The 2022 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIV Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIVème Jeux olympiques d'hiver; Chinese: 第二十四届冬季奥林匹克运动会; pinyin: Dì Èrshísì Jiè Dōngjì Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì), and commonly known as Beijing 2022, is an international winter multi-sport event that will take place in Beijing and towns in the neighboring Hebei province, People's Republic of China, from 4 to 20 February 2022.
Beijing was elected as the host city in July 2015 at the 128th IOC Session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, marking the first time the Winter Olympics have been hosted in China. With its previous hosting of the 2008 Summer Olympics, Beijing will be the first city to have ever hosted both the Summer and Winter Olympics; there are plans to utilize many of the same indoor venues that were used in 2008, as well as Beijing National Stadium as ceremonies venue. They will be the last of three consecutive Olympics being held in East Asia, following the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan.
The bidding calendar was announced by the IOC in October 2012, with the application deadline set for 14 November 2013. The IOC Executive Board reviewed the bids from all applicant cities on 7 July 2014, and selected three cities, Oslo (Norway), Almaty (Kazakhstan) and Beijing (China) as the final candidate cities.
Several cities withdrew their applications during the bidding process, citing the high costs or the lack of local support to host the Games. Oslo, which had been considered a frontrunner, withdrew its bid after the Norwegian parliament voted against an IOC-mandated government funding package. Public reception to the bid had been negative due to cost concerns, especially after the cost overruns of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, and an exposé by the Norwegian tabloid Verdens Gang that allegedly revealed hospitality demands made by the IOC. They included a cocktail reception with the royal family with drinks paid for by them or the organizing committee, the provision of road lanes exclusively for use by IOC members, and priority treatment at airports and hotels being used by IOC members. Several commentators pointed out that such demands were unheard of in a western democracy, while Slate described them as being "diva-like".
|2022 Winter Olympics bidding results|
In Beijing, five ice events will be held at the Olympic Sports Centre, the Capital Indoor Stadium and the Beijing Wukesong Sports Center, which were some of the main venues of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Competitions for luge, bobsleigh and alpine skiing will be held in Xiaohaituo Mountain area in Yanqing, northwest of Beijing, 90 kilometres (56 miles) away from the city center, using artificial snow because of the rarity of natural snow in this region. All other skiing events will be held in Taizicheng Area in Chongli, Zhangjiakou, 220 km (140 mi) from downtown Beijing and 130 km (81 mi) away from Xiaohaituo Mountain Area.
The town of Chongli in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, will stage most of the skiing events during the 2022 Winter Olympics. The ski resort earned over 1.54 billion yuan (US$237.77 million) in tourism during the 2015–16 snow season for a 31.6% growth over the previous season. In 2016, it was announced that Chongli received 2.185 million tourists, an increase of 30% from the previous season, during the first snow season after the winning the Olympic bid. The snow season lasted for five months from November, during which Chongli has hosted 36 competitions and activities, such as Far East Cup and Children Skiing International Festival. A total of 23 skiing camps have also been set up, attracting the participation of 3,800 youths. All venue construction started in November 2016 and will be finished by the end of 2020 to enable the city to hold test events.
The new Beijing-Zhangjiakou intercity railway will be built, starting from Beijing North Railway Station, and ending at Zhangjiakou South Railway Station. It will be built for speeds of up to 350 km/h (217 mph), and travel time from Beijing to Zhangjiakou is estimated to be around 50 minutes.
A new airport for Beijing and the region, provisionally named the Beijing Daxing International Airport, is due to open by 2019. The airport will replace the Beijing Nanyuan Airport and operate together with the Beijing Capital International Airport.
The estimated budget for the games is US$3.9 billion, less than one-tenth of the $43 billion spent on the 2008 Summer Olympics.
The 2022 Winter Olympics are tentatively scheduled to include events in at least 15 sports.
In October 2016, the International Ski Federation (FIS) announced plans to begin sanctioning women's competitions in Nordic combined, with a goal for the discipline to be contested at the Olympic level for the first time in Beijing. In November 2017, a further three events were put forward by the FIS for possible Olympic inclusion: a ski jumping mixed team competition and men's and women's big air in freestyle skiing.
The International Luge Federation (FIL) has proposed the addition of a total of six new events. This includes adding natural track luge (men's and women's singles), a women's doubles competition on the artificial track, and sprint events (men, women, and doubles) on the artificial track.
The International Skating Union (ISU) has proposed the addition of synchronized skating as an event within the discipline of figure skating. They are also proposing a new short track speed skating team event.
In biathlon, a single mixed relay has been proposed by the International Biathlon Union (IBU) to complement the four-person mixed relay which featured at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Also, a new team event has been proposed by the International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation (IBSF).
The official emblem "Winter Dream" (冬梦) was unveiled on December 15, 2017 at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. The emblem is a stylized rendition of the character "冬" (Winter) inspired by winter snow, with a ribbon motif. The top is meant to resemble a skater and the bottom is meant to resemble a skier. The emblem also features the Olympic colors (except black) and the Chinese flag colors. The emblem was designed by Lin Cunzhen who also created the Nanjing 2014 logo.
The mascot(s) for the 2022 Games will be unveiled in 2020.
In some countries, broadcast rights to the 2022 Winter Olympics are already agreed through existing long-term deals. In France and the United Kingdom, these are the first Games where Eurosport will be the main rightsholder; the BBC will sub-license a limited amount of coverage on free-to-air television, as part of a deal in which the BBC sold the pay-TV rights to the 2018 and 2020 Games to Eurosport.
In the United States, the Games will be broadcast once again by NBCUniversal properties as part of its multi-year agreement with the IOC. Super Bowl LVI (the championship game of the National Football League's 2021 season) is provisionally scheduled for 6 February 2022, meaning that the Super Bowl would occur during an ongoing Olympics for the first time in its history. Super Bowl games have frequently been among the most-watched television broadcasts in the United States annually. Under the NFL's television contracts, rights to the Super Bowl rotate between the three networks CBS, Fox and NBC; Super Bowl LVI is scheduled to be broadcast by CBS. Competition between these two major sporting events is expected to have an impact on viewership numbers. The last Super Bowl that was held during a Winter Olympic year, Super Bowl LII in 2018, took place on the Sunday before the Games.
Critics questioned the Beijing bid, citing that the proposed outdoor venue sites do not have reliable snowfall in winter for snow sports. Concerns have been raised that snow may need to be transported to the venues at great cost and with uncertain environmental consequences.
The environmental impact of hosting the games near Beijing has been questioned. Some of the proposed venues will be adjacent to the Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve and part of the same mountain system, and the environmental impact on the nature reserve of construction, and artificially covering parts of the mountain with snow, is uncertain. The Chinese government responded to these concerns by expanding the adjacent Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve by 31% of its original size.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for 2022 Winter Olympics.|
XXIV Olympic Winter Games (2022)