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Year 555
555
(DLV ) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
. The denomination 555
555
for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini
Anno Domini
calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 By place

* 1.1.1 Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
* 1.1.2 Europe * 1.1.3 Britain * 1.1.4 Persia * 1.1.5 Asia

* 1.2 By topic

* 1.2.1 Arts and sciences * 1.2.2 Religion

* 2 Births * 3 Deaths * 4 References

EVENTS

BY PLACE

Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire

* Emperor Justinian I
Justinian I
reconquers many former territories of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
, including Italy , Dalmatia , Africa and Southern Hispania . * An earthquake devastates the city of Latakia
Latakia
(modern Syria
Syria
).

Europe

* King Chlothar I
Chlothar I
annexes the Frankish territories of Metz
Metz
and Reims , after the death of his great-nephew Theudebald
Theudebald
.

Britain

* King Erb of Gwent dies; his kingdom is divided into Gwent and Ergyng
Ergyng
in Southern Wales
Wales
(approximate date).

Persia

* Summer – Lazic War
Lazic War
: The Byzantine army
Byzantine army
under Bessas is repulsed, and forced to retreat out of Archaeopolis (Georgia ). * King Gubazes II is invited to observe the siege of a Persian -held fortress, and is murdered by the Byzantine military staff .

Asia

* Chinese Liang Dynasty
Liang Dynasty
: Jing Di , age 12, succeeds his father Yuan Di and is declared emperor by general Chen Baxian . * The Rouran Khaganate
Rouran Khaganate
ends; it is defeated by the Göktürks
Göktürks
under Muqan Qaghan , who expands his rule in Central Asia
Central Asia
.

BY TOPIC

Arts And Sciences

* Around this time, the historian Jordanes
Jordanes
writes several books, among them De origine actibusque Getarum (The origin and deeds of the Goths ). * Taliesin
Taliesin
, British poet , becomes court bard to King Brochwel of Powys (approximate date).

Religion

* June 7 Pope Vigilius
Pope Vigilius
dies on his journey back home at Syracuse . His body is brought to Rome
Rome
and buried in the San Martino ai Monti
San Martino ai Monti
. * Cybi Felyn , abbot of Holyhead
Holyhead
, dies at his monastery in Caer Gybi (approximate date).

BIRTHS

* Basolus , French Benedictine and hermit (approximate date) * Khadija , wife of Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
(approximate date)

DEATHS

* January 27 – Yuan Di , emperor of the Liang Dynasty
Liang Dynasty
(b. 508
508
) * June 7 Pope Vigilius
Pope Vigilius
* Cybi Felyn , Cornish bishop (approximate date) * Erb of Gwent , Welsh king (approximate date) * Fatimah bint Asad
Fatimah bint Asad
, mother of Ali ibn Abi Talib
Ali ibn Abi Talib
(d. 626 ) * Gubazes II , king of Lazica
Lazica
(Georgia ) * Helier
Helier
, hermit and patron saint * Ly Thien Bao , emperor of Vietnam
Vietnam
(b. 499 ) * Mermeroes , Persian general * Theudebald
Theudebald
, king of Austrasia
Austrasia
* Wang Sengbian , general of the Liang Dynasty
Liang Dynasty

REFERENCES

* ^ Martindale et al. ; Bury, 1958 Greatrex et al.

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555
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