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The Info List - 89th Academy Awards



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The 89TH ACADEMY AWARDS ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2016 , and took place on February 26, 2017, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood , Los Angeles, California, at 5:30 p.m. PST . During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC , was produced by Michael De Luca and Jennifer Todd and directed by Glenn Weiss. Comedian Jimmy Kimmel hosted the ceremony for the first time.

In related events, the Academy held its 8th Annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on November 12, 2016. On February 11, 2017, in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California , the Academy Scientific and Technical Awards were presented by hosts John Cho and Leslie Mann .

_Moonlight _ won three awards, including Best Picture , and _La La Land _ won the most awards of the ceremony with six after receiving a record-tying 14 nominations. In an event unprecedented in the history of the Oscars, _La La Land_ was incorrectly announced as the Best Picture; after a few minutes the error was corrected and _Moonlight_ was declared the winner. _Moonlight_ became the first film with an all-black cast and the first LGBT -themed film to win Best Picture. _ Hacksaw Ridge _ and _Manchester by the Sea _ won two awards each. Winners with one award include _Arrival _, _Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them _, _Fences _, _The Jungle Book _, _O.J.: Made in America _, _Piper _, _The Salesman _, _Sing _, _Suicide Squad _, _The White Helmets _, and _ Zootopia _.

CONTENTS

* 1 Winners and nominees

* 1.1 Awards * 1.2 Governors Awards * 1.3 Films with multiple nominations and awards

* 2 Presenters and performers

* 2.1 Presenters * 2.2 Performers

* 3 Ceremony information

* 3.1 Box office performance of nominated films * 3.2 Racial diversity * 3.3 Travel ban controversy * 3.4 Best Picture announcement error * 3.5 Critical reception and television ratings

* 4 _In Memoriam_

* 4.1 Errors

* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

WINNERS AND NOMINEES

The nominees for the 89th Academy Awards were announced on January 24, 2017, via global live stream from the Academy. _La La Land _ received the most nominations with a record-tying fourteen (1950's _ All About Eve _ and 1997's _Titanic _ also achieved this distinction); _Arrival _ and _Moonlight _ came in second with eight apiece.

_Moonlight_ became the first film from a black writer/director to win best picture. _O.J.: Made in America _, at 467 minutes, became the longest film to win an Academy Award, surpassing the 431-minute _War and Peace ,_ which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1969 . With Casey Affleck winning the Oscar for Best Actor, he and his older brother, Ben Affleck , became the 16th pair of siblings to win Academy Awards. Mahershala Ali became the first Muslim actor to win an Oscar. Viola Davis became the first black person to receive the Triple Crown of Acting with her Oscar, Tony and Emmy wins. 32-year-old Damien Chazelle became the youngest person to win Best Director; Norman Taurog was 33 when he won Best Director for the 1931 comedy _Skippy _.

Kevin O\'Connell finally ended the longest losing streak in Oscar history after 20 nominations and 20 non-wins for sound mixing, he finally won for _ Hacksaw Ridge _. _Moonlight _ 's Dede Gardner became the first woman to win twice for producing, her previous Best Picture win was for _12 Years a Slave _. This was the first time since the 70th Academy Awards that none of the winners of the acting awards won for playing real people. This was the first time in 19 years since the 70th Academy Awards that all of the actors that won in the four acting categories were all Americans. Damien Chazelle , Best Director winner Casey Affleck , Best Actor winner Emma Stone , Best Actress winner Mahershala Ali , Best Supporting Actor winner Viola Davis , Best Supporting Actress winner Kenneth Lonergan , Best Original Screenplay winner Barry Jenkins , Best Adapted Screenplay co-winner Asghar Farhadi , Best Foreign Language Film winner Byron Howard , Best Animated Feature Film co-winner Rich Moore , Best Animated Feature Film co-winner Ezra Edelman , Best Documentary Feature co-winner Justin Hurwitz , Best Original Score winner and Best Original Song co-winner

AWARDS

Winners are listed first and highlighted in BOLDFACE.

BEST PICTURE

* _MOONLIGHT _ – ADELE ROMANSKI , DEDE GARDNER , AND JEREMY KLEINER

* _Arrival _ – Shawn Levy , Dan Levine , Aaron Ryder , and David Linde * _Fences _ – Scott Rudin , Denzel Washington , and Todd Black * _ Hacksaw Ridge _ – Bill Mechanic and David Permut * _Hell or High Water _ – Carla Hacken and Julie Yorn * _ Hidden Figures _ – Donna Gigliotti , Peter Chernin , Jenno Topping , Pharrell Williams , and Theodore Melfi * _La La Land _ – Fred Berger , Jordan Horowitz , and Marc Platt * _Lion _ – Emile Sherman , Iain Canning , and Angie Fielder * _Manchester by the Sea _ – Matt Damon , Kimberly Steward , Chris Moore , Lauren Beck , and Kevin J. Walsh

BEST DIRECTOR

* DAMIEN CHAZELLE – _LA LA LAND _

* Mel Gibson – _ Hacksaw Ridge _ * Barry Jenkins – _Moonlight _ * Kenneth Lonergan – _Manchester by the Sea _ * Denis Villeneuve – _Arrival _

BEST ACTOR

* CASEY AFFLECK – _MANCHESTER BY THE SEA _ AS LEE CHANDLER

* Andrew Garfield – _ Hacksaw Ridge _ as Desmond T. Doss * Ryan Gosling – _La La Land _ as Sebastian Wilder * Viggo Mortensen – _Captain Fantastic _ as Ben Cash * Denzel Washington – _Fences _ as Troy Maxson

BEST ACTRESS

* EMMA STONE – _LA LA LAND _ AS MIA DOLAN

* Isabelle Huppert – _Elle _ as Michèle Leblanc * Ruth Negga – _Loving _ as Mildred Loving * Natalie Portman – _Jackie _ as Jackie Kennedy * Meryl Streep – _ Florence Foster Jenkins _ as Florence Foster Jenkins

BEST SUPPORTING ACTOR

* MAHERSHALA ALI – _MOONLIGHT _ AS JUAN

* Jeff Bridges – _Hell or High Water _ as Marcus Hamilton * Lucas Hedges – _Manchester by the Sea _ as Patrick Chandler * Dev Patel – _Lion _ as Saroo Brierley * Michael Shannon – _ Nocturnal Animals _ as Detective Bobby Andes

BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS

* VIOLA DAVIS – _FENCES _ AS ROSE MAXSON

* Naomie Harris – _Moonlight _ as Paula * Nicole Kidman – _Lion _ as Sue Brierley * Octavia Spencer – _ Hidden Figures _ as Dorothy Vaughan * Michelle Williams – _Manchester by the Sea _ as Randi Chandler

BEST ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY

* _MANCHESTER BY THE SEA _ – KENNETH LONERGAN

* _Hell or High Water _ – Taylor Sheridan * _La La Land _ – Damien Chazelle * _ The Lobster _ – Yorgos Lanthimos and Efthimis Filippou * _ 20th Century Women _ – Mike Mills

BEST ADAPTED SCREENPLAY

* _MOONLIGHT _ – BARRY JENKINS AND TARELL ALVIN MCCRANEY FROM _IN MOONLIGHT BLACK BOYS LOOK BLUE_ BY TARELL ALVIN MCCRANEY

* _Arrival _ – Eric Heisserer from " Story of Your Life " by Ted Chiang * _Fences _ – August Wilson (posthumous nomination) from _Fences _ by August Wilson * _ Hidden Figures _ – Allison Schroeder and Theodore Melfi from _ Hidden Figures _ by Margot Lee Shetterly * _Lion _ – Luke Davies from _A Long Way Home_ by Saroo Brierley and Larry Buttrose

BEST ANIMATED FEATURE FILM

* _ZOOTOPIA _ – BYRON HOWARD , RICH MOORE , AND CLARK SPENCER

* _ Kubo and the Two Strings _ – Travis Knight and Arianne Sutner * _Moana _ – John Musker , Ron Clements , and Osnat Shurer * _My Life as a Zucchini _ – Claude Barras and Max Karli * _ The Red Turtle _ – Michaël Dudok de Wit and Toshio Suzuki

BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM

* _THE SALESMAN _ (IRAN ) IN PERSIAN – ASGHAR FARHADI

* _ Land of Mine _ (Denmark ) in Danish – Martin Zandvliet * _ A Man Called Ove _ (Sweden ) in Swedish – Hannes Holm * _Tanna _ (Australia ) in Nauvhal – Martin Butler and Bentley Dean * _ Toni Erdmann _ (Germany ) in German – Maren Ade

BEST DOCUMENTARY – FEATURE

* _O.J.: MADE IN AMERICA _ – EZRA EDELMAN AND CAROLINE WATERLOW

* _ Fire at Sea _ – Gianfranco Rosi and Donatella Palermo * _ I Am Not Your Negro _ – Raoul Peck , Rémi Grellety, and Hébert Peck * _ Life, Animated _ – Roger Ross Williams and Julie Goldman * _13th _ – Ava DuVernay , Spencer Averick , and Howard Barish

BEST DOCUMENTARY – SHORT SUBJECT

* _THE WHITE HELMETS _ – ORLANDO VON EINSIEDEL AND JOANNA NATASEGARA

* _Extremis _ – Dan Krauss * _ 4.1 Miles _ – Daphne Matziaraki * _Joe\'s Violin _ – Kahane Cooperman and Raphaela Neihausen * _Watani: My Homeland _ – Marcel Mettelsiefen and Stephen Ellis

BEST LIVE ACTION SHORT FILM

* _SING _ – KRISTóF DEáK AND ANNA UDVARDY

* _ Ennemis intérieurs _ – Sélim Azzazi * _ La femme et le TGV _ – Timo von Gunten and Giacun Caduff * _Silent Nights _ – Aske Bang and Kim Magnusson * _Timecode _ – Juanjo Giménez

BEST ANIMATED SHORT FILM

* _PIPER _ – ALAN BARILLARO AND MARC SONDHEIMER

* _ Blind Vaysha _ – Theodore Ushev * _Borrowed Time _ – Andrew Coats and Lou Hamou-Lhadj * _ Pear Cider and Cigarettes _ – Robert Valley and Cara Speller * _Pearl _ – Patrick Osborne

BEST ORIGINAL SCORE

* _LA LA LAND _ – JUSTIN HURWITZ

* _Jackie _ – Mica Levi * _Lion _ – Dustin O\'Halloran and Hauschka * _Moonlight _ – Nicholas Britell * _Passengers _ – Thomas Newman

BEST ORIGINAL SONG

* "CITY OF STARS " FROM _LA LA LAND _ – MUSIC BY JUSTIN HURWITZ ; LYRICS BY BENJ PASEK AND JUSTIN PAUL

* " Audition (The Fools Who Dream) " from _La La Land _ – Music by Justin Hurwitz ; Lyrics by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul * "Can\'t Stop the Feeling! " from _Trolls _ – Music and Lyrics by Justin Timberlake , Max Martin , and Karl Johan Schuster (Shellback) * "The Empty Chair " from _Jim: The James Foley Story _ – Music and Lyrics by J. Ralph and Sting * "How Far I\'ll Go " from _Moana _ – Music and Lyrics by Lin-Manuel Miranda

BEST SOUND EDITING

* _ARRIVAL _ – SYLVAIN BELLEMARE

* _Deepwater Horizon _ – Wylie Stateman and Renée Tondelli * _ Hacksaw Ridge _ – Robert Mackenzie and Andy Wright * _La La Land _ – Ai-Ling Lee and Mildred Iatrou Morgan * _Sully _ – Alan Robert Murray and Bub Asman

BEST SOUND MIXING

* _HACKSAW RIDGE _ – KEVIN O\\'CONNELL , ANDY WRIGHT , ROBERT MACKENZIE AND PETER GRACE

* _Arrival _ – Bernard Gariépy Strobl and Claude La Haye * _La La Land _ – Andy Nelson , Ai-Ling Lee and Steve A. Morrow * _Rogue One: A Star Wars Story _ – David Parker , Christopher Scarabosio and Stuart Wilson * _13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi _ – Greg P. Russell , Gary Summers , Jeffrey J. Haboush and Mac Ruth

BEST PRODUCTION DESIGN

* _LA LA LAND _ – PRODUCTION DESIGN : DAVID WASCO ; SET DECORATION : SANDY REYNOLDS-WASCO

* _Arrival _ – Production Design: Patrice Vermette ; Set Decoration: Paul Hotte * _Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them _ – Production Design: Stuart Craig ; Set Decoration: Anna Pinnock * _ Hail, Caesar! _ – Production Design: Jess Gonchor ; Set Decoration: Nancy Haigh * _Passengers _ – Production Design: Guy Hendrix Dyas ; Set Decoration: Gene Serdena

BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY

* _LA LA LAND _ – LINUS SANDGREN

* _Arrival _ – Bradford Young * _Lion _ – Greig Fraser * _Moonlight _ – James Laxton * _Silence _ – Rodrigo Prieto

BEST MAKEUP AND HAIRSTYLING

* _SUICIDE SQUAD _ – ALESSANDRO BERTOLAZZI , GIORGIO GREGORINI , AND CHRISTOPHER NELSON

* _ A Man Called Ove _ – Eva von Bahr and Love Larson * _ Star Trek Beyond _ – Joel Harlow and Richard Alonzo

BEST COSTUME DESIGN

* _FANTASTIC BEASTS AND WHERE TO FIND THEM _ – COLLEEN ATWOOD

* _Allied _ – Joanna Johnston * _ Florence Foster Jenkins _ – Consolata Boyle * _Jackie _ – Madeline Fontaine * _La La Land _ – Mary Zophres

BEST FILM EDITING

* _HACKSAW RIDGE _ – JOHN GILBERT

* _Arrival _ – Joe Walker * _Hell or High Water _ – Jake Roberts * _La La Land _ – Tom Cross * _Moonlight _ – Nat Sanders and Joi McMillon

BEST VISUAL EFFECTS

* _THE JUNGLE BOOK _ – ROBERT LEGATO , ADAM VALDEZ , ANDREW R. JONES , AND DAN LEMMON

* _Deepwater Horizon _ – Craig Hammack , Jason Snell , Jason Billington , and Burt Dalton * _Doctor Strange _ – Stephane Ceretti , Richard Bluff , Vincent Cirelli , and Paul Corbould * _ Kubo and the Two Strings _ – Steve Emerson , Oliver Jones , Brian McLean , and Brad Schiff * _Rogue One: A Star Wars Story _ – John Knoll , Mohen Leo , Hal Hickel , and Neil Corbould

* ^ AMPAS revoked Russell's nomination after discovering that he had contacted voters for the award by telephone in violation of campaigning regulations.

GOVERNORS AWARDS

The Academy held its eighth annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 12, 2016, during which the following awards were presented: Academy Honorary Awards Main article: Academy Honorary Award

* Jackie Chan — Hong Kong martial artist, actor, director, producer and singer. * Anne V. Coates — British film editor. * Lynn Stalmaster — American casting director. * Frederick Wiseman — American filmmaker, documentarian and theatrical director.

FILMS WITH MULTIPLE NOMINATIONS AND AWARDS

Films that received multiple nominations NOMINATIONS FILM

14 _La La Land _

8 _Arrival _

_Moonlight _

6 _ Hacksaw Ridge _

_Lion _

_Manchester by the Sea _

4 _Fences _

_Hell or High Water _

3 _ Hidden Figures _

_Jackie _

2 _ A Man Called Ove _

_Deepwater Horizon _

_Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them _

_ Florence Foster Jenkins _

_ Kubo and the Two Strings _

_Moana _

_Passengers _

_Rogue One: A Star Wars Story _

Films that received multiple awards AWARDS FILM

6 _La La Land _

3 _Moonlight _

2 _ Hacksaw Ridge _

_Manchester by the Sea _

PRESENTERS AND PERFORMERS

The following individuals were brought onto the ceremony to present awards or perform musical numbers.

PRESENTERS

NAME(S) ROLE

Randy Thomas Announcer for the 89th Annual Academy Awards; announced the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Can\'t Stop the Feeling! "

Vikander, Alicia Alicia Vikander Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor

Bateman, Jason Jason Bateman McKinnon, Kate Kate McKinnon Presenters of the awards for Best Makeup and Hairstyling and Costume Design

Henson, Taraji P. Taraji P. Henson Johnson, Katherine Katherine Johnson Monáe, Janelle Janelle Monáe Spencer, Octavia Octavia Spencer Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Feature

Johnson, Dwayne Dwayne Johnson Presenter of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "How Far I\'ll Go "

Isaacs, Cheryl Boone Cheryl Boone Isaacs (AMPAS president) Special presentation highlighting the benefits of film and diversity

Evans, ChrisChris Evans Boutella, Sofia Sofia Boutella Presenters of the awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Sound Mixing

Vaughn, Vince Vince Vaughn Presenter of the Governor Award winners

Rylance, Mark Mark Rylance Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress

Theron, Charlize Charlize Theron MacLaine, Shirley Shirley MacLaine Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film

Patel, Dev Dev Patel Presenter of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "The Empty Chair "

García Bernal, Gael Gael García Bernal Steinfeld, Hailee Hailee Steinfeld Presenters of the awards for Best Animated Short Film and Best Animated Feature Film

Dornan, Jamie Jamie Dornan Johnson, Dakota Dakota Johnson Presenters of the award for Best Production Design

Jones, Felicity Felicity Jones Ahmed, Riz Riz Ahmed Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects

Fox, Michael J. Michael J. Fox Rogen, Seth Seth Rogen Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing

Hayek, Salma Salma Hayek Oyelowo, David David Oyelowo Presenters of the awards for Best Documentary Short Subject and Best Live Action Short Film

Cho, John John Cho Mann, Leslie Leslie Mann Presenter of the segment of the Academy Scientific and Technical Award !Presenters of the segment of the Academy Scientific and Technical Awards

Bardem, Javier Javier Bardem Streep, Meryl Meryl Streep Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography

Gosling, Ryan Ryan Gosling Stone, Emma Emma Stone Presenters of the performance of Best Original Song nominees " Audition (The Fools Who Dream) " and "City of Stars "

Jackson, Samuel L. Samuel L. Jackson Presenter of the award for Best Original Score

Johansson, Scarlett Scarlett Johansson Presenter of the award for Best Original Song

Aniston, Jennifer Jennifer Aniston Presenter of the _In Memoriam _ tribute

Affleck, Ben Ben Affleck Matt Damon Presenters of the award for Best Original Screenplay

Adams, Amy Amy Adams Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Berry, Halle Halle Berry Presenter of the award for Best Director

Larson, Brie Brie Larson Presenter of the award for Best Actor

DiCaprio, Leonardo Leonardo DiCaprio Presenter of the award for Best Actress

Beatty, Warren Warren Beatty Dunaway, Faye Faye Dunaway Presenters of the award for Best Picture (see also Best Picture announcement error )

* ^ Referred to only as Ben Affleck's "guest" in this segment

PERFORMERS

NAME(S) ROLE PERFORMED

WHEELER, HAROLDHAROLD WHEELER Musical arranger Conductor Orchestral

TIMBERLAKE, JUSTINJUSTIN TIMBERLAKE Performer "Can\'t Stop the Feeling! " from _Trolls _ "Lovely Day "

Cravalho, Auli'iAuli\'i Cravalho Miranda, Lin-Manuel Lin-Manuel Miranda Performers "How Far I\'ll Go " from _Moana _

STING, STING Performer "The Empty Chair " from _Jim: The James Foley Story _

LEGEND, JOHNJOHN LEGEND Performer " City of Stars " and " Audition (The Fools Who Dream) " from _La La Land _

BAREILLES, SARASARA BAREILLES Performer " Both Sides, Now " during the annual _In Memoriam_ tribute

KIMMEL, JIMMYJIMMY KIMMEL Conductor Playing-off music interrupting presentation of award for Best Original Screenplay

CEREMONY INFORMATION

Jimmy Kimmel hosted the 89th Academy Awards.

Due to the mixed reception and low ratings of the previous year\'s ceremony , producers David Hill and Reginald Hudlin declined to helm the upcoming festivities; they were replaced by Michael De Luca and Jennifer Todd as producers. Actor and comedian Chris Rock told _Variety _ regarding if he would return to host, "Someone else will do it." On December 5, 2016, it was announced that Jimmy Kimmel would host the ceremony. Kimmel expressed that it was truly an honor and a thrill to be asked to host Academy Awards, commenting "Mike and Jennifer have an excellent plan and their enthusiasm is infectious. I am honored to have been chosen to host the 89th and final Oscars."

Due to his hosting duties, ABC did not broadcast a special episode of _ Jimmy Kimmel Live! _ following the ceremony, as in past years. Instead, ABC aired _Live from Hollywood: The After Party_, co-hosted by Anthony Anderson , and Lara Spencer of _ Good Morning America _. The stage set was designed by Derek McLane .

BOX OFFICE PERFORMANCE OF NOMINATED FILMS

North American box office gross for Best Picture nominees FILM Pre-nomination (before Jan. 24) Post-nomination (Jan. 24 – Feb. 26) Post-awards (after Feb. 26) TOTAL

_Hidden Figures_ $85 million $67.7 million $16.5 million $169.3 million

_La La Land_ $90.5 million $50.5 million $10.2 million $151.1 million

_Arrival_ $95.7 million $4.6 million $210,648 $100.5 million

_Hacksaw Ridge_ $65.5 million $1.4 million $274,090 $67.2 million

_Fences_ $48.8 million $7.7 million $1.1 million $57.7 million

_Lion_ $16.5 million $26.3 million $8.9 million $51.7 million

_Manchester by the Sea_ $39 million $7.9 million $819,980 $47.7 million

_Moonlight_ $15.9 million $6.4 million $5.6 million $27.9 million

_Hell or High Water_ $27 million – – $27 million

TOTAL $483.9 MILLION $172.4 MILLION $43.6 MILLION $700.1 MILLION

AVERAGE $53.8 MILLION $19.2 MILLION $4.8 MILLION $77.8 MILLION

At the time of the nominations announcement on January 24, 2017, the combined gross of the nine Best Picture nominees at the North American box offices was $483.8 million, with an average of $53.8 million per film. When the nominations were announced, _Arrival_ was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $95.7 million in domestic box office receipts. _La La Land_ was the second-highest-grossing film with $90.5 million, followed by _Hidden Figures_ ($85 million), _Hacksaw Ridge_ ($65.5 million), _Fences_ ($48.8 million), _Manchester by the Sea_ ($39 million), _Hell or High Water_ ($27 million), _Lion_ ($16.5 million) and _Moonlight_ ($15.8 million).

Thirty-five nominations went to 13 films on the list of the top 50 grossing movies of the year. Of those 13 films, only _Zootopia_ (3rd), _Moana_ (15th), _La La Land_ (45th), and _Arrival_ (48th) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, or any of the directing, acting, or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box-office hits that earned nominations were _Rogue One: A Star Wars Story_ (4th), _The Jungle Book_ (5th), _Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them_ (8th), _Suicide Squad_ (10th), _Doctor Strange_ (11th), _Star Trek Beyond_ (24th), _Trolls_ (25th), _Passengers_ (30th), and _Sully_ (32nd).

RACIAL DIVERSITY

The previous two years, the awards had come under scrutiny for the lack of racial diversity among the nominees in major categories, which included no actors of color being nominated. After the nominees for the 89th Awards were announced on January 24, many media outlets noted the diversity of the nominations, which included a record-tying seven minority actors and a record-setting six black actors. For the first time in the Academy's history, each acting category had black actors, with three nominated in the Best Supporting Actress category and three black screenwriters nominated in the Best Adapted Screenplay category in the same year. Also nominated was one black director, the fourth in Oscar history.

The awards continued to be criticized by actors and media organizations representing non-black minorities. The National Hispanic Media Coalition stated that Latino actors were "not getting the opportunities to work in front of camera, and with few exceptions, in back of the camera as well." Daniel Mayeda, chair of the Asian Pacific American Media Coalition, stated that the omission of Asian actors from the nominations list (with only one actor, Dev Patel , nominated) reflected "the continued lack of real opportunities for Asians in Hollywood." A skit performed during the ceremony, in which a group of tourists enter the theater, led to criticism of host Jimmy Kimmel over his mocking of an Asian woman's name.

Having previously been nominated for _Doubt _ (2008) and _The Help _ (2011), Viola Davis became the first African-American actress to garner three Academy Award nominations. She went on to win the award, making her the first African-American to achieve the Triple Crown of Acting: winning a competitive Emmy, Tony and Oscar in acting categories. Bradford Young became the first African-American to be nominated for Best Cinematography , while Joi McMillon became the first African-American to be nominated for Best Film Editing since Hugh A. Robertson for _ Midnight Cowboy _, as well as the first black woman to be nominated for that award.

_Moonlight _ became the first film with an all-black cast to win the Best Picture award. Additionally, the ceremony had the most black winners of the Academy Awards ever.

TRAVEL BAN CONTROVERSY

Iranian director Asghar Farhadi , who won the Best Foreign Language Film for _The Salesman _, was revealed to initially be unable to attend the ceremony due to President Donald Trump 's immigration ban . He boycotted the event saying, "I have decided to not attend the Academy Awards ceremony alongside my fellow members of the cinematic community." The Academy president Cheryl Boone Isaacs reacted to the travel ban, saying, "America should always be not a barrier but a beacon and each and every one of us knows that there are some empty chairs in this room which has made academy artists into activists."

Two prominent Iranian Americans – engineer Anousheh Ansari , known as the first female space tourist , and Firouz Naderi , a former director of Solar Systems Exploration at NASA – accepted Asghar Farhadi's Oscar on his behalf at the ceremony. Congratulations which had initially been tweeted to the Iranian people from the US State Department 's official Persian-language Twitter account were deleted following the acceptance speech given by Firouz Naderi in which President Trump's travel ban was described as "inhumane".

BEST PICTURE ANNOUNCEMENT ERROR

Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway came onstage to present the award for Best Picture, in celebration of the 50th anniversary of _Bonnie and Clyde _. After opening the envelope, Beatty hesitated to announce the winner, eventually showing it to Dunaway, who glanced at it and declared _La La Land _ the winner. However, more than two minutes later, as the producers of _La La Land_ were making their acceptance speeches, Oscar crew members came on stage and took the envelopes from those assembled, explaining to them that there had been a mistake. _La La Land_ producer Fred Berger , having heard the news, concluded his brief speech by saying "we lost, by the way".

Beatty was then given the correct opened envelope as _La La Land_ producer Jordan Horowitz stepped to the microphone, announced the error, stated that _Moonlight _ had actually won the award, and took the card bearing the film's title from Beatty's hand and showed it to the camera and the audience as proof. Horowitz would later be praised for his professional handling of the situation. Beatty returned to the microphone and explained that the envelope he had initially been given named Emma Stone for her performance in _La La Land_, hence his confused pause, and confirmed that _Moonlight_ was the winner. The producers of _Moonlight_ then came onstage, Horowitz presented the Best Picture award given to him to them, and they gave their acceptance speeches.

According to _The Hollywood Reporter _, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) – the accounting firm responsible for tabulating results, preparing the envelopes, and handing them to presenters – creates two sets of envelopes, which are kept on opposite sides of the stage. It is intended that each award has one primary envelope and one backup envelope that remains with one of the PwC Accountants in the wings. Video stills from the broadcast show that Beatty and Dunaway had been given the single remaining still-unopened backup envelope for Actress in a Leading Role as they walked onto the stage.

PwC issued a statement apologizing for this error:

“ We sincerely apologize to _Moonlight_, _La La Land_, Warren Beatty, Faye Dunaway, and Oscar viewers for the error that was made during the award announcement for Best Picture. The presenters had mistakenly been given the wrong category envelope and when discovered, was immediately corrected. We are currently investigating how this could have happened, and deeply regret that this occurred. We appreciate the grace with which the nominees, the Academy, ABC, and Jimmy Kimmel handled the situation. ”

An article from _ The New York Times _ explained:

“ The design of the envelopes could have been a factor. The envelopes were redesigned this year to feature red paper with gold lettering that specified the award enclosed, rather than gold paper with dark lettering. That could have made the lettering harder to read. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, not PwC, is responsible for the design and procurement of the envelopes. ”

Brian Cullinan, the PwC accountant who handed Beatty the wrong envelope, had been instructed not to use social media during the event, but had tweeted a snapshot of Emma Stone moments before handing the wrong envelope to the official presenters. _Variety_ published photographs of Cullinan that were taken at the time which showed him backstage while tweeting the image.

CRITICAL RECEPTION AND TELEVISION RATINGS

The show received a mostly positive reception from media publications. The praise was often directed toward host Kimmel. Television critic Sonia Saraiya of the _Variety _ remarked, "Kimmel’s Oscars found a way to balance the telecast between that sensibility — the treacly self-satisfaction of sweeping orchestrals and tap-dancing starlets — and the very real widening gulf between the wealthy and cultured elites in Hollywood and the global public they make art for." Robert Bianco of _ USA Today _ said that, "a host can make matters better or worse, and on that scale, Kimmel definitely fell on the 'better' side. He was a constantly amusing, good-natured presence who usually hit the mark, and who was able to recover quickly when he didn't."

Attaining 32.9 million U.S. viewers according to Nielsen ratings , the ceremony's telecast had a 4-percent drop in viewership from last year\'s ceremony and had the lowest U.S. viewership since the 80th ceremony in 2008, which averaged 32 million viewers.

_IN MEMORIAM_

The annual _In Memoriam_ segment was introduced by Jennifer Aniston , with Sara Bareilles performing a rendition of " Both Sides, Now " during the montage. Beforehand, Aniston paid verbal tribute to actor Bill Paxton , who died the day before the ceremony. The segment paid tribute to:

* Arthur Hiller * Ken Adam * Tracy Scott * Bill Nunn * Alice Arlen * George Kennedy * Gene Wilder * Donald P. Harris * Paul Sylbert * Michael Cimino * Andrzej Wajda * Patty Duke * Garry Marshall * Wilma Baker * Emmanuelle Riva * Janet Patterson * Anton Yelchin * Mary Tyler Moore * Prince * Kenny Baker * John Hurt * Jim Clark * Norma Moriceau * Fern Buchner * Kit West * Lupita Tovar * Manlio Rocchetti * Pat Conroy * Nancy Davis Reagan * Abbas Kiarostami * William Peter Blatty * Ken Howard * Tyrus Wong * Héctor Babenco * Curtis Hanson * Marni Nixon * Ray West * Raoul Coutard * Zsa Zsa Gabor * Antony Gibbs * Om Puri * Andrea Jaffe * Richard Portman * Debbie Reynolds * Carrie Fisher

ERRORS

The slide for Janet Patterson , an Australian costume designer, mistakenly used a photograph of Australian producer Jan Chapman , who is still alive.

SEE ALSO

* Academy Award portal

* 44th Annie Awards * 70th British Academy Film Awards * 22nd Critics\' Choice Awards * 74th Golden Globe Awards * 37th Golden Raspberry Awards * 32nd Independent Spirit Awards * 43rd Saturn Awards * 23rd Screen Actors Guild Awards * List of submissions to the 89th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

REFERENCES

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EXTERNAL LINKS

OFFICIAL WEBSITES

* Academy Awards official website * The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences official website * Oscar\'s Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences )

NEWS RESOURCES

* Oscars 2017 at BBC News * Oscars 2017 at _The Guardian

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