The Info List - 20th Century Fox

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Twentieth Century Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox. It is one of the "Big Six" major American film studios and is located in the Century City
Century City
area of Los Angeles, just west of Beverly Hills. The studio was owned by News Corporation
News Corporation
from 1984 to 2013. 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America.[1]


1 History

1.1 Founding 1.2 Production and financial problems 1.3 Marvin Davis and Rupert Murdoch 1.4 Acquisition by Disney

2 Television

2.1 Buyout of Four Star

3 Music 4 Radio 5 Motion picture film processing 6 Logo

6.1 Legacy

7 Highest-grossing films 8 Films 9 Archive 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References

12.1 Sources 12.2 Additional sources

13 External links

History Founding See also: Fox Film
Fox Film
and Twentieth Century Pictures

The entrance to 20th Century Fox's studio lot.

Carmen Miranda
Carmen Miranda
in The Gang's All Here. In 1946, she was the highest-paid actress in the United States.[2]

Alice Faye, Don Ameche, and Carmen Miranda
Carmen Miranda
in That Night in Rio, produced by Fox in 1941.

From the 1952 film Viva Zapata!

Twentieth Century Pictures' Joseph Schenck
Joseph Schenck
and Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
left United Artists
United Artists
(UA) over a stock dispute, and began merger talks with the management of financially struggling Fox Film, under president Sidney Kent.[3] Spyros Skouras, then manager of the Fox West Coast Theaters, helped make it happen (and later became president of the new company).[3] Aside from the theater chain and a first-rate studio lot, Zanuck and Schenck felt there was not much else to Fox, which had been reeling since the founder William Fox lost control of the company in 1930. The studio's biggest star, Will Rogers, died in a plane crash weeks after the merger. Its leading female star, Janet Gaynor, was fading in popularity and promising leading men James Dunn and Spencer Tracy had been dropped because of heavy drinking. At first, it was expected that the new company was originally to be called "Fox-20th Century", even though 20th Century was the senior partner in the merger. However, 20th Century brought more to the bargaining table besides Schenck and Zanuck; it was more profitable than Fox and had considerably more talent. The new company, 20th Century- Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation, began trading on May 31, 1935;[4] the hyphen was dropped in 1985. Kent remained as President, while Schenck became Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Zanuck became Vice President in Charge of Production, replacing Fox's longtime production chief Winfield Sheehan. The company established a special training school. Lynn Bari, Patricia Farr and Anne Nagel were among 14 young women "launched on the trail of film stardom" on August 6, 1935, when they each received a six-month contract with 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
after spending 18 months in the school. The contracts included a studio option for renewal for as long as seven years.[5] For many years, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
claimed to have been founded in 1915, the year Fox Film
Fox Film
was founded. For instance, it marked 1945 as its 30th anniversary. However, in recent years it has claimed the 1935 merger as its founding, even though most film historians agree it was founded in 1915.[6] The company's films retained the 20th Century Pictures
20th Century Pictures
searchlight logo on their opening credits as well as its opening fanfare, but with the name changed to 20th Century-Fox. After the merger was completed, Zanuck quickly signed young actors who would carry Twentieth Century-Fox for years:[7] Tyrone Power, Linda Darnell, Carmen Miranda, Don Ameche, Henry Fonda, Gene Tierney, Sonja Henie, and Betty Grable. Also on the Fox payroll he found two players who he built up into the studio's leading assets, Alice Faye
Alice Faye
and seven-year-old Shirley Temple. Favoring popular biographies and musicals, Zanuck built Fox back to profitability. Thanks to record attendance during World War II, Fox overtook RKO
and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(Hollywood's biggest studio) to become the third most profitable film studio. While Zanuck went off for eighteen months' war service, junior partner William Goetz
William Goetz
kept profits high by going for light entertainment. The studio's—indeed the industry's—biggest star was creamy blonde Betty Grable. In 1942, Spyros Skouras succeeded Kent as president of the studio. Together with Zanuck, who returned in 1943, they intended to make Fox's output more serious-minded.[8] During the next few years, with pictures like The Razor's Edge, Wilson, Gentleman's Agreement, The Snake Pit, Boomerang, and Pinky, Zanuck established a reputation for provocative, adult films. Fox also specialized in adaptations of best-selling books such as Ben Ames Williams' Leave Her to Heaven (1945), starring Gene Tierney, which was the highest-grossing Fox film of the 1940s. Fox also produced film versions of Broadway musicals, including the Rodgers and Hammerstein
Rodgers and Hammerstein
films, beginning with the musical version of State Fair (1945), the only work that the partnership wrote especially for films. After the war, and with the advent of television, audiences slowly drifted away. Twentieth Century-Fox held on to its theaters until a court-mandated "divorce"; they were spun off as Fox National Theaters in 1953.[9] That year, with attendance at half the 1946 level, Twentieth Century-Fox gambled on an unproven gimmick. Noting that the two film sensations of 1952 had been Cinerama, which required three projectors to fill a giant curved screen, and "Natural Vision" 3D, which got its effects of depth by requiring the use of polarized glasses, Fox mortgaged its studio to buy rights to a French anamorphic projection system which gave a slight illusion of depth without glasses. President Spyros Skouras struck a deal with the inventor Henri Chrétien, leaving the other film studios empty-handed, and in 1953 introduced CinemaScope
in the studio's groundbreaking feature film The Robe.[10] Zanuck announced in February 1953 that henceforth all Fox pictures would be made in CinemaScope.[11] To convince theater owners to install this new process, Fox agreed to help pay conversion costs (about $25,000 per screen); and to ensure enough product, Fox gave access to CinemaScope
to any rival studio choosing to use it. Seeing the box-office for the first two CinemaScope
features, The Robe and How to Marry a Millionaire
How to Marry a Millionaire
(also 1953), Warner Bros., MGM, Universal Pictures (then known as Universal-International), Columbia Pictures and Disney quickly adopted the process. In 1956 Fox engaged Robert Lippert to establish a subsidiary company, Regal Pictures, later Associated Producers Incorporated to film B pictures in CinemaScope (but "branded" RegalScope). Fox produced new musicals using the CinemaScope
process including Carousel andThe King and I (both 1956). CinemaScope
brought a brief upturn in attendance, but by 1956 the numbers again began to slide.[12][13] That year Darryl Zanuck announced his resignation as head of production. Zanuck moved to Paris, setting up as an independent producer, seldom being in the United States
United States
for many years. Production and financial problems Zanuck's successor, producer Buddy Adler, died a year later.[14] President Spyros Skouras brought in a series of production executives, but none had Zanuck's success. By the early 1960s, Fox was in trouble. A new version of Cleopatra had begun in 1959 with Joan Collins
Joan Collins
in the lead.[15] As a publicity gimmick, producer Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
offered $1 million to Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
if she would star;[15] she accepted, and costs for Cleopatra began to escalate, aggravated by Richard Burton's on-set romance with Taylor, the surrounding media frenzy, and Skouras' selfish preferences and inexperienced micromanagement on the film's production. Not even his showmanship made up for his considerable lack of filmmaking expertise in speeding up production on Cleopatra. Meanwhile, another remake—of the 1940 Cary Grant
Cary Grant
hit My Favorite Wife— was rushed into production in an attempt to turn over a quick profit to help keep Fox afloat. The romantic comedy entitled Something's Got to Give
Something's Got to Give
paired Marilyn Monroe, Fox's most bankable star of the 1950s, with Dean Martin, and director George Cukor. The troubled Monroe caused delays on a daily basis, and it quickly descended into a costly debacle. As Cleopatra's budget passed $10 million, eventually costing around $40 million, Fox sold its back lot (now the site of Century City) to Alcoa in 1961 to raise cash. After several weeks of script rewrites on the Monroe picture and very little progress, mostly due to the director George Cukor's filming methods, in addition to Monroe's chronic sinusitus, Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
was fired from Something's Got to Give[15] and two months later she was found dead. According to Fox files she was rehired within weeks for a two-picture deal totaling $1 million, $500,000 to finish Something's Got to Give, plus a bonus at completion, and another $500,000 for What a Way to Go. Elizabeth Taylor's disruptive[neutrality is disputed] reign on the Cleopatra set continued unchallenged from 1960 into 1962, though three Fox executives went to Rome
in June 1962 to fire her.[citation needed] They learned that director Joseph L. Mankiewicz had filmed out of sequence and had only done interiors, so Fox was then forced to allow Taylor several more weeks of filming. In the meantime that summer of 1962, Fox released nearly all of its contract stars, including Jayne Mansfield.[16][17] With few pictures on the schedule, Skouras wanted to rush Zanuck's big-budget war epic The Longest Day (1962),[15] a highly accurate account of the Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, with a huge international cast, into release as another source of quick cash. This offended Zanuck, still Fox's largest shareholder, for whom The Longest Day was a labor of love that he had dearly wanted to produce for many years. After it became clear that Something's Got to Give would not be able to progress without Monroe in the lead (Martin had refused to work with anyone else), Skouras finally decided that re-signing her was unavoidable. But days before filming was due to resume, she was found dead at her Los Angeles
Los Angeles
home and the picture resumed filming as Move Over, Darling, with Doris Day
Doris Day
and James Garner in the leads. Released in 1963, the film was a hit.[18] The unfinished scenes from Something's Got to Give
Something's Got to Give
were shelved for nearly 40 years. Rather than being rushed into release as if it were a B-picture, The Longest Day was lovingly and carefully produced under Zanuck's supervision. It was finally released at a length of three hours, and was well received. At the next board meeting, Zanuck spoke for eight hours, convincing directors that Skouras was mismanaging the company and that he was the only possible successor. Zanuck was installed as chairman, and then named his son Richard Zanuck
Richard Zanuck
as president.[19] This new management group seized Cleopatra and rushed it to completion, shut down the studio, laid off the entire staff to save money, axed the long-running Movietone Newsreel and made a series of cheap, popular pictures that restored Fox as a major studio. The saving grace to the studio's fortunes came from the tremendous success of The Sound of Music (1965),[20] an expensive and handsomely produced film adaptation of the highly acclaimed Rodgers and Hammerstein
Rodgers and Hammerstein
Broadway musical, which became a significant success at the box office and won five Academy Awards, including Best Director (Robert Wise) and Best Picture of the Year. Fox also had two big science-fiction hits in the 1960s: Fantastic Voyage (1966), and the original Planet of the Apes (1968), starring Charlton Heston, Kim Hunter, and Roddy McDowall. Fantastic Voyage
Fantastic Voyage
was the last film made in CinemaScope, which was ultimately replaced by Panavision lenses. Zanuck stayed on as chairman until 1971, but there were several expensive flops in his last years, resulting in Fox posting losses from 1969 to 1971. Following his removal, and after an uncertain period, new management brought Fox back to health. Under president Gordon T. Stulberg and production head Alan Ladd, Jr., Fox films connected with modern audiences. Stulberg used the profits to acquire resort properties, soft-drink bottlers, Australian theaters, and other properties in an attempt to diversify enough to offset the boom-or-bust cycle of picture-making. Foreshadowing a pattern of film production still yet to come, in late 1973 Twentieth Century-Fox joined forces with Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
to co-produce The Towering Inferno (1974),[21] an all-star action blockbuster from producer Irwin Allen. Both studios found themselves owning the rights to books about burning skyscrapers. Allen insisted on a meeting with the heads of both studios and announced that as Fox was already in the lead with their property it would be career suicide to have competing movies. And so the first joint venture studio deal was struck. In hindsight whilst it may be common place now, back in the 1970s it was a risky, but revolutionary idea that paid off handsomely at both the domestic and international box offices around the world. In 1977, Fox's success reached new heights and produced the most profitable film made up to that time, Star Wars. Substantial financial gains were realized as a result of the film's unprecedented success: from a low of $6 in June 1976, stock prices more than quadrupled to almost $27 after Star Wars' release; 1976 revenues of $195 million rose to $301 million in 1977.[22] Marvin Davis and Rupert Murdoch Main articles: Rupert Murdoch, List of 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
films (1935–1999), and List of 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
films (2000–present)

Fox Plaza, Century City
Century City
headquarters completed in 1987.

With financial stability came new owners, when Fox was sold for more than $700 million in 1981 to investors Marc Rich
Marc Rich
and Marvin Davis. Fox's assets included Pebble Beach Golf Links, the Aspen Skiing Company, and a Century City
Century City
property upon which Davis built and twice sold Fox Plaza. By 1984, Rich had become a fugitive from justice, having fled to Switzerland after being charged by U.S. federal prosecutors with tax evasion, racketeering, and illegal trading with Iran during the Iran hostage crisis. Rich's assets were frozen by U.S. authorities.[23] In 1984, Marvin Davis bought out Marc Rich's 50% interest in 20th Century- Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation for an undisclosed amount,[23] reported to be $116 million.[24] Davis sold this interest to Rupert Murdoch
Rupert Murdoch
for $250 million in March 1985. Davis later backed out of a deal with Murdoch to purchase John Kluge's Metromedia
television stations.[24] Murdoch went alone and bought the stations, and later bought out Davis' remaining stake in Fox for $325 million.[24] To gain FCC approval of Fox's purchase of Metromedia's television holdings, once the stations of the long dissolved DuMont network, Murdoch had to become a U.S. citizen. He did so in 1985, and in 1986 the new Fox Broadcasting Company
Fox Broadcasting Company
took to the air. Over the next 20-odd years, the network and owned-stations group expanded to become extremely profitable for News Corp.

Fox's Los Angeles
Los Angeles
studios in 2005.

Since January 2000, this company has been the international distributor for MGM/UA releases. In the 1980s, Fox—through a joint venture with CBS, called CBS/Fox Video—had distributed certain UA films on video, thus UA has come full circle by switching to Fox for video distribution. Fox also makes money distributing films for small independent film companies. In 2008, Fox announced an Asian subsidiary, Fox STAR Studios, a joint venture with STAR TV, also owned by News Corporation. It was reported that Fox STAR would start by producing films for the Bollywood
market, then expand to several Asian markets.[25] In August 2012, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
signed a five-year deal with DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
to distribute in domestic and international markets. However, the deal did not include the distribution rights of previously released films which DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
acquired from Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
later in 2014.[26] Fox's deal with DreamWorks Animation ended on June 2, 2017 with Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie, with Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
taking over the distribution deal with DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
due to NBCUniversal's acquisition of DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
on August 22, 2016, starting on March 1, 2019 with the release of How to Train Your Dragon 3. In 2012, Rupert Murdoch
Rupert Murdoch
announced that News Corp. would be split into two publishing and media-oriented companies; a new News Corporation, and 21st Century Fox, which operates the Fox Entertainment Group
Fox Entertainment Group
and 20th Century Fox. Murdoch considered the name of the new company a way to maintain the 20th Century Fox's heritage as the group advances into the future.[27][28] As of 2016, in Australia, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
has an expanded movie deal to replay movie and television content from television broadcasters, Network Ten, Eleven and One occasionally also on Nine Network, 9Gem & 9Go!.[citation needed] In Sweden, the Netherlands
and in the Philippines, 20th Century Fox films are distributed by fellow rival Warner Bros.[citation needed] Acquisition by Disney On December 14, 2017, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
announced plans to purchase 21st Century Fox, which includes 20th Century Fox, for $52.4 billion.[29] Television Main articles: 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Television, 20th Television, and Fox 21 Television Studios 20th Television
20th Television
is Fox's television syndication division. 20th Century Fox Television is the studio's television production division. During the mid-1950s features were released to television in the hope that they would broaden sponsorship and help distribution of network programs. Blocks of one-hour programming of feature films to national sponsors on 128 stations was organized by Twentieth Century Fox and National Telefilm Associates. Twentieth Century Fox received 50 percent interest in NTA Film
network after it sold its library to National Telefilm Associates. This gave 90 minutes of cleared time a week and syndicated feature films to 110 non-interconnected stations for sale to national sponsors.[30] Buyout of Four Star Rupert Murdoch's 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
bought out the remaining assets of Four Star Television
Four Star Television
from Ronald Perelman's Compact Video
Compact Video
in 1996.[31] Most of Four Star Television's library of programs are controlled by 20th Century Fox Television
20th Century Fox Television
today.[32][33][34] After Murdoch's numerous buyouts during the buyout era of the eighties, News Corporation had built up financial debts of $7 billion (much from Sky TV in the UK), despite the many assets that were held by NewsCorp.[35] The high levels of debt caused Murdoch to sell many of the American magazine interests he had acquired in the mid-1980s. Music Main articles: 20th Century Fox Records
20th Century Fox Records
and Fox Music Between 1933 and 1937, a custom record label called Fox Movietone was produced starting at F-100 and running through F-136. It featured songs from Fox movies, first using material recorded and issued on Victor's Bluebird label and halfway through switched to material recorded and issued on ARC's dime store labels (Melotone, Perfect, etc.). These scarce records were sold only at Fox Theaters. Fox Music
Fox Music
has been Fox's music arm since 2000. It encompasses music publishing and licensing businesses, dealing primarily with Fox Entertainment Group television and film soundtracks. Prior to Fox Music, 20th Century Records was its music arm from 1958 to 1982. Radio The Twentieth Century Fox Presents radio series[36] were broadcast between 1936 and 1942. More often than not, the shows were a radio preview featuring a medley of the songs and soundtracks from the latest movie being released into the theaters, much like the modern day movie trailers we now see on TV, to encourage folks to head down to their nearest Picture House. The radio shows featured the original stars, with the announcer narrating a lead up that encapsulated the performance. Motion picture film processing From its earliest ventures into movie production, Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation operated its own processing laboratories. The original lab was located in Fort Lee, New Jersey
Fort Lee, New Jersey
along with the studios. A lab was included with the new studio built in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 1916.[37] Headed by Alan E. Freedman, the Fort Lee lab was moved into the new Fox Studios building in Manhattan in 1919.[38] In 1932, Freedman bought the labs from Fox for $2,000,000 to bolster what at that time was a failing Fox liquidity.[39][40] He renamed the operation "DeLuxe Laboratories" which much later became DeLuxe Entertainment Services Group. In the 1940s Freedman sold the labs back to what was then 20th Century Fox and remained as president into the 1960s. Under Freedman's leadership, DeLuxe added two more labs in Chicago and Toronto and processed film from studios other than Fox. Logo

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20th Century Fox's second logo, used from 1953 to 1987. This version was designed by Pacific Title artist Rocky Longo, and was originally created for the new CinemaScope

20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
is known for its searchlight structure logo. Its fanfare was originally composed in 1933 by Alfred Newman, who became the head of Twentieth Century-Fox's music department from 1940 until the 1960s. It was re-recorded in 1935 when 20th Century-Fox was officially established. The original Art Deco
Art Deco
iteration of the 20th Century-Fox logo, designed by special effects animator and matte painting artist Emil Kosa Jr., was originally made as the design for the 20th Century Pictures
20th Century Pictures
logo, with "Fox" replacing "Pictures, Inc." in 1935. The logo was originally created as a matte painting on several layers of glass and was animated frame-by-frame. Kosa's final major work for Fox was a matte painting of the Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
in the ending scene of Planet of the Apes (1968), shortly before his death.

20th Century Fox's iconic CGI logo used from 1994 to 2010. It can still be seen on various of Fox's websites.

In 1953, Rocky Longo, an artist at Pacific Title (now Pacific Title and Art), was hired to recreate the original logo design for the new CinemaScope
picture process. Alfred Newman also re-composed the logo's fanfare with an extension to be heard during the CinemaScope
logo that would follow after the Fox logo for films made using the new lenses. In order to give the design the required width to fit into the CinemaScope
frame, Longo tilted the number "0" in "20th". The new fanfare was first used on the film How to Marry a Millionaire
How to Marry a Millionaire
(1953). The Robe, the first film released in the CinemaScope
format, featured a choir singing over the logo instead of the regular fanfare. In 1981, Longo repainted and updated the logo design by recoloring it yellow, redesigning it, placing the monument on a background of blue clouds and straightened the "0" in "20th". The Fox fanfare was re-orchestrated in 1981, as Longo's revised logo was being introduced.

20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox

The fanfare from the 2005 film Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, plus the soundtracks of the 1980 film The Empire Strikes Back, and the 1983 film Return of the Jedi, conducted by John Williams.

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By the 1970s, the Fox fanfare was being used in films sporadically. George Lucas
George Lucas
enjoyed the Alfred Newman fanfare so much that he insisted for it to be used on Star Wars
Star Wars
(1977). As a result, the original release of Star Wars
Star Wars
featured the CinemaScope
version of the logo, but with the version of fanfare as conducted by Lionel Newman, as the original version by Alfred Newman had been misfiled. John Williams composed the film's opening theme in the same key as the fanfare (B♭ major), serving as an extension to it of sorts. In 1980, Williams conducted a new version of the extended fanfare for The Empire Strikes Back. Williams' recording of the fanfare was then used in every subsequent Star Wars
Star Wars
film until Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005). After the introduction of the CGI Fox logo in 1994, the series used the final view of the new logo, replicating look of the first three released films' opening logos and allowing the Lucasfilm
logo to appear during the second part of the fanfare. In 1994, after a few failed attempts (which even included trying to film the familiar monument as an actual three-dimensional model,[citation needed]) Fox in-house television producer Kevin Burns was hired to produce a new logo for the company, this time using the then-new process of computer-generated imagery (CGI). With the help of graphics producer Steve Soffer and his company Studio Productions (which had recently given face-lifts to the Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
and Universal Studios
Universal Studios
logos in 1986 and 1990, respectively), Burns insisted that the new logo would contain more detail and animation, so that the longer 21-second Fox fanfare would be used as the underscore. The new logo incorporated a virtual Los Angeles
Los Angeles
cityscape that was designed around the monument; in the background, the Hollywood sign, which would give the monument an actual location (approximating Fox's actual address in Century City) can be seen. One final touch was the addition of store-front signs, with each one bearing the name of Fox executives who worked with the studio at the time. These include "Murdoch's Department Store" (referring to Rupert Murdoch, president of News Corporation, Fox's parent at the time), "Chernin's" (referring to Peter Chernin), "Burns Tri-City Alarm" (an homage to Burns' late father, who owned a burglar and fire alarm company in Upstate New York), "Steve's Place" (referring to Soffer) and "llinidi's". It was also the first time Fox was recognized as a subsidiary of News Corporation, as a byline reading "A News Corporation
News Corporation
Company" was incorporated into the logo. As the CGI logo was being prepared to premiere at the beginning of True Lies
True Lies
(1994), Burns asked Bruce Broughton[citation needed] to compose a new version of the familiar fanfare by Alfred Newman. In 1997, Alfred's son David Newman recorded the new version of the fanfare to reopen the Newman Scoring Stage (originally known as Fox Scoring Stage), and debuted with the release of Anastasia (1997). This rendition is still in use as of 2017. In 2009, a newly updated CGI logo produced by Blue Sky Studios
Blue Sky Studios
debuted with the film Avatar (2009). A "75th anniversary" version of the logo was introduced to coincide with 20th Century Fox's 75th anniversary the following year (much akin to practices made by most of the other American major film studios at the time), and made its official debut with Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief and made its final appearance with Gulliver's Travels.[6] Legacy Numerous parodies of the fanfare have appeared in film and television. Variations have also been used by other Fox divisions and affiliated television stations, including WTVT
in Tampa, Florida, and the now-defunct Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Network. Fox Searchlight Pictures, Foxstar Productions, and Fox Studios Australia
Fox Studios Australia
are just a few of the other corporate entities that have used variations based on the original logo's design. 21st Century Fox, the corporate successor to the old News Corporation, uses a logo incorporating a minimalist representation of the searchlights featured in the logo.[27] Highest-grossing films

Highest-grossing films in North America[41]

Rank Title Year Box office gross

1 Avatar ‡ 2009 $760,507,625

2 Titanic ‡ 2 1997 $658,672,302

3 Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace ‡ 1 1999 $474,544,677

4 Star Wars‡ 3 1977 $460,998,007

5 Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith 1 2005 $380,270,577

6 Deadpool 2016 $363,070,709

7 Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones 1 2002 $310,676,740

8 Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
‡ 1 1983 $309,306,177

9 Independence Day 1996 $306,169,268

10 The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
‡ 1 1980 $290,475,067

11 Home Alone 1990 $285,761,243

12 Night at the Museum 2006 $250,863,268

13 X-Men: The Last Stand 2006 $234,362,462

14 X-Men: Days of Future Past 2014 $233,921,534

15 Cast Away 2000 $233,632,142

16 The Martian 2015 $228,433,663

17 Logan 2017 $226,277,068

18 Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel 2009 $219,614,612

19 Mrs. Doubtfire 1993 $219,195,243

20 Alvin and the Chipmunks 2007 $217,326,974

21 X2: X-Men
United 2003 $214,949,694

22 Dawn of the Planet of the Apes 2014 $208,545,589

23 Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs 2009 $196,573,705

24 Ice Age: The Meltdown 2006 $195,330,621

25 The Croods
The Croods
4 2013 $187,168,425

Highest-grossing films worldwide

Rank Title Year Box office gross

1 Avatar ‡ 2009 $2,787,965,087

2 Titanic ‡ 2 1997 $2,186,772,302

3 Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace ‡ 1 1999 $1,027,044,677

4 Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs 2009 $886,686,817

5 Ice Age: Continental Drift 2012 $877,244,782

6 Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith 1 2005 $848,754,768

7 Independence Day 1996 $817,400,891

8 Deadpool 2016 $783,112,979

9 Star Wars
Star Wars
‡ 3 1977 $775,398,007

10 X-Men: Days of Future Past 2014 $747,862,775

11 Dawn of the Planet of the Apes 2014 $710,644,566

12 Ice Age: The Meltdown ‡ 2006 $660,940,780

13 Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones 1 2002 $649,398,328

14 The Martian 2015 $630,161,890

15 How to Train Your Dragon 2
How to Train Your Dragon 2
4 2014 $621,537,519

16 Logan 2017 $616,225,934

17 Life of Pi 2012 $609,016,565

18 The Croods
The Croods
4 2013 $587,204,668

19 Night at the Museum 2006 $574,480,841

20 The Day After Tomorrow 2004 $544,272,402

21 The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
‡ 1 1980 $547,969,004

22 X-Men: Apocalypse 2016 $543,934,787

23 The Revenant 2015 $532,950,503

24 The Simpsons Movie 2007 $527,071,022

25 Kung Fu Panda 3
Kung Fu Panda 3
4 2016 $521,170,825

‡—Includes theatrical reissue(s). Films Main articles: List of 20th Century Fox films (1935–1999) and List of 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
films (2000–present) Archive The Academy Film
Archive houses the 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Features Collection which contains features, trailers, and production elements mostly from the Fox, Twentieth Century, and Twentieth Century-Fox studios, from the late 1920s–1950s.[42] See also

Fox Entertainment Group Related products:

20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Studio Classics – A premium DVD collection Fox Family Fun – A family DVD collection


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^ Theatrical and home media distribution rights were to be transferred from 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
to Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios in May 2020.[43] The digital distribution rights belong to Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios Home Entertainment, as Lucasfilm
retained the film's digital distribution rights prior to its acquisition by Disney.[44] ^ International distribution only. Released by Paramount Pictures domestically in North America. ^ Although the theatrical and home video distribution rights to all other Star Wars
Star Wars
films were to be transferred to Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios by May 2020,[43] 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
was to continue to own theatrical, home video, digital, and broadcast distribution rights to A New Hope for the foreseeable future.[44] On December 14, 2017, The Walt Disney Company announced it is acquiring most of Fox's parent company, 21st Century Fox, including the film studio.[29] ^ Though NBCUniversal
bought DreamWorks Animation,[45][46] the film's distribution rights will remain with 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
for a certain period of time before reverting to Universal Pictures.


^ "Our Story". MPAA.  ^ Livingston 2005, p. 101. ^ a b "The Formation of Twentieth Century-Fox". Cobbles. United States. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ "20th Century Fox: Chronology". Retrieved February 20, 2010.  ^ "The Hollywood Roundup". The Times. Indiana, Hammond. United Press. August 6, 1935. p. 35. Retrieved May 20, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ a b New York Post
New York Post
Staff (February 10, 2010). "Is Fox really 75 this year? Somewhere, the fantastic Mr. (William) Fox begs to differ". New York Post. News Corp. Retrieved December 19, 2014.  ^ Lev 2014, p. 23. ^ Barkan 2001, p. 349. ^ Lev 2013, p. 162. ^ "Zanuck Remembered as a Hollywood Powerhouse". Wahoo School District. March 1, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ "Moving Pictures That Move: House of Bamboo in CinemaScope". Northwest Chicago Film
Society. June 16, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Watson 2015, p. 290. ^ "'The Modern Miracle You See Without Glasses' - CinemaScope: 1953–1954: 'Twentieth Century-Fox presents A CinemaScope Production': 1953–1954 (Films made in CinemaScope
from 1953 to 1956)" (PDF). David Bordwell. p. 290. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Harris 2011, p. 1900. ^ a b c d Kamp, David. "When Liz Met Dick". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Ferruccio 2010, p. 117. ^ Strait 1992, p. 86. ^ "Move Over, Darling". Doris Day. United States. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Preston, John (January 20, 2008). "The Napoleon of Sunset Boulevard". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times Staff (April 13, 2010). "Richard D. Zanuck, a Hollywood legend too busy for nosta". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Anderson, Erik (September 28, 2013). "Best Supporting Studio: Warner Bros. Pictures' Track Record in the Best Supporting Actor Category". Awards Watch. United States. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Solomon 2002, pp. 19–20. ^ a b Thomas C. Hayes, [1], New York Times (June 20, 1984). ^ a b c Wolff 2010, p. 167. ^ Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times Staff (September 10, 2008). "Fox sets Asian movie venture". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Chney, Alexandra (July 29, 2014). " DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
Q2 Earnings Fall Short of Estimates, SEC Investigation Revealed". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 30, 2014.  ^ a b Welch, Chris (May 9, 2013). " 21st Century Fox
21st Century Fox
logo unveiled ahead of News Corp
News Corp
split". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved May 9, 2013.  ^ Rushe, Dominic (June 18, 2013). " Rupert Murdoch
Rupert Murdoch
splits empire but keeps faith in tomorrow's newspapers". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved June 18, 2013.  ^ a b " The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
To Acquire Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., After Spinoff Of Certain Businesses, For $52.4 Billion In Stock" (Press release). The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company. December 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.  ^ Boddy, William (1990). Fifties Television: The Industry and Its Critics. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.  ^ "Perelman's Not Out of the Game Just Yet". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. July 18, 1996. Retrieved November 15, 2017.  ^ http://www.life.com/image/50326921 ^ "OBIT/Hollywood Producer and Novelist David B. Charnay Dies at Age 90". Business Wire. October 7, 2002.  ^ McLellan, Dennis (October 6, 2002). "David Charnay, 90; Journalist, Publicist and TV Syndicator". The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ The encyclopedia of the history of American management (2005) Morgen Witzel Continuum International Publishing Group p393 ISBN 978-1-84371-131-5 ^ " 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Presents". RUSC. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ Fox Folks Vol. I, No. 4, August 1922. ^ Fox Folks Vol. I, No. 4, August 1922. Also, Vol. III, No. 7, July 1924, p. 12 and back outside cover, and Vol. III, No. 8, August 1924, p. 8. ^ Image, DeLuxe Laboratories, Inc. check 101 to Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation for $2,000,000. ^ "Freedman Group Buys Fox Film
Fox Film
Laboratories". Film
Daily. United States. April 3, 1932. p. 1. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ "Box Office by Studio – 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
All Time". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 8, 2016.  ^ " 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Features Collection". Academy Film
Archive.  ^ a b Masters, Kim (October 30, 2012). "Tangled Rights Could Tie Up Ultimate 'Star Wars' Box Set (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 12, 2012.  ^ a b " The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
FY 2013 SEC Form 10-K Filing" (PDF). The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company. November 20, 2013. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 11, 2015. Retrieved April 17, 2015. Prior to the Company's acquisition, Lucasfilm
produced six Star Wars
Star Wars
films (Episodes 1 through 6). Lucasfilm
was to retain the rights to consumer products related to all of the films and the rights related to television and electronic distribution formats for all of the films, with the exception of the rights for Episode 4, which are owned by a third-party studio. All of the films are distributed by a third-party studio in the theatrical and home video markets. The theatrical and home video distribution rights for these films were to revert to Lucasfilm
in May 2020 with the exception of Episode 4, for which these distribution rights were to be retained in perpetuity by the third-party studio.  ^ Lieberman, David (August 22, 2016). "Comcast Completes Its $3.8B DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
Purchase". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 23, 2016.  ^ James, Meg (August 22, 2016). "Comcast's NBCUniversal
completes purchase of DreamWorks Animation". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved August 23, 2016. 


Livingston, Tamara Elena; Caracas Garcia, Thomas George (2005). Choro: A Social History of a Brazilian Popular Music. Indiana University Press. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-253-21752-3.  Barkan, Elliot (2001). Making it in America: a Sourcebook on Eminent Ethnic Americans. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 349. ISBN 978-1-57607-098-7.  Lev, Peter (2013). Twentieth Century-Fox: The Zanuck-Skouras Years, 1935–1965. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. p. 162. ISBN 978-0-292-74447-9.  Solomon, Aubrey (2002). Twentieth Century-Fox: A Corporate and Financial History. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 19–20. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1.  Wolff, Michael (2010). The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch. New York City: Random House. p. 167. ISBN 978-1-4090-8679-6.  (Reprint edition) Lev, Peter (2014). Twentieth Century-Fox: The Zanuck-Skouras Years, 1935–1965. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-292-76210-7.  (Kindle edition) Harris, Warren G. (2011). Natalie and R.J.: The Star-Crossed Love Affair of Natalie Wood and Robert Wagner (Basis for the film The Mystery of Natalie Wood). Los Angeles: Graymalkin Media. p. 1900. ASIN B006D30R6U.  Ferruccio, Frank (2010). Did Success Spoil Jayne Mansfield?: Her Life in Pictures & Text. Denver: Outskirts Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-4327-6123-3.  (First edition) Strait, Raymond (1992). Here They Are Jayne Mansfield. New York City: S.P.I. Books. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-56171-146-8.  (Kindle edition) Watson, John V. (2015). 'The Modern Miracle You See Without Glasses' - CinemaScope: 1953–1954: 'Twentieth Century-Fox presents A CinemaScope
Production': 1953–1954 (Films made in CinemaScope
from 1953 to 1956). Seattle: Amazon Digital Services LLC. p. 290. ASIN B0170SN1L4. 

Additional sources

(First Edition) Custen, George F. (1997). Twentieth Century's Fox: Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
and the Culture of Hollywood. New York City: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-07619-2.  Chrissochoidis, Ilias (2013). Spyros P. Skouras, Memoirs (1893–1953). United States: Brave World. ISBN 978-0-615-76949-3.  Chrissochoidis, Ilias (2013). CinemaScope: Selected Documents from the Spyros P. Skouras Archive. United States: Brave World. ISBN 978-0-615-89880-3.  Chrissochoidis, Ilias (2013). The Cleopatra Files: Selected Documents from the Spyros P. Skouras Archive. United States: Brave World. ISBN 978-0-615-82919-7. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fox Studios.

FoxMovies.com 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Studios official website 20th Century Fox Animation
20th Century Fox Animation
at The Big Cartoon DataBase 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
on IMDbPro (subscription required) 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
from Box Office Mojo ' 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Presents' radio series from RUSC Finding aid authors: Morgan Crockett (2014). "Twentieth Century- Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation pressbooks". Prepared for the L. Tom Perry Special
Collections, Provo, UT. Retrieved May 16, 2016.

v t e

Cinema of the United States


Films by year

Awards and events

National Board of Review Awards (1929) Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1929) New York Film
Critics Circle (1935) Golden Globe Awards (1944) National Society of Film
Critics Awards (1966) Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Critics Awards (1975) Golden Raspberry Awards
Golden Raspberry Awards
(1981) Independent Spirit Awards (1985) American Society of Cinematographers Awards (1986) Critics' Choice Movie Awards
Critics' Choice Movie Awards
(1996) Hollywood Film
Awards (1997)

Guild Awards

Directors Guild of America Awards (1936) Writers Guild of America Awards (1951) Producers Guild of America Awards (1962) Cinema Audio Society Awards (1964) Screen Actors Guild Awards (1995) Art Directors Guild Awards (1996) Costume Designers Guild Awards (1998) Location Managers Guild Awards
Location Managers Guild Awards


Movie theater chains

Industry by state

Alaska Arizona Connecticut Florida Georgia Hawaii Louisiana Michigan New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Virginia

Industry by city

Atlanta Baltimore Chicago Cleveland Jacksonville Kansas City Las Vegas Lone Pine Long Island Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(Hollywood) Monument Valley New York City


Palm Springs Pittsburgh Riverside San Diego Seattle Sonora Stamford Vasquez Rocks


Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers American Society of Cinematographers Hollywood Foreign Press Association Motion Picture Association of America


Box office AFI 100 Years... series National Film
Registry Pre-Code Hollywood Classical Hollywood cinema New Hollywood List of living actors from the Golden Age of Hollywood List of surviving silent film actors

v t e

studios in the United States
United States
and Canada


20th Century Fox Columbia Pictures Paramount Pictures Universal Pictures Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios Warner Bros.


Amblin Partners CBS
Films Lionsgate Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Open Road Films STX Entertainment The Weinstein Company

Independent studios

3D Entertainment A24 Alcon Entertainment Amazon Studios Beacon Pictures Broad Green Pictures Dark Horse Entertainment Drafthouse Films Entertainment One Entertainment Studios Hasbro Studios Icon Productions IFC Films Image Entertainment Imagine Entertainment IMAX Pictures Lakeshore Entertainment Magnolia Pictures Mandalay Pictures MarVista Entertainment Miramax Montecito Picture Company Morgan Creek Entertainment Group Picturehouse Regency Enterprises RKO
Pictures Roadside Attractions Samuel Goldwyn Films Village Roadshow Pictures Walden Media

Independent financers

Annapurna Pictures Cross Creek Pictures Legendary Entertainment LStar Capital New Regency Productions Participant Media RatPac Entertainment Revolution Studios Skydance Media Temple Hill Entertainment TSG Entertainment Worldview Entertainment

Producer-owned independents

1492 Pictures American Zoetrope Apatow Productions Appian Way Productions Bad Hat Harry Productions Bad Robot Productions Blinding Edge Pictures Blumhouse Productions Bryanston Pictures Centropolis Entertainment Cheyenne Enterprises Davis Entertainment Di Bonaventura Pictures Fuzzy Door Productions Gary Sanchez Productions Ghost House Pictures GK Films ImageMovers Jim Henson Pictures Kennedy/Marshall Company Lightstorm Entertainment Plan B Entertainment Platinum Dunes Silver Pictures/Dark Castle


v t e

Fox Entertainment Group

20th Century Fox

20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Animation 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Home Entertainment Fox Star Studios Blue Sky Studios Fox Searchlight Pictures Fox Studios Australia Fox Music

Fox Television Group

20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Television 20th Television Fox 21 Television Studios Fox Television Animation Fox Broadcasting Company

Shine GroupJV



Authentic Entertainment True Entertainment 51 Minds Entertainment


Tiger Aspect Productions Zeppotron

Australia India

Shine Group

Bossa Studios ChannelFlip Dragonfly Friday TV Kudos Metronome Princess Productions Shine America Shine TV

CORE Media Group

19 Entertainment Sharp Entertainment

Fox News
Fox News

Fox News
Fox News
Channel Fox Business Network Fox News
Fox News
Radio Fox Nation

Fox Television Stations

Movies!JV MyNetworkTV Fox Television Stations
Fox Television Stations







Fox Networks Group

FX Networks

FX FXX FX Movie Channel

Fox Sports

Big Ten NetworkJV Fox Deportes Fox Sports Networks Fox Sports 1 Fox Sports 2 Fox Soccer Plus Fox College Sports YES Network

Fox Networks Group International


Asia Bulgaria Finland Germany, Austria and Switzerland Greece and Cyprus India Italy Latin America Arabia Netherlands Poland Portugal Balkans Spain Turkey UK and Ireland Hungary Norway Russia Estonia Lithuania Latvia Sweden Belgium

Fox Life

Asia Bulgaria Croatia Greece and Cyprus Italy India Latin America Portugal Spain Turkey


Australia Asia CanadaJV Latin America Turkey

Fox Sports

Africa Asia Australia Fox Sports and EntertainmentJV (Japan) Brazil Europe Italy Latin America Middle East NetherlandsJV

Fox Sports Eredivisie Fox Sports International

Philippines Fox Sports Racing (Canada and Caribbean) Turkey JTBC3 Fox SportsJV (South Korea) Fox Sports News (Australia) Fuel TV (Europe, Middle East and Africa) Fox Footy
Fox Footy
(Australia) Fox League
Fox League

National Geographic

National Geographic

Africa Asia Australia and New Zealand Brazil CanadaJV France Germany Greece India Latin America Netherlands Portugal Scandinavia South Korea UK and Ireland Turkey

Nat Geo WildJV

Canada Europe Latin America

Nat Geo Mundo Nat Geo People Nat Geo Music Nat Geo Kids

Spanish Latin America Brazil



Fox Crime

Asia Bulgaria Italy Portugal Serbia Turkey

Fox Comedy

Italy Poland Portugal MENA

Fox Movies

MENA Portugal Balkans Japan Asia


Netherlands Portugal Turkey

Fox Premium

Brazil Latin America


Channel V Fox Action Movies Fox Family Movies TVNJV (Asia) Fox Animation (Italy) BabyTV Fox Classics (Japan) Fox Filipino Fox Kids
Fox Kids
(Finland) FXM (Latin America) Viajar
(Spain) Voyage (France) YourTV
(UK and Ireland)


Star World


Star Movies


Star Sports

China India

Star Plus

UK and Ireland

Movies OK Star Bharat Star Utsav Star Gold Star Vijay
Star Vijay
(81%) Star Jalsha Star Pravah Jalsha Movies Asianet

Asianet Asianet
Plus Asianet
Suvarna Asianet

Star Chinese Movies Star Chinese Channel Star Entertainment Channel Phoenix Television
Phoenix Television

Phoenix InfoNews Channel Phoenix Movies Channel Phoenix Hong Kong Channel Phoenix Chinese News and Entertainment Channel Phoenix North America Chinese Channel

Fox Sports Digital Media



Fox Telecolombia
Fox Telecolombia


Fox Digital Entertainment Zero Day Fox 20th Century Fox World (Malaysia)
20th Century Fox World (Malaysia)
(license to Resort World by Genting Group) 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
World (Dubai)


20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Records 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Video Bem Simples CBS/Fox Video ESPN Asia ESPN Philippines ESPNews Asia Fox Atomic Fox Animation Studios Foxstar Productions Fox Faith Fox Football Channel Fox Footy
Fox Footy
Channel Fox Interactive Fox Kids Fox Life
Fox Life
Netherlands Fox Movie Channel Fox Next Fox Reality Channel Fox Sports Houston Fox Sports News Asia Fox Sports Türkiye Fox Sports World Canada Fox Soccer Fox 21 Television Studios Fox Video FSN Chicago Fuel TV Australia Fuel TV Portugal FX Greece FX India GXT Life OK Metromedia MTM Enterprises MBC3 MTV Nat Geo y Yo New World Pictures Prime Network Regency Television Speed Speed Australia Speed Latin America Star One SportsChannel America Utilísima Viva Cinema

v t e

Academy Honorary Award


Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)


Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century- Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford


Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film
(1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Company / National Film
Board of Canada (1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)


Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ A