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The COVID-19 pandemic in Bosnia and Herzegovina is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Bosnia and Herzegovina on 5 March 2020, when a patient in Banja Luka, who had travelled to Italy, tested positive. Later on the same day, a second case, who was the son of the first case, was reported.[100] On 21 March, the first death in the country from COVID-19 was announced in a hospital in Bihać. The patient was an elderly woman who had been hospitalized two days before.[101]

On 17 March, the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared a state of emergency in the entire country.[102]

As of 3 September, there were 20,892 confirmed coronavirus cases in the country, of which 7,584 were in Republika Srpska,[103][104] 12,931 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina,[105][106] and 377 in Brčko District.[107]

As of 30 December, 2020, Bosnia and Herzegovina had the third highest deaths per million population in the world excluding microstates at 1,238 per 1 million. Additionally, access to testing in the country has been less widely available as Bosnia and Herzegovina has the 4th lowest testing rate in Europe as of 30 December.[108]

Bulgaria

Rolling 14-days new cases prevalence of COVID-19 in Bulgaria by region.svg

The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared a state of emergency in the entire country.[102]

As of 3 September, there were 20,892 confirmed coronavirus cases in the country, of which 7,584 were in Republika Srpska,[103][104] 12,931 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina,[105][106] and 377 in Brčko District.[107]

The COVID-19 pandemic in Bulgaria is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have spread to Bulgaria when the country's first cases, a 27-year-old man from Pleven and a 75-year-old woman from Gabrovo, were confirmed on 8 March 2020. Neither of the two had traveled to areas with known coronavirus cases which is maybe because the PCR test that was used is deffective. The man tested positive for the virus after being hospitalized for a respiratory infection, and authorities announced plans to test several people who were in contact with the two individuals.[109] Two other samples in Pleven and Gabrovo were positive on 8 March.[110] Patient zero remains unknown.[111]

After the number of patients in the country had reached 23, the Bulgarian Parliament voted unanimously to declare a state of emergency from 13 March until 13 April.[112] A 14-day preventive house quarantine was introduced for citizens who have been in contact with a COVID-19 patient or have returned from an overseas region with a high number of cases. For patients tested positive for the virus a 21-day house quarantine was introduced. This time span is counted from the day a subsequent test comes out negative after they have been treated in a hospital or at home. After the World Health Organization (WHO) has established that COVID-19 is more resilient than the initial data was showing, the National Crisis-management Staff increased the recovery house quarantine by a week to 28 days.[113] With the continuing increase of COVID-19 cases on a daily basis, the Bulgarian government requested on 1 April that Parliament extend the state of emergency by one month until 13 May.[114]

As of 31 December 2020, there are 201,220 officially confirmed cases spread throughout all Bulgarian provinces, with 7,515 recorded deaths and 118,335 recoveries. A total of 1,149,545 PCR tests (or 165,369 per million citizens) had been performed by 31 December, with 17.5% being positive.[115]

Croatia

On 25 February, Croatia confirmed its first case, a 26-year-old man who had been in Milan, Italy.[116] On 26 February, two new cases were confirmed, one being the twin brother of the first.After the number of patients in the country had reached 23, the Bulgarian Parliament voted unanimously to declare a state of emergency from 13 March until 13 April.[112] A 14-day preventive house quarantine was introduced for citizens who have been in contact with a COVID-19 patient or have returned from an overseas region with a high number of cases. For patients tested positive for the virus a 21-day house quarantine was introduced. This time span is counted from the day a subsequent test comes out negative after they have been treated in a hospital or at home. After the World Health Organization (WHO) has established that COVID-19 is more resilient than the initial data was showing, the National Crisis-management Staff increased the recovery house quarantine by a week to 28 days.[113] With the continuing increase of COVID-19 cases on a daily basis, the Bulgarian government requested on 1 April that Parliament extend the state of emergency by one month until 13 May.[114]

On 25 February, Croatia confirmed its first case, a 26-year-old man who had been in Milan, Italy.[116] On 26 February, two new cases were confirmed, one being the twin brother of the first.[117] In March 2020, a cluster of cases were reported in numerous Croatian cities. On 12 March, the first recovery was reported, and on 18 March the first death from the virus was confirmed. On 19 March, the number of recorded cases surpassed 100. On 21 March, it surpassed 200. On 25 March, it surpassed 400. On 31 March, it surpassed 800. The pandemic in Croatia occurred during the Croatian Presidency of the Council of the European Union.[118]

On 22 March, an intense earthquake hit Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, causing problems in enforcement of social distancing measures set out by the Government. The earthquake could also be felt across much of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, and Austria.[119][120]

According to Oxford University, as of 24 March, Croatia is the country with the world's strictest restrictions and measures for infection reducti

On 22 March, an intense earthquake hit Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, causing problems in enforcement of social distancing measures set out by the Government. The earthquake could also be felt across much of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, and Austria.[119][120]

According to Oxford University, as of 24 March, Croatia is the country with the world's strictest restrictions and measures for infection reduction in relation to the number of infected.[121] The government set up a website for all information about the virus and a new phone line 113 that has volunteers answering questions.[122]

On 9 March, Cyprus confirmed its first two cases, one in Nicosia and one in Limassol.[123][124][125]

Cases reached 500 in April, 1,000 in July, 4,000 in October and 10,000 in November.

Czech Republic

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