555 (DLV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display
the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination
this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno
Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming
1.1 By place
1.1.1 Byzantine Empire
1.2 By topic
1.2.1 Arts and sciences
Justinian I reconquers many former territories of the Western
Roman Empire, including Italy, Dalmatia, Africa and Southern Hispania.
An earthquake devastates the city of
Latakia (modern Syria).
Chlothar I annexes the Frankish territories of
Metz and Reims,
after the death of his great-nephew Theudebald.
Erb of Gwent dies; his kingdom is divided into Gwent and Ergyng
Wales (approximate date).
Summer – Lazic War: The
Byzantine army under Bessas is repulsed, and
forced to retreat out of Archaeopolis (Georgia).
King Gubazes II is invited to observe the siege of a Persian-held
fortress, and is murdered by the Byzantine military staff.
Chinese Liang Dynasty: Jing Di, age 12, succeeds his father Yuan Di
and is declared emperor by general Chen Baxian.
Rouran Khaganate ends; it is defeated by the
Muqan Qaghan, who expands his rule in Central Asia.
Arts and sciences
Around this time, the historian
Jordanes writes several books, among
them De origine actibusque Getarum (The origin and deeds of the
Taliesin, British poet, becomes court bard to King Brochwel of Powys
June 7 –
Pope Vigilius dies on his journey back home at Syracuse.
His body is brought to
Rome and buried in the San Martino ai Monti.
Cybi Felyn, abbot of Holyhead, dies at his monastery in Caer Gybi
Basolus, French Benedictine and hermit (approximate date)
Khadija, wife of Islamic prophet
Muhammad (approximate date)
January 27 – Yuan Di, emperor of the
Liang Dynasty (b. 508)
June 7 – Pope Vigilius
Cybi Felyn, Cornish bishop (approximate date)
Erb of Gwent, Welsh king (approximate date)
Fatimah bint Asad, mother of
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 626)
Gubazes II, king of
Helier, hermit and patron saint
Ly Thien Bao, emperor of
Vietnam (b. 499)
Mermeroes, Persian general
Theudebald, king of Austrasia
Wang Sengbian, general of the Liang Dynasty
^ Martindale et al.; Bury, 1958 & p. 11