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Year 197 (Roman numerals, CXCVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Magius and Rufinus (or, less frequently, year 950 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 197 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


Events


By place


Roman Empire

* February 19 – Battle of Lugdunum: Emperor Septimius Severus defeats the self-proclaimed emperor Clodius Albinus at Lugdunum (modern Lyon). Albinus commits suicide; Roman legionary, legionaries sack the town. * Septimius Severus returns to Ancient Rome, Rome and has about 30 of Albinus's supporters in the Roman Senate, Senate executed. After his victory he declares himself the adopted son of the late Marcus Aurelius. * Septimius Severus forms new Roman navy, naval units, manning all the triremes in Italy with heavily armed troops for war in the East. His soldiers embark on an artificial canal between the Tigris and Euphrates. * Legio I Parthica, Legio I, Legio II Parthica, II, and Legio III Parthica, III ''Parthica'' are levied by Septimius Severus for his Parthian campaign. * The Roman army marches east to repel a Parthian invasion of Mesopotamia; they loot the royal palace at Ctesiphon and capture an enormous number of its inhabitants as slavery, slaves. * Septimius Severus reconstitutes the Province of Mesopotamia under an equestrian governor commanding two Roman legion, legions. * Septimius Severus, who had spared the Senate at the beginning of his reign, now excludes it from controlling the Roman empire by declaring a military dictatorship.


Asia

* War between Cao Cao and Zhang Xiu, Battle of Wancheng: Zhang Xiu (warlord), Zhang Xiu launches a surprise attack at Cao Cao. * Yuan Shu declares himself emperor of the short-lived Zhong dynasty. * Sansang of Goguryeo, Sansang becomes ruler of the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo.


By topic


Art and Science

* Galen, Galen's major work on medicines, ''Pharmacologia'', is published.


Religion

* A Christianity, Christian council is held in Edessa, Mesopotamia, Edessa.


Births

* Empress Cao (Han dynasty), Cao, Chinese empress of the Han dynasty, Han Dynasty (d. 260) * Deng Ai, Chinese general of the Cao Wei state (d. 264)


Deaths

* February 19 – Clodius Albinus, Roman general and usurper * Cao Ang (or Zixiu), eldest son of Cao Cao (b. 177) * Dian Wei, Chinese general serving under Cao Cao * Gaius Julius Erucius Clarus Vibianus, Roman politician * Gogukcheon of Goguryeo, Korean ruler of Goguryeo * Guo Si (or Guo Duo), Chinese general and regent * Li Jue (Han dynasty), Li Jue, Chinese general serving under Dong Zhuo * Liu Chong (Prince Min of Chen), Liu Chong, Chinese nobleman and Prince of Chen Commandery, Chen * Titus Flavius Claudius Sulpicianus, Roman statesman * Yang Feng, Chinese general serving under Li Jue


References

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