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The 60th parallel north
60th parallel north
is a circle of latitude that is 60 degrees north of Earth's equator. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. Although it lies approximately twice as far away from the Equator
Equator
as from the North Pole, the 60th parallel is half as long as the Equator line. This is where the Earth
Earth
bulges halfway as much as on the Equator. At this latitude, the Sun
Sun
is visible for 18 hours, 52 minutes during the June solstice and 5 hours, 52 minutes during the December solstice.[1] The maximum altitude of the Sun
Sun
is 53.44° on 21 June and 6.56° on 21 December.[2]

Contents

1 Around the world 2 Canada 3 Greenland 4 See also 5 References

Around the world[edit] Starting at the Prime Meridian
Prime Meridian
and heading eastwards, the parallel 60° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes

60°0′N 0°0′E / 60.000°N 0.000°E / 60.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian) North Sea

60°0′N 5°2′E / 60.000°N 5.033°E / 60.000; 5.033 (Norway)  Norway Islands of Møkster, Selbjørn, Huftarøy, Reksteren
Reksteren
and Tysnesøy, and the mainland Passing just north of Oslo

60°0′N 12°23′E / 60.000°N 12.383°E / 60.000; 12.383 (Sweden)  Sweden Passing through Fagersta Passing just north of Uppsala

60°0′N 18°53′E / 60.000°N 18.883°E / 60.000; 18.883 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea

60°0′N 20°8′E / 60.000°N 20.133°E / 60.000; 20.133 (Åland Islands)  Åland Islands

60°0′N 20°58′E / 60.000°N 20.967°E / 60.000; 20.967 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea

60°0′N 22°22′E / 60.000°N 22.367°E / 60.000; 22.367 (Finland)  Finland

60°0′N 23°56′E / 60.000°N 23.933°E / 60.000; 23.933 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Passing just south of Helsinki,  Finland

60°0′N 24°26′E / 60.000°N 24.433°E / 60.000; 24.433 (Finland)  Finland Porkkala
Porkkala
peninsula

60°0′N 24°30′E / 60.000°N 24.500°E / 60.000; 24.500 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland
Finland
- passing just south of the island of Gogland,  Russia

60°0′N 27°48′E / 60.000°N 27.800°E / 60.000; 27.800 (Russia)  Russia Island of Moshchnyy

60°0′N 27°54′E / 60.000°N 27.900°E / 60.000; 27.900 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland

60°0′N 29°44′E / 60.000°N 29.733°E / 60.000; 29.733 (Russia)  Russia Island of Kotlin (city of Kronstadt)

60°0′N 29°47′E / 60.000°N 29.783°E / 60.000; 29.783 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland

60°0′N 30°5′E / 60.000°N 30.083°E / 60.000; 30.083 (Russia)  Russia Passing through Saint Petersburg Passing through Lake Ladoga

60°0′N 154°30′E / 60.000°N 154.500°E / 60.000; 154.500 (Sea of Okhotsk) Sea of Okhotsk Shelikhov Gulf

60°0′N 161°28′E / 60.000°N 161.467°E / 60.000; 161.467 (Russia)  Russia Kamchatka Peninsula

60°0′N 165°14′E / 60.000°N 165.233°E / 60.000; 165.233 (Bering Sea) Bering Sea

60°0′N 166°10′E / 60.000°N 166.167°E / 60.000; 166.167 (Russia)  Russia

60°0′N 166°33′E / 60.000°N 166.550°E / 60.000; 166.550 (Bering Sea) Bering Sea Olyutorsky Gulf

60°0′N 170°9′E / 60.000°N 170.150°E / 60.000; 170.150 (Russia)  Russia

60°0′N 170°26′E / 60.000°N 170.433°E / 60.000; 170.433 (Bering Sea) Bering Sea

60°0′N 167°8′W / 60.000°N 167.133°W / 60.000; -167.133 (United States)  United States Alaska
Alaska
- Nunivak Island

60°0′N 165°39′W / 60.000°N 165.650°W / 60.000; -165.650 (Etolin Strait) Etolin Strait

60°0′N 164°9′W / 60.000°N 164.150°W / 60.000; -164.150 (United States)  United States Alaska

60°0′N 152°38′W / 60.000°N 152.633°W / 60.000; -152.633 (Cook Inlet) Cook Inlet

60°0′N 151°44′W / 60.000°N 151.733°W / 60.000; -151.733 (United States)  United States Alaska
Alaska
- Kenai Peninsula, Evans Island, Elrington Island, Latouche Island and Montague Island

60°0′N 147°24′W / 60.000°N 147.400°W / 60.000; -147.400 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska

60°0′N 144°24′W / 60.000°N 144.400°W / 60.000; -144.400 (United States)  United States Alaska
Alaska
- Wingham Island, Kayak Island
Kayak Island
and a small section of mainland

60°0′N 143°50′W / 60.000°N 143.833°W / 60.000; -143.833 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska

60°0′N 141°53′W / 60.000°N 141.883°W / 60.000; -141.883 (United States)  United States Alaska

60°0′N 139°3′W / 60.000°N 139.050°W / 60.000; -139.050 (Canada)  Canada Yukon
Yukon
/ British Columbia
British Columbia
border Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
/ British Columbia
British Columbia
border Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
/ Alberta
Alberta
border Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
/ Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
border Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
/ Manitoba
Manitoba
border - for about 400m Nunavut
Nunavut
/ Manitoba
Manitoba
border

60°0′N 94°49′W / 60.000°N 94.817°W / 60.000; -94.817 (Hudson Bay) Hudson Bay Passing just north of the Ottawa Islands, Nunavut,  Canada

60°0′N 77°17′W / 60.000°N 77.283°W / 60.000; -77.283 (Canada)  Canada Quebec

60°0′N 69°46′W / 60.000°N 69.767°W / 60.000; -69.767 (Ungava Bay) Ungava Bay

60°0′N 65°7′W / 60.000°N 65.117°W / 60.000; -65.117 (Canada)  Canada Quebec Newfoundland and Labrador

60°0′N 64°9′W / 60.000°N 64.150°W / 60.000; -64.150 Atlantic Ocean Border between the Davis Strait
Davis Strait
(to the north) and the Labrador Sea (to the south)[3]

60°0′N 44°52′W / 60.000°N 44.867°W / 60.000; -44.867 (Greenland)  Greenland

60°0′N 43°9′W / 60.000°N 43.150°W / 60.000; -43.150 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean

60°0′N 1°21′W / 60.000°N 1.350°W / 60.000; -1.350 (United Kingdom)  United Kingdom Scotland
Scotland
- Islands of Mainland and Mousa, Shetland
Shetland
Islands

60°0′N 1°11′W / 60.000°N 1.183°W / 60.000; -1.183 (North Sea) North Sea

Canada[edit]

The 60th parallel north
60th parallel north
in Canada, marking the southern borders of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and the Nunavut
Nunavut
mainland.

In Canada, the 60th parallel constitutes the mainland boundary between the northern territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut to the north, and the western provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba
Manitoba
to the south. Accordingly, "north of 60" is an expression often used for the territories, although parts of Nunavut
Nunavut
(the islands in Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
and James Bay) are located south of the 60th parallel, and parts of Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
are located north, to the east of Hudson Bay. A 1990s TV show on CBC about life in the Northwest Territories was called North of 60. Canada's only four corners are located at the intersection of the 60th parallel and the 102nd meridian west, between the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. However, this is not a true quadripoint as the measurement of the Saskatchewan/Manitoba border in the 1880s placed it approximately 400 metres (440 yd) west of the 102nd meridian, which defines part of the Northwest Territories/ Nunavut
Nunavut
border. Greenland[edit] Between 1776 and 1950, the 60th parallel formed the southern limit of the Royal Greenland
Greenland
Trade Department's exclusive monopoly on trade near the Dano-Norwegian and later Danish colonies of Greenland (1776–1782) and South Greenland
Greenland
(1782–1950).[4] See also[edit]

59th parallel north 61st parallel north 60th parallel south

References[edit]

^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php ^ NASA. " Earth
Earth
Fact Sheet". Retrieved April 11, 2017.  ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2016.  ^ Marquardt, Ole. "Change and Continuity in Denmark's Greenland Policy" in The Oldenburg Monarchy: An Underestimated Empire?. Verlag Ludwig (Kiel), 2006.

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Circles of latitude / meridians

Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle W 0° E 30° 60° 90° 120° 150° 180° 30° 60° 90° 120° 150° 180° 5° 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 95° 105° 115° 125° 135° 145° 155° 165° 175° 5° 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 95° 105° 115° 125° 135° 145° 155° 165° 175° 10° 20° 40° 50° 70° 80° 100° 110° 130° 140° 160° 170° 10° 20° 40° 50° 70° 80° 100° 110° 130° 140° 160° 170° 0° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° 60° 70° 80° 90° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° 60° 70° 80° 90° 5° N 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 5° S 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 45x90

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