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The 6TH CENTURY is the period from 501
501
to 600
600
in accordance with the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
in the Common Era
Common Era
. In the West this century marks the end of Classical Antiquity
Classical Antiquity
and the beginning of the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
. Following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
late in the previous century, Europe fractured into many small Germanic Kingdoms, which competed fiercely for land and wealth. From this upheaval the Franks
Franks
rose to prominence, and carved out a sizeable domain encompassing much of modern France and Germany. Meanwhile, the surviving Eastern Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire
began to expand under the emperor Justinian
Justinian
, who eventually recaptured North Africa from the Vandals
Vandals
, and attempted to fully recover Italy
Italy
as well in the hope of re-establishing Roman control over the lands once ruled by the Western Roman Empire .

During its second Golden Age, the Sassanid Empire reached the peak of its power under Khosrau I in the 6th century. The classical Gupta Empire of Northern India
Northern India
, largely overrun by the Huna , ended in the mid-6th century. In Japan
Japan
, the Kofun period gave way to the Asuka period . After being divided for more than 150 years into the Southern and Northern Dynasties , China
China
was reunited under the Sui Dynasty toward the end of the 6th century. The Three Kingdoms of Korea persisted throughout the 6th century. The Göktürks became a major power in Central Asia
Central Asia
after defeating the Rouran .

In the Americas
Americas
, Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
began to decline in the 6th century after having reached its zenith between AD 150 and 450. Classic Period of the Maya civilization
Maya civilization
in Central America
Central America
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events * 2 Significant people * 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions * 4 References

EVENTS

This Buddhist
Buddhist
stela from China
China
, Northern Wei
Northern Wei
period, was built in the early 6th century.

* Early 6th century
6th century
Ah Suytok Tutul Xiu founds Uxmal
Uxmal
.

Uxmal
Uxmal

* Early 6th century
6th century
– Archangel Michael, panel of a dyptich probably from the court workshop at Constantinople
Constantinople
, is made. It is now kept at The British Museum
British Museum
, London
London
. * Early 6th century
6th century
– Page with Rebecca at the Well, from "Book of Genesis ", probably made in Syria
Syria
or Palestine , is made. It is now kept at Österreichische Nationalbibliothek , Vienna
Vienna
. * By 6th century
6th century
Shilpa Shastras
Shilpa Shastras
is written. * Early 6th century
6th century
– first academy of the east the Academy of Gundeshapur founded in Iran
Iran
by Khosrau I of Persia
Persia
. * Early 6th century
6th century
– Irish colonists and invaders, the Scots, began migrating to Caledonia (later known as Scotland
Scotland
). Migration from south-west Britain to Brittany
Brittany
. * Early 6th century
6th century
Glendalough
Glendalough
monastery , Wicklow Ireland founded on St. Kevin . Many similar foundations in Ireland
Ireland
and Wales. * Early 6th century
6th century
Zen
Zen
Buddhism
Buddhism
enters Vietnam
Vietnam
from China. * Early 6th century
6th century
Haniwa
Haniwa
, from Kyoto
Kyoto
, is made during the Kofun period * Early 6th century
6th century
– Basilica of Sant\'Apollinare in Classe 's apse's mosaic is completed. * Early 6th century
6th century
- Cassiodorus
Cassiodorus
founds a cenobitic monastery and scrinium at Vivarium in Italy
Italy
* 502 : Chinese annals mentioned the existence of the Buddhist Kingdom, Kanto Lim in South Sumatra, presumably in the neighborhood of present-day Palembang. * 507 : Battle of Vouillé * 518
518
: Eastern Roman Emperor
Emperor
Anastasius I dies and is succeeded by Justin I
Justin I
. * 522 : Byzantines obtain silkworm eggs and begin silkworm cultivation * c. 524
524
: Boethius writes his Consolation of Philosophy. * 525 : Having settled in Rome
Rome
c. 500
500
, Scythian monk Dionysius Exiguus invents the Anno Domini
Anno Domini
era calendar based on the estimated birth year of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
. * 527 : Justinian
Justinian
I succeeds Justin I
Justin I
as Emperor
Emperor
of the Eastern Roman Empire. * 529 : Saint Benedict of Nursia
Benedict of Nursia
founds the monastery of Monte Cassino in Italy. * 532
532
: Nika riots in Constantinople
Constantinople
; the cathedral is destroyed. They are put down a week later by Belisarius and Mundus ; up to 30,000 people are killed in the Hippodrome . * 535
535
: Postulated volcanic eruption in the tropics which causes several years of abnormally cold weather , resulting in mass famine in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
. (See Extreme weather events of 535–536 .) * 537 : Battle of Camlann
Battle of Camlann
, final battle of legendary King Arthur
King Arthur
. * 541 - 542 : First pandemic of bubonic plague (Plague of Justinian
Justinian
) hits Constantinople
Constantinople
and the rest of Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
. * 543 / 544 : One of Justinian
Justinian
's edict leads to the Three-Chapter Controversy * 545
545
: Nubian Kingdom of Nobatia converts to Christianity
Christianity
. * Mid- 6th century
6th century
Buddhist
Buddhist
Jataka
Jataka
stories are translated into Persian by order of the Zoroastrian
Zoroastrian
king Khosrau . * Mid- 6th century
6th century
– Cave-Temple of Shiva at Elephanta Caves
Elephanta Caves
, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
, India
India
, is built. Post- Gupta period. * Mid- 6th century
6th century
– Eternal Shiva, rock-cut relief in the Cave-Temple of Shiva at Elephanta Caves, is made * Second half of 6th century
6th century
– Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels, icon, is made. It is now kept at Saint Catherine\'s Monastery , Egypt
Egypt
. * 550 : Kingdom of Funan dies out. * 551
551
: Bumin Khagan founded the Turkic Khaganate
Turkic Khaganate
in the Central Asia * 552 : Buddhism
Buddhism
introduced to Japan
Japan
from Baekje
Baekje
during the Asuka period . * 553 : Second Council of Constantinople
Constantinople
* 554 : Eviction of the Ostrogoths
Ostrogoths
from Rome, and the re-unification of all Italy
Italy
under Byzantine rule. * 561 to 592 : Buddhist
Buddhist
monk Jnanagupta translates 39 sutras from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
to Chinese . * 563 : The monastery on Iona
Iona
is founded by St. Columba . * 566 : Birth of Lǐ Yuān , founder of the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
and Emperor of China
China
under the name of Gaozu (618-626) * 568 : Lombards
Lombards
invade Italy
Italy
and establish a federation of dukedoms under a king. * 569 : Nubian kingdom of Alodia converts to Christianity. * 569 : Nubian kingdom of Makuria converts to Christianity. * 570 : Birth of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad
Muhammad
. * 574 : The Byzantine empire is invaded by various Slavs
Slavs
, the Balkans are plundered by the Slavs. * 577 : China's Chen Dynasty
Chen Dynasty
invents matches . * 579 to 590
590
: Reign of Persian Shah
Shah
Hormizd IV . * 582 to 602 : Reign of Byzantine Emperor
Emperor
Maurice . * 585 : Suebian Kingdom conquered by Visigoths
Visigoths
in Spain. * 587
587
: Reccared , king of the Visigoths
Visigoths
in Spain, converts to Catholicism
Catholicism
. * 588 : Shivadeva ascends the throne of the Lichchhavi dynasty in Nepal
Nepal
. * 589 : Third Council of Toledo adds the "filioque " clause to the Nicene Creed in Spain. * 589 : China
China
reunified under the Sui Dynasty
Sui Dynasty
( 589 – 618). * 590
590
: Gregory the Great succeeds Pope Pelagius II (who dies of plague) as the 64th pope. * 595 : Pope Gregory sends Roman monks led by Augustine to England.

SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE

* Amalasuntha , (c. 495 – 534/535), Queen of the Ostrogoths, daughter of Theoderic the Great * Arator , Christian poet from Liguria
Liguria
* King Arthur
King Arthur
, legendary British king and victor over the Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons

King Arthur
King Arthur

* Aryabhata
Aryabhata
, Discoverer of Zero * Augustine of Canterbury
Augustine of Canterbury
, Roman monk, missionary, and bishop * B\'alam Nehn was the 7th Ajaw of Copan (504–544) * Belisarius , Byzantine general * Benedict of Nursia
Benedict of Nursia
, (480–547), Umbrian founder of Western Monasticism * Beowulf
Beowulf
, legendary king of the Geats * Bodhidharma , founder of Chan Buddhism
Buddhism
* Boethius , (c.480-525), Roman philosopher and theologian * Bozorgmehr , Persian sage * Caesarius of Arles , (468/470 – 542), Bishop and Theologian * Cassiodorus
Cassiodorus
, (c.485-c.585), Roman senator and scholar * Clovis I
Clovis I
, (c. 466–511), first sole King of the Franks
Franks
* Columbanus
Columbanus
, (540–615), Irish monk and missionary * Dayi Daoxin , (580-651), fourth Chán Buddhist
Buddhist
Patriarch * Dazu Huike , (487-593), second Chán Buddhist
Buddhist
Patriarch * Ennodius , (473/4 – 521), Bishop of Pavia, poet * Gregory the Great , (c. 540 - 604 ), theologian, sixty-fourth pope (590-604), and civil administrator of Rome * Gregory of Tours
Gregory of Tours
(c. 538–594), Frankish bishop and historian * Hrodgar , legendary Danish king depicted in Beowulf
Beowulf
* Jianzhi Sengcan , (d. 606), third Chán Buddhist
Buddhist
Patriarch * Jizang , (549–623), Buddhist
Buddhist
monk and scholar, founder of the Three Treatise School * Jordanes
Jordanes
, Byzantine author of the Getica * Justinian
Justinian
, (527–565), Byzantine Emperor
Emperor
* K\'ak\' Chan Yopaat (578–628) 11th Ajaw of Copan

Ajaw K'ak' Chan Yopaat

* Karaikkal Ammeiyar , one of the few females amongst the sixty three Nayanmars, is one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature * Khosrau I of Persia
Persia
, Sassanid
Sassanid
Shah
Shah
(531–579) * Leander of Seville
Leander of Seville
, (c.534-601), Spanish bishop and theologian * Mohammad
Mohammad
, Final Prophet of Islam
Islam
, (born 570 ) * Muhan Khan , Khagan of Göktürk Empire from ( 554 - 572) during which Sogdian influence reached its zenith * Procopius
Procopius
, Byzantine historian * Radegund (ca. 520–587), Thuringian princess and Frankish queen, later nun and founder of the Abbey of the Holy Cross at Poitiers * Suiko , Japanese empress * Shōtoku Taishi , (573–621), Japanese statesman, philosopher, and writer of a 17 article constitution * Sak-Lu (551–553) 9th Ajaw of Copan * Taliesin
Taliesin
, Welsh poet * Theodora , (c. 500
500
– 548), Byzantine empress, wife and counselor to Emperor
Emperor
Justinian
Justinian
I * Theoderic the Great
Theoderic the Great
, (c. 454 – 526), King of the Ostrogoths, king of Italy, regent of the Visigoths, and patricius of the Roman Empire * Tirunavukkarasar , Indian poet (late 6th century-mid-7th century) * Tuun K\'ab\' Hix Ajaw of The Kaan Kingdom ( Calakmul
Calakmul
) (520-546) * Tzi-B\'alam (553–578) 10th Ajaw of Copan * Uneh Chan was a Maya Ajaw of the Kaan kingdom (Calakmul) He ruled from AD 579 to 611. * Symmachus (fl. 522-526) consul, praefectus urbi', father-in-law of Boethius, * Venantius Clemens Honoratus Fortunatus (c.540-600/9), Venetian poet, traveler, bishop of Poitiers (c.599-600/9) * Emperor
Emperor
Wen of Sui , founder and first emperor of Chinese Sui Dynasty * Wil Ohl K\'inich (532–551) 8th Ajaw of Copan * Xiao Yan , founding emperor of the Liang dynasty * Yax Yopaat was a Maya Ajaw of the Kaan kingdom ( Calakmul
Calakmul
) who ruled AD 572-579

INVENTIONS, DISCOVERIES, INTRODUCTIONS

* Dionysius Exiguus creates the Anno Domini
Anno Domini
system, inspired by the birth of Jesus
Jesus
, in 525 . This is the system upon which the Gregorian calendar and Common Era
Common Era
systems are based. * Backgammon
Backgammon
(nard) invented in Persia
Persia
by Burzoe . * Chess
Chess
, as chaturanga , entered Persia
Persia
from India
India
and was modified to shatranj . * Breast-strap horse harness in use in Frankish kingdom. * Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
acquires silk technology from China. * Chen Dynasty
Chen Dynasty
from China
China
invents matches in 577 . * Silk
Silk
is a protected palace industry in the Byzantine Empire. * Vaghbata, Indian medical books. * In 589 AD, the Chinese scholar-official Yan Zhitui makes the first reference to the use of toilet paper in history. * Significant to the history of agriculture , the Chinese author Jia Sixia wrote the treatise Qi Min Yao Shu in 535
535
, and although it quotes 160 previous Chinese agronomy books, it is the oldest existent Chinese agriculture treatise. In over one hundred thousand written Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, the book covered land preparation, seeding, cultivation, orchard management, forestry, animal husbandry, trade, and culinary uses for crops.

REFERENCES

* ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 6TH CENTURY .

* Millennia * Centuries * Decades * Years

* v * t * e

Decades and years

6TH CENTURY 4th century
4th century
 ←  5th century  ← ↔ → 7th century  →  8th century

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* v * t * e

Centuries and millennia

MILLENNIUM CENTURY

BC (BCE)

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