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Year 963 ( CMLXIII) was a
common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a lunisolar calendar, a month) adde ...
(link will display the full calendar) of the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman people, Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in Crisis of the Roman Republic, the events that led to the d ...
.


Events


By place


Byzantine Empire

*
March 15 In the , March 15 was known as the . Events Pre-1600 * – celebrates an for concluding the against and securing a forty years' truce. * – wins his last victory over 's armies, defeating the great general's sons, and at . ...
– Emperor
Romanos II Romanos II or Romanus II ( gr, Ρωμανός Β΄, c. 938 – 15 March 963) was Byzantine Emperor from 959 to 963. He succeeded his father Constantine VII at the age of twenty-one and died suddenly four years later. Life Romanos II wa ...

Romanos II
dies at age 25, probably of poison administered by his wife, Empress
TheophanoTheophano () may refer to: * Theophano of Athens, consort of Staurakios (reigned 811) * Theophano Martinakia, first consort of Leo VI the Wise (reigned 886 - 912) *Theophano (born Anastaso)Theophano (Greek: Θεοφανώ, Theophanō; 941 – after ...
. He is succeeded by his infant son Basil II. Theophano becomes regent and ''de facto'' ruler, she names her other son Constantine VIII (only 3 years old) as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. * July 2 – Nikephoros II Phokas is proclaimed emperor by his troops in Kayseri, Caesarea. He sends a fleet to secure the Bosphorus, Bosphorus Strait against his enemies. Chief minister Joseph Bringas gathers support and closes the gates of Constantinople. General Marianos Argyros is killed in a riot, forcing Bringas to flee. * August 16 – Nikephoros II makes a triumphal entry in Constantinople and is hailed as 'the conqueror'. He is crowned emperor in Hagia Sophia. In September, he marries Theophano, bolstering his legitimacy. * September 20 – Nikephoros II marries the former Byazantine consort
TheophanoTheophano () may refer to: * Theophano of Athens, consort of Staurakios (reigned 811) * Theophano Martinakia, first consort of Leo VI the Wise (reigned 886 - 912) *Theophano (born Anastaso)Theophano (Greek: Θεοφανώ, Theophanō; 941 – after ...
, the widow of Emperor Romanos II.


Europe

* Gero, Gero I, margrave of Merseburg, campaigns against the Slavs. He forces Prince Mieszko I of Poland, Mieszko I of the Polans (western), Polans in Greater Poland, Poland to pay tribute to Emperor Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I (the Great). He expands his territory, the ''Marca Geronis'' (March of Gero), to the mouth of the Oder, Oder River.Timothy Reuter (1999). ''The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III'', p. 248. . * Sviatoslav I of Kiev, Sviatoslav I, Grand Prince of Kievan Rus', Kiev, begins a 2-year campaign in which he will defeat Khazars, Khazar forces along the Don River (Russia), Don River – vanquish the Ossetians, Ossetes and the Circassians in the northern Caucasus. He also successfully attacks the Bulgars on the Volga River. * November - Otto arrives at Rome, Pope Pope John XII, John XII and Adalbert of Italy, Adalbert II (co-ruler of Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire), Italy) flee to Campania, taking with them most of the Papal treasury. Otto is warmly received by the Roman citizens as 'liberator'. * December – King Berengar II of Italy, Berengar II (the father of Adalbert II) surrenders at the fortress of Montefeltro to German forces. He and his wife Willa of Tuscany, Willa are taken prisoner and dispatched to Bamberg. * Luxembourg has her beginnings at Luxembourg City, Luxembourg Castle (located on the Bock (Luxembourg), Bock) founded by Sigfried, Count of the Ardennes, Sigfried, count of the Ardennes-Verdun dynasty, Ardennes.


Asia

* The Chinese government of the Song dynasty, Song Dynasty attempts to ban the practice of cremation; despite this decree, the lower and middle classes continue to cremate their dead, until the government resolves the problem in the 12th century, by establishing public graveyards for paupers. * The Jingnan, Nanping State, one of the Ten Kingdoms in south-central China, is forced to surrender, when invaded by armies of the Song Dynasty.


By topic


Religion

* November 6 – Synod of Rome (963), Synod of Rome: Otto I calls a council at St. Peter's Basilica. John XII is deposed on charges that he has conducted himself dishonorably and instigated an armed rebellion against Otto. * December 6 – Pope Pope Leo VIII, Leo VIII is appointed to the office of Protonotary apostolic, Protonotary and begins his papacy as antipope of Rome – a reign with the concurrently deposed John XII. * The Great Lavra, Monastery of Great Lavra at Mount Athos (northeastern Greece) is founded by the Byzantine monk Athanasius the Athonite.


Births

* March 13 – Anna Porphyrogenita, Grand Princess of Kievan Rus', Kiev (d. 1011) * Edith of Wilton, English princess and abbess (approximate date) * Li Jiqian, Chinese governor and rebel leader (d. 1004) * Nuh II, emir of the Samanid Empire, Samanid Dynasty (Iran) (d. 997) * Samsam al-Dawla, Buyid emir (approximate date) * Snorri Goði, Icelandic Vikings, Viking chieftain (d. 1031)


Deaths

*
March 15 In the , March 15 was known as the . Events Pre-1600 * – celebrates an for concluding the against and securing a forty years' truce. * – wins his last victory over 's armies, defeating the great general's sons, and at . ...
Romanos II Romanos II or Romanus II ( gr, Ρωμανός Β΄, c. 938 – 15 March 963) was Byzantine Emperor from 959 to 963. He succeeded his father Constantine VII at the age of twenty-one and died suddenly four years later. Life Romanos II wa ...

Romanos II
, Byzantine emperor (b. 938) * March 31 – Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Muhammad, Saffarid emir (b. 906) * April 3 – William III, Duke of Aquitaine, William III, duke of Duchy of Aquitaine, Aquitaine (b. 915) * April 10 – Oda of Metz, German Nobility, noblewoman * April 16 – William I of Weimar, William I, German nobleman * April 18 – Stephen Lekapenos, Byzantine co-emperor * August 16 – Marianos Argyros, Byzantine general * Abu Muhammad al-Hasan al-Muhallabi, Abu Muhammad al-Hasan, Buyid vizier * Alp-Tegin, Samanid commander-in-chief * Donnchad mac Cellacháin, king of Munster (Ireland) * Fothad I, bishop of Archdiocese of St Andrews, St. Andrews (approximate date) * Goltregoda of Cerdanya, Goltregoda, Frankish countess and regent (b. 920) * Ingeborg Tryggvasdotter, Viking noblewoman * John II of Gaeta, John II, duke of Duchy of Gaeta, Gaeta (Italy) (approximate date) * Michael Maleinos, Byzantine monk (approximate date) * Ordoño IV of León, Ordoño IV (the Bad), king of Kingdom of León, León (or 962) * Rudolfe II, Count of Ivois, Rudolfe II (or Raoul), Frankish nobleman * Tryggve Olafsson, Norse Vikings, Viking king * Empress Wang (Taizu), Wang, empress of the Song dynasty, Song Dynasty (b. 942)


References

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