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Allahrakka Rahman ( pronunciation (help·info), born A. S. Dileep Kumar, best known as A. R. Rahman, is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, musician and philanthropist. A. R. Rahman's works are noted for integrating Indian classical music
Indian classical music
with electronic music, world music and traditional orchestral arrangements. Among his awards are four National Film Awards, two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe, fifteen Filmfare Awards and sixteen Filmfare Awards South. He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award, in 2010 by the Government of India.[1] In 2009, Rahman was included on the Time 100 list of the world's most influential people.[2] The UK-based world-music magazine Songlines named him one of "Tomorrow's World Music Icons" in August 2011.[3] South Indian fans of Rahman refer him with the nickname of "The Mozart of Madras", and "Isai Puyal" (English: the Musical Storm).[4] With an in-house studio (Panchathan Record Inn in Chennai), Rahman's film-scoring career began during the early 1990s with the Tamil film Roja. Working in India's film industries, international cinema, and theatre, Rahman is one of the best-selling recording artists,[5][6][7] with an estimated 200 million units sold.[8] In a notable two-decade career, he has been acclaimed for redefining contemporary Indian film music and contributing to the success of several films. Rahman has also become a notable humanitarian and philanthropist, donating and raising money for a number of causes and charities. In 2017, Rahman made his debut as a director and writer for the film Le Musk.[9]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Soundtracks 2.2 Background scores 2.3 Performing and other projects

3 Musical style and impact 4 Personal life 5 Philanthropy 6 Discography 7 Awards 8 See also 9 References 10 Notes 11 External links

Early life Rahman was born in Madras, India. His father, R. K. Shekhar, was a film-score composer and conductor for Tamil and Malayalam
Malayalam
films; Rahman assisted his father in the studio, playing the keyboard. After his father's death when Rahman was nine years old, the rental of his father's musical equipment provided his family's income.[10] Raised by his mother, Kareema (born Kashturi),[11] Rahman was a keyboard player and arranger for bands such as Roots (with childhood friend and percussionist Sivamani, John Anthony, Suresh Peters, JoJo and Raja)[12] and founded the Chennai-based rock group Nemesis Avenue.[13] He mastered the keyboard, piano, synthesizer, harmonium and guitar, and was particularly interested in the synthesizer because it was the "ideal combination of music and technology".[14] Rahman began his early musical training under Master Dhanraj,[15][16] and at age 11 began playing in the orchestra of Malayalam
Malayalam
composer (and close friend of his father) M. K. Arjunan.[17] He soon began working with other composers, such as M. S. Viswanathan, Ilaiyaraaja, Ramesh Naidu and Raj-Koti,[16] accompanied Zakir Hussain, Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan and L. Shankar
L. Shankar
on world tours and obtained a scholarship from Trinity College London to the Trinity College of Music.[11] Studying in Madras, Rahman graduated with a diploma in Western classical music from the school.[18] Rahman was introduced to Qadiri tariqa when his younger sister was seriously ill in 1984. His mother was a practicing Hindu.[19][20][21] At the age of 23, he converted to Islam with other members of his family in 1989, changing his name to Allahrakka Rahman (A. R. Rahman).[22][23][24][11][25] Career Soundtracks Rahman initially composed scores for documentaries and jingles for advertisements and Indian television channels. In 1987 Rahman, then still known as Dileep, composed jingles for a line of watches introduced by Allwyn.[26] He also arranged the jingles for some advertisements that went on to become very popular, including the popular jingle for Titan Watches, in which he used the theme from Mozart's Symphony no.25.[27][28][29]

Rahman (left) receiving a platinum award at the MagnaSound Awards; MagnaSound released his first film soundtrack, Roja, in 1992.

In 1992, he was approached by director Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
to compose the score and soundtrack for his Tamil film, Roja.[30][31] Rahman's film career began in 1992 when he started Panchathan Record Inn, a recording and mixing studio in his backyard. It would become the most-advanced recording studio in India,[30] and arguably one of Asia's most sophisticated and high-tech studios.[32] Cinematographer Santosh Sivan
Santosh Sivan
signed Rahman for his second film Yoddha, a Malayalam film starring Mohanlal
Mohanlal
and directed by Sivan's brother Sangeeth Sivan that released in September 1992. The following year, Rahman received the Rajat Kamal (Silver Lotus) award for best music director at the National Film Awards for Roja. The films' score was critically and commercially successful in its original and dubbed versions, led by the innovative theme "Chinna Chinna Aasai". Rahman followed this with successful scores and songs for Tamil–language films for the Chennai
Chennai
film industry, including Ratnam's politically-charged Bombay, the urban Kadhalan, Thiruda Thiruda and S. Shankar's debut film Gentleman (with its popular dance song, "Chikku Bukku Rayile").[33][34][35][36] Rahman collaborated with director Bharathiraaja on Kizhakku Cheemayile
Kizhakku Cheemayile
and Karuththamma, producing successful Tamil rural folk-inspired film songs; he also composed for K. Balachander's Duet, which had some memorable Saxophone themes.[37][38] The 1995 film Indira and romantic comedies Mr. Romeo and Love Birds also drew attention.[39][40][41] Rahman attracted a Japanese audience with Muthu's success there.[42] His soundtracks are known in the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
film industry and abroad for his versatility in combining Western classical music, Carnatic and Tamil traditional and folk-music traditions, jazz, reggae and rock music.[43][44][45][46] The soundtrack for Bombay sold 15 million copies worldwide,[47][8] and "Bombay Theme" would later reappear in his soundtrack for Deepa Mehta's Fire and a number of compilations and other media. It was featured in the 2002 Palestinian film Divine Intervention and the 2005 Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
film, Lord of War. Rangeela, directed by Ram Gopal Varma, was Rahman's Bollywood
Bollywood
debut.[48] Successful scores and songs for Dil Se..
Dil Se..
and the percussive Taal followed.[49][50] Sufi mysticism inspired "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from the former film and "Zikr" from his soundtrack album for Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero (which featured elaborate orchestral and choral arrangements).[25] Rahman's soundtrack album for the Chennai
Chennai
production Minsaara Kanavu won him his second National Film Award for Best Music Direction
National Film Award for Best Music Direction
and a South FilmFare Award for Best Music Direction in a Tamil film in 1997, the latter setting a record of six consecutive wins; he later went on to win the award three consecutive additional times. The musical cues in the soundtrack albums for Sangamam
Sangamam
and Iruvar
Iruvar
used Carnatic vocals, the veena, rock guitar and jazz.[51] During the 2000s, Rahman composed scores and popular songs for Rajiv Menon's Kandukondain Kandukondain, Alaipayuthey, Ashutosh Gowariker's Swades, Rang De Basanti[52] and songs with Hindustani motifs for 2005's Water. Rahman has worked with Indian poets and lyricists such as Javed Akhtar, Gulzar, Vairamuthu and Vaali, and has produced commercially successful soundtracks with directors Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
and S. Shankar (Gentleman, Kadhalan, Indian, Jeans, Mudhalvan, Nayak, Boys, Sivaji and Enthiran).[53] In 2005 Rahman expanded his Panchathan Record Inn studio by establishing AM Studios in Kodambakkam, Chennai, creating the most cutting-edge studio in Asia.[54][55] The following year he launched his own music label, KM Music,[56] with his score for Sillunu Oru Kaadhal.[57] Rahman scored the Mandarin-language film Warriors of Heaven and Earth in 2003 after researching and using Chinese and Japanese classical music,[58] and won the Just Plain Folks Music Award For Best Music Album for his score for 2006's Varalaru (God Father).[59] He co-scored Shekhar Kapur's first British film, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, in 2007[60] and received a Best Composer Asian Film Award nomination at the Hong Kong International Film Festival for his Jodhaa Akbar
Jodhaa Akbar
score.[61] Rahman's music has been sampled for other scores in India,[62] appearing in Inside Man, Lord of War, Divine Intervention and The Accidental Husband. His score for his first Hollywood film, the 2009 comedy Couples Retreat, won the BMI London Award for Best Score.[63] Rahman's music for 2008's Slumdog Millionaire
Slumdog Millionaire
won a Golden Globe and two Academy Awards (a first for an Asian), and the songs "Jai Ho" and "O... Saya" from its soundtrack were internationally successful. His music on 2008's Bollywood
Bollywood
Jaane Tu... Ya Jaane Na
Jaane Tu... Ya Jaane Na
was popular with Indian youth; that year, his score and songs for Jodhaa Akbar
Jodhaa Akbar
won critical acclaim, a Best Composer Asian Film Award nomination and IIFA awards for best music direction and score. In 2010, Rahman composed the original score and songs for the romantic Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa, the sci-fi romance Enthiran
Enthiran
and Danny Boyle's 127 Hours, composing for the Imtiaz Ali musical Rockstar; the latter's soundtrack was a critical and commercial success.[64] In 2012 Rahman composed for Ekk Deewana Tha and the American drama People Like Us,[65] and collaborated with director Yash Chopra
Yash Chopra
on Jab Tak Hai Jaan.[66] all were positively received.[67] By the end of the year his music for Mani Ratnam's Kadal was critically acclaimed, and the album topped the iTunes India chart for December.[68] In 2013, Rahman had two releases: Raanjhanaa and Maryan. Both were successful, with the former nominated for a number of awards[69][70][71] and the latter the iTunes India Tamil Album of 2013.[72] The year 2014 was one of the busiest years for Rahman, with him claiming to have worked in 12 films in various languages.[73] While his first release for the year was the Imtiaz Ali's road movie Highway which garnered positive reviews, his very next release was the performance captured animation film Kochadaiiyaan, a Rajinikanth starrer directed by Soundarya Rajinikanth. The film's score and soundtrack garnered huge critical appraise with its score being long-listed at the forthcoming Academy Awards.[74] His next were the scores for the two back to back Hollywood films, Million Dollar Arm and The Hundred Foot Journey, both of which got into the contended list for the original score category nomination at the Oscars. This was followed by the highly successful soundtrack album for the period drama Kaaviya Thalaivan teaming up with director Vasanthabalan for the first time. His next release was Shankar's supernatural thriller I and K. S. Ravikumar's period action film Lingaa, both of which were highly acclaimed and appreciated upon release. Background scores Apart from successful soundtracks, he has also received acclaim for his background scores and is considered one of the finest background-score composers in India.[75] His background scores are often characterised by the usage of subtle orchestration and ambient sounds.[75] Trained in western classical music, he often employs contemporary instruments such as Guitars, Cello, Flute, Strings, Keyboard, Finger board, Harpejji, Santoor and traditional Indian instruments such as Shehnai, Sitar, Mrudangam, Veenai & Tabla to create scores. Apart from getting favourable reviews, several of Rahman's background scores have earned him many prestigious awards ranging from Academy awards to Filmfare awards.[75][76] Some of the films which fetched him appreciations for background scores include Roja, Bombay, Iruvar, Minsara Kanavu, Dil Se.., Taal, Lagaan, The Legend of Bhagat Singh, Swades, Rang De Basanti, Bose: The Forgotten Hero, Guru, Jodhaa Akbar, Raavanan, Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa, Rockstar, Enthiran
Enthiran
,Kadal, Kochadaiiyaan
Kochadaiiyaan
and I. Among his Hollywood scores, Warriors of Heaven and Earth, Slumdog Millionaire, 127 Hours, Million Dollar Arm
Million Dollar Arm
and The Hundred-Foot Journey received rave reviews. A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
received two Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Slumdog Millionaire
Slumdog Millionaire
and two Academy Award nominations for 127 Hours. Recently, his scores for Kochadaiiyaan, Million Dollar Arm
Million Dollar Arm
and The Hundred-Foot Journey have been nominated in the long list released by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[77][78] In 2017 his Mersal (film)
Mersal (film)
music's background score has impressed one and all.[79] Performing and other projects

Rahman at the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize Concert

Rahman has also been involved in non-film projects. Vande Mataram, an album of original compositions released for India's 50th anniversary of its independence in 1997,[80][81][82] is one of India's bestselling non-film albums.[83] He followed it with an album for the Bharat Bala–directed video Jana Gana Mana, a collection of performances by leading exponents and artists of Indian classical music.[84] Rahman has written advertising jingles and orchestrations for athletic events, television and Internet media, documentaries and short films,[85] frequently using the Czech Film Orchestra and the Chennai Strings Orchestra. In 1999, Rahman partnered with choreographers Shobana
Shobana
and Prabhu Deva and a Tamil film-dancing troupe to perform with Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
in Munich, Germany at his Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
and Friends concert.[86] In 2002 he composed the music for his first stage production, Bombay Dreams, which was commissioned by Andrew Lloyd Webber.[87] The Finnish folk-music band Värttinä
Värttinä
collaborated with Rahman on the Toronto production of The Lord of the Rings, and in 2004[88] he composed "Raga's Dance" for Vanessa-Mae's album Choreography (performed by Mae and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra).[89]

A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
at Sufi Concert in Dubai

Since 2004 Rahman has performed three successful world tours before audiences in Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Dubai, the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States and India,[88][90] and has been collaborating with Karen David
Karen David
on her upcoming studio album. A two-disc CD, Introducing A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(featuring 25 of his Tamil film-score pieces), was released in May 2006[91] and his non-film album Connections was released on 12 December 2008.[92] Rahman performed at a White House
White House
state dinner arranged by US President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
during an official visit by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
on 24 November 2009.[93] He is one of over 70 artists on "We Are the World 25 for Haiti", a charity single to raise relief funds in the wake of the 2010 Haiti earthquake.[94] In 2010, Rahman composed "Jai Jai Garvi Gujarat" in honour of the 50th anniversary of the formation of Gujarat State,[95] "Semmozhiyaana Thamizh Mozhiyaam" as part of the World Classical Tamil Conference 2010,[96] and the theme song for the 2010 Commonwealth Games, "Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto".[97] Rahman began his first world tour, ( A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
Jai Ho Concert: The Journey Home World Tour) on 11 June 2010 at Nassau Coliseum
Nassau Coliseum
in New York; 16 cities worldwide were scheduled.[98] Some of Rahman's notable compositions were performed by the London Philharmonic Orchestra in April 2010.[99] In February 2011 Rahman collaborated with Michael Bolton
Michael Bolton
on Bolton's album, Gems – The Duets Collection,[100] reworking his "Sajna" from Couples Retreat.[101] On 20 May 2011 Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
announced the formation of a supergroup, SuperHeavy, with Dave Stewart, Joss Stone, Damian Marley
Damian Marley
and Rahman;[102] its self-titled album was scheduled for release in September 2011.[103] The album would have Jagger singing on Rahman's composition, "Satyameva Jayate" ("The Truth Alone Triumphs").[104] In January 2012 the Deutsches Filmorchester Babelsberg announced that it would join KM Music Conservatory musicians for a 100-member concert tour of five Indian cities (Germany and India 2011–2012: Infinite Opportunities), performing Rahman's songs. The marked the centennial of Indian cinema and Babelsberg Studio, the world's oldest film studio.[75] In Summer 2012 Rahman composed a Punjabi song for the London Olympics opening ceremony, directed by Danny Boyle, part of a medley showcasing Indian influence in the UK. Indian musician Ilaiyaraja's song from the 1981 Tamil-language film Ram Lakshman
Ram Lakshman
was also chosen for the medley.[105] In December 2012 Rahman and Shekhar Kapoor
Shekhar Kapoor
launched Qyuki, a networking site which is a platform for story writers to exchange their thoughts. Cisco invested ₹270 million in the startup, giving it a 17-percent share. Qyuki uses Cisco's cloud infrastructure for the site.[106][107][108] On 20 December he released the single "Infinite Love" in English and Hindi, commemorating the last day of the Mayan calendar to spread hope, peace and love. Rahman's 2013 tour, Rahmanishq, was announced on 29 July 2013 in Mumbai. Beginning in Sydney on 24 August, the tour moved to a number of cities in India.[109] In January 2016, after a long break A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
performed live in Chennai
Chennai
and for the first time in Coimbatore
Coimbatore
& Madurai, with a complete Tamil playlist. As the name suggests, Nenje Yezhu (which means rise up) began 2016 with a positive note and with music from the heart. The proceeds of this concert will be used for flood relief in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and also for creating awareness against cancer, supporting VS Medical Trust outside Chennai.[110][111][112] He was interviewed by Arnab Goswami
Arnab Goswami
of Republic TV
Republic TV
on 9 September 2017 for his outstanding achievements.[113][114] Musical style and impact Skilled in Karnatic music, Western and Hindustani classical music
Hindustani classical music
and the Qawwali
Qawwali
style of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Rahman is noted for film songs amalgamating elements of these and other genres, layering instruments from different musical idioms in an improvisational style.[25][115] Symphonic orchestral themes accompany his scores, occasionally using a leitmotif. During the 1980s Rahman recorded monaural arrangements in common with his musical predecessors, K. V. Mahadevan and Vishwanathan–Ramamoorthy. In later years his methodology changed, as he experimented with the fusion of traditional instruments with new electronic sounds and technology.[25][116] Rahman's musical interests and outlook originate in his love of experimentation. His compositions have an auteuristic use of counterpoint, orchestration and the human voice, melding Indian pop music with a unique timbre, form and instrumentation. With this syncretic style and wide-ranging lyrics, the appeal of Rahman's music crosses classes and cultures in Indian society.[117] His first soundtrack, for Roja, was listed on Time's all-time "10 Best Soundtracks" in 2005. Film critic Richard Corliss
Richard Corliss
said that the composer's "astonishing debut work parades Rahman's gift for alchemizing outside influences until they are totally Tamil, totally Rahman",[118] and his initial global success is attributed to the South Asian diaspora. Music producer Ron Fair considers Rahman "one of the world's great living composers in any medium".[119] Director Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
said:

I had come to the music of A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
through the emotional and haunting score of Bombay and the wit and celebration of Lagaan. But the more of AR's music I encountered the more I was to be amazed at the sheer diversity of styles: from swinging brass bands to triumphant anthems; from joyous pop to West-End musicals. Whatever the style, A. R. Rahman's music always possesses a profound sense of humanity and spirit, qualities that inspire me the most.[120]

Rahman introduced 7.1 surround sound technology to South Indian films.[121] On 21 May 2014 Rahman announced that he has partnered with former Black Eyed Peas’ Will.i.am
Will.i.am
to recreate an early popular track 'Urvashi Urvashi'. Track is 'Birthday'.[122] Personal life

Rahman and his wife, Saira Banu, at the 2010 soundtrack release of Enthiran
Enthiran
in Kuala Lumpur

Rahman is married to Saira Banu
Saira Banu
(not to be confused with actress Saira Banu) and has three children: Khatija, Rahima and Ameen.[123] Ameen has sung "NaNa" from Couples Retreat, and Khatija has sung "Pudhiya Manidha" from Enthiran.[124][125] Rahman is the uncle of composer G. V. Prakash Kumar, the son of his elder sister A. R. Reihana.[126] Rahman's younger sister, Fathima, heads his music conservatory in Chennai.[citation needed] The youngest, Ishrath, has a music studio. A.R.Rahman is the co-brother[definition needed] of film actor Rahman.[127] Born Hindu, Rahman converted to Islam when he was in his 20s. After the early death of his father, his family experienced difficult times; Sufism
Sufism
influenced his mother who was a practicing Hindu[19] and, eventually, his family.[23][128] During the 81st Academy Awards ceremony Rahman paid tribute to his mother: "There is a Hindi dialogue, mere pass ma hai, which means 'even if I have got nothing I have my mother here'."[129] He said, "Ella pughazhum iraivanukke" ("All praise to God" in Tamil, a translation from the Quran) before his speech.[130] Philanthropy Rahman is involved with a number of charitable causes. In 2004 he was appointed as the global ambassador of the Stop TB Partnership, a WHO project.[88] Rahman has supported Save the Children
Save the Children
India and worked with Yusuf Islam on "Indian Ocean", a song featuring a-ha keyboard player Magne Furuholmen
Magne Furuholmen
and Travis drummer Neil Primrose. Proceeds from the song went to help orphans in Banda Aceh
Banda Aceh
who were affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.[131] He produced the single "We Can Make It Better" by Don Asian with Mukhtar Sahota.[132] In 2008 Rahman opened the KM Music Conservatory with an audio-media education facility to train aspiring musicians in vocals, instruments, music technology and sound design. The conservatory (with prominent musicians on staff and a symphony orchestra) is located near his studio in Kodambakkam, Chennai
Chennai
and offers courses at several levels. Violinist L. Subramaniam
L. Subramaniam
is on its advisory board.[133] Several of Rahman's proteges from the studio have scored feature films.[134] He composed the theme music for a 2006 short film for The Banyan to aid poor women in Chennai.[135] In 2008 Rahman and noted percussionist Sivamani
Sivamani
created a song, "Jiya Se Jiya", inspired by the Free Hugs Campaign
Free Hugs Campaign
and promoted it with a video filmed in a number of Indian cities for a cause.[136] Discography Main article: A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
discography Part of this section is transcluded from A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
discography. (edit history) The following table lists A. R. Rahman's known soundtrack album sales in India, including Tamil and Bollywood
Bollywood
music albums.

Year Soundtrack
Soundtrack
album Sales Note(s)

1995 Bombay 15,000,000 Tamil Hindi[47]

1995 Rangeela 10,000,000 Hindi[137]

1998 Dil Se.. 6,000,000 Hindi-Urdu[138][139] Tamil[139]

1993 / 1994 Gentleman / The Gentleman 4,300,000 Gentleman (Tamil) – 300,000[140] The Gentleman (Hindi) – 4,000,000[137]

1999 Taal 4,000,000 Hindi[141]

2001 Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India 3,500,000 Hindi[142]

1992 Roja 3,000,000 Tamil – 200,000[143] Hindi
Hindi
– 2,800,000[141]

2000 / 2002 Alaipayuthey / Saathiya 2,600,000 Alaipayuthey (Tamil) – 600,000[144] Saathiya (Hindi) – 2,000,000[145][146]

1994 Humse Hai Muqabala 2,500,000 Hindi[141]

1997 Sapnay 2,500,000

2000 Fiza 2,500,000 Hindi[145]

1996 Indian / Hindustani 2,400,000 Indian (Tamil) – 600,000[147] Hindustani (Hindi) – 1,800,000[141]

1997 Daud 2,000,000 Hindi[141]

2008 Slumdog Millionaire: Music from the Motion Picture 2,000,000 English Hindi[148]

2005 Rang De Basanti 1,900,000 Hindi[145]

2008 Ghajini 1,900,000

1998 Jeans 1,800,000 Hindi[141]

1999 / 2000 Mudhalvan
Mudhalvan
/ Nayak: The Real Hero 1,700,000 Mudhalvan
Mudhalvan
(Tamil) – 300,000[149] Nayak (Hindi) – 1,400,000[145]

2008 Jaane Tu... Ya Jaane Na 1,500,000 Hindi[145]

2004 Swades 1,300,000 Hindi[145]

Kisna: The Warrior Poet 1,200,000

2006 Guru 1,150,000

2008 Jodhaa Akbar 1,100,000 Hindi-Urdu[150][145]

2010 Komaram Puli 760,000 Telugu[151]

2000 Kandukondain Kandukondain 400,000 Tamil

Rhythm 350,000

2007 Sivaji 248,000 Tamil[152]

2002 Bombay Dreams 150,000 English[142]

2003 Boys 60,000 Tamil[147]

2010 Enthiran 25,000 Tamil[149]

Total sales 200,000,000 [8]

Awards Main article: List of awards and nominations received by A. R. Rahman Rahman was the 1995 recipient of the Mauritius National Award and the Malaysian Award for his contributions to music,[153] and was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Award for his first West End production. A four-time National Film Award winner and recipient of six Tamil Nadu State Film Awards, he has fifteen Filmfare Awards and sixteen Filmfare Awards South for his music.[153] Rahman has received a Kalaimamani from the Government of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
for excellence in the field of music, musical-achievement awards from the governments of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh and a Padma Shri from the Government of India.[154] In 2006, he received an award from Stanford University
Stanford University
for his contributions to global music.[155] The following year, Rahman entered the Limca Book of Records as "Indian of the Year for Contribution to Popular Music".[156] He received the 2008 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Rotary Club of Madras.[157] In 2009, for his Slumdog Millionaire score, Rahman won the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award, the Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Original Score,[158] the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music and two Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(Best Original Score and Best Original Song, the latter shared with Gulzar) at the 81st Academy Awards. He has received honorary doctorates from Middlesex University, Aligarh Muslim University,[159][160] Anna University
Anna University
in Chennai
Chennai
and Miami University in Ohio.[161] The composer has won two Grammy Awards: Best Compilation Soundtrack
Soundtrack
Album and Best Song Written for Visual Media.[162] Rahman received the Padma Bhushan, India's third-highest civilian honour, in 2010.[163] His work in 127 Hours won him Golden Globe, BAFTA, and two Academy Award nominations (Best Original Music Score and Best Original Song) in 2011.[164][165][166] Rahman is an Honorary Fellow of the Trinity College of Music.[167] On 24 October 2014 Rahman was awarded an honorary doctorate from Berklee College of Music
Berklee College of Music
during a concert paying tribute to his music featuring an international cast of students. Upon receiving his award he commented that being honored by Berklee illustrates how his life has come full circle, as at the start of his career, he had planned to study at Berklee before being offered the opportunity to score Roja.[168] During his 7 May 2012 acceptance speech of his honorary doctorate from Miami University
Miami University
in Ohio, Rahman mentioned that he received a Christmas card from the family of the President of the United States and an invitation to dinner at the White House.[169] A street was named in his honour in Markham, Ontario, Canada in November 2013.[170] On 4 October 2015, the government of Seychelles named A. R. Rahman Cultural Ambassador for Seychelles in appreciation of the "invaluable services contributed to enhance Seychelles' Arts and Culture development."[171] See also

A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
portal

A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
– book List of films directed by Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
featuring A. R. Rahman

References

^ "AR Rahman Feels 'Happy and Honoured' with Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
Win". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 29 November 2016.  ^ "The 2009 TIME 100 – A.R. Rahman". Time. 30 April 2009. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ " A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
named in Songlines Tomorrow's World Music Icons'". ARC Music. Retrieved 24 August 2011.  ^ Corliss, Richard (25 April 2004). "The Mozart of Madras". Time. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "Hollywood calling Rahman". Hindustan Times. India. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2016.  ^ " A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
opens online store". Deccan Herald. India. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2011.  ^ Richard Corliss
Richard Corliss
(3 May 2004). "Culture: The Mozart of Madras". Time. Retrieved 3 February 2010.  ^ a b c Das Gupta, Surajeet; Sen, Soumik. "Composing a winning score". Rediff. Archived from the original on 15 October 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2008.  ^ DUTTAGUPTA, ISHANI (14 May 2017). "How virtual reality pushed AR Rahman towards 'multi-sensory' filmmaking". The Economic Times. Retrieved 13 July 2017.  ^ "Rahman's childhood". hindilyrics.net. Retrieved 19 April 2011.  ^ a b c "A R Rahman: In tune with life". The Times of India. 30 September 2002. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "Biography". hummaa.com. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.  ^ Ganti, T. "Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi
Hindi
Cinema": 112. ISBN 0-415-28854-1.  ^ "The Secret behind the Allure of A. R. Rahman". Khabar. Retrieved 12 March 2014.  ^ "Training under dhanraj master". Indiaglitz.com. Retrieved 20 April 2011.  ^ a b "Indian under spotlight". indiansinparis.com. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.  ^ "Film fraternity hails Rahman, Pookutty for win". The Indian Express. India. 23 February 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2009.  ^ Wax, Emily (9 February 2009). "'Slumdog' Composer's Crescendo of a Career". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 November 2010.  ^ a b "How AS Dileep Kumar converted to Islam to become AR Rahman". Dawn.  ^ "The Complete Biography of A.R.Rahman".  ^ "AR Rahman turns 47". The Times of India
The Times of India
Music. Retrieved 21 January 2017.  ^ Kabir, Nasreen Munni. A.R. Rahman: The Spirit of Music. Om Books International. ISBN 9789380070148. Retrieved 11 March 2016.  ^ a b AR Rahman talks about his Conversion to Islam. Chennai: YouTube. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "Time for A.R. Rahman's 'ghar wapsi', says VHP". The Hindu. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2016.  ^ a b c d Rangan, Baradwaj; Suhasini, Lalitha (2008). "AR Rahman: The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
interview". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 16 November 2008.  ^ "A.R.Rahaman - Career". A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
- Official website. A. R. Rahman. Retrieved 6 May 2016.  ^ Sudhish Kamath. "Look what's brewing". The Hindu.  ^ "The Hindu: Breaking News, India News, Elections, Bollywood, Cricket, Video, Latest News & Live Updates". The Hindu.  ^ " Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
/ Chennai
Chennai
News : Study at Rajiv Menon's institute". The Hindu. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 4 February 2012.  ^ a b Eur, Andy Gregory. "The International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002": 419–420.  ^ Purie, Aroon (1994). "A.R. Rahman: Prodigious Debut". India Today. Living Media. 29 (1–6): 153.  ^ "An Interview with A.R. Rahman". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on 8 February 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ Culshaw, Peter (6 February 2009). "Interview with AR Rahman, the composer behind the Slumdog Millionaire
Slumdog Millionaire
soundtrack". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 24 February 2011.  ^ "Work of the magic and other musicians". Global Rhythm. New York: World Marketing Inc. 11 (7–12): 11. 1995. ISSN 1553-9814. OCLC 50137257. His first assignment was to write the music for Ratman's film, Roja. Subsequent films that established AR Rahman as the genius of Tamil film music included Pudhiya Mugam with director Suresh Menon and Gentleman with Shankar  ^ John Shepherd (2005). Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world. 3–7. London/New York: Continuum. pp. 80–81. ISBN 0-8264-6321-5. OCLC 444486924. ISBN 978-0-8264-6321-0, ISBN 0-8264-6322-3, ISBN 978-0-8264-6322-7, ISBN 0-8264-7436-5, ISBN 978-0-8264-7436-0. Music directors such as AR Rahman and Karthik Raja produce film scores that are more eclectic, incorporating rap, jazz, reggae, hard rock and fast dance beats ( as, for example, for Duet [1994], Kadhalan
Kadhalan
[1994] and Bombay [1995]).  ^ Purie, Aroon (1995). "A.R. Rahman: Music The New Wave". India Today. Living Media. 20 (1–6): 11.  ^ K. Naresh Kumar (1995). Indian cinema : ebbs and tides. 26–27. New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications. p. 135. ISBN 978-81-241-0344-9. OCLC 33444588.  ^ World Saxophone Congress. North American Saxophone Alliance (2001). "The saxophone symposium : journal of the North American Saxophone Alliance". 26–27. Greenville: North American Saxophone Alliance: 78–85. ISSN 0271-3705. OCLC 5190155. The famous South Indian film music director AR Rahman invited [ Kadri Gopalnath
Kadri Gopalnath
] to work on the music for a major South Indian film. Rahman, a new music director, writes music that brings a more cosmopolitan feel to Indian cinema, and he was open to ...  ^ Purie, Aroon (1996). "Music love birds". India Today. Living Media. 21 (1–6): 195. ISSN 0254-8399. OCLC 2675526. AR Rahman's latest offering is a heavy dose of synthesiser and percussion sprinkled with rap. "No Problem" by Apache Indian
Apache Indian
is the selling point.  ^ Kasbekar, Asha (2006). Pop Culture India!: Media, Arts and Lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. p. 215. ISBN 978-1-85109-636-7. Songs play as important a part in South Indian films and some South Indian music directors such as A. R. Rehman and Ilyaraja have an enthusiastic national and even international following  ^ Chaudhuri, S. " Cinema of South India
Cinema of South India
and Sri Lanka". Contemporary World Cinema: Europe, the Middle East, East Asia and South Asia. p. 149. Now the South is believed to excel the North in many respects, including its colour labs, state of the art digital technology and sound processing facilities (which have improved the dubbing of Tamil and other South Indian languages into Hindi
Hindi
since the 1970s).  ^ Prasad, Ayappa (2003). "Films don't believe in borders". Screen. Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2008.  ^ Purie, Aroon (1995). "A. R. Rahman: Music The New Wave". India Today. Living Media. 20 (1–6): 11. Now, two years later, AR Rahman looks like he is here to stay, with his digitalised sound based on pop-rock and reggae and fused with traditional Indian – mainly Carnatic – folk idioms. The supreme irony: he used to play keyboards in ...  ^ Ramaswamy, V. "Historical Dictionary of the Tamils": 199.  ^ Chaudhuri, S. " Cinema of South India
Cinema of South India
and Sri Lanka". Contemporary World Cinema: Europe, the Middle East, East Asia and South Asia. p. 149. Southern filmmakers like Mani Ratnam, Ram Gopal Varma
Ram Gopal Varma
and Priyadarshan
Priyadarshan
have altered the profile of Indian 'national' cinema. So too have southern specialists ... cinematographers Santosh Sivan, P. C. Sreeram
P. C. Sreeram
and music composer A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
who formed a highly successful team with Ratnam and have all attained star status in their own right  ^ Brégeat, Raïssa (1995). Indomania: le cinéma indien des origines à nos jours (in French). Paris: Cinémathèque française. p. 133. ISBN 978-2-900596-14-2. AR Rahman (Roja, Bombay), entre autres, exigent aujourd'hui les cachets les plus gros jamais payés à un directeur musical  ^ a b "The "Mozart of Madras" AR Rahman is Performing LIVE in Australia". SBS. 14 February 2017.  ^ Purie, Aroon (1995). "French Connection". India Today. Living Media. 20 (13–18): 156.  ^ Stafford, Roy. Understanding Audiences and the Film Industry. London: British Film Institute. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-84457-141-3.  ^ Arnold, Alison (2000). "Film music in the late Twentieth century". The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Taylor & Francis. p. 540. ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1. The recent success of the Tamil film music director A. R. Rehman in achieving widespread popularity in the world of Hindi
Hindi
film music is now possibly opening doors to new South-North relationships and collaborations  ^ "The A R Rahman Chat". Rediff
Rediff
on the Net. Rediff. 17 August 1998. Archived from the original on 16 December 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.  ^ Velayutham, Selvaraj (2008). Tamil Cinema: The Cultural Politics of India's Other Film Industry. p. 6.  ^ Ganti, T. "Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi
Hindi
Cinema": 112. Rehman became a major star with his hit music in Roja
Roja
followed by hit scores for Mani Ratnam's and Shankar's films in Tamil.  ^ "Film Composer A.R. Rahman Selects Bag End Bass Speakers". Mix. 7 June 2006. Archived from the original on 16 December 2008. Retrieved 18 November 2008.  ^ Omkar, Ashanti (March 2008). "Interview with A. R. Rahman". The Score Magazine. 1 (1). Chennai.  ^ Maria Verghis, Shana (11 August 2006). "A R Rahman Interview". The Pioneer. New Delhi.  ^ "Cine Scope" (PDF). Tamil Guardian. 19 October 2005. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015.  ^ Savita Gautham (23 October 2003). "Chinese rhapsody". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "2009 Just Plain Folks Music Awards Album Winners". Just Plain Folks Music Awards. 2009.  ^ "Mover and Shekhar". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 23 November 2007. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ " Asian Film Awards 2009". 3rd Asian Film Awards. 6 February 2009. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2011.  ^ " Cinemaya
Cinemaya
1998". Cinemaya
Cinemaya
(39–41). New Delhi. 1998. p. 9. ISSN 0970-8782. OCLC 19234070. However, the song was lifted by a whole range of well-known music directors from Bombay so much so that the original composition in Tamil by AR Rahman ...  ^ "A.R. Rahman Picks Up BMI Film Award in London". Broadcast Music Inc. 2 November 2010.  ^ "Rockstar's rocking on". The Times of India. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2011.  ^ "'People Like Us' Soundtrack
Soundtrack
Features A New Liz Phair Song Penned For The Film + Poster & New Photo". indieWIRE. 14 May 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.  ^ Kunal M Shah (17 May 2011). " Yash Chopra
Yash Chopra
signs Rahman". Times of India. Retrieved 11 October 2012.  ^ Joginder Tuteja. "Jab Tak Hai Jaan Music Review". Retrieved 10 October 2012.  ^ "Kadal's audio takes pole position on iTunes". 123Telugu. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ "59th Idea Filmfare Awards Nominations". 14 January 2014.  ^ "FILM MUSIC NOMINEES". 18 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014.  ^ "Screen Awards 2014: The complete list of nominees". CNN-IBN. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014.  ^ "Maryan Tops iTunes List for 2013". New Indian Express. Retrieved 12 March 2014.  ^ "2014 has been a busy year for me: AR Rahman". The Times of India. 31 December 2014.  ^ "'AR Rahman's Kochadaiyaan in the nomination list of OSCAR'". moviecrow. 13 December 2014.  ^ a b c d "Biography". AR Rahman. Retrieved 12 March 2014.  ^ "A.R. Rahman Awards IMDb".  ^ AR Rahman gets nominated for three films in 87th Oscar longlist - Firstpost ^ A R Rahman Features Thrice on Oscar Longlist, Sonu Nigam Gets a Spot - NDTV
NDTV
Movies ^ http://english.tupaki.com/movienews/article/Rahman-Superb-Back-Ground-Music-For-Vijay-Mersal-Movie/61037 ^ "A Song for India". India Today. 1 September 1997. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ Allen, John; Uck Lun Chun; Allen Chun; Ned Rossiter; Brian Shoesmith. "Refashioning Pop Music in Asia": 67.  ^ "A. R. Rahman: Summary Biography". A. R. Rahman: A Biography. November 2002. Retrieved 15 February 2007. Particularly impressed with Vande Mataram, Jeremy Spencer, formerly of Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
stated that Rahman was the only Indian composer he knew about and liked.  ^ Salma Khatib (22 September 2000). "Indi-pop: Down But Not Out". Screen India. Archived from the original on 20 January 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2011.  ^ "The Making of the Jana Gana Mana". Rediff. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "A. R. Rahman: Summary Discography". A. R. Rahman: Complete Discography. November 2002. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ Nydia Dias (17 August 2001). "A R Rahman joins hands with Michael Jackson". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ Madhur Tankha (24 August 2007). "Rahman to talk about his Bombay Dreams". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ a b c Iyer, Vijay. "A. R. Rahman". lotr.com. Archived from the original on 25 October 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2008.  ^ "Mae goes the raga way". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 20 November 2004. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ Chander, Bhuvana (19 April 2006). "Tamil Cinema" (PDF). Tamil Guardian. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2010.  ^ Unterberger, Richie (2006). "Introducing A.R. Rahman: Original Soundtracks From the Musical Genius of Indian Cinema". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "Listen, it's got Connections". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 January 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ Chris Richards (24 November 2009). "Indian composer A.R. Rahman to perform at state dinner". The Washington Post.  ^ "Rahman part of historic remake of We are the World". The Indian Express. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "Gujarat turns 50 in style". The Times of India. 2 May 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2010.  ^ Ramya Kannan (16 May 2010). "I initially wondered how I was going to do it: A.R. Rahman". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ Lasyapriya Sundaram (28 August 2010). "Rahman's CWG theme song finally released". IBN Live. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "A.R. Rahman Jai Ho Concert: The Journey Home World Tour". A. R. Rahman Official Website. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2016.  ^ Sarfraz Manzoor (2 April 2010). "A new level of recognition, legitimacy: Rahman". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "Bolton Collaborates with Rahman for New Album". Outlook. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2016.  ^ "Rahman's Sajna in Michael Bolton's album". Sify. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.  ^ Greene, Andy (20 May 2011). " Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
Forms Supergroup with Dave Stewart, Joss Stone, A R Rahman and Damian Marley". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2011.  ^ "Mick Jagger's SuperHeavy
SuperHeavy
Supergroup to Drop Album in September". Billboard. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  ^ Mick Jagger's 'SuperHeavy' album to release in September, Zeenews  ^ "AR Rahman's Punjabi Track To Rock Olympics Inaugural". The Times of India. 30 June 2012.  ^ SiliconIndia (27 February 2014). "The Entrepreneurial Side Of Bollywood
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Slumdog Millionaire
Oscars". The Hindu. Chennai. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2016.  ^ "Front Page: Great composer, greater human feted". The Hindu. Chennai. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2010.  ^ Williamson, Nigel (17 November 2006). "The Billboard Q and A: Yusuf Islam". Billboard. Interview with Yusuf Islam; Return to Music. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "A.R. Rahman Hollywood Bowl". www.hollywoodbowl.com. Retrieved 4 August 2016. [not in citation given] ^ "Rahman's music conservatory in June". Screen. Archived from the original on 18 December 2008.  ^ "Briefly Tamil Cinema". Tamil Guardian. 19 April 2006. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2016.  ^ Sudhish Kamath (31 January 2006). "Netru, Indru, Nalai is back with a bang". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 12 May 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "Rahman advocates free hugs for peace". Daily News and Analysis. 15 December 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ a b "Making Music Like Ne'er Before". Outlook. 13 March 1996.  ^ Basu, Anustup (2010). Bollywood
Bollywood
in the Age of New Media: The Geo-televisual Aesthetic: The Geo-televisual Aesthetic. Edinburgh University Press. p. 164. ISBN 9780748643233.  ^ a b "Rahman @ 25". CNN-News18. CNN International. 8 September 2017.  ^ "Audio tape producers ride crest of Bollywoods music boom, composers become stars". India Today. 30 November 1993.  ^ a b c d e f "Music Hits 1990-1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January 2010.  ^ a b Surajeet Das Gupta, Soumik Sen. "A R Rahman: Composing a winning score". Rediff. Retrieved 2002-09-21.  ^ "A.R. Rahman makes history with record breaking audio cassette sales of his debut film Roja". India Today. 15 January 1994.  ^ Kamath, Vinay (25 August 2000). "Gramophone pitch gets louder in the South – Acquires rights for Telugu songs from Sea Records". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g "Music Hits 2000-2009 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 5 February 2010.  ^ "Film producers float their own music firms". The Times of India. 11 November 2011.  ^ a b "Singing a different tune". The Hindu. 3 July 2003.  ^ "'Slumdog Millionaire' soundtrack sells 2 million units". Neapolitan Music. Retrieved 28 November 2017.  ^ a b "Digital music sales up, but labels continue making CDs to publicise films". The Times of India. 11 November 2011.  ^ Deshmukh, Ashwini (9 August 2007). "Mashallah: Hrithik learns Urdu". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "'Komaram Puli' audio creates latest record!". way2movies. 16 July 2010.  ^ "Sivaji audio – first week report – with statistics". Behindwoods. 11 April 2007.  ^ a b "The golden boy of Indian music A R Rahman turns 44". The Times of India. Times Now. 6 January 2010.  ^ "Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri awardees". The Hindu. 26 January 2000. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ Prakash, B.S. (6 July 2006). " Stanford University
Stanford University
honours A R Rahman". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2008.  ^ "Limca Book
Book
of records felicitates A.R. Rahman". Radioandmusic.com. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "A R Rahman Honored". Indiaglitz. 4 June 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2011.  ^ "66th Annual Golden Globe Awards". IMDb. Archived from the original on 14 December 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2008.  ^ "More laurels for Rahman". The Hindu. Chennai. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2016.  ^ "Rahman to be conferred honorary doctorate by AMU". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 26 May 2009. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2009.  ^ "Rahman to be awarded honorary doctorate". The Hindu. 3 March 2009. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2016.  ^ "India's A.R. Rahman strikes Grammys gold". Agence France-Presse. 2010. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2010.  ^ " Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
for Rahman, Aamir; Segal gets Padma Vibhushan". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 29 November 2016.  ^ " 127 Hours gets AR Rahman 2 Oscar nominations". Daily News and Analysis. India. 25 January 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2011.  ^ "Rahman gets BAFTA nomination for 127 Hours". Hindustan Times. India: Indo-Asian News Service. 18 January 2011. Archived from the original on 19 January 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2011.  ^ "The 68th Annual Golden Globe Award". Golden Globe Award. 14 December 2010. Archived from the original on 25 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010.  ^ Ashanti Omkar, A.R. Rahman (13 January 2010). A.R Rahman interview 2010 part 1 – Vinnaithandi Varuvaayaa (VTV) – Thai Pongal special (Web interview). London, UK: Thamarai.com.  ^ Hirsch, Mark. "With Berklee Honorary Degree, A.R. Rahman Comes Full Circle". bostonglobe.com. Boston Globe. Retrieved 29 October 2014.  ^ Miami University
Miami University
Doctorate ^ "Now a street named after AR Rahman in Canada". 6 November 2013. Firstpost.com. Retrieved 27 November 2013.  ^ "A.R. Rahman - Mobile Uploads Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 

Notes

"Malaysian ARR concert success, still leave some fans disappointed". INA Daily News.  Allen, John; Uck Lun Chun; Allen Chun; Ned Rossiter; Brian Shoesmith (2004). Refashioning Pop Music in Asia. USA: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7007-1401-8.  Arnold, Alison (2000). The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1.  Brégeat, Raïssa (1995). Indomania: le cinéma indien des origines à nos jours (in French). Paris: Cinémathèque française. p. 133. ISBN 978-2-900596-14-2.  " Cinemaya
Cinemaya
1998". Cinemaya. New Delhi (39–41): 9. 1998. ISSN 0970-8782. OCLC 19234070.  Chaudhuri, Shohini (2005). " Cinema of South India
Cinema of South India
and Sri Lanka". Contemporary World Cinema: Europe, the Middle East, East Asia and South Asia. Edinburgh: Edinburgh
Edinburgh
University Press. ISBN 0-7486-1799-X.  Cowie, Peter (1994). "Variety International Film Guide 1995". Variety (31st ed.). London/Hollywood: 204. ISBN 978-0-600-58516-9. OCLC 221419104.  " Cinemaya
Cinemaya
1998". Cinemaya. New Delhi (39–41): 9. 1998. ISSN 0970-8782. OCLC 19234070.  Eur, Andy Gregory (2002). "A. R. Rahman". The International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-85743-161-2.  Ganti, Tejaswini (2004). Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-28854-1.  Ramaswamy, Vijaya (2007). Historical Dictionary of the Tamils. Michigan: The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-5379-5.  Shepherd, John (2005). Continuum encyclopaedia of popular music of the world. 3–7. London, New York: Continuum. pp. 80–81. ISBN 0-8264-6321-5. OCLC 444486924. ISBN 978-0-8264-6321-0 ISBN 0-8264-6322-3, ISBN 978-0-8264-6322-7, ISBN 0-8264-7436-5, ISBN 978-0-8264-7436-0.  Slobin, Mark; Gregory Booth; Joseph Getter; B. Balasubrahmaniyan (2008). "Tamil Film Music: Sound and Significance". Global soundtracks: worlds of film music. USA: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 978-0-8195-6881-6. ISBN 0-8195-6881-3 ISBN 978-0-8195-6882-3, ISBN 0-8195-6882-1.  Terska Ciecko, Anne (2006). Contemporary Asian Cinema: Popular culture in a Global Frame. Berg: Berg Publishers. ISBN 1-84520-237-6.  Todd Titon, Jeff; Linda Fujie; David Locke; David P. McAllester (2005). "India/South India". Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples. USA: Thomson Shirmer. ISBN 978-0-534-62757-7.  Todd Titon, Jeff (2009). "India/South India". Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples (5th ed.). USA: Schirmer Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-534-59539-5. ISBN 0-534-59539-1.  Velayutham, Selvaraj (2008). Tamil Cinema: The Cultural Politics of India's Other Film Industry. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-39680-6.  Vishwanathan, T.; Matthew Harp-Allen (2004). Music in South India: The Karṇāṭak Concert Tradition and Beyond : Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture. USA: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-514591-5. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to A. R. Rahman.

Official website A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
at AllMusic A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
at Billboard.com A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
on IMDb A.R. Rahman Interview NAMM Oral History Program (2013)

v t e

A. R. Rahman

Discography Awards and nominations

Studio albums

Vande Mataram (1997) Jana Gana Mana (2000) Connections (2008) Raunaq (2014)

Soundtracks

Tamil

Roja
Roja
(1992) Gentleman (1993) Thiruda Thiruda
Thiruda Thiruda
(1993) Duet (1994) May Madham (1994) Kadhalan
Kadhalan
(1994) Bombay (1995) Indira (1995) Muthu (1995) Love Birds (1996) Indian (1996) Kadhal Desam (1996) Mr. Romeo
Mr. Romeo
(1996) Minsara Kanavu
Minsara Kanavu
(1997) Iruvar
Iruvar
(1997) Ratchagan (1997) Jeans (1998) En Swasa Kaatre (1999) Padayappa (1999) Kadhalar Dhinam (1999) Sangamam
Sangamam
(1999) Jodi (1999) Mudhalvan
Mudhalvan
(1999) Taj Mahal (1999) Alaipayuthey (2000) Kandukondain Kandukondain
Kandukondain Kandukondain
(2000) Rhythm (2000) Thenali (2000) Star (2001) Paarthale Paravasam (2001) Kannathil Muthamittal (2002) Baba (2002) Kadhal Virus (2002) Boys (2003) Enakku 20 Unakku 18 (2003) Kangalal Kaidhu Sei (2003) Udhaya (2004) Aaytha Ezhuthu (2004) New (2004) Anbe Aaruyire (2005) Sillunu Oru Kaadhal
Sillunu Oru Kaadhal
(2005) Varalaru (2005) Sivaji (2007) Azhagiya Thamizh Magan (2007) Sakkarakatti (2008) Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa
Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa
(2010) Raavanan
Raavanan
(2010) Enthiran
Enthiran
(2010) Kadal (2012) Maryan (2013) Kochadaiiyaan
Kochadaiiyaan
(2014) Kaaviya Thalaivan (2014) Lingaa
Lingaa
(2014) I (2015) O Kadhal Kanmani (2015) 24 (2016) Achcham Yenbadhu Madamaiyada (2016) Kaatru Veliyidai (2017) Mersal (2017)

Bollywood

Lagaan
Lagaan
(2001) Rang De Basanti
Rang De Basanti
(2006) Guru (2007) Delhi-6 (2009) Blue (2009) Raavan (2010) Jhootha Hi Sahi (2010) Rockstar (2011) Ekk Deewana Tha (2012) Jab Tak Hai Jaan (2012) Raanjhanaa (2013) Highway (2014) Lekar Hum Deewana Dil (2014) Tamasha (2015)

South Indian

Yoddha (1992) Puli (2010) Ye Maaya Chesave (2010) Godfather (2012)

International

Bombay Dreams
Bombay Dreams
(2002) Water (2005) Lord of the Rings (2006) Slumdog Millionaire
Slumdog Millionaire
(2008) Couples Retreat
Couples Retreat
(2009) 127 Hours (2010) People like Us (2012) Million Dollar Arm
Million Dollar Arm
(2014) The Hundred-Foot Journey (2014) Muhammad: The Messenger of God (2015) Viceroy's House (2017)

Live albums

Classic Incantations
Classic Incantations
(2012)

Concert tours

A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
Jai Ho Concert: The Journey Home World Tour (2010)

Related articles

SuperHeavy "Jai Ho! (You Are My Destiny)" (2009) "It's My Birthday" (2014)

Book Category Portal

Awards for A. R. Rahman

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Song

1934–1940

"The Continental"

Music: Con Conrad Lyrics: Herb Magidson (1934)

"Lullaby of Broadway"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Al Dubin (1935)

"The Way You Look Tonight"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
(1936)

"Sweet Leilani"

Music and lyrics: Harry Owens
Harry Owens
(1937)

"Thanks for the Memory"

Music: Ralph Rainger Lyrics: Leo Robin (1938)

"Over the Rainbow"

Music: Harold Arlen Lyrics: E. Y. Harburg (1939)

"When You Wish Upon a Star"

Music: Leigh Harline Lyrics: Ned Washington (1940)

1941–1950

"The Last Time I Saw Paris"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1941)

"White Christmas"

Music and lyrics: Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1942)

"You'll Never Know"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Mack Gordon
Mack Gordon
(1943)

"Swinging on a Star"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Johnny Burke (1944)

"It Might as Well Be Spring"

Music: Richard Rodgers Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1945)

"On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1946)

"Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah"

Music: Allie Wrubel Lyrics: Ray Gilbert (1947)

"Buttons and Bows"

Music: Jay Livingston Lyrics: Ray Evans (1948)

"Baby, It's Cold Outside"

Music and lyrics: Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
(1949)

"Mona Lisa"

Music and lyrics: Ray Evans and Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
(1950)

1951–1960

"In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening"

Music: Hoagy Carmichael Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1951)

" High Noon
High Noon
(Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin')"

Music: Dimitri Tiomkin Lyrics: Ned Washington (1952)

"Secret Love"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1953)

"Three Coins in the Fountain"

Music: Jule Styne Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1954)

"Love Is a Many Splendored Thing"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1955)

"Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)"

Music and lyrics: Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
and Ray Evans (1956)

"All the Way"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1957)

"Gigi"

Music: Frederick Loewe Lyrics: Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958)

"High Hopes"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1959)

"Never on Sunday"

Music and lyrics: Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis
(1960)

1961–1970

"Moon River"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1961)

"Days of Wine and Roses"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1962)

"Call Me Irresponsible"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1963)

"Chim Chim Cher-ee"

Music and lyrics: Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman
Robert B. Sherman
(1964)

"The Shadow of Your Smile"

Music: Johnny Mandel Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1965)

"Born Free"

Music: John Barry Lyrics: Don Black (1966)

" Talk
Talk
to the Animals"

Music and lyrics: Leslie Bricusse (1967)

"The Windmills of Your Mind"

Music: Michel Legrand Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968)

"Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head"

Music: Burt Bacharach Lyrics: Hal David
Hal David
(1969)

"For All We Know"

Music: Fred Karlin Lyrics: Robb Royer
Robb Royer
and Jimmy Griffin (1970)

1971–1980

"Theme from Shaft"

Music and lyrics: Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
(1971)

"The Morning After"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1972)

"The Way We Were"

Music: Marvin Hamlisch Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973)

"We May Never Love Like This Again"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1974)

"I'm Easy"

Music and lyrics: Keith Carradine
Keith Carradine
(1975)

"Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"

Music: Barbra Streisand Lyrics: Paul Williams (1976)

"You Light Up My Life"

Music and lyrics: Joseph Brooks (1977)

"Last Dance"

Music and lyrics: Paul Jabara
Paul Jabara
(1978)

"It Goes Like It Goes"

Music: David Shire Lyrics: Norman Gimbel (1979)

"Fame"

Music: Michael Gore Lyrics: Dean Pitchford (1980)

1981–1990

"Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)"

Music and lyrics: Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen (1981)

"Up Where We Belong"

Music: Jack Nitzsche
Jack Nitzsche
and Buffy Sainte-Marie Lyrics: Will Jennings (1982)

"Flashdance... What a Feeling"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Keith Forsey and Irene Cara (1983)

"I Just Called to Say I Love You"

Music and lyrics: Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1984)

"Say You, Say Me"

Music and lyrics: Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985)

"Take My Breath Away"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Tom Whitlock (1986)

"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"

Music: Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz Lyrics: Franke Previte (1987)

"Let the River Run"

Music and lyrics: Carly Simon
Carly Simon
(1988)

"Under the Sea"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1989)

"Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1990)

1991–2000

"Beauty and the Beast"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1991)

"A Whole New World"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1992)

"Streets of Philadelphia"

Music and lyrics: Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(1993)

"Can You Feel the Love Tonight"

Music: Elton John Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1994)

"Colors of the Wind"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1995)

"You Must Love Me"

Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1996)

"My Heart Will Go On"

Music: James Horner Lyrics: Will Jennings (1997)

"When You Believe"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998)

"You'll Be in My Heart"

Music and lyrics: Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1999)

"Things Have Changed"

Music and lyrics: Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(2000)

2001–2010

"If I Didn't Have You (Disney song)"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2001)

"Lose Yourself"

Music: Eminem, Jeff Bass and Luis Resto Lyrics: Eminem
Eminem
(2002)

"Into the West"

Music and lyrics: Fran Walsh, Howard Shore
Howard Shore
and Annie Lennox
Annie Lennox
(2003)

"Al otro lado del río"

Music and lyrics: Jorge Drexler
Jorge Drexler
(2004)

"It's Hard out Here for a Pimp"

Music and lyrics: Juicy J, Frayser Boy and DJ Paul
DJ Paul
(2005)

"I Need to Wake Up"

Music and lyrics: Melissa Etheridge
Melissa Etheridge
(2006)

"Falling Slowly"

Music and lyrics: Glen Hansard
Glen Hansard
and Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2007)

"Jai Ho"

Music: A. R. Rahman Lyrics: Gulzar
Gulzar
(2008)

"The Weary Kind"

Music and lyrics: Ryan Bingham
Ryan Bingham
and T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
(2009)

"We Belong Together"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2010)

2011–present

"Man or Muppet"

Music and lyrics: Bret McKenzie
Bret McKenzie
(2011)

"Skyfall"

Music and lyrics: Adele
Adele
Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012)

"Let It Go"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2013)

"Glory"

Music and lyrics: John Stephens and Lonnie Lynn (2014)

"Writing's on the Wall"

Music and lyrics: James Napier and Sam Smith (2015)

"City of Stars"

Music: Justin Hurwitz Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016)

"Remember Me"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Film Music

John Barry (1968) Mikis Theodorakis
Mikis Theodorakis
(1969) Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
(1970) Michel Legrand (1971) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
(1972) Alan Price (1973) Richard Rodney Bennett (1974) John Williams
John Williams
(1975) Bernard Herrmann
Bernard Herrmann
(1976) John Addison (1977) John Williams
John Williams
(1978) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1979) John Williams
John Williams
(1980) Carl Davis
Carl Davis
(1981) John Williams
John Williams
(1982) Ryuichi Sakamoto
Ryuichi Sakamoto
(1983) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1984) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1985) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1986) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1987) John Williams
John Williams
(1988) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1989) Andrea and Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1990) Jean-Claude Petit (1991) David Hirschfelder (1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Don Was
Don Was
(1994) Luis Bacalov
Luis Bacalov
(1995) Gabriel Yared (1996) Nellee Hooper (1997) David Hirschfelder (1998) Thomas Newman
Thomas Newman
(1999) Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Craig Armstrong and Marius de Vries (2001) Philip Glass
Philip Glass
(2002) T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
and Gabriel Yared (2003) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2004) John Williams
John Williams
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Christopher Gunning
Christopher Gunning
(2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Thomas Newman
Thomas Newman
(2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Score

John Williams
John Williams
(1998) Gabriel Yared (1999) Lisa Gerrard
Lisa Gerrard
and Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) John Williams
John Williams
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2004) John Williams
John Williams
(2005) Philip Glass
Philip Glass
(2006) Jonny Greenwood
Jonny Greenwood
(2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009) Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) John Williams
John Williams
(2012) Steven Price (2013) Antonio Sánchez (2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Song

1998–2000

"When You Believe" Music & Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998) "Music of My Heart" Music & Lyrics: Diane Warren
Diane Warren
(1999) "My Funny Friend and Me" Music & Lyrics: David Hartley, Sting (2000)

2001–2010

"May It Be" Music & Lyrics: Enya, Nicky Ryan, Roma Ryan (2001) "Lose Yourself" Music & Lyrics: Jeff Bass, Eminem, Luis Resto, (2002) "A Mighty Wind" Music & Lyrics: Christopher Guest, Eugene Levy, Michael McKean (2003) "Old Habits Die Hard" Music & Lyrics: Mick Jagger, David Stewart (2004) "Hustle & Flow" Music & Lyrics: Terrence Howard
Terrence Howard
(2005) "Listen" Music & Lyrics: Scott Cutler, Henry Krieger, Anne Preven (2006) "Falling Slowly" Music & Lyrics: Glen Hansard, Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2007) "The Wrestler" Music & Lyrics: Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(2008) "The Weary Kind" Music & Lyrics: Ryan Bingham
Ryan Bingham
and T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
(2009) "If I Rise" Music & Lyrics: Rollo Armstrong, Dido, A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2010)

2011–2020

"Life's a Happy Song" Music & Lyrics: Bret McKenzie
Bret McKenzie
(2011) "Skyfall" Music & Lyrics: Adele, Paul Epworth (2012) "Let It Go" Music & Lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2013) "Glory" Music & Lyrics: Common, John Legend
John Legend
(2014) "See You Again" Music & Lyrics: Andrew Cedar, DJ Frank E, Wiz Khalifa, Charlie Puth (2015) "City of Stars" Music: Justin Hurwitz; Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) "Remember Me" Music & Lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Original Score

1940s

Life with Father – Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1947) The Red Shoes – Brian Easdale (1948) The Inspector General – Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1949)

1950s

Sunset Boulevard – Franz Waxman (1950) September Affair
September Affair
Victor Young
Victor Young
(1951) High Noon
High Noon
Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1952) On the Beach – Ernest Gold (1959)

1960s

The Alamo – Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1960) The Guns of Navarone – Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1961) To Kill a Mockingbird – Elmer Bernstein
Elmer Bernstein
(1962) (1963) The Fall of the Roman Empire – Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1964) Doctor Zhivago – Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1965) Hawaii – Elmer Bernstein
Elmer Bernstein
(1966) Camelot – Frederick Loewe (1967) The Shoes of the Fisherman Alex North (1968) Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
(1969)

1970s

Love Story – Francis Lai (1970) Shaft – Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
(1971) The Godfather
The Godfather
Nino Rota
Nino Rota
(1972) Jonathan Livingston Seagull – Neil Diamond
Neil Diamond
(1973) The Little Prince – Alan Jay Lerner, Frederick Loewe (1974) Jaws – John Williams
John Williams
(1975) A Star is Born – Kenneth Ascher, Paul Williams (1976) Star Wars – John Williams
John Williams
(1977) Midnight Express – Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
(1978) Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
– Carmine Coppola, Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979)

1980s

The Stunt Man
The Stunt Man
Dominic Frontiere (1980) (1981) E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
John Williams
John Williams
(1982) Flashdance
Flashdance
Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
(1983) A Passage to India – Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1984) Out of Africa – John Barry (1985) The Mission – Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1986) The Last Emperor
The Last Emperor
– David Byrne, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Cong Su (1987) Gorillas in the Mist
Gorillas in the Mist
Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1988) The Little Mermaid – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

The Sheltering Sky – Richard Horowitz, Ryuichi Sakamoto
Ryuichi Sakamoto
(1990) Beauty and the Beast – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Aladdin – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) Heaven & Earth – Kitarō
Kitarō
(1993) The Lion King
The Lion King
Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) A Walk in the Clouds
A Walk in the Clouds
Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1995) The English Patient – Gabriel Yared (1996) Titanic – James Horner
James Horner
(1997) The Truman Show – Burkhard Dallwitz, Philip Glass
Philip Glass
(1998) 1900 – Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)

2000s

Gladiator – Lisa Gerrard, Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(2000) Moulin Rouge! – Craig Armstrong (2001) Frida
Frida
Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King – Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) The Aviator – Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2004) Memoirs of a Geisha – John Williams
John Williams
(2005) The Painted Veil – Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2006) Atonement – Dario Marianelli (2007) Slumdog Millionaire
Slumdog Millionaire
A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Up – Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

The Social Network
The Social Network
– Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) The Artist – Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Life of Pi – Mychael Danna (2012) All Is Lost Alex Ebert
Alex Ebert
(2013) The Theory of Everything – Jóhann Jóhannsson
Jóhann Jóhannsson
(2014) The Hateful Eight
The Hateful Eight
Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) La La Land – Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) The Shape of Water
The Shape of Water
- Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Satellite Award for Best Original Score

Gabriel Yared (1996) James Horner
James Horner
(1997) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1998) Danny Elfman
Danny Elfman
(1999) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(2000) Craig Armstrong (2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(2003) John Swihart
John Swihart
(2004) Harry Gregson-Williams
Harry Gregson-Williams
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Alberto Iglesias
Alberto Iglesias
(2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Rolfe Kent (2009) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(2010) Marco Beltrami
Marco Beltrami
(2011) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2012) Steven Price (2013) Antonio Sánchez (2014) Carter Burwell (2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Rupert Gregson-Williams (2017)

v t e

National Film Award for Best Music Direction

1967–1980

K. V. Mahadevan (1967) Kalyanji Anandji (1968) S. Mohinder (1969) Madan Mohan (1970) Jaidev (1971) S. D. Burman
S. D. Burman
(1972) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1973) Ananda Shankar (1974) Bhupen Hazarika
Bhupen Hazarika
(1975) B. V. Karanth
B. V. Karanth
(1976) B. V. Karanth
B. V. Karanth
(1977) Jaidev (1978) K. V. Mahadevan (1979) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1980)

1981–2000

Khayyam (1981) Ramesh Naidu (1982) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1983) Jaidev (1984) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1985) M. Balamuralikrishna
M. Balamuralikrishna
(1986) Vanraj Bhatia (1987) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1988) Sher Chowdhary (1989) Hridaynath Mangeshkar
Hridaynath Mangeshkar
(1990) Rajat Dholakia (1991) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1992) Johnson (1993) Ravi and Johnson (1994) Hamsalekha
Hamsalekha
(1995) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1996) M. M. Keeravani
M. M. Keeravani
(1997) Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
(1998) Ismail Darbar
Ismail Darbar
(1999) Anu Malik
Anu Malik
(2000)

2001–2008

A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2001) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2002) Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
(2003) Vidyasagar (2004) Lalgudi Jayaraman
Lalgudi Jayaraman
(2005) Ashok Patki
Ashok Patki
(2006) Ouseppachan (2007) Ajay−Atul
Ajay−Atul
(2008)

2009- Present

Songs

Amit Trivedi (2009) Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
(2010) Neel Dutt
Neel Dutt
(2011) Shailendra Barve (2012) Kabir Suman
Kabir Suman
(2013) Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
(2014) M. Jayachandran
M. Jayachandran
(2015) Bapu Padmanabha
Bapu Padmanabha
(2016)

Background score

Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(2009) Isaac Thomas Kottukapally (2010) Mayookh Bhaumik (2011) Bijibal
Bijibal
(2012) Shantanu Moitra
Shantanu Moitra
(2013) Gopi Sundar
Gopi Sundar
(2014) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(2015) Bapu Padmanabha
Bapu Padmanabha
(2016)

v t e

Filmfare Award for Best Music Director

1954-1960

Naushad Ali
Naushad Ali
(1954) S. D. Burman
S. D. Burman
(1955) Hemant Kumar (1956) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1957) O. P. Nayyar (1958) Salil Chowdhury
Salil Chowdhury
(1959) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1960)

1961-1980

Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1961) Ravi (1962) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1963) Roshan (1964) Laxmikant–Pyarelal (1965) Ravi (1966) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1967) Laxmikant–Pyarelal (1968) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1969) Laxmikant–Pyarelal (1970) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1971) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1972) Shankar Jaikishan
Shankar Jaikishan
(1973) S. D. Burman
S. D. Burman
(1974) Kalyanji Anandji (1975) Rajesh Roshan
Rajesh Roshan
(1976) Khayyam (1977) Laxmikant–Pyarelal (1978) Laxmikant–Pyarelal (1979) Laxmikant–Pyarelal (1980)

1981-2000

Laxmikant–Pyarelal (1981) Khayyam (1982) R. D. Burman
R. D. Burman
(1983) R. D. Burman
R. D. Burman
(1984) Bappi Lahiri
Bappi Lahiri
(1985) Ravindra Jain
Ravindra Jain
(1986) No Award (1987) No Award (1988) Anand–Milind (1989) Raamlaxman (1990) Nadeem–Shravan
Nadeem–Shravan
(1991) Nadeem–Shravan
Nadeem–Shravan
(1992) Nadeem–Shravan
Nadeem–Shravan
(1993) Anu Malik
Anu Malik
(1994) R. D. Burman
R. D. Burman
(1995) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1996) Nadeem–Shravan
Nadeem–Shravan
(1997) Uttam Singh (1998) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1999) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2000)

2001-present

Rajesh Roshan
Rajesh Roshan
(2001) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2002) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2003) Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
(2004) Anu Malik
Anu Malik
(2005) Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
(2006) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2009) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2010) Sajid–Wajid
Sajid–Wajid
and Lalit Pandit (2011) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2012) Pritam
Pritam
(2013) Ankit Tiwari, Jeet Ganguly and Mithoon
Mithoon
(2014) Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
(2015) Amaal Mallik, Ankit Tiwari
Ankit Tiwari
and Meet Bros
Meet Bros
Anjjan (2016) Pritam
Pritam
(2017) Pritam
Pritam
(2018)

v t e

Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
– Tamil

1991-2000

Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1991) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1992) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1993) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1994) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1995) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1996) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1997) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1998) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1999) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2000)

2001-present

Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2001) Bharathwaj (2002) Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2003) Bharathwaj & Yuvan Shankar Raja
Yuvan Shankar Raja
(2004) Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2005) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2006) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2007) Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2008) Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2009)

2010-present

A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2010) G. V. Prakash Kumar (2011) D. Imman
D. Imman
(2012) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2013) Anirudh Ravichander
Anirudh Ravichander
(2014) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2015)

v t e

Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
State Film Award for Best Music Director

1968-1980

M. S. Viswanathan
M. S. Viswanathan
(1968) K. V. Mahadevan (1969) Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan
Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan
(1970) Not awarded (1971) Not awarded (1972) Not awarded (1973) Not awarded (1974) Not awarded (1975) Not awarded (1976) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1977) M. S. Viswanathan
M. S. Viswanathan
(1978) Shankar Ganesh
Shankar Ganesh
(1979) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1980)

1981-2000

Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1981) M. S. Viswanathan
M. S. Viswanathan
(1982) Not awarded (1983) Not awarded (1984) Not awarded (1985) Not awarded (1986) Not awarded (1987) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1988) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1989) Deva (1990) M. M. Keeravani
M. M. Keeravani
(1991) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1992) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1993) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1994) Deva (1995) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1996) S. A. Rajkumar (1997) Bobby (1998) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(1999) Deva (2000)

2001-present

Vidyasagar (2001) Sirpy (2002) Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2003) Srikanth Deva (2004) Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2005) Yuvan Shankar Raja
Yuvan Shankar Raja
(2006) Vidyasagar (2007) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(2008) Sundar C. Babu (2009) Yuvan Shankar Raja
Yuvan Shankar Raja
(2010) Harris Jayaraj
Harris Jayaraj
(2011) D. Imman
D. Imman
(2012) Ramesh Vinayakam (2013) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2014)

v t e

Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
award recipients (2010–19)

2010

Satya Paul Agarwal Mohammad Amin Sailesh Kumar Bandopadhyay M. S. Banga Anil Bordia Bipan Chandra B. K. Chaturvedi Sant Singh Chatwal G. P. Chopra Tan Chung Madhusudan Dhaky P. R. Dubhashi Puttaraj Gawai Belle Monappa Hegde Ilaiyaraaja Jagdish Chandra Kapur Shrinivas Khale Aamir Khan Sultan Khan Ram Kumar Kumudini Lakhia Kuzhur Narayana Marar Chhannulal Mishra Eledath Thaikkattu Narayanan Mooss C. P. Krishnan Nair S. P. Oswal Akbar Padamsee Ramakanta Panda Balasaheb Vikhe Patil Arogyaswami Paulraj A. R. Rahman Moosa Raza Mallika Sarabhai Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana Abhijit Sen Satya Vrat Shastri Noshir M. Shroff Kushal Pal Singh Bikash Sinha Balagangadharanatha Swamiji Narayanan Vaghul P. K. Warrier Fareed Zakaria

2011

S. P. Balasubrahmanyam Rajashree Birla M. N. Buch C. V. Chandrasekhar Ajai Chowdhry Yogesh Chander Deveshwar Satyadev Dubey T. J. S. George Shankha Ghosh Kris Gopalakrishnan Keki Byramjee Grant Shashi Kapoor Krishen Khanna Khayyam Chanda Kochhar Dwijen Mukhopadhyay Madavoor Vasudevan Nair Ramdas Pai Dashrath Patel Rajendra Singh Pawar Suryanarayanan Ramachandran Shobhana Ranade Gunupati Venkata Krishna Reddy Kallam Anji Reddy Waheeda Rehman Shyam Saran Analjit Singh Arpita Singh Surendra Singh R. K. Srikantan Raghavan Thirumulpad

2012

Suresh H. Advani Shabana Azmi Homi K. Bhabha Shashikumar Chitre Khaled Choudhury Jatin Das Vidya Dehejia Dharmendra S. N. Goenka M. S. Gopalakrishnan T. V. Gopalakrishnan Buddhadev Das Gupta Sunil Janah Anish Kapoor S. B. Mujumdar B. Muthuraman Mira Nair Arvind Panagariya José Pereira Mata Prasad M. S. Raghunathan P. Chandrasekhara Rao Ronen Sen Devi Shetty M. V. Subbiah N. Vittal N. H. Wadia George Yeo

2013

Satya N. Atluri Maharaj Kishan Bhan Jaspal Bhatti Rahul Dravid Adi Godrej Abdul Rashid Khan Rajesh Khanna Mary Kom Nandkishore Shamrao Laud Mangesh Padgaonkar Hemendra Singh Panwar Jogesh Pati Shivajirao Girdhar Patil A. Sivathanu Pillai D. Ramanaidu Kanak Rele V. K. Saraswat Ashoke Sen Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak B. N. Suresh Sharmila Tagore Ramamurthy Thyagarajan Saroja Vaidyanathan

2014

Anisuzzaman Mrityunjay Athreya Padmanabhan Balaram Dalveer Bhandari Ruskin Bond Anita Desai Pullela Gopichand Kamal Haasan Jyeshtharaj Joshi V. N. Kaul Neelam Kler M. Mahadevappa Leander Paes K. Radhakrishnan Anumolu Ramakrishna Thirumalachari Ramasami Lloyd Rudolph Susanne Hoeber Rudolph Vinod Prakash Sharma Ghulam Mohammed Sheikh Parveen Sultana Dhirubhai Thaker Vairamuthu J. S. Verma T. H. Vinayakram

2015

Jahnu Barua Manjul Bhargava Vijay P. Bhatkar Swapan Dasgupta David Frawley Bill Gates Melinda Gates Swami Satyamitranand N. Gopalaswami Subhash C. Kashyap Gokulotsavji Maharaj Saichiro Misumi Ambrish Mithal Sudha Ragunathan Harish Salve Ashok Seth Rajat Sharma Satpal Singh Shivakumara Swami Khadg Singh Valdiya

2016

Ravindra Chandra Bhargava Robert Blackwill Hafeez Contractor Indu Jain Heisnam Kanhailal Anupam Kher Sania Mirza Pallonji Mistry Udit Narayan Saina Nehwal Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad Vinod Rai N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya A. V. Rama Rao D. Nageshwar Reddy Dayananda Saraswati Barjinder Singh Hamdard Ram V. Sutar Tejomayananda

2017

Vishwa Mohan Bhatt Deviprasad Dwivedi Ratnasundarsuri Niranjanananda Saraswati Cho Ramaswamy Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Tehemton Erach Udwadia

2018

Pankaj Advani Philipose Mar Chrysostom Mahendra Singh Dhoni Alexander Kadakin Ramachandran Nagaswamy Laxman Pai Arvind Parikh Sharda Sinha

# Posthumous conferral

1954–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–1999 2000–2009 2010–2019

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85829979 LCCN: n89264325 ISNI: 0000 0001 2282 595X GND: 13426570X SUDOC: 071504982 BNF: cb14007114c (data) BIBSYS: 8017903 MusicBrainz: e0bba708-bdd3-478d-84ea-c706413bedab BNE: XX1650

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