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The Info List - A34 Road


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The A34 is a major road in England. It runs from the A33 and M3 at Winchester
Winchester
in Hampshire, to the A6 and A6042 in Salford, close to Manchester
Manchester
City Centre. [1] It forms a large part of the major trunk route from Southampton, via Oxford, to Birmingham, The Potteries
The Potteries
and Manchester. For most of its length (together with the A5011 and parts of the A50, and A49), it forms part of the former Winchester-Preston Trunk Road.[2][3] Improvements to the section of road forming the Newbury Bypass
Newbury Bypass
around Newbury were the scene of significant direct action environmental protests in the 1990s.[4] It is 151 miles (243 km) long.

Contents

1 Route

1.1 Map of route

2 History and renumbering 3 References 4 External links

Route[edit] The road is in two sections. The northern section runs south through Manchester
Manchester
and Cheadle, and bypasses Handforth, Wilmslow
Wilmslow
and Alderley Edge, before passing through Congleton, Newcastle-under-Lyme, and the southern suburbs of Stoke-on-Trent. It then continues south via Stone, Stafford, Cannock
Cannock
and Walsall, passes through the middle of Birmingham (where it briefly merges with the A41), before meeting the M42 motorway at junction 4 south of Solihull. The road in effect combines with the motorway network and resumes. The southern section begins 45 miles (72 km) SSE (along the M40 motorway), at the Bicester
Bicester
/ˈbɪstə/ ( listen) junction. It continues south as the straightest (western) part of the Oxford Ring Road, crossing the River Thames
River Thames
on the A34 Road Bridge. It then bypasses Abingdon, Didcot, and Newbury before finishing at the southern Winchester
Winchester
turning of the M3 motorway, junction 9. This part of the A34 forms the E05 European route. It is a dual carriageway throughout. Together with parts of the M3 and the M40, the A34 forms an important route carrying freight from Southampton
Southampton
to the Midlands. Because of the volume of traffic, bypasses were built along this route – at Newbury on the A34, and at Twyford Down
Twyford Down
near Winchester
Winchester
on the M3 – but these were controversial for environmental reasons. Notably instead of cutting a short road tunnel through Twyford Down, the escarpment was carved out for the road traffic of the motorway and fledgling A34. In 2004 works were carried out, at a cost of £38 million, continuing the road without being interrupted by a roundabout at junction 13 of the M4 motorway, which had caused a "bottleneck".[5]

The A34 looking North towards Didcot, in Oxfordshire, with the power station visible

In Drayton, near Abingdon (Oxfordshire) a junction used by construction vehicles to gain access onto the A34 during its construction still exists as a "closed road", a few miles from the nearest alternative accesses. Plans are in discussion regarding possible re-opening of this closed access point.[citation needed] Map of route[edit]

Route of A34 overlaid on OpenStreetMap

History and renumbering[edit] For further information, see Great Britain road numbering scheme.

Kingsway in Manchester
Manchester
where the A34 nears the end of its route.

The original (1922) route of the A34 was Winchester
Winchester
to Oxford, much shorter than it is today.[6] It was extended to Manchester
Manchester
on 1 April 1935,[7] replacing part of the A42 ( Oxford
Oxford
to Birmingham
Birmingham
through Shipston-on-Stour, Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon
and Henley-in-Arden), A455 ( Birmingham
Birmingham
to Stafford), part of the A449 ( Stafford
Stafford
to Newcastle under Lyme) and A526 (Newcastle to Manchester). By 1953 the route was as follows:[8]

Manchester Levenshulme Burnage East Didsbury Cheadle Wilmslow Alderley Edge Congleton Talke Newcastle-under-Lyme Stone bypass Stafford Cannock Bloxwich Walsall Birmingham Shirley Henley-in-Arden Wootton Wawen Stratford-on-Avon Newbold-on-Stour Shipston-on-Stour Long Compton (1 mile (1.6 km) east of Chipping Norton) Enstone Woodstock Oxford Abingdon Steventon East Ilsley Newbury Litchfield Whitchurch Sutton Scotney Winchester

When the Oxford
Oxford
Ring Road was completed to the west of Oxford
Oxford
in 1962, the old route through the city was renumbered the A4144. On completion of the Abingdon Bypass in the 1970s, the old route from the Oxford Ring Road through Abingdon and Steventon to Chilton was partly declassified (for 5 miles (8.0 km)) and the rest renumbered A4183, B4017, A4130 and A4185. In 1991, shortly after the completion of the M40 motorway, the road between Oxford
Oxford
and Solihull
Solihull
was renumbered. Between Chipping Norton and Solihull
Solihull
the road lost its primary route status and was renumbered A3400, and south of Chipping Norton the route became part of an extended A44. The A34 was diverted north from the Oxford
Oxford
Ring Road to the M40 along parts of the former routes of the A43 and A421. Much of the long-distance traffic carried by what is now the A3400 now uses the M40 to Birmingham, and the M42 and M6 to by-pass the city. When the Newbury Bypass
Newbury Bypass
was opened in 1998, the old route through Newbury became part of the A339 and the B4640. The long planned and often postponed Alderley Edge
Alderley Edge
bypass was completed in November 2010, ahead of schedule and within the £52 million budget.[9] The official opening ceremony was conducted by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Rt Hon George Osborne
George Osborne
MP,[10] on 19 November 2010. References[edit]

^ "1:500,000 road map". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 22 December 2011.  ^ "The Winchester-Preston Trunk Road (A34) ( Newbury Bypass
Newbury Bypass
Detrunking) (No.2) Order 1993". Retrieved 26 December 2011.  ^ "Trunk Roads Acts 1936 and 1946" (PDF). Retrieved 26 December 2011.  ^ "1996: Green groups join bypass battle". BBC News. 18 January 1996. Retrieved 22 December 2011.  ^ "A34 Chieveley/M4 Junction 13 improvement". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2011.  ^ List Of Class I and Class II Roads and Numbers (transcription) : HMSO ^ The National Archives File
File
MT39/246 : "CLASSIFICATION : Renumbering of classified routes" ^ AA Road Book of England
England
and Wales, 4th edition (1953) ^ Cheshire East Council News Release ^ "Chancellor opens Alderley Edge
Alderley Edge
bypass after 90 year wait". Manchester
Manchester
Evening News. M.E.N. Media. 19 November 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to A34 road
A34 road
(England).

Route map: Google

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/A34 road KML is from Wikidata

The Highways Agency Management Strategy for Bicester
Bicester
to Winchester. The Highways Agency A34-M4 junction improvements. A detailed review of the A34 and its history A34 Stratford Road red route, Birmingham

v t e

A roads in Zone 3 of the Great Britain road numbering scheme

A3 A30 A31 A32 A33 A34 A35 A36 A37 A38 A39

A301 A303 A304 A307 A308 A316 A329 A331 A337 A338 A339 A340 A342 A344 A345 A346 A350 A354 A360 A361 A363 A368 A369 A370 A371 A374 A379 A380 A381 A382 A386 A390

A3036 A3054 A3055 A3090 A3110 A3203 A3204 A3220 A3400

List of A roads in Zone 3 List of B roads in Zone 3

v t e

Streets and roads in Birmingham, England

City centre streets

Bennetts Hill Broad Street Colmore Row Corporation Street Edmund Street Hurst Street New Street Newhall Street Paradise Circus Paradise Street

City centre squares

Brindleyplace Centenary Square Chamberlain Square Five Ways Old Square St Paul's Square Victoria Square

Suburban streets

Orphanage Road

A roads

A34 A38 A41 A45 A47 A435 A456 A5127 A4040 (outer ring road) A4400 (inner ring road)

Motorways

A38(M) M5 motorway M6 motorway

Defunct

The Cresc

.