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__NOTOC__ Year 838 ( DCCCXXXVIII) was a
common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the or . Be ...
(link will display the full calendar) of the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century B ...
.


Events


By place


Byzantine Empire

*
July 22 Events Pre-1600 * 838 – Battle of Anzen The Battle of Anzen or Dazimon was fought on 22 July 838 at Anzen or Turhal, Dazimon (now Dazmana (Akçatarla), Turkey) between the Byzantine Empire and the forces of the Abbasid Caliphate. Th ...
Battle of Dazimon The Battle of Anzen or Dazimon was fought on 22 July 838 at Anzen or Turhal, Dazimon (now Dazmana (Akçatarla), Turkey) between the Byzantine Empire and the forces of the Abbasid Caliphate. The Abbasids had launched a huge expedition with two sep ...
: Caliph
Al-Mu'tasim Abū Isḥāq Muḥammad ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd ( ar, أبو إسحاق محمد بن هارون الرشيد; October 796 – 5 January 842), better known by his laqab, regnal name al-Muʿtaṣim biʾllāh (, "he who seeks refuge in God"), was ...
launches a major punitive expedition against the
Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...

Byzantine Empire
, targeting the two major Byzantine fortress cities of central
Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey. The region ...
(
Ancyra Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the list of national capitals, capital of Turkey. Located in the Central Anatolia Region, central part of Anatolia, the city has a population of 4.5 million in its urban centre and over 5 ...

Ancyra
and
Amorium Amorium was a city in Phrygia In classical antiquity Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Gre ...
). He mobilises a vast army (80,000 men) at Tarsus, Mersin, Tarsus, which is divided into two main forces. The northern force, under commander Khaydhar ibn Kawus al-Afshin, Al-Afshin, invades the Armeniac Theme from the region of Malatya, Melitene, joining up with the forces of the city's emir, Umar al-Aqta. The southern, main force, under Al-Mu'tasim, passes the Cilician Gates into Cappadocia. Emperor Theophilos (emperor), Theophilos attacks the Abbasid Caliphate, Abbasids, inflicting 3,000 casualties, but is later heavily defeated by a counter-attack of 10,000 Turkish Mounted archery, horse archers. Theophilos and his guard are encircled, and barely manage to break through and escape. * August – Sack of Amorium, Siege of Amorium: The Abbasids besiege the Byzantine fortress city of
Amorium Amorium was a city in Phrygia In classical antiquity Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Gre ...
, which is protected by 44 towers, according to the contemporary geographer Ibn Khordadbeh. Both besiegers and besieged have many siege engines, and for several days both sides exchange missile fire. However, a Muslim prisoner defects to Al-Mu'tasim, and informs him about a place in the wall which has been badly damaged by heavy rainfall. The Abbasids concentrate their hits on this section, and after two days manage to breach the Defensive wall, city wall. After two weeks of repeated attacks, the Byzantine defenders surrender. The city is sacked and plundered, 70,000 inhabitants are slaughtered, and the survivors are sold as Slavery, slaves.


Europe

* King Pepin I of Aquitaine dies after a 21-year reign. Emperor Louis the Pious appoints his youngest son Charles the Bald as his successor. The Aquitainian nobility, however, elects Pepin's son Pepin II of Aquitaine, Pepin II as the new Francia, Frankish ruler.


Britain

* Battle of Hingston Down: The Wessex, West Saxons, led by King Egbert of Wessex, defeat a combined force of Cornish people, Cornish and Danish Vikings, at Hingston Down in Cornwall. * King Fedelmid mac Crimthainn of Munster calls for a great royal meeting at Kildare, Cluain-Conaire-Tommain, between himself and King Niall Caille, Niall Caille mac Áeda of Uí Néill. * Approximate date – The Stone of Scone, Stone of Destiny, an oblong block of red sandstone, is placed at Scone Palace for the coronation of the first List of Scottish monarchs, monarchs of Scotland.


Abbasid Caliphate

* A conspiracy is discovered, led by General 'Ujayf ibn 'Anbasa, to assassinate Al-Mu'tasim while he is campaigning, and place his nephew Al-Abbas ibn al-Ma'mun on the throne. A widespread purge of the army follows, which cements the leading role of the Turkic peoples, Turkish slave-soldiers (''ghilman'') in the Abbasid military establishment. * Babak Khorramdin, an Iranian military leader, is executed by order of al-Mu'tasim. * The Yezidi rise up against the Abbasids (approximate date).M. Th. Houtsma, 1993, E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936: Volume 4 - p. 1136, Brill.


By topic


Religion

* The oldest known mention is made of the city of Rheine, on the Ems (river), Ems River (modern Germany). * The Khazars are converted to Judaism (approximate date).


Births

* Æthelswith, Anglo-Saxon queen (approximate date) * Fujiwara no Takafuji, Japanese Nobility, nobleman (d. 900) * Ubaydallah ibn Abdallah ibn Tahir, Ubaydallah ibn Abdallah, Muslim governor (approximate date)


Deaths

* November 6 – Li Yong (prince), Li Yong, prince of the Tang dynasty, Tang Dynasty * Al-Abbas ibn al-Ma'mun, Muslim prince and general * Babak Khorramdin, Iranian leader of the Khurramite uprising against the Abbasid Caliphate * Boniface II, Margrave of Tuscany, Boniface II, margrave of Tuscany (approximate date) * Bran mac Fáeláin, king of Leinster (Ireland) * Eadhun, bishop of Diocese of Winchester, Winchester * Frederick of Utrecht, Frisian bishop (approximate date) * Pepin I of Aquitaine, king of Duchy of Aquitaine, Aquitaine (b. 797) * Ralpacan, king of Tibet (approximate date) * Ratimir, Duke of Lower Pannonia, Ratimir, duke of Pannonian Slavs#Principality, Lower Pannonia * 'Ujayf ibn 'Anbasa, Muslim general * Willerich, bishop of Archbishopric of Bremen, Bremen * Ziyadat Allah I of Ifriqiya, Ziyadat Allah I, Muslim emir


References

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