2001 (MMI ) was a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Gregorian calendar , the 2001st year of the Common Era (CE) and _ Anno Domini _ (AD) designations, the 1st year of the 3rd millennium , the 1st year of the 21st century , and the 2nd year of the 2000s decade.
2001 was designated as:
* International Year of Volunteers
* 1 Events
* 1.1 January * 1.2 February * 1.3 March * 1.4 April * 1.5 May * 1.6 June * 1.7 July * 1.8 August * 1.9 September * 1.10 October * 1.11 November * 1.12 December
* 2 Births
* 2.1 January * 2.2 February * 2.3 March * 2.4 May * 2.5 June * 2.6 July * 2.7 August * 2.8 September * 2.9 October * 2.10 November * 2.11 December
* 3 Deaths
* 3.1 January * 3.2 February * 3.3 March * 3.4 April * 3.5 May * 3.6 June * 3.7 July * 3.8 August * 3.9 September * 3.10 October * 3.11 November * 3.12 December * 3.13 Specific date of death unknown
* 4 Nobel Prizes * 5 References * 6 External links
* January 1 – Kolkata officially restores name from Calcutta, West Bengal, India . * January 10 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission approves the merger of America Online and Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner . * January 13 – A 7.6 magnitude earthquake hits all of El Salvador , killing at least 800 people and leaving thousands homeless.
* George W. Bush is sworn in as the 43rd President of the United States. * Impeachment proceedings against Philippine President Joseph Estrada , accused of playing Jueteng , end preeminently and trigger the second EDSA People Power Revolution or People Power II . His Vice-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo succeeds him as the 14th President of the Republic.
* January 23 – The Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident occurs. * January 26 – The 7.7 Mw Gujarat earthquake shakes Western India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (_Extreme_), leaving 13,805–20,023 dead and about 166,800 injured. * January 31 – The Congressional Budget Office of the United States forecasts a $5,600,000,000,000 budget surplus for the next 10 years.
* February 9 – The submarine USS _Greeneville_ accidentally strikes and sinks the Japanese fishing vessel _ Ehime-Maru _ near Hawaii. * February 12 – The NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touches down in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros , becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid . * February 13 – A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hits El Salvador , killing at least 400. * February 16 – Iraq disarmament crisis : British and U.S. forces carry out bombing raids, attempting to disable Iraq 's air defense network. * February 18 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested and charged with spying for Russia for 25 years. * February 20 – The 2001 UK foot-and-mouth crisis begins. * February 28 – The Great Heck rail crash occurs.
* March 23
* The deorbit of Russian space station Mir is carried out near Nadi, Fiji , with Mir falling into the Pacific Ocean. * The World Wrestling Federation (WWF/now WWE) purchases rival organization World Championship Wrestling (WCW) for an estimated US$7 million.
* April 1
* Hainan Island incident : A Chinese fighter jet bumps into a U.S. EP-3E surveillance aircraft, which is forced to make an emergency landing in Hainan , China. The U.S. crew is detained for 10 days and the F-8 Chinese pilot, Wang Wei, goes missing and is presumed dead. * Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes . * In the Netherlands, the Act on the Opening up of Marriage goes into effect. The Act allows same-sex couples to marry legally for the first time in the world since the reign of Nero .
* May 6 – Space tourist Dennis Tito returns to Earth aboard _Soyuz TM-31 _. (_ Soyuz TM-32 _ is left docked at the International Space Station as a new lifeboat.) * May 7 – In Banja Luka , Bosnia and Herzegovina , an attempt is made to reconstruct the Ferhadija mosque . However, the ceremony results in mass riots by Serb nationalists , who beat and stone 300 elderly Bosnian Muslims . * May 13 – Silvio Berlusconi wins the general election and becomes Prime Minister of Italy for the second time. * May 14 – The Mac OS X Public Beta expires and its Aqua user interface ceases to function. * May 22 – A large trans-Neptunian object ( 28978 Ixion ) is found during the Deep Ecliptic Survey .
* May 24
* June 1
* Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal kills his father, the king, his mother and other members of the royal family with an assault rifle and then shoots himself in the Nepalese royal massacre . Dipendra dies June 4 , as King of Nepal. His uncle Gyanendra accedes to the throne. * A Hamas suicide bomber kills 21, mostly teenagers, in the Dolphinarium disco in Tel Aviv , Israel .
* June 5 –9 – Tropical Storm Allison produces 36 inches (900 mm) of rain in Houston , killing 22, damaging the Texas Medical Center , and causing more than 5 billion American dollars of damage overall. * June 6 – U.S Senator Jim Jeffords of Vermont leaves Republican party to caucus as an independent with Democrats, handing majority control of the Senate to the Democratic Party and Majority Leader Tom Daschle * June 7 – George W. Bush signs the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 , the first tax cut of a series now known as the Bush tax cuts . * June 11 – In Terre Haute, Indiana , Timothy McVeigh is executed for the Oklahoma City bombing . * June 19 – A missile hits a soccer field in northern Iraq (Tel Afr County), killing 23 and wounding 11. According to U.S. officials, it was an Iraqi missile that malfunctioned. * June 20 – Andrea Yates drowns all 5 of her young children in Houston , as a way to save them from Satan . * June 21 – The world's longest train is set up by BHP Iron Ore and is recorded going between Newman and Port Hedland in Western Australia (a distance of 275 km, or 170 miles) and the train consists of 682 loaded iron ore wagons and 8 GE AC6000CW locomotives, giving a gross weight of almost 100,000 tonnes and moves 82,262 tonnes of ore; the train is 7.353 km (4.569 mi) long. * June 23 – The 8.4 Mw southern Peru earthquake shakes coastal Peru with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (_Severe_). A destructive tsunami followed, leaving at least 75 people dead, and 2,687 injured.
* July 2 – The world's first self-contained artificial heart is implanted in Robert Tools in the United States. * July 3 – Vladivostok Air Flight 352 crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk Airport , Russia, killing 145. * July 7 – 2001 Bradford riots : Race riots erupt in Bradford in the north of England after National Front members reportedly stab an Asian man outside a pub.
* July 16
* The People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation sign the 2001 Sino-Russian Treaty of Friendship ("Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation"). * The FBI arrests Dmitry Sklyarov at a convention in Las Vegas for violating a provision of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act .
* July 18 – In Baltimore , Maryland, a 60-car train derailment occurs in a tunnel, sparking a fire that lasts days and virtually shuts down downtown Baltimore. * July 19 – UK politician and novelist Jeffrey Archer is sentenced to 4 years in prison for perjury and perverting the course of justice. * July 20 –22 – The 27th G8 summit takes place in Genoa , Italy. Massive demonstrations are held against the meeting by members of the anti-globalization movement . One demonstrator, Carlo Giuliani , is shot dead by a carabiniere . Several others are badly injured during a police attack on a school used by the protesters as their headquarters.
* July 24
* Bandaranaike Airport attack : Tamil Tigers attack Bandaranaike International Airport in Sri Lanka , causing an estimated $500 million of damage. * Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha , deposed as the last Tsar of Bulgaria when a child, is sworn in as the democratically elected 48th Prime Minister of Bulgaria .
* August 1 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office. * August 6 – Erwadi fire incident , 28 mentally ill persons tied to chain were burnt to death at a faith based institution at Erwadi , Tamil Nadu . * August 9 – A Sbarro restaurant in Jerusalem is attacked by a Palestinian militant , who kills 15 civilians and wounds 130. * August 10 – The 2001 Angola train attack , causing 252 deaths. * August 21 – NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the Republic of Macedonia . * August 24 – Air Transat Flight 236 runs out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean (en route to Lisbon from Toronto) and makes an emergency landing in the Azores . * August 25 – American singer Aaliyah and several members of her record company are killed as their overloaded aircraft crashes shortly after takeoff from Marsh Harbour Airport , Bahamas . * August 31 – September 1 – The 2001 Vancouver TV realignment occurs in British Columbia , Canada. * August 31 – The World Conference against Racism 2001 begins in Durban , South Africa.
* September 3
* In Belfast , Protestant loyalists begin a picket of Holy Cross , a Catholic primary school for girls. For the next 11 weeks, riot police escort the schoolchildren and their parents through hundreds of protesters, amid rioting and heightened violence. * The United States, Canada and Israel withdraw from the U.N. Conference on Racism because they feel that the issue of Zionism is overemphasized .
* September 4 – Tokyo DisneySea opens to the public as part of the Tokyo Disney Resort in Urayasu, Chiba , Japan. * September 6 – United States v. Microsoft Corp. _: The United States Justice Department announces that it no longer seeks to break up software maker Microsoft , and will instead seek a lesser antitrust penalty.
* September 9
* A suicide bomber kills Ahmad Shah Massoud , military commander of the Afghan Northern Alliance . * 68 people die of methanol poisoning in Pärnu County , Estonia . * The Unix billennium is reached, marking the beginning of the use of 10-digit decimal Unix time stamps.
* September 10
* Donald Rumsfeld gives a speech regarding $2.3 trillion in Pentagon spending that cannot be accounted for. He identifies the Pentagon bureaucracy as the biggest threat to America. * Antônio da Costa Santos , mayor of Campinas , Brazil is assassinated.
* September 11 – 2,977 victims are killed in the September 11 attacks at the World Trade Center in New York City , New York , The Pentagon in Arlington County , Virginia , and in rural Shanksville , Pennsylvania after American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 are hijacked and crash into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers , American Airlines Flight 77 is hijacked and crashes into the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93 is hijacked and crashes into grassland in Shanksville, due to the passengers fighting to regain control of the airplane. The World Trade Center towers collapse as a result of the crashes. * September 12 – Ansett Australia Airlines is placed into administration, the company's fleet is grounded 2 days later on September 14. * September 13 – Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the United States after the September 11 attacks . * September 14 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks . A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill , the largest vigil ever held in the nation's capital. * September 17 – The New York Stock Exchange reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks , the longest closure since the Great Depression . * September 18 – The 2001 anthrax attacks commence as letters containing anthrax spores are mailed from Princeton, New Jersey to ABC News , CBS News , NBC News , the _ New York Post _, and the _National Enquirer _. 22 in total are exposed; 5 of them die. * September 20 – In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a "War on Terror ".
* September 21
* In Toulouse , France, the AZote Fertilisant chemical factory explodes, killing 29 and seriously wounding over 2,500. * Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly . * America: A Tribute to Heroes is broadcast by over 35 network and cable channels, raising over $200 million for the victims of the September 11 attacks .
* October 1 – Militants attack the state legislature building in Srinagar, Kashmir, killing 38. * October 2 – Swissair seeks for bankruptcy protection and grounds its entire fleet, resulting in over 230 flights cancelled and stranding 18,000 people worldwide. * October 4 – Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 crashes over the Black Sea en route from Tel Aviv , Israel, to Novosibirsk , Russia; 78 are killed. * October 7 – War in Afghanistan : The United States invades Afghanistan , with participation from other nations.
* A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan , Italy, killing 118 people. * U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security .
* October 9 – Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks . * October 11 – The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection. * October 15 – NASA 's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles (180 km) of Jupiter 's moon Io . * October 17 – Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Ze\'evi becomes the first Israeli minister to be assassinated in a terrorist attack. * October 19 – _ SIEV X _ sinks en route to Christmas Island , killing 353 people.
* The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks. * The iPod is first introduced by Apple .
Soldiers board a Chinook helicopter
* The People's Republic of China is admitted to the World Trade Organization after 15 years of negotiations. * Heavy rains and mudslides in Algeria kill more than 900. * John Howard, the Prime Minister of Australia , is elected to a third term.
* American Airlines Flight 587 crashes in Queens minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport , killing all 260 on board. * War in Afghanistan : Taliban forces abandon Kabul , ahead of advancing Northern Alliance troops.
* November 13 – In the first such act since World War II, U.S. President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts against the United States. * November 14 – War in Afghanistan : Northern Alliance fighters take over the capital Kabul . * November 20 – U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday. * November 23 – The Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest , Hungary. * November 27 – A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope , the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet. * November 30 – Gary Ridgway , a.k.a. The Green River Killer, is arrested outside the truck factory where he had worked in Renton, Washington. His arrest marked the end of one of the longest running homicide investigations in US history.
* December – The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty produces a report on Responsibility to protect . * December 1 – The last Trans World Airlines flight lands at St. Louis International Airport , following TWA's purchase by American Airlines .
* Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection 5 days after Dynegy cancels a US$8.4 billion buyout bid (to this point, the largest bankruptcy in U.S. history). * 1998– 2002 Argentine great depression : _ Corralito _ – The government effectively freezes all bank accounts for twelve months leading to December 2001 riots in Argentina .
* The People\'s Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization . * The United States government indicts Zacarias Moussaoui for involvement in the September 11 attacks . * The United States Customs Service raids members of international software piracy group DrinkOrDie in Operation Buccaneer .
* 2001 Indian Parliament attack : 12 are killed, leading to a 2001–02 India–Pakistan standoff . * U.S. President George W. Bush announces the US withdrawal from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty .
* A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg ) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Zavkhan , Mongolia . * Argentine economic crisis : December riots : Riots erupt in Buenos Aires , Argentina .
* Burhanuddin Rabbani , political leader of the Northern Alliance , hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai . * Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63 .
* The People's Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade status with the United States. * Tropical Storm Vamei forms within 1.5 degrees of the equator. No other tropical cyclone in recorded history has come as close to the equator.
* February 2 – Connor Gibbs , American actor * February 5 – Juan Karlos Labajo , Filipino singer and performer * February 15 – Haley Tju , American actress * February 19 – David Mazouz , American actor * February 21 – Isabella Acres , American actress * February 24 – Ramona Marquez , British actress
* October 9 – Louis Hynes , British actor * October 12 – Raymond Ochoa , American actor * October 13 – Caleb McLaughlin , American actor * October 14 – Rowan Blanchard , American actress * October 17 – Thomas Strudwick , British motorcycle road racer * October 25 – Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant , daughter and Heiress Apparent of Philippe, King of the Belgians
Main article: Deaths in 2001
* January 27 – Marie José of Belgium , last Queen of Italy (b. 1906 ) * January 30 – Michel Marcel Navratil , last French citizen and male survivor of the Titanic disaster (b. 1908 ) * January 31 – Gordon R. Dickson , Canadian writer (b. 1923 )
* March 12
* March 15
* March 18 – John Phillips , American singer-songwriter (b. 1935 ) * March 22 – William Hanna , American animator and businessman (b. 1910 ) * March 31 – Clifford Shull , American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915 )
* April 7
* April 8 – Van Stephenson , American singer-songwriter (b. 1953 ) * April 15 – Joey Ramone , American musician and singer (b. 1951 ) * April 20 – Giuseppe Sinopoli , Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946 ) * April 21 – Jack Haley Jr. , American film director and producer (b. 1933) * April 26 – Michele Alboreto , Italian racing driver (b. 1956 ) * April 29 – Barend Biesheuvel , Dutch politician and corporate director, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971–1973) (b. 1920 )
* May 11 – Douglas Adams , English author (b. 1952 ) * May 12 – Perry Como , American singer (b. 1912 ) * May 13 – R. K. Narayan , Indian novelist (b. 1906 ) * May 17 – Jacques-Louis Lions , French mathematician (b. 1928 ) * May 24 – Javier Urruticoechea , Spanish footballer (b. 1952 ) * May 31 – Arlene Francis , American actress and game show panelist (b. 1907 )
* June 1 – King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945 ) * June 2 – Imogene Coca , American actress (b. 1908 ) * June 3 – Anthony Quinn , Mexican-American actor (b. 1915 ) * June 4 – King Dipendra of Nepal (b. 1971 ) * June 7 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro , President of Bolivia (b. 1907 ) * June 10 – Leila Pahlavi , Iranian princess (b. 1970 ) * June 17 – Donald J. Cram , American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919 )
* June 21
* June 27
* June 28
* July 1 – Nikolay Basov , Soviet physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922 ) * July 11 - Herman Brood , Dutch musician (b. 1946 ) * July 21 - Sivaji Ganesan , Indian actor (b. 1928 ) * July 24 – Hiroshi Tsuburaya , Japanese actor (b. 1964 ) * July 28 – Ahmed Sofa , Bangladeshi writer (b. 1943 ) * July 29 – Edward Gierek , Polish politician (b. 1913 ) * July 31 – Francisco da Costa Gomes , President of Portugal (b. 1914 )
* August 1 – Poul Anderson , American author (b. 1926 ) * August 3 – Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford , British peer, politician and reformer (b. 1905 ) * August 4 – Lorenzo Music , American voice actor (b. 1937 )
* August 6
* August 19 - Donald Woods , South African journalist and anti-apartheid activist (b. 1933 ) * August 20 – Fred Hoyle , British astronomer and writer (b. 1915 ) * August 22 – Bernard Heuvelmans , Belgian-French cryptozoologist (b. 1916 ) * August 23 – Kathleen Freeman , American actress (b. 1919 ) * August 24 – Jane Greer , American actress (b. 1924 )
* September 2
* September 3
* David Angell , American television producer (b. 1946) * Berry Berenson , American photographer (and widow of Anthony Perkins ) (b. 1948 ) * Daniel Lewin , American-Israeli mathematician and entrepreneur (b. 1970 ) * Barbara Olson , American television commentator (b. 1955)
* September 12 – Victor Wong , Chinese-American character actor (b. 1927 ) * September 13 – Frédéric-Antonin Breysse , French cartoonist (b. 1907) * September 14 – Dorothy McGuire , American actress (b. 1916 )
* September 20
* October 4 – Blaise Alexander , American automobile racing driver (b. 1976 ) * October 15 – Zhang Xueliang , Chinese military figure (b. 1901 ) * October 22 – Bertie Mee , English football player and coach (b. 1918 ) * October 24 – Jaromil Jireš , Czechoslovak filmmaker (b. 1935 )
* November 1 – Juan Bosch , President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1909 ) * November 3 – Sir Ernst Hans Josef Gombrich , Austrian-born art historian (b. 1909 ) * November 5 – Gholam Reza Azhari , 73rd Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1912 ) * November 6 – Milton William Cooper , American author and radio host (b. 1943 ) * November 7 – Nida Blanca , Filipino actress (b. 1936 ) * November 9 – Giovanni Leone , 37th Prime Minister of Italy and 6th President of Italy (b. 1908 ) * November 10 – Ken Kesey , American author (b. 1935 ) * November 22 – Mary Kay Ash , American businesswoman (b. 1918 ) * November 23 – Mary Whitehouse , British conservative activist (b. 1910 )
* December 12 – Josef Bican , Czech-Austrian footballer (b. 1913 ) * December 13 – Chuck Schuldiner , American singer and guitarist (b. 1967 ) * December 16 – Stuart Adamson , Scottish singer and guitarist ( Big Country ) (b. 1958 ) * December 18 – Marcel Mule , French saxophonist (b. 1901) * December 20 – Léopold Sédar Senghor , First president of Senegal (b. 1906 )
* December 23 – Jelle Zijlstra , Dutch politician and economist, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1966–1967) (b. 1918 ) * December 26 – Nigel Hawthorne , British actor (b. 1929 ) * December 31 – Eileen Heckart , American actress (b. 1919 )
SPECIFIC DATE OF DEATH UNKNOWN
* Etan Patz was declared legally dead. He was an American child that disappeared on May 25, 1979. His disappearance sparked the missing children's movement.
* Physics – Eric Allin Cornell , Wolfgang Ketterle , and Carl Wieman * Chemistry – William Standish Knowles , Ryōji Noyori , and Karl Barry Sharpless * Medicine – Leland H. Hartwell , Tim Hunt , and Paul Nurse * Literature – V. S. Naipaul * Peace – United Nations , Kofi Annan * Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – George Akerlof , Michael Spence , and Joseph Stiglitz
* ^ "Why was Calcutta renamed to Kolkata?". _Quora_. Retrieved 9 July 2017. * ^ Stevenson, Richard W. (2001-01-31). "SURPLUS ESTIMATE HITS $5.6 TRILLION". United States: NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2015-11-25. * ^ " Mac OS X Public Beta Expires Today". Macobserver.com. Retrieved 2015-11-25. * ^ "23 Iraqis Reported Killed". Iraq; Great Britain: NYTimes.com. 2001-06-21. Retrieved 2015-11-25. * ^ "\'As Slow As Possible\': World\'s Longest Running Concert At St. Burchard Church Turns 10". The Huffington Post . November 21, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2015. * ^ "Speech View". Defense.gov. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
* 2000s portal
* 2001 - The Year in Review - The Financial Times