The 1986 Rous Cup was the second staging of the Rous Cup international football competition, centred on the then-traditional annual game between rivals England and Scotland.
The cup was won by England, who defeated the previous year's winners Scotland 2–1. This was the final time in which the cup would only be contested by the two nations; from 1987 onward, a third team was also invited to participate.
- 90 minutes
- Penalty shoot-out if scores still level
- Five substitutes named, of which two may be used