38th Infantry Regiment (United States)
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The 38th Infantry Regiment ("Rock of the Marne") is a
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists ma ...
infantry regiment.


First & Second 38th Infantry Regiments

The first
38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment The 38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment was an African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social ...
served from January 23, 1864 to January 25, 1867. The second 38th Infantry was first established on 28 July 1866, as part of the
Regular Army A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intens ...
, one of six segregated, all-black regiments created following the
Civil War A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine publis ...
. It was organized on 1 October of that year at
Jefferson Barracks The Jefferson Barracks Military Post is located on the Mississippi River at Lemay, Missouri, south of St. Louis. It was an important and active U.S. Army installation from 1826 through 1946. It is the oldest operating U.S. military installation w ...

Jefferson Barracks
,
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Missouri
, and was stationed in
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and along the
transcontinental railroad A transcontinental railroad or transcontinental railway is contiguous railroad Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a mac ...
s then under construction.
Cathay Williams Cathay Williams (September 1844 – 1893) was an African-American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social scien ...

Cathay Williams
, the first recorded African-American female to serve in the U.S. Army, served with the 38th during this time, disguised as a male. On 15 March 1869, the 38th was consolidated with the 41st Infantry Regiment and redesignated as the
24th Infantry Regiment The 24th Infantry Regiment was a unit of the United States Army, active from 1869 until 1951, and again from 1995 until 2006. Before its original dissolution in 1951, it was primarily made up of African-American soldiers. History The 24th Infa ...
.


Current 38th Infantry Regiment

*Constituted 15 May 1917 in the Regular Army as Company A, 38th Infantry *Organized 1 June 1917 at Syracuse, New York *Assigned 1 October 1917 to the 3d Division *Assigned to Fort Douglas, Utah, 5 June 1922 to Summer 1940. *Relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 3d Division and assigned to the 2d Division (later redesignated as the 2d Infantry Division) *Redesignated 8 November 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battle Group, 38th Infantry, and relieved from assignment to the 2d Infantry Division *Inactivated 4 March 1958 *Organic elements constituted 26 January 1962 *Battle Group assigned 19 February 1962 to the 2d Infantry Division and activated at Fort Benning, Georgia *Reorganized and redesigned 10 May 1963 as the 1st Battalion, 38th Infantry *By 1972, the 1st Battalion was assigned to the 2nd Infantry Division's 2nd Brigade at Camp Hovey, South Korea. *Inactivated 16 December 1986 in South Korea and relieved from assignment to the 2d Infantry Division *Headquarters transferred 28 August 1987 to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and activated at Fort Benning, Georgia *Battalion redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 1st Battalion, 38th Infantry Regiment *Headquarters inactivated 27 April 2006 at Fort Benning, Georgia, and withdrawn from the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command *Battalion assigned 1 June 2006 to the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 2d Infantry Division, and activated at Fort Lewis, Washington and Battalion inactivated 16 March 2014 *Battalion assigned 17 March 2014 to the 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, and activated at Fort Carson, Colorado


Korean War

Five members of the 38th Infantry were awarded the
Medal of Honor The Medal of Honor (MOH) is the United States government's highest and most prestigious military decoration Military awards and decorations are distinctions given as a mark of honor for military heroism, meritorious or outstanding service o ...

Medal of Honor
for their actions in the
Korean War The Korean War (see § Names) was a war fought between North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It b ...

Korean War
: * First Lieutenant Frederick F. Henry, Company F, for actions on 1 September 1950 * Sergeant First Class Tony K. Burris, Company L, for actions on 8–9 October 1951 * Sergeant Charles R. Long, Company M, for actions on 12 February 1951 * Corporal Ronald E. Rosser, Heavy Mortar Company, for actions on 12 January 1952 * Private Miguel Vera, Company F, for actions on 21 September 1952


Campaign participation credit

* World War I : Aisne; Champagne-Marne; Aisne-Marne; St. Mihiel; Meuse-Argonne; Champagne 1918 * World War II: Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe * Korean War: UN Defensive; UN Offensive; CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953 *Operation Iraqi Freedom : OIF V, Served in Baghdad and Baqouba *Operation Iraqi Freedom : OIF VII, Abu Ghraib *Operation Enduring Freedom: OEF '12-'13, Panjwai Valley *Operation Freedom Sentinel:OFS 2018-2019


Decorations

*French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I for MARNE RIVER *French Croix de Guerre with Silver-Gilt Star, World War II for BREST *Belgian Fourragere 1940 *Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the Ardennes *Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at Elsenborn Crest


Unit Decorations


References

{{reflist4. Co. A 2/38th Infantry Regiment , 2nd Inf. Division was located at Camp BLV AND CAMP WALLY during the years of at least 1968-1970. Infantry regiments of the United States Army, 0038 United States Army units and formations in the Korean War Military units and formations established in 1917