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The 2nd century
2nd century
is the period from 101
101
to 200
200
in accordance with the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
in the Common Era. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. Early in the century, the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
attained its greatest expansion under the emperor Trajan, but after his death became primarily defensive for the rest of its history. Much prosperity took place throughout the empire at this time, ruled as it were by the Five Good Emperors, a succession of well-received and able rulers. This period also saw the removal of the Jews from Jerusalem
Jerusalem
during the reign of Hadrian
Hadrian
after Bar Kokhba's revolt. The last quarter of the century saw the end of the period of peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana at the death of the emperor Marcus Aurelius, last of the "Five Good Emperors", and the accession of Commodus. Although the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
of China
China
was firmly cemented into power and extended its imperial influence into Central Asia
Central Asia
during the first half of the century, by the second half there was widespread corruption and open rebellion. This set in motion its ultimate decline, until it was overthrown in 220.

Contents

1 Events 2 Significant people

2.1 Literature 2.2 Science and philosophy

3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Events[edit]

Pieces of Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian's Wall
remain near Greenhead and along the route, though large sections have been dismantled over the years to use the stones for various nearby construction projects.

AD 96 – 180: Five Good Emperors of Rome: Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. The Kingdom of Aksum
Kingdom of Aksum
emerges. 101
101
– 102, 105 – 106: The Dacian Wars. After two conflicts, Dacia is annexed as a Roman province. 114 – 116: A war with Parthia results in Armenia and Mesopotamia being temporarily annexed into the Roman Empire. 115
115
– 117: Kitos War, adjunct to the Jewish–Roman wars. 122
122
– 132: Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian's Wall
across Northern England. 127
127
– 140: Kanishka, Kushan Ruler. 132
132
– 135: Bar Kokhba's revolt
Bar Kokhba's revolt
against Rome. 132: Chinese chronicles described the existence of diplomatic relations between Java
Java
and China. 140 – 180: Huvishka, Kushan ruler. 142 – 154: The Antonine Wall
Antonine Wall
is built across central Scotland. 144: Marcion, rejected by Church of Rome, founds Marcionism. 161 – 166: Roman–Parthian War of 161–166. 165 – 180: The Antonine Plague
Antonine Plague
in Rome. 166 – 180: Marcomannic Wars. 180
180
– 192: Commodus, Roman Emperor. 184
184
– 205: The Yellow Turban Rebellion
Yellow Turban Rebellion
of the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
in China begins. 184
184
– 189: The Liang Province Rebellion breakouts in Northwest China. 189
189
– 220: The End of the Han dynasty. 190 – 191: Warlords across China
China
launches a Campaign against Dong Zhuo. 193: Roman Year
Year
of the Five Emperors. 193
193
– 211: Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor. Herakleitos makes The Unswept Floor, mosaic variant of a 2nd-century BC painting by Sosos of Pergamon. It is now kept at the Musei Vaticani, in Rome. c. 2nd or 3rd century
3rd century
– Standing Buddha, from Gandhara
Gandhara
(Pakistan), is made. Kushan period. It is now kept at Lahore
Lahore
Museum, Lahore.

Significant people[edit]

Trajan

Hadrian

Antoninus Pius

Marcus Aurelius

Septimius Severus

Apollodorus of Damascus

Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor Cai Yong, Chinese scholar Commodus, Roman Emperor Dong Zhuo, Chinese general, politician and warlord Hadrian, Roman Emperor Huvishka, Kushan Ruler Ignatius, third bishop of Antioch, author of letters Irenaeus, second bishop of Lyon, author of Against the Heresies Julia Domna, Empress of Rome Justin Martyr, Christian apologist Kanishka, Kushan ruler Kong Rong, Chinese scholar Lü Bu, Chinese general and warlord Lucius Verus, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor, philosopher Montanus, Christian heretic. Nagarjuna, founder of Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
Buddhism Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna. Rabbi Akiva, Head of the Jewish Sages Rabbi Yehuda haNasi, redactor of the Mishnah Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor Simon bar Kokhba, Jewish rebel leader Sun Ce, Chinese general and warlord Trajan, Roman Emperor Victor I, bishop of Rome. Vologases IV, Parthian ruler Vologases V, Parthian ruler Wang Yun, Chinese official Qiao Xuan, Chinese official Yuan Shao, Chinese warlord Yuan Shu, Chinese warlord Zhang Daoling, Chinese Taoist
Taoist
hermit. Zhang Heng, Chinese statesman, poet, inventor, astronomer, geographer, and engineer. Zhang Jue, Chinese rebel leader Zhang Zhongjing, one of the most famous Chinese physicians during Han Dynasty.

Literature[edit]

Achilles Tatius, Greek writer Apuleius
Apuleius
(Lucius Apuleius
Apuleius
Madaurensis), Roman writer of Numidian origin Aulus Gellius, Roman writer and grammatician Chariton, Greek writer Juvenal, Roman poet Longus, Greek writer Lucian of Samosata, Greek writer and rhetorician Pliny the Younger
Pliny the Younger
(Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus), Roman writer and lawyer Xenophon of Ephesus, Greek writer

Science and philosophy[edit]

Abascantus, Roman physician Al-Biruni
Al-Biruni
(Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī), Iranian polymath Apollodorus of Damascus, Greek engineer and architect Arrian, Greek-Roman historian Cai Lun, Chinese inventor Claudius Ptolemy, Greek astronomer, astrologer and geographer Epictetus, Greek philosopher Galen
Galen
(Claudius Galenus), Greek physician Hua Tuo, Chinese physician Hyginus Gromaticus, Roman writer on land-surveying Ma Rong, Chinese scholar and writer Marcus Cornelius Fronto, Roman grammarian and rhetorician Ptolemy, Greco-Egyptian astronomer, astrologer, geographer and mathematician Plutarch, Greek philosopher, writer and historian Suetonius
Suetonius
(Gaius Suetonius
Suetonius
Tranquillus), Roman historian Tacitus
Tacitus
(Gaius Cornelius Tacitus), Roman historian Valentinius, Roman philosopher Xu Shen, Chinese philogist Zheng Xuan, Chinese commentator and scholar

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

105: Cai Lun
Cai Lun
of China
China
invents paper. Ptolemy
Ptolemy
compiles a catalogue of all stars visible to the naked eye. He also compiles three of the most influential books in western history:

the Almagest
Almagest
which becomes the basis for western and Middle Eastern astronomy until the time of Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus
and Johannes Kepler. the astrological treatise, Tetrabiblos. and the Geographia.

125: Zhang Heng
Zhang Heng
of China
China
invents the world's first water-powered armillary sphere. 132: Zhang Heng
Zhang Heng
of China
China
invents first seismometer to detect the cardinal direction of earthquakes.

Millennia Centuries Decades Years

v t e

Decades and years

2nd century 1st century
1st century
BC ← 1st century ← ↔ → 3rd century → 4th century

90s AD 90 AD 91 AD 92 AD 93 AD 94 AD 95 AD 96 AD 97 AD 98 AD 99

100s AD 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109

110s 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119

120s 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129

130s 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139

140s 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149

150s 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159

160s 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169

170s 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179

180s 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189

190s 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199

200s 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209

v t e

Centuries and millennia

Millennium Century

BC (BCE)

4th 40th 39th 38th 37th 36th 35th 34th 33rd 32nd 31st

3rd 30th 29th 28th 27th 26th 25th 24th 23rd 22nd 21st

2nd 20th 19th 18th 17th 16th 15th 14th 13th 12th 11th

1st 10th 9th 8th 7th 6th 5th 4th 3rd 2nd 1st

AD (CE)

1st 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th

2nd 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th

3rd 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 2

.