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The Info List - 1981 Indianapolis 500


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The 65th Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
was held at the Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana
Speedway, Indiana
on Sunday, May 24, 1981. The race is widely considered one of the most controversial races in Indy history.[3] Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
took the checkered flag as the winner, with Mario Andretti second. After the conclusion of the race, USAC officials ruled that Unser had passed cars illegally while exiting the pit area during a caution on lap 149. Unser was subsequently issued a one-position penalty. The next morning, the official race results were posted, and Unser was dropped to second place. Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
was elevated to first place and declared the race winner. After a lengthy protest and appeals process, the penalty was rescinded, and Unser was reinstated the victory on October 9. Officially, it became Unser's third-career Indy 500 victory and his final win in Indy car competition. Unser stepped out of the car at the end of the season, and ultimately retired from driving. The race was officially part of the 1981–82 USAC season. However, most of the top entrants participated in the 1981 CART PPG Indy Car World Series. Championship points for the 1981 Indy 500 were not awarded towards the CART title. The hectic month of May 1981 was interrupted several times by rain. Pole qualifying stretched over three days due to inclement weather, and several days of practice were cut short or lost due to rain. The 1981 race is also remembered for the horrifying crash of Danny Ongais, and a major pit fire involving Rick Mears. Ongais was seriously injured, and Mears suffered burns, but both drivers would recover. Another major pit fire occurred later in the season at the Michigan 500, prompting new rules and standards to be put in place regarding the safety of fueling rigs.

Contents

1 Background 2 Race schedule 3 Practice and qualifying

3.1 Practice – week 1 3.2 Time trials – weekend 1 3.3 Practice – week 2 3.4 Time trials – weekend 2 3.5 Carburetion Day

4 Starting grid

4.1 Notes 4.2 Alternates 4.3 Failed to Qualify

5 Race recap

5.1 Start 5.2 Mears pit fire 5.3 Danny Ongais
Danny Ongais
crash 5.4 Unser pit incident 5.5 Finish

6 Controversy

6.1 Post race 6.2 Television controversy 6.3 Official results

7 Protest and appeals 8 Race Results 9 Aftermath and lore 10 Broadcasting

10.1 Radio 10.2 Television

11 Gallery 12 Notes

12.1 See also 12.2 References 12.3 Works cited

Background[edit] Three years into the first open wheel split, the sport of Indy car racing began settling into a mostly stabilized environment by 1981. The upstart CART series sanctioned the season of races. The Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
itself became an invitation-only race sanctioned by USAC, involving the CART regulars and various one-off entries. USAC kept alive their own "Gold Crown" championship, running Indy and the Pocono 500 in June 1981. A record total of 105 entries were expected to shatter the previous records for drivers on the track and qualifying attempts. Speed-cutting measures were still in place, and no drivers were expected to challenge the track records in 1981. The biggest rule change by USAC during the offseason was the banning of ground effects side skirts on the sidepods. Mario Andretti, as he had done in previous years, planned to race at Indianapolis
Indianapolis
in-between his busy, full-time Formula One
Formula One
schedule. His plans included qualifying at Indy on pole day weekend (May 9–10), then flying to Europe for the Belgian Grand Prix (May 17). After Belgium, he would fly back to Indianapolis
Indianapolis
in time for race day (May 24). Race schedule[edit] For the first time, USAC held a special test session for first-time drivers. The first-ever Rookie Orientation Program was organized and held over three days in early April.[4] It allowed newcomers the opportunity to take their first laps at the Speedway and acclimate themselves to the circuit in a relaxed environment. It would be held without the pressure of veteran drivers crowding the track, without the distraction of spectators, and with minimal media coverage. The drivers were allowed to take the first phases of their rookie test during the ROP. then return to complete the final phase of the test during official practice in May. Since the 500 had been moved to the Sunday of Memorial Day
Memorial Day
weekend, the 1981 race marked the earliest date (May 24) on which the race had ever been held. According to the calendar, May 24 is also the earliest date in which it can be scheduled.

Race schedule — April 1981

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat

 

 

  1   2   3   4 ROP

5 ROP 6 ROP 7   8   9   10   11  

Race schedule — May 1981

 

 

 

 

  1   2 Practice

3 Practice 4 Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Practice 8 Practice 9 Pole Day

10 Time Trials 11 Practice 12 Practice 13 Practice 14 Practice 15 Practice 16 Time Trials

17 Time Trials 18   19   20   21 Carb Day 22 Mini-Marathon 23 Parade

24 Indy 500 25 Memorial Day 26   27   28   29   30  

31  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Color Notes

Green Practice

Dark Blue Time trials

Silver Race day

Red Rained out*

Blank No track activity

* Includes days where track activity was significantly limited due to rain ROP – denotes Rookie Orientation Program

Practice and qualifying[edit] Practice – week 1[edit] Practice started on Opening Day, Saturday May 2. The two most notable rookies of the field made most of the headlines for the afternoon. Young Josele Garza
Josele Garza
(actually 19 at the time, lied on his entry form to say he was 21) and Geoff Brabham
Geoff Brabham
both passed their rookie tests.[5] On Sunday May 3, Al Unser
Al Unser
became the first driver to practice over 190 mph (310 km/h).[5] A day later, his brother Bobby Unser pushed the speeds over 197 mph (317 km/h).[5] The first incidents of the month occurred Monday, when Gordon Smiley spun, and Pete Halsmer
Pete Halsmer
crashed in turn 4.[5] Tuesday (May 5) was completely rained out, and Wednesday (May 6) was windy, keeping the speeds mostly down. A record 50 cars took to the track on Thursday (May 7), with Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
fastest of the day at 194.300 mph (312.696 km/h). On Friday, the final day of practice before pole day, Penske teammates Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
and Rick Mears
Rick Mears
were hand-timed just a tick below 200 mph (320 km/h). Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
was a close third over 198 mph (319 km/h). Time trials – weekend 1[edit] On Saturday May 9, rain delayed the start of pole position time trials until 3:34 p.m. An abbreviated session saw only 9 cars finish qualifying runs. A. J. Foyt
A. J. Foyt
was the fastest of the nine, sitting on the provisional pole at 196.078 mph (315.557 km/h). Rain stopped qualifying for the day at 5:49 p.m., and pushed pole qualifying into the next day. On Sunday May 10, pole position qualifying was scheduled to resume. Rain fell all afternoon, however, and canceled all track activity for the day. 27 cars were still eligible for the pole position, and the resumption of pole day qualifying was scheduled for the following Saturday. Among the cars not yet qualified was Mario Andretti, who due in Belgium
Belgium
for the Grand Prix. His plans to put the car safely in the field on pole weekend were thwarted, and a contingency plan would have to be made. Practice – week 2[edit] Rain continued to fall, and washed out practice on Monday (May 11). On Tuesday May 12, the 200 mph (320 km/h) barrier was finally broken in practice for the month by Danny Ongais. Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
took his final practice run of the week, and departed for Belgium. Two major crashes occurred, involving Phil Caliva and Phil Krueger. Tim Richmond and Larry "Boom Boom" Cannon both were involved in spins, but suffered no contact. On Wednesday May 13, Rick Mears
Rick Mears
pushed the fastest speed of the month to 200.312 mph (322.371 km/h). Retired veteran driver Wally Dallenbach climbed into Mario Andretti's car, and began to take some shake down laps. Due to Andretti's absence for the rest of the week, the Patrick Racing
Patrick Racing
team decided to have Dallenbach qualify the car for him. On race day, Andretti would take over the cockpit once again. Dallenbach was quickly up to speed, over 191 mph (307 km/h) on his first day. Rain closed the track on Thursday. On Friday, Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
upped the speed even further, turning a lap of 201.387 mph (324.101 km/h). A record 63 cars took to the track on the final full day of practice. World of Outlaws
World of Outlaws
star, and Indy rookie Steve Kinser crashed in turn 1. Time trials – weekend 2[edit] Pole day time trials resumed on a sunny Saturday May 16. About a half-hour into the session, Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
took over the pole position with a four-lap average of 200.546 mph (322.748 km/h). Meanwhile, Wally Dallenbach put Mario Andretti's car safely in the field at over 193 mph (311 km/h). Mike Mosley
Mike Mosley
squeezed himself into the front row posting a 197.141 mph (317.268 km/h) run. Moments later, Rick Mears
Rick Mears
took to the track. After a lap over 200.9 mph (323.3 km/h), his car developed a vibration, and he was forced to wave off, giving up his chance for the pole position. Pole qualifying continued until 2:00 p.m., when the original qualifying line was finally exhausted. Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
was awarded the pole, and the next round of qualifying began. After pole qualifying was over, Tom Sneva
Tom Sneva
qualified his car at 200.691 mph (322.981 km/h). It was the fastest speed of the month, but since it did not take place in the pole round, he was not eligible for the pole position. Later in the day, Rick Mears
Rick Mears
took a back-up car out to qualify, but had to settle for a slower speed, and 22nd starting position. On Sunday, bump day time trials were very busy. Ten cars were bumped during 25 attempts. Carburetion Day[edit] On Thursday May 21, the final scheduled practice session was held. All 33 qualified cars, along with 2 alternates that took laps. Mario Andretti returned from Belgium, and practiced in his already-qualified car. Jerry Karl was arrested during the week, but would be released on bond in time for race day. Bob Harkey
Bob Harkey
practiced his car for him. The starting grid was altered slightly after qualifying. Wally Dallenbach, who qualified Mario Andretti's car 8th, stepped aside as planned, and the car moved to the rear of the grid. In addition, George Snider vacated his ride in favor of Tim Richmond. Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
continued his dominance of the month, and led the speed chart for the afternoon, with a hand-timed lap of 197.6 mph (318.0 km/h). Later in the afternoon, hoping to sweep the month, his Penske Racing
Penske Racing
pit crew also guided him to a victory in the Miller Pit Stop Contest. Starting grid[edit]

Row Inside Middle Outside

1 Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
(W) Mike Mosley A. J. Foyt
A. J. Foyt
(W)

2 Gordon Johncock
Gordon Johncock
(W) Johnny Rutherford
Johnny Rutherford
(W) Josele Garza
Josele Garza
(R)

3 Bill Alsup
Bill Alsup
(R) Gordon Smiley Al Unser
Al Unser
(W)

4 Pancho Carter Gary Bettenhausen Kevin Cogan (R)

5 Bob Lazier (R) Tom Bigelow Geoff Brabham
Geoff Brabham
(R)

6 Tony Bettenhausen, Jr. (R) Steve Krisiloff Vern Schuppan

7 Larry Dickson Tom Sneva Danny Ongais

8 Rick Mears
Rick Mears
(W) Sheldon Kinser Pete Halsmer
Pete Halsmer
(R)

9 Michael Chandler (R) Don Whittington Bill Whittington

10 Dennis Firestone Scott Brayton
Scott Brayton
(R) Tom Klausler (R)

11 Jerry Karl Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
(W) Tim Richmond

Notes[edit]

Car of Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
qualified 8th by Wally Dallenbach (moved to 32nd on grid for race day) Car of George Snider qualified 29th, sold to Tim Richmond
Tim Richmond
(moved to 33rd on grid for race day)

Alternates[edit]

First alternate: Herm Johnson (R) (#28) – Bumped Second alternate: Bill Engelhart (#29) – Bumped

Failed to Qualify[edit]

George Snider (#84) – Sold qualified car to Richmond Steve Chassey
Steve Chassey
(R) (#64) – Bumped Larry Cannon (#96, #99) – Bumped Tom Bagley
Tom Bagley
(#43) – Bumped Tim Richmond
Tim Richmond
(#21) – Bumped; purchased Snider entry Roger Mears (R) (#98) – Bumped John Mahler
John Mahler
(#92, #93) – Wave off Dick Simon
Dick Simon
(#22) – Wave off Bill Tempero (R) (#15) – Wave off Harry MacDonald (R) (#45) – Wave off Bob Frey (R) (#71) – Wave off Phil Caliva (R) (#47, #87) – Wave off Bill Vukovich II
Bill Vukovich II
(#42) – Wave off Ken Hamilton (R) (#63) – Wave off Johnny Parsons
Johnny Parsons
(#8, #12, #18) – Wave off Jerry Sneva (#17, #34, #72, #74) – Wave off Spike Gehlhausen (#23, #34) – Wrecked during qualifying attempt Phil Krueger
Phil Krueger
(R) (#89) – Wrecked during qualifying attempt Roger Rager
Roger Rager
(#21, #66) – Blew engine during qualifying attempt Jim Hurtubise
Jim Hurtubise
(#65) – Blew engine during qualifying attempt

Tom Klauser (#51) – Incomplete attempt Chip Mead (R) (#49) – Incomplete attempt Rich Vogler
Rich Vogler
(R) (#44, #46) – Incomplete attempt Steve Kinser
Steve Kinser
(R) (#78) – Practice crash Joe Saldana
Joe Saldana
(#24, #69) – Practice crash Steve Ball (R) (#85) Dick Ferguson (#95) Bob Harkey
Bob Harkey
(#71, #89, #96) Bubby Jones (#58) Greg Leffler
Greg Leffler
(#43, #44) John Martin (#57) Jim McElreath (#26) Larry Rice
Larry Rice
(#52) Phil Threshie (#67) Frank Weiss (R) (#93) Dale Whittington (R) (#91) Jim Buick (R) (#86) – Practice only Jerry Miller (R) (#65) – Passed rookie test Pat Bedard (R) (#17) – Passed rookie test Lee Brayton (#35) – Passed rookie test

Race recap[edit]

Ticket stub

Start[edit] As the field came through turn 4, the field began accelerating, anticipating the green flag. To the shock of many drivers in the back of the field, the green flag wasn't waved until Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
neared the start-finish line, and many of the back-row markers did not see the green flag until the front-runners accelerated away through turn 1. Because of the controversial start, Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
took the lead at the start, and pulled away from the field, with Johnny Rutherford
Johnny Rutherford
moving up from row 2 into second place. Mike Mosley, the #2 starter, blew a radiator on lap 16 and finished in last place. Tom Sneva, with the fastest car in the field, charged from the 20th starting position to third place by lap 20. Rutherford took the lead from Unser on lap 22, but three laps later went out with a broken fuel pump. Sneva led for a lap, then pitted under the yellow flag for Rutherford's tow-in. Unser made his first pit stop on lap 32 when Don Whittington's wreck brought out another yellow. Sneva inherhited the lead after pit stops. On lap 39, the field anticipated the green flag and started accelerating between turns 3 and 4. Just then, USAC changed their minds and ordered the pace car back onto the track. By then, Tom Sneva had driven through turn 4 and passed the pace car. Realizing his mistake, Sneva slowed down and blended back behind the pace car. Citing that Sneva had blended back behind the pace car and that the infraction was unintentional, USAC decided not to impose any penalties. Sneva held the lead until the second round of pit stops began on lap 56. Sneva pitted first, but the car stalled as he tried to pull away. As Sneva's crew tried to re-fire the engine, new leader Rick Mears
Rick Mears
pulled into his pit directly behind Sneva. Mears pit fire[edit] When Rick Mears
Rick Mears
pitted on lap 58, fuel began to gush from the refueling hose before it had been connected to the car. Fuel sprayed over the car, Mears and his mechanics, then ignited when it contacted the engine. Methanol
Methanol
burns with a transparent flame and no smoke, and panic gripped the pit as crew members and spectators fled from the invisible fire. Mears, on fire from the waist up, jumped out of his car and ran to the pit wall, where a safety worker, not seeing the fire, tried to remove Mears' helmet. Meanwhile, Mears' fueler, covered in burning fuel, waved his arms frantically to attract the attention of the fire crews already converging on the scene. By this time the safety worker attending to Mears had fled, and Mears, in near panic at being unable to breathe, leaped over the pit wall toward another crewman carrying a fire extinguisher, who dropped the extinguisher and also fled. Mears tried to turn the extinguisher on himself, but at this point his father, Bill Mears, having already pulled Rick's wife Deena to safety, grabbed the extinguisher and put out the fire. His mechanics had also been extinguished, and the pit fire crew arrived to thoroughly douse Mears' car.(19) Thanks to quick action by Bill Mears and the fact that methanol burns at a much lower temperature than gasoline, no one was seriously hurt in the incident. Rick Mears
Rick Mears
and four of his mechanics (including Derrick Walker, a future crewchief on the Penske team) were sent to hospital, and Mears underwent plastic surgery on his face, particularly on his nose. The incident prompted a redesign to the fuel nozzle used on Indycars, adding a safety valve that would only open when the nozzle was connected to the car.(20) Meanwhile Gordon Smiley led lap 57 to lap 58, his first and only lap led in his career at Indianapolis.(19) Danny Ongais
Danny Ongais
crash[edit] Only minutes later, Danny Ongais
Danny Ongais
came into the pits on lap 63 as the leader of the race, but problems during the stop caused it to drag on for a disastrous 46 seconds. After finally leaving the pits, Ongais approached a slower car at the end of the backstretch. Perhaps still upset about the long stop, he made a late pass going into turn 3. Carrying too much speed out of the turn, the car drifted out into the grey and the back end began to slide. Ongais tried to correct the slide by turning right, and the car hooked to the right and crashed nearly head-on into the wall. (A year later, Gordon Smiley lost control at the same turn in the same way, but crashed directly head-on and was killed.) The front end of the car was ripped away, leaving an unconscious Ongais completely exposed in the cockpit as the car continued around turn 3, trailing a long tongue of orange fire from burning oil. Safety crews quickly surrounded the car and used the Jaws of Life to rescue Ongais, who suffered a concussion and badly broken feet and legs. Remarkably, Ongais made a full recovery and raced again at Indianapolis
Indianapolis
just one year later.[citation needed] Unser pit incident[edit] On lap 131, Tom Sneva, who fell 35 laps down after his engine stall on lap 58, got taken out of the race by a blown engine. He stopped his car in turn 4, entering the pit lane. He climbed out of his car and his car was towed off. Sneva, after having the best car, was frustratedly out of the race with a broken clutch in his engine. In an interview with Chris Economaki
Chris Economaki
minutes later, Sneva said that the engine stall happened because he couldn't get the car in gear and once the problem was fixed the engine began to have problems and finally came apart on Sneva's 96th lap completed. Pete Halsmer
Pete Halsmer
crashed out of the race on lap 135 and the caution came out soon afterwards for Josele Garza's accident. Josele hit the wall head-on but remarkably came out uninjured. Despite crashing, Josele Garza's effort in the race won him the 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
Rookie of the Year award. After 3 laps of caution, the race resumed with Mario Andretti as the race leader and Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
in second. On lap 146, Tony Bettenhausen had a tire going down, which he at the time was unaware of. Approaching turn four, the tire deflated, and Bettenhausen attempted to move out of the groove and out of traffic. In the process, he touched wheels with Gordon Smiley, sending Smiley's car spinning and into the wall backwards in turn 4. Three laps later, leader Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
and second place Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
went into the pit area for service. Unser finished his pit stop first, and was the first driver to exit the pit area. Andretti followed a few seconds behind. While the two cars were exiting the pits, the pace car was leading the field at reduced pace through turn 1 and turn 2. Unser stayed on the track apron, below the painted white line, and proceeded to pass by 14 cars and blend into the field at the exit of turn two. He took his place in line immediately behind the pace car as the leader. Andretti himself also passed one or two cars before he blended into the field in the south short chute. Both drivers' actions went largely unnoticed at the time. Andretti claims that he immediately called his pit crew on the radio and told him that Unser had passed cars under the yellow.[6]

The race stewards investigated Andretti's claim, but no track observers had witnessed Unser's infraction. No penalty was considered for Unser passing under yellow while the race was in progress.[7] No announcers in the live radio broadcast made note of any yellow flag passes, nor was it reported that any penalty for doing so was under consideration.[8] The ABC television commentators, in contrast, immediately noticed Unser's passes as they occurred, then expressed astonishment at them.[9]

Further information: 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
§ Television controversy Finish[edit] Gordon Johncock
Gordon Johncock
led late in the race, but slowed and eventually suffered a blown engine with less than 10 laps to go. Bobby Unser assumed the lead on lap 182, with Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
second. Unser held on to win by 5.180 seconds, one of the closest finishes at Indianapolis to that point. Unser celebrated his third Indy 500 victory (also 1968 and 1975), while Andretti was lauded for charging from 32nd starting position to a 2nd place finish. Unser made a total of ten pit stops,[10] a record for the most ever by a winner. In victory lane a satisfied Bobby Unser made no mention of a question about his win when interviewed by ABC's Chris Economaki. Controversy[edit]

Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
finished first but was penalized after the race for an infraction, and was dropped to second place in the official results. He was reinstated the victory on October 9.

Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
finished second, but was declared the winner after Bobby Unser's penalty was issued. Andretti was returned to second on October 9 when Unser's victory was reinstated.

Post race[edit] Shortly after the race was over, ramblings over a possible protest or penalty were beginning to surface around the garage area. Andretti's team Patrick Racing, as well as other drivers, were voicing complaints over Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
passing cars under the yellow on lap 149. Word of the incident reached chief race steward Thomas W. Binford by mid-evening. At the time, it was the policy of USAC to post official results for the Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
at 8 a.m. the morning after the race, and that any protest of that result could be filed after the race results were posted. In a taped interview with Chris Economaki
Chris Economaki
three hours after the race ended, Binford announced that he would be reviewing the video of lap 149 with the board overnight and that based on what he saw, Unser was likely to get penalized for the passes. Television controversy[edit] ABC televised the race on same-day tape-delay at 9 p.m. EDT. At the time, it was the policy of ABC Sports to record live commentary of the race at the start of the race and at the end of the race. For the remaining portions of the race, commentary was recorded during post-production.[6][11][12] Unlike the live radio broadcast, which did not notice nor mention the infraction,[8] the television broadcast focused heavily on the incident, and reported it as it was being aired.[12][13] It was later revealed that commentators Jim McKay
Jim McKay
and Jackie Stewart
Jackie Stewart
had provided the lap 149 incident commentary in post-production, and did so with the knowledge that a protest of Unser's actions was in the works.[6][12]

Jim McKay: "Bobby, out again – and Bobby, going out, very – passed a car – What's he doing? He – oh look at that! He's passed about half a dozen cars."

Jackie Stewart: "Oh, James, that's a – !"

McKay: "Under the yellow. You can't do that!"

Stewart: "That is a no-no! He has accelerated probably in the haste of leaving the pit lane, he's certainly overtaken these other cars; I'm not sure why he did that. I know that you're certainly not supposed to do it. The regulations say that under yellow flag conditions you must not pass any other cars, and that certainly has been the case here..."

McKay: "...but you're supposed to blend into the traffic, right? Let's see if he did that at all."

Stewart: "Yes, you are supposed to...but certainly he's accelerated all the way down below the double yellow line there, and simply overtaken a lot of cars there; I'm sure Bobby must know the regulations, I'm sure he knew what he was doing, whether his mind was somewhere else I can't say, but he shouldn't have passed these other cars, Jim."

— ABC 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
coverage of the Unser lap 149 incident

After the end of the race and Unser's victory lane interview was aired on tape delay, a live portion of broadcast concluded ABC's race coverage at approximately 11:45 p.m. EDT (10:45 p.m. IST). At that late hour, Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
with broadcasters Jackie Stewart
Jackie Stewart
and Jim McKay
Jim McKay
in the broadcast booth, announced that a protest was in process: "Well, there is a protest in process, mainly because we're talking about an unusual infraction of the rules. The one particular rule we dwell on quite a bit during the private and also the public drivers are passing under yellow. This one instance where Bobby and I were exiting the pits, I was right behind him... I just lost sight. He went about 7...8...9 cars in front of me..."[14] It was followed by the previously taped interview with chief steward Binford with Chris Economaki, with the assertion that video would be reviewed overnight, and that Unser was likely to be penalized. The overall broadcast was considered misleading, and biased against Unser, for several reasons:

It suggested that Unser's infraction was noticed by – and was immediately obvious to – ABC's broadcast booth at the time it occurred, based on the impromptu nature of conversation, and surprise, both McKay and Stewart emoted. Their remarks were recorded later, after they had knowledge of both Unser's win, and that a protest of Unser's infraction in could in fact cost him the race win. The broadcast focused only on Unser's infraction, as it had earlier been relayed to them, and did not mention Andretti's. It was later shown on the official highlight film that as Andretti watched Unser in front of him passing a dozen cars, Andretti himself had passed one or two cars too, but A.J. Foyt (a lapped car) claimed that he had waved Andretti by – which was permissible under the rules – to allow Andretti to blend in closer to the lead lap drivers. That did not come to light until later, and was not considered reason to revise the official standings for a second time. ABC's race-end coverage featured Andretti in the booth, live, announcing his intention to protest the results, while Unser was not available for comment or interview. Stewart, in the post-produced coverage, singled out Unser for making a mistake that he could be penalized for, and suggested both that it was a severe infraction, and that he should have known better.

Unser took ABC's coverage, and Stewart's in particular, personally. In answer to this, Stewart said, "Bobby was upset. He said that if it had not been for me and ABC, USAC wouldn't have had to take action. My job is not to advise officials, but it is to inform my viewers. Had I not pointed that out to illustrate an infraction of the regulations as I understood them, I would have done a great disservice to the audience."[15] Official results[edit] USAC spent the night reviewing race tapes and scoring reports. At 8 a.m. EST Monday morning, the official results of the race were posted. Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
was charged with passing cars under the yellow, and was penalized 1 position (some erroneous reports listed it as a 1-lap penalty[16]) for the infraction. The penalty dropped Unser down to second place, and elevated Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
to first place. Andretti was declared the victor, and it made him a two-time Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500 winner. That night, the traditional Victory Banquet was held at the Indiana Convention Center in downtown Indianapolis, with Andretti the new guest of honor. The mood was subdued, and the event was overshadowed by large-scale media attention ( Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
did not attend the banquet). The winner's share of the purse was announced, but the pay envelope presented to Andretti was empty. Andretti was presented with the official pace car but was not given the keys. Ted Koppel's Nightline focused the evening's program on the controversy and included a live interview with Andretti who compared the situation to the 1978 Italian Grand Prix, a race in which he won on the track, but was stripped of victory when officials deemed he jumped the start.

Andretti stated in an interview during the banquet: "I am glad the officials did the right thing but it still is sad. When Bobby won he went through all the hoopla and got to experience victory lane and the other things a winner gets to experience in victory lane...then it was taken from him and given to me. And I will never get to experience that myself."

Penske Racing, Bobby Unser's team, immediately filed an official protest of the decision. On the Wednesday(18) after the race, a five-person panel of officials (led by Tom Binford), denied the protest.[17] Roger Penske
Roger Penske
subsequently filed an appeal to the USAC Appeals Board. Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
refused to take a part willingly in the appeal stating(17):

"It's already been ruined for me. I'm very bitter. I'm not waiting for the decision either. The damage has already been done and I will paint racing out of my future if I was drawing my future."

Protest and appeals[edit] Roger Penske
Roger Penske
filed an appeal after the official results were posted which had declared Andretti the winner. A hearing was held on June 12, 1981. The USAC appeals hearing resembled a court case. According to some in attendance, witnesses who took the stand were subjected to numerous odd and superfluous questions, many with little or no relevance to the race itself.[16] The hearings reportedly were dragged out with considerable wasted time.[16] Mid-way through the hearing, the meeting was adjourned, and the resumption was scheduled for July 29.[18] Bobby Unser's primary argument was based on what he considered to be a vague definition of the "blend rule." When exiting the pit area under caution, drivers were instructed to look to their right and see which car was next to them on the track. After accelerating to sufficient speed, the driver was to "blend" (merge) into the field behind that car. Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
argued that it was an established guideline that the place to look for the car to blend behind was at the south end of the pit straight, where the concrete wall ends.[6] Bobby Unser countered that he understood that, as long as the car stayed under the white line and in the apron, the place to blend in was the exit of turn two.[6] Unser argued that the warm-up apron was an extension of the pit area. He also contended that Andretti had passed at least two cars himself, and should have also incurred a one-lap penalty.[19] In addition, it was pointed out that USAC allowed the alleged infraction to go unpenalized throughout the remainder of the race (instead of acting upon it immediately after it happened). Binford, the chief steward, stated that he did receive a complaint after lap 149, but that track observers had missed Unser's infraction, so he was powerless to act during the race.[7] USAC was faced with a dilemma, as the rulebook was in fact unclear in regards to the blend rule. Officials mulled over the decision for months. On October 9, 1981, a three-member USAC appeals board voted 2-1 to reinstate the victory to Bobby Unser.[20] He was instead fined $40,000. An official of the USAC board told reporters 3 hours after the reinstatement of Unser's win:

"Based on what we've seen, Thomas Binford and the Indianapolis officials should have detected the infraction at the moment of it. By not penalizing Unser sooner they automatically made the passes allowed because they failed in their responsibility to detect the infraction. So Unser wins the race but a $40,000 fine will replace the one position penalty."

The appeal panel said that, since the violation could have been detected at the time it was committed, a one-lap penalty after the completion of the race was too severe. In its decision, which resulted from a 2-to-1 vote, the panel said that race officials had "a responsibility to observe and report illegal passing in yellow flag situations and they failed to do so."

"The court believes," the panel said in a 23-page opinion written by Edwin Render, its chairman, "that responsible officials knew of the infraction when it was committed … For these reasons the court rules that it was improper to impose a one-lap penalty on car No.3 after the race."

Race Results[edit] The results below represent the final revision of the 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
results, as certified on October 9, 1981.

Pos No. Name Team Chassis Engine Laps Time/Retired Grid Laps Led Pts.

1 3 Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
 W  Team Penske Penske PC9B Cosworth 200 3:35:41.780 1 89 1000

2 40 Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
 W  Patrick Racing Wildcat Mk8 Cosworth 200 +5.180 32 12 800

3 33 Vern Schuppan Theodore Racing McLaren M24B Cosworth 199 +1 lap 18 0 700

4 32 Kevin Cogan  R  O'Connell Racing Phoenix 80 Cosworth 197 +3 laps 12 0 600

5 50 Geoff Brabham
Geoff Brabham
 R  Psachie-Garza Racing Penske PC9 Cosworth 197 +3 laps 15 0 500

6 81 Sheldon Kinser Longhorn Racing Longhorn LR01 Cosworth 195 +5 laps 23 0 400

7 16 Tony Bettenhausen Jr.  R  Bettenhausen Motorsports McLaren M24B Cosworth 195 +5 laps 16 0 300

8 53 Steve Krisiloff Psachie-Garza Racing Penske PC7 Cosworth 194 +5 laps 17 0 250

9 20 Gordon Johncock
Gordon Johncock
 W  Patrick Racing Wildcat Mk8 Cosworth 194 Engine 4 52 200

10 4 Dennis Firestone Rhoades Racing[21] Wildcat Mk8 Cosworth 193 Engine 28 0 150

11 7 Bill Alsup
Bill Alsup
 R  Team Penske Penske PC9B Cosworth 193 +7 laps 7 0 100

12 74 Michael Chandler  R  Hodgdon Racing Penske PC7 Cosworth 192 +8 laps 25 0 50

13 14 A. J. Foyt
A. J. Foyt
 W  Gilmore-Foyt Racing Coyote 80 Cosworth 191 +9 laps 3 0 25

14 84 Tim Richmond Mach 1 Enterprises Parnelli VPJ6C Cosworth 191 +9 laps 33 0 25

15 38 Jerry Karl Karl Racing McLaren M16E Chevrolet 189 +11 laps 31 0 25

16 37 Scott Brayton
Scott Brayton
 R  Forsythe Racing Penske PC6 Cosworth 173 Engine 29 0 25

17 88 Al Unser
Al Unser
 W  Longhorn Racing Longhorn LR02 Cosworth 166 +34 laps 9 0 20

18 31 Larry Dickson Machinists Union Racing Penske PC7 Cosworth 165 Piston 19 0 20

19 35 Bob Lazier  R  Fletcher Racing Penske PC7 Cosworth 154 Engine 13 0 20

20 56 Tom Bigelow Gohr Racing Penske PC7 Chevrolet 152 Engine 14 0 20

21 90 Bill Whittington Whittington Brothers March 81C Cosworth 146 Stalled 27 0 15

22 60 Gordon Smiley Patrick Racing Wildcat Mk8 Cosworth 141 Crash T4 8 1 15

23 55 Josele Garza
Josele Garza
 R  Psachie-Garza Racing Penske PC9 Cosworth 138 Crash T3 6 13 15

24 79 Pete Halsmer
Pete Halsmer
 R  Arciero Racing Penske PC7 Cosworth 123 Crash T3 24 0 15

25 2 Tom Sneva Bignotti-Cotter March 81C Cosworth 96 Clutch 20 25 10

26 8 Gary Bettenhausen Lindsey Hopkins Racing Lightning Cosworth 69 Rod 11 0 10

27 25 Danny Ongais Interscope Racing Interscope 022 Cosworth 64 Crash T3 21 4 10

28 5 Pancho Carter Morales-Capels Penske PC7 Cosworth 63 Compression 10 0 10

29 51 Tom Klausler  R  Schulz Racing Lightning Chevrolet 60 Gearbox 30 0 5

30 6 Rick Mears
Rick Mears
 W  Team Penske Penske PC9B Cosworth 58 Pit Fire 22 1 5

31 91 Don Whittington Whittington Brothers March 81C Cosworth 32 Crash BS 26 0 5

32 1 Johnny Rutherford
Johnny Rutherford
 W  Chaparral Cars Chaparral 2K Cosworth 25 Fuel Pump 5 3 5

33 48 Mike Mosley All American Racers Eagle 81 Chevrolet 16 Radiator 2 0 5

References: [22][23][24][25]

 W  Former Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
winner  R  Indy 500 Rookie All teams raced on tires provided by Goodyear. Aftermath and lore[edit] The 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
was largely considered the most controversial running to date.[3] It was referred to as "The Great Dispute,"[26] and in some circles was "Undecided."[27] Bobby Unser, who felt the entire ordeal was politically motivated by his USAC enemies,[3] became disillusioned with auto racing[28] and took a sabbatical from driving. He sat out the 1982 Indy 500, and retired officially in 1983 because the $40,000 fine for the win and several other fines he faced in sponsorship ruined his finances. After being reinstated the winner, Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
was presented with the miniature Borg-Warner Trophy, while Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
had already been presented with the winner's championship ring.[6] While Bobby Unser celebrated in victory lane on race day, the morning after the race, Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
took part in the winner's photograph session. No official victory photos were taken of Unser. Months after the race, Unser's likeness was sculpted and added to the Borg-Warner Trophy appropriately. A claim was even made at the time that Andretti "threw away the winner's ring" when he heard that Unser was reinstated the victory, but the story appears to have been unsubstantiated. In a 2001 interview with Jack Arute
Jack Arute
and Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
on ESPN
ESPN
Classic's "Big Ticket", Andretti confirmed that he kept the ring by wearing it during the interview. To this day the race is still controversial. Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
has said in interviews that because both he and Unser passed cars under yellow, both should be penalized. Unser has retorted that Andretti is being a sore loser. In a recent interview Unser said that he and Mario were very close friends until the race finished and now they are still livid with each other over the controversy, though both maintain a mutual respect for each other. Both also agree that regardless of the outcome, USAC mishandled the situation from start to finish and much of the controversy could have been easily avoided. In retrospect, drivers and officials often call it "The Undecided Indy 500" or "The Great Dispute." Australians Vern Schuppan
Vern Schuppan
(3rd), Geoff Brabham
Geoff Brabham
(5th) and Dennis Firestone (10th) were the first trio of foreign drivers to finish in the top ten as since British drivers Graham Hill, Jim Clark
Jim Clark
and Jackie Stewart finished 1st, 2nd, and 6th in 1966. Mario Andretti
Mario Andretti
was born in Italy, but was both an Italian and U.S. citizen by that time. Young rookie Josele Garza, after leading 13 laps during the race, won the Rookie of the Year award. Two years later it would be revealed that Garza fibbed about his age, and was actually 19 on race day (rules at the time required drivers to be age 21). By 1983, he was being credited as the youngest starting driver ever at Indy, a record he would hold until 2003. In 1996, the rules were changed to set the minimum driver age for the Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
at 18, a rule later solidified by federal tobacco regulations. Since 2014, drivers as young as 15 are permitted during the Month of May, provided they are racing in a lower tier support event on the road course, and the Indy Lights Freedom 100
Freedom 100
support race on the oval allows 17-year old drivers since 2011 (when all tobacco sponsorship ended in INDYCAR, per Master Settlement Agreement). In comparison, NASCAR mandates support series drivers on the Indianapolis
Indianapolis
oval to be 18. The youngest winner on the oval, as of 2017, is William Byron, who won the 2017 Lilly Diabetes 250 NASCAR support series race at 19 years of age. A 15-year old has won on the road course, Garrett Gerloff, 15 years 27 days, when he won the USGPRU Moriwaki MD250H support race at the USGPRU support race in the 2010 MotoGP round. Broadcasting[edit] Radio[edit] The race was carried live on the IMS Radio Network. Paul Page
Paul Page
served as anchor for the fifth year. Lou Palmer reported from victory lane. Darl Wible departed, and Bob Jenkins
Bob Jenkins
moved to the fourth turn position, where he would remain through 1989. Larry Henry joined the crew for the first year, stationed on the backstretch. This was Larry's only year on the Backstretch, he moved to Turn 3 the following year. This was Doug Zink's last year in Turn 3. The reporting location for Turn 2 shifted slightly, although still on the roof of the VIP Suites, the station was moved southward towards the middle of the turn. Howdy Bell, the longtime turn 2 reporter, celebrated his 20th year on the crew. This was Howdy's last year in Turn 2 until 1985. In Turn 3, the reporting location moved to a platform on the L Stand.

Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Radio Network

Booth Announcers Turn Reporters Pit/garage reporters

Chief Announcer: Paul Page Driver expert: Rodger Ward Statistician: John DeCamp Historian: Donald Davidson

Turn 1: Ron Carrell Turn 2: Howdy Bell Backstretch: Larry Henry Turn 3: Doug Zink Turn 4: Bob Jenkins

Jerry Baker (north pits) Chuck Marlowe (north-center pits) Luke Walton (south-center pits) Lou Palmer (south pits) Bob Forbes (garages)

Television[edit] The race was carried in the United States
United States
on ABC Sports on a same-day tape delay basis. Sam Posey
Sam Posey
rode along and reported live from inside the pace car at the start of the race. The broadcast has re-aired on ESPN Classic
ESPN Classic
since 2003. On May 24, 2003 the race was featured on ESPN
ESPN
Classic's "Big Ticket" series, hosted by Jack Arute
Jack Arute
featuring interviews with Bobby Unser
Bobby Unser
and Mario Andretti. On July 30, 2003, an expanded edit of the "Big Ticket" version aired.

ABC Television

Booth Announcers Pit/garage reporters

Host: Dave Diles Announcer: Jim McKay Color: Jackie Stewart

Chris Economaki Sam Posey

Gallery[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1981 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500.

1981 Buick Regal
Buick Regal
pace car

Notes[edit] See also[edit]

The controversial 2002 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500 1981-82 USAC Championship Car season

References[edit]

^ Fox, Jack C. (1994). The Illustrated History of the Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500 1911-1994 (4th ed.). Carl Hungness Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 0-915088-05-3.  ^ Miller, Robin (May 25, 1981). "Bobby U. wins 3rd '500'; Ongais badly hurt in crash". The Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Star. p. 1. Retrieved June 2, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ a b c "Controversy nothing new for 500". Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Star. 2002-05-28.  ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=P_FiAAAAIBAJ&sjid=73gNAAAAIBAJ&pg=5513,2968385&dq=indianapolis+rookie+orientation&hl=en ^ a b c d "1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
Daily Trackside Report" (PDF). Indy500.com. 1981. Retrieved 2008-06-22.  ^ a b c d e f Classic "Big Ticket" - 1981 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500, ESPN Classic, May 23, 2003 ^ a b McKee, Craig (May 29, 1982). "'81 Indy 500: Bobby...Finally". The Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Star. p. Souvenir 3. Retrieved 2017-08-20 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ a b 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
live radio, IMS Radio Network, May 24, 1981 ^ Mr. Autosportfan (2017-07-12), 1981 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500, retrieved 2017-08-19  ^ 1981 Carl Hungness 500 Yearbook ^ McKay, Jim (May 1, 1998). The Real McKay: My Wide World of Sports. E P Dutton. ISBN 0-525-94418-4.  ^ a b c "Idol Of The Indy Airwaves". Sports Illustrated. 1983-06-06.  ^ 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
television broadcast, ABC Sports, May 24, 1981 ^ Mr. Autosportfan (2017-07-12), 1981 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500, retrieved 2017-08-20  ^ Vincent, Charlie (May 25, 1982). "Unser, Mario '81 feud simmers". Detroit Free Press. p. 1D. Retrieved 2017-08-20 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ a b c "The Talk
Talk
of Gasoline Alley – Sunday 5/14/2006, 1070 WIBC-AM ^ 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
Yearbook – Carl Hungess Publishing, pp. 83 ^ "Appeal Panel on Indy 500 Is Adjourned Until July 29". New York Times. 1981-06-12.  ^ "Attorney for Unser Says Andretti Was in Violation". New York Times. 1981-06-05.  ^ Unser ruled winner of '81 500 ^ "Jack Rhoades Obituary - Myers-Reed Dignity Memorial Chapel Columbus IN". obits.dignitymemorial.com. Retrieved 2017-08-19.  ^ "05/24/1981 race: Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
(USAC) - Racing-Reference.info". racing-reference.info. Retrieved 2017-08-20.  ^ "1981 Paint Schemes". The Open Wheel. 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2017-08-20.  ^ "1981 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500". Motor Sport Magazine. 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-08-20.  ^ "1981 CART PPG IndyCar World Series TEAM CHART & SCHEDULE - RuRa Message Board". www.rubbins-racin.com. Retrieved 2017-08-20.  ^ 1982 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
television broadcast, ABC Sports, May 30, 1982 ^ Legends of the Brickyard – 1981 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500, ESPN, 1987 ^ "Sports People; A Bitter Bobby Unser". New York Times. 1981-09-04. 

General

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EORP8qYwKA8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwmfBp3U2Os https://www.nytimes.com/1981/06/29/sports/mears-back-after-indy-fire-wins-twice-mears-back-after-indy-fire-wins-twice.html

Works cited[edit]

1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
Day-By-Day Trackside Report For the Media Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
History: Race & All-Time Stats – Official Site 1981 Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
Radio Broadcast, Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Motor Speedway Radio Network

1980 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500 Johnny Rutherford 1981 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500 Bobby Unser 1982 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500 Gordon Johncock

v t e

Indianapolis
Indianapolis
500

Track and race information

Track

Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Motor Speedway Race results IMS Museum

Statistics

Winners Pole-sitters Lap leaders Rookie of the Year Fatalities Firsts Pace cars Records Fastest laps By year Scott Brayton
Scott Brayton
Award Louis Schwitzer Award Pit Stop Challenge

Drivers

List of drivers Non-qualifying drivers Female participants African-American participants

Sanctioning bodies

AAA Contest Board (1909–1955) FIA (1950–1960) USAC (1956–1997) INDYCAR
INDYCAR
(1998–present)

Ownership

Carl Fisher James Allison Arthur Newby Frank A. Wheeler Eddie Rickenbacker Tony Hulman Wilbur Shaw Mary F. Hulman Mari Hulman George Tony George Joie Chitwood Jeff Belskus Hulman & Company

Officials

Charlie Merz Tommy Milton Harry McQuinn Harlan Fengler Tom Binford Brian Barnhart

Broadcasting

Radio

Bill Slater Sid Collins Paul Page Lou Palmer Bob Jenkins Mike King Donald Davidson

Television

Jim McKay Jackie Stewart Chris Schenkel Chris Economaki Sam Posey Jack Arute Jim Lampley Paul Page Bob Jenkins Todd Harris Marty Reid Allen Bestwick

Other

Tom Carnegie Robin Miller Ron McQueeney

Related events

Month of May

Mini-Marathon IndyCar Grand Prix Indy Lights road course Freedom 100

Brickyard 400

Brickyard 400 Lilly Diabetes 250

Other

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Related area

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Lucas Oil Raceway
(Carb Night Classic)

Lore

Riding mechanic Andretti Curse Borg-Warner Trophy Indy/Charlotte "Double Duty" Entertainment Traditions Jigger Award 100 mph Club The Greatest 33 Jim Nabors Straight No Chaser Turbo

Notable races

The First 500 De Palma's Heartbreaker Good Wine The Indy 300 First two-time winner 100 MPH Will Overhead First three-time winner Tony Hulman
Tony Hulman
to the Rescue "E-Z" The youngest winner The Vukovich Accident Ward/Rathmann Duel British Invasion Sachs/MacDonald Tragedy The Turbine Mario's Only Win A Race to Forget The Deluge The Glorious Fourth The first "Split" The Great Dispute Johncock & Mears Spin and Win The rainout The oldest winner Million Dollar Meeting The Closest Finish Orange juice instead of Milk Mercedes-Benz 500I Indy 505 The "Split" The Millenium 500 Racing vs. Rain Danicamania Uncrowned champion Centennial Anniversary The Fastest 500 Montoya Fifteen years later The 100th 500

Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
race summaries and box scores

1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929

1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949

1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029

No races held 1917—1918 or 1942—1945 due to World War I
World War I
and World War II, r

.