alianza Summa, a strategic alliance aimed at joining forces to
counteract the adverse circumstances that faced the airline industry
Colombia and the world after the September 11 attacks. ACES'
operations were halted on August, 2003, after the board's decision
to liquidate the airline. By November, 2003, the Summa Alliance was
dissolved and ACES' routes taken over by Avianca.
Airline Directory." Flight International. March 17–23,
1999. 40. "Calle 49, No 50-21, Piso 34, Edificio del Cafe, Medellin,
Antioquia, AA 6503, Colombia"
Colombia Fleet of ATR (History) Airfleets aviation".
www.airfleets.net. Retrieved 2016-10-19.
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 25, 2002.
Retrieved May 13, 2008. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) (September
24–25, 2002) (in Spanish)
Media related to ACES
Colombia at Wikimedia Commons
Avianca Holdings S.A.
Avianca Taxi (Synerjet + Senior Táxi Aéreo)
Avianca Costa Rica
Avianca El Salvador
Avianca Puente Aéreo Terminal
United Airlines Joint Venture
Avianca Holdings S.A.
Synergy Group + Kingsland Holdings
List of airline holding companies
Airlines of Colombia
Aerolínea de Antioquia
Central Charter de Colombia
Colombian Air Cargo
Cosmos Air Cargo
LATAM Cargo Colombia
Líneas Aéreas Suramericanas
Vertical de Aviación
Coordinates: 43°26′34″N 6°04′09″W / 43.44278°N
6.06917°W / 43.442