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2014 was designated as: * International Year of Crystallography * International Year of Family Farming * International Year of Small Island Developing States * International Year of Solidarity with the Palestinian People __TOC__


Events


January

* 1 January **
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Latvia
officially adopts the
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as its currency and becomes the 18th member of the . ** The U.S. state of
Colorado Colorado (, other variants) is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West region of the United States. It encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the weste ...

Colorado
becomes the first jurisdiction in the modern world to officially begin state-licensed sales of cannabis for recreational use. * 5 January – A launch of the communication satellite GSAT-14 aboard the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, GSLV Mk.II D5 marks the first successful flight of an Indian cryogenic rocket engine.


February

* February – The West African Ebola virus epidemic begins, infecting at least 28,616 people and killing at least 11,310 people, the most severe both in terms of numbers of infections and casualties. * 7–23 February – The 2014 Winter Olympics, XXII Olympic Winter Games are held in Sochi, Russia. Slopestyle events are introduced for the first time. * 13 February – Belgium becomes the first country in the world to legalise euthanasia for terminally ill patients of any age. * 22 February – 2014 Ukrainian revolution: The Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) votes to remove President of Ukraine, President Viktor Yanukovych from office, replacing him with Oleksandr Turchynov, after days of civil unrest leaving around 100 people dead in Kyiv.


March

* 5 March – Nicolás Maduro, the List of Presidents of Venezuela, President of Venezuela, severs diplomatic and political ties with Panama, accusing Panama of being involved in a conspiracy against the Government of Venezuela, Venezuelan government. * 8 March – Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, a Boeing 777 airliner en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur, disappears over the Gulf of Thailand with 239 people on board. The aircraft is presumed to have crashed into the Indian Ocean. * 16 March ** 2014 Crimean status referendum: A referendum on the status of the Crimea, Crimean Peninsula is held. ** The fifth 2014 ICC World Twenty20, ICC T20 World Cup in cricket is held in Bangladesh. * 21 March – Russia formally Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, annexes Crimea after President of Russia, President Vladimir Putin signs a bill finalizing the process. * 24 March – During an emergency meeting, the United Kingdom, the United States, Italy, Germany, France, Japan, and Canada temporarily suspend Russia from the G8. * 27 March – The United Nations General Assembly passes United Nations General Assembly Resolution 68/262, Resolution 68/262, recognizing Crimea within Ukraine's international borders and rejecting the validity of the 2014 Crimean referendum. * 31 March – The United Nations International Court of Justice rules that Japan's Antarctic Whaling in Japan, whaling program is not scientific but commercial and forbids grants of further permits.


April

*7 April – The Donetsk People's Republic unilaterally declares its independence from Ukraine. * 10 April – In response to the 2014 Crimean crisis, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) passes a resolution to temporarily strip Russia of its voting rights; its rights to be represented in the Bureau of the Assembly, the PACE Presidential Committee, and the PACE Standing Committee; and its right to participate in election-observation missions. * 14 April – Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping: an estimated 276 girls and women are abducted from a school in Nigeria and held hostage. * 16 April – Korean ferry Sinking of MV Sewol, MV ''Sewol'' capsizes and sinks after an unmanageable cargo shift, killing 304 people, mostly high school students. * 25 April — The water source for Flint, Michigan is changed, starting the Flint water crisis. * 27 April – The Catholic Church simultaneously canonization, canonizes Popes John XXIII and John Paul II. * 28 April – United States President of the United States, President Barack Obama's new economic sanctions Russia–United States relations, against Russia go into effect, targeting companies and individuals close to President of Russia, Russian President Vladimir Putin.


May

* 5 May **The World Health Organization identifies the spread of poliomyelitis in at least 10 countries as a major worldwide health emergency. **Boko Haram militants kill approximately 300 people in a night 2014 Gamboru Ngala attack, attack on Gamboru Ngala in Nigeria. * 6–10 May – The Eurovision Song Contest 2014 takes place in Copenhagen, Denmark, and is won by Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest, Austrian entrant Conchita Wurst with the song "Rise Like a Phoenix". * 12 May – The Luhansk People's Republic unilaterally declares its independence from Ukraine. * 14 May – According to a Ministry of Unification, South Korea Unification Ministry report, a twenty-three story Apartment, apartment building collapsed in Pyongchon-guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea (DPR of Korea), with more than 490 fatalities estimated. * 20 May – 2014 Jos bombings: Terrorists in Nigeria detonate bombs at Jos, killing 118 people. * 22 May **2014 Thai coup d'état: The Royal Thai Army overthrows the caretaker government of Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan after a failure to resolve the 2013–14 Thai political crisis, political unrest in Thailand. **A May 2014 Ürümqi attack, terrorist attack in Ürümqi, China leaves 43 dead and more than 90 injured. **The Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic declare the formation of Novorossiya (confederation), Novorossiya, also referred to as the Union of People's Republics.


June

*5 June – A Sunni Islam, Sunni militant group now calling itself the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (also known as ISIS, ISIL or Daesh) begins an Northern Iraq offensive (June 2014), offensive through northern Iraq, aiming to capture the Iraqi capital city of Baghdad and Coup d'état, overthrow the Shia Islam, Shiite government led by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. * 12 June – 13 July – The 2014 FIFA World Cup is held in Brazil, and is won by Germany national football team, Germany. *12 June - In the Camp Speicher massacre in Iraq, ISIL kills 1,566 Shia Iraqi Air Force cadets. It is the second deadliest terrorist attack in history and the deadliest attack conducted by ISIL. *13 June – International military intervention against ISIL begins. *14 June – The Catholic Church removes restrictions on clerical marriage in the Eastern Catholic Churches' diaspora. *19 June – Felipe VI of Spain, Felipe VI becomes List of Spanish monarchs, King of Spain upon the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I of Spain, Juan Carlos I. *29 June – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant declares itself a caliphate.


July

* 8 July – Brazil, hosts of the 2014 FIFA World Cup are Brazil v Germany (2014 FIFA World Cup), beaten 7–1 by Germany in the semi-finals. * 8 July – 26 August – Amid growing tensions between Israel and Hamas following the 2014 kidnapping and murder of Israeli teenagers, kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers in June and the Kidnapping and murder of Mohammed Abu Khdeir, revenge killing of a Palestinian teenager in July, Israel launches 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, Operation Protective Edge against Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip starting with numerous missile strikes, followed by a ground offensive a week later. In seven weeks of fighting, 2,100 Palestinians and 71 Israelis are killed. * 17 July – Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing 777, crashes in eastern Ukraine after being shot down by a missile. All 298 people on board are killed. * 21 July – The United Nations Security Council adopts United Nations Security Council Resolution 2166, Resolution 2166 in response to the shootdown of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17. * 23 July – 3 August – The 2014 Commonwealth Games takes place in Glasgow, Scotland. * 24 July – Air Algérie Flight 5017, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83, crashes in Mali, killing all 116 people on board.


August

* 3 August – Sinjar massacre, beginning of ISIS attacks resulting in massacre of over 4,000 Yazidis in Iraq's Sinjar District. * 7 August – Khmer Rouge leaders Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan are found guilty of crimes against humanity and are sentenced to life imprisonment by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal. * 8 August – American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present), American-led intervention in Iraq: The United States military begins an air campaign in northern Iraq to stem the influx of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL militants. * 9 August – The shooting of Michael Brown, an African American, by a police officer occurs in Ferguson, Missouri triggering riots.


September

* 18 September – In the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, Scotland votes against independence from the United Kingdom. * 22 September – American-led intervention in Syria: The United States and several Arab partners begin their airstrike campaign in Syria. * 26 September – The 2014 World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates, to be held in Cape Town from 13 to 15 October, is suspended after a boycott of Nobel Laureates to protest the third time refusal of a Visa (document), visa to the 14th Dalai Lama by a South African Government "kowtowing to China". *28 September – 2014 Hong Kong protests, Hong Kong protests: Benny Tai Yiu-ting announces that Occupy Central is launched as Hong Kong's government headquarters is being occupied by thousands of protesters. Hong Kong police resort to tear gas to disperse protesters but thousands remain.


October

* 3 October – Stefan Löfvén replaces Fredrik Reinfeldt as Prime Minister of Sweden. * 19 October – The Roman Catholic Church beatifies Pope Paul VI. *20 October – Joko Widodo is inaugurated as the 7th President of Indonesia. * 24 October – Alan Eustace, an American computer scientist, sets a world record highest and longest free fall jump from over Roswell, New Mexico, United States, breaking the sound barrier without any machine assistance during a record space diving, space dive out of a massive Gas balloon, helium-filled balloon. His descent to Earth lasts 4 minutes 27 seconds and stretches nearly with peak speeds exceeding , setting new world records for the highest free-fall jump and total free-fall distance . * 31 October – Longtime Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaoré resigns after 2014 Burkinabé uprising, widespread protests in response to his attempts to abolish presidential term limits.


November

* 2 November – The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) releases the final part of its Fifth Assessment Report, warning that the world faces "severe, pervasive and irreversible" damage from global emissions of CO2. * 3 November – The tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, One World Trade Center in New York City opens. * 12 November – The uncrewed Rosetta spacecraft's ''Philae (spacecraft), Philae'' probe successfully lands on 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, Comet 67P, the first time in history that a spacecraft has landed on such an object.


December

* 3 December – The Japanese space agency, JAXA, launches uncrewed spaceprobe ''Hayabusa2'' from the Tanegashima Space Center on a six-year round-trip mission to 162173 Ryugu, Ryugu to collect rock samples. * 16 December – 2014 Peshawar school massacre: The Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, Pakistani Taliban carry out a mass shooting at an Army Public School Peshawar, army school in Peshawar, Pakistan, killing at least 145 people, mostly schoolchildren. * 17 December – U.S. President Barack Obama announces the Cuban Thaw, resumption of normal diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba. * 28 December – Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 from Surabaya, Indonesia to Singapore crashes into the Java Sea just southwest of Borneo, killing all 162 people on board.


Births

* 10 December ** Princess Gabriella, Countess of Carladès ** Jacques, Hereditary Prince of Monaco


Deaths


January

* 1 January – Juanita Moore, American actress (b. 1914) * 3 January – Saul Zaentz, American film producer (b. 1921) * 5 January ** Eusébio, Portuguese footballer (b. 1942) ** Nelson Ned, Brazilian singer-songwriter (b. 1947) ** Carmen Zapata, American actress (b. 1927) * 6 January – Mónica Spear, Venezuelan actress, Miss Venezuela 2004 (b. 1984) * 7 January – Run Run Shaw, Hong Kong filmmaker and entrepreneur (b. 1907) * 9 January ** Amiri Baraka, American poet (b. 1934) ** Lorella De Luca, Italian actress (b. 1940) ** Dale T. Mortensen, American Nobel economist (b. 1939) * 10 January – Zbigniew Messner, 9th Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland (b. 1929) * 11 January ** Vugar Gashimov, Azerbaijani chess grandmaster (b. 1986) ** Ariel Sharon, 11th Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1928) * 12 January – Alexandra Bastedo, British actress (b. 1946) * 13 January – Anjali Devi, Indian actress (b. 1927) * 14 January ** Juan Gelman, Argentine poet (b. 1930) ** Mae Young, American professional wrestler (b. 1923) * 15 January ** John Dobson (amateur astronomer), John Dobson, American amateur astronomer (b. 1915) ** Roger Lloyd-Pack, English actor (b. 1944) * 16 January ** Russell Johnson, American actor (b. 1924) ** Hiroo Onoda, Japanese army officer (b. 1922) * 17 January ** Mohammed Burhanuddin, Indian Islamic spiritual leader (b. 1915) ** Suchitra Sen, Indian actress (b. 1931) * 18 January – Dennis Frederiksen, American singer (b. 1951) * 20 January – Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor (b. 1933) * 22 January – Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian actor and film producer (b. 1924) * 23 January – Riz Ortolani, Italian film composer (b. 1926) * 25 January – Gyula Sax, Hungarian chess grandmaster (b. 1951) * 26 January – José Emilio Pacheco, Mexican poet and writer (b. 1939) * 27 January – Pete Seeger, American singer, songwriter, musician, and activist (b. 1919) * 29 January – François Cavanna, French author (b. 1923) * 31 January ** Abdirizak Haji Hussein, Somali diplomat and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Somalia (b. 1924) ** Miklós Jancsó, Hungarian film director (b. 1921)


February

* 1 February ** Luis Aragonés, Spanish football player and coach (b. 1938) ** Maximilian Schell, Austrian-Swiss actor (b. 1930) * 2 February ** Gerd Albrecht, German conductor (b. 1935) ** Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor (b. 1967) * 3 February ** Louise Brough, American tennis player (b. 1923) ** Richard Bull (actor), Richard Bull, American actor (b. 1924) ** Joan Mondale, American arts advocate (b. 1930) * 4 February – Wu Ma, Chinese actor and director (b. 1942) * 5 February – Robert A. Dahl, American political scientist and educator (b. 1915) * 6 February – Ralph Kiner, American baseball player and broadcaster (b. 1922) * 8 February – Maicon Pereira de Oliveira, Brazilian footballer (b. 1988) * 10 February ** Stuart Hall (cultural theorist), Stuart Hall, Jamaican-British sociologist (b. 1932) ** Shirley Temple, American actress, dancer, and diplomat (b. 1928) * 11 February – Alice Babs, Swedish singer (b. 1924) * 12 February – Sid Caesar, American actor (b. 1922) * 13 February ** Richard Møller Nielsen, Danish football player and coach (b. 1937) ** Ralph Waite, American actor and political activist (b. 1928) * 14 February – Tom Finney, English footballer (b. 1922) * 18 February – Viscera (wrestler), Nelson Frazier Jr., American professional wrestler (b. 1971) * 19 February – Valeri Kubasov, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1935) * 22 February – Charlotte Dawson, New Zealand–Australian television personality (b. 1966) * 23 February – Alice Herz-Sommer, Czech-British pianist (b. 1903) * 24 February – Harold Ramis, American film director, writer, and actor (b. 1944) * 25 February – Mário Coluna, Mozambican-born Portuguese footballer (b. 1935) * 26 February – Paco de Lucía, Spanish guitarist (b. 1947) * 27 February – Huber Matos, Cuban political leader, activist and writer (b. 1918)


March

* 1 March – Alain Resnais, French film director (b. 1922) * 3 March ** Robert Ashley, American composer (b. 1930) ** William R. Pogue, American astronaut (b. 1930) * 9 March – Mohammed Fahim, Vice President of Afghanistan (b. 1957) * 12 March – Věra Chytilová, Czech film director (b. 1929) * 13 March – Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, 3rd President of Sierra Leone (b. 1932) * 14 March – Tony Benn, British politician and diarist (b. 1925) * 15 March ** David Brenner, American comedian (b. 1936) ** Clarissa Dickson Wright, English chef and television personality (b. 1947) * 17 March – L'Wren Scott, American stylist and fashion designer (b. 1964) * 18 March – Lucius Shepard, American writer (b. 1942) * 19 March – Fred Phelps, American pastor (b. 1929) * 20 March – Hilderaldo Bellini, Brazilian footballer (b. 1930) * 21 March ** Ignatius Zakka I Iwas, 122nd Syriac Orthodox Patriarch (b. 1933) ** James Rebhorn, American actor (b. 1948) * 23 March – Adolfo Suárez, 138th Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1932) * 25 March – Nanda (actress), Nanda, Indian actress (b. 1939) * 27 March – James R. Schlesinger, American economist and politician (b. 1929) * 31 March – Frankie Knuckles, American disk jockey and record producer (b. 1955)


April

* 1 April – Jacques Le Goff, French historian (b. 1924) * 4 April – Kumba Ialá, President of Guinea-Bissau (2000–2003) (b. 1953) * 6 April – Mickey Rooney, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1920) * 8 April ** The Ultimate Warrior, American professional wrestler (b. 1959) ** Karlheinz Deschner, German activist and writer (b. 1924) * 9 April – A. N. R. Robinson, 3rd President of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1926) * 10 April – Sue Townsend, British novelist and playwright (b. 1946) * 13 April – Ernesto Laclau, Argentine political theorist (b. 1935) * 16 April – Gyude Bryant, Liberian politician (b. 1949) * 17 April ** Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian Nobel writer (b. 1927) ** Raul Bragança Neto, 8th Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe (b. 1946) * 18 April – Ramon Malla Call, 63rd Co-Prince of Andorra (b. 1922) * 20 April – Rubin Carter, American boxer (b. 1937) * 24 April ** Hans Hollein, Austrian architect (b. 1934) ** Tadeusz Różewicz, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1921) * 25 April – Tito Vilanova, Spanish footballer and coach (b. 1968) * 27 April – Vujadin Boškov, Serbian footballer and coach (b. 1931) * 29 April – Bob Hoskins, British actor (b. 1942) * 30 April – Ian Ross (newsreader), Ian Ross, Australian newsreader (b. 1940)


May

* 2 May – Efrem Zimbalist Jr., American actor (b. 1918) * 3 May – Gary Becker, American Nobel economist (b. 1930) * 4 May ** Jean-Paul Ngoupandé, Prime Minister of the Central African Republic (b. 1948) ** Tatiana Samoilova, Russian actress (b. 1934) * 6 May ** Jimmy Ellis (boxer), Jimmy Ellis, American boxer (b. 1940) ** Farley Mowat, Canadian author (b. 1921) * 12 May ** Marco Cé, Italian cardinal (b. 1925) ** H. R. Giger, Swiss artist (b. 1940) * 15 May – Jean-Luc Dehaene, 63rd Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1940) * 17 May – Gerald Edelman, American Nobel biologist (b. 1929) * 18 May ** Dobrica Ćosić, Serbian writer and politician, President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (b. 1921) ** Wubbo Ockels, Dutch astronaut and physicist (b. 1946) ** Gordon Willis, American cinematographer (b. 1931) * 19 May – Jack Brabham, Australian race car driver (b. 1926) * 21 May – Jaime Lusinchi, President of Venezuela (b. 1924) * 25 May ** Toaripi Lauti, 1st Prime Minister of Tuvalu (b. 1928) ** Washington César Santos, Brazilian footballer (b. 1960) ** Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish United Workers' Party, Communist leader of Poland (b. 1923) * 28 May ** Maya Angelou, American poet and author (b. 1928) ** Malcolm Glazer, American businessman (b. 1928) * 29 May – Karlheinz Böhm, Austrian actor (b. 1928) * 31 May ** Marinho Chagas, Brazilian footballer (b. 1952) ** Martha Hyer, American actress (b. 1924)


June

* 1 June ** Ann B. Davis, American actress (b. 1926) ** Valentin Mankin, Ukrainian sailor, Olympic triple champion and silver medalist (b. 1938) * 2 June ** Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, Indian cardinal (b. 1924) ** Alexander Shulgin, American pharmacologist and chemist (b. 1925) * 7 June – Fernandão, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1978) * 9 June ** Bernard Agré, Ivorian cardinal (b. 1926) ** Rik Mayall, British comedian, writer and actor (b. 1958) * 11 June ** Ruby Dee, American actress, poet, playwright and civil rights activist (b. 1922) ** Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor and composer (b. 1933) * 13 June – Gyula Grosics, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1926) * 15 June ** Casey Kasem, American radio host and voice actor (b. 1932) ** Daniel Keyes, American author (b. 1927) * 16 June ** Cándido Muatetema Rivas, 4th Prime Minister of Equatorial Guinea (b. 1960) ** Tony Gwynn, American baseball player (b. 1960) * 18 June ** Stephanie Kwolek, American chemist (b. 1923) ** Horace Silver, American jazz pianist and composer (b. 1928) * 21 June – Gerry Conlon, Irish man, wrongly convicted of murder (b. 1954) * 24 June ** Eli Wallach, American actor (b. 1915) ** Ramón José Velásquez, Venezuelan historian, journalist and politician (b. 1916) * 25 June – Ana María Matute, Spanish author (b. 1925) * 26 June – Howard Baker, American politician and diplomat (b. 1925) * 27 June ** Leslie Manigat, 43rd President of Haiti (b. 1930) ** Rachid Solh, 2-Time Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1926) ** Bobby Womack, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944) * 28 June – Meshach Taylor, American actor (b. 1947) * 30 June ** Paul Mazursky, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930) ** Željko Šturanović, Prime Minister of Montenegro (b. 1960)


July

* 1 July – Gérard Kango Ouédraogo, 1st Prime Minister of Burkina Faso (b. 1925) * 2 July – Louis Zamperini, American war veteran and Christian evangelist (b. 1917) * 5 July – Rosemary Murphy, American actress (b. 1925) * 7 July ** Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine-Spanish footballer (b. 1926) ** Dick Jones (actor), Dick Jones, American actor and singer (b. 1927) ** Eduard Shevardnadze, 2nd President of Georgia (b. 1928) * 10 July – Zohra Sehgal, Indian actress and dancer (b. 1912) * 11 July ** Charlie Haden, American jazz bassist (b. 1937) ** Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-American drummer and producer (b. 1949) ** John Seigenthaler, American journalist (b. 1927) * 13 July ** Lorin Maazel, French-American conductor and violinist (b. 1930) ** Nadine Gordimer, South African Nobel writer (b. 1923) * 14 July – Alice Coachman, American athlete (b. 1923) * 16 July – Johnny Winter, American singer and guitarist (b. 1944) * 17 July ** Shuba Jay, Malaysian actress (b. 1976) ** Liam Davison, Australian author (b. 1957) ** Henry Hartsfield, American colonel and astronaut (b. 1933) ** Joep Lange, former president of the International AIDS Society (b. 1954) ** Elaine Stritch, American actress and singer (b. 1925) ** Willem Witteveen, Dutch senator (b. 1952) * 19 July ** David Easton, Canadian-American political scientist (b. 1917) ** James Garner, American actor (b. 1928) ** Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress (b. 1992) * 25 July – Carlo Bergonzi, Italian tenor and actor (b. 1924) * 27 July – Francesco Marchisano, Italian cardinal (b. 1929) * 28 July – James Shigeta, American actor (b. 1929) * 30 July – Julio Grondona, Argentinian football authority (b. 1931)


August

* 1 August – Valyantsin Byalkevich, Belarusian footballer and manager (b. 1973) * 3 August – Edward Clancy (cardinal), Edward Clancy, Australian cardinal (b. 1923) * 5 August – Harold J. Greene, American military officer (b. 1959) * 6 August – John Woodland Hastings, American biochemist (b. 1927) * 8 August ** Menahem Golan, Israeli filmmaker (b. 1929) ** Peter Sculthorpe, Australian composer (b. 1929) * 9 August ** Andriy Bal, Ukrainian football player and coach (b. 1958) ** Ed Nelson, American actor (b. 1928) * 11 August ** Vladimir Beara, Yugoslav football player and manager (b. 1928) ** Pierre Ryckmans (writer), Pierre Ryckmans, Belgian diplomat and author (b. 1935) ** Robin Williams, American stand-up comedian and actor (b. 1951) * 12 August – Lauren Bacall, American actress (b. 1924) * 13 August – Frans Brüggen, Dutch musician (b. 1934) * 15 August – Licia Albanese, Italian-American soprano (b. 1909) * 18 August – Don Pardo, American radio and television announcer (b. 1918) * 19 August – Simin Behbahani, Iranian poet (b. 1927) * 20 August ** B. K. S. Iyengar, Indian yoga teacher and author (b. 1918) ** Edmund Szoka, American cardinal (b. 1927) * 21 August ** Steven R. Nagel, American astronaut (b. 1946) ** Albert Reynolds, 9th Taoiseach of Ireland (Prime Minister) (b. 1932) * 22 August – U. R. Ananthamurthy, Indian writer (b. 1932) * 24 August – Richard Attenborough, British actor and film director (b. 1923) * 27 August – Peret, Spanish Romani musician (b. 1935) * 28 August – Glenn Cornick, British bass guitarist (b. 1947) * 29 August – Björn Waldegård, Swedish rally driver (b. 1943)


September

* September – Kim Song-ae, Korean politician (b. 1924) * 1 September – Gottfried John, German actor (b. 1942) * 4 September ** Donatas Banionis, Lithuanian actor (b. 1924) ** Joan Rivers, American writer, comedian, actress, and television host (b. 1933) ** Gustavo Cerati, Argentinian singer (b. 1959) * 5 September ** Simone Battle, American actress and singer (b. 1989) ** Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologian (b. 1928) * 6 September – Kira Zvorykina, Belarusian chess player (b. 1919) * 7 September – Kwon Ri-se, South Korean singer (b. 1991) * 8 September ** Magda Olivero, Italian soprano (b. 1910) ** Gerald Wilson, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1918) *9 September – Bob Suter, American ice hockey player (b. 1957) * 10 September ** Emilio Botín, Spanish banker (b. 1934) ** Richard Kiel, American actor (b. 1939) * 11 September – Bob Crewe, American songwriter, dancer, singer, manager and record producer (b. 1930) * 12 September ** Atef Ebeid, Egyptian politician, 47th Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1932) ** Ian Paisley, British politician and First Minister of Northern Ireland (b. 1926) ** Joe Sample, American pianist and composer (b. 1939) ** Donald Sinden, Sir Donald Sinden, English actor (b. 1923) * 15 September ** Yitzhak Hofi, Israeli general (b. 1927) ** Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia (b. 1922) * 17 September ** George Hamilton IV, American country singer (b. 1937) ** Andriy Husin, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1972) * 20 September ** Anatoly Berezovoy, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1942) ** Polly Bergen, American actress (b. 1930) * 24 September – Christopher Hogwood, English conductor, writer, and musicologist (b. 1941) * 25 September ** Sulejman Tihić, Bosnian politician (b. 1951) ** Dorothy Tyler-Odam, British athlete (b. 1920) * 28 September – Dannie Abse, British poet (b. 1923) * 30 September – Martin Lewis Perl, American Nobel physicist (b. 1927)


October

* 2 October – György Lázár, Hungarian politician, Chairman of the Council of Ministers (b. 1924) * 4 October ** Fyodor Cherenkov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1959) ** Jean-Claude Duvalier, 41st President of Haiti (b. 1951) * 5 October ** Andrea de Cesaris, Italian race car driver (b. 1959) ** Geoffrey Holder, Trinidadian-American actor, dancer, choreographer, singer, director and painter (b. 1930) ** Yuri Lyubimov, Russian actor and director (b. 1917) ** Misty Upham, Native American actress (b. 1982) * 6 October ** Igor Mitoraj, Polish sculptor (b. 1944) ** Marian Seldes, American actress (b. 1928) * 7 October – Siegfried Lenz, German writer (b. 1926) * 9 October – Jan Hooks, American actress and comedian (b. 1957) * 14 October – Elizabeth Peña, American actress (b. 1959) * 16 October – John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, British peer and educator (b. 1926) * 17 October – Masaru Emoto, Japanese author (b. 1943) * 20 October – Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (b. 1932) * 21 October ** Ben Bradlee, American journalist (b. 1921) ** Gough Whitlam, 21st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1916) * 23 October – Tullio Regge, Italian physicist and academic (b. 1931) * 24 October ** Mbulaeni Mulaudzi, South African middle-distance runner (b. 1980) ** Marcia Strassman, American actress and singer (b. 1948) * 25 October – Jack Bruce, Scottish bassist (b. 1943) * 26 October – Senzo Meyiwa - South African professional goalkeeper (b. 1984) * 28 October – Michael Sata, 5th President of Zambia (b. 1937) * 29 October ** Rainer Hasler, Liechtensteiner footballer (b. 1958) ** Klas Ingesson, Swedish footballer (b. 1968) * 30 October – Thomas Menino, American politician (b. 1942)


November

* 2 November ** Acker Bilk, British jazz clarinetist (b. 1929) ** Veljko Kadijević, Yugoslavian general (b. 1925) * 3 November ** Gordon Tullock, American economist and academic (b. 1922) ** Sadashiv Amrapurkar, Indian actor (b. 1950) * 10 November – Ken Takakura, Japanese actor (b. 1931) * 11 November – Carol Ann Susi, American actress (b. 1952) * 12 November – Warren Clarke, English actor (b. 1947) * 13 November – Alexander Grothendieck, German-French mathematician (b. 1928) * 14 November ** Eugene Dynkin, Russian-American mathematician and academic (b. 1924) ** Glen A. Larson, American television producer and writer (b. 1937) * 16 November – Serge Moscovici, Romanian-French psychologist (b. 1925) * 17 November – Jimmy Ruffin, American singer (b. 1936) * 18 November – Ahmad Lozi, 48th Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1925) * 19 November – Mike Nichols, German-born American film and stage director (b. 1931) * 20 November – Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba, Spanish aristocrat (b. 1926) * 22 November – Fiorenzo Angelini, Italian cardinal (b. 1916) * 23 November – Pat Quinn (ice hockey), Pat Quinn, Canadian ice hockey coach and executive (b. 1943) * 24 November – Viktor Tikhonov (ice hockey, born 1930), Viktor Tikhonov, Soviet ice hockey player and coach (b. 1930) * 26 November – Sabah (singer), Sabah, Lebanese singer and actress (b. 1927) * 27 November ** P. D. James, English writer and life peer (b. 1920) ** Phillip Hughes, Australian cricketer (b. 1988) * 28 November – Chespirito, Roberto Gómez Bolaños, Mexican actor and comedian (b. 1929) * 30 November – Go Seigen, Chinese-born Japanese Go (game), Go player (b. 1914)


December

* 2 December – Jean Béliveau, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1931) * 3 December ** Jacques Barrot, French politician (b. 1937) ** Ian McLagan, British musician (b. 1945) * 5 December – Queen Fabiola of Belgium (b. 1928) * 6 December – Ralph H. Baer, American video game pioneer (b. 1922) * 8 December – Knut Nystedt, Norwegian composer (b. 1915) * 9 December ** Jorge María Mejía, Argentine cardinal (b. 1923) ** Mary Ann Mobley, American actress (b. 1937) * 16 December – Ernie Terrell, American boxer (b. 1939) * 18 December – Virna Lisi, Italian actress (b. 1936) * 21 December ** Åke Johansson, Swedish footballer (b. 1928) ** Udo Jürgens, Austrian composer and singer (b. 1934) ** Billie Whitelaw, English actress (b. 1932) * 22 December ** Joe Cocker, English singer (b. 1944) ** Abdel Aziz Mohamed Hegazy, 38th Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1923) ** Joseph Sargent, American film director (b. 1925) ** Christine Cavanaugh, American actress and voice actress (b. 1963) * 26 December – Leo Tindemans, 43rd Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1922) * 27 December – Tomaž Šalamun, Slovenian poet (b. 1941) * 30 December – Luise Rainer, German-born American actress (b. 1910) * 31 December – Edward Herrmann, American actor (b. 1943)


Nobel Prizes

File:Nobel medal.png, 120px, Nobel medal * Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and W. E. Moerner * Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Economics – Jean Tirole * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – Patrick Modiano * Nobel Prize for Peace, Peace – Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai * Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – John O'Keefe (neuroscientist), John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser


New English words

*''ICO'' *''initial coin offering'' *''manspreading''


See also

*International observance#2010s, List of international years


References

{{Authority control 2014,