61st Air Base Wing
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The 61st Air Base Wing is an inactive
wing A wing is a type of fin that produces lift while moving through air or some other fluid. Accordingly, wings have streamlined cross-sections that are subject to aerodynamic force In fluid mechanics, an aerodynamic force is a force exerte ...
of the
United States Air Force The United States Air Force (USAF) is the Aerial warfare, air military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces, and is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. Originally created on 1 August 1907, as a part ...
, last stationed at
Los Angeles Air Force Base Los Angeles Air Force Base (LAAFB) is a United States Space Force Base located in El Segundo, California. Los Angeles Air Force Base houses and supports the headquarters of the United States Space Force, United States Space Force's Space Syst ...
,
El Segundo, California El Segundo ( , ; ) is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Located on Santa Monica Bay, it was incorporated on January 18, 1917, and is part of the South Bay (Los Angeles County), South Bay Cities Council of Governments. The ...
. The 61st was the host unit at
Los Angeles Air Force Base Los Angeles Air Force Base (LAAFB) is a United States Space Force Base located in El Segundo, California. Los Angeles Air Force Base houses and supports the headquarters of the United States Space Force, United States Space Force's Space Syst ...
, and commanded all the Air Force support groups and units assigned to the base. When active. the wing is entitled to temporary bestowal of the history and honors stems of the 61st Troop Carrier Group. Its mission was to provide base operating support to Los Angeles Air Force Base customers.


History

The wing was first activated as the 61st Troop Carrier Wing by the
United States Air Forces in Europe United may refer to: Places * United, Pennsylvania, an unincorporated community * United, West Virginia, an unincorporated community Arts and entertainment Films * United (2003 film), ''United'' (2003 film), a Norwegian film * United (2011 film) ...
in 1948 to control
C-47 Skytrain The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (Royal Air Force, RAF, Royal Australian Air Force, RAAF, Royal Canadian Air Force, RCAF, Royal New Zealand Air Force, RNZAF, and South African Air Force, SAAF designation) is a airlift, military transport ai ...
and
C-54 Skymaster The Douglas C-54 Skymaster is a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and the Korean War. Like the Douglas C-47 Skytrain derived from the DC-3, the C-54 Skymaster was derived from a civilian a ...
units. The wing was the host organization at
Rhein-Main Air Base Rhein-Main Air Base (located at ) was a United States Air Force air base near the city of Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was a Military Airlift Command (MAC) and United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) installation, occupying the south side of ...
, West Germany. It also operated Tempelhof Air Base, in
Occupied Berlin West Berlin (german: Berlin (West) or , ) was a political enclave which comprised the western part of Berlin during the years of the Cold War. Although West Berlin was de jure not part of West Germany, lacked any sovereignty, and was under mi ...
until 5 November 1948 and Tulln Air Base in the American Occupation Zone of
Austria The Republic of Austria, commonly just Austria, , bar, Östareich is a country in the southern part of Central Europe, lying in the Eastern Alps. It is a federation of nine States of Austria, states, one of which is the capital, Vienna, ...
until 10 December 1948. Its initial mission was to coordinate
Berlin Airlift The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948 – 12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War The Cold War is a term commonly used to refer to a period of Geopolitics, geopolitical tension between the United State ...
operations for USAFE in conjunction with units deployed from the United States and the
Royal Air Force The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's Air force, air and space force. It was formed towards the end of the World War I, First World War on 1 April 1918, becoming the first independent air force in the world, by regrouping the Royal ...
. With the end of Berlin Airlift operations in 1949, flew theater airlift missions within USAFE and participated in numerous exercises. With the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, wing deployed its operational component, the 61st Troop Carrier Group to Ashiya Air Base, Japan on 21 July 1950 to reinforce
Far East Air Forces Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) is a List of Major Commands of the United States Air Force, Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force and is also the air component command of the United States Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM). PACAF i ...
transport units and perform combat transport operations within
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is formed ...
and Japan. With the group deployed to Japan, the wing was inactivated in West Germany in June 1951. The wing was reactivated as the 61st Military Airlift Wing at
Hickam Air Force Base Hickam Air Force Base is a United States Air Force installation, named in honor of aviation pioneer Lieutenant Colonel (United States), Lieutenant Colonel Horace Meek Hickam. The installation merged in 2010 with Naval Station Pearl Harbor to beco ...
, Hawaii in 1966 under
Military Airlift Command The Military Airlift Command (MAC) is an inactive United States Air Force List of Major Commands of the United States Air Force, major command (MAJCOM) that was headquartered at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. Established on 1 January 1966, MA ...
, replacing the discontinued
Military Air Transport Service The Military Air Transport Service (MATS) is an inactive Department of Defense Unified Command. Activated on 1 June 1948, MATS was a consolidation of the United States Navy The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime military branc ...
1502d Air Transport Wing in January 1966. It "provided air transport and support functions for airlift operations in the entire Pacific Ocean area,
Alaska Alaska ( ; russian: Аляска, Alyaska; ale, Alax̂sxax̂; ; ems, Alas'kaaq; Central Alaskan Yup'ik language, Yup'ik: ''Alaskaq''; tli, Anáaski) is a U.S. state, state located in the Western United States on the northwest extremity o ...
to
Antarctica Antarctica () is Earth's southernmost and least-populated continent. Situated almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle and surrounded by the Southern Ocean, it contains the geographic South Pole. Antarctica is the fifth-largest contine ...
, and the United States to
Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia, South-eastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical United Nations geoscheme for Asia#South-eastern Asia, south-eastern region of Asia, consistin ...
. Supported airlift, primarily in support of United States military forces in Southeast Asia during the
Vietnam War The Vietnam War (also known by #Names, other names) was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vi ...
. The Hickam Aerial Port was a primary destination for United States military personnel on Rest and Recreation leave from South Vietnam during the Vietnam War, the 61st MAW operating the aerial port and coordinating flights by civilian contract airlines to and from bases in South Vietnam. The wing's assigned airlift squadrons were inactivated in 1968 and 1969, after which became the 61st Military Airlift Support Wing for Military Airlift Command flights within
Pacific Air Forces Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force and is also the air component command of the United States Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM). PACAF is headquartered at Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam ...
as well as Naval and Marine Transports supporting their respective organizations in Hawaii. Inactivated 1 April 1980 and is equipment and most personnel being reassigned to the 834th Airlift Division. On 1 August 2006, it was reactivated as the 61st Air Base Wing, a non-flying unit at
Los Angeles Air Force Base Los Angeles Air Force Base (LAAFB) is a United States Space Force Base located in El Segundo, California. Los Angeles Air Force Base houses and supports the headquarters of the United States Space Force, United States Space Force's Space Syst ...
under
Air Force Space Command The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, known collectively as air, retained by Gravity of Earth, Earth's gravity that surrounds the planet and forms its planetary atmosphere. The atmosphere of Earth protects life on Earth by creating Atmo ...
. It supported the
Space and Missile Systems Center Space Systems Command (SSC) is the United States Space Force The United States Space Force (USSF) is the Space force, space service branch of the United States Armed Forces, U.S. Armed Forces, one of the eight Uniformed services of th ...
from 2006 to 2010, when it was inactivated and base support assigned to the 61st Air Base Group.


Lineage

* Established as the 61st Troop Carrier Wing, Medium and activated on 1 July 1948 : Redesignated 61st Troop Carrier Wing, Heavy on 15 August 1948 : Inactivated on 2 June 1951 * Redesignated 61st Military Airlift Wing and activated on 27 December 1965 (not organized) : Organized on 8 January 1966 : Redesignated 61st Military Airlift Support Wing on 22 December 1969 : Inactivated 1 April 1980 * Redesignated 61st Air Base Wing on 20 June 2006 : Activated on 1 August 2006 : Inactivated on 30 July 2010


Assignments

*
United States Air Forces in Europe United may refer to: Places * United, Pennsylvania, an unincorporated community * United, West Virginia, an unincorporated community Arts and entertainment Films * United (2003 film), ''United'' (2003 film), a Norwegian film * United (2011 film) ...
, 1 July 1948 : Attached to: Berlin Airlift Task Force until 29 July 1948 : Attached to: Airlift Task Force (Provisional), 22 July - 4 November 1948 : Attached to: 1st Air Lift Task Force, 5 November 1948 – 9 July 1949 * 1st Air Lift Task Force, 10 July 1949 * United States Air Forces in Europe, 26 September 1949 *
Twelfth Air Force The Twelfth Air Force (12 AF; Air Forces Southern, (AFSOUTH)) is a Numbered Air Force of the United States Air Force Air Combat Command (ACC). It is headquartered at Davis–Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona. The command is the air component to U ...
, 21 January-2 June 1951 *
Military Air Transport Service The Military Air Transport Service (MATS) is an inactive Department of Defense Unified Command. Activated on 1 June 1948, MATS was a consolidation of the United States Navy The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime military branc ...
, 27 December 1965 (not organized) * Twenty-Second Air Force, 8 January 1966 – 1 April 1980 *
Space and Missile Systems Center Space Systems Command (SSC) is the United States Space Force The United States Space Force (USSF) is the Space force, space service branch of the United States Armed Forces, U.S. Armed Forces, one of the eight Uniformed services of th ...
, 1 August 2006 - 30 July 2010


Components

Groups *
60th Troop Carrier Group 060 may refer to: * Motorola 68060 microprocessor * 0-6-0, wheel arrangement for railway locomotives * emergency telephone number in Mexico, "060" * Bermuda, country code "060" (ISO 3166-1 numeric) * 060, the area code for Chimay in the Belgian tele ...
: attached 26 September 1949 – 2 June 1951 * 61st Air Base Group: 1 July 1948 - 2 June 1951This group is not related to the 61st Air Base Group (originally 61st Troop Carrier Group). * 61st Maintenance & Supply Group: 1 July 1948 – 2 June 1951 * 61st Station Medical Group (later 61st Medical Group): 1 July 1948 – 2 June 1951, 1 August 2006 – 30 July 2010 * 61st Troop Carrier Group (later 61st Military Airlift Group, 61st Air Base Group, 61st Mission Support Group): 1 July 1948 – 1 January 1951 (attached to 1st Airlift Task Force 5 November 1948, Airlift Wing (Provisional) 20 November 1948, 7497th Airlift Wing 10 January 1949 – 9 July 1949, Military Air Transport Service 21 July 1950, North Pacific Wing (Provisional) 26 July 1950, 1705th Air Transport Wing 24 August 1950, Far East Air Force Combat Cargo Command (Provisional) 10 December 1950 – 1 January 1951); 1 August 2006 – 30 July 2010 * 65th Military Airlift Group (later 65th Military Airlift Support Group): 8 January 1966 – 1 January 1972 * 513th Troop Carrier Group: attached 10 July - 16 October 1949 * 1422d Air Transport Group, Provisional: attached 2 August - 5 November 1948 * 7350th Air Base Group: 1 July 1948 – 5 November 1948 : Tempelhof Central Airport, Berlin * 7360th Air Base Group: 1 July 1948 – 10 December 1948 : Tulln Air Base, Austria * C-54 Troop Carrier Group, Provisional: attached 1 July - 2 August 1948 Squadrons * 6th Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 June 1968 (not operational after 16 May 1968) * 50th Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 22 December 1969 (not operational after 1 December 1969) * 6th Aerial Port Squadron: 1 March 1975 – 1 June 1975 * 61st Aerial Port Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 22 December 1969 * 602d Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 1 November 1975 :
Elmendorf Air Force Base Elmendorf Air Force Base is a United States Air Force (USAF) facility in Anchorage, Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska. Originally known as Elmendorf Field, it became Elmendorf Air Force Base after World War II. It is the home of the Headquarters, Alas ...
, Alaska * 603d Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 July 1966, 1 January 1972 – 1 April 1980 :
Kadena Air Base (International Air Transport Association airport code, IATA: DNA, International Civil Aviation Organization airport code, ICAO: RODN) is a highly strategic United States Air Force base in the towns of Kadena, Okinawa, Kadena and Chatan, Okinaw ...
, Okinawa * 604th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 July 1966, 1 January 1972 – 1 June 1975 :
Clark Air Base Clark Air Base is a Philippine Air Force base on Luzon Island in the Philippines, located west of Angeles City, about northwest of Metro Manila. Clark Air Base was previously a United States military facility, operated by the U.S. Air Forc ...
, Philippines * 605th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 July 1966, 1 August 1972 – 1 April 1980 :
Andersen Air Force Base Andersen Air Force Base (Andersen AFB, AAFB) is a United States Air Force base located primarily within the village A village is a clustered human settlement or Residential community, community, larger than a hamlet (place), hamlet ...
, Guam * 606th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 July 1966 : Mactan Island Airfield, Philippines * 607th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 1 October 1980 : Naval Air Facility Midway * 608th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 July 1966, 1 January 1972 – 30 April 1972 :
Cam Ranh Air Base Calmodulin (CaM) (an abbreviation for calcium-modulated protein) is a multifunctional intermediate calcium-binding messenger protein expressed in all Eukaryote, eukaryotic cells. It is an intracellular target of the Second messenger system, sec ...
, South Vietnam * 610th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 1 January 1972 – 1 October 1978 :
Yokota Air Base , is a Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) and United States Air Force (USAF) base in the Tama Area, or Western Tokyo. It occupies portions of Akishima, Tokyo, Akishima, Fussa, Tokyo, Fussa, Hamura, Tokyo, Hamura, Mizuho, Tokyo, Mizuho, Musa ...
, Japan * 611th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 1 January 1972 – 1 October 1978 :
Osan Air Base Hanja:) , partof = , location = , nearest_town = Pyeongtaek, Gyeonggi Province , country = South Korea , image = Osan Air Base 51 FW F-16 A-10 Flyby.jpg , alt = US Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcon and A-1 ...
, South Korea * 616th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 July 1966, 1 January 1972 – 26 March 1973 :
Tan Son Nhut Air Base Tan Son Nhut Air Base ( vi, Căn cứ không quân Tân Sơn Nhứt) (1955–1975) was a Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF) facility. It was located near the city of Saigon in southern Vietnam. The United States used it as a major base durin ...
, South Vietnam : Detachment 1 Phu Cat Air Base, South Vietnam : Detachment 2
Bien Hoa Air Base Bien Hoa Air Base (Vietnamese: ''Sân bay Biên Hòa'') is a Vietnam People's Air Force The Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF, ), formally refers itself as the Air Defence - Air Force (ADAF, ) or the Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF, ), is the Air ...
, South Vietnam * 617th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 8 January 1966 – 8 July 1966, 1 January 1972 – 1 October 1972 :
Da Nang Air Base Da Nang Air Base ( vi, Căn cứ không quân Đà Nẵng) (1930s–1975) (also known as Da Nang Airfield, Tourane Airfield or Tourane Air Base) was a French Air Force The French Air and Space Force (AAE) (french: Armée de l'air et de l'es ...
, South Vietnam : Detachment 1
Pleiku Air Base Pleiku Air Base is a former air force base in Vietnam. It was established by the Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF) in 1962 at an undeveloped airstrip, and was used by the United States Air Force during the Vietnam War in the II Corps (Sout ...
, South Vietnam * 618th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 1 January 1972 – 1 June 1975 :
U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield is a military airfield of the Royal Thai Navy (RTN) approximately southeast of Bangkok in the Ban Chang District of Rayong Province near Sattahip on the Gulf of Thailand. It is serves as the home of the RTN Firs ...
, Thailand * 619th Military Airlift Support Squadron: 22 December 1969 – 30 April 1972 :Det D, later Det 2, Christchurch International Airport, New Zealand Military Airlift Support Squadrons were support units that had no aircraft of its own, but rather supported the forward operations of aircraft from other MAC units, principally from the CONUS. Furthermore, the support squadron was a consolidation of all the operations and maintenance functions that state-side airlift wings had organized as separate units.


Stations

* Rhein-Main Air Force Base (later Rhein-Main Air Base), Germany (later West Germany), 1 July 1948 – 2 June 1951 * Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, 8 January 1966 – 1 April 1980 * Los Angeles Air Force Base, California, 1 August 2006 – 30 July 2010


Aircraft

* Primarily C-47, 1948, C-54, 1948, 1949–1950; and C-82, 1949–1951; but also flew (in single or small numbers) B-17, 1948–1949 *
C-47 Skytrain The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (Royal Air Force, RAF, Royal Australian Air Force, RAAF, Royal Canadian Air Force, RCAF, Royal New Zealand Air Force, RNZAF, and South African Air Force, SAAF designation) is a airlift, military transport ai ...
, 1949–1951 *
C-119 Flying Boxcar The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar (Navy and Marine Corps designation R4Q) was an American military transport aircraft developed from the World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was ...
, August 1950 *
C-54 Skymaster The Douglas C-54 Skymaster is a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and the Korean War. Like the Douglas C-47 Skytrain derived from the DC-3, the C-54 Skymaster was derived from a civilian a ...
, 1951 *
C-121 Constellation The Lockheed C-121 Constellation is a military transport version of the Lockheed Constellation. A total of 332 aircraft were constructed for both the United States Air Force and United States Navy for various purposes. Numerous Lockheed EC-121 Wa ...
, 1966 *
C-124 Globemaster II The Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, nicknamed "Old Shaky", is an American heavy-lift cargo aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company in Long Beach, California Long Beach is a city in Los Angeles County, California. It is the list of U ...
, 1966–1969


References


Notes


Bibliography

* *


External links


A History and Memory of the 610th Military Airlift Support Squadron (610 MASS)

Los Angeles Air Force Base Home Page
{{DEFAULTSORT:61 0061 Military units and formations established in 2006 Military units and formations in California