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The A27 is a major road in England. It runs from its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish
Whiteparish
(near Salisbury) in the county of Wiltshire. It closely parallels the south coast in Hampshire, then passes through West Sussex
West Sussex
and terminates at Pevensey
Pevensey
(near Eastbourne
Eastbourne
and Bexhill) in East Sussex. It is one of the westernmost Zone 2 roads in the UK. Between Portsmouth
Portsmouth
and Lewes, it is one of the busiest trunk roads in the UK.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Shoreham Airshow
Shoreham Airshow
crash

2 Description

2.1 Bexhill to Hastings link road 2.2 Landmarks on the route

3 Proposed developments 4 External links 5 References

History[edit] Historically, for longer distance movement along the south coast, the M25 in combination with the M2, M20, M23 / A23, A3 / A3(M) and M3 has provided an attractive alternative to the actual south coast route of A259, A27 and M27. In 2002 an offpeak journey between Margate
Margate
and Southampton
Southampton
via the M25 took 2 hours 30 minutes, and via the coastal route using the A259, A27 and M27 took 3 hours 50 minutes.[1] The reason why the coastal route is so much slower than the M25 alternative is largely due to a series of bottlenecks on the A27. These include Chichester, Arundel, Worthing
Worthing
and Polegate.[2] The British government announced, in its 2013 spending review, that it would go ahead with improvements to the Chichester
Chichester
bypass.[3] The Highways Agency said that the proposals would be subject to public consultation in July 2015. The preferred route would then be announced in September 2015 and the plan would be to start construction in February 2018 with a completion date of December 2019.[4][5][6] However the timescales were then revised. There was a six-week public consultation period during Spring 2016. The proposed construction would then commence in March 2019 with a completion date of March 2021.[7] After five options were published and two dropped the government cancelled the whole project on 28 February 2017, citing lack of support from local authorities as the main reason.[8][9] A proposed scheme to bypass Lancing and Sompting
Sompting
(as well as other sections) was dropped in 1988.[10] A proposed scheme to bypass Arundel
Arundel
was dropped in 2003, although the junction at the end of the dual carriageway has been partly made into an underpass.[11][12] At Worthing, where the possibility of a bypass has often been discussed since 1967, even getting as far as passing the inspector's report at a public inquiry, the plan was dropped in 1996 following rising costs.[13] Arundel
Arundel
and Worthing
Worthing
are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.[2][14] A bridge over the level crossing at Beddingham
Beddingham
was completed on 22 August 2008.[15] The original proposal called for a dual carriageway standard link with a bridge over the crossing.[16] However, the actual project involved improving the original single carriageway road by providing two lanes westbound and one lane eastbound between the Southerham and Beddingham
Beddingham
roundabouts.[15] Despite the limited improvements to the A27, it is still substantially quicker (usually more than an hour difference) to travel from Southampton
Southampton
to Margate
Margate
via the M25 route compared to the coast route of A259, A27 and M27.[17][18] Because of all the delays along its route, according to West Sussex County Council, the A27 is the most unreliable all purpose trunk road in England.[19] Further, it is widely considered by businesses on the coast to cost money and inhibit economic performance due to its unreliability and frequent congestion.[20] However proposals by central government to allow private sector financing to improve major roads may be a possible solution to the A27s demise.[21] Actor Desmond Llewelyn, who portrayed Q in a large portion of the James Bond film series, was fatally injured in a car accident on the A27 in 1999.[22] Shoreham Airshow
Shoreham Airshow
crash[edit] Main article: 2015 Shoreham Airshow
Shoreham Airshow
crash At the Shoreham Airshow
Shoreham Airshow
on 22 August 2015, a Hawker Hunter
Hawker Hunter
crashed into the A27, striking several vehicles and killing eleven people.[23] The road was completely closed for eight days and did not fully reopen until 16 September 2015.[24] Description[edit]

A27 near Brighton
Brighton
and Hove, East Sussex

The road starts at its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish. It runs through Romsey, Chilworth, at which point it follows a Roman Road, Swaythling, West End and Bursledon. It then closely parallels the south coast and travels on via Fareham, Cosham, Havant, Chichester, Arundel, Worthing, Lancing, Shoreham-by-Sea, Hove, Brighton, Falmer, Lewes
Lewes
and Polegate
Polegate
where it then terminates at Pevensey
Pevensey
in East Sussex.[25] A section of the A27 running from the eastern end of the M27 to the end of the road at Pevensey
Pevensey
forms part of, what was known as, the South Coast Trunk Road. Much of the road has been improved to dual carriageway standard, with the westernmost section of the trunk portion even having as much as four lanes plus a hard shoulder in each direction, and on a motorway alignment with grade-separated junctions. This is perhaps a reflection that the M27 was once proposed to run as far as Chichester.[26] The road runs east from Portsmouth
Portsmouth
to Havant
Havant
then on to the Warblington/ Emsworth
Emsworth
exit. Beyond Warblington
Warblington
the dual carriageway east has no junctions in it until it reaches Chichester, where the by-pass has five roundabouts and one traffic signal controlled junction, that disrupt the mainline flow of the road.[4][27] The Chichester
Chichester
by-pass is regularly subject to congestion and although a public inquiry has proposed improvements, those improvements are currently on hold.[4] East of Chichester
Chichester
the road largely retains a two-lane dual-carriageway standard. There are, however a couple of sections of single-carriageway; at Arundel
Arundel
and at Worthing.[28] These are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.[29] At the junction of the A27 and the A24, the A27 has a brief section where the road is designated 'A27' and 'A24' before continuing from the 'Grove Lodge' roundabout where the road is named "Upper Brighton Road".[25] After Worthing, the A27 passes Sompting
Sompting
on the Sompting Bypass before passing through Lancing where there are traffic lights and a roundabout which disrupt traffic flow. Just before the road crosses the River Adur
River Adur
near Shoreham via the 'Shoreham flyover' (constructed 1968-70[30]), there is a traffic light-controlled intersection close to Lancing College
Lancing College
and the headquarters of Ricardo plc which was the scene of a fatal aircrash during the Shoreham Airshow 2015 on 22 August 2015, killing eleven people on the ground.[31] After the 'flyover' over the Adur, the A27 then runs past the Holmbush interchange (Shoreham-by-Sea) and on through the Southwick Hill Tunnel, at that point entering East Sussex. Later, it passes Brighton
Brighton
— where it is known as the Brighton
Brighton
Bypass [32] — and around the South Downs. The junction of the A23 and the A27 is often slow in the morning rush hour. It then passes around Falmer
Falmer
with this section of road having three lanes in each direction but loses the third lane later. When Brighton and Hove
Hove
Albion play at home this section can become congested due to its proximity to The American Express Community Stadium. Afterwards, it passes south of Lewes
Lewes
where it meets the A26 road
A26 road
to Newhaven. Here, the road becomes a single carriageway standard and, until 2008, crossed a level crossing until it was bypassed. The south coast multi model study recommended a dual carriageway, but the Highways Agency built it to a cheaper single-carriageway standard. Plans are still proposed for upgrading this later.[28][33] The road afterwards reverts to a dual carriageway with access to the A22, which provides links to Eastbourne
Eastbourne
and Hailsham. The road then. once again. turns into a single carriageway near Pevensey, where the road ends, and the South Coast Trunk Road transfers over to the A259; this coast road starts in Emsworth
Emsworth
and shadows the route of the A27. Bexhill to Hastings link road[edit] Main article: A2690 Work on the contentious Bexhill to Hastings link road commenced in early 2013 and was completed in late 2015. The road provides a more direct link from the A27 to the A28 road
A28 road
via the A259 road.[34] Landmarks on the route[edit]

A27 crossing the Adur flyover, near Shoreham, West Sussex

Spinnaker Tower Chichester
Chichester
Cathedral Arundel
Arundel
Castle The South Downs Shoreham Airport River Adur Lancing College University of Sussex, (Falmer) Lewes
Lewes
Castle Mount Caburn Firle Beacon Long Man of Wilmington Falmer
Falmer
Stadium

Proposed developments[edit]

In their 2013 spending review the British government said that they will fund a feasibility study that will include looking at problems on the A27 corridor.[35] There is a recommendation to build a new road from Wilmington to Polegate.[28] There is also a recommendation to make the road a dual carriageway between Beddingham
Beddingham
and Polegate.[28] On 1 December 2014 the UK Government announced that they would go ahead with proposed improvements to the A27. These were:

Arundel
Arundel
to have a new dual carriageway bypass, subject to consultation with the National Parks Authority, local authorities and the publication of this and alternative options Worthing
Worthing
and Lancing to have improvements to capacity and junctions along the A27, subject to consultation with West Sussex
West Sussex
County Council and the public. The original plan was for the four junctions on the Chichester
Chichester
bypass to be upgraded. However, other options were also considered.[7]

Some news organisations have been sceptical about this announcement, claiming that in the past "Governments have a habit of announcing big plans for the roads, only to shelve them later on when the money gets tight."[36][37] There seemed to be some truth to this suggestion after the Chichester
Chichester
bypass scheme was cancelled, by the secretary of state, in February 2017.[9]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to A27 road.

Society for All British Road
Road
Enthusiasts Route Description - A27 TAB-MSAS: Roads Photos: A27 BBC News article on new subway at Falmer BBC News article on speed trap at Falmer Traffic delays on the A27 Highways Agency A27 projects page

References[edit]

^ "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. p. 16. Retrieved 22 March 2012.  ^ a b "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. p. 29. Retrieved 22 March 2012.  ^ "George Osborne commits to A27 works at Chichester". Chichester: Chichester
Chichester
Observer. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.  ^ a b c "A27 Chichester
Chichester
Improvement". Highways Agency. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ " Arundel
Arundel
Bypass review". Littlehampton
Littlehampton
Gazette. Retrieved 8 July 2013.  ^ " West Sussex
West Sussex
A27 Action Plan". Chichester: WSCC,. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ a b "A27 Chichester
Chichester
Improvement". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2016.  ^ "A27 Chichester
Chichester
Improvement". Highways Agency. Retrieved 6 March 2017.  ^ a b "A27 upgrade cancelled". Chichester
Chichester
Observer. Retrieved 6 March 2017.  ^ "A27 BY-Pass project October 1988". Retrieved 15 May 2013.  ^ "A27 upgrade calls". Chichester
Chichester
Observer. Retrieved 16 May 2011.  ^ " Arundel
Arundel
Bypass - Hansard". UK Government. 2000. Retrieved 7 February 2013.  ^ "Highway to Hell". Worthing: The Argus. 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.  ^ " West Sussex
West Sussex
Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex
West Sussex
County Council. p. 29. Retrieved 7 February 2013.  ^ a b "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. pp. 137–138. Retrieved 23 March 2012.  ^ " Southampton
Southampton
to Margate
Margate
via M25". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012.  ^ " Southampton
Southampton
to Margate
Margate
via A27". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012.  ^ " West Sussex
West Sussex
Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex
West Sussex
County Council. p. 28. Retrieved 24 March 2012.  ^ " West Sussex
West Sussex
Transport Plan 2011-2026". p. V. Retrieved 24 March 2012.  ^ "Private investment needed for A27 improvements". Worthing
Worthing
Herald. Retrieved 24 March 2012.  ^ " Road
Road
death of Q actor accidental". London, United Kingdom: Guardian News and Media Limited. 14 June 2000. Retrieved 1 February 2013.  ^ "Shoreham air crash death toll 'rises to 11'". BBC News. Retrieved 27 August 2015.  ^ "Shoreham A27 fully reopens after air crash". BBC News. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ a b "A27 route". Googlemaps. Retrieved 7 February 2013.  ^ "Map of Original Plans for M27". Pathetic Motorways. Retrieved 21 March 2012.  ^ Google map of Chichester
Chichester
retrieved 3 March 2012 ^ a b c d "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. pp. 21–22. Retrieved 21 March 2012.  ^ "Those A27 traffic jams have to ease". The Argus. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "A27 flyover under construction in 1969 near to Shoreham Airport". www.geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2015.  ^ "Shoreham air crash death toll 'rises to 11'". BBC News. 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2015.  ^ By-pass: First proposed in 1932, My Brighton
Brighton
and Hove, Tim Carder, 1990 ^ "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways agency. Archived from the original on 10 August 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013.  ^ "Bexhill-Hastings road-protest". Guardian Newspapers. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.  ^ "Investing in Britains Future" (PDF). H M Treasury. 2013. p. 13.  ^ "Major roads investment in London and the south east". UK Government. 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.  ^ "Roads funding: £15bn to be spent on schemes for England". BBC News. 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 

v t e

A roads in Zone 2 of the Great Britain road numbering scheme

A2 A20 A21 A22 A23 A24 A25 A26 A27 A28 A29

A200 A201 A202 A203 A205 A206 A209 A210 A212 A213 A214 A215 A217 A219 A222 A225 A226 A227 A228 A229 A230 A232 A234 A235 A236 A237 A240 A249 A250 A253 A254 A256 A258 A259 A264 A271 A272 A274 A278 A281 A282 A286 A299

A2020 A2022 A2030 A2043 A2100 A2199 A2204 A2212 A2216 A2217

List of A roads in Zone 2 List of B roads in Zone 2

Coordinates: 50°52′N 0°36′W / 50.86°N 0.60°W

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