7th Infantry Regiment (United States)
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The 7th Infantry Regiment is an
infantry regiment Infantry is an army specialization whose military personnel, personnel engage in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored warfare, armored forces. Also known as foot soldiers, infantrymen or infanteer, i ...
in the
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists ma ...
. In its 200-year history it has participated in 12 wars, been awarded 78 campaign streamers, and 14 unit decorations. The regiment has served in more campaigns than any other infantry unit in the United States Army. It is known as "The Cottonbalers" for its actions during the
Battle of New Orleans The Battle of New Orleans was fought on January 8, 1815 between the British Army under Major General Sir Edward Pakenham Major General Sir Edward Michael Pakenham, (19 March 1778 – 8 January 1815), was a British Army officer and polit ...

Battle of New Orleans
, while under the command of
Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American lawyer, soldier, and statesman who served as the seventh president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of ...

Andrew Jackson
, when soldiers of the 7th Infantry Regiment held positions behind a breastwork of cotton bales during the British attack. These actions and the lineage of other units that made up the 7th Infantry give the regiment campaign credit for the War of 1812.


Lineage

The regiment's official lineage is as follows: * Constituted 11 January 1812 in the
Regular Army A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intens ...
as the 8th Infantry * Organized in 1812 in
Tennessee Tennessee (, ), officially the State of Tennessee, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The S ...

Tennessee
,
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
, and the adjacent territories * Consolidated May–October 1815 with the 24th Infantry (constituted 26 June 1812) and the 39th Infantry (constituted 29 January 1813) to form the 7th Infantry * Consolidated May–June 1869 with the 36th Infantry (see ANNEX) and consolidated unit designated as the 7th Infantry * Assigned 21 November 1917 to the 3rd Division (later redesignated as the 3rd Infantry Division) * Relieved 1 July 1957 from assignment to the 3rd Infantry Division and reorganized as a parent regiment under the
Combat Arms Regimental System The Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS), was the method of assigning unit designations to units Unit may refer to: Arts and entertainment * UNIT Unit may refer to: Arts and entertainment * UNIT, a fictional military organization in the scien ...
* Withdrawn 16 December 1987 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the
United States Army Regimental System The United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic ...
ANNEX * Constituted 3 May 1861 in the Regular Army as the 3d Battalion, 18th Infantry * Organized 16 October 1861 at
Camp Thomas Camp Thomas was a United States Regular Army (United States), Regular Army training facility located in North Columbus, Ohio (now Columbus, Ohio, Columbus), during the American Civil War. It was primarily used to organize and train new infantry r ...
, Ohio * Reorganized and redesignated 26 December 1866 as the 36th Infantry * Consolidated May–June 1869 with the 7th Infantry and consolidated unit designated as the 7th Infantry ;Coat of arms * Blazon: ** Shield: Per fess Argent and Azure, a fess embattled to chief Or masoned Sable between in chief a field gun Gules on a mount Vert and in base three bendlets sinister of the first. ** Crest: On a wreath of the colors (Argent and Azure), a cotton bale Argent banded Sable in front of the two bayonets in saltire Or. * Motto: VOLENS ET POTENS (Willing and Able). * Symbolism: ** Shield: The shield is white and blue, the old and present Infantry colors. The field gun is for the
Battle of Cerro Gordo The Battle of Cerro Gordo, or Battle of Sierra Gordo, was an engagement in the Mexican–American War The Mexican–American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the (''U.S. intervention in Mexico' ...

Battle of Cerro Gordo
, where the 7th participated in the decisive attack by an assault on Telegraph Hill, a strongly fortified point. This portion of the shield is in Mexican colors—red, white and green. The wall is for the battle of Fredericksburg in which the Regiment held for twelve hours a position only eighty yards in front of a stone wall protecting the enemy. The base alludes to the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 3d Division with which the 7th Infantry served during World War I. ** Crest: The cotton bale and bayonets in the crest are taken from the arms of the 7th Infantry adopted in 1912. ** Background: The coat of arms was originally approved on 5 July 1921. It was amended on 15 Oct 1923 to add a new crest.


Campaign credits

*
War of 1812 The War of 1812 (18 June 1812 – 17 February 1815) was a conflict fought by the United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It ...
:Canada;
New Orleans New Orleans (,New Orleans
;
Florida Florida is a U.S. state, state located in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. Florida is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia (U.S. state), Geor ...

Florida
1814;
Louisiana Louisiana (Standard French Standard French (in French: ''le français standard'', ''le français normé'', ''le français neutre'' eutral Frenchor ''le français international'' nternational French is an unofficial term for a standard ...

Louisiana
1815 * :
Monterey Monterey ( es, Monterrey; Ohlone The Ohlone, formerly known as Costanoans (from Spanish ''costeño'' meaning "coast dweller"), are a Native American people of the Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a ...

Monterey
; Vera Cruz; ; ;
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Churubusco
; Molino del Rey;
Chapultepec Chapultepec, more commonly called the "Bosque de Chapultepec" (Chapultepec Forest) in Mexico City Mexico City ( es, link=no, Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX; nah, Āltepētl Mēxihco) is the capital city, capital and largest city of M ...

Chapultepec
;
Texas Texas (, ; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambigu ...

Texas
1846 *
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: Fredericksburg;
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; ;
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Gettysburg
;
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;
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Atlanta
;
New Mexico ) , population_demonym = New Mexican ( es, Neomexicano, Neomejicano, Nuevo Mexicano) , seat = Santa Fe , LargestCity = Albuquerque , LargestMetro = Greater Albuquerque , OfficialLang = None , Languages = English English usually refer ...
1861; New Mexico 1862;
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1862; Tennessee 1862; Tennessee 1863; Georgia 1864 *
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; New Mexico 1860;
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1866;
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Montana
1872; Little Big Horn;
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Nez Perces
; Utes; Pine Ridge * War with Spain :
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Santiago
* Philippine–American War :
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Samar
1901; Samar 1902 * World War I :
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;
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;
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;
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; Meuse-Argonne;
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1918;
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1918 * World War II : (with arrowhead);
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(with arrowhead); Naples-Foggia;
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;
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*
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Korean War
: CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953 * Vietnam War, Vietnam :Counteroffensive, Phase II; Counteroffensive, Phase III; Tet Offensive, Tet Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase IV; Counteroffensive, Phase V; Counteroffensive, Phase VI; Tet 69/Counteroffensive; Summer-Fall 1969; Winter-Spring 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase VII * Southwest Asia :Operation Desert Shield (Gulf War), Defense of Saudi Arabia; Gulf War#Ground campaign, Liberation and Defense of Kuwait; Cease-Fire * Iraq campaign * Afghanistan campaign


History


Origins; War of 1812

The 7th Infantry Regiment, was originally constituted on 11 January 1812 in the Regular Army as a company of the 8th Infantry Regiment (United States), 8th Infantry. was reorganized in preparation for the conflict with Great Britain which came to be known as the
War of 1812 The War of 1812 (18 June 1812 – 17 February 1815) was a conflict fought by the United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It ...
. Since that time it has remained on duty in one form or another, making it one of the five oldest continuously-serving regiments in the
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists ma ...
. After the Creek War, the regiment helped build and was stationed at Fort Crawford (Alabama), Fort Crawford in the newly-formed Alabama Territory.


Mexican–American War

The regiment was active in the American invasion of the Mexican heartland and the capture of Mexico City. Streamers awarded are: Thornton Affair, Texas 1846 Army of Occupation (Mexico), Monterey, Veracruz order of battle, Vera Cruz (sic), Cerro Gordo order of battle, Cerro Gordo, ,
Churubusco Churubusco is a neighbourhood of Mexico City ) , blank1_name_sec1 = Human Development Index, HDI , blank1_info_sec1 = 0.897 Very High , blank_name_sec2 = GDP (Nominal) , blank_info_sec2 ...

Churubusco
, Molino del Rey, and
Chapultepec Chapultepec, more commonly called the "Bosque de Chapultepec" (Chapultepec Forest) in Mexico City Mexico City ( es, link=no, Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX; nah, Āltepētl Mēxihco) is the capital city, capital and largest city of M ...

Chapultepec
, and Texas 1846


American Civil War

The regiment won 14 campaign streamers for actions during the Civil War.


Spanish–American War

The Seventh Infantry regiment fought at El Caney and Battles of San Juan Hill and Kettle Hill, San Juan Hill.


World War I

The regiment has been associated with the 3rd Infantry Division (United States), Third Infantry Division since that unit was established in World War I. The unit is credited with participation in the Aisne Defensive, the battle of Château-Thierry, the defense of the Champagne-Marne region and the attacks at Aisne-Marne, Meuse-Argonne, and
Saint-Mihiel Saint-Mihiel () is a Communes of France, commune in the Meuse (department), Meuse Departments of France, department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. Geography Saint-Mihiel lies on the banks of the river Meuse. History A Benedictine abbey was ...
.


World War II

During World War II, the regiment fought German forces on three fronts, North Africa, Italy, and Northwest Europe. It conducted four amphibious landings against beach defenses earning a spearhead device on the streamers awarded for these battles. In 1942, the regiment conducted an amphibious landing in Operation Torch, Morocco. On 10 July 1943, the regiment made an amphibious assault at Licata, Operation Husky Mollarella, Poliscia, Torre di Gaffe e Rocca San Nicola beaches starting the Allied invasion of Sicily. In 1944, it landed at
Anzio Anzio (, also , ) is a city and ''comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public se ...
, conducted a breakout and drove towards Rome. In August 1944, the regiment landed again, this time in Southern France as part of Operation Dragoon, advancing up the Rhone River to the German frontier. After fighting in the Vosges and in the Alsace at the Colmar Pocket the 7th crossed the Rhine into Germany. Taking part in the seizure of Munich it headed for Austria, reaching the Salzburg area in the waning days of the war. According to a HistoryNe
article
published in it
''World War II''
magazine, elements of the regiment serving under the 3rd Infantry Division commanded by Colonel John A. Heintges had the honor of capturing Hitler's retreat at Berchtesgaden.World War II: Race to Seize Berchtesgaden
HistoryNet 12 June 2006
The same article argues it is quite probable no other regiment in the U.S. Army in World War II exceeded the 7th in combat time.


Korean War

After World War II the 7th Infantry Regiment remained a part of the 3rd Infantry Division. When the Korean War began in June 1950, the Seventh (7th) Infantry Regiment was located at Fort Devens, Massachusetts. Already at reduced strength, the regiment was further decimated when a battalion from Fort Devens was redesignated as the Third Battalion, Eighth Cavalry Regiment, and sent to Korea to join the First Cavalry Division. The 7th Regiment sailed from San Francisco, California, on 20 August 1950, and landed in Japan on 16 September 1950. There its strength was augmented by hundreds of KATUSA (Korean Augmentation to the U.S. Army—Korean conscripts detailed to serve with U.S. units). Two months later, the regiment embarked again and landed at Wonsan on Korea's eastern coast on 21 November 1950. It joined with the 15th and 65th Infantry Regiments and moved to the northwest of the Hungnam area where it covered vis-à-vis Battle of Chosin Reservoir order of battle, Task Force Dog from Chinhung-ni, the Army's X Corps (United States), X Corps forward elements (1st Marine Division (United States)#Korean War, 1st Marine Division and 7th Infantry Division (United States)#Korean War, 7th Infantry Division Regimental Combat Team RCT 31 (AKA Task Force Faith)) withdrawal from the Battle of Chosin Reservoir, Chosin Reservoir and, joining the perimeter defense for the Hungnam Evacuation during the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) Second Phase Campaign. The 7th Regiment was the last unit off of Pink Beach at Hungnam and withdrew by sea on 24 December 1950; they moved into position north of Seoul as part of the Eighth U.S. Army's defensive line participating in the PVA Chinese Spring Offensive, April 1951 spring offensive. During the next two years, the regiment supported 3rd Division's combat operations in the Chorwon County, Chorwon-Cheorwon County, Kumwha area, fought at the Battle of Jackson Heights and Arrowhead outposts, and blocked a Battle of Kumsong, PVA push in the Kumsong Area in July 1953. During eight campaigns on the Korean battlefield, the elements of the 7th Infantry were awarded Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations. In addition, the First Battalion, Seventh Infantry Regiment won a Presidential Unit Citation (United States), Distinguished Unit Citation for its bravery at Choksong, the Second Battalion for its bravery at Kowang-ni and the Third Battalion for bravery at Presidential Unit Citation (United States)#Korean War, Segok.


Vietnam War

During the Vietnam War, elements of the regiment were assigned to the 199th Infantry Brigade.


Modern era

Presently the regiment consists of mechanized infantry units equipped with the M-2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and a Light Infantry Battalion. * 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment and 2nd Battalion, 7th Infantry, Fort Stewart, Georgia, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division * 3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry, in 1973–75 was a maneuver battalion of the 197th Separate Infantry Brigade then reorganizing and training as the XVIII Airborne Corps heavy force element. The battalion, continuing to be organized as an infantry battalion in the early phase of the 197th Brigade's reorganization into a separate mechanized infantry brigade, performed a number of important missions for the Army during this period one of which was the support of the U. S. Army Infantry Board with a detachment of 69 then 49 soldiers from headquarters and A companies to conduct the Squad Automatic Weapons Developmental/Operational Tests 1 and 2 for four months. Subsequently, the battalion became an element of the 24th Infantry Division and later the battalion operated as a maneuver battalion (light infantry battalion) of 4th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division Ft. Stewart, Georgia. The 1st and 2nd Battalions and as already noted the 3rd Battalion were assigned to the 24th Mechanized Infantry Division (United States) at Fort Stewart, Georgia on 16 December 1987. Elements of all three battalions of the 7th Infantry Regiment saw action in the Persian Gulf as part of Operation Desert Storm, Kosovo and more recently Operation Iraqi Freedom. On 16 February 1996, the battalions were assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division. ;1990–91 Gulf War The 1st Battalion 7th Infantry Regiment and the 4th Battalion 7th Infantry Regiment (from Aschaffenburg, Germany) patrolled the Czechoslovakia border with Germany for years in preparation for war with The Soviet Union (USSR). They served during Operation(s) Desert Shield and Desert Storm, and both battalions of the regiment were to serve in the theater of operations. The battalions belonged to 3rd (Phantom) Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division. The brigade itself was a round-out brigade for the 1st Armored Division and served as "Old Ironsides" lead element 1st brigade. The 4th battalion consisted of 4 companies of the new M2-A2 Bradley Fighting Vehicles, of which three companies had some augmented mix of M1 Abrams tanks attached from the brigade's 4th Battalion-66th Armor Regiment (United States), 66th Armor Regiment. Only Bravo company 4/7 "Blackhawks" remained wholly infantry. It was the mission of Bravo Company to conduct urban and trench warfare for the battalion. Several regiment personnel received Silver and Bronze Stars with "V" devices for their actions during the ground war phase. Both 1/7 and 4/7 participated in the largest tank battle in US history: The Battle of Medina Ridge. The Battle of Medina Ridge was a decisive tank battle fought during the Gulf War on 27 February 1991, between the U.S. 1st Armored Division and the entrenched 2nd Brigade of the Iraqi Republican Guard Medina Luminous Division outside Basra. It is estimated more than 5,000 vehicles (A mix of tanks, armored fighting vehicles, armored transports, heavy & light trucks-shared by both sides) clashed during this particular engagement. The 1st Armored Division, commanded by Major General Ron Griffith, consisted of some 3,000 vehicles including 348 M1A1 Abrams tanks. The brunt of the fighting at Medina Ridge was conducted by the 3rd (Phantom) Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division which was the only brigade from the 3rd Infantry Division in the war. The brigade replaced 1st Armored Division's 1st Brigade and was commanded by Colonel James Riley. Medina Ridge was one of the few battles during Desert Storm in which American forces encountered significant Iraqi resistance and found it extremely difficult to advance. During the battle, American forces suffered one fatality (An M3 Bradley Scout driver - SPC Cash-from 4th Battalion, 66th Armor) due to friendly fire, while destroying 186 Iraqi tanks (mostly T-72Ms, Asad Babils, and Type 69s), and 127 armored vehicles. Only four Abrams tanks were hit by direct fire and disabled; none were destroyed. Upon returning from Iraq in May 1991, both battalions of the 7th Infantry Regiment and the rest of Phantom Brigade received orders to deactivate and draw down from Aschaffenburg, Germany. During the summer of 1992, 4/7 Infantry regiment closed its doors at Fiori Kaserne for the last time. ;Gulf War During the Gulf War, two units of the 7th Infantry Regiment fell in the ranks of VII Corps. Corps normally command three divisions at full strength (other units such as artillery, corps-level engineers, and support units are attached as well). However, VII Corps had far more firepower under its command. 2/7 and 3/7 served with the 24th Infantry Division during the first gulf war, deploying from Fort Stewart Georgia, as part of the XVIII Airborne Corps. VII Corps' principal combat strength consisted of the following units: U.S. 1st & 3rd Armored Divisions, and U.S. 1st Infantry Division. In addition, the U.S. 2nd Cavalry Regiment (scout force), US 1st Cavalry Division, and British 1st Armored Division, as well as the U.S. 11th Aviation Group were attached for the operation. ;2003–present, Operation Iraqi Freedom Both the 2nd and 3rd Battalions of the 7th Infantry Regiment assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, the regiment's most notable achievements included seizing crossing sites over the Euphrates River and seizing the Iraqi regime's most prized possessions, Baghdad International Airport. SFC Paul Ray Smith, assigned to Company B, 11th Engineer Battalion, which directly supported 7th Infantry Regiment and was the first soldier awarded the Medal of Honor in the Global War on Terror for his actions in Iraq. They returned to Fort Stewart in September 2003. The 3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry, was reassigned to the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division in 2004, upon the creation of that new unit. Prior to that, the 3-7th Infantry had been assigned to the 1st Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division. This was a product of 3rd Infantry Division transforming to the new modular brigade concept after its return from Iraq in late 2003. 2-7th Infantry remained with the 1st Brigade Combat Team, while 3-7th Infantry joined the new 4th Brigade Combat Team. Delta Companies were also established in both 2nd and 3rd Battalions, designated as armor units and its infantry C Companies reorganized under 3-69 AR and 4-64 AR respectively while their C Companies moved under the infantry battalions to form combat arms battalions (CAB). Under transformation, E Companies were added from the 11th Engineer Battalion and forward support companies were added to support the CAB. After a tough train-up period during 2004, the reorganized 2nd and 3rd Battalions, 7th Infantry Regiment deployed to Iraq for Operation Iraqi Freedom III with their respective brigade combat teams (1st and 4th Brigade Combat Teams). 2-7 Infantry deployed to Iraq for a second tour in December 2004 until January 2006, to Saddam Hussien's hometown of Tikrit. The 3rd Battalion assumed responsibility of Western Rashid in Baghdad, an area encompassing more than 800,000 Iraqis. The 7th Infantry Regiment's most notable achievement was ensuring the security of over 100 polling sites during two Iraqi national elections. In January 2007, 2-7 Infantry deployed to Iraq for a third, 15-month tour. The unit served in Al Anbar Governorate, the largest province in Iraq, under the command and control of Multi-National Forces West. TF 2-7 deployed to Hīt, with Company C, 2-7 IN attached to TF 3rd Battalion, 69th Armor Regiment, 3-69 AR (Speed and Power) in south-central Ramadi. Cold Steel was instrumental, with its Iraqi Army and Police partners in bringing peace and stability to Ramadi during the Anbar Awakening. The 2nd Battalion redeployed in April 2008. In 2007 the 4th Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division was alerted for deployment to Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom in late 2007. 3-7 Infantry became critical to the success of the surge ordered by President Bush. Numerous Operations were conducted, and most notably Operation Marne Avalanche. One AO in particular (Wasit Provence) was controlled by a single armor platoon of 16 men and was the largest AO in Iraq. The 4th Brigade, including the 3-7th Infantry, continued to serve in that country into 2008. In December 2009, 2-7 Infantry deployed to Iraq for a fourth time as an advise and assist battalion. B-Co. 2-7 was located south of Baghdad in the town of Mahmudiyah. From July 2010 to July 2011, 3-7 Infantry deployed to Ramadi with the 4th Infantry Brigade Combat Team in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn (Iraq, 2010–2011), Operation New Dawn, with Attack Company providing Advise and Assist to the Iraqi Army at Al-Taqqaddum Air Base. After the new year, the Cottonbalers moved to al Asad Airbase where they provided training to the Iraqi Army before redeploying to a brand new Light Infantry Brigade facility at Fort Stewart, Georgia. ;Operation Enduring Freedom From September 2012 to May 2013, 2/7 Infantry deployed to numerous locations in some of the most rugged and hostile areas throughout Afghanistan as part of a Combined Joint Special Operations task force. The Battalion returned to Fort Stewart at the end of this deployment. In March 2013, 3/7 Infantry deployed to Logar Province, Afghanistan as division reserve force at Forward Operating Base Shank. They returned to the United States at the end of the year.


Decorations

* Navy Unit Commendation for HIT, Iraq (13 January 2007 – 26 March 2008) attachment to 2nd Marine Expeditionary Force * Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for COLMAR * Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for Presidential Unit Citation (United States)#Korean War, CHOKSONG * Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for Presidential Unit Citation (United States)#Korean War, SEGOK * Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for Presidential Unit Citation (United States)#Korean War, KOWANG-NI * Valorous Unit Award for SAIGON – LONG BINH * Presidential Unit Citation IRAQ – KUWAIT (1990–91) * Valorous Unit Award for IRAQ – KUWAIT (1990–91)(C co 3-7 INF per DAGO 1994-27) * Meritorious Unit Award (Army) for IRAQ – KUWAIT (1990–91) * Army Superior Unit Award for 1994 * French Croix de Guerre with Gilt Star, World War I for AISNE-MARNE * French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II for COLMAR * French Croix de Guerre, World War II, Fourragere * Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for UIJONGBU CORRIDOR * Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for IRON TRIANGLE * Chryssoun Aristion Andrias (Bravery Gold Medal of Greece) for KOREA * Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM I (2003) * Valorous Unit Award for Operation Iraqi Freedom III


Notable members

* James Arness, actor * Lloyd James Austin III, General, Commander, United States Forces – Iraq * Hugh Boyd Casey, Hugh B. Casey Major, United States Army * Pat W. Crizer, Lieutenant General *Garlin Murl Conner (24 January 1945), Medal of Honor recipient {Posthumous] * Jerry K. Crump (6 & 7 September 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * Rudolph B. Davila (28 May 1944), Medal of Honor recipient * John Essebagger, Jr. (25 April 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * Charles L. Gilliland (25 April 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * Clair Goodblood (24 & 25 April 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * John S. Guthrie, Major General * Harold K. Johnson, General, Army Chief of Staff, 1964 to 1968 * Noah O. Knight (23 & 24 November 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * Darwin K. Kyle (16 February 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * John M. LeMoyne, Lieutenant General * Leroy A. Mendonca (4 July 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * Troy H. Middleton, Lieutenant General, corps commander during World War II * Hiroshi H. Miyamura (24 & 25 April 1951) Medal of Honor recipient * Harley F. Mooney, Jr., Brigadier General * Paul Ray Smith (4 April 2003) Medal of Honor recipient * Jose F. Valdez (25 January 1945) Medal of Honor recipient * Frederick C. Weyand, General, Army Chief of Staff, 1974 to 1976 * Zachary Taylor, Major General (US Army); 12th President of the United States


Other units called "7th Infantry Regiment"

There was a 7th Infantry Regiment raised for the 1798 Quasi-War with France. It was mustered out without seeing active service. Another 7th Infantry Regiment was raised in April 1808, and saw service in the
War of 1812 The War of 1812 (18 June 1812 – 17 February 1815) was a conflict fought by the United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It ...
. During the 1815 postwar reduction in force it was consolidated into the 1st Infantry Regiment (United States), 1st Infantry Regiment. It was this regiment that fought at New Orleans in 1815. The official lineage followed the 8th Regiment after the war.


See also

*Seventh Regiment Armory *List of United States Regular Army Civil War units


Notes

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References

* *


Bibliography

* John C. McManus, ''The 7th Infantry Regiment: Combat in an Age of Terror: The Korean War Through the Present'', New York: Forge (2008) {{DEFAULTSORT:007 Infantry regiments of the United States Army, 0007 Military units and formations of the United States in the Indian Wars Military units and formations established in 1812 United States Regular Army Civil War regiments Active Infantry regiments of the United States Army, 007th Infantry Regiment 1812 establishments in the United States