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The 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
was the 14th FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 8 June to 8 July 1990 in Italy, the second country to host the event twice (the first being Mexico
Mexico
in 1986). Teams representing 116 national football associations entered, and qualification began in April 1988. A total of 22 teams qualified from this process, along with host nation Italy
Italy
and defending champion Argentina. The tournament was won by West Germany, their third World Cup title. They beat Argentina
Argentina
1–0 at the Stadio Olimpico
Stadio Olimpico
in Rome, a rematch of the previous final four years earlier. Italy
Italy
finished third, and England
England
fourth, after both lost their semi-finals in penalty shootouts. This was the last tournament to feature a team from the divided Germany, with the country being reunified later in 1990, as well as teams from the Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
prior to the end of the Cold War in 1991, as the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and Yugoslavia teams made appearances. Costa Rica, Ireland and the UAE made their first appearances in the finals. The official match ball was the Adidas Etrusco Unico. The 1990 World Cup is widely regarded as one of the poorest World Cups.[1][2][3][4] It generated an average 2.21 goals per game – a record low that still stands[5] – and a then-record 16 red cards, including the first ever dismissal in a final. This World Cup saw the introduction of the pre-match Fair Play Flag (then inscribed with "Fair Play Please") to encourage fair play. Defensive tactics led to the introduction of the back-pass rule in 1992, and three points for a win instead of two at future World Cups. Nonetheless, the 1990 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.69 billion non-unique viewers over the course of the tournament.[6] This was the first World Cup to be officially recorded and transmitted in HDTV by the Italian broadcaster RAI
RAI
in association with Japan's NHK.[7] At the time it was the most watched World Cup in history in non-unique viewers, but was bettered by the 1994 and 2002 World Cups.[8]

Contents

1 Host selection 2 Qualification

2.1 List of qualified teams

3 Venues 4 Squads 5 Match officials 6 Groups

6.1 Seedings 6.2 Final draw

7 Tournament review

7.1 Negative tactics 7.2 Emergence of Cameroon 7.3 All-champion final four

8 Results

8.1 Group stage

8.1.1 Group A 8.1.2 Group B 8.1.3 Group C 8.1.4 Group D 8.1.5 Group E 8.1.6 Group F 8.1.7 Ranking of third-placed teams

8.2 Knockout stage

8.2.1 Round of 16 8.2.2 Quarter-finals 8.2.3 Semi-finals 8.2.4 Third-place match 8.2.5 Final

9 Goalscorers 10 Awards

10.1 All-star team

11 Final standings 12 Statistics 13 See also 14 References and footnotes 15 External links

Host selection[edit] Main article: FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
hosts The vote to choose the hosts of the 1990 tournament was held on 19 May 1984 in Zürich, Switzerland. Here, the FIFA
FIFA
Executive Committee chose Italy
Italy
ahead of the only rival bid, the USSR, by 11 votes to 5.[9] This awarding made Italy
Italy
only the second nation to host two World Cup tournaments, after Mexico
Mexico
had also achieved this with their 1986 staging. Italy
Italy
had previously had the event in 1934, where they had won their first championship. Austria, England, France, Greece, West Germany
West Germany
and Yugoslavia also submitted initial applications for 31 July 1983 deadline.[10] A month later, only England, Greece, Italy
Italy
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
remained in the hunt after the other contenders all withdrew.[11] All four bids were assessed by FIFA
FIFA
in late 1983, with the final decision over-running into 1984 due to the volume of paperwork involved.[12] In early 1984, England
England
and Greece also withdrew, leading to a two-horse race in the final vote. The Soviet boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games, announced on the eve of the World Cup decision, was speculated to have been a major factor behind Italy
Italy
winning the vote so decisively,[13] although this was denied by the FIFA
FIFA
President João Havelange.[9] Qualification[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
qualification 116 teams entered the 1990 World Cup, including Italy
Italy
as host nation and Argentina
Argentina
as reigning World Cup champions, who were both granted automatic qualification. Thus, the remaining 22 finals places were divided among the continental confederations, with 114 initially entering the qualification competition. Due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 103 teams eventually participated in the qualifying stages. Thirteen places were contested by UEFA
UEFA
teams (Europe), two by CONMEBOL teams (South America), two by CAF teams (Africa), two by AFC teams (Asia), and two by CONCACAF
CONCACAF
teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining place was decided by a play-off between a CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
team and a team from the OFC (Oceania). Both Mexico
Mexico
and Chile
Chile
were disqualified during the qualification process; the former for fielding an overage player in a prior youth tournament,[14] the latter after goalkeeper Roberto Rojas
Roberto Rojas
faked injury from a firework thrown from the stands, which caused the match to be abandoned. Chile
Chile
were also banned from the 1994 qualifiers for this offence. Three teams qualified for the first time: Costa Rica, the Republic of Ireland and the United Arab Emirates. Returning after long absences were Egypt, who appeared for the first time since 1934; the United States, who competed for the first time since 1950; Colombia, who appeared for the first time since 1962; and Romania, who last appeared at the Finals in 1970. Among the teams who failed to qualify were France, Denmark, Poland
Poland
and Hungary. As of 2018, this was the last time that United Arab Emirates qualified for a FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
finals. List of qualified teams[edit] The following 24 teams qualified for the final tournament.

AFC (2)

 South Korea   United Arab Emirates 

CAF (2)

 Egypt   Cameroon 

OFC (0)

None qualified

CONCACAF
CONCACAF
(2)

 Costa Rica   United States 

CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
(4)

 Argentina   Brazil   Colombia   Uruguay 

UEFA
UEFA
(14)

 Austria   Belgium   Czechoslovakia   England   Italy (hosts)  Netherlands   Republic of Ireland   Romania   Scotland   Soviet Union   Spain   Sweden   West Germany   Yugoslavia 

  Countries qualified for World Cup   Country failed to qualify   Countries that did not enter the World Cup or were expelled from the tournament by FIFA
FIFA
prior to playing a match   Country not a FIFA
FIFA
member

Venues[edit] Twelve stadiums were selected to host the World Cup matches in twelve different cities. The Stadio San Nicola
Stadio San Nicola
in Bari
Bari
and Turin's Stadio delle Alpi were completely new venues opened for the World Cup. The remaining ten venues all underwent extensive programmes of improvements in preparation for the tournament, forcing many of the club tenants of the stadia to move to temporary homes. Additional seating and roofs were added to most stadia, with further redevelopments seeing running tracks removed and new pitches laid. Due to structural constraints, several of the existing stadia had to be virtually rebuilt to implement the changes required. Like Espana '82, the group stage of this tournament was organized in such a way where specific groups only played in two cities close in proximity to each other. Group A only played in Rome
Rome
and Florence (Hosts Italy
Italy
played all their competitive matches in Rome, except for their semi-final and third place matches, which were played in Naples and Bari, respectively), Group B played their matches in Naples
Naples
and Bari
Bari
(except for Argentina
Argentina
vs. Cameroon, which was the opening match of the tournament, played in Milan), Group C played their matches in Turin
Turin
and Genoa, Group D played all their matches in Milan
Milan
and Bologna, Group E played only in Udine
Udine
and Verona, and Group F played on the island cities of Cagliari
Cagliari
and Palermo. The cities that hosted the most World Cup matches were the 2 biggest cities in Italy: Rome and Milan, each hosting 6 matches, and Bari, Naples, and Turin
Turin
each hosted 5 matches. Cagliari, Udine
Udine
and Palermo
Palermo
were the only cities of the 12 selected that did not host any knockout round matches. Also, like Spain
Spain
in 1982 meant that matches would be played in Italy's intense summer heat; some matches started at 17:00 local time and the temperatures were often in the high 80's to low 90's F (30-34 C); and other matches were started at 21:00 local time; where temperatures had gone down a bit. The England
England
national team, at the British government's request, were forced to play all their matches in Cagliari
Cagliari
on the island of Sardinia. Hooliganism, rife in English football in the 1980s, had followed the national team while they played friendlies on the European continent – the distrust of English fans was so high that the English FA's reputation and even diplomatic relations between the UK and Italy
Italy
were seen to be at risk if England
England
played any group stage matches on the Italian mainland. Thanks largely to British Sports Minister Colin Moynihan's negative remarks about English fans weeks before the match, security around Cagliari
Cagliari
during England's three matches there was extremely heavy – in addition to 7,000 local police and Carabineri, highly trained Italian military special forces were also there patrolling the premises. The Italian authorities' heavy presence proved to be justified as there were several riots during the time England
England
were playing their matches in Cagliari, leading to a number of injuries, arrests and even deportations.[15][16] Most of the construction cost in excess of their original estimates, and total costs ended up being over £550 million (approximately $935 million). Rome's Stadio Olimpico
Stadio Olimpico
which would host the final was the most expensive project overall, while Udine's Stadio Friuli, the newest of the existing stadia (opened 14 years prior), cost the least to redevelop.

Rome Milan Naples Turin

Stadio Olimpico San Siro Stadio San Paolo Stadio delle Alpi

41°56′1.99″N 12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861 (Stadio Olimpico) 45°28′40.89″N 9°7′27.14″E / 45.4780250°N 9.1242056°E / 45.4780250; 9.1242056 (San Siro) 40°49′40.68″N 14°11′34.83″E / 40.8279667°N 14.1930083°E / 40.8279667; 14.1930083 (Stadio San Paolo) 45°06′34.42″N 7°38′28.54″E / 45.1095611°N 7.6412611°E / 45.1095611; 7.6412611 (Stadio delle Alpi)

Capacity: 84,800[17][18] Capacity: 83,407[17][18] Capacity: 83,311[17][18] Capacity: 71,362[17][18]

Bari

Rome

Milan

Naples

Turin

Bari

Verona

Florence

Cagliari

Bologna

Udine

Palermo

Genoa

Florence

Stadio San Nicola Stadio Comunale

41°5′5.05″N 16°50′24.26″E / 41.0847361°N 16.8400722°E / 41.0847361; 16.8400722 (Stadio San Nicola) 43°46′50.96″N 11°16′56.13″E / 43.7808222°N 11.2822583°E / 43.7808222; 11.2822583 (Stadio Artemio Franchi)

Capacity: 58,270[17][18] Capacity: 49,000[17][18]

Genoa Cagliari

Stadio Luigi Ferraris Stadio Sant'Elia

44°24′59.15″N 8°57′8.74″E / 44.4164306°N 8.9524278°E / 44.4164306; 8.9524278 (Stadio Luigi Ferraris) 39°11′57.82″N 9°8′5.83″E / 39.1993944°N 9.1349528°E / 39.1993944; 9.1349528 (Stadio Sant'Elia)

Capacity: 44,800[17][18] Capacity: 44,200[17][18]

Verona Udine Bologna Palermo

Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi Stadio Friuli Stadio Renato Dall'Ara Stadio La Favorita

45°26′7.28″N 10°58′7.13″E / 45.4353556°N 10.9686472°E / 45.4353556; 10.9686472 (Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi) 46°4′53.77″N 13°12′0.49″E / 46.0816028°N 13.2001361°E / 46.0816028; 13.2001361 (Stadio Friuli) 44°29′32.33″N 11°18′34.80″E / 44.4923139°N 11.3096667°E / 44.4923139; 11.3096667 (Stadio Renato Dall'Ara) 38°9′9.96″N 13°20′32.19″E / 38.1527667°N 13.3422750°E / 38.1527667; 13.3422750 (Stadio Renzo Barbera)

Capacity: 43,216[17][18] Capacity: 42,311[17][18] Capacity: 41,200[17][18] Capacity: 40,632[17][18]

Squads[edit] Further information: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
squads Squads for the 1990 World Cup consisted of 22 players, as for the previous tournament in 1986. Replacement of injured players was permitted during the tournament at FIFA's discretion. Two goalkeepers – Argentina's Ángel Comizzo and England's Dave Beasant
Dave Beasant
– entered their respective squads during the tournament to replace injured players ( Nery Pumpido
Nery Pumpido
and David Seaman). Match officials[edit] 41 match officials from 34 countries were assigned to the tournament to serve as referees and assistant referees. Officials in italics were only used as assistants during the tournament. Referees dressed only in traditional black jerseys for the final time at a World Cup (a red change shirt was used for two Group C games in which Scotland
Scotland
wore their navy blue shirts).

List of match officials

Africa

Mohamed Hansal Neji Jouini Jean-Fidèle Diramba

Asia

Jamal Al Sharif Jassim Mandi Shizuo Takada

Europe

Luigi Agnolin Emilio Soriano Aladrén George Courtney Pietro D'Elia Erik Fredriksson Siegfried Kirschen Helmut Kohl Tullio Lanese Michał Listkiewicz Rosario Lo Bello Carlo Longhi Pierluigi Magni Peter Mikkelsen Pierluigi Pairetto Zoran Petrović Joël Quiniou Kurt Röthlisberger Aron Schmidhuber Carlos Silva Valente George Smith Alan Snoddy Alexey Spirin Marcel Van Langenhove Michel Vautrot

North and Central America

Edgardo Codesal Vincent Mauro Berny Ulloa Morera

Oceania

Richard Lorenc

South America

Juan Daniel Cardellino Armando Pérez Hoyos Elías Jácome Juan Carlos Loustau Carlos Maciel Hernán Silva José Roberto Wright

Groups[edit] Seedings[edit] The six seeded teams for the 1990 tournament were announced on 7 December 1989.[19] The seeds were then allocated to the six groups in order of their seeding rank (1st seed to Group A, 2nd seed to Group B, etc.). The seeds were decided by FIFA
FIFA
based on the nations' performance in, primarily, the 1986 World Cup with the 1982 World Cup also considered as a secondary influence. Six of the final eight in 1986 had qualified for the 1990 tournament. Italy
Italy
– who were seeded first as hosts – had not reached the final eight in 1986, and this left FIFA
FIFA
needing to exclude one of the three (qualified) nations who were eliminated in the 1986 quarter-finals: Brazil, England
England
or Spain. Owing to their performance in 1982 but also to their overall World Cup record, Brazil
Brazil
were seeded third and not considered to drop out of the seedings. FIFA
FIFA
opted to seed England
England
ahead of Spain. Spain
Spain
had only been eliminated in 1986 on penalties, while England
England
had been defeated in 90 minutes; both countries had also reached the second stage in the 1982 event, playing in the same group in the second group stage with England
England
ending up ahead of Spain, but Spain
Spain
had also appeared in the 1978 event, while England
England
had failed to qualify. FIFA
FIFA
President João Havelange had reportedly earlier stated that Spain
Spain
would be seeded.[20] Spanish officials believed the seeding was contrived to ensure England would be placed in Group F, the group to be held off the Italian mainland, in a bid to contain England's hooliganism problems. Their coach Luis Suárez said, "We feel we've been cheated...they wanted to seed England
England
and to send it to Cagliari
Cagliari
at all costs. So they invented this formula".[19] FIFA
FIFA
countered that "the formula was based on the teams' respective showings during the previous two World Cups. England merited the sixth position. This is in no way a concession to English hooliganism".[19]

Seeds Pot 1[21] Pot 2[21] Pot 3[21]

  Italy
Italy
(1st)   Argentina
Argentina
(2nd)   Brazil
Brazil
(3rd)   West Germany
West Germany
(4th)   Belgium
Belgium
(5th)   England
England
(6th)

 Cameroon  Costa Rica  Egypt  South Korea  United Arab Emirates  United States

 Colombia  Czechoslovakia  Republic of Ireland  Romania  Sweden  Uruguay

 Austria  Netherlands  Scotland  Spain  Soviet Union  Yugoslavia

Final draw[edit]

Ciao, a stick figure in the colours of the Italy
Italy
Tricolore, was the mascot for the 1990 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup.

On 9 December 1989 the draw was conducted at the Palazzetto dello Sport in Rome, where the teams were drawn out from the three pots to be placed with the seeded teams in their predetermined groups. The only stipulation of the draw was that no group could feature two South American teams.[21] The ceremony was hosted by Italian television presenter Pippo Baudo, with Italian actress Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
and opera singer Luciano Pavarotti
Luciano Pavarotti
conducting the draw alongside FIFA
FIFA
general secretary Sepp Blatter.[22] The draw show was FIFA's most ambitious yet with Pelé, Bobby Moore and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
appearing, as well as a performance of the Italian version of the tournament's official song "To Be Number One" by Giorgio Moroder, performed as "Un'estate italiana" by Edoardo Bennato and Gianna Nannini.[23] The event also featured the official mascot of this World Cup, Ciao, a stick figure player with a football head and an Italian tricolor body that formed the word "ITALIA" when deconstructed and reconstructed.[24] Its name is an Italian greeting. Tournament review[edit]

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The finals tournament began in Italy
Italy
on 8 June and concluded on 8 July. The format of the 1990 competition remained the same as in 1986: 24 qualified teams were divided into six groups of four. The top two teams and four best third-place finishers from the six groups advanced to the knockout stage, which eliminated the teams until a winner emerged. In total, 52 games were played. Negative tactics[edit] The tournament generated a record low goals-per-game average and a then-record of 16 red cards were handed out. In the knockout stage, many teams played defensively for 120 minutes, with the intention of trying their luck in the penalty shoot-out, rather than risk going forward. Two exceptions were the eventual champions West Germany
West Germany
and hosts Italy, the only teams to win three of their four knockout matches in normal time. There were four penalty shoot-outs, a record subsequently equalled in the 2006 and 2014 tournaments. Eight matches went to extra time, a record equalled in the 2014 tournament. Ireland and Argentina
Argentina
were prime examples of this trend of cautious defensive play; the Irish scored just twice in five games in drawing all their matches until their defeat to Italy
Italy
in the quarter-finals. Losing finalists Argentina, meanwhile, scored only five goals in the entire tournament (a record low for a finalist). Argentina
Argentina
also became the first (and so far only) team to advance twice on penalty shoot-outs and the first team to fail to score and have a player sent off in a World Cup final. Largely as a result of this trend FIFA
FIFA
introduced the back-pass rule in time for the 1994 tournament to make it harder for teams to time-waste by repeatedly passing the ball back for their goalkeepers to pick up. Three, rather than two points would be awarded for victories at future tournaments to help further encourage attacking play. Emergence of Cameroon[edit] Cameroon
Cameroon
reached the quarter-finals, where they were narrowly defeated by England. They opened the tournament with a shock victory over reigning champions Argentina, before topping the group ahead of both them and European Championship runners-up the Soviet Union. Their success was fired by the goals of Roger Milla, a 38-year-old forward who came out of international retirement to join the national squad at the last moment after a personal request from Cameroonian President Paul Biya. Milla's four goals and flamboyant goal celebrations made him one of the tournament's biggest stars as well as taking Cameroon to the last eight. Most of Cameroon's squad was made up of players who played in France's premier football league, Ligue 1- French is one of the officially spoken languages in Cameroon, it being a former French territory. In reaching this stage, they had gone further than any African nation had ever managed in a World Cup before; a feat only equalled twice since (by Senegal in 2002 and Ghana in 2010). Their success was African football's biggest yet on the world stage, and FIFA
FIFA
subsequently decided to allocate the CAF qualifying zone an additional place for the next World Cup tournament. All-champion final four[edit] Despite the performances of nations such as Cameroon, Colombia, Ireland and Costa Rica, the semi-finalists consisted of Argentina, England, Italy
Italy
and West Germany, all previous World Cup winners, with a total of eight previous titles between them. After the 1970 tournament, this is only the second time in the history of the World Cup this has occurred. The teams which finished first, second and third had also contested both the two previous World Cup Finals between themselves. Results[edit] Group stage[edit] All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)

  Champion   Runner-up

  Third place   Fourth place

  Quarter-finals   Round of 16

  Group stage

In the following tables:

Pld = total games played W = total games won D = total games drawn (tied) L = total games lost GF = total goals scored (goals for) GA = total goals conceded (goals against) GD = goal difference (GF−GA) Pts = total points accumulated

The Group stage saw the twenty-four teams divided into six groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of six games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16. The four best third-placed teams would also advance to the next stage. If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:

Greatest total goal difference in the three group matches Greatest number of goals scored in the three group matches If teams remained level after those criteria, a mini-group would be formed from those teams, who would be ranked on:

Most points earned in matches against other teams in the tie Greatest goal difference in matches against other teams in the tie Greatest number of goals scored in matches against other teams in the tie

If teams remained level after all these criteria, FIFA
FIFA
would hold a drawing of lots

Group A[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Group A Hosts Italy
Italy
won Group A with a 100 percent record. They beat Austria 1–0 thanks to substitute Salvatore 'Totò' Schillaci, who had played only one international before but would become a star during the tournament. A second 1–0 victory followed against a United States team already thumped 5–1 by Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovaks ended runners-up in the group, while the USA's first appearance in a World Cup Finals since 1950 ended with three consecutive defeats.

Pos Team [

v t e

]

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification

1   Italy
Italy
(H) 3 3 0 0 4 0 +4 6 Advance to knockout stage

2  Czechoslovakia 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 4

3  Austria 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

4  United States 3 0 0 3 2 8 −6 0

Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers (H) Host.

9 June 1990

Italy  1–0  Austria Stadio Olimpico, Rome

10 June 1990

United States  1–5  Czechoslovakia Stadio Comunale, Florence

14 June 1990

Italy  1–0  United States Stadio Olimpico, Rome

15 June 1990

Austria  0–1  Czechoslovakia Stadio Comunale, Florence

19 June 1990

Italy  2–0  Czechoslovakia Stadio Olimpico, Rome

Austria  2–1  United States Stadio Comunale, Florence

Group B[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Group B Cameroon
Cameroon
defeated reigning champions Argentina. Despite ending the match with only nine men, the African team held on for a shock 1–0 win, with contrasting fortunes for the brothers Biyik: François Omam scoring the winning goal, shortly after seeing Andre Kana sent off for a serious foul. In their second game the introduction of Roger Milla was the catalyst for a 2–1 win over Romania, Milla scoring twice from the bench (making him the oldest goalscorer in the tournament). With progression assured, Cameroon
Cameroon
slumped to a 4–0 defeat in their final group game to a Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(in what would be their last World Cup due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union) side striving to stay in the tournament on goal difference after successive 2–0 defeats. A 1–1 draw between Romania
Romania
and Argentina
Argentina
sent both through, the latter as one of the best third-placed teams.

Pos Team [

v t e

]

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification

1  Cameroon 3 2 0 1 3 5 −2 4 Advance to knockout stage

2  Romania 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 3

3  Argentina 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3

4  Soviet Union 3 1 0 2 4 4 0 2

Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers

8 June 1990

Argentina  0–1  Cameroon San Siro, Milan

9 June 1990

Soviet Union  0–2  Romania Stadio San Nicola, Bari

13 June 1990

Argentina  2–0  Soviet Union Stadio San Paolo, Naples

14 June 1990

Cameroon  2–1  Romania Stadio San Nicola, Bari

18 June 1990

Argentina  1–1  Romania Stadio San Paolo, Naples

Cameroon  0–4  Soviet Union Stadio San Nicola, Bari

Group C[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Group C Costa Rica
Costa Rica
beat Scotland
Scotland
1–0 in their first match, lost 1–0 to Brazil
Brazil
in their second, then saw off Sweden
Sweden
2–1 to claim a place in the second round. Brazil
Brazil
took maximum points from the group. They began with a 2–1 win over Sweden, then beat both Costa Rica
Costa Rica
and Scotland
Scotland
1–0. Scotland's 2–1 win over Sweden
Sweden
was not enough to save them from an early return home as one of the two lowest-ranked third-placed teams.

Pos Team [

v t e

]

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification

1  Brazil 3 3 0 0 4 1 +3 6 Advance to knockout stage

2  Costa Rica 3 2 0 1 3 2 +1 4

3  Scotland 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

4  Sweden 3 0 0 3 3 6 −3 0

Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers

10 June 1990

Brazil  2–1  Sweden Stadio delle Alpi, Turin

11 June 1990

Costa Rica  1–0  Scotland Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa

16 June 1990

Brazil  1–0  Costa Rica Stadio delle Alpi, Turin

Sweden  1–2  Scotland Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa

20 June 1990

Brazil  1–0  Scotland Stadio delle Alpi, Turin

Sweden  1–2  Costa Rica Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa

Group D[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Group D Group D featured the most goals of all the groups, most due to two large wins of West Germany
West Germany
and defensive inadequacies of a United Arab Emirates team that lost 2–0 to Colombia, 5–1 to West Germany
West Germany
and 4–1 to Yugoslavia. The West Germans topped the group after a 4–1 opening victory over group runners-up Yugoslavia.

Pos Team [

v t e

]

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification

1  West Germany 3 2 1 0 10 3 +7 5 Advance to knockout stage

2  Yugoslavia 3 2 0 1 6 5 +1 4

3  Colombia 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3

4  United Arab Emirates 3 0 0 3 2 11 −9 0

Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers

9 June 1990

United Arab Emirates  0–2  Colombia Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, Bologna

10 June 1990

West Germany  4–1  Yugoslavia San Siro, Milan

14 June 1990

Yugoslavia  1–0  Colombia Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, Bologna

15 June 1990

West Germany  5–1  United Arab Emirates San Siro, Milan

19 June 1990

West Germany  1–1  Colombia San Siro, Milan

Yugoslavia  4–1  United Arab Emirates Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, Bologna

Group E[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Group E The winners of Group E were Spain, for whom Michel hit a hat-trick as they beat South Korea
South Korea
3–1 in an unbeaten group campaign. Belgium
Belgium
won their first two games against South Korea
South Korea
and Uruguay
Uruguay
to ensure their progress; Uruguay's advance to the second round came with an injury time winner against South Korea
South Korea
to edge them through as the weakest of the third-placed sides to remain in the tournament.

Pos Team [

v t e

]

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification

1  Spain 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 5 Advance to knockout stage

2  Belgium 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 4

3  Uruguay 3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 3

4  South Korea 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0

Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers

12 June 1990

Belgium  2–0  South Korea Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Verona

13 June 1990

Uruguay  0–0  Spain Stadio Friuli, Udine

17 June 1990

Belgium  3–1  Uruguay Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Verona

South Korea  1–3  Spain Stadio Friuli, Udine

21 June 1990

Belgium  1–2  Spain Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Verona

South Korea  0–1  Uruguay Stadio Friuli, Udine

Group F[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Group F Group F, featured the Netherlands, England, the Republic of Ireland and Egypt. In the six group games, no team managed to score more than once in a match. England
England
beat Egypt
Egypt
1–0, thanks to a 58th-minute goal from Mark Wright – and that was enough to win the group.

Pos Team [

v t e

]

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification

1  England 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 4 Advance to knockout stage

2  Republic of Ireland 3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3

3  Netherlands 3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3

4  Egypt 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2

Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers The Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
and the Netherlands
Netherlands
finished with identical records. With both teams assured of progressing, they were split by the drawing of lots to determine second and third place.

11 June 1990

England  1–1  Republic of Ireland Stadio Sant'Elia, Cagliari

12 June 1990

Netherlands  1–1  Egypt Stadio La Favorita, Palermo

16 June 1990

England  0–0  Netherlands Stadio Sant'Elia, Cagliari

17 June 1990

Republic of Ireland  0–0  Egypt Stadio La Favorita, Palermo

21 June 1990

England  1–0  Egypt Stadio Sant'Elia, Cagliari

Republic of Ireland  1–1  Netherlands Stadio La Favorita, Palermo

Ranking of third-placed teams[edit]

Pos Grp Team [

v t e

]

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification

1 B  Argentina 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3 Advance to knockout stage

2 D  Colombia 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3

3 F  Netherlands 3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3

4 E  Uruguay 3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 3

5 A  Austria 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

6 C  Scotland 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

Source: FIFA Knockout stage[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
knockout stage The knockout stage involved the 16 teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time; if scores were still level there would be a penalty shoot-out (five penalties each, if neither team already has a decisive advantage, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (aet), and penalty shoot outs are indicated by (p).

Round of 16

Quarter-finals

Semi-finals

Final

                           

24 June – Turin    

   

   

  Brazil  0

30 June – Florence

  Argentina  1  

   Argentina
Argentina
(p)  0 (3)

26 June – Verona

    Yugoslavia  0 (2)  

  Spain  1

3 July – Naples

  Yugoslavia (aet)  2  

   Argentina
Argentina
(p)  1 (4)

25 June – Genoa

    Italy  1 (3)  

   Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
(p)  0 (5)

30 June – Rome

  Romania  0 (4)  

  Republic of Ireland  0

25 June – Rome

    Italy  1  

  Italy  2

8 July – Rome

  Uruguay  0  

  Argentina  0

23 June – Bari

    West Germany  1

  Czechoslovakia  4

1 July – Milan

  Costa Rica  1  

  Czechoslovakia  0

24 June – Milan

    West Germany  1  

  West Germany  2

4 July – Turin

  Netherlands  1  

   West Germany
West Germany
(p)  1 (4)

23 June – Naples

    England  1 (3)   Third place

   Cameroon
Cameroon
(aet)  2

1 July – Naples

7 July – Bari

  Colombia  1  

  Cameroon  2   Italy  2

26 June – Bologna

     England
England
(aet)  3     England  1

   England
England
(aet)  1

  Belgium  0  

All times listed are local (UTC+2) Round of 16[edit] Two of the ties – Brazil
Brazil
vs Argentina
Argentina
and Italy
Italy
vs Uruguay
Uruguay
– pitted former champion countries against each other, and West Germany met the Netherlands
Netherlands
in a rematch of the 1974 World Cup Final. The all-South American game was won for Argentina
Argentina
by a goal from Claudio Caniggia
Claudio Caniggia
with 10 minutes remaining after a run through the Brazilian defence by Diego Maradona
Diego Maradona
and an outstanding performance from their goalkeeper Sergio Goycochea. It would later come to light that Branco had been offered water spiked with tranquillisers by Maradona and Ricardo Giusti during half time, to slow him down in the second half. Initially discredited by the press, Branco would be publicly proven right years later, when Maradona confessed the episode in a TV show in Argentina.[25] As for Italy, a strong second half showing saw the hosts beat Uruguay
Uruguay
2–0, thanks to another goal from Schillaci and one from Aldo Serena. The match between West Germany
West Germany
and the Netherlands
Netherlands
was held in Milan, and both sides featured several notable players from the two Milanese clubs (Germans Andreas Brehme, Lothar Matthäus
Lothar Matthäus
and Jürgen Klinsmann for Internazionale, and Dutchmen Marco van Basten, Ruud Gullit
Ruud Gullit
and Frank Rijkaard
Frank Rijkaard
for Milan). After 22 minutes Rudi Völler
Rudi Völler
and Rijkaard were both dismissed after a number of incidents (including Rijkaard spitting on Völler) between the two players left the Argentine referee with no option but to send them both off. As the players walked off the pitch together, Rijkaard spat on Völler a second time. Early in the second half, Jürgen Klinsmann
Jürgen Klinsmann
put the West Germans ahead and Andreas Brehme
Andreas Brehme
added a second with eight minutes left. A Ronald Koeman penalty for the Netherlands
Netherlands
in the 89th minute narrowed the score to 2–1 but the Germans saw the game out to gain some revenge for their exit to the Dutch in the previous European Championship. Meanwhile, the heroics of Cameroon
Cameroon
and Roger Milla
Roger Milla
continued in their game with Colombia. Milla was introduced as a second-half substitute with the game goalless, eventually breaking the deadlock midway in extra time. Three minutes later he netted a second after Colombian goalkeeper, René Higuita
René Higuita
was dispossessed by Milla while well out of his goal, leaving the striker free to slot the ball into the empty net. Though the deficit was soon reduced to 2–1, Cameroon
Cameroon
held on to become the first African team ever to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. Costa Rica
Costa Rica
were comfortably beaten 4–1 by Czechoslovakia, for whom Tomáš Skuhravý
Tomáš Skuhravý
scored the tournament's second and final hat-trick. The Republic of Ireland's match with Romania
Romania
remained goalless after extra time, and the Irish side won 5–4 on penalties. David O'Leary converted the penalty that clinched Ireland's place in the quarter-finals. Ireland thus became the first team since Sweden
Sweden
in 1938 to reach the last eight in a World Cup finals tournament without winning a match outright. Yugoslavia beat Spain
Spain
2–1 after extra time, with Dragan Stojković
Dragan Stojković
scoring both the Yugoslavs' goals. England
England
were the final qualifier against Belgium, as midfielder David Platt's swivelling volley broke the stalemate with the game moments away from a penalty shoot-out.

23 June 199017:00

Cameroon  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Colombia

Milla  106', 108' Report Redín  115'

Stadio San Paolo, Naples Attendance: 50,026 Referee: Tullio Lanese (Italy)

23 June 199021:00

Czechoslovakia  4–1  Costa Rica

Skuhravý  12', 63', 82' Kubík  75' Report González  54'

Stadio San Nicola, Bari Attendance: 47,673 Referee: Siegfried Kirschen
Siegfried Kirschen
(East Germany)

24 June 199017:00

Brazil  0–1  Argentina

Report Caniggia  80'

Stadio delle Alpi, Turin Attendance: 61,381 Referee: Joël Quiniou (France)

24 June 199021:00

West Germany  2–1  Netherlands

Klinsmann  51' Brehme  82' Report R. Koeman  89' (pen.)

San Siro, Milan Attendance: 74,559 Referee: Juan Carlos Loustau (Argentina)

25 June 199017:00

Republic of Ireland  0–0 (a.e.t.)  Romania

Report

Penalties

Sheedy Houghton Townsend Cascarino O'Leary 5–4 Hagi Lupu Rotariu Lupescu Timofte

Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa Attendance: 31,818 Referee: José Roberto Wright (Brazil)

25 June 199021:00

Italy  2–0  Uruguay

Schillaci  65' Serena  83' Report

Stadio Olimpico, Rome Attendance: 73,303 Referee: George Courtney (England)

26 June 199017:00

Spain  1–2 (a.e.t.)  Yugoslavia

Salinas  83' Report Stojković  78', 92'

Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Verona Attendance: 35,500 Referee: Aron Schmidhuber (West Germany)

26 June 199021:00

England  1–0 (a.e.t.)  Belgium

Platt  119' Report

Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, Bologna Attendance: 34,520 Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)

Quarter-finals[edit] The first game of the last 8 saw Argentina
Argentina
and a Yugoslav side, reduced to 10 men after only half an hour, play out a goalless stalemate. The holders reached the semi-finals after winning the penalty shoot-out 3–2, despite Maradona having his penalty saved. A second Argentine miss (by Pedro Troglio) looked to have eliminated them until goalkeeper Sergio Goycochea
Sergio Goycochea
– playing because first choice Nery Pumpido
Nery Pumpido
broke his leg during the group stage – rescued his side by stopping the Yugoslavs' final two spotkicks. The Republic of Ireland's World Cup run was brought to an end by a single goal from Schillaci in the first half of their quarter-final with hosts Italy. West Germany
West Germany
beat Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
with a 25th minute Lothar Matthäus
Lothar Matthäus
penalty. The quarter-final between England
England
and Cameroon
Cameroon
was the only quarter-final to produce more than one goal. Despite Cameroon's heroics earlier in the tournament, David Platt put England
England
ahead in the 25th minute. At half-time, Milla was brought on. In the second half, the game was turned on its head during a five-minute stretch: first Cameroon
Cameroon
were awarded a penalty from which Emmanuel Kunde scored the equaliser; then in the 65th minute Eugene Ekeke put Cameroon ahead. Cameroon
Cameroon
came within eight minutes of reaching the semi-finals before then they conceded a penalty, which Gary Lineker
Gary Lineker
converted. Midway through extra time, England
England
were awarded another penalty, and Lineker again scored from the spot. England
England
were through to the semi-finals for the first time since the days of Bobby Moore
Bobby Moore
24 years ago.

30 June 199017:00

Argentina  0–0 (a.e.t.)  Yugoslavia

Report

Penalties

Serrizuela Burruchaga Maradona Troglio Dezotti 3–2 Stojković Prosinečki Savićević Brnović Hadžibegić

Stadio Comunale, Florence Attendance: 38,971 Referee: Kurt Röthlisberger (Switzerland)

30 June 199021:00

Republic of Ireland  0–1  Italy

Report Schillaci  38'

Stadio Olimpico, Rome Attendance: 73,303 Referee: Carlos Silva Valente (Portugal)

1 July 199017:00

Czechoslovakia  0–1  West Germany

Report Matthäus  25' (pen.)

San Siro, Milan Attendance: 73,347 Referee: Helmut Kohl (Austria)

1 July 199021:00

Cameroon  2–3 (a.e.t.)  England

Kundé  61' (pen.) Ekéké  65' Report Platt  25' Lineker  83' (pen.), 105' (pen.)

Stadio San Paolo, Naples Attendance: 55,205 Referee: Edgardo Codesal (Mexico)

Semi-finals[edit] The first semi-final featured the host nation, Italy, and the world champions, Argentina
Argentina
in Naples. 'Toto' Schillaci scored yet again to put Italy
Italy
ahead in the 17th minute, but Claudio Caniggia
Claudio Caniggia
equalised midway through the second half, breaking Walter Zenga's clean sheet streak throughout the tournament. There were no more goals in the 90 minutes or in extra time despite Maradona (who played for Naples
Naples
in Serie A at the time) showing glimpses of magic, but there was a sending-off: Ricardo Giusti of Argentina
Argentina
was shown the red card in the 13th minute of extra time. Argentina
Argentina
went through on penalties, winning the shoot-out 4–3 after more heroics from Goycochea. The semi-final between West Germany
West Germany
and England
England
at Juventus's home stadium in Turin
Turin
was goalless at half-time. Then, in the 60th minute, a shot from Andreas Brehme
Andreas Brehme
was deflected by Paul Parker into his own net. England
England
equalised with ten minutes left; Gary Lineker
Gary Lineker
was the scorer. The game ended 1–1. Extra time yielded more chances. Klinsmann was guilty of two glaring misses, and both sides struck a post. England
England
had another Platt goal disallowed for offside. The match went to penalties, and West Germany
West Germany
went on to win the shoot-out 4–3.[26]

3 July 199020:00

Argentina  1–1 (a.e.t.)  Italy

Caniggia  67' Report Schillaci  17'

Penalties

Serrizuela Burruchaga Olarticoechea Maradona 4–3 Baresi Baggio De Agostini Donadoni Serena

Stadio San Paolo, Naples Attendance: 59,978 Referee: Michel Vautrot (France)

4 July 199020:00

West Germany  1–1 (a.e.t.)  England

Brehme  60' Report Lineker  80'

Penalties

Brehme Matthäus Riedle Thon 4–3 Lineker Beardsley Platt Pearce Waddle

Stadio delle Alpi, Turin Attendance: 62,628 Referee: José Roberto Wright (Brazil)

Third-place match[edit] The game saw three goals in a 15-minute spell. Roberto Baggio
Roberto Baggio
opened the scoring after a rare mistake by England's goalkeeper Peter Shilton, in his final game before international retirement, presented a simple opportunity. A header by David Platt levelled the game 10 minutes later but Schillaci was fouled in the penalty area five minutes later, leading to a penalty. Schillaci himself got up to convert the kick to win him the tournament's Golden Boot for his six-goal tally. Nicola Berti
Nicola Berti
had a goal ruled out minutes later, but the hosts claimed third place. England
England
had the consolation prize of the Fair Play award, having received no red cards and the lowest average number of yellows per match.

7 July 199020:00

Italy  2–1  England

Baggio  71' Schillaci  86' (pen.) Report Platt  81'

Stadio San Nicola, Bari Attendance: 51,426 Referee: Joël Quiniou (France)

Final[edit] Main article: 1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Final The final between West Germany
West Germany
and Argentina
Argentina
has been cited as the most cynical and lowest-quality of all World Cup Finals.[1][2][27][28][29] In the 65th minute, Argentina's Pedro Monzon was sent off for a foul on Jürgen Klinsmann, the first player ever to be sent off in a World Cup Final. Argentina, weakened by suspension and injury, offered little attacking threat throughout a contest dominated by the West Germans, who struggled to create many clear goalscoring opportunities. The only goal of the contest arrived in the 85th minute when Mexican referee Edgardo Codesal awarded a penalty to West Germany, after a foul on Rudi Völler
Rudi Völler
by Roberto Sensini leading to Argentinian protests. [30] Andreas Brehme, converted the spot kick to settle the contest. In the closing moments, Argentina
Argentina
were reduced to nine after Gustavo Dezotti received a red card when he hauled Jürgen Kohler to the ground during a stoppage in play. The 1–0 scoreline provided another first: Argentina
Argentina
were the first team to fail to score in a World Cup Final. With its third title (and three second-place finishes) West Germany – in its final tournament before national reunification – became the most successful World Cup nation at the time. West German manager Franz Beckenbauer
Franz Beckenbauer
became the only man to both captain (in 1974) and manage a World Cup winning team, and only the second man (after Mário Zagallo of Brazil) to win the World Cup as a player and as team manager. It was also the first time a team from UEFA
UEFA
won the final against a non-European team.

8 July 199020:00

West Germany  1–0  Argentina

Brehme  85' (pen.) Report

Stadio Olimpico, Rome Attendance: 73,603 Referee: Edgardo Codesal (Mexico)

Goalscorers[edit] Salvatore Schillaci
Salvatore Schillaci
received the Golden Boot award for scoring six goals in the World Cup. This made him the second Italian footballer to have this honour, after Paolo Rossi
Paolo Rossi
won the award in 1982. In total, 115 goals were scored by 75 different players (none credited as own goals).

6 goals

Salvatore Schillaci

5 goals

Tomáš Skuhravý

4 goals

Roger Milla Gary Lineker Míchel Lothar Matthäus

3 goals

David Platt Andreas Brehme Jürgen Klinsmann Rudi Völler

2 goals

Claudio Caniggia Careca Müller Bernardo Redín

Michal Bílek Roberto Baggio Gabi Balint Marius Lăcătuș

Davor Jozić Darko Pančev Dragan Stojković

1 goal

Andreas Ogris Gerhard Rodax Jorge Burruchaga Pedro Monzón Pedro Troglio Jan Ceulemans Lei Clijsters Michel De Wolf Marc Degryse Enzo Scifo Patrick Vervoort Eugène Ekéké Emmanuel Kundé François Omam-Biyik Freddy Rincón Carlos Valderrama Juan Cayasso Róger Flores

Rónald González Hernán Medford Ivan Hašek Luboš Kubík Milan
Milan
Luhový Magdi Abdelghani Mark Wright Giuseppe Giannini Aldo Serena Ruud Gullit Wim Kieft Ronald Koeman Niall Quinn Kevin Sheedy Mo Johnston Stuart McCall Hwangbo Kwan Igor Dobrovolski

Oleh Protasov Oleksandr Zavarov Andrei Zygmantovich Alberto Górriz Julio Salinas Tomas Brolin Johnny Ekström Glenn Strömberg Khalid Ismaïl Ali Thani Jumaa Paul Caligiuri Bruce Murray Pablo Bengoechea Daniel Fonseca Uwe Bein Pierre Littbarski Robert Prosinečki Safet Sušić

Awards[edit] [31]

Golden Boot winner Golden Ball winner Best Young Player FIFA
FIFA
Fair Play Trophy

Salvatore Schillaci Salvatore Schillaci Robert Prosinečki  England

All-star team[edit]

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Sergio Goycochea Luis Gabelo Conejo

Andreas Brehme Paolo Maldini Franco Baresi

Diego Maradona Lothar Matthäus Dragan Stojković Paul Gascoigne

Salvatore Schillaci Roger Milla Jürgen Klinsmann

Final standings[edit] After the tournament, FIFA
FIFA
published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1990 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[32][33]

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.

1  West Germany D 7 5 2 0 15 5 +10 12

2  Argentina B 7 2 3 2 5 4 +1 7

3  Italy A 7 6 1 0 10 2 +8 13

4  England F 7 3 3 1 8 6 +2 9

Eliminated in the quarter-finals

5  Yugoslavia D 5 3 1 1 8 6 +2 7

6  Czechoslovakia A 5 3 0 2 10 5 +5 6

7  Cameroon B 5 3 0 2 7 9 -2 6

8  Republic of Ireland F 5 0 4 1 2 3 −1 4

Eliminated in the round of 16

9  Brazil C 4 3 0 1 4 2 +2 6

10  Spain E 4 2 1 1 6 4 +2 5

11  Belgium E 4 2 0 2 6 4 +2 4

12  Romania B 4 1 2 1 4 3 +1 4

13  Costa Rica C 4 2 0 2 4 6 −2 4

14  Colombia D 4 1 1 2 4 4 0 3

15  Netherlands F 4 0 3 1 3 4 −1 3

16  Uruguay E 4 1 1 2 2 5 −3 3

Eliminated in the group stage

17  Soviet Union B 3 1 0 2 4 4 0 2

18  Austria A 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

 Scotland C 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 2

20  Egypt F 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2

21  Sweden C 3 0 0 3 3 6 −3 0

22  South Korea E 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0

23  United States A 3 0 0 3 2 8 −6 0

24  United Arab Emirates D 3 0 0 3 2 11 −9 0

Statistics[edit]

Most wins: Italy
Italy
(6) Most defeats: South Korea, Sweden, UAE, United States
United States
(3) First goal: François Omam Biyik (for Cameroon
Cameroon
vs Argentina; Group B, 8 June) Fastest goal in a match: 3 minutes 59 seconds – Safet Sušić
Safet Sušić
(for Yugoslavia vs UAE; Group D, 19 June) Latest goal scored in a match (apart from penalty shoot-outs): 119 minutes – David Platt (for England
England
vs Belgium; Round of 16, 16 June) Biggest win: 5–1 – by Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
vs United States, and by West Germany
Germany
vs UAE Most goals in the tournament (team): West Germany
West Germany
(15) Most goals in the tournament (player): Salvatore Schillaci
Salvatore Schillaci
(Italy) (6) Least goals in the tournament (team): Egypt
Egypt
and South Korea
South Korea
(1) Most goals in a game: 6 ( United States
United States
1 Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
5; West Germany
Germany
5 UAE 1) Most goals in a game (player): 3, by Míchel (for Spain
Spain
vs South Korea) and Tomáš Skuhravý
Tomáš Skuhravý
(for Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
vs Costa Rica) Fewest goals conceded: Brazil, Egypt
Egypt
and Italy
Italy
(2) Total goals scored: 115 (average 2.21 goals per game, a record low in World Cup history) Most clean sheets: Italy
Italy
(5) Number of penalties awarded: 18 (13 scored, 5 missed)[34] Most yellow cards in a game: 9 – Austria
Austria
vs United States
United States
(Group A, 19 June) Most yellow cards in the tournament: Argentina
Argentina
(22) Total yellow cards: 162[35] Most red cards in the tournament: Argentina
Argentina
(3) Total red cards: 16 (a record high for a 24 team World Cup) Highest attendance: 74,765 – West Germany
West Germany
vs Yugoslavia (Group D, 10 June) Lowest attendance: 27,833 – Yugoslavia vs UAE (Group D, 19 June) Average attendance: 48,391 (5th highest in World Cup history) Oldest player: Peter Shilton
Peter Shilton
(England) (40 years 292 days) Youngest player: Rónald González Brenes (Costa Rica) (19 years 307 days) Italy's performance of 6 wins, 1 draw and 0 losses is the highest ever winning percentage for a team that did not win the World Cup.[36] The Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
became the second team in World Cup history to reach the last eight without winning a match ( Sweden
Sweden
progressed to the last eight by default in 1938 when Austria
Austria
withdrew).

See also[edit]

Sir Bobby Robson Trophy match, a 2009 replay of the 1990 England Germany
Germany
semi-final in honour of the England
England
manager Bobby Robson

References and footnotes[edit]

^ a b " Italy
Italy
1990". BBC Sport. 17 April 2002. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  ^ a b "World Cup 1990". ESPN Soccernet. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  ^ Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. Faber. ISBN 0-571-22944-1.  ^ Freddi, Cris (2006). Complete Book of the World Cup. HarperSport. ISBN 978-0-00-722916-1.  ^ " FIFA
FIFA
World Cup™ Record – Organisation". Retrieved 14 June 2012.  ^ "World Cup and Television" (PDF). FIFA. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007.  ^ "L'Alta Definizione a Torino 1986 – 2006 di Marzio Barbero e Natasha Shpuza". Crit.rai.it. Retrieved 23 May 2012.  ^ "The FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
TV viewing figures" (PDF). FIFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 November 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2007.  ^ a b " Italy
Italy
gain vote over Soviet rival". The Times. London. 21 May 1984. p. 21.  ^ "Sports in brief". The Times. London. 3 August 1983. p. 17.  ^ "Sports in brief". The Times. London. 2 September 1983. p. 20.  ^ "World Cup formats". The Times. London. 12 November 1983. p. 18.  ^ " Romania
Romania
could join the boycott". The Times. London. 22 May 1984. p. 30.  ^ " Mexico
Mexico
given ban in soccer". The New York Times. Associated Press. 1 July 1988. Retrieved 23 October 2014.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1990/06/17/sports/world-cup-90-fan-violence-at-world-cup-finals.html ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1990-06-11/sports/sp-210_1_riot-police ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "WM 1990 Sonderheft". Kicker (in German). May–June 1990. p. 185.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "World Cup '90: The Complete Collection". Orbis.  ^ a b c " England
England
Is Seeded Sixth in 1990 World Cup in Italy". New York Times. 8 December 1989. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  ^ "Cup seedings revealed". New York Times. 30 November 1989. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  ^ a b c d "The Times guide to the draw for the World Cup finals". The Times. London. 9 December 1989. p. 51.  ^ Gardner, Paul (10 December 1989). "U.S. must face Italy
Italy
in cup". New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  ^ "The FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Final Draw history" (PDF). FIFA. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  ^ "Mascots". FIFA. Retrieved 24 April 2015.  ^ "Como Maradona "envenenou" Branco na Copa de 90". UOL. Retrieved 6 May 2014.  ^ " England
England
v West Germany
West Germany
at Italia '90 – as it happened". Guardian. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.  ^ Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. Faber. p. 303. ISBN 0-571-22944-1.  ^ Vecsey, George (9 July 1990). "Winning Ugly, Losing Ugly, Just Plain Ugly". New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  ^ "A poor display bare of class". The Times. London. 9 July 1990.  ^ Glanville, Brian (2018). The Story of the World Cup. Faber and Faber. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-571-32556-6. After half-time, the game grew harsher, when Klaus Augenthaler was blantanly tripped in the box by Goycoecha, Germany
Germany
had far stronger claims for a penalty than that which won the match. Sensini bought down Völler in the area Codesal gave a penalty, Argentina
Argentina
protested furiously, and seemed to have a pretty good case.  ^ "World Cup 1990 in Italy
Italy
- World Cup Brazil
Brazil
2014 Guide".  ^ "All-time FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Ranking 1930–2010" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 30 January 2013.  ^ " FIFA
FIFA
World Cup: Milestones, facts & figures. Statistical Kit 7" (PDF). FIFA. 26 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013.  ^ Figure does not include shoot-outs; penalties were missed during games by: Michal Bílek ( Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
v USA), Rubén Sosa ( Uruguay
Uruguay
v Spain), Faruk Hadžibegić
Faruk Hadžibegić
(Yugoslavia v Colombia), Gianluca Vialli ( Italy
Italy
v USA) and Enzo Scifo ( Belgium
Belgium
v Spain) ^ Figure does not include second yellow cards that led to a red card ^ Argentina
Argentina
defeated Italy
Italy
in the semi-finals by a penalty shoot-out which, by FIFA
FIFA
regulations counts as a draw for statistical reasons.

External links[edit]

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FIFA World Cup
1990.

1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Italy
Italy
™, FIFA.com Details at RSSSF FIFA
FIFA
Technical Report (Part 1), (Part 2), (Part 3), (Part 4), (Part 5) and (Part 6) Planet World Cup – Italy
Italy
1990

v t e

1990 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup

Stages

Group stage

Group A Group B Group C Group D Group E Group F

Knockout stage

Cameroon
Cameroon
v Colombia

Final

General information

Qualification Squads Matches Discipline

v t e

1990 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
finalists

Champions

West Germany

Runners-up

Argentina

Third place

Italy

Fourth place

England

Quarter-final

Cameroon Czechoslovakia Republic of Ireland Yugoslavia

Round of 16

Belgium Brazil Colombia Costa Rica Netherlands Romania Spain Uruguay

Group stage

Austria Egypt Scotland South Korea Soviet Union Sweden United Arab Emirates United States

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

v t e

FIFA
FIFA
World Cup

Tournaments

Uruguay
Uruguay
1930 Italy
Italy
1934 France
France
1938 Brazil
Brazil
1950 Switzerland
Switzerland
1954 Sweden
Sweden
1958 Chile
Chile
1962 England
England
1966 Mexico
Mexico
1970 West Germany
West Germany
1974 Argentina
Argentina
1978 Spain
Spain
1982 Mexico
Mexico
1986 Italy
Italy
1990 United States
United States
1994 France
France
1998 South Korea/ Japan
Japan
2002 Germany
Germany
2006 South Africa 2010 Brazil
Brazil
2014 Russia 2018 Qatar 2022 2026 2030 2034

Qualification

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Finals

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Squads

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Seedings

1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Broadcasters

1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Bids

2014 2018 and 2022 2026 2030

Records and statistics

All-time table Goalscorers

top goalscorers finals goalscorers hat-tricks own goals

Penalty shoot-outs Player appearances Red cards Referees Team appearances Teams with no appearances

Miscellaneous

Awards Balls Economics Final draw History Hosts Mascots Official films Official songs Organisers Trophy Video games

Notes: There was no qualification for the 1930 World Cup as places were given by invitation only. In 1950, there was no final; the article is about the decisive match of the final group stage.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150781541 GND: 2111663-5 SUDOC: 172044820

Association football
Association football
portal 1990s p

.