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3HO
3HO
(Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization) is a sect of Sikhism
Sikhism
that started about 1970. It was founded in the West by cult leader Harbhajan Singh Khalsa, also called as "Yogi Bhajan".[1] It is also referred in the West as the Sikh
Sikh
Dharma movement or Khalsa
Khalsa
Dharma movement, and 3HO
3HO
is the official name of their educational branch.[2][3][4] Many Indian origin Sikhs refer to this movement as the Gora Sikhs (White Sikhs), while others question whether they are actually Sikhs – something resented by those who belong to it.[5] 3HO
3HO
has a code of conduct called rahit quite similar to the orthodox Khalsa, including the Five Ks. The movement requires both men and women who join it to adopt Sikh names and Khalsa
Khalsa
as their surname. Their central beliefs are found in the scripture Guru Granth Sahib. Men and women wear white turbans. The movement is known for including some practices found in certain traditions of Hinduism,[6] such as vegetarianism, meditation and Yoga, particularly Kundalini yoga.[4][5] The Sikh
Sikh
Dharma movement members consider themselves to be Sikhs, but the orthodox Khalsa
Khalsa
organization headquartered in Amritsar does not consider them as Sikhs.[2][5] The 3HO
3HO
Sikhs consider the teachings of Yogi Bhajan as authoritative as the Guru Granth Sahib, and believe openness to Yoga and spiritual ideas as a source of strength.[6][7] Reception[edit] In 1977, journalist James Wilde wrote an article published in Time magazine describing the devotion of supporters and hostility of opponents of 3HO
3HO
and Yogi Bhajan, its founder.[8] 3HO
3HO
Sikhs, states Nicola Mooney, have combined "ethic and capitalism" to their spiritual pursuits, with the community creating Yogi Tea
Yogi Tea
and Akal Security
Akal Security
brands with a worldwide presence.[9] References[edit]

^ Eleanor Nesbitt (2016). Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. pp. 101–102. ISBN 978-0-19-106277-3.  ^ a b Sects in Sikhism, Encyclopedia Britannica ^ Pashaura Singh; Louis E. Fenech (2014). The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 8, 358, 515–522. ISBN 978-0-19-100411-7.  ^ a b Kristen Haar; Sewa Singh Kalsi (2009). Sikhism. Infobase Publishing. pp. 9–14. ISBN 978-1-4381-0647-2.  ^ a b c Opinderjit Kaur Takhar (2016). Sikh
Sikh
Identity: An Exploration of Groups Among Sikhs. Taylor & Francis. pp. 161–168. ISBN 978-1-351-90010-2.  ^ a b Kamala Elizabeth Nayar (2004). The Sikh
Sikh
Diaspora in Vancouver: Three Generations Amid Tradition, Modernity, and Multiculturalism. University of Toronto Press. pp. 127–128. ISBN 978-0-8020-8631-0.  ^ Jakobsh, Doris (2008). "3HO/ Sikh
Sikh
Dharma of the Western Hemisphere: The Forgotten New Religious Movement?". Religion Compass. Wiley-Blackwell. 2 (3): 385–408. doi:10.1111/j.1749-8171.2008.00068.x.  ^ "Religion: Yogi Bhajan's Synthetic Sikhism". Time. 5 September 1977.  ^ Mooney, Nicola (2012). "READING WEBER AMONG THE SIKHS: ASCETICISM AND CAPITALISM IN THE 3HO/SIKH DHARMA". Sikh
Sikh
Formations. Taylor & Francis. 8 (3): 417–436. doi:10.1080/17448727.2012.745305. 

Further reading[edit]

Elsberg, Constance. Graceful Women: Gender and Identity in an American Sikh
Sikh
Community. University of Tennessee Press, 2006. Laue, Thorsten: Tantra im Westen. Eine religionswissenschaftliche Studie über „Weißes Tantra Yoga“, „Kundalini Yoga“ und „ Sikh
Sikh
Dharma“ in Yogi Bhajans „Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization“ (3HO) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der „3H Organisation Deutschland e. V.“, Münster: LIT, 2012, zugl.: Tübingen, Univ., Diss., 2011, ISBN 978-3-643-11447-1 [in German] Laue, Thorsten: Kundalini Yoga, Yogi Tee und das Wassermannzeitalter. Bibliografische Einblicke in die Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization (3HO) des Yogi Bhajan. Tübingen: 2008. Online at "TOBIAS-lib - Zugang zum Dokument - Kundalini Yoga, Yogi Tee und das Wassermannzeitalter: Bibliografische Einblicke in die Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization (3HO) des Yogi Bhajan - Laue, Thorsten". Tobias-lib.ub.uni-tuebingen.de. 2008-10-31. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2011-01-02.  [in German] Laue, Thorsten: Kundalini Yoga, Yogi Tee und das Wassermannzeitalter. Religionswissenschaftliche Einblicke in die Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization (3HO) des Yogi Bhajan, Münster: LIT, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8258-0140-3 [in German]

External links[edit]

3HO
3HO
Foundation - 3HO 3HO
3HO
in the Light of Experience, Juan F Lafontaine, Finland (2016)

v t e

Sikh
Sikh
topics

Gurus

Guru Nanak Guru Angad Guru Amar Das Guru Ram Das Guru Arjan Guru Hargobind Guru Har Rai Guru Har Krishan Guru Tegh Bahadur Guru Gobind Singh Guru Granth Sahib
Guru Granth Sahib
( Sikh
Sikh
holy book)

Philosophy

Beliefs and principles Guru Maneyo Granth Sikh
Sikh
Rehat Maryada Prohibitions

Cannabis and Sikhism

Diet in Sikhism

Practices

Khalsa Ardās Kirtan Langar Naam Karan Anand Karaj Amrit Sanchar Amrit Velā Antam Sanskar Three Pillars Kirat Karo Naam Japo Vand Chhako Sikh
Sikh
practices The Five Ks Simran Sewa Charhdi Kala Dasvand Jhatka

Scripture

Guru Granth Sahib Adi Granth Dasam Granth Gurbani Mul Mantar Japji Sahib Chaupai Jaap Sahib Rehras Sukhmani Sahib Tav-Prasad Savaiye

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Other topics

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Gurdwara
(Harmandir Sahib) Panj Pyare Literature Music Names Places Politics Nanakshahi calendar Ramananda Fariduddin Ganjshakar Kabir History of the Punjab Sardar Dastar Islam Jainism Hinduism Sikh
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Empire Mela Maghi Maghi Vaisakhi Hola Mohalla 3HO Sikhs Women in Sikhism Sikhism
Sikhism
and sexual orientation Idolatry in Sikhism Criticism Punjab region Punjabi people Punjabi language
Punjabi language
(Gurmukhī)

Takht

Akal Takht Damdama Sahib Kesgarh Sahib Hazur Sahib Patna Sahib

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