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The 76th Regiment of Foot
76th Regiment of Foot
was a British Army
British Army
regiment, raised in 1787. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 33rd (Duke of Wellington's) Regiment to form the Duke of Wellington's Regiment
Duke of Wellington's Regiment
in 1881.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Formation 1.2 India 1.3 Napoleonic Wars 1.4 The Victorian era

2 Battle honours 3 Colonels 4 References 5 Sources 6 Further reading

History[edit]

Sir Thomas Musgrave, 7th Baronet, founder of the regiment, by Georg Siegmund Facius after Lemuel Francis Abbott.

Formation[edit] The regiment was raised by Sir Thomas Musgrave, 7th Baronet
Sir Thomas Musgrave, 7th Baronet
for service in India
India
as the 76th Regiment of Foot
76th Regiment of Foot
in October 1787.[1] In accordance with the Declaratory Act 1788 the cost of raising the regiment was recharged to East India
India
Company on the basis that the act required that expenses "should be defrayed out of the revenues" arising there.[1] The majority of recruits were raised from Nottingham and Leicestershire, but many of them also came from the Musgrave family estates around Hayton Castle, near Aspatria, Cumbria.[2] The Royal Warrant for their raising was issued on 12 October 1787 and read: GEORGE R. Whereas We have thought fit to order a Regt of Foot to be forthwith raised under your Command, which is to consist of ten Companies, with 3 Sergts, 4 Corpls, 2 Drumrs & 71 private Men in each, with two Fifers to the Grenadier Compy and one Compy, of 8 Sergts, 8 Corpls, 4 Drumrs & 30 private Men with the usuals Comd. Officers, these are to authorise you by Beat of Drum or otherwise to raise so many Men in any Country or part of our Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
as shall be wanted to complete the said Regt, to the above mentioned numbers. And all above Given the 12th October. 1787 in the 27th Year of Our Reign. By H.M.'s Command (Sd.) Geo. Yonge[3] India[edit]

Moat
Moat
at Aligarh Fort
Aligarh Fort
where the siege took place in September 1803

The regiment embarked for India
India
in 1788 for service in the Third Anglo-Mysore War and saw action at the Siege of Bangalore
Siege of Bangalore
in February 1791[4] and the Siege of Seringapatam in February 1792.[5][6] The regiment also saw service in the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Second Anglo-Maratha War
and fought at the Siege of Aligarh
Siege of Aligarh
in September 1803.[7] The regiment laid siege to Aligarh Fort, a fort commanded by a French mercenary officer Pierre Perron and captured it from the Marathas.[7] During the assault, fourteen ditches were lined with sword-blades and poisoned chevaux-de-frise around the fort by the French.[7] The walls were reinforced with French artillery and tigers and lions of Scindia's menagerie were also used by the French.[7] During the battle, the British lost as many as 900 soldiers.[7] The regiment went on to fight at the Battle of Delhi in September 1803, the Battle of Laswari
Battle of Laswari
in November 1803 and the Battle of Deeg
Battle of Deeg
in November 1804.[5] For their distinguished service in these actions, King George III gave his authorisation to the regiment, allowing them to have the word "Hindoostan" emblazoned upon the regimental colours, along with an elephant badge with a howdah atop the elephant, also inscribed with the word "Hindoostan".[8] The regiment returned to England and became the 76th (Hindoostan) Regiment of Foot in October 1806.[1] Napoleonic Wars[edit]

The Battle of Plattsburgh, September 1814

In 1807, the regiment was deployed to Jersey
Jersey
in the Channel Islands for garrison duty, remaining there until 1808, when it was deployed to Spain to take part in the Peninsular War.[5] The regiment took part in the Battle of Corunna
Battle of Corunna
in January 1809 and was evacuated from the Peninsula later that month.[5] The regiment took part in the disastrous Walcheren Campaign
Walcheren Campaign
in autumn 1809 and, having reverted to the title of 76th Regiment of Foot
76th Regiment of Foot
in 1812,[1] returned to the Peninsula in 1813 seeing action at the Battle of Nivelle
Battle of Nivelle
in November 1813[9] and the Battle of the Nive
Battle of the Nive
in December 1813.[10] It then embarked for North America for service in the War of 1812
War of 1812
and saw action at the Battle of Plattsburgh
Battle of Plattsburgh
in September 1814.[11] The Victorian era[edit]

Depiction of the Rebecca Riots, Illustrated London News 1843

The regiment did not return from North America until 1827.[5] It was garrisoned in Ireland
Ireland
until 1834 when it departed for the West Indies.[12] It went on to Canada
Canada
in 1841 before returning home in 1842.[12] The regiment were deployed to South Wales later in the year to help suppress the Rebecca Riots.[13] After that the regiment went to Corfu
Corfu
in 1848 and on to Malta
Malta
in 1850 before sailing for Saint John, New Brunswick
New Brunswick
in March 1853.[14] It was garrisoned at Fredericton
Fredericton
in New Brunswick[13] before embarking for home again in September 1857.[15] It embarked for India
India
in September 1863[16] and was stationed in Fort St. George, Madras[13] before moving on to Burma in January 1868, returning to India
India
again in 1870 and sailing for England in 1876.[17] As part of the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, where single-battalion regiments were linked together to share a single depot and recruiting district in the United Kingdom, the 76th was linked with the 33rd (Duke of Wellington's) Regiment, and assigned to district no. 9 at Wellesley Barracks
Wellesley Barracks
in Halifax.[18] On 1 July 1881 the Childers Reforms came into effect and the regiment amalgamated with the 33rd (Duke of Wellington's) Regiment to form the Duke of Wellington's Regiment.[1] Battle honours[edit] Battle honours won by the regiment were:[1]

Hindoostan Peninsular War: Nive, Peninsula

Colonels[edit] Colonels of the Regiments were:[1]

76th Regiment of Foot
76th Regiment of Foot
(1787) ;76th (Hindoostan) Regiment of Foot (1806)

1787–1812: Gen. Sir Thomas Musgrave, 7th Baronet

76th Regiment of Foot
76th Regiment of Foot
(1812)

1813–1814: Lt.-Gen. Sir George Prévost 1814–1834: Lt-Gen Christopher Chowne 1834–1836: Gen. Sir Peregrine Maitland, GCB 1843: Lt-Gen. George Middlemore, CB 1843–1853: Lt-Gen. Sir Robert Arbuthnot, KCB 1853–1862: Gen. William Jervois, KH 1862–1871: Lt-Gen. Joseph Clarke 1871–1875: Lt-Gen. Matthew Smith 1875–1881: Gen. Frederick Darley George, CB 1881: Regiment amalgamated with 33rd (Duke of Wellington's) Regiment of Foot to form The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g "76th Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 25 February 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Brereton & Savory, p. 79 ^ Hayden, p. 142 ^ Hayden, p. 6–10 ^ a b c d e "76th Regiment of Foot: Locations". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 16 June 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2017.  ^ Hayden, p. 8–12 ^ a b c d e Thackeray, chapter 2 ^ Hayden, p. 61 ^ Hayden, p. 87–89 ^ Hayden, p. 90–91 ^ Hayden, p. 104–106 ^ a b Hayden, p. 112 ^ a b c Capewell, Roger. "76th Regiment of Foot". Family History in India. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2017.  ^ Hayden, p. 114 ^ Hayden, p. 116 ^ Hayden, p. 122 ^ Hayden, p. 130 ^ "Training Depots". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 

Sources[edit]

Brereton, J.M.; Savory, A.C.S. (1993). History of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment. Duke of Wellington's Regiment. ISBN 0-9521552-0-6.  Hayden, Frederick Arthur (1908). Historical Record of the 76th "Hindoostan" Regiment from Its Formation in 1787 to 30th June 1881. Johnson's Head.  Thackeray, William Makepeace (2013). "The Tremendous Adventures of Major Gahagan Chapter 2". CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1490979120. Archived from the original on 2007-06-23. 

Further reading[edit]

Buckley, Roger Norman (1998). The British Army
British Army
in the West Indies: Society and the Military in the Revolutionary Age. University Press of Florida. ISBN 9780813016047. 

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Yorkshire Regiment

Predecessors

1st generation

West Yorkshire Regiment
Yorkshire Regiment
(Prince of Wales's Own) (1685–1958) East Yorkshire Regiment
Yorkshire Regiment
(Duke of York's Own) (1685–1958) Green Howards
Green Howards
(Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (1688–2006) 33rd (Duke of Wellington's) Regiment of Foot
33rd (Duke of Wellington's) Regiment of Foot
(1755–1881) 76th Regiment of Foot
76th Regiment of Foot
(1745–1881)

2nd generation

Duke of Wellington's Regiment
Duke of Wellington's Regiment
(1881–2006) Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire
Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire
(1958–2006)

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Regiments of Foot 1740–1881

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Lincoln Volunteers) 83rd (County of Dublin) 84th (1758-1764) 84th (Royal Highland Emigrants) 84th (York and Lancaster) 85th (Royal Volontiers Light Infantry) 85th (1779-1783) 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (The King's Light Infantry) 86th (1759-1763) 86th (1779-1783) 86th (Royal County Down) 87th (Keith's Highlanders) 87th (1779-1783) 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) 88th (Highland Volunteers) 88th (1779-1783) 88th (Connaught Rangers) 89th (Highland) 89th (1779-1783) 89th (Princess Victoria's) 90th (Irish Light Infantry) 90th (Yorkshire Volunteers) 90th (Perthshire Light Infantry) 91st (1759-1763) 91st (Shropshire Volunteers) 91st (1793-1795) 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders) 92nd (Donegal Light Infantry) 92nd (1779-1783) 92nd (1793-1795) 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) 93rd (1760-1763) 93rd (1779-1783) 93rd (Highland) (1794-1995) 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) 94th (Royal Welsh Volunteers) 94th (1780-1783) 94th (Irish) 94th (Scots Brigade) 94th 95th (1759-1763) 95th (1780-1783) 95th 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102nd (Irish) 102nd (New South Wales Corps) 102nd (Royal Madras Fusiliers) 103rd Regiment of Foot (Volunteer Hunters) 103rd Regiment of Foot (King's Irish Infantry) 103rd (Loyal Bristol Volunteers) 103rd (1809-1816) 103rd (Royal Bombay Fusiliers) 104th (King's Volunteers) 104th (1780-1783) 104th (Royal Manchester Volunteers) 104th ( New Brunswick
New Brunswick
Regiment) 104th (Bengal Fusiliers) 105th (Queen's Own Royal Highlanders) 105th (Volunteers of Ireland) 105th (1794-1796) 105th (Madras Light Infantry) 106th (Black Musqueteers) 106th (1794-1796) 106th (Bombay Light Infantry) 107th (Queen's Own Royal Regiment of British Volunteers) 107th 1794-1795 107th (Bengal Light Infantry) 108th (1760-1763) 108th (1794-1795) 108th (Madras Infantry) 109th (1761-1763) 109th (Aberdeenshire) 109th (Bombay Infantry) 110th (Queen's Royal Musqueteers) 110th (1794-1795) 111th (1761-1763) 111th (Loyal Birmingham Volunteers) 112th (King's Royal Musqueteers) 112th (1794-1795) 113th (Royal Highlanders) 113th (1794-1795) 114th (Royal Highlander Volunteers) 114th (1794-1795) 115th (Royal Scotch Lowlanders) 115th (Prince William's) 116th (Invalids) 116th (Perthshire Highlanders) 117th (Invalids) 117th (1793-1795) 118th (Invalids) 118th (1794-1795) 119th (The Prince's Own) 119th (1794-1796) 120th (1762-1763) 120th (1794-1795) 121st (1761-1763) 121st (1794-1795) 122nd (1762-1764) 122nd (1794-1796) 123rd (1762-1764) 123rd (1794-1796) 124th (1762-1763) 124th (Waterford) 125th 126th 127th 128th 129th 130th 131st 132nd (Highland) 133rd (Highland) 134th (Loyal Limerick) 135th (Limerick)

Regimental titles in italics indicate they were disbanded or renumbered

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