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The 1990 FIFA
FIFA
WORLD CUP was the 14th FIFA World Cup , the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 8 June to 8 July 1990 in Italy, the second country to host the event twice (the first being Mexico
Mexico
in 1986 ). Teams representing 116 national football associations entered, and qualification began in April 1988. A total of 22 teams qualified from this process, along with host nation Italy
Italy
and defending champion Argentina
Argentina
.

The tournament was won by West Germany , their third World Cup title. They beat Argentina
Argentina
1–0 in the final , a rematch of the previous final four years earlier. Italy
Italy
finished third, and England
England
fourth, after both lost their semi-finals in penalty shootouts . This was the last tournament to feature a team from the divided Germany, with the country being reunified later in 1990, as well as teams from the Eastern Bloc prior to the end of the Cold War in 1991, as the Soviet Union and Yugoslavian teams made appearances. Costa Rica
Costa Rica
, Ireland and the UAE made their first appearances in the finals, and Egypt
Egypt
its first since 1934. The official match ball was the Adidas Etrusco Unico .

The 1990 World Cup is widely regarded as one of the poorest World Cups. It generated an average 2.21 goals per game – a record low that still stands – and a then-record 16 red cards, including the first ever dismissal in a final. This World Cup saw the introduction of the pre-match Fair Play Flag (then inscribed with "Fair Play Please") to encourage fair play. Defensive tactics led to the introduction of the back-pass rule in 1992, and three points for a win instead of two at future World Cups.

Nonetheless, the 1990 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.69 million non-unique viewers over the course of the tournament. This was the first World Cup to be officially recorded and transmitted in HDTV by the Italian broadcaster RAI
RAI
in association with Japan's NHK
NHK
. At the time it was the most watched World Cup in history in non-unique viewers, but was bettered by the 1994 and 2002 World Cups .

CONTENTS

* 1 Host selection * 2 Qualification * 3 Venues * 4 Squads * 5 Match officials

* 6 Groups

* 6.1 Seedings * 6.2 Final draw

* 7 Tournament review

* 7.1 Negative tactics * 7.2 Emergence of Cameroon
Cameroon
* 7.3 All-champion final four

* 8 Results

* 8.1 Group stage

* 8.1.1 Group A * 8.1.2 Group B * 8.1.3 Group C * 8.1.4 Group D * 8.1.5 Group E * 8.1.6 Group F * 8.1.7 Ranking of third-placed teams

* 8.2 Knockout stage

* 8.2.1 Round of 16 * 8.2.2 Quarter-finals * 8.2.3 Semi-finals * 8.2.4 Third-place match * 8.2.5 Final

* 9 Goalscorers

* 10 Awards

* 10.1 All-star team

* 11 Final standings * 12 Statistics * 13 See also * 14 References and footnotes * 15 External links

HOST SELECTION

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts

The vote to choose the hosts of the 1990 tournament was held on 19 May 1984 in Zürich
Zürich
, Switzerland. Here, the FIFA
FIFA
Executive Committee chose Italy
Italy
ahead of the only rival bid, the USSR , by 11 votes to 5. This awarding made Italy
Italy
only the second nation to host two World Cup tournaments, after Mexico
Mexico
had also achieved this with their 1986 staging . Italy
Italy
had previously had the event in 1934 , where they had won their first championship.

Austria, England, France, Greece, West Germany and Yugoslavia also submitted initial applications for 31 July 1983 deadline. A month later, only England, Greece, Italy
Italy
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
remained in the hunt after the other contenders all withdrew. All four bids were assessed by FIFA
FIFA
in late 1983, with the final decision over-running into 1984 due to the volume of paperwork involved. In early 1984, England
England
and Greece also withdrew, leading to a two-horse race in the final vote. The Soviet boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games , announced on the eve of the World Cup decision, was speculated to have been a major factor behind Italy
Italy
winning the vote so decisively, although this was denied by the FIFA
FIFA
President João Havelange .

QUALIFICATION

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup qualification Countries qualified for World Cup Country failed to qualify Countries that did not enter World Cup Country not a FIFA
FIFA
member

116 teams entered the 1990 World Cup, including Italy
Italy
as host nation and Argentina
Argentina
as reigning World Cup champions, who were both granted automatic qualification. Thus, the remaining 22 finals places were divided among the continental confederations, with 114 initially entering the qualification competition. Due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 103 teams eventually participated in the qualifying stages.

Thirteen places were contested by UEFA
UEFA
teams (Europe), three by CONMEBOL teams (South America), two by CAF teams (Africa), two by AFC teams (Asia), and two by CONCACAF
CONCACAF
teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining place was decided by a play-off between a CONMEBOL team and a team from the OFC (Oceania).

Both Mexico
Mexico
and Chile
Chile
were disqualified during the qualification process; the former for fielding an overage player in a prior youth tournament, the latter after goalkeeper Roberto Rojas faked injury from a firework thrown from the stands, which caused the match to be abandoned. Chile
Chile
were also banned from the 1994 qualifiers for this offence.

Three teams qualified for the first time: Costa Rica
Costa Rica
, the Republic of Ireland and the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
.

Returning after long absences were Egypt, who appeared for the first time since 1934; the United States
United States
, who competed for the first time since 1950; Colombia, who appeared for the first time since 1962; and Romania, who last appeared at the Finals in 1970.

Among the teams who failed to qualify were France, Denmark, Poland and Hungary. As of 2014, this was the last time that Egypt
Egypt
and United Arab Emirates qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals.

VENUES

Twelve stadiums were selected to host the World Cup matches in twelve different cities. The Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
in Bari and Turin 's Stadio delle Alpi were completely new venues opened for the World Cup.

The remaining ten venues all underwent extensive programmes of improvements in preparation for the tournament, forcing many of the club tenants of the stadia to move to temporary homes. Additional seating and roofs were added to most stadia, with further redevelopments seeing running tracks removed and new pitches laid. Due to structural constraints, several of the existing stadia had to be virtually rebuilt to implement the changes required.

Like Espana '82, the group stage of this tournament was organized in such a way where specific groups only played in two cities close in proximity to each other. Group A only played in Rome
Rome
and Florence (Hosts Italy
Italy
played all their competitive matches in Rome, except for their semi-final match), Group B played their matches in Naples and Bari (except for Argentina
Argentina
vs. Cameroon, which was the opening match of the tournament, played in Milan), Group C played their matches in Turin and Genoa, Group D played all their matches in Milan
Milan
and Bologna, Group E played only in Udine
Udine
and Verona, and Group F played on the island cities of Cagliari
Cagliari
and Palermo. The cities that hosted the most World Cup matches were the 2 biggest cities in Italy: Rome and Milan, each hosting 6 matches, and Bari, Naples, and Turin each hosted 5 matches. Cagliari, Udine
Udine
and Palermo
Palermo
were the only cities of the 12 selected that did not host any knockout round matches.

The England
England
national team, at the British government's request, were forced to play all their matches in Cagliari. Hooliganism, rife in English football in the 1980s had followed the national team while they played friendlies on the European continent – the distrust of English fans was so high that the English FA's reputation and even diplomatic relations between the UK and Italy
Italy
were seen to be at risk if England
England
played any group stage matches on the Italian mainland. Thanks largely to British Sports Minister Peter Moniyhan's negative remarks about English fans weeks before the match, security around Cagliari
Cagliari
during England's three matches there was extremely heavy – in addition to 7,000 local police and Carabineri, highly trained Italian military special forces were also there patrolling the premises.

Most of the construction cost in excess of their original estimates, and total costs ended up being over £550 million (approximately $935 million). Rome's Stadio Olimpico which would host the final was the most expensive project overall, while Udine's Stadio Friuli
Stadio Friuli
, the newest of the existing stadia (opened 14 years prior), cost the least to redevelop.

ROME MILAN NAPLES TURIN

Stadio Olimpico San Siro
San Siro
Stadio San Paolo
Stadio San Paolo
Stadio delle Alpi

41°56′1.99″N 12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861 (Stadio Olimpico) 45°28′40.89″N 9°7′27.14″E / 45.4780250°N 9.1242056°E / 45.4780250; 9.1242056 (San Siro) 40°49′40.68″N 14°11′34.83″E / 40.8279667°N 14.1930083°E / 40.8279667; 14.1930083 (Stadio San Paolo) 45°06′34.42″N 7°38′28.54″E / 45.1095611°N 7.6412611°E / 45.1095611; 7.6412611 (Stadio delle Alpi)

Capacity: 84,800 Capacity: 83,407 Capacity: 83,311 Capacity: 71,362

BARI ROME MILAN NAPLES TURIN BARI VERONA FLORENCE CAGLIARI BOLOGNA UDINE PALERMO GENOA 1990 FIFA
FIFA
WORLD CUP (ITALY) VERONA

Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
Stadio Marc\'Antonio Bentegodi

41°5′5.05″N 16°50′24.26″E / 41.0847361°N 16.8400722°E / 41.0847361; 16.8400722 (Stadio San Nicola) 45°26′7.28″N 10°58′7.13″E / 45.4353556°N 10.9686472°E / 45.4353556; 10.9686472 (Stadio Marc\'Antonio Bentegodi)

Capacity: 58,270 Capacity: 43,216

FLORENCE CAGLIARI

Stadio Artemio Franchi
Stadio Artemio Franchi
Stadio Sant\'Elia

43°46′50.96″N 11°16′56.13″E / 43.7808222°N 11.2822583°E / 43.7808222; 11.2822583 (Stadio Artemio Franchi) 39°11′57.82″N 9°8′5.83″E / 39.1993944°N 9.1349528°E / 39.1993944; 9.1349528 (Stadio Sant\'Elia)

Capacity: 49,000 Capacity: 44,200

BOLOGNA UDINE PALERMO GENOA

Stadio Renato Dall\'Ara Stadio Friuli
Stadio Friuli
Stadio La Favorita Stadio Luigi Ferraris

44°29′32.33″N 11°18′34.80″E / 44.4923139°N 11.3096667°E / 44.4923139; 11.3096667 (Stadio Renato Dall\'Ara)

46°4′53.77″N 13°12′0.49″E / 46.0816028°N 13.2001361°E / 46.0816028; 13.2001361 (Stadio Friuli) 38°9′9.96″N 13°20′32.19″E / 38.1527667°N 13.3422750°E / 38.1527667; 13.3422750 (Stadio Renzo Barbera) 44°24′59.15″N 8°57′8.74″E / 44.4164306°N 8.9524278°E / 44.4164306; 8.9524278 (Stadio Luigi Ferraris)

Capacity: 41,200 Capacity: 42,311 Capacity: 40,632 Capacity: 44,800

SQUADS

For more details on this topic, see 1990 FIFA World Cup squads .

Squads for the 1990 World Cup consisted of 22 players, as for the previous tournament in 1986. Replacement of injured players was permitted during the tournament at FIFA's discretion. Two goalkeepers – Argentina's Ángel Comizzo and England's Dave Beasant – entered their respective squads during the tournament to replace injured players ( Nery Pumpido and David Seaman ).

MATCH OFFICIALS

41 match officials from 34 countries were assigned to the tournament to serve as referees and assistant referees. Officials in italics were only used as assistants during the tournament. Referees dressed only in traditional black jerseys for the final time at a World Cup (a red change shirt was used for two Group C games in which Scotland
Scotland
wore their navy blue shirts).

Africa

* Mohamed Hansal * Neji Jouini * Jean-Fidèle Diramba

Asia

* Jamal Al Sharif * Jassim Mandi * Shizuo Takada

Europe

* Luigi Agnolin * Emilio Soriano Aladrén * George Courtney * Pietro D\'Elia * Erik Fredriksson * Siegfried Kirschen
Siegfried Kirschen
* Helmut Kohl * Tullio Lanese * Michał Listkiewicz
Michał Listkiewicz
* Rosario Lo Bello * Carlo Longhi * Pierluigi Magni * Peter Mikkelsen * Pierluigi Pairetto * Zoran Petrović * Joël Quiniou * Kurt Röthlisberger * Aron Schmidhuber * Carlos Silva Valente * George Smith * Alan Snoddy * Alexey Spirin * Marcel Van Langenhove * Michel Vautrot

North and Central America

* Edgardo Codesal * Vincent Mauro * Berny Ulloa Morera

Oceania

* Richard Lorenc

South America

* Juan Daniel Cardellino * Armando Pérez Hoyos * Elías Jácome * Juan Carlos Loustau * Carlos Maciel * Hernán Silva * José Roberto Wright

GROUPS

SEEDINGS

The six seeded teams for the 1990 tournament were announced on 7 December 1989. The seeds were then allocated to the six groups in order of their seeding rank (1st seed to Group A, 2nd seed to Group B, etc.).

The seeds were decided by FIFA
FIFA
based on the nations' performance in, primarily, the 1986 World Cup with the 1982 World Cup also considered as a secondary influence. Six of the final eight in 1986 had qualified for the 1990 tournament. Italy
Italy
– who were seeded first as hosts – had not reached the final eight in 1986, and this left FIFA
FIFA
needing to exclude one of the three (qualified) nations who were eliminated in the 1986 quarter-finals: Brazil, England
England
or Spain.

Owing to their performance in 1982 but also to their overall World Cup record, Brazil
Brazil
were seeded third and not considered to drop out of the seedings. FIFA
FIFA
opted to seed England
England
ahead of Spain. Spain
Spain
had only been eliminated in 1986 on penalties, while England
England
had been defeated in 90 minutes; both countries had also reached the second stage in the 1982 event, playing in the same group in the second group stage with England
England
ending up ahead of Spain, but Spain
Spain
had also appeared in the 1978 event , while England
England
had failed to qualify. FIFA President João Havelange had reportedly earlier stated that Spain would be seeded.

Spanish officials believed the seeding was contrived to ensure England
England
would be placed in Group F, the group to be held off the Italian mainland, in a bid to contain England's hooliganism problems. Their coach Luis Suárez said, "We feel we've been cheated...they wanted to seed England
England
and to send it to Cagliari
Cagliari
at all costs. So they invented this formula". FIFA
FIFA
countered that "the formula was based on the teams' respective showings during the previous two World Cups. England
England
merited the sixth position. This is in no way a concession to English hooliganism".

SEEDS POT 1 POT 2 POT 3

Italy
Italy
(1st) Argentina
Argentina
(2nd) Brazil
Brazil
(3rd) West Germany (4th) Belgium
Belgium
(5th) England
England
(6th)

Cameroon
Cameroon
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Egypt
Egypt
South Korea
South Korea
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
United States
United States

Colombia
Colombia
Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
Republic of Ireland Romania
Romania
Sweden
Sweden
Uruguay
Uruguay

Austria
Austria
Netherlands
Netherlands
Scotland
Scotland
Spain
Spain
Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Yugoslavia

FINAL DRAW

Ciao, a stick figure in the colours of the Italy
Italy
Tricolore , was the mascot for the 1990 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup.

On 9 December 1989 the draw was conducted at the Palazzetto dello Sport in Rome, where the teams were drawn out from the three pots to be placed with the seeded teams in their predetermined groups. The only stipulation of the draw was that no group could feature two South American teams. The ceremony was hosted by Italian television presenter Pippo Baudo , with Italian actress Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
and opera singer Luciano Pavarotti conducting the draw alongside FIFA
FIFA
general secretary Sepp Blatter .

The draw show was FIFA's most ambitious yet with Pelé
Pelé
, Bobby Moore and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge appearing, as well as a performance of the Italian version of the tournament\'s official song "To Be Number One" by Giorgio Moroder, performed as "Un\'estate italiana " by Edoardo Bennato and Gianna Nannini
Gianna Nannini
.

The event also featured the official mascot of this World Cup, Ciao, a stick figure player with a football head and an Italian tricolor body that formed the word "ITALIA" when deconstructed and reconstructed. Its name is an Italian greeting.

TOURNAMENT REVIEW

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The finals tournament began in Italy
Italy
on 8 June and concluded on 8 July. The format of the 1990 competition remained the same as in 1986 : 24 qualified teams were divided into six groups of four. The top two teams and four best third-place finishers from the six groups advanced to the knockout stage, which eliminated the teams until a winner emerged. In total, 52 games were played.

NEGATIVE TACTICS

The tournament generated a record low goals-per-game average and a then-record of 16 red cards were handed out. In the knockout stage, many teams played defensively for 120 minutes, with the intention of trying their luck in the penalty shoot-out, rather than risk going forward. Two exceptions were the eventual champions West Germany and hosts Italy, the only teams to win three of their four knockout matches in normal time. There were four penalty shoot-outs, a record subsequently equalled in the 2006 and 2014 tournaments. Eight matches went to extra time, a record equalled in the 2014 tournament .

Ireland and Argentina
Argentina
were prime examples of this trend of cautious defensive play; the Irish scored just twice in five games in drawing all their matches until their defeat to Italy
Italy
in the quarter-finals. Losing finalists Argentina, meanwhile, scored only five goals in the entire tournament (a record low for a finalist). Argentina
Argentina
also became the first (and so far only) team to advance twice on penalty shoot-outs and the first team to fail to score and have a player sent off in a World Cup final.

Largely as a result of this trend FIFA
FIFA
introduced the back-pass rule in time for the 1994 tournament to make it harder for teams to time-waste by repeatedly passing the ball back for their goalkeepers to pick up. Three, rather than two points would be awarded for victories at future tournaments to help further encourage attacking play.

EMERGENCE OF CAMEROON

Cameroon
Cameroon
reached the quarter-finals, where they were narrowly defeated by England. They opened the tournament with a shock victory over reigning champions Argentina, before topping the group ahead of both them and European Championship runners-up the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. Their success was fired by the goals of Roger Milla , a 38-year-old forward who came out of international retirement to join the national squad at the last moment after a personal request from Cameroonian President Paul Biya . Milla's four goals and flamboyant goal celebrations made him one of the tournament's biggest stars as well as taking Cameroon
Cameroon
to the last eight. Most of Cameroon's squad was made up of players who played in France's premier football league, Ligue 1 - French is one of the officially spoken languages in Cameroon, it being a former French territory. In reaching this stage, they had gone further than any African nation had ever managed in a World Cup before; a feat only equalled twice since (by Senegal in 2002 and Ghana in 2010 ). Their success was African football's biggest yet on the world stage, and FIFA
FIFA
subsequently decided to allocate the CAF qualifying zone an additional place for the next World Cup tournament.

ALL-CHAMPION FINAL FOUR

Despite the performances of nations such as Cameroon, Colombia, Ireland and Costa Rica, the semi-finalists consisted of Argentina, England, Italy
Italy
and West Germany, all previous World Cup winners, with a total of eight previous titles between them. After the 1970 tournament , this is only the second time in the history of the World Cup this has occurred. The teams which finished first, second and third had also contested both the two previous World Cup Finals between themselves.

RESULTS

GROUP STAGE

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2 )

Champion Runner-up Third place Fourth place Quarter-finals Round of 16 Group stage

In the following tables:

* PLD = total games played * W = total games won * D = total games drawn (tied) * L = total games lost * GF = total goals scored (goals for) * GA = total goals conceded (goals against) * GD = goal difference (GF−GA) * PTS = total points accumulated

KEY TO COLOURS IN GROUP TABLES

Group winners, runners-up, and best four third-placed teams advance to the Round of 16

The Group stage saw the twenty-four teams divided into six groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of six games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16. The four best third-placed teams would also advance to the next stage.

If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:

* Greatest total goal difference in the three group matches * Greatest number of goals scored in the three group matches

* If teams remained level after those criteria, a mini-group would be formed from those teams, who would be ranked on:

* Most points earned in matches against other teams in the tie * Greatest goal difference in matches against other teams in the tie * Greatest number of goals scored in matches against other teams in the tie

* If teams remained level after all these criteria, FIFA
FIFA
would hold a drawing of lots

Group A

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup Group A

Hosts Italy
Italy
won Group A with a 100 percent record. They beat Austria 1–0 thanks to substitute Salvatore \'Totò\' Schillaci , who had played only one international before but would become a star during the tournament. A second 1–0 victory followed against a United States team already thumped 5–1 by Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
. The Czechoslovaks ended runners-up in the group, while the USA's first appearance in a World Cup Finals since 1950 ended with three consecutive defeats.

TEAM PLD W D L GF GA GD PTS

Italy
Italy
3 3 0 0 4 0 +4 6

Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 4

Austria
Austria
3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

United States
United States
3 0 0 3 2 8 −6 0

9 June 1990

Italy
Italy
1–0 Austria
Austria
Stadio Olimpico , Rome

10 June 1990

United States
United States
1–5 Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
Stadio Comunale , Florence
Florence

14 June 1990

Italy
Italy
1–0 United States
United States
Stadio Olimpico , Rome

15 June 1990

Austria
Austria
0–1 Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
Stadio Comunale , Florence
Florence

19 June 1990

Italy
Italy
2–0 Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
Stadio Olimpico , Rome

Austria
Austria
2–1 United States
United States
Stadio Comunale , Florence
Florence

Group B

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup Group B

Cameroon
Cameroon
defeated reigning champions Argentina
Argentina
. Despite ending the match with only nine men, the African team held on for a shock 1–0 win, with contrasting fortunes for the brothers Biyik: François Omam scoring the winning goal, shortly after seeing Andre Kana sent off for a serious foul. In their second game the introduction of Roger Milla was the catalyst for a 2–1 win over Romania
Romania
, Milla scoring twice from the bench (making him the oldest goalscorer in the tournament). With progression assured, Cameroon
Cameroon
slumped to a 4–0 defeat in their final group game to a Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(in what would be their last World Cup due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
) side striving to stay in the tournament on goal difference after successive 2–0 defeats. A 1–1 draw between Romania
Romania
and Argentina
Argentina
sent both through, the latter as one of the best third-placed teams.

TEAM PLD W D L GF GA GD PTS

Cameroon
Cameroon
3 2 0 1 3 5 −2 4

Romania
Romania
3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 3

Argentina
Argentina
3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3

Soviet Union
Soviet Union
3 1 0 2 4 4 0 2

8 June 1990

Argentina
Argentina
0–1 Cameroon
Cameroon
San Siro
San Siro
, Milan
Milan

9 June 1990

Soviet Union
Soviet Union
0–2 Romania
Romania
Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
, Bari

13 June 1990

Argentina
Argentina
2–0 Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Stadio San Paolo
Stadio San Paolo
, Naples

14 June 1990

Cameroon
Cameroon
2–1 Romania
Romania
Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
, Bari

18 June 1990

Argentina
Argentina
1–1 Romania
Romania
Stadio San Paolo
Stadio San Paolo
, Naples

Cameroon
Cameroon
0–4 Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
, Bari

Group C

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup Group C

Costa Rica
Costa Rica
beat Scotland
Scotland
1–0 in their first match, lost 1–0 to Brazil
Brazil
in their second, then saw off Sweden
Sweden
2–1 to claim a place in the second round. Brazil
Brazil
took maximum points from the group. They began with a 2–1 win over Sweden, then beat both Costa Rica
Costa Rica
and Scotland
Scotland
1–0. Scotland's 2–1 win over Sweden
Sweden
was not enough to save them from an early return home as one of the two lowest-ranked third-placed teams.

TEAM PLD W D L GF GA GD PTS

Brazil
Brazil
3 3 0 0 4 1 +3 6

Costa Rica
Costa Rica
3 2 0 1 3 2 +1 4

Scotland
Scotland
3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

Sweden
Sweden
3 0 0 3 3 6 −3 0

10 June 1990

Brazil
Brazil
2–1 Sweden
Sweden
Stadio delle Alpi , Turin

11 June 1990

Costa Rica
Costa Rica
1–0 Scotland
Scotland
Stadio Luigi Ferraris , Genoa

16 June 1990

Brazil
Brazil
1–0 Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Stadio delle Alpi , Turin

Sweden
Sweden
1–2 Scotland
Scotland
Stadio Luigi Ferraris , Genoa

20 June 1990

Brazil
Brazil
1–0 Scotland
Scotland
Stadio delle Alpi , Turin

Sweden
Sweden
1–2 Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Stadio Luigi Ferraris , Genoa

Group D

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup Group D

Group D featured the most goals of all the groups, most due to two large wins of West Germany and defensive inadequacies of a United Arab Emirates team that lost 2–0 to Colombia
Colombia
, 5–1 to West Germany and 4–1 to Yugoslavia . The West Germans topped the group after a 4–1 opening victory over group runners-up Yugoslavia.

TEAM PLD W D L GF GA GD PTS

West Germany 3 2 1 0 10 3 +7 5

Yugoslavia 3 2 0 1 6 5 +1 4

Colombia
Colombia
3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3

United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
3 0 0 3 2 11 −9 0

9 June 1990

United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
0–2 Colombia
Colombia
Stadio Renato Dall\'Ara , Bologna
Bologna

10 June 1990

West Germany 4–1 Yugoslavia San Siro
San Siro
, Milan
Milan

14 June 1990

Yugoslavia 1–0 Colombia
Colombia
Stadio Renato Dall\'Ara , Bologna
Bologna

15 June 1990

West Germany 5–1 United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
San Siro
San Siro
, Milan
Milan

19 June 1990

West Germany 1–1 Colombia
Colombia
San Siro
San Siro
, Milan
Milan

Yugoslavia 4–1 United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
Stadio Renato Dall\'Ara , Bologna
Bologna

Group E

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup Group E

The winners of Group E were Spain
Spain
, for whom Michel hit a hat-trick as they beat South Korea
South Korea
3–1 in an unbeaten group campaign. Belgium won their first two games against South Korea
South Korea
and Uruguay
Uruguay
to ensure their progress; Uruguay's advance to the second round came with an injury time winner against South Korea
South Korea
to edge them through as the weakest of the third-placed sides to remain in the tournament.

TEAM PLD W D L GF GA GD PTS

Spain
Spain
3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 5

Belgium
Belgium
3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 4

Uruguay
Uruguay
3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 3

South Korea
South Korea
3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0

12 June 1990

Belgium
Belgium
2–0 South Korea
South Korea
Stadio Marc\'Antonio Bentegodi , Verona
Verona

13 June 1990

Uruguay
Uruguay
0–0 Spain
Spain
Stadio Friuli
Stadio Friuli
, Udine
Udine

17 June 1990

Belgium
Belgium
3–1 Uruguay
Uruguay
Stadio Marc\'Antonio Bentegodi , Verona
Verona

South Korea
South Korea
1–3 Spain
Spain
Stadio Friuli
Stadio Friuli
, Udine
Udine

21 June 1990

Belgium
Belgium
1–2 Spain
Spain
Stadio Marc\'Antonio Bentegodi , Verona
Verona

South Korea
South Korea
0–1 Uruguay
Uruguay
Stadio Friuli
Stadio Friuli
, Udine
Udine

Group F

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup Group F

Group F, featured the Netherlands
Netherlands
, England
England
, the Republic of Ireland and Egypt
Egypt
. In the six group games, no team managed to score more than once in a match. England
England
beat Egypt
Egypt
1–0, thanks to a 58th-minute goal from Mark Wright – and that was enough to win the group.

TEAM PLD W D L GF GA GD PTS

England
England
3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 4

Republic of Ireland 3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3

Netherlands
Netherlands
3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3

Egypt
Egypt
3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2

The Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands
Netherlands
finished with identical records. With both teams assured of progressing, they were split by the drawing of lots to determine second and third place.

11 June 1990

England
England
1–1 Republic of Ireland Stadio Sant\'Elia , Cagliari
Cagliari

12 June 1990

Netherlands
Netherlands
1–1 Egypt
Egypt
Stadio La Favorita , Palermo
Palermo

16 June 1990

England
England
0–0 Netherlands
Netherlands
Stadio Sant\'Elia , Cagliari
Cagliari

17 June 1990

Republic of Ireland 0–0 Egypt
Egypt
Stadio La Favorita , Palermo
Palermo

21 June 1990

England
England
1–0 Egypt
Egypt
Stadio Sant\'Elia , Cagliari
Cagliari

Republic of Ireland 1–1 Netherlands
Netherlands
Stadio La Favorita , Palermo
Palermo

Ranking Of Third-placed Teams

GROUP TEAM PLD W D L GF GA GD PTS

B Argentina
Argentina
3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3

D Colombia
Colombia
3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3

F Netherlands
Netherlands
3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3

E Uruguay
Uruguay
3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 3

A Austria
Austria
3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

C Scotland
Scotland
3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

KNOCKOUT STAGE

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup knockout stage

The knockout stage involved the 16 teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time ; if scores were still level there would be a penalty shoot-out (at least five penalties each, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (aet), and penalty shoot outs are indicated by (p).

Round of 16

Quarter-finals

Semi-finals

Final

24 June – Turin

Brazil
Brazil
0

30 June – Florence
Florence

ARGENTINA 1

ARGENTINA (p ) 0 (3)

26 June – Verona
Verona

Yugoslavia 0 (2)

Spain
Spain
1

3 July – Naples

YUGOSLAVIA (aet ) 2

ARGENTINA (p ) 1 (4)

25 June – Genoa

Italy
Italy
1 (3)

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND (p ) 0 (5)

30 June – Rome
Rome

Romania
Romania
0 (4)

Republic of Ireland 0

25 June – Rome
Rome

ITALY 1

ITALY 2

8 July – Rome
Rome

Uruguay
Uruguay
0

Argentina
Argentina
0

23 June – Bari

WEST GERMANY 1

CZECHOSLOVAKIA 4

1 July – Milan
Milan

Costa Rica
Costa Rica
1

Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
0

24 June – Milan
Milan

WEST GERMANY 1

WEST GERMANY 2

4 July – Turin

Netherlands
Netherlands
1

WEST GERMANY (p ) 1 (4)

23 June – Naples

England
England
1 (3)

Third Place

CAMEROON (aet ) 2

1 July – Naples

7 July – Bari

Colombia
Colombia
1

Cameroon
Cameroon
2 ITALY 2

26 June – Bologna
Bologna

ENGLAND (aet ) 3

England
England
1

ENGLAND (aet ) 1

Belgium
Belgium
0

All times listed are local (UTC+2 )

Round Of 16

Two of the ties – Argentina
Argentina
vs Brazil
Brazil
and Italy
Italy
vs Uruguay
Uruguay
– pitted former champion countries against each other, and West Germany met the Netherlands
Netherlands
in a rematch of the 1974 World Cup Final .

The all-South American game was won for Argentina
Argentina
by a goal from Claudio Caniggia with 10 minutes remaining after a run through the Brazilian defence by Diego Maradona and an outstanding performance from their goalkeeper Sergio Goycochea
Sergio Goycochea
. It would later come to light that Branco had been offered water spiked with tranquillisers by Maradona and Ricardo Giusti during half time, to slow him down in the second half. Initially discredited by the press, Branco would be publicly proven right years later, when Maradona confessed the episode in a TV show in Argentina. As for Italy, a strong second half showing saw the hosts beat Uruguay
Uruguay
2–0, thanks to another goal from Schillaci and one from Aldo Serena .

The match between West Germany and the Netherlands
Netherlands
was held in Milan, and both sides featured several notable players from the two Milanese clubs (Germans Andreas Brehme , Lothar Matthäus and Jürgen Klinsmann for Internazionale , and Dutchmen Marco van Basten , Ruud Gullit and Frank Rijkaard for Milan
Milan
). After 22 minutes Rudi Völler and Rijkaard were both dismissed after a number of incidents (including Rijkaard spitting on Völler) between the two players left the Argentine referee with no option but to send them both off. As the players walked off the pitch together, Rijkaard spat on Völler a second time. Early in the second half, Jürgen Klinsmann put the West Germans ahead and Andreas Brehme added a second with eight minutes left. A Ronald Koeman penalty for the Netherlands
Netherlands
in the 89th minute narrowed the score to 2–1 but the Germans saw the game out to gain some revenge for their exit to the Dutch in the previous European Championship .

Meanwhile, the heroics of Cameroon
Cameroon
and Roger Milla continued in their game with Colombia. Milla was introduced as a second-half substitute with the game goalless, eventually breaking the deadlock midway in extra time. Three minutes later he netted a second after Colombian goalkeeper, René Higuita was dispossessed by Milla while well out of his goal, leaving the striker free to slot the ball into the empty net. Though the deficit was soon reduced to 2–1, Cameroon
Cameroon
held on to become the first African team ever to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. Costa Rica
Costa Rica
were comfortably beaten 4–1 by Czechoslovakia, for whom Tomáš Skuhravý scored the tournament's second and final hat-trick .

The Republic of Ireland's match with Romania
Romania
remained goalless after extra time, and the Irish side won 5–4 on penalties. David O\'Leary converted the penalty that clinched Ireland's place in the quarter-finals. Ireland thus became the first team since Sweden
Sweden
in 1938 to reach the last eight in a World Cup finals tournament without winning a match outright. Yugoslavia beat Spain
Spain
2–1 after extra time, with Dragan Stojković scoring both the Yugoslavs' goals. England
England
were the final qualifier against Belgium, as midfielder David Platt 's swivelling volley broke the stalemate with the game moments away from a penalty shoot-out.

Cameroon
Cameroon
v Colombia
Colombia

23 June 1990 17:00

CAMEROON 2–1 (A.E.T. ) COLOMBIA

Milla 106', 109' Report Redín 115'

Stadio San Paolo
Stadio San Paolo
, Naples Attendance: 50,026 Referee: Tullio Lanese ( Italy
Italy
)

-------------------------

Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
v Costa Rica
Costa Rica

23 June 1990 21:00

CZECHOSLOVAKIA 4–1 COSTA RICA

Skuhravý 12', 63', 82' Kubík 75' Report González 54'

Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
, Bari Attendance: 47,673 Referee: Siegfried Kirschen
Siegfried Kirschen
( East Germany )

-------------------------

Brazil
Brazil
v Argentina
Argentina

24 June 1990 17:00

BRAZIL 0–1 ARGENTINA

Report Caniggia 80'

Stadio delle Alpi , Turin Attendance: 61,381 Referee: Joël Quiniou ( France
France
)

-------------------------

West Germany v Netherlands
Netherlands

24 June 1990 21:00

WEST GERMANY 2–1 NETHERLANDS

Klinsmann 51' Brehme 82' Report R. Koeman 89' (pen. )

San Siro
San Siro
, Milan
Milan
Attendance: 74,559 Referee: Juan Carlos Loustau ( Argentina
Argentina
)

-------------------------

Republic of Ireland v Romania
Romania

25 June 1990 17:00

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND 0–0 (A.E.T. ) ROMANIA

Report

PENALTIES

Sheedy Houghton Townsend Cascarino O\'Leary 5–4 Hagi Lupu Rotariu Lupescu Timofte

Stadio Luigi Ferraris , Genoa Attendance: 31,818 Referee: José Roberto Wright ( Brazil
Brazil
)

-------------------------

Italy
Italy
v Uruguay
Uruguay

25 June 1990 21:00

ITALY 2–0 URUGUAY

Schillaci 65' Serena 83' Report

Stadio Olimpico , Rome
Rome
Attendance: 73,303 Referee: George Courtney ( England
England
)

-------------------------

Spain
Spain
v Yugoslavia

26 June 1990 17:00

SPAIN 1–2 (A.E.T. ) YUGOSLAVIA

Salinas 83' Report Stojković 78', 92'

Stadio Marc\'Antonio Bentegodi , Verona
Verona
Attendance: 35,500 Referee: Aron Schmidhuber ( West Germany )

-------------------------

England
England
v Belgium
Belgium

26 June 1990 21:00

ENGLAND 1–0 (A.E.T. ) BELGIUM

Platt 119' Report

Stadio Renato Dall\'Ara , Bologna
Bologna
Attendance: 34,520 Referee: Peter Mikkelsen ( Denmark
Denmark
)

Quarter-finals

The first game of the last 8 saw Argentina
Argentina
and a Yugoslav side, reduced to 10 men after only half an hour, play out a goalless stalemate. The holders reached the semi-finals after winning the penalty shoot-out 3–2, despite Maradona having his penalty saved. A second Argentine miss (by Pedro Troglio ) looked to have eliminated them until goalkeeper Sergio Goycochea
Sergio Goycochea
– playing because first choice Nery Pumpido broke his leg during the group stage – rescued his side by stopping the Yugoslavs' final two spotkicks.

The Republic of Ireland's World Cup run was brought to an end by a single goal from Schillaci in the first half of their quarter-final with hosts Italy. West Germany beat Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
with a 25th minute Lothar Matthäus penalty.

The quarter-final between England
England
and Cameroon
Cameroon
was the only quarter-final to produce more than one goal. Despite Cameroon's heroics earlier in the tournament, David Platt put England
England
ahead in the 25th minute. At half-time, Milla was brought on. In the second half, the game was turned on its head during a five-minute stretch: first Cameroon
Cameroon
were awarded a penalty from which Emmanuel Kunde scored the equaliser; then in the 65th minute Eugene Ekeke put Cameroon ahead. Cameroon
Cameroon
came within eight minutes of reaching the semi-finals before then they conceded a penalty, which Gary Lineker converted. Midway through extra time, England
England
were awarded another penalty, and Lineker again scored from the spot. England
England
were through to the semi-finals for the first time since the days of Bobby Charlton
Bobby Charlton
24 years ago.

Argentina
Argentina
v Yugoslavia

30 June 1990 17:00

ARGENTINA 0–0 (A.E.T. ) YUGOSLAVIA

Report

PENALTIES

Serrizuela Burruchaga Maradona Troglio Dezotti 3–2 Stojković Prosinečki Savićević Brnović Hadžibegić

Stadio Comunale , Florence
Florence
Attendance: 38,971 Referee: Kurt Röthlisberger ( Switzerland
Switzerland
)

-------------------------

Republic of Ireland v Italy
Italy

30 June 1990 21:00

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND 0–1 ITALY

Report Schillaci 38'

Stadio Olimpico , Rome
Rome
Attendance: 73,303 Referee: Carlos Silva Valente ( Portugal
Portugal
)

-------------------------

Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
v West Germany

1 July 1990 17:00

CZECHOSLOVAKIA 0–1 WEST GERMANY

Report Matthäus 25' (pen. )

San Siro
San Siro
, Milan
Milan
Attendance: 73,347 Referee: Helmut Kohl ( Austria
Austria
)

-------------------------

Cameroon
Cameroon
v England
England

1 July 1990 21:00

CAMEROON 2–3 (A.E.T. ) ENGLAND

Kundé 61' (pen. ) Ekéké 65' Report Platt 25' Lineker 83' (pen. ), 105' (pen. )

Stadio San Paolo
Stadio San Paolo
, Naples Attendance: 55,205 Referee: Edgardo Codesal ( Mexico
Mexico
)

Semi-finals

The first semi-final featured the host nation, Italy, and the world champion, Argentina
Argentina
in Naples. 'Toto' Schillaci scored yet again to put Italy
Italy
ahead in the 17th minute, but Claudio Caniggia equalised midway through the second half, breaking Walter Zenga 's clean sheet streak throughout the tournament. There were no more goals in the 90 minutes or in extra time despite Maradona (who played for Naples in Serie A at the time) showing glimpses of magic, but there was a sending-off: Ricardo Giusti of Argentina
Argentina
was shown the red card in the 13th minute of extra time. Argentina
Argentina
went through on penalties, winning the shoot-out 4–3 after more heroics from Goycochea.

The semi-final between West Germany and England
England
at Juventus
Juventus
's home stadium in Turin was goalless at half-time. Then, in the 60th minute, a shot from Andreas Brehme was deflected by Paul Parker into his own net. England
England
equalised with ten minutes left; Gary Lineker was the scorer. The game ended 1–1. Extra time yielded more chances. Klinsmann was guilty of two glaring misses, and both sides struck a post. England
England
had another Platt goal disallowed for offside. The match went to penalties, and West Germany went on to win the shoot-out 4–3.

Argentina
Argentina
v Italy
Italy

3 July 1990 20:00

ARGENTINA 1–1 (A.E.T. ) ITALY

Caniggia 67' Report Schillaci 17'

PENALTIES

Serrizuela Burruchaga Olarticoechea Maradona 4–3 Baresi Baggio De Agostini Donadoni Serena

Stadio San Paolo
Stadio San Paolo
, Naples Attendance: 59,978 Referee: Michel Vautrot ( France
France
)

-------------------------

West Germany v England
England

4 July 1990 20:00

WEST GERMANY 1–1 (A.E.T. ) ENGLAND

Brehme 60' Report Lineker 80'

PENALTIES

Brehme Matthäus Riedle Thon 4–3 Lineker Beardsley Platt Pearce Waddle

Stadio delle Alpi , Turin Attendance: 62,628 Referee: José Roberto Wright ( Brazil
Brazil
)

Third-place Match

The game saw three goals in a 15-minute spell. Roberto Baggio opened the scoring after a rare mistake by England's goalkeeper Peter Shilton, in his final game before international retirement, presented a simple opportunity. A header by David Platt levelled the game 10 minutes later but Schillaci was fouled in the penalty area five minutes later, leading to a penalty. Schillaci himself got up to convert the kick to win him the tournament's Golden Boot for his six-goal tally. Nicola Berti had a goal ruled out minutes later, but the hosts claimed third place. England
England
had the consolation prize of the Fair Play award, having received no red cards and the lowest average number of yellows per match.

Italy
Italy
v England
England

7 July 1990 20:00

ITALY 2–1 ENGLAND

Baggio 71' Schillaci 86' (pen. ) Report Platt 81'

Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
, Bari Attendance: 51,426 Referee: Joël Quiniou ( France
France
)

Final

Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup Final

The final between West Germany and Argentina
Argentina
has been cited as the most cynical and lowest-quality of all World Cup Finals. In the 65th minute, Argentina's Pedro Monzon was sent off for a foul on Jürgen Klinsmann , the first player ever to be sent off in a World Cup Final.

Argentina, weakened by suspension and injury, offered little attacking threat throughout a contest dominated by the West Germans, who struggled to create many clear goalscoring opportunities. The only goal of the contest arrived in the 85th minute when Mexican referee Edgardo Codesal awarded a penalty to West Germany, after a foul on Rudi Völler by Roberto Sensini . Andreas Brehme , who later said there was no foul, converted the spot kick to settle the contest. In the closing moments, Argentina
Argentina
were reduced to nine after Gustavo Dezotti received a red card when he hauled Jürgen Kohler to the ground during a stoppage in play. The 1–0 scoreline provided another first: Argentina
Argentina
were the first team to fail to score in a World Cup Final.

With its third title (and three second-place finishes) West Germany – in its final tournament before national reunification – became the most successful World Cup nation at the time. West German manager Franz Beckenbauer became the only man to both captain (in 1974 ) and manage a World Cup winning team, and only the second man (after Mário Zagallo of Brazil) to win the World Cup as a player and as team manager. It was also the first time a team from UEFA
UEFA
won the final against a non-European team.

West Germany v Argentina
Argentina

8 July 1990 20:00

WEST GERMANY 1–0 ARGENTINA

Brehme 85' (pen. ) Report

Stadio Olimpico , Rome
Rome
Attendance: 73,603 Referee: Edgardo Codesal ( Mexico
Mexico
)

GOALSCORERS

Salvatore Schillaci received the Golden Boot award for scoring six goals in the World Cup. This made him the second Italian footballer to have this honour, after Paolo Rossi won the award in 1982 . In total, 115 goals were scored by 75 different players (none credited as own goals ). 6 goals

* Salvatore Schillaci

5 goals

* Tomáš Skuhravý

4 goals

* Roger Milla * Gary Lineker * Míchel * Lothar Matthäus

3 goals

* David Platt * Andreas Brehme * Jürgen Klinsmann * Rudi Völler

2 goals

* Claudio Caniggia * Careca * Müller * Bernardo Redín

* Michal Bílek * Roberto Baggio * Gabi Balint * Marius Lăcătuș

* Davor Jozić * Darko Pančev * Dragan Stojković

1 goal

* Andreas Ogris * Gerhard Rodax * Jorge Burruchaga * Pedro Monzón * Pedro Troglio * Jan Ceulemans * Lei Clijsters * Michel De Wolf * Marc Degryse * Enzo Scifo * Patrick Vervoort * Eugène Ekéké * Emmanuel Kundé * François Omam-Biyik * Freddy Rincón * Carlos Valderrama
Carlos Valderrama
* Juan Cayasso * Róger Flores

* Rónald González * Hernán Medford * Ivan Hašek * Luboš Kubík * Milan
Milan
Luhový * Magdi Abdelghani * Mark Wright * Giuseppe Giannini * Aldo Serena * Ruud Gullit * Wim Kieft * Ronald Koeman * Niall Quinn * Kevin Sheedy * Mo Johnston * Stuart McCall * Hwangbo Kwan * Igor Dobrovolski

* Oleh Protasov * Oleksandr Zavarov * Andrei Zygmantovich * Alberto Górriz * Julio Salinas * Tomas Brolin * Johnny Ekström * Glenn Strömberg * Khalid Ismaïl * Ali Thani Jumaa * Paul Caligiuri * Bruce Murray * Pablo Bengoechea * Daniel Fonseca * Uwe Bein * Pierre Littbarski * Robert Prosinečki * Safet Sušić

AWARDS

GOLDEN BOOT WINNER GOLDEN BALL WINNER BEST YOUNG PLAYER FIFA
FIFA
FAIR PLAY TROPHY

Salvatore Schillaci Salvatore Schillaci Robert Prosinečki England
England

ALL-STAR TEAM

GOALKEEPER DEFENDERS MIDFIELDERS FORWARDS

* Sergio Goycochea
Sergio Goycochea
* Luis Gabelo Conejo

* Andreas Brehme * Paolo Maldini * Franco Baresi

* Diego Maradona * Lothar Matthäus * Dragan Stojković * Paul Gascoigne
Paul Gascoigne

* Salvatore Schillaci * Roger Milla * Jürgen Klinsmann

FINAL STANDINGS

After the tournament, FIFA
FIFA
published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1990 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.

R TEAM G P W D L GF GA GD PTS.

1 West Germany D 7 5 2 0 15 5 +10 12

2 Argentina
Argentina
B 7 2 3 2 5 4 +1 7

3 Italy
Italy
A 7 6 1 0 10 2 +8 13

4 England
England
F 7 3 3 1 8 6 +2 9

ELIMINATED IN THE QUARTER-FINALS

5 Yugoslavia D 5 3 1 1 8 6 +2 7

6 Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
A 5 3 0 2 10 5 +5 6

7 Cameroon
Cameroon
B 5 3 0 2 7 9 -2 6

8 Republic of Ireland F 5 0 4 1 2 3 −1 4

ELIMINATED IN THE ROUND OF 16

9 Brazil
Brazil
C 4 3 0 1 4 2 +2 6

10 Spain
Spain
E 4 2 1 1 6 4 +2 5

11 Belgium
Belgium
E 4 2 0 2 6 4 +2 4

12 Romania
Romania
B 4 1 2 1 4 3 +1 4

13 Costa Rica
Costa Rica
C 4 2 0 2 4 6 −2 4

14 Colombia
Colombia
D 4 1 1 2 4 4 0 3

15 Netherlands
Netherlands
F 4 0 3 1 3 4 −1 3

16 Uruguay
Uruguay
E 4 1 1 2 2 5 −3 3

ELIMINATED IN THE GROUP STAGE

17 Soviet Union
Soviet Union
B 3 1 0 2 4 4 0 2

18 Austria
Austria
A 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

Scotland
Scotland
C 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

20 Egypt
Egypt
F 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2

21 Sweden
Sweden
C 3 0 0 3 3 6 −3 0

22 South Korea
South Korea
E 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0

23 United States
United States
A 3 0 0 3 2 8 −6 0

24 United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
D 3 0 0 3 2 11 −9 0

STATISTICS

* Most wins: ITALY (6) * Most defeats: SOUTH KOREA , SWEDEN , UAE , UNITED STATES (3) * First goal: FRANçOIS OMAM BIYIK (for Cameroon
Cameroon
vs Argentina
Argentina
; Group B, 8 June) * Fastest goal in a match: 3 MINUTES 59 SECONDS – Safet Sušić (for Yugoslavia vs UAE ; Group D, 19 June) * Latest goal scored in a match (apart from penalty shoot-outs): 119 MINUTES – David Platt (for England
England
vs Belgium
Belgium
; Round of 16, 16 June) * Biggest win: 5–1 – by Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
vs United States
United States
, and by West Germany vs UAE * Most goals in the tournament (team): WEST GERMANY (15) * Most goals in the tournament (player): SALVATORE SCHILLACI (Italy ) (6) * Least goals in the tournament (team): EGYPT and SOUTH KOREA (1) * Most goals in a game: 6 ( United States
United States
1 Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
5 ; West Germany
Germany
5 UAE 1 ) * Most goals in a game (player): 3, by MíCHEL (for Spain
Spain
vs South Korea ) and TOMáš SKUHRAVý (for Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
vs Costa Rica
Costa Rica
) * Fewest goals conceded: BRAZIL , EGYPT and ITALY (2) * Total goals scored: 115 (average 2.21 goals per game, a record low in World Cup history) * Most clean sheets: ITALY (5) * Number of penalties awarded: 18 (13 scored, 5 missed) * Most yellow cards in a game: 9 – AUSTRIA VS UNITED STATES (Group A, 19 June) * Most yellow cards in the tournament: ARGENTINA (22) * Total yellow cards: 162 * Most red cards in the tournament: ARGENTINA (3) * Total red cards: 16 (a record high for a 24 team World Cup) * Highest attendance: 74,765 – WEST GERMANY VS YUGOSLAVIA (Group D, 10 June) * Lowest attendance: 27,833 – YUGOSLAVIA VS UAE (Group D, 19 June) * Average attendance: 48,391 (5th highest in World Cup history) * Oldest player: PETER SHILTON ( England
England
) (40 years 292 days) * Youngest player: RóNALD GONZáLEZ BRENES ( Costa Rica
Costa Rica
) (19 years 307 days) * Italy's performance of 6 wins, 1 draw and 0 losses is the highest ever winning percentage for a team that did not win the World Cup. * The Republic of Ireland became the second team in World Cup history to reach the last eight without winning a match (Sweden progressed to the last eight by default in 1938 when Austria withdrew).

SEE ALSO

* Sir Bobby Robson Trophy match , a 2009 replay of the 1990 England Germany
Germany
semi-final in honour of the England
England
manager Bobby Robson

REFERENCES AND FOOTNOTES

* ^ A B " Italy
Italy
1990". BBC Sport . 17 April 2002. Retrieved 11 August 2010. * ^ A B "World Cup 1990". ESPN Soccernet. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2010. * ^ Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. Faber. ISBN 0-571-22944-1 . * ^ Freddi, Cris (2006). Complete Book of the World Cup. HarperSport. ISBN 978-0-00-722916-1 . * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
World Cup™ Record – Organisation". Retrieved 14 June 2012. * ^ "World Cup and Television" (PDF). FIFA
FIFA
. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007. * ^ "L\'Alta Definizione a Torino 1986 – 2006 di Marzio Barbero e Natasha Shpuza". Crit.rai.it. Retrieved 23 May 2012. * ^ "The FIFA World Cup TV viewing figures" (PDF). FIFA
FIFA
. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 November 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2007. * ^ A B " Italy
Italy
gain vote over Soviet rival". The Times. London. 21 May 1984. p. 21. * ^ "Sports in brief". The Times. London. 3 August 1983. p. 17. * ^ "Sports in brief". The Times. London. 2 September 1983. p. 20. * ^ "World Cup formats". The Times. London. 12 November 1983. p. 18. * ^ " Romania
Romania
could join the boycott". The Times. London. 22 May 1984. p. 30. * ^ " Mexico
Mexico
given ban in soccer". The New York Times. Associated Press. 1 July 1988. Retrieved 23 October 2014. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L "WM 1990 Sonderheft". Kicker (in German). May–June 1990. p. 185. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L "World Cup '90: The Complete Collection". Orbis. * ^ A B C " England
England
Is Seeded Sixth in 1990 World Cup in Italy". New York Times. 8 December 1989. Retrieved 11 August 2010. * ^ "Cup seedings revealed". New York Times . 30 November 1989. Retrieved 11 August 2010. * ^ A B C D "The Times guide to the draw for the World Cup finals". The Times. London. 9 December 1989. p. 51. * ^ Gardner, Paul (10 December 1989). "U.S. must face Italy
Italy
in cup". New York Times . Retrieved 11 August 2010. * ^ "The FIFA World Cup Final Draw history" (PDF). FIFA. Retrieved 11 August 2010. * ^ "Mascots". FIFA. Retrieved 24 April 2015. * ^ "Como Maradona "envenenou" Branco na Copa de 90". UOL. Retrieved 6 May 2014. * ^ " England
England
v West Germany at Italia \'90 – as it happened". Guardian. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014. * ^ Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. Faber. p. 303. ISBN 0-571-22944-1 . * ^ Vecsey, George (9 July 1990). "Winning Ugly, Losing Ugly, Just Plain Ugly". New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2010. * ^ "A poor display bare of class". The Times. London. 9 July 1990.

* ^ FIFA World Cup History, 1990, worldcupbrazil.net website * ^ "All-time FIFA World Cup Ranking 1930–2010" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de Football Association . Retrieved 30 January 2013. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
World Cup: Milestones, facts ">(PDF). FIFA
FIFA
. 26 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. * ^ Figure does not include shoot-outs; penalties were missed during games by: Michal Bílek ( Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
v USA ), Rubén Sosa ( Uruguay
Uruguay
v Spain
Spain
), Faruk Hadžibegić (Yugoslavia v Colombia
Colombia
), Gianluca Vialli ( Italy
Italy
v USA ) and Enzo Scifo ( Belgium
Belgium
v Spain
Spain
) * ^ Figure does not include second yellow cards that led to a red card * ^ Argentina
Argentina
defeated Italy
Italy
in the semi-finals by a penalty shoot-out which, by FIFA
FIFA
regulations counts as a draw for statistical reasons.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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FIFA
WORLD CUP 1990 .

* 1990 FIFA World Cup Italy
Italy
™, FIFA.com * Details at RSSSF * FIFA
FIFA
Technical Report (Part 1), (Part 2), (Part 3), (Part 4), (Part 5) and (Part 6) * Planet World Cup – Italy
Italy
1990

* v * t * e

1990 FIFA World Cup

STAGES

* Group stage

* Group A * Group B * Group C * Group D * Group E * Group F

* Knockout stage * Final

GENERAL INFORMATION

* Qualification * Squads * Matches * Discipline

* v * t * e

1990 FIFA World Cup finalists

CHAMPIONS

* WEST GERMANY

RUNNERS-UP

* Argentina
Argentina