ANDIMUTHU RAJA (born 26 October 1963) is an Indian politician from
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) political party. He was a member
15th Lok Sabha representing the Nilgiris constituency of Tamil
Nadu and had been elected to house for four times since 1996. Raja is
an advocate by profession and he did his masters from Government Law
College in Tiruchirappalli. He is an important leader of the DMK
party. Raja was born in Velur in Perambalur District in the South
Indian state of
Raja was first elected to Parliament as a member of Lok Sabha in 1996 from the Perambalur constituency and was reelected from the same constituency in 1999 and 2004 elections and from Nilgris constituency in 2009. He was Minister of State for Rural development from 1996 to 2000, Minister of State, Health and Family Welfare from September 2000 to May 2004 and a cabinet minister for Environment and Forests from May 2004 to May 2007. He became the cabinet minister for Communication and Information Technology from May 2007, following the resignation of Dayanidhi Maran . Raja is primarily accused to have conspired the 2G Spectrum scam , where two other members from DMK, namely, Dayanidhi Maran and Kanimozhi are also accused. Raja and two of his former associates were arrested on 2 February 2011 and was placed for a period 15 months in judicial custody at Tihar Jail .
* 1 Early life
* 2 Political career
* 2.1 Elections contested * 2.2 Positions held
* 3 As a minister
* 3.1 2G spectrum scandal * 3.2 Involvement in real estate
* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
Raja was born to S.K. Andimuthu and Chinnapillai in Velur in
Perambalur District in the South Indian state of
Raja started his political career as a student politician. He is from the Dalit community and quickly rose in party ranks of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.
ELECTIONS CONSTITUENCY RESULT VOTE PERCENTAGE OPPOSITION CANDIDATE OPPOSITION PARTY OPPOSITION VOTE PERCENTAGE
Indian general election, 1996
Indian general election, 1998
Indian general election, 1999
Indian general election, 2009
* 1996: Elected to Lok Sabha (Eleventh) for the 1st time * 13 OCTOBER 1996-29 SEPTEMBER 2000: Minister of State , Rural Development * MAY 1999: Elected to Lok Sabha (Thirteenth) for the second time * 30 SEPTEMBER 2000-21 MAY 2004: Minister of State, Health and Family Welfare * MAY 2004: Elected to Lok Sabha (Fourteenth) for the third time from Perambalur * 23 MAY 2004-17 MAY 2007: Cabinet minister for Environment and Forest * 18 MAY 2007-31 MAY 2009: Cabinet minister for Communication and Information Technology * MAY 2009: Elected to Lok Sabha (Fifteenth) for the fourth time from Nilgiris
AS A MINISTER
Raja was deputed as the Minister of State , Rural Development on 13 October 1996 and he continued to retain the post till 29 September 2000. On 30 September 2000, he was deputed as the minister of state for Health and Family welfare during the National Democratic Alliance . In December 2003, the DMK pulled out of the alliance and Raja resigned his minister's post along with his other DMK colleagues. He continued with the same ministry after the 2004 elections which was won by the Congress led alliance, which included the DMK. His tenure as an Environment ministry came under intense scrutiny in 2011 during the 2G Spectrum scam . His association with key accused in the 2G scam, Unitech and DB Realty, was rooted to 2004 when he was the Environment minister. One of the key points out of the CBI is the approval of 2016 clearances given by his ministry in a span of two years from 2006 to 2008, some of which were associated with trading of hazardous waste. The other issue raised was about the large majority of Raja's supporters in the expert appraisals committee (EAC), responsible for granting clearances to various sectors.
In 2007 May,
Dinakaran , the newspaper run by
Kalanidhi Maran , the
elder brother of
Dayanidhi Maran who was the central minister for IT
and Communication, ran into a controversy when it published the
results of a series of opinion polls which showed
M. K. Stalin
2G SPECTRUM SCANDAL
Main article: 2G spectrum scam Further information: Radia tapes controversy
The 2G spectrum financial scandal involved the alleged corrupt sale in 2008 of telecommunications bandwidth to selected organisations at prices that understated the real market value of the asset. The sale is claimed to have occurred when Raja headed the Telecommunications and IT Ministry; it has been considered the largest political corruption case in modern Indian history, amounting to around ₹1,766.45 billion (US$28 billion) of lost income for the Government of India . It is alleged that the sale should have been put under a transparent auction system.
A first information report filed by the Central Bureau of
Investigation (CBI) claims that the allocation was not done as per
market prices. The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) holds Raja
personally responsible for the sale of 2G spectrum at 2001 rates in
2008. In August 2010, evidence was submitted by the CAG showing that
Raja had personally signed and approved the majority of the
questionable allocations. Although the political opposition was
demanding his resignation over the 2G spectrum scam, Raja initially
refused to resign, stating his innocence, and this view was backed by
his party president M.
In 2011, the results of an investigation by retired judge Shivraj Patil, who was appointed by current telecom minister Kapil Sibal , has also found Raja to have been directly responsible for "procedural lapses" regarding the sale. The CBI and Enforcement Directorate estimate that Raja could have made as much as Rs 30 billion from the alleged bribes.
In January and February 2011, Raja's houses and offices were raided by the CBI, who seized computers as potential evidence. On 2 February 2011, the CBI arrested Raja with his aide, R. K. Chandolia, and Siddharth Behura, the former telecom secretary and placed in Tihar jail . Raja and R.K. Chandolia are heard in conversation with Niira Radia in the released Radia tapes.
Subsequent to his arrest, the DMK supported him on the basis that he
was innocent until proven guilty. On 6 June 2012, Delhi court permits
Raja to visit
On 15 May 2012, he was granted bail by the Supreme court under a
condition that he would not visit the Department of Telecommunications
nor his home state
INVOLVEMENT IN REAL ESTATE
Sadiq Batcha , a close friend of Raja's, shifted his base to Chennai from his hometown of Perambalur, after Raja became a central minister in 2004. He started a real estate firm called Green House Promoters, which had Raja's nephew Paramesh Kumar as joint managing director and Raja's brother A Kaliyaperumal and Raja's wife Parameswari as directors. Paramewari resigned the post on account of investigations. Batcha started another real estate firm in 2008 called Equaas Estates Pvt Ltd, which had Parameswari as a director. The firm had a turn over of 755 crores in two years, mainly attributed to the association of Raja. Batcha was put under the CBI scanner during the 2G Spectrum scam as they believed him to be the conduit for Raja. On 16 March 2011, Batcha was found dead in his Chennai residence. Police found a suicide note that read the reason as the excessive media coverage that maligned his image. Police registered a case under suspicious circumstances under Section 174 of the IPC .
* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013.
* ^ A B C "Political Career". Parliament of India. National
Informatics Centre. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
* ^ A B C "Profile: India ex-telecoms minister A Raja".
* ^ "Statistical report on General elections, 2014 to the 16th Lok Sabha". Election Commission of India. 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014. * ^ Yadav, Yatish (10 April 2011). "Raja’s environment role under scanner". The Sunday Guardian. Retrieved 22 November 2013. * ^ Saxena, Sumit (4 April 2011). "Raja formed links as environment minister". The Hindustan Times. New Delhi. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
* ^ "TN: 2 killed as
Dinakaran office set afire".