200-meter dash
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The 200 metres, or 200-meter dash, is a sprint running event. On an outdoor 400 metre racetrack, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques is needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the '' stadion'' and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes predominantly rely on anaerobic energy system during the 200 m sprint. Similarly to other sprint distances, the 200 m begins from the starting blocks. When the sprinters adopt the 'set' position in the blocks they are able to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles. This enables them to stride forwards more powerfully when the race begins and start faster. In the United States and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m (218.723 yards), though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds, but other conversion methods exist. Another obsolete version of this race is the 200 metres straight, which was run on tracks that contained such a straight. Initially, when the International Amateur Athletic Association (now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations) started to ratify world records in 1912, only records set on a straight track were eligible for consideration. In 1951, the IAAF started to recognise records set on a curved track. In 1976, the straight record was discarded. The race attracts runners from other events, primarily the
100 metres The 100 metres, or 100-meter dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, the dash is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics Athletics is a g ...
, wishing to double up and claim both titles. This feat has been achieved by men eleven times at the
Olympic Games The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (french: link=no, Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a var ...
: by Archie Hahn in 1904, Ralph Craig in 1912, Percy Williams in 1928, Eddie Tolan in 1932,
Jesse Owens James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens (September 12, 1913March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete who won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games. Owens specialized in the sprints and the long jump and was recognized in his lif ...
in 1936, Bobby Morrow in 1956, Valeriy Borzov in 1972, Carl Lewis in 1984, and most recently by Jamaica's
Usain Bolt Usain St. Leo Bolt, , (; born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican Sprint (running), sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is the world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres, and 4 × 100 metres rel ...
in 2008, 2012, and 2016. The double has been accomplished by women eight times: by Fanny Blankers-Koen in 1948, Marjorie Jackson in 1952, Betty Cuthbert in 1956, Wilma Rudolph in 1960, Renate Stecher in 1972, Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988, and
Elaine Thompson-Herah Elaine Sandra-Lee Thompson-Herah OD (née A birth name is the name of a person given upon birth. The term may be applied to the surname, the given name A given name (also known as a forename or first name) is the part of a personal ...
in 2016 and 2021. Marion Jones finished first in both races in 2000 but was later disqualified and stripped of her medals after admitting to taking performance-enhancing drugs. An Olympic double of 200 m and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Michael Johnson from the United States and Marie-José Pérec of France both in 1996.
Usain Bolt Usain St. Leo Bolt, , (; born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican Sprint (running), sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is the world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres, and 4 × 100 metres rel ...
is the only man to repeat as Olympic champion, Bärbel Wöckel (née Eckert), Veronica Campbell-Brown and
Elaine Thompson-Herah Elaine Sandra-Lee Thompson-Herah OD (née A birth name is the name of a person given upon birth. The term may be applied to the surname, the given name A given name (also known as a forename or first name) is the part of a personal ...
are the three women who have repeated as Olympic champion. The men's world record holder is
Usain Bolt Usain St. Leo Bolt, , (; born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican Sprint (running), sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is the world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres, and 4 × 100 metres rel ...
of Jamaica, who ran 19.19 s at the 2009 World Championships. The women's world record holder is Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United States, who ran 21.34 s at the 1988 Summer Olympics. The reigning Olympic champions are Andre De Grasse (CAN) and
Elaine Thompson-Herah Elaine Sandra-Lee Thompson-Herah OD (née A birth name is the name of a person given upon birth. The term may be applied to the surname, the given name A given name (also known as a forename or first name) is the part of a personal ...
(JAM). The reigning World Champions are Noah Lyles (USA) and Shericka Jackson (JAM). Races run with an aiding wind measured over 2.0 metres per second are not acceptable for record purposes.


Continental records

*Updated 22 October 2019.


Notes

* Represents a mark set at a high altitude.


All-time top 25


Men (outdoor)

*Updated September 2022


Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 19.70). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown: * Kenny Bednarek ran 19.49 (+6.1 m/s) at high altitude in Hobbs, New Mexico on 17 May 2019, 19.65 (+4.0 m/s) on 10 April 2021 in Miramar, Florida, and 19.65 (+3.2 m/s) in Lausanne on 26 August 2021. * Andre De Grasse ran 19.58 (+2.4 m/s) in
Eugene, Oregon Eugene ( ) is a city in the U.S. state of Oregon Oregon () is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snak ...
on 12 June 2015. * Leroy Burrell ran 19.61 (+4.1 m/s) in
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on 19 May 1990. Until 1 August 1996, it was the best performance in any condition. * Terrance Laird ran 19.64 (+5.6 m/s) at high altitude in Hobbs, New Mexico on 17 May 2019.


Women (outdoor)

*Updated July 2022


Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 21.80). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown: * Tamara Clark ran 21.72 (+3.1 m/s) in
Austin, Texas Austin is the capital city of the U.S. state of Texas Texas (, ; Spanish language, Spanish: ''Texas'', ''Tejas'') is a state in the South Central United States, South Central region of the United States. At 268,596 square miles (69 ...
on 26 March 2022. * Kimberlyn Duncan ran 21.80 (+3.2 m/s) in
Des Moines, Iowa Des Moines () is the capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Iowa. It is also the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is in us ...
on 23 June 2013.


Men (indoor)

*Updated February 2022.


Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 20.30: * Frankie Fredericks also ran 20.10 (1999), 20.18 (1999) and 20.26 (1995). * Wallace Spearmon also ran 20.10 (2005), 20.19 (2008) and 20.21 (2005). * Divine Oduduru also ran 20.18 (2018) and 20.21 (2018). * Trayvon Bromell also ran 20.23 (2015). * Elijah Hall also ran 20.26 (2018). * Matthew Boling also ran 20.27 (2022). * Terrance Laird also ran 20.28 (2021). * Shawn Crawford also ran 20.30 (2002).


Women (indoor)

*Updated February 2022.


Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 22.45: * Irina Privalova also ran 22.15 (1993), 22.16 (1994), 22.26 (1992), 22.32 (1995), 22.36 (1992), 22.41 (1991) and 22.45 (1991). * Abby Steiner also ran 22.16 (2022), 22.37 (2022), 22.38 (2021), 22.41 (2021), 22.45 (2022). * Merlene Ottey also twice ran 22.24 (1991), 22.34 (1989) and 22.37 (1991). * Veronica Campbell-Brown also ran 22.43 (2004).


Olympic medalists


Men


Women


World Championships medalists


Men


Women


World Indoor Championships medalists


Men


Women

* Known as the ''World Indoor Games''


Season's best


Men


Women


References


External links


IAAF list of 200-metres records in XML
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