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78th Tank Regiment (1945–1949) 15th Tank Division (1949–1965) 78th Tank Division (1965–1992) 78th Mechanized Division (1992–2003)

Active 1942–2003

Country

 Soviet Union (1942–1992)  Kazakhstan (1992–2003)

Branch

Soviet Army (1942–1992) Kazakh Ground Forces (1992–2003)

Type Armored

Garrison/HQ Ayaguz (1970–2003)

Engagements

World War II

Toropets–Kholm Offensive Leningrad-Novgorod Offensive Riga Offensive (1944) Courland Pocket

Decorations Order of the Red Banner

Battle honours

Nevel Kabanbai Batyr

Commanders

Notable commanders Anatoly Kvashnin

The 78th Tank Division was a division of the Soviet Ground Forces, active from 1965 to the 1990s. It was originally established in 1949 as the 15th Tank Division, from the 78th Heavy Tank Self-Propelled Regiment (the former 78th Tank Brigade). It gained the 78th designation in 1965. It was part of the 1st Army Corps from 1960, and was based at Ayaguz from 1970. Anatoly Kvashnin commanded the division from 1982 to 1987.[1] In 1991, on the fall of the Soviet Union, the 78th Tank Division was serving at Ayaguz, Kazakh SSR, in the Turkestan Military District.[2] In March 1992 it became part of the Kazakh Ground Forces, and soon after became the 78th Mechanized Division. In 1992 it became a mechanized division. In 2000, it received the honorific "Kabanbai Batyr". [3]In 2003, the division disbanded due to the reorganization of the Kazakh Ground Forces into brigades. The 369th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment became the 3rd Separate Guards Mechanized Brigade. The 180th and 156th Tank Regiments became the 11th Kabanbai Batyr Tank Brigade. The 1030th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment became the 34th Artillery Brigade. History[edit] Cold War[edit] On 23 August 1949, the 78th Heavy Tank Self-Propelled Regiment was upgraded into the 15th Tank Division at Ashgabat, part of the Turkestan Military District. On 23 May 1953, it was reorganized. The 31st Motor Rifle Regiment became the 135th Mechanized Regiment, the 1062nd Artillery Regiment was formed from the mortar regiment and howitzer battalion, the 85th Separate Motorcycle Battalion became a reconnaissance battalion and the chemical defense company was activated. The anti-aircraft artillery regiment was renumbered as the 1144th in April 1955. In June 1957, the division was reorganized again. The 135th Mechanized Regiment became the 374th Motor Rifle Regiment, the 96th Tank Regiment was disbanded and replaced by the 143rd Tank Regiment and the 78th Heavy Tank Self-Propelled Regiment disbanded. In 1960, the separate tank training battalion was disbanded. In October 1960, the division became part of the 1st Army Corps. On 19 February 1962 the 345th Separate Missile Battalion and separate equipment maintenance and recovery battalion were activated.[2] On 11 January 1965, the division was redesignated as the 78th Tank Division, restoring its original World War II number. In April 1970, the 374th Motor Rifle Regiment moved to the 155th Motor Rifle Division and was replaced by the 5th Guards Motor Rifle Division's 369th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment. At the same time the division transferred to Ayaguz. In 1972, the chemical defense company became the 564th Separate Chemical Defense Battalion. The 1052nd Separate Material Supply Battalion was formed in 1980 from the motor transport battalion. On 24 September 1981, the division became part of the 32nd Army. In 1988, the division was equipped with T-62 tanks and BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles. On 1 March 1988, it returned to control of the 1st Army Corps. On 4 June 1991 it became part of the reformed 40th Army.During the Cold War it was maintained at 65% strength. In March 1992 it was taken over by Kazakhstan.[2] References[edit]

^ "Анатолий Васильевич Квашнин. Биография" [Anatoly Vasilyevich Kvashnin: Biography]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 14 May 2008. Retrieved 2016-03-26.  ^ a b c Holm, Michael. "78th Tank Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-03-26.  ^ Decree of the Government of Kazakhstan No. 1576 "On the naming and renaming of educational and cultural institutions and military units of the Republic of Kazakhstan" (Russian)

Divisions of the Soviet Union 1957–1989

Airborne divisions

7th Guards 31st Guards 44th Training Airborne Division 76th Guards 98th Guards 103rd Guards 104th Guards 105th Guards 106th Guards 107th Guards 242nd Training Centre

Artillery divisions

Artillery Divisions

2nd 15th Guards 20th Training 26th 34th 51st Guards 55th 81st 110th Guards 149th

Aviation divisions

1st 12th 16th 22nd 36th 55th 95th 326th

Motor Rifle

1st Guards 2nd Guards 3rd Guards 4th Guards 4th 5th Guards 6th Guards 8th Guards 9th Guards 9th 10th Guards 11th Guards 12th 13th 14th Guards 15th Guards 16th Guards 17th Guards 18th Guards 18th 19th 20th Guards 21st Guards 22nd 23rd Guards 24th 25th Guards 26th Guards 27th Guards 27th 28th Guards 29th Guards 30th Guards 31st Guards 32nd 33rd Guards 33rd 34th Guards 35th Guards 36th Guards 37th Guards 38th Guards 39th Guards 40th 41st 42nd 42nd Guards 43rd 44th 45th Guards 46th 47th 47th Guards 48th Guards 48th 49th 50th Guards 51st Guards 52nd 53rd Guards 54th 55th Guards 56th 57th Guards 58th 59th Guards 60th 61st 62nd Guards 62nd 63rd Guards 64th Guards 65th 66th Guards 67th 68th 69th 70th Guards 71st 72nd Guards 73rd 74th 75th 77th Guards 78th 79th 80th 81st Guards 82nd 83rd Guards 84th 85th 86th Guards 87th Guards 88th 89th 90th Guards 91st 92nd Guards 92nd 93rd Guards 93rd 94th Guards 95th 96th 97th Guards 99th 100th 101st 102nd 108th 109th Guards 110th 111th 112th Guards 113th Guards 114th Guards 114th 115th Guards 116th 117th 118th 119th 120th Guards 121st 122nd Guards 123rd Guards 124th 125th 126th 127th 128th Guards 129th 130th 131st 134th 144th Guards 145th 146th 147th 148th 149th 150th 152nd 157th 164th 180th 192nd 197th 198th 199th 201st 203rd 207th 213th 216th 242nd 245th 254th 265th 266th 270th 272nd 295th

Rocket divisions (ballistic missiles)

7th 28th 35th 42nd 46th 54th 62nd

Tank divisions

2nd Guards 3rd Guards 4th Guards 5th Guards 6th Guards 7th Guards 8th Guards 9th 9th Guards 10th Guards 11th 11th Guards 12th Guards 16th Guards 17th Guards 19th Guards 21st Guards 22nd Guards 30th Guards 32nd Guards 34th 36th 37th Guards 40th Guards 41st Guards 42nd Guards 44th Tank Training 75th Guards 78th 79th Guards 90th Guards 193rd

Other

Latvian Riflemen Sovie

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