HOME
The Info List - 1988 Winter Olympics





Governor General Jeanne Sauvé, Viceregal representative of the Queen of Canada

Athlete's Oath Pierre Harvey

Judge's Oath Suzanna Morrow-Francis

Olympic Torch Robyn Perry

Stadium McMahon Stadium

Winter

<  Sarajevo 1984 Albertville 1992  >

Summer

<  Los Angeles 1984 Seoul 1988  >

The 1988 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XV Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XVes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a Winter Olympics multi-sport event celebrated in and around Calgary, Alberta, Canada, between February 13 and 28, 1988 and were the first Winter Olympics to be held over a whole two week period. The host city was selected in 1981 over Falun, Sweden, and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. Most events took place in Calgary
Calgary
while several skiing events were held in the mountain resorts of Nakiska
Nakiska
and Canmore, west of the city. A then-record 57 nations competed and 1,423 athletes participated. As it had in Montreal
Montreal
in 1976, Canada
Canada
again failed to win a gold medal in an official medal event as the host nation. Finnish ski jumper Matti Nykänen and Dutch speed skater Yvonne van Gennip
Yvonne van Gennip
were individual medal leaders with each winning three gold medals. The games are also remembered for the "heroic failure" of British ski jumper Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards, and the Winter Olympic début of the Jamaica
Jamaica
national bobsled team, both of which would be subjects of major feature films about their participation in the games. The Calgary
Calgary
games were at the time one of the most expensive Olympics ever held, but the organizing committee turned record television and sponsorship revenue into a net surplus that was used to maintain the facilities built for the Olympics and develop the Calgary
Calgary
region into the heart of Canada's elite winter sports program. The five purpose-built venues continue to be used in their original functions, and have helped the country develop into one of the top nations in Winter Olympic competition; Canada
Canada
more than quintupled the five medals it won in Calgary
Calgary
at the 2010 games, the next Winter Olympics hosted on Canadian soil in Vancouver. Calgary
Calgary
is the largest city to host the Winter Olympics; however, the census metropolitan area of Greater Vancouver
Greater Vancouver
could also be considered the largest metropolitan area to host the Winter Olympics. Nonetheless, this title will soon to be turned over to Beijing
Beijing
in 2022.

Contents

1 Host city selection 2 Venues 3 Preparations

3.1 Television 3.2 Ticketing controversies 3.3 Community 3.4 Finances

4 Torch relay 5 Event highlights 6 Participating National Olympic Committees 7 Calendar 8 Medal table 9 Legacy

9.1 Impact on Calgary 9.2 Canada's development as a winter sport nation

10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links 14 Further reading

Host city selection[edit] Main article: Bids for the 1988 Winter Olympics

1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
bidding results[1]

City Country Round 1 Round 2

Calgary  Canada 35 48

Falun  Sweden 25 31

Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 18 —

The bid for the 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
was Canada's seventh attempt at hosting a winter games and Calgary's fourth. Previous bids representing Montreal
Montreal
(1956) and Vancouver
Vancouver
(1976 and 1980) bookended failed attempts by the Calgary
Calgary
Olympic Development Association (CODA) to host the 1964, 1968 and 1972 games.[2] The CODA became dormant in 1966 after losing its bid for the 1972 Olympics, but was revived in 1979 under the leadership of Frank King to bid for the 1988 games.[3] Calgary
Calgary
earned the right to bid on behalf of Canada
Canada
by the Canadian Olympic Association (COA), defeating a rival challenge from a group representing Vancouver. The defeated organizing group lamented that they lost to Calgary's "big-ticket games"; the Calgary
Calgary
bid proposed to spend nearly three times what the Vancouver
Vancouver
group expected to pay to host the Olympics.[4] The CODA then spent two years building local support for the project, selling memberships to 80,000 of the city's 600,000 residents.[1] It secured C$270 million in funding from the federal and provincial governments while civic leaders, including Mayor Ralph Klein, crisscrossed the world attempting to woo International Olympic Committee (IOC) delegates.[3] Driven by the arrival of the National Hockey League's Calgary
Calgary
Flames, the city had already begun constructing an Olympic coliseum (later named the Olympic Saddledome) prior to the IOC vote, an action that demonstrated Calgary's determination to host the games and positively influenced delegates.[5] The city was one of three finalists, opposed by the Swedish community of Falun
Falun
and Cortina d'Ampezzo, the Italian town that hosted the 1956 Winter Olympics.[3] The vote was held September 30, 1981, at Baden-Baden, West Germany, during the 84th IOC Session
IOC Session
and 11th Olympic Congress. After Cortina d'Ampezzo was eliminated in the first round of balloting, Calgary
Calgary
won the right to host the games over Falun
Falun
by a 48–31 vote.[1] The announcement of the CODA's victory sent delegates in Baden-Baden
Baden-Baden
and residents of Calgary
Calgary
into celebration.[6] It was the first Winter Olympics awarded to Canada, and the second games overall, following the 1976 Summer Olympics
1976 Summer Olympics
in Montreal.[7] Venues[edit]

The IIHF called the Olympic Saddledome
Olympic Saddledome
"the finest international rink in the world". It is also the largest hockey arena ever used at the Olympics with a capacity of 20,016 in 1988.[8]

Main article: Venues of the 1988 Winter Olympics McMahon Stadium, Calgary's primary outdoor facility, was the site of both the opening and closing ceremonies, the first time in 28 years that the same venue hosted both events.[9] Three other existing venues served as secondary facilities: The Max Bell Centre hosted the demonstration events of curling and short track speed skating. The Father David Bauer Olympic Arena
Father David Bauer Olympic Arena
hosted some ice hockey matches, as did the Stampede Corral, which also played host to some figure skating events.[9] Though the Corral did not support the size of the International Ice Hockey Federation
International Ice Hockey Federation
(IIHF)'s standard ice surface, the Calgary
Calgary
Organizing Committee (Olympiques Calgary
Calgary
Olympics '88 or OCO'88) was able to convince the IIHF to sanction the arena in exchange for a $1.2 million payment.[10] The Games' five primary venues were all purpose-built however, at significant cost.[11] The Olympic Saddledome
Olympic Saddledome
was the primary venue for ice hockey and figure skating. Located at Stampede Park, the facility was expected to cost $83 million but cost overruns pushed the facility to nearly $100 million.[9] The Olympic Oval
Olympic Oval
was built on the campus of the University of Calgary. It was the first fully enclosed 400-metre speed skating venue in the world as it was necessary to protect against the possibility of either bitter cold temperatures or ice-melting chinook winds.[10] Seven world and three Olympic records were broken during the Games, resulting in the facility earning praise as "the fastest ice on Earth".[9] Canada
Canada
Olympic Park was built on the western outskirts of Calgary
Calgary
and hosted bobsled, luge, ski jumping and freestyle skiing. It was the most expensive facility built for the games, costing $200 million.[9] Two facilities were built west of Calgary, in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. The Canmore Nordic Centre
Canmore Nordic Centre
was 90-percent funded by the Province of Alberta
Alberta
at a cost of $17.3 million. Located near the community of Canmore it was built with the intention that it would become a year-round recreation destination for Albertans. The facility hosted cross-country skiing, biathlon and Nordic combined
Nordic combined
events.[12] Nakiska
Nakiska
(Cree for "to meet") was the most controversial facility built.[10] The province paid the $25 million construction cost for the alpine skiing facility on Mount Allan, about an hour west of Calgary.[13] It was initially criticized for the location's relative lack of snow, requiring artificial snow making machines to be installed, and for an initial lack of technical difficulty.[10] International Ski Federation
International Ski Federation
officials proposed modifications to the courses that ultimately met with praise from competitors.[14] Preparations[edit] Television[edit] The Calgary
Calgary
Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
were the first winter games to earn a significant television revenue base; where the 1980 Lake Placid Games generated only US$20.7 million worldwide, OCO'88 generated $324.9 million in broadcast rights.[15] The overwhelming majority of television revenues came from the American Broadcasting Company
American Broadcasting Company
(ABC), which agreed in 1984 to pay $309 million for American television rights, over three times the $91.5 million it paid for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.[16] The deal, at the time the highest amount ever paid for a sporting event, allowed organizers to announce the Games would be debt-free.[17] The CTV Television Network
CTV Television Network
paid C$4.5 million for Canadian rights and to act as the host broadcaster.[18] The games were also televised on CBC. While western European nations paid US$5.7 million combined.[19] OCO'88 made several alterations to the Olympic program as part of efforts to ensure value for its broadcast partners. Premier events, including ice hockey and figure skating, were scheduled for prime time and the Games were lengthened to 16 days from the previous 12 to ensure three weekends of coverage.[20] However, a significant downturn in advertising revenue for sporting events resulted in ABC forecasting significant financial losses on the Games. Calgary
Calgary
organizers appreciated their fortunate timing in signing the deal. King described the timing of the contract with ABC as "the passing of the sun and the moon at the right time for Calgary."[19] ABC lost an estimated $60 million, and broadcast rights to the 1992 Winter Olympics
1992 Winter Olympics
were later sold to the CBS
CBS
network for $243 million, a 20% reduction compared to Calgary.[21] Ticketing controversies[edit] A series of ticket-related scandals plagued the organizing committee as the Games approached, resulting in widespread public anger.[22] Demand for tickets was high, particularly for the premier events which had sold out a year in advance. Residents had been promised that only 10 percent of tickets would go to "Olympic insiders", IOC officials and sponsors, but OCO'88 was later forced to admit that up to 50 percent of seats to top events had gone to insiders.[10] The organizing committee, which was subsequently chastised by mayor Klein for running a "closed shop", admitted that it had failed to properly communicate the obligations it had to supply IOC officials and sponsors with priority tickets.[23] These events were preceded by OCO'88's ticketing manager being charged with theft and fraud after he sent modified ticket request forms to Americans that asked them to pay in United States funds rather than Canadian and to return them to his company's post office box rather than that of the organizing committee.[24] Organizers attempted to respond to public concern by asking sponsors to consider reducing their orders and by paying $1.5 million to add 2,600 seats to the Saddledome. King also noted that the Calgary
Calgary
Games offered a then-record 1.7 million tickets for sale, three times the amount available at Sarajevo or Lake Placid, and that 82 percent of them were going to Calgarians.[23] By their start, a Winter Games' record of over 1.4 million tickets had been sold,[25] a figure that eclipsed the previous three Winter Games combined.[26] Community[edit]

Hidy and Howdy
Hidy and Howdy
were the mascots of the Calgary
Calgary
Games.

The city, which already had a strong volunteering tradition with the annual Calgary
Calgary
Stampede, also relied heavily on volunteers to run the Olympics. Over 22,000 people signed up to fill 9,400 positions, no matter how inglorious: doctors, lawyers and executives offered to clean manure dropped by horses at the opening ceremonies.[27] Many residents participated in a "Homestay" program, opening their homes to visitors from around the world and renting rooms to those who could not stay in a hotel.[10] Klein was among those who felt it necessary that the event be community driven, a decision which allowed the city's welcoming spirit to manifest.[28] The Games' mascots, Hidy and Howdy, were designed to evoke images of "western hospitality".[29] The smiling, cowboy-themed polar bears were popular across Canada. Played by a team of students from Bishop Carroll High School, the sister-brother pair made up to 300 appearances per month in the lead up to the Games.[30] From their introduction at the closing ceremonies of the Sarajevo Games in 1984 until their retirement at the conclusion of the Calgary
Calgary
Games, the pair made about 50,000 appearances.[31] The iconic mascots graced signs welcoming travelers to Calgary
Calgary
for nearly two decades until they were replaced in 2007.[32] Finances[edit] Held at a price of C$829 million, the Calgary
Calgary
Olympics cost more to stage than any previous Games, summer or winter.[25] The high cost was anticipated, as organizers were aware at the outset of their bid that most facilities would have to be constructed.[4] The venues, constructed primarily with public money, were designed to have lasting use beyond the Games and were planned to become the home of several of Canada's national winter sports teams.[33] The Games were a major economic boon for the city which had fallen into its worst recession in 40 years following the collapse of both oil and grain prices in the mid-1980s.[26][34] A report prepared for the city in January 1985 estimated the games would create 11,100 man-years of employment and generate C$450-million in salaries and wages.[35] In its post-Games report, OCO'88 estimated the Olympics created C$1.4 billion in economic benefits across Canada
Canada
during the 1980s, 70 percent within Alberta, as a result of capital spending, increased tourism and new sporting opportunities created by the facilities.[36] Torch relay[edit]

The Olympic torch
Olympic torch
on display

The 1988 Olympic torch
Olympic torch
relay began on November 15, 1987, when the torch was lit at Olympia and Greek runner Stellos Bisbas began what was called "the longest torch run in history".[37] The flame arrived in St. John's, Newfoundland on the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
two days later and over 88 days, traveled west across Canada. It passed through most major cities, north to the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
at Inuvik, Northwest Territories, then west to the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
at Victoria, British Columbia before returning east to Alberta, and finally Calgary.[38] The torch covered a distance of 18,000 kilometres (11,000 mi), the greatest distance for a torch relay in Olympic history until the 2000 Sydney Games, and a sharp contrast to the 1976 Montreal
Montreal
Games when the relay covered only 775 kilometres (482 mi).[39] Relay sponsor Petro Canada
Canada
issued entry forms allowing citizens the chance to become one of 6,214 people to carry the torch for 1 kilometre (0.62 mi). Organizers, who initially expected to receive 250,000 entries, were inundated with over 6.6 million forms and called the response a sign that the Olympics had "fired the imagination of Canada".[40] The relay, called "Share the Flame", also saw the torch travel by boat, snowmobile and dogsled.[41]

Map of torch relay, starting from St. John's in the East. (Key: land, air.)

The relay was subject to peaceful protests by members and supporters of the Lubicon Cree First Nation
First Nation
at several stops in Ontario and Alberta
Alberta
in protest of ongoing land claim disputes between the band and the Crown, as well as discontent over an exhibit at Calgary's Glenbow Museum called "The Spirit Sings" that featured numerous artifacts stolen from native land.[41] The identity of the final torchbearer who would light the Olympic cauldron was one of OCO'88's most closely guarded secrets.[42] The relay began at St. John's with Barbara Ann Scott
Barbara Ann Scott
and Ferd Hayward representing Canada's past Olympians, and ended with Ken Read and Cathy Priestner
Cathy Priestner
carrying the torch into McMahon Stadium
McMahon Stadium
representing the nation's current Olympians. They then stopped to acknowledge the contribution of para-athlete Rick Hansen
Rick Hansen
and his "Man in Motion" tour [43] before handing the torch to 12-year-old Robyn Perry, an aspiring figure skater who was selected to represent future Olympians, to light the cauldron.[42] The choice of Perry was an unusual departure from most Games as the cauldron has typically been lit by a famous individual or group from the host nation.[44] Constructed of maple and aluminum, the torch was designed to remain lit despite the sometimes adverse conditions of Canadian winters.[45] It was modeled after the Calgary
Calgary
Tower, constructed entirely of Canadian materials and designed to be light enough for the relay runners to carry comfortably.[46] The Calgary
Calgary
Tower itself was retrofitted to install a cauldron at its peak and was lit for the duration of the Games, one of several "replica cauldrons" constructed at Olympic venues throughout Calgary
Calgary
and Canmore.[47]

Event highlights[edit] There were 46 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines).

1988 Olympic Winter Games Sports Programme

Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
(10) (details) Biathlon
Biathlon
(3) (details) Bobsleigh
Bobsleigh
(2) (details) Cross-country skiing
Cross-country skiing
(8) (details) Figure skating
Figure skating
(4) (details) Ice hockey
Ice hockey
(1) (details) Luge
Luge
(3) (details) Nordic combined
Nordic combined
(2) (details) Ski jumping
Ski jumping
(3) (details) Speed skating
Speed skating
(10) (details)

Demonstration Sports (No official medals awarded)

Curling
Curling
(2) (details) Disabled skiing (4) (details) Freestyle skiing
Freestyle skiing
(6) (details) Short track speed skating
Short track speed skating
(10) (details)

The 1988 Winter Games began on February 13 with a $10 million opening ceremony that featured 5,500 performers,[48] an aerial flyover by the Royal Canadian Air Force's Snowbirds,[49] the parade of nations and the release of 1,000 homing pigeons.[48] Canadian composer David Foster performed the instrumental theme song ("Winter Games") and its vocal counterpart ("Can't You Feel It?"),[50] while internationally recognized Canadian folk/country musicians Gordon Lightfoot
Gordon Lightfoot
and Ian Tyson were among the featured performers.[51] Governor General Jeanne Sauvé opened the Games on behalf of Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
as an estimated 1.5 billion people watched the ceremony.[52][53]

Katarina Witt
Katarina Witt
won gold in women's figure skating

The weather was a dominant story throughout much of the Games, as strong chinook winds that brought daily temperatures as high as 17 °C (63 °F) wreaked havoc on the schedules for outdoor events. Events were delayed when winds were deemed unsafe for competitors and organizers used artificial snow making equipment to ensure skiing venues were properly prepared.[54] It was the first time in Olympic history that alpine events were held on artificial snow.[55] The Games were also marred by the death of the Austrian ski team's doctor, Joerg Oberhammer, on February 25 after a collision with another skier sent him crashing into a snow grooming machine at Nakiska, crushing and killing him instantly. The incident was ruled an accident.[56] The top individual competitors at the Olympics were Finnish ski jumper Matti Nykänen
Matti Nykänen
and Dutch speed skater Yvonne van Gennip
Yvonne van Gennip
as they each won three gold medals.[55] Italy's Alberto Tomba
Alberto Tomba
won gold in two skiing events, his first of five career Olympic medals en route to becoming the first alpine skier to win medals at three Winter Games.[57] East Germany's Katarina Witt
Katarina Witt
defended her 1984 gold medal in women's figure skating, capturing a second gold in Calgary.[57] Her compatriot Christa Rothenburger won the gold medal in the 1000 metre race in speed skating, then went on to win a silver medal in the team sprint cycling event at the 1988 Summer Games to become the only person in Olympic history to win medals at both Olympic Games
Olympic Games
in the same year.[55] The Soviet Union won gold in hockey as Scandinavian neighbours Finland and Sweden
Sweden
took silver and bronze, respectively.[58] As it had in 1976, Canada
Canada
again failed to win an official gold medal as the host of an Olympic Games.[59] Canadians won two gold medals in demonstration events, including by Sylvie Daigle as one of her five medals in short-track speed skating.[60] Canada's top official performances came in figure skating where Brian Orser
Brian Orser
and Elizabeth Manley each won silver medals. Promoted by the media as the "Battle of the Brians", the competition between Orser and American rival Brian Boitano was the marquee event of the Games. Boitano won the gold medal over Orser by only one-tenth of a point.[61] Manley was not viewed as a medal contender, but skated the greatest performance of her career to come within a fraction of Witt's gold medal winning score.[57] American speed skater Dan Jansen's personal tragedy was one of the more poignant events of the Games as he skated the 500 metre race mere hours after his sister Jane died of leukemia.[62] A gold medal favourite, Jansen chose to compete as he felt it is what his sister would have wanted. Viewers around the world witnessed his heartbreak as he fell and crashed into the outer wall in the first quarter of his heat.[63] In the 1000 metre race four days later, Jansen was on a world record pace when he again fell. After failing again in Albertville, Jansen finally won a gold medal at the 1994 Lillehamer Games.[64]

The Netherlands' Yvonne van Gennip
Yvonne van Gennip
(left) won three gold medals in Calgary

One of the most popular athletes from the games was British ski jumper Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards, who gained infamy by placing last in both the 70 and 90 metre events finishing 70 and 53 points behind his next closest competitor, respectively.[57][65] Edwards' "heroic failure" made him an instant celebrity; he went from earning £6,000 per year as a plasterer before the Games to making £10,000 per hour per appearance afterward.[66] Left embarrassed by the spectacle he created, the International Ski Federation
International Ski Federation
altered the rules following Calgary
Calgary
to eliminate each nation's right to send at least one athlete and set minimum competition standards for future events.[67] Regardless, the President of the Organizing Committee, Frank King, playfully saluted Edwards' unorthodox sporting legacy, which would also be commemorated with a 2016 feature film, Eddie the Eagle. The Jamaican bobsleigh team, making their nation's Winter Olympic debut, was also popular in Calgary.[57] The team was the brainchild of a pair of Americans who recruited individuals with strong sprinting ability from the Jamaican military to form the team.[68] Dudley Stokes and Michael White finished the two-man event in 30th place out of 41 competitors and launched the Jamaican team into worldwide fame.[57] The pair, along with Devon Harris and Chris Stokes crashed in the four-man event, but were met with cheers from the crowd as they pushed their sled across the finish line.[68] Their odyssey was made into the 1993 movie Cool Runnings, a largely fictionalized comedy by Walt Disney Pictures.[69] Participating National Olympic Committees[edit] A record 57 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) entered athletes at the 1988 Calgary
Calgary
Olympics, 8 more than appeared at any previous Olympic Winter Games.[70] 1,423 athletes participated in 46 events: 1,122 men and 301 women.[71] Fiji, Guam, Guatemala, Jamaica, the Netherlands Antilles and the Virgin Islands
Virgin Islands
had their Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
debut.LA

Participating NOCs

Participating National Olympic Committees

 Andorra (4)  Argentina (16)  Australia (24)  Austria (81)  Belgium (4)  Bolivia (7)  Bulgaria (31)  Canada (113) (host)  Chile (6)  China (20)  Chinese Taipei (13)  Costa Rica (2)  Cyprus (3)  Czechoslovakia (59)  Denmark (1)  Fiji (1)  Finland (53)  France (68)  East Germany (53)  West Germany (90)  Great Britain (47)  Greece (7)  Guam (1)  Guatemala (7)  Hungary (6)  Iceland (3)  India (3)  Italy (58)  Jamaica (6)  Japan (48)  North Korea (6)  South Korea (33)  Lebanon (4)  Liechtenstein (13)  Luxembourg (1)  Mexico (12)  Monaco (4)  Mongolia (3)  Morocco (3)  Netherlands (23)  Netherlands Antilles (3)  New Zealand (11)  Norway (80)  Philippines (1)  Poland (33)  Portugal (5)  Puerto Rico (10)  Romania (14)  San Marino (5)  Soviet Union (101)  Spain (13)  Sweden (67)  Switzerland (70)  Turkey (8)  United States (118)  Virgin Islands (8)  Yugoslavia (23)

Calendar[edit]

All dates are in Mountain Time Zone
Mountain Time Zone
(UTC-7)

OC Opening ceremony ● Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony

February 13th Sat 14th Sun 15th Mon 16th Tue 17th Wed 18th Thu 19th Fri 20th Sat 21st Sun 22nd Mon 23rd Tue 24th Wed 25th Thu 26th Fri 27th Sat 28th Sun Events

Ceremonies OC

CC N/A

Alpine skiing

1 ● 1

1 ● 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

10

Biathlon

1

1

1

3

Bobsleigh

● 1

● 1 2

Cross country skiing

1 1

1

1

1 1

1

1

8

Figure skating

1 ● ●

1 ● ● 1 ● ●

1

4

Ice hockey ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1

Luge

● 1 ● 1

1

3

Nordic combined

● 1

● 1 2

Ski jumping

1

1

1

3

Speed skating

1

1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 10

Daily medal events

4 2 2 4 2 2 5 4 3 3 2 2 3 4 4 46

Cumulative total

4 6 8 12 14 16 21 25 28 31 33 35 38 42 46

February 13th Sat 14th Sun 15th Mon 16th Tue 17th Wed 18th Thu 19th Fri 20th Sat 21st Sun 22nd Mon 23rd Tue 24th Wed 25th Thu 26th Fri 27th Sat 28th Sun Total events

Medal table[edit] Further information: 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
medal table

A set of medals from the Games on display at the Scotiabank Saddledome in Calgary.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total

1  Soviet Union (URS) 11 9 9 29

2  East Germany (GDR) 9 10 6 25

3  Switzerland (SUI) 5 5 5 15

4  Finland (FIN) 4 1 2 7

5  Sweden (SWE) 4 0 2 6

6  Austria (AUT) 3 5 2 10

7  Netherlands (NED) 3 2 2 7

8  West Germany (FRG) 2 4 2 8

9  United States (USA) 2 1 3 6

10  Italy (ITA) 2 1 2 5

13  Canada (CAN) 0 2 3 5

Legacy[edit]

Canada
Canada
Olympic Park in 2006

Prior to Calgary, the Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
were viewed as a second-rate event compared to their summer counterpart, so much so that the IOC had at one point considered eliminating them entirely.[20] Few cities bid on the Winter Games due to challenges faced in generating revenue.[72] In its bid for the Games, CODA convinced the IOC that it could not only generate enough revenue to turn a profit, but enough of one to ensure a lasting legacy of winter sport development.[20] Organizers followed the lead of their counterparts in Los Angeles for the 1984 Summer Olympics, attracting a large television contract in the United States and was the first host city to benefit from a change in the IOC's strategy on corporate sponsorship.[72] The Calgary
Calgary
Games attracted support from over two dozen major Canadian and multinational corporations, generating millions of dollars in revenues.[18] Many program changes were made in Calgary
Calgary
to grow the appeal of the Winter Games for sponsors: the extension to 16 days from 12 added an extra weekend of coverage, while the additional programming time was filled by television friendly demonstration events popular in Canada. The exposure curling, freestyle skiing and short-track speed skating gained in Calgary
Calgary
influenced the growth in their popularity and led to all three becoming full medal sports by 1998.[72] Impact on Calgary[edit] Hosting the Games helped fuel a significant increase in Calgary's reputation on the world stage.[28] Crosbie Cotton, a reporter for the Calgary
Calgary
Herald who covered the city's Olympic odyssey from its bid to the closing ceremonies, noted a change in the attitude of the city's population over time. He believed that the populace began to outgrow its "giant inferiority complex" that is "typically Canadian", replacing it with a new level of confidence as the Games approached.[73] They helped the city grow from a regional oil and gas centre best known for the Calgary
Calgary
Stampede to a destination for international political, economic and sporting events.[28] A study prepared for the organizing committee of the 2010 Vancouver
Vancouver
Olympics claimed that Calgary
Calgary
hosted over 200 national and international sporting competitions between 1987 and 2007 due to the facilities it had constructed for the Olympics.[74] The Games' enduring popularity within Calgary
Calgary
has been attributed to efforts to make them "everybody's Games". Aside from the sense of community fostered by the level of volunteer support, organizers included the public in other ways. People were given opportunity to purchase a brick with their names engraved on it and used to build Olympic Plaza, where medal ceremonies were held in 1988. It remains a popular public park and event site in the city's downtown.[75] Members of the community have attempted to bring a second Winter Games to the city. Calgary
Calgary
offered to take over the 2002 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
after a bribery scandal resulted in speculation that Salt Lake City would be unable to remain the host.[76] The city also made an effort to bid for the 2010 Games on Canada's behalf, losing to Vancouver.[77] A 2013 Calgary
Calgary
Sun online poll found that 81% of respondents would support the city hosting a second Olympics.[78] Canada's development as a winter sport nation[edit]

Canada
Canada
increased its medal totals in each successive Winter Games from Calgary
Calgary
until Vancouver
Vancouver
in 2010.

Mindful of the financial disaster the Montreal
Montreal
Olympics became, OCO'88 parlayed its ability to generate television and sponsorship revenues and government support into what was ultimately a C$170 million surplus.[20] (The claim of a surplus has frequently been challenged as OCO'88 counted only its own revenues and expenses and did not include government funded facilities in its accounting.[79]) The surplus was turned into endowment funds split between Canada
Canada
Olympic Park ($110 million) and CODA, which was reformed following the Games to manage the Olympic facilities with a trust fund that had subsequently grown to be worth over $200 million by 2013.[20] Consequently, all five of the primary facilities built for the 1988 Olympics remained operational in their original intended purpose 25 years after the Games concluded.[80] Calgary
Calgary
and Canmore became the heart of winter sport in Canada
Canada
as CODA (now known as Winsport Canada) established itself as the nation's leader in developing elite athletes; in 2006, one-quarter of Canada's Olympic athletes were from the Calgary
Calgary
region and three-quarters of its medalists were from or trained in Alberta.[74] Canada
Canada
was not a winter sport power in 1988; the nation's five medals in Calgary
Calgary
was its second best total at a Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
behind the seven it won at the 1932 Lake Placid Games.[7] After 1988, Canada
Canada
won an increasing number of medals at each successive Olympics,[81] culminating in a 26-medal performance in 2010 that included a Winter Olympic record of 14 gold medals, one more than the previous record holders Soviet Union (1976) and Norway (2002).[82] In 2018 in Pyeongchang, South Korea, Team Canada
Canada
earned its highest count of medals in the Winter Olympics with a total of 29 medals.[83] See also[edit]

Sport in Canada
Canada
portal

Olympics portal

1988 Winter Paralympics 1988 Summer Paralympics 1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games
Olympic Games
celebrated in Canada

1976 Summer Olympics
1976 Summer Olympics
– Montreal 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
– Calgary 2010 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
– Vancouver

Winter Olympic Games Olympic Games International Olympic Committee List of IOC country codes

Notes[edit]

a The figure in parentheses represents the number of athletes each nation brought to the Games, including both medal and demonstration sports and whether or not they competed, as recorded in the XV Olympic Winter Games Official Report.[84]

References[edit]

^ a b c "Seoul chosen in easy vote for 1988 Summer Olympics", The Record-Journal (Meriden, CT), p. 17, 1981-10-01, retrieved 2013-02-14  ^ Cotton, Crosbie (1981-09-30), " Canada
Canada
missed six prior bids", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. A19  ^ a b c Cotton, Crosbie (1981-09-30), "Around the world, CODA has given its best shot", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. A19  ^ a b " Vancouver
Vancouver
loses to 'big-ticket' Games", Vancouver
Vancouver
Sun, p. F7, 1979-10-29, retrieved 2013-02-14  ^ OCO'88 1988, p. 153 ^ Cotton, Crosbie (1981-10-01), "Delighted delegates dance 'victory stomp'", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. A1, retrieved 2013-02-14  ^ a b National Olympic Committees: Canada, International Olympic Committee, retrieved 2013-02-14  ^ Podnieks 2009, p. 149 ^ a b c d e "Building on the Olympic Legacy", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, pp. A15–A16, 2013-02-09  ^ a b c d e f Swift, E. M. (1987-03-09), "Countdown to the Cowtown hoedown", Sports Illustrated, retrieved 2013-02-14  ^ Gerlach 2004, p. 120 ^ OCO'88 1988, p. 101 ^ Ireland, Joanne (1986-12-11), "Mt. Allan weathers criticism", Edmonton Journal, p. E7, retrieved 2013-02-14  ^ OCO'88 1988, p. 137 ^ Gerlach 2004, p. 119 ^ "ABC gets 1988 Winter Games", Sarasota Herald-Tribune, p. 12B, 1984-01-25, retrieved 2013-02-15  ^ "'88 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
debt free thanks to television contract", The Daily Times (Portsmouth, OH), p. 9, 1984-01-25, retrieved 2013-02-15  ^ a b Perricone, Mike (1986-12-28), "Snags hit Winter Olympics", Chicago Sun-Times, retrieved 2013-02-15  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ a b Powers, John (1987-02-22), "No gold for ABC; Network to take Olympic-sized bath on rights fee", Boston Globe, retrieved 2013-02-15  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ a b c d e Kaufmann, Bill (2013-02-10), "The legacy games", Calgary Sun: 88 ...when the world came to Calgary, pp. 3–6  ^ " CBS
CBS
Wins Rights to '92 Games; $243 Million Paid For Winter Olympics", Washington Post, 1988-05-25, retrieved 2013-02-18  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ "Scandals plague Calgary
Calgary
Games", Spokane Spokesman-Review, p. 29, 1987-02-13, retrieved 2013-02-18  ^ a b Powers, John (1987-03-18), "Olympic tickets, not weather, an issue in Calgary", Beaver County Times, p. 2, retrieved 2013-02-18  ^ "Olympics' ticket boss faces fraud, theft charges", Edmonton Journal, p. A1, 1986-10-31, retrieved 2013-02-18  ^ a b Powers, John (1988-02-12), " Calgary
Calgary
has a warm reception for Games", Boston Globe, retrieved 2013-02-23  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ a b Janofsky, Michael (1988-02-04), "Winter Olympics: boom or bust", The Age (Melbourne), Green Guide, p. 8, retrieved 2013-02-23  ^ Denton, Herbert H. (1988-02-27), "In 'Olympic City', a passion to be the perfect host", Washington Post, retrieved 2013-02-20  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ a b c Ferguson, Eva (2013-02-08), "A city transformed", Calgary Herald, p. A13  ^ "It's Hidy, Howdy", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. A1, 1984-01-30, retrieved 2013-02-20  ^ Clarke, Norm (1987-11-05), " Hidy and Howdy
Hidy and Howdy
from the Calgary Olympics", Spokane Spokesman-Review, p. C2, retrieved 2013-02-20  ^ OCO'88 1988, p. 259 ^ " Hidy and Howdy
Hidy and Howdy
still crowd favourite", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, January 7, 2008, archived from the original on November 30, 2015, retrieved February 20, 2013  ^ Anderson, Merv (1984-01-26), "Winter Games to jump-start the economy", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. H5, retrieved 2013-02-23  ^ Burns, John F. (1987-02-22), "A year to go; Enthusiasm prevails, but concerns remain", New York Times, retrieved 2013-03-03  ^ Maychak, Matt (1985-04-13), "Deja vu for Calgary
Calgary
Olympics?", Windsor Star, p. E3, retrieved 2013-03-03  ^ OCO'88 1988, p. 79 ^ " Olympic torch
Olympic torch
begins journey to 1988 Winter Games", The Item (Sumter, SC), p. 4B, 1987-11-16, retrieved 2013-03-10  ^ Dunn 1987, p. 125 ^ Factsheet: The Olympic torch
Olympic torch
relay (PDF), International Olympic Committee, 2012, pp. 4–7, retrieved 2013-03-10  ^ Ferguson, Derek (1987-04-15), "6.6 million applications made to tote Calgary
Calgary
Olympic torch", Toronto Star, p. A1, retrieved 2013-03-10 (subscription required) ^ a b Gerlach 2004, p. 121 ^ a b Busby, Ian (2013-02-13), "Secret Service", Calgary
Calgary
Sun, p. S3  ^ http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/base-de-donnees/olympiens/001064-119.01-e.php?q1=%22Hanson%2C+Rick%22&c1=athlete_list&brws=1&brws_s=1&PHPSESSID=b1p8aroa7dr5dd1jc6ol2vo0u7 ^ They lit the flame: torch carriers of the last 20 years, Associated Press, 2004-08-12, retrieved 2013-10-13  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Bradley, Jeff (1987-11-18), "Torch run starts Calgary
Calgary
Olympics", Spokane Spokesman-Review, p. D1, retrieved 2013-03-26  ^ Norris, Alexander (1986-11-29), "Ottawa research team basks in glow of Olympic torch", Ottawa Citizen, p. A10, retrieved 2013-03-26  ^ Joynt, Jerry (2013-02-09), "Tower flame kept secret until end", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. A17  ^ a b Janofsky, Michael (1988-02-13), "Spruced-Up Calgary
Calgary
Is Ready to Light the Torch", New York Times, retrieved 2013-03-11  ^ Dempsey 2002, p. 597 ^ OCO'88 1988, p. 297 ^ Olympic Ceremonies: Calgary
Calgary
1988, Government of Canada, archived from the original on November 20, 2013, retrieved March 18, 2013  ^ "16 days in February... Day 1", Calgary
Calgary
Sun: 88 ...when the world came to Calgary, p. 8, 2013-02-10  ^ PM: Governor General will open Vancouver
Vancouver
Olympics, Associated Press, 2009-06-28, retrieved 2013-03-18  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Gaul, John (1988-02-25), "Chinook allows events to breeze along", Sydney Morning Herald, p. 44, retrieved 2013-03-11  ^ a b c Wallechinsky & Loucky 2009, p. 7 ^ "Austrian ski team's doctor killed in accident", Lakeland Ledger, p. 4D, 1988-02-27, retrieved 2013-03-11  ^ a b c d e f "Where are they now?", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. A14, 2013-02-08  ^ Wallechinsky & Loucky 2009, p. 32 ^ Canada
Canada
at the Winter Olympics, Historica-Dominion Institute of Canada, retrieved 2013-03-11  ^ Celebrating women's achievements – Sylvie Daigle, Library and Archives Canada, retrieved 2013-03-11  ^ Busby, Ian (2013-02-19), " Calgary
Calgary
'88 Day 8 -- The Battle of the Brians", Calgary
Calgary
Sun, retrieved 2013-03-11  ^ Weinberg, Rick, 87: Jansen falls after learning of sister's death, ESPN, retrieved 2013-03-13  ^ Montville, Leigh (1988-02-15), "Jansen's day of tragedy", Boston Globe, retrieved 2013-03-13  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Odland, Kristen (2008-02-10), "Jansen's journey to new life", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, retrieved 2013-03-13 [permanent dead link] ^ OCO'88 1988, pp. 600–603 ^ McGrath, Nick (2012-02-19), "Eddie the Eagle: 'I went from £6,000 a year to £10,000 an hour'", The Telegraph (London), retrieved 2013-03-13  ^ Fryer, Jane (2007-09-14), "Taking flight: Eddie The Eagle in action in the run-up to the 1988 Calgary
Calgary
Olympics", Daily Mail (London), retrieved 2013-03-13  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ a b Busby, Ian (2013-02-21), "Jamaican bobsleigh team won over Calgary
Calgary
crowds", Calgary
Calgary
Sun, retrieved 2013-03-13  ^ Harrington, Richard (1993-10-01), "'Cool Runnings': Miracle on Sand", Washington Post, retrieved 2013-03-13  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Phillips, Angus (1988-02-07), " Calgary
Calgary
Stands Proud, Ready as Olympics Host; Smiles Prevail in Sub-Zero Conditions", Washington Post, retrieved 2013-03-26  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Calgary
Calgary
1988, International Olympic Committee, retrieved 2013-03-26  ^ a b c Nilson, Chris (2013-02-09), "A lasting impact on the Games", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, p. A13  ^ Cotton, Crosbie (1988-02-29), "The party's almost over", Sports Illustrated, retrieved 2013-03-16  ^ a b Legacies of North American Olympic Winter Games, May 7, 2007, archived from the original on October 4, 2009, retrieved 2013-03-16  ^ Gorrell, Mike (1996-02-04), "After Falling in Love With the '88 Games, Calgary
Calgary
Still Carries a Torch for the Olympics", Salt Lake Tribune, p. A1  ^ "City of latter-day scandal", The Economist, 1999-01-30, retrieved 2013-03-18  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Vancouver-Whistler to bid for 2010 Winter Games, Associated Press, 1998-12-01, retrieved 2013-03-18  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Moharib, Nadia (2013-02-09), "Olympic dreams still burning for Calgary
Calgary
fans of the Games", Calgary
Calgary
Sun, retrieved 2013-03-18  ^ Walkom, Thomas (1999-02-08), "The Olympic myth of Calgary: Making money; Be prepared to spend, spend, spend is lesson for any host city", Toronto Star, retrieved 2013-03-14 (subscription required) ^ Calgary's 1988 Winter Games legacy thriving, Associated Press, 2013-02-12, retrieved 2013-03-16  – via Highbeam (subscription required) ^ Marsh, James, Winter Olympic Games, Historica-Dominion Institute of Canada, retrieved 2013-03-16  ^ Walde, Paul (2010-02-28), "A record haul, a nation's triumph", Globe and Mail, retrieved 2013-03-16  ^ https://olympics.cbc.ca/news/article/the-2018-olympics-were-big-win-for-canada.html ^ OCO'88 1988, pp. 622–645

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1988 Winter Olympics.

" Calgary
Calgary
1988". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  "Results and Medalists". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  Olympic Review, March 1988 – Official results CBC Digital Archives – The Winter of '88: Calgary's Olympic Games

Further reading[edit]

Dempsey, Daniel V. (2002), A Tradition of Excellence: Canada's Airshow Team Heritage, High Flight Enterprises, ISBN 0-9687817-0-5  Dunn, Bob, ed. (1987), Official Souvenir Program – XV Olympic Winter Games, XV Olympic Winter Games Organizing Committee  Gerlach, Larry (2004), The Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
– From Chamonix to Salt Lake City, The University of Utah Press, ISBN 0-87480-778-6  OCO'88 (1988), XV Olympic Winter Games: Official Report, XV Olympic Winter Games Organizing Committee  Podnieks, Andrew (2009), Canada's Olympic Hockey History 1920–2010, Fenn Publishing, ISBN 1-55168-323-7  Wallechinsky, David; Loucky, Jaime (2009), The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
( Vancouver
Vancouver
Edition – Winter 2010), Greystone Books, ISBN 978-1-55365-502-2 

Preceded by Sarajevo Winter Olympics Calgary XV Olympic Winter Games (1988) Succeeded by Albertville

v t e

Olympic Games

Ceremonies Charter Participating nations

Summer Olympics Winter Olympics

Host cities

Bids Venues

IOC

NOCs Country codes

Medal

Medal tables Medalists Ties Diploma

Scandals and controversies

Colonialism Doping

Sports Symbols

Torch relays Pierre de Coubertin medal

Women Deaths

WWI

Olympic video games

Summer Games

1896 Athens 1900 Paris 1904 St. Louis 1908 London 1912 Stockholm 1916 Berlin 1920 Antwerp 1924 Paris 1928 Amsterdam 1932 Los Angeles 1936 Berlin 1940 Tokyo 1944 London 1948 London 1952 Helsinki 1956 Melbourne 1960 Rome 1964 Tokyo 1968 Mexico City 1972 Munich 1976 Montreal 1980 Moscow 1984 Los Angeles 1988 Seoul 1992 Barcelona 1996 Atlanta 2000 Sydney 2004 Athens 2008 Beijing 2012 London 2016 Rio de Janeiro 2020 Tokyo 2024 Paris 2028 Los Angeles 2032 TBD

Winter Games

1924 Chamonix 1928 St. Moritz 1932 Lake Placid 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1940 Sapporo 1944 Cortina d'Ampezzo 1948 St. Moritz 1952 Oslo 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 1960 Squaw Valley 1964 Innsbruck 1968 Grenoble 1972 Sapporo 1976 Innsbruck 1980 Lake Placid 1984 Sarajevo 1988 Calgary 1992 Albertville 1994 Lillehammer 1998 Nagano 2002 Salt Lake City 2006 Turin 2010 Vancouver 2014 Sochi 2018 Pyeongchang 2022 Beijing 2026 TBD 2030 TBD

Ancient Olympic Games Intercalated Games

1906

Paralympic Games Youth Olympic Games

v t e

 Calgary

Features

Coat of arms Demographics Flag Notable Calgarians Sister cities

History

2013 Calgary
Calgary
flood Hub Oil explosion Fairmont Palliser Mayors 1886 Fire 1988 Winter Olympics Timeline

Geography

Downtown Greater Calgary Neighbourhoods Rocky Mountain Foothills Aspen parkland Elbow River Bow River Prince's Island Park

Economy

WestJet The Bow (skyscraper) Skyscrapers

Politics

City Council Elections Mayor

Public services

Fire Hospitals Police

Education

Calgary
Calgary
Catholic School District Calgary
Calgary
Board of Education List of schools and libraries Calgary
Calgary
Public Library University of Calgary

Culture

Calgary
Calgary
Stampede Calgary
Calgary
White Hat Media Sport

Transportation

Bridges Calgary
Calgary
Transit

CTrain

Calgary
Calgary
International Airport

Category Portal

v t e

Events at the 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
(Calgary)

Alpine skiing Biathlon Bobsleigh Cross‑country skiing Curling
Curling
(demonstration) Disabled skiing (demonstration) Figure skating Freestyle skiing
Freestyle skiing
(demonstration) Ice hockey Luge Nordic combined Short track speed skating
Short track speed skating
(demonstration) Ski jumping Speed skating

v t e

Nations at the 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Calgary, Canada

Africa

Morocco

America

Argentina Bolivia Canada Chile Costa Rica Guatemala Jamaica Mexico Netherlands Antilles Puerto Rico United States Virgin Islands

Asia

China Chinese Taipei India Japan North Korea South Korea Lebanon Mongolia Philippines

Europe

Andorra Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czechoslovakia Denmark Finland France East Germany West Germany Great Britain Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Liechtenstein Luxembourg Monaco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania San Marino Soviet Union Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Yugoslavia

Oceania

Australia Fiji Guam New Zealand

v t e

Venues of the 1988 Winter Olympics

WinSport's Canada
Canada
Olympic Park (bobsleigh/luge track) Canmore Nordic Centre Father David Bauer Olympic Arena Max Bell Arena McMahon Stadium Nakiska Olympic Oval Olympic Saddledome Stampede Corral

v t e

Sports in Canada

Main articles

Sports in Canada Professional sports in Canada Baseball in Canada Basketball in Canada Canadian football Cricket in Canada Cycling in Canada Ice hockey
Ice hockey
in Canada Judo in Canada Lacrosse in Canada Quidditch in Canada Rugby league in Canada Rugby union in Canada Shooting sports in Canada Soccer in Canada Surfing in Canada Volleyball in Canada Canada
Canada
Games

Significant figures

Members of Canada's Sports Hall of Fame Members of Canada's Olympic Hall of Fame Recipients of the Lou Marsh Trophy Team of the Year

Athletes of the 20th century Bobbie Rosenfeld Award
Bobbie Rosenfeld Award
(female) Velma Springstead Trophy (female) Lionel Conacher Award
Lionel Conacher Award
(male) Tip O'Neill Award
Tip O'Neill Award
(baseball)

Canada
Canada
at international competitions

Olympics Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Paralympics Commonwealth Games Pan Am Games Special
Special
Olympics

Summer Olympics stats

1900 1904 1908 1912 1920 1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
stats

1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Paralympics stats (host nation)

1976 2010

Commonwealth Games stats

1930 1950 1982 2006

National sports teams

A1GP Australian football Bandy

men women

Badminton Baseball Basketball (men - women) Cricket (men – women) Field hockey (men – women) Floorball (men - men's U-19 - women) Football Ice hockey
Ice hockey
(men – men's U-20 – women women's U-18) Ice sledge hockey Inline hockey Quidditch Rugby Rugby league Rugby union (sevens) Soccer (men – men's youth – women) Softball (men - women) Squash (men - women) Tennis (Davis Cup - Fed Cup) Volleyball (men – women) Water polo (men – women)

Ice hockey

Canadian Amateur Hockey League NHL Stanley Cup Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup
Finals World Cup of Hockey
World Cup of Hockey
( Canada
Canada
Cup) University Cup

Teams... British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario Quebec New Brunswick Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island Newfoundland and Labrador

Football

CIS football CFL Grey Cup List of Grey Cup
Grey Cup
champions Vanier Cup Teams... Football

Baseball

Teams... Active Baseball teams Defunct baseball teams

Rugby League

Tournaments... Ontario Rugby League British Columbia Rugby League Alberta
Alberta
Rugby League

Other sports

Teams... Basketball Lacrosse Soccer

Tournaments... Golf Motorsport Tennis Cycle Soccer Horse races Curling

Governing bodies

Alpine Canada Archery Athletics Canada Aquatic Federation of Canada Baseball Canada Biathlon
Biathlon
Canada Bobsleigh
Bobsleigh
Canada
Canada
Skeleton Basketball Canadian Blind Sport Association Canadian Canoe Association Canadian Cerebral Palsy Sports Association Curling
Curling
Canada Cycling Canada
Canada
Cyclisme Canadian Dinghy Association Canadian Fencing Federation Canadian Freestyle Ski Association Canadian Interuniversity Sport Canadian Lacrosse Association Canadian Luge
Luge
Association Canadian Olympic Committee Canadian Orienteering Federation Canadian Paralympic Committee Canada
Canada
Rugby League Canadian Snowboard Federation Canadian Soccer Association Canadian Wheelchair Basketball Association Canadian Wheelchair Sports Association Canadian Yachting Association Cricket Canada Cross Country Canada (Canadian Hockey League) Diving Equine Canada Federation of Canadian Archers Field Hockey Canada Floorball Canada Golf Canada Hockey Canada Judo Canada Karate Canada Nordic Combined Ski Canada Quidditch Canada Rowing Canada Rugby Canada Minister of State (Sport) Ski Jumping Canada Skate Canada Shooting Federation of Canada Speed Skating Canada Sport Canada Squash Canada Swimming Natation Canada Synchro Table Tennis Canada Tennis Canada Volleyball Canada Water Polo

Related

Quebec Games Western Canada
Canada
Summer Games ParticipACTION List of stadiums in Canada List of Canada
Canada
Games

Category Portal WikiProject

v t e

TCA Award for Outstanding Achievement in Sports

1984 Summer Olympics
1984 Summer Olympics
(1985) No award given (1986) 1987 America's Cup
1987 America's Cup
(1987) 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
(1988) 1988 Summer Olympics
1988 Summer Olympics
(1989) 1989 World Series
1989 World Series
(1990) 1991 NCAA Final Four (1991) When It Was a Game (1992) Bob Costas
Bob Costas
(1993) 1994 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
(1994) Baseball (1995) SportsCenter
SportsCenter
(1996) SportsCenter
SportsCenter
(1997)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 167761884 LCCN: n89665938 GND: 671979-X SUDOC: 02923333X

1980s portal Olympics portal Canada
Canada
portal Calgary
Calgary
portal Sport in C

.