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Events



January

* January 1 ** The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is inaugurated. ** The Constitution of the Italian Republic goes into effect. ** The Constitution of New Jersey (later subject to amendment) goes into effect. ** The railways of Britain are nationalized, to form British Railways. ** The Inter-Services Intelligence of Pakistan is formed. * January 4 – Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom, becoming an independent republic, named the ''Union of Burma'', with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President, and U Nu its first Prime Minister. * January 5 ** Warner Brothers shows the first color newsreel (''Tournament of Roses Parade'' and the ''Rose Bowl Game''). ** The first Kinsey Report, ''Sexual Behavior in the Human Male'', is published in the United States. * January 7Mantell UFO incident: Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of an unidentified flying object. * January 12Mahatma Gandhi begins his fast-unto-death in Delhi, to stop communal violence during the Partition of India. * January 17 – A truce is declared between nationalist Indonesian and Dutch troops in Java. * January 22 – British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin proposes the formation of a Western Union between Britain, France, and the Benelux countries, to stand up against the Soviet Union. The Treaty of Brussels is signed March 17 as a consequence, a predecessor to NATO. * January 26 – Teigin poison case: a man masquerading as a doctor poisons 12 of 16 bank employees of the Tokyo branch of Imperial Bank and takes the money; artist Sadamichi Hirasawa is later sentenced to death for the crime, but is never executed. * January 29 **The Pakistan Socialist Party is founded in Karachi. **A DC-3 aircraft crash at Los Gatos Creek, near Coalinga, California, kills 4 US citizens and 28 deportees, commemorated in a protest song (''Deportee (Plane Wreck at Los Gatos)'') by Woody Guthrie. * January 30 ** Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi: Indian pacifist and leader Mahatma Gandhi is shot by Nathuram Godse in New Delhi. ** The 1948 Winter Olympics open in St Moritz, Switzerland. * January 31 – The British crown colony of the Malayan Union, Penang and Malacca form the Federation of Malaya.

February

* February 1 ** The Soviet Union begins to jam Voice of America broadcasts. ** The Federation of Malaya is proclaimed. * February 4 – Ceylon (later known as Sri Lanka) becomes an independent kingdom, within the British Commonwealth. * February 11 – General Douglas Gracey becomes Commander-in-chief of Pakistan Army. * February 16Miranda, innermost of the large moons of Uranus, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper. * February 18Éamon de Valera, Irish head of government from 1918 to 1932, loses power to an opposition coalition. John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach by President Seán T. O'Kelly, until 1960. * February 19 – The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence convenes in Calcutta. * February 21 – The United States stock car racing organization NASCAR is founded by Bill France, Sr. with other drivers. * February 22 – The first of the Ben Yehuda Street bombings in Jerusalem kills between 49 and 58 civilians, and injures between 140 and 200. * February 251948 Czechoslovak coup d'état: Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia, cedes control of the country to the Communist Party, a day celebrated by that regime as "Victorious February" ( cz|Vítězný únor|links=no; sk|Víťazný Február) until November 1989. * February 28 **Accra Riots: Riots take place in Accra, capital of the British colony of Gold Coast, when a peaceful protest march by ex-servicemen is broken up by police, leaving several members of the group dead, among them Sergeant Adjetey, one of the leaders. **The 2nd Congress of the Communist Party of India convenes in Calcutta.

March

* March 8 – ''McCollum v. Board of Education'': The United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violates the U.S. Constitution. * March 12 – The Costa Rican Civil War begins. * March 16 – The largest flood in the history of Brampton, Ontario, occurs. * March 17 ** The Treaty of Brussels is signed by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, providing for economic, social and cultural collaboration and collective self-defence. ** The Hells Angels motorcycle gang is founded in California. * March 18 – The Round Table Conference convenes in The Hague, Netherlands, to prepare the decolonization process for the Caribbean island of Aruba and the other Dutch Colonies. Aruba presents the mandate of the Aruban People for Aruba to become an independent country, under the sovereignty of the House of Orange, based on Aruba's first state constitution presented officially since August 1947, and a (4th) member state of the future Dutch Commonwealth. * March 20 ** Singapore holds its first elections. ** Renowned Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini makes his television debut, conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in an all-Wagner program in the United States. ** The 20th Academy Awards Ceremony is held in Los Angeles. ''Gentleman's Agreement'' wins the Academy Award for Best Picture.

April

* April 1 – Physicists Ralph Asher Alpher and George Gamow publish the Alpher–Bethe–Gamow paper, about the Big Bang. * April 3 ** United States President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries. ** Jeju Uprising: Residents revolt on Jeju island, South Korea, eventually leading to the deaths of between 14,000 and 30,000. ** Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 is played on television in its entirety for the first time, in a series of concerts featuring Arturo Toscanini conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in the United States. The chorus is conducted by Robert Shaw. * April 51947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine: Haganah launches Operation Nachshon, provoking the 1948 Palestinian exodus. * April 7– The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations. * April 9 ** Jorge Eliécer Gaitán's assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá (the ''Bogotazo''), and a further 10 years of violence (''La Violencia'') across Colombia. ** The Deir Yassin massacre takes place, in British Mandatory Palestine. * April 13 – The Hadassah medical convoy massacre takes place, in British Mandatory Palestine. * April 16 – The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is founded, as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). * April 18Italian general election, 1948:: The first democratic general election with universal suffrage is held in Italy. The Christian Democracy party achieves a majority over the Popular Democratic Front Communist-Socialist coalition. * April 19 ** Burma joins the United Nations. ** The American Broadcasting Company (otherwise known as ABC) begins television services, on WFIL-TV in Philadelphia (later WPVI-TV). * April 22 ** Civil War in Mandatory Palestine: Battle of Haifa – Jewish paramilitary group Haganah captures Haifa from the Arab Liberation Army. ** WTVR begins television services. WTVR is the first TV station south of Washington D.C., giving it the nickname "The South's First Television station". * April 23 – First National Games of Pakistan held in Karachi. * April 24 – The Costa Rican Civil War ends. * April 30 ** The Organization of American States (OAS) is founded. ** The English-built Land Rover is unveiled at the Amsterdam Motor Show.

May

* May – The RAND Corporation is established, as an independent nonprofit policy research and analysis institution, in the United States. * May 4Laurence Olivier's film version of ''Hamlet'' makes its world premiere in London. * May 9Solar eclipse of May 9, 1948: An annular solar eclipse is visible in Japan and South Korea, and is the 32nd solar eclipse of Solar Saros 137. This eclipse is very short, lasting just 0.3 seconds. The path width is just about 200 meters wide (approximately 218 yards). * May 11Luigi Einaudi becomes President of the Italian Republic. * May 14 – The Israeli Declaration of Independence is made. David Ben-Gurion becomes the first prime minister, a provisional position that will become formalized on February 14, 1949. * May 15 ** 1948 Arab–Israeli War: The British Mandate of Palestine is officially terminated; expeditionary forces from Egypt, Transjordan, Syria and Iraq invade Israel, and clash with Israeli forces. ** The murder of a 3-year-old girl in Blackburn, England, leads to the fingerprinting of more than 40,000 men in the city, in an attempt to find the murderer. ** Australian cricket team in England in 1948: The touring Australians set an all-time first-class record, by scoring 721 runs in a day against Essex. * May 16Chaim Weizmann is elected as the first President of Israel. * May 18 – The first Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking. * May 22 – The Soviets launch Operation Vesna, the largest Lithuanian deportation to Siberia. * May 25 – The United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP) is founded at Ellinwood Malate Church in Manila. * May 26 – The United States Congress passes ''Public Law 557'', which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as the auxiliary of the United States Air Force. * May 28Daniel François Malan defeats Jan Smuts and becomes Prime Minister of South Africa, which starts in the era of apartheid (which is finally dismantled by F. W. de Klerk in 1994). * May 29 – The Casimir effect is predicted by Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir. * May 30 – A dike along the Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon, within minutes; 15 people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.

June

* June 1Puma, a global sports goods brand, is founded in Bavaria, West Germany, by Rudolf Dassler, having split from his brother "Adi". * June 3 – The Palomar Observatory telescope is finished in California. * June 10Hasan Saka forms the new government of Turkey. (17th government; Hasan Saka had served twice as a prime minister) * June 11 – The first monkey astronaut, Albert I, is launched into space from White Sands, New Mexico. * June 15 – Chinese newspaper ''Renmin Ribao'' (''People's Daily'') is first published in Beijing, China. * June 16 – Three armed men hijack the Cathay Pacific passenger plane ''Miss Macao'' and shoot the pilot; the plane crashes, killing 26 of 27 people on board. * June 17United Airlines Flight 624, a Douglas DC-6, crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing 43 and injuring 84 people on board. * June 18 ** Malayan Emergency: A state of emergency is declared in the Malayan Union, due to a communist insurgency. ** LP record – Columbia Records introduces its long playing rpm phonograph format. * June 20 – The U.S. Congress recesses for the remainder of 1948, after an overtime session closes at 7:00 a.m. (to be shortly interrupted by Truman's recall from Congressional recess for July 20, 1948). * June 21 ** The Deutsche Mark becomes the official currency of the future Federal Republic of Germany. ** The Manchester Baby becomes the first stored-program computer to successfully execute a program. * June 22 **The ship brings a large group of Afro-Caribbean immigrants to Tilbury near London, the start of a large wave of immigration to Britain. **David Lean's ''Oliver Twist'', based on Charles Dickens's famous novel, premieres in the UK. It is banned for 3 years in the U.S., because of alleged antisemitism in depicting master criminal Fagin, played by Alec Guinness. A C-54_Skymaster_landing_at_[[Berlin_Tempelhof_Airport..html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Berlin Tempelhof Airport">C-54 Skymaster landing at Berlin_Tempelhof_Airport">C-54_Skymaster_landing_at_[[Berlin_Tempelhof_Airport. *_[[June_24.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Berlin Tempelhof Airport.">Berlin Tempelhof Airport">C-54 Skymaster landing at [[Berlin Tempelhof Airport. * [[June 24">Berlin Tempelhof Airport.">Berlin Tempelhof Airport">C-54 Skymaster landing at [[Berlin Tempelhof Airport. * [[June 24 ** [[Cold War: The [[Berlin Blockade begins. ** The first [[World Health Assembly of the [[World Health Organization is held in Geneva. * [[June 26 ** [[William Shockley files the original patent for the grown-junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor. ** The Berlin Airlift begins. * June 28 ** The Cominform Resolution marks the beginning of the Informbiro period in Yugoslavia, and the Soviet/Yugoslav split. ** The 6.8 Fukui earthquake strikes Fukui, Japan; 3,769 are killed, 22,203 injured. ** Lotte Group, a global conglomerate in Northeast Asia (South Korea and Japan), is founded.

July

* July 5 – The National Health Service in the United Kingdom begins functioning, giving the right to universal healthcare, free at point of use. * July 6 – The world's first Air Car-ferry service is flown by a Bristol Freighter of Silver City Airways, from Lympne to Le Touquet across the English Channel. * July 13 – The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Churches reach an agreement, leading to the promotion of the Ethiopian church to the rank of an autocephalous Patriarchate. Five bishops are immediately consecrated by the Patriarch of Alexandria, and the successor to Abuna Qerellos IV is granted the power to consecrate new bishops, who are empowered to elect a new Patriarch for their church. * July 15 ** The attempted assassination of Palmiro Togliatti, general secretary of the Italian Communist Party, results in numerous strikes all over the country. ** The first London chapter of Alcoholics Anonymous is founded. * July 20Cold War: ** President Harry S. Truman issues the second peacetime military draft in the United States, amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union (the first peacetime draft occurred in 1940 under President Roosevelt) ** Eugene Dennis, William Z. Foster, and ten other CPUSA leaders are arrested, and charged under the Alien Registration Act. * July 22 – The Dominion of Newfoundland votes to join Canada, after a referendum. * July 26 – U.S. President Truman signs Executive Order 9981, ending racial segregation in the United States Armed Forces. * July 28 – Around 200 die in explosion at a chemical plant in Ludwigshafen, Germany. * July 29 – The 1948 Summer Olympics begin in London, the first since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. * July 31 ** At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated. ** Elizabeth Bentley appears under subpoena before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) of the United States House of Representatives regarding Communist espionage; she implicates Whittaker Chambers. *Claude Shannon publishe
"A mathematical theory of communication"
- the paper that laid the foundations for the field of "Information Theory" and all modern digital communications.

August

* August 1 – The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded. * August 3Whittaker Chambers appears under subpoena before the HUAC, and alleges that several former U.S. Federal officials were communists, including Harry Dexter White and Alger Hiss. * August 5Alger Hiss appears before the HUAC, to deny the allegations of Whittaker Chambers. * August 1023 – The Herrenchiemsee convention prepares the draft for the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany. * August 12Babrra massacre: About 600 unarmed members of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement are shot dead on the orders of the Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Province, Abdul Qayyum Khan Kashmiri, on Babrra ground in the Hashtnagar region of Charsadda District, North-West Frontier Province (modern-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan. * August 13Harry Dexter White and Donald Hiss refute allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers, before the HUAC. * August 141948 Ashes series: Australian batsman Don Bradman, playing his last Test cricket match, against England at The Oval, is bowled by Eric Hollies for a duck; however, "The Invincibles" win the match by an innings and 149 runs, and The Ashes 4–0. * August 15 – The southern half of Korea is established as the Republic of Korea (South Korea). * August 17 – The HUAC holds a private session between Alger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers. * August 18 – The Danube Commission is created by the Belgrade Convention (enters into force 11 May 1949). * August 20Lee Pressman, Nathan Witt, and John Abt, represented by Harold I. Cammer, plead the Fifth Amendment, in response to allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers before the HUAC. * August 23 – The World Council of Churches is established in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. * August 24 – The first meeting of the charter members of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ) is held. * August 25 – The HUAC holds its first-ever televised congressional hearing, featuring "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss. * August 27Whittaker Chambers states that Alger Hiss was a communist on ''Meet the Press'' radio.

September

* September 4 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons. * September 5Robert Schuman becomes Prime Minister of France. * September 6Juliana is formally inaugurated to succeed her mother, as queen regnant of the Netherlands. * September 9 – The northern half of Korea is formally declared the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), with Kim Il-sung as prime minister. * September 11Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder and first Governor-General of Pakistan, dies. Pakistan is in a state of shock as it mourns the departure of the father of the nation. The day is a public holiday nationwide. * September 1318Indian annexation of Hyderabad ("Operation Polo"): The princely state of Hyderabad is invaded by the Indian Armed Forces in a "police action", in the aftermath of Pakistani leader Jinnah's death. The Nizam of Hyderabad surrenders his state, which is amalgamated into the newly independent Dominion of India; thousands are killed as a result of this event. * September 13Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States Senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House Of Representatives and the United States Senate. * September 17Lehi members, also known as the Stern Gang, assassinate Swedish count Folke Bernadotte, United Nations Mediator in Palestine, in Jerusalem. * September 18 – An inaugural motor race is held at Goodwood Circuit, West Sussex, England. * September 20 – The city of Rabwah is established in Pakistan. * September 27Alger Hiss files a slander suit against Whittaker Chambers, for his August 27 radio statement in the United States. * September 29Laurence Olivier's film of ''Hamlet'' opens in the U.S.

October

* October 5 – The International Union for the Protection of Nature (later known as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, IUCN) is established in Fontainebleau, France. * October 61948 Ashgabat earthquake: A 7.3 earthquake near Ashgabat, Soviet Turkmenistan kills 10,000–110,000. * October 10 – The R-1 missile on test becomes the first Soviet launch to enter space. * October 16 – The 57th Street Art Fair in Chicago, the oldest juried art fair in the American Midwest, is founded. * October 20Brandeis University is formally founded in Massachusetts. * October 26Donora Smog of 1948: A killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania. * October 291948 Arab–Israeli War: Massacres of Palestinian Arab villagers by the Israel Defense Forces: ** Al-Dawayima massacre: Between 30 and 145 are killed. ** Safsaf massacre: At least 52 are killed. * October 30 – A ''luzzu'' fishing boat overloaded with passengers capsizes and sinks in the Gozo Channel off Qala, Gozo, Malta, killing 23 of the 27 people on board.

November

* November 1 ** The Foley Square trial of Eugene Dennis and ten other CPUSA leaders begins, in New York City. ** Athenagoras I is elected the 268th Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. * November 21948 United States presidential election: Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman defeats Republican Thomas E. Dewey, "Dixiecrat" Strom Thurmond, and Progressive party candidate Henry A. Wallace. * November 12 – In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II. * November 15Louis Stephen St. Laurent becomes Canada's 12th prime minister. * November 16 ** ''Operation Magic Carpet'' to transport Jews from Yemen to Israel begins. ** The University of the Andes (Universidad de los Andes) is founded in Bogotá, Colombia. * November 17 ** Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi divorces his second wife, the former Princess Fawzia of Egypt. ** Whittaker Chambers produces secret government papers, handwritten and typewritten by Alger Hiss, during pretrial examination. * November 20Geoffrey B. Orbell rediscovers the Takahē, last seen 50 years previously, near Lake Te Anau, New Zealand. * November 24 – In Venezuela, president Rómulo Gallegos is ousted by a military junta. * November 27 – The Calgary Stampeders defeat the Ottawa Rough Riders 12–7 before 20,013 fans at Toronto's Varsity Stadium, to win their first Grey Cup, and complete the only perfect season to date in Canadian Football.

December

* December 1José Figueres Ferrer abolishes the army in Costa Rica, making it the first country in history to do so. * December 2 – The United States House Un-American Activities Committee subpoenas and retrieves the "Pumpkin Papers" from the farm of Whittaker Chambers. * December 6Richard Nixon displays microfilm from the "Pumpkin Papers" to the press. * December 9 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Genocide Convention. * December 10 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. * December 1112Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre: Scots Guards shoot 24 Chinese villagers in Malaya. * December 15 – The United States Department of Justice indicts Alger Hiss, on two counts of perjury. * December 17 – The Finnish Security Police is established to remove communist leadership from its predecessor, the State Police. * December 19 – In the American National Football League, the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Chicago Cardinals 7–0, to win the championship. * December 20 ** Indonesian National Revolution: The Dutch military captures Yogyakarta, the temporary capital of the newly formed Republic of Indonesia. ** American economist and former State Department official Laurence Duggan falls to his death, from the 16th story window of his Manhattan office. * December 23 – Seven Japanese military and political leaders, convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, are executed by Allied occupation authorities, at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo, Japan. * December 26 ** The last Soviet troops withdraw from North Korea. ** Cardinal József Mindszenty is arrested in Hungary, and accused of treason and conspiracy. * December 28 – A Muslim Brotherhood member assassinates Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi. * December 30 – The musical ''Kiss Me, Kate'' opens for the first of 1,077 performances in New York City. * December 31Arab-Israeli War: Israeli troops drive Egyptians from the Negev.

Date unknown

* The Fresh Kills Landfill, the world's largest, opens on Staten Island, New York. * The Slovak city Gúta is renamed Kolárovo. * The Vielha Tunnel is opened, giving access to the Val d'Aran in the Spanish Pyrenees; at this time it is the longest road tunnel in the world. * The Oakridge Transit Centre opens in Vancouver, British Columbia. * The last recorded sighting is made of the Caspian tiger, in Kazakhstan. * A pack of wolves kills about 40 children in Darovskoy District, in Russia. * The last edition of the ''Index Librorum Prohibitorum'' is published in the Vatican. * Charles Warrell creates the first I-Spy books in the United Kingdom. * Rev. W. Awdry's third book, ''James the Red Engine'', is published in the United Kingdom. * Inspired by World War II fighter planes, Cadillac introduces the first automobile to sport tailfins. * The inaugural 6 Hours of Watkins Glen sports car endurance race is held in the United States.

Births



January

* January 1Allan Alcorn, American engineer * January 2 ** Judith Miller, American journalist ** Joyce Wadler, American writer, memoirist ** Deborah Watling, English actress (d. 2017) * January 3 ** Peggy Quince, U.S. Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Florida ** Don Johnson Jr., American politician, Georgia ** Wanda Seux, Paraguayan vedette, dancer, and actress * January 4Jack Wagner, American Democratic politician * January 5 ** Wally Foreman, Australian media icon (d. 2006) ** Ted Lange, African-American actor, director (''The Love Boat'') * January 6 ** Guy Gardener, American astronaut ** Bob Wise, Former Governor of West Virginia * January 7 ** Kenny Loggins, American rock singer (''Footloose'') ** Ichirou Mizuki, Japanese voice actor * January 10 ** Remu Aaltonen, Finnish musician ** Donald Fagen, American rock keyboardist (''Steely Dan'') ** Teresa Graves, African-American actress and comedian (''Get Christie Love'') (d. 2002) ** Mischa Maisky, Latvian cellist * January 11 ** Hiroshi Wajima, Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 2018) ** Larry Harvey, American co-founder of ''Burning Man'' (d. 2018) * January 12 ** Kenny Allen, English footballer ** Anthony Andrews, English actor * January 13 ** V. Krishnasamy, Malaysian footballer (d. 2020) ** Françoise David, Canadian spokesperson * January 14 ** T Bone Burnett, American record producer, musician ** Muhriz of Negeri Sembilan, Yamtuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan ** Carl Weathers, African-American actor, football player (''Rocky IV'', ''Action Jackson'') * January 15Ronnie Van Zant, American rock musician (''Lynyrd Skynyrd'') (d. 1977) * January 16 ** John Carpenter, American film director, producer, screenwriter and composer ** Gregor Gysi, German politician ** Cliff Thorburn, Canadian snooker player ** Tsuneo Horiuchi, Japanese baseball pitcher, manager * January 17 ** Billy T. James, New Zealand comedian, musician and actor (d. 1991) ** Davíð Oddsson, Prime Minister of Iceland * January 18M. C. Gainey, American actor * January 19 ** Frank McKenna, Premier of New Brunswick, Canadian Ambassador ** Michael J. Jackson, English actor * January 20 ** Nancy Kress, American science fiction writer ** Jerry L. Ross, American air engineer * January 21William E. Ingram Jr., Director of the U.S. Army National Guard * January 22Don Gaetz, American politician * January 23 ** Katharine Holabird, American writer ** Mitoji Yabunaka, Japanese politician * January 27Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian dancer * January 28Charles Taylor, Liberian politician, 22nd President of Liberia * January 29Marc Singer, Canadian actor (''V'') * January 30 ** Akira Yoshino, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize laureate ** Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member * January 31 ** Paul Jabara, American actor, singer and songwriter (d. 1992) ** Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician

February

* February 1Rick James, African-American urban singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer (d. 2004) * February 2 ** Ina Garten, American cooking author ** Roger Williamson, British race car driver (d. 1973) * February 3 ** Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, East Timorean Catholic bishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize ** Henning Mankell, Swedish crime novelist (d. 2015) * February 4 ** Alice Cooper, American hard rock singer and musician (''School's Out'') ** Ram Baran Yadav, President of Nepal * February 5 ** Jim Dornan, Northern Irish obstetrician and gynecologist (d. 2021) ** Sven-Göran Eriksson, Swedish football manager ** Christopher Guest, American actor, screenwriter, director and composer (''National Lampoon'', ''Saturday Night Live'') ** Barbara Hershey, American actress (''Beaches'') ** Tom Wilkinson, English actor * February 7Jimmy Greenspoon, American keyboardist, composer (''Three Dog Night'') (d. 2015) * February 8Dan Seals, American musician (d. 2009) * February 9 ** Greg Stafford, American game designer, publisher (d. 2018) ** David Hayman, Scottish film, television, and stage actor, director * February 10 ** Ûssarĸak K'ujaukitsoĸ, Greenlandic Inuit politician, human rights activist (d. 2018) ** John Magnier, Irish businessman, thoroughbred racehorse breeder * February 11Chris Rush, American stand-up comedian * February 12Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor, author * February 13Kitten Natividad, Mexican-American film actress * February 14 ** Jackie Martling, American comedian, radio personality ** Wally Tax, Dutch musician (d. 2005) ** Raymond Teller, American illusionist and magician, one half of the duo Penn & Teller ** Yehuda Shoenfeld, Israeli physician, autoimmunity researcher * February 15Larry DiTillio, American film and TV series writer (d. 2019) * February 16 ** Eckhart Tolle, German-Canadian spiritual author * February 17 ** György Cserhalmi, Hungarian actor ** José José, Mexican singer, actor (d. 2019) * February 18Sinéad Cusack, Irish actress * February 19 ** Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician, author (d. 2002) ** Tony Iommi, English heavy metal guitarist ** Elizabeth Sackler, American activist * February 20Jennifer O'Neill, American model, actress * February 21Christian Vander (musician), French drummer, founder of progressive rock/Zeuhl group Magma * February 22 ** John Ashton, American actor ** Leslie H. Sabo Jr., American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1970) * February 24 ** Jayalalithaa, Indian politician, film actress (d. 2016) ** Walter Smith, Scottish football manager * February 25Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor * February 28 ** Steven Chu, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate ** Mike Figgis, American director, screenwriter and composer ** Kjell Isaksson, Swedish pole vaulter ** Bernadette Peters, American actress, singer ** Mercedes Ruehl, American actress ** Alfred Sant, Leader of Malta Labour Party (1992–), Prime Minister of Malta (1996–1998) * February 29 ** Khalid Salleh, Malaysian actor, poet (d. 2018) ** Ken Foree, American actor ** Henry Small, American-born Canadian singer

March

* March 2 ** R. T. Crowley, American pioneer of electronic commerce ** Rory Gallagher, Irish musician (d. 1995) ** Jeff Kennett, Australian politician * March 4 ** Lindy Chamberlain-Creighton, Australian author (''A Cry in the Dark'') ** James Ellroy, American writer ** Tom Grieve, American baseball player ** Leron Lee, American baseball player ** Chris Squire, English bassist (Yes) (d. 2015) ** Shakin' Stevens, Welsh singer ** Brian Cummings, American voice actor * March 5 ** Eddy Grant, Guyanese British singer, musician ("Electric Avenue") ** Elaine Paige, English singer, actress * March 6Anna Maria Horsford, African-American actress (''Amen'') * March 8 ** Sinta Nuriyah, 4th First Lady of Indonesia, wife of Abdurrahman Wahid ** Jonathan Sacks, British Orthodox rabbi, philosopher, theologian, author and politician (d. 2020) * March 9 ** László Lovász, Hungarian mathematician ** Jeffrey Osborne, African-American singer ("On the Wings of Love") * March 10Doug Clark, American serial killer * March 11 ** Roy Barnes, American politician, 80th Governor of Georgia ** Dominique Sanda, French actress * March 12James Taylor, American singer, songwriter ("Fire and Rain") * March 13Maurice A. de Gosson, Austrian mathematician * March 14 ** Tom Coburn, American politician and physician (d. 2020) ** Billy Crystal, American actor, comedian * March 15Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003) * March 16Margaret Weis, American science fiction writer * March 17William Gibson, American/Canadian writer * March 18 ** Jessica B. Harris, American historian and journalist ** Bobby Whitlock, American singer and songwriter * March 20 ** John de Lancie, American actor ** Bobby Orr, Canadian hockey player ** Helene Vannari, Estonian actress * March 22 ** Inri Cristo, Brazilian educator who claims to be Jesus Christ reincarnated ** Wolf Blitzer, American television journalist (CNN) ** Andrew Lloyd Webber, English composer (''Jesus Christ Superstar'') * March 25Bonnie Bedelia, American actress * March 26 ** Nash the Slash (b. James Jeffrey Plewman), Canadian musician (d. 2014) ** Steven Tyler, American rock singer, songwriter (Aerosmith) * March 28 **Jayne Ann Krentz, American novelist **Dianne Wiest, American actress * March 29 ** Mike Heideman, American basketball coach (d. 2018) ** Bud Cort, American actor (''Harold and Maude'') * March 30Eddie Jordan, Irish founder of Jordan Grand Prix * March 31 ** Al Gore, 45th Vice President of the United States, 2000 Democratic nominee for president, environmentalist ** Rhea Perlman, American actress (''Cheers'')

April

* April 1Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer, actor * April 2 ** Bob Lienhard, American basketball player (d. 2018) ** Roald Als, Danish cartoonist * April 3Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Mexican economist, politician and 53rd President of Mexico (1988-1994) * April 4 ** Squire Parsons, American gospel singer, songwriter ** Dan Simmons, American fantasy, science fiction author ** Berry Oakley, American musician (d. 1972) * April 5Neil Portnow, American President of The Recording Academy (NARAS) * April 7 ** Arnie Robinson, American Olympic Long jump champion (d. 2020) ** John Oates, American rock singer, guitarist (''Hall & Oates'') ** Pietro Anastasi, Italian football player (d. 2020) * April 9Jaya Bachchan, Indian actress and politician * April 10Fauzi Bowo, Indonesian politician, diplomat and former governor of Jakarta * April 12 ** Jeremy Beadle, English TV presenter (d. 2008) ** Don Fernando, American pornographic film actor, director **Joschka Fischer, German politician ** Marcello Lippi, Italian football player, manager * April 13 ** Nam Hae-il, 25th Chief of Naval Operations of the Republic of Korea Navy ** Mikhail Shufutinsky, Soviet, Russian singer, actor and TV presenter * April 15Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003) * April 16 ** Ammar El Sherei, Egyptian music icon, celebrity (d. 2012) ** Kazuyuki Sogabe, Japanese voice actor (d. 2006) * April 17 ** Jan Hammer, Czechoslovakian composer, pianist and keyboardist ** Peter Jenni, Swiss experimental particle physicist * April 18Avi Arad, Israeli-American film producer * April 20Paul Milgrom, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate * April 21 ** Paul Davis, American singer, songwriter (''Cool Night'') (d. 2008) ** Josef Flammer, Swiss ophthalmologist (after whom Flammer syndrome is named) * April 24István Szívós, Hungarian water polo player (d. 2019) * April 27 ** Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician ** Frank Abagnale, American con man, imposter ** Si Robertson, American reality star, preacher, hunter, outdoorsman, and U.S. Army veteran * April 28 ** Terry Pratchett, English comic fantasy, science fiction author (d. 2015) ** Marcia Strassman, American actress, singer (''Welcome Back, Kotter'') (d. 2014) * April 29Michael Karoli, German musician (d. 2001) * April 30Jocelyne Saab, Lebanese journalist, film director (d. 2019)

May

* May 2 ** Vladimir Matorin, Russian opera singer ** Larry Gatlin, American singer, songwriter * May 3 ** William H. Miller, American maritime historian ** Chris Mulkey, American actor * May 4 ** Jan Kantůrek, Czech translator (d. 2018) ** Tanya Falan, American singer ** King George Tupou V of Tongo (d. 2012) * May 5 ** Joe Esposito, American singer, songwriter ** Richard Pacheco, American pornographic actor ** Bill Ward, English rock drummer * May 7 ** Susan Atkins, convicted murderer and ex-follower of Charles Manson (d. 2009) * May 8 ** Dame Felicity Lott, English soprano ** Stephen Stohn, Canadian television producer * May 9 ** Steven W. Mosher, American social scientist, author ** Calvin Murphy, American basketball player, analyst * May 10Meg Foster, American actress * May 11 ** Pam Ferris, Welsh actress ** Shigeru Izumiya, Japanese musician * May 12 ** Steve Winwood, English rock singer (''Higher Love'') ** Lindsay Crouse, American actress * May 13Hawk Wolinski, American keyboardist * May 14Bob Woolmer, Indian-born English cricket coach (d. 2007) * May 15 ** Yutaka Enatsu, Japanese professional baseball pitcher ** Brian Eno, English musician, record producer * May 16Jesper Christensen, Danish actor * May 17Penny DeHaven, American country singer (d. 2014) * May 18 ** Olivia Harrison, American author and film producer ** Mikko Heiniö, Finnish composer * May 19Grace Jones, Jamaican singer, actress * May 20Tesshō Genda, Japanese voice actor * May 21 ** D'Jamin Bartlett, American musical theatre actress ** Elizabeth Buchan, English writer ** Jonathan Hyde, Australian-born English actor ** Carol Potter, American actress ** Leo Sayer, English rock musician (''When I Need You'') * May 22Richard Baker (American politician), American politician * May 23Gary McCord, American professional golfer * May 25Klaus Meine, German singer (''Scorpions'') * May 26 ** Dayle Haddon, Canadian model, actress ** Stevie Nicks, American rock singer, songwriter (''Fleetwood Mac'') * May 27Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant * May 29Michael Berkeley, English composer * May 30Paul L. Schechter, American astronomer and cosmologist * May 31 ** Svetlana Alexievich, Belarusian writer of literary reportage, Nobel Prize laureate ** Lynda Bellingham, English actress, broadcaster and author (d. 2014) ** John Bonham, English rock drummer (''Led Zeppelin'') (d. 1980) ** Joseph A. Stirt, American anesthesiologist, author

June

* June 1 ** Powers Boothe, American actor (''Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones'') (d. 2017) ** Tom Sneva, American race car driver, Indianapolis 500 winner * June 2Jerry Mathers, American actor (''Leave It to Beaver'') * June 3Carlos Franzetti, Argentine composer and arranger * June 4 ** Bob Champion, English jump jockey ** David Haskell, American actor (d. 2000) * June 5Alex Sink, American politician * June 6Richard Sinclair, English musician (''Caravan'') * June 7Jim C. Walton, American business person, (′′Walmart′′) * June 8 ** Jürgen von der Lippe, German television presenter, actor and comedian ** Jad Azkoul, Lebanese-American classical guitarist * June 9 ** Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician ** Gary Thorne, American play-by-play announcer * June 10Subrata Roy, Indian businessman * June 11Dave Cash, American baseball player * June 12Sadegh Zibakalam, Iranian academic reformist * June 13Garnet Bailey, Canadian hockey player, scout (d. 2001) * June 14Laurence Yep, American author * June 15Paul Michiels, Belgian singer, songwriter * June 16Terry Schofield, American basketball player * June 17Dave Concepción, Venezuelan baseball player * June 18Sherry Turkle, American science/social studies professor * June 19 ** Nick Drake, English musician (d. 1974) ** Lea Laven, Finnish singer ** Phylicia Rashad, African-American actress (''The Cosby Show'') * June 20 ** Diana Mara Henry, American freelance photojournalist ** Alan Longmuir, Scottish musician (d. 2018) ** Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru ** Tina Sinatra, American former singer, actress, film producer, and memoirist * June 21 ** Lionel Rose, Australian boxer (d. 2011) ** Jovan Aćimović, Serbian football player ** Raffaello Martinelli, Italian prelate ** Philippe Sarde, French film composer ** Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer ** Wolfgang Seel, German football player ** Greg Hyder, American professional basketball player * June 22 ** Madeleine Meilleur, Canadian politician ** Takashi Sasano, Japanese actor ** Shōhaku Okumura, Japanese Soto Zen ** Peter Prijdekker, Dutch swimmer ** Sue Roberts, American professional golfer ** Todd Rundgren, American rock singer, record producer (''Hello It's Me'') ** Curtis Johnson, American football cornerback ** Franciszek Smuda, Polish football coach ** Panagiotis Xanthakos, Greek sports shoote ** Colin Waldron, English football defender * June 23 ** Larry Coker, American football player, coach ** Jim Heacock, American defensive coordinator ** Luther Kent, American blues singer ** Clarence Thomas, African-American Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States * June 24 ** Stephen Martin, Australian politician, senior academic and rugby league referee ** Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player ** Janet Museveni, First Lady of Uganda ** Dave Orchard, South African cricketer ** Eigil Sørensen, Danish cyclist ** Jürgen Stars, German footballer ** Jenny Wood, Zimbabwean swimmer * June 25 ** Kenn George, American businessman ** Michael Lembeck, American actor, television and film director ** Tom Rideout, Canadian politician * June 26 ** David Vaughan, Welsh professional golfer ** John Pratt, English professional footballer ** Pablo Anaya Rivera, Mexican politician * June 27 ** Vennira Aadai Nirmala, Tamil actress ** Michael J. Barrett, Guamanian politician ** Camile Baudoin, American rock guitarist * June 28 ** Deborah Moggach, English writer ** Kathy Bates, American actress (''Misery'') ** Jimmy Thomson, Scottish professional footballer ** Brian Rowan, Scottish professional footballer * June 29 ** Danny Adcock, Australian actor ** Vic Brooks, English cricketer ** Leo Burke, Canadian professional wrestler ** Fred Grandy, American actor, politician (''The Love Boat'') ** Helge Karlsen, Norwegian football player ** Ian Paice, English musician (''Deep Purple'') ** Usha Prashar, Baroness Prashar, crossbench member of the House of Lords * June 30 ** Alice Wong, Canadian politician ** Dag Fornæss, Norwegian speed skater ** Peter Rossborough, English rugby union international ** Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Australian Indigenous community leader ** Vladimir Yakunin, Russian official, head of state-run Russian Railways Company ** Raymond Leo Burke, American cardinal, prelate

July

* July 1 ** Ever Hugo Almeida, Paraguayan footballer ** John Ford, English-born rock musician (''Strawbs''), writer of ''Part of the Union'' ** Michael McGimpsey, Northern Ireland politician * July 2 ** Mario Villanueva, Mexican politician ** Saul Rubinek, German-Canadian character actor, director, producer and playwright * July 3Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist * July 4 ** René Arnoux, French racing driver ** Louis Raphaël I Sako, Head of the Chaldean Catholic Church ** Ed Armbrister, Bahamian Major League Baseball outfielder ** Nazmul Hussain, Indian first-class cricketer ** Jeremy Spencer, British musician * July 5 ** Tony DeMeo, American football coach, player ** Dave Lemonds, American baseball player ** Salomon Juan Marcos Issa, Mexican politician ** Lojze Peterle, Slovenian politician * July 6 ** Nathalie Baye, French actress ** Jeff Webb, American professional basketball player ** Arnaldo Baptista, Brazilian rock musician, composer ** Brad Park, Canadian NHL Defenseman ** Sid Smith, American football offensive lineman ** Eiko Segawa, Japanese female enka singer, actress ** Jan van der Veen, Dutch professional association football player * July 7 ** Jerry Sherk, American football defensive tackle ** Jean LeClerc, Québécois actor ** Jean-Marie Colombani, French journalist ** Tan Lee Meng, Singaporean jurist ** Stuart Varney, British-American economic consultant ** Luis Estrada, Mexican football league forward, Olympic athlete * July 8Raffi, Egyptian-born children's entertainer * July 10 ** Theo Bücker, German football manager, player ** Mick Coop, English professional football right back ** Rich Hand, American professional baseball player * July 12 ** Richard Simmons, American television personality, fitness expert ** Jay Thomas, American actor (d. 2017) * July 13 ** Alf Hansen, Norwegian rower ** Daphne Maxwell Reid, African-American actress ** Don Sweet, Canadian star football kicker ** Robert A. Underwood, Guamanian politician, educator * July 14Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, Zulu king (d. 2021) * July 15 ** Enriqueta Basilio, Mexican track and field athlete (d.2019) ** Richard Franklin, Australian film director (d. 2007) ** Twinkle, English singer, songwriter (d. 2015) * July 16 ** Rubén Blades, Panamanian singer, actor and musician ** Rita Barberá, Spanish politician, Mayor of Valencia (d. 2016) ** Lars Lagerbäck, Swedish football manager, player ** Jeff Van Wagenen, American professional golfer ** Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli violinist * July 17 ** Doug Berry, American Canadian football coach ** Alan Sieler, Australian cricketer * July 18Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate * July 20 ** Muse Watson, American actor ** Maroun Elias Nimeh Lahham, Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tunis * July 21 ** Beppe Grillo, Italian activist, blogger, comedian and actor ** Ed Hinton, American sportswriter ** Cat Stevens (b. Steven Georgiou, later known as Yusuf Islam), British singer, musician ** Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist (''Doonesbury'') ** Teruzane Utada, Japanese music executive producer, attendant ** Mikhail Zadornov, Russian stand-up comedian, writer ** Snooty, male Florida manatee (d. 2017) * July 22 ** Susan Eloise Hinton, American author ** Otto Waalkes, German comedian, actor * July 23John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician * July 25 ** Steve Goodman, American Grammy Award-winning folk music singer, songwriter (d. 1984) ** Tony Cline, American football player (d. 2018) * July 27Peggy Fleming, American figure skater * July 28 ** Gerald Casale, American director, singer (''Devo'')\ ** Georgia Engel, American actress (d. 2019) ** Sally Struthers, American actress, spokeswoman (''All in the Family'') * July 30 ** Jean Reno, French actor ** Julia Tsenova, Bulgarian composer, musician (d. 2010) * July 31Jonathan Dollimore, English academic sociologist, cultural theorist

August

* August 1Jim Carroll, American author, poet and musician (d. 2009) * August 2 ** Dennis Prager, American radio talk show host, author ** Bob Rae, Canadian politician * August 3Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Prime Minister of France * August 7James P. Allison, American immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine * August 12Mizengo Pinda, 9th Prime Minister of Tanzania * August 13Kathleen Battle, African-American soprano * August 14Joseph Marcell, English actor * August 15 ** Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, Iranian cleric, politician (d. 2018) ** George Ryton, Singapore-born English Formula One engineer * August 18Sean Scanlan, Scottish actor (d. 2017) * August 19Loredana Lopez, Spanish singer (d. 1996) ** Robert Hughes, Australian actor ** Tipper Gore, Second Lady of the United States ** Deana Martin, American singer and actress * August 20 ** John Noble, Australian actor ** Robert Plant, English singer (''Led Zeppelin'') ** Barbara Allen Rainey (b. Barbara Ann Allen), American aviator, first female pilot in the U.S. armed forces (d. 1982) * August 21 ** Sharon M. Draper, American children's book author (''Out of My Mind (Draper novel)'') ** Peter Starkie, Australian rock guitarist (Skyhooks, Jo Jo Zep & The Falcons) * August 22David Marks, American guitarist (''The Beach Boys'') * August 23Lev Zeleny, Soviet, Russian physicist * August 24 ** Jean-Michel Jarre, French electronic musician ** Sauli Niinistö, Finnish politician, 12th President of Finland ** Kim Sung-il, Chief of Staff of the Republic of Korea Air Force ** Vicente Sotto III, Filipino actor, host and politician * August 25Tony Ramos, Brazilian actor * August 27Sgt. Slaughter, American professional wrestler * August 30 ** Lewis Black, American comedian ** Fred Hampton, African-American activist (d. 1969) ** Victor Skumin, Russian scientist, professor * August 31 ** Cyril Jordan, American musician ** Holger Osieck, German football manager

September

* September 1James Rebhorn, American actor (d. 2014) * September 2 ** Nate Archibald, American basketball player ** Terry Bradshaw, American football player, sportscaster ** Christa McAuliffe, American teacher and astronaut (d. in Space Shuttle ''Challenger'' disaster 1986) * September 3 ** Don Brewer, American drummer (''Grand Funk Railroad'') ** Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian president (d. 2008) * September 4 ** Michael Berryman, American actor ** Samuel Hui, Hong Kong singer * September 5Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat, politician * September 7Susan Blakely, American actress * September 8The Great Kabuki, Japanese professional wrestler * September 10 ** Judy Geeson, English actress ** Bob Lanier, American basketball player ** Margaret Trudeau (b. Margaret Sinclair), wife and mother of Prime Ministers of Canada ** Charlie Waters, American football player * September 11John Martyn (b. Iain McGeachy), British folk-rock guitarist (d. 2009) * September 13 ** Nell Carter, African-American singer, actress (''Gimme a Break!'') (d. 2003) ** Sitiveni Rabuka, 3rd Prime Minister of Fiji ** Kathleen Lloyd, American actress * September 16Ron Blair, American rock bassist (''Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers'') * September 17 ** Aidan Nichols, English Dominican priest and academic ** John Ritter, American actor (''Three's Company'') (d. 2003) * September 19 ** Jeremy Irons, English actor ** Nadiya Tkachenko, Soviet pentathlete * September 20 ** Rey Langit, Filipino journalist, radio host ** George R. R. Martin, American speculative fiction author * September 22 ** Denis Burke, Australian politician ** Jim Byrnes, American voice actor, blues musician and actor ** Mark Phillips, British army captain, equestrian and first husband of Anne, Princess Royal * September 23José Lavat, Mexican voice actor (d. 2018) * September 24Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian (''Saturday Night Live'') (d. 1998) * September 25 ** Cäcilia Rentmeister, German art historian, gender researcher ** Vladimir Yevtushenkov, Russian oligarch * September 26 ** Maurizio Gucci, Italian businessman, murder victim (d. 1995) ** Olivia Newton-John, English-born Australian singer, actress ** Vladimír Remek, Czech politician and cosmonaut * September 27 ** Michele Dotrice, English actress ** A Martinez, American actor, singer * September 29 ** Mark Farner, American rock guitarist, singer (''Grand Funk Railroad'') ** Bryant Gumbel, African-American television broadcaster (''The Today Show'') ** Theo Jörgensmann, German jazz clarinetist ** Burton Richardson, American game show announcer

October

* October 1 ** Mark Landon, American actor (d. 2009) ** Sir Peter Blake, New Zealand yachtsman (k. 2001) * October 2 ** Avery Brooks, American actor, musician ** Persis Khambatta, Indian actress, model (''Star Trek: The Motion Picture'') (d. 1998) ** Chris LeDoux, American singer, rodeo star (d. 2005) ** Donna Karan, American fashion designer * October 4 ** Meg Bennett, American soap opera writer ** Iain Hewitson, New Zealand-Australian chef, restaurateur, author, and television personality *October 6 ** Wendell Ladner, American basketball player (d. 1975) ** Gerry Adams, Northern Irish politician * October 7Diane Ackerman, American poet, essayist * October 8 ** Johnny Ramone, American guitarist (''Ramones'') (d. 2004) ** Baldwin Spencer, 3rd Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda * October 9 ** Jackson Browne, American rock musician (''Running on Empty'') ** Ciarán Carson, Northern Irish poet, novelist ** Oliver Hart, English-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate * October 11 ** Margie Alexander, American gospel, soul singer (d. 2013) ** Cynthia Clawson, American gospel singer * October 12Rick Parfitt, English musician (''Status Quo'') (d. 2016) * October 13 ** John Ford Coley, American rock musician (''I'd Really Love to See You Tonight'') ** Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician (d. 1997) ** Ted Poe, American politician * October 14 ** Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007) ** David Ruprecht, American actor, writer (''Supermarket Sweep'') ** John Otto, American politician (d. 2020) * October 15 ** Renato Corona, Filipino jurist, lawyer (d. 2016) ** Chris de Burgh, born Christopher Davison, Argentine-born Anglo-Irish singer, songwriter * October 16 ** Leo Mazzone, American baseball coach ** Hema Malini, Indian actress, writer, director, producer, dancer and politician * October 17 ** Robert Jordan, American novelist (d. 2007) ** Margot Kidder, Canadian actress (''Superman'') (d. 2018) ** Akira Kushida, Japanese singer ** Ng Jui Ping, Singaporean entrepreneur and former army general (d. 2020) ** George Wendt, American actor (''Cheers'') * October 18 ** Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher ** Ntozake Shange, African-American playwright and poet (d. 2018) * October 19Patrick Simmons, American musician (''The Doobie Brothers'') * October 21 ** Tom Everett, American actor ** Allen Vigneron, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Detroit * October 22 ** Lynette Fromme, American attempted assassin of Gerald Ford ** Debbie Macomber, American author * October 23 – Sir Gerry Robinson, Irish-born British businessman * October 25 ** Dave Cowens, American basketball player, coach ** Dan Gable, American wrestler, coach ** Dan Issel, American basketball player and coach * October 26Toby Harrah, American baseball player * October 28Telma Hopkins, African-American actress, singer (''Tony Orlando and Dawn'') * October 29Kate Jackson, American actress (''Charlie's Angels'') * October 30Garry McDonald, Australian actor, satirist, and comedian

November

File:Amadou_Toure_cropped.jpg.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Amadou Toumani Touré">File:Amadou Toure cropped.jpg">100px|[[Amadou Toumani Touré * [[November 1 – [[Anna Stuart, American actress * [[November 3 – [[Lulu (singer)|Lulu (b. Marie McDonald McLaughlin Lawrie), Scottish singer, actress (''[[To Sir, with Love'') * [[November 4 ** Delia Casanova, Mexican actress ** Amadou Toumani Touré, 3rd President of Mali (d. 2020) * November 5 ** Charles Bradley, African-American singer (d. 2017) ** Bob Barr, American politician ** Dallas Holm, American Christian musician ** Zacharias Jimenez, Filipino Roman Catholic bishop (d. 2018) ** Khalid Ibrahim Khan, Pakistani politician (d. 2018) ** William Daniel Phillips, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate * November 6Glenn Frey, American guitarist, singer (''Eagles'') (d. 2016) * November 7Jim Houghton, American actor, director * November 9 ** Viktor Matviyenko, Ukrainian footballer, coach (d. 2018) ** Luiz Felipe Scolari, Brazilian football player, manager ** Kelly Harmon, American actress and model * November 10Vincent Schiavelli, American character actor and food writer (d. 2005) * November 12 ** Skip Campbell, American politician (d. 2018) ** Hassan Rouhani, 7th President of Iran ** Richard Roberts, American evangelist, son of Oral Roberts * November 13 ** Humayun Ahmed, Bengali-language writer ** Lockwood Smith, New Zealand politician * November 14 ** Charles, Prince of Wales (b. Prince Charles of Edinburgh), heir apparent to the British throne and son of Elizabeth II (at this time Duchess of Edinburgh) and The Duke of Edinburgh ** Robert Ginty, American actor, producer, screenwriter and director (d. 2009) ** Dee Wallace, American actress * November 15James Kemsley, Australian cartoonist, actor (d. 2007) * November 16 ** Chi Coltrane, American musician (''Thunder and Lightning'') ** Ken James, Australian actor ** Mutt Lange, Rhodesian-born record producer ** Mate Parlov, Yugoslav Olympic boxer (d. 2008) * November 17 ** Howard Dean, American politician, 79th Governor of Vermont ** Tom Wolf, American politician, 47th Governor of Pennsylvania * November 18Dom Irrera, American actor and stand-up comedian * November 19Rance Allen, African-American gospel singer, preacher * November 20 ** Harlee McBride, American actress ** John R. Bolton, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N., National Security Advisor ** Barbara Hendricks, American singer ** Richard Masur, American actor, director and president of the Screen Actors Guild * November 21 ** Alphonse Mouzon, American jazz drummer (d. 2016) ** Michel Suleiman, President of Lebanon * November 22Saroj Khan, Indian dance choreographer (d. 2020) * November 23 ** Dominique-France Picard (aka Princess Fadila of Egypt), wife of King Fuad II of Egypt and the Sudan ** Ron Bouchard, American NASCAR driver (d. 2015) ** Gabriele Seyfert, East German figure skater * November 24Joe Howard, American actor * November 25Antoine Sfeir, Franco-Lebanese journalist, professor (d. 2018) * November 26 ** Elizabeth Blackburn, Australian-American biologist, winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine ** Gayle McCormick, American singer (''Smith'') (d. 2016) ** Marianne Muellerleile, American actress * November 28Agnieszka Holland, Polish film, television director and screenwriter

December

* December 2 ** T. Coraghessan Boyle, American writer ** Rajat Gupta, Indian-American businessman ** Patricia Hewitt, British Labour Party politician ** Toninho Horta, Brazilian singer, musician ** Christine Westermann, German television, radio host, journalist and author * December 3 ** Rick Cua, American singer, evangelist ** Ozzy Osbourne, English singer (''Black Sabbath'') * December 6 ** Keke Rosberg, Finnish Formula One champion ** Marius Müller-Westernhagen, German actor, musician ** JoBeth Williams, American actress, director ** Yoshihide Suga, Prime Minister of Japan * December 7 ** Gary Morris, American country singer, actor ** Tony Thomas, American television and film producer ** Mads Vinding, Danish bassist * December 10Abu Abbas, Palestine Liberation Front founder (d. 2004) * December 11Chester Thompson, American rock drummer * December 12Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, 20th President of Portugal * December 13 ** Lillian Board, South African-born English Olympic athlete (d. 1970) ** Ted Nugent, American rock guitarist, singer, conservative political commentator (''Cat Scratch Fever'') ** David O'List, English rock guitarist * December 14 ** Lester Bangs, American music journalist (d. 1982) ** Kim Beazley, Australian politician ** Dee Wallace, American actress * December 15 **Melanie Chartoff, American actress and singer (''Rugrats'') **Charlie Scott, American basketball player * December 18Edmund Kemper, American serial killer * December 19Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player * December 20Alan Parsons, English songwriter, musician and record producer * December 21 ** Samuel L. Jackson, African-American actor, film producer ** Willi Resetarits, Austrian musician, cabaret artist * December 22 ** Noel Edmonds, English TV presenter, DJ ** Steve Garvey, American baseball player ** Flip Mark, American child actor ** Lynne Thigpen, African-American actress (''Godspell'') (d. 2003) * December 23Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, educator, author and music journalist * December 25 ** Alia Al-Hussein, born Alia Toukan, queen consort of Jordan (d. 1977) ** Barbara Mandrell, American country singer, musician and actress * December 27 **Ronnie Caldwell, American soul music, rhythm and blues musician (d. 1967) **Gérard Depardieu, French actor * December 28Mary Weiss, American singer (''The Shangri-Las'') * December 29Peter Robinson, Northern Ireland First Minister * December 31 ** Stephen Cleobury, English choral conductor (d. 2019) ** Joe Dallesandro, American model, actor ** Sandy Jardine, Scottish professional footballer, playing for Rangers and Hearts and representing Scotland (d. 2014) ** Donna Summer, African-American singer, actress (''Love to Love You Baby'') (d. 2012)

Deaths



January

* January 1Edna May, American actress (b. 1878) * January 2Vicente Huidobro, Chilean poet (b. 1893) * January 4Anna Kallina, Austrian actress (b. 1874) * January 5Mary Dimmick Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison (b. 1858) * January 7 ** Charles C. Wilson, American actor (b. 1894) ** Maria de Maeztu Whitney, Spanish educator, feminist (b. 1882) * January 8 ** Charles Magnusson, Swedish producer, screenwriter (b. 1878) ** Kurt Schwitters, German artist (b. 1887) ** Edward Stanley Kellogg, 16th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1870) * January 12Herbert Allen Farmer, American criminal (b. 1891) * January 19Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869) * January 21 ** Eliza Moore, last person born into slavery in the United States (b. 1843) ** Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian composer (b. 1876) * January 24 ** Bill Cody, American actor (b. 1891) ** Maria Mandl, Austrian concentration camp guard and war criminal (executed) (b. 1912) * January 26Georg Bruchmüller, influential German artillery officer (b. 1863) * January 28 ** Therese Brandl, German concentration camp guard and war criminal (executed) (b. 1902) ** Anna Maria Gove, American physician (b. 1867) * January 29 – King Tomislav II of Croatia (b. 1900) * January 30 ** Nigel De Brulier, British actor (b. 1877) ** Sir Arthur Coningham, British air force air marshal (disappeared) (b. 1895) ** Mahatma Gandhi, Leader of Indian independence movement, (assassinated) (b. 1869) ** Orville Wright, American co-inventor of the airplane (b. 1871)

February

* February 2Bevil Rudd, South African athlete (b. 1894) * February 8Samuel P. Bush, American businessman, industrialist (b. 1863) * February 9Karl Valentin, German actor (b. 1882) * February 11 ** Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet film director (b. 1898) ** Isaac Isaacs, 9th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1855) * February 15Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Indian poet (b. 1904) * February 23John Robert Gregg, Irish-born inventor of shorthand (b. 1866) * February 25 ** Alfredo Baldomir, Uruguayan politician, soldier, architect, 27th President of Uruguay and World War II leader (b. 1884) ** Alexander du Toit, South African geologist (b. 1878) ** Juan Esteban Montero, Chilean political figure, 20th President of Chile (b. 1879) * February 27Patriarch Nicodim of Romania (b. 1864)

March

* March 4Antonin Artaud, French playwright, actor and director (b. 1896) * March 10 ** Zelda Fitzgerald, American wife of F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900) ** Jan Masaryk, Czechoslovakian Foreign Minister (b. 1886) * March 23George Milne, 1st Baron Milne, British field marshal (b. 1866) * March 24 ** Nikolai Berdyaev, Soviet religious leader, political philosopher (b. 1874) ** Paolo Thaon di Revel, former admiral of the Royal Italian Navy (b. 1859) * March 31Egon Erwin Kisch, Austrian journalist, author (b. 1885)

April

* April 2 ** Biagio Biagetti, Italian painter (b. 1877) ** Baba Sawan Singh, Indian saint known as "The Great Master" (b. 1858) * April 5Angelo Joseph Rossi, American political figure, Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1878) * April 7Isabel Andreu de Aguilar, Puerto Rican writer, educator, philanthropist and activist (b. 1887) * April 8Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, Palestinian Arab nationalist (b. 1907) * April 9 ** George Carpenter, 5th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1872) ** Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (assassinated) (b. 1903) * April 12Masaomi Yasuoka, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1886) * April 15Manuel Roxas, Filipino statesman, 5th President of the Philippines (b. 1892) * April 17Kantarō Suzuki, Japanese admiral, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1868) * April 19Mikhail Rostovtsev, Soviet actor (b. 1872) * April 20Mitsumasa Yonai, Japanese admiral and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1880) * April 21Carlos López Buchardo, Argentine composer (b. 1881) * April 22Prosper Montagné, French chef and author (b. 1865) * April 24Manuel Ponce, Mexican composer (b. 1882) * April 25Gerardo Matos Rodriguez, Uruguayan composer, journalist and pianist (b. 1897) * April 30Alfredo Miguel Aguayo Sánchez, Puerto Rican educator, writer (b. 1866)

May

* May 9Viola Allen, American actress (b. 1867) * May 13 ** Milan Begović, Yugoslavian writer (b. 1876) ** Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington (b. 1920) * May 15 ** André Dauchez, French painter (b. 1870) ** Father Edward J. Flanagan, Irish-born American Roman Catholic priest, founder of Boys Town and monsignor (b. 1886) ** Toyoaki Horiuchi, Japanese general, Class B war criminal suspect (executed) (b. 1900) * May 16Muhammad Habibullah, Indian politician (b. 1869) * May 18Francisco Alonso, Spanish composer (b. 1887) * May 19Maximilian Lenz, Austrian painter and sculptor (b. 1860) * May 21Jacques Feyder, French filmmaker (b. 1885) * May 22Claude McKay, Jamaican-born American writer and poet (b. 1889) * May 25Witold Pilecki, Polish resistance leader (executed) (b. 1901) * May 26Émile Gaston Chassinat, French egyptologist (b. 1868) * May 28Unity Mitford, British socialite; friend of Adolf Hitler (b. 1914) * May 29 – Dame May Whitty, British actress (b. 1865) * May 30József Klekl, Slovene politician in Hungary (b. 1874)

June

* June 1José Vianna da Motta, Portuguese pianist, teacher and composer (b. 1868) * June 2 ** Viktor Brack, German doctor (executed) (b. 1904) ** Karl Brandt, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1904) ** Rudolf Brandt, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1909) ** Karl Gebhardt, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1897) ** Waldemar Hoven, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1903) ** Joachim Mrugowsky, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1905) ** Wolfram Sievers, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1905) * June 6Louis Lumière, French film pioneer (b. 1864) * June 8Giacomo Albanese, Italian mathematician (b. 1890) * June 13Osamu Dazai, Japanese writer (b. 1909) * June 16Eugênia Álvaro Moreyra, Brazilian journalist, actress and director (b. 1898) * June 25 ** Bento de Jesus Caraça, Portuguese mathematician, economist and statistician (b. 1901) ** William C. Lee, American general (b. 1895) * June 26 ** Nasib al-Bitar, Palestine jurist (b. 1890) ** Lilian Velez, Filipino actress (murdered) (b. 1924) * June 30Prince Sabahaddin (b. 1879)

July

* July 1Assunta Marchetti, Italian Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed * July 4 ** Albert Bates, American criminal (b. 1893) ** Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882) * July 5 ** Georges Bernanos, French writer (b. [[1888) ** [[Charles Fillmore (Unity Church)|Charles Fillmore, American [[Protestant mystic (b. [[1854) ** [[Carole Landis, American actress (b. [[1919) * [[July 9 ** [[James Baskett, African-American actor (Uncle Remus in Disney's [[Song of the South) (b. [[1904) ** [[Alcibiades Diamandi, Greek political figure (b. [[1893) * [[July 11 ** [[King Baggot, American actor (b. [[1879) ** [[Franz Weidenreich, German anatomist, physical anthropologist (b. [[1873) * [[July 14 ** [[Harry Brearley, British inventor of stainless steel (b. [[1871) ** [[Marguerite Moreno, French actress (b. [[1871) * [[July 15 – [[John J. Pershing, American general (b. [[1860) * [[July 17 – [[Ildebrando Zacchini, Maltese painter, inventor and traveller (b. [[1868) * [[July 18 ** [[May Moss, Australian women's rights activist (b. [[1869) ** [[Baldassarre Negroni, Italian director, screenwriter (b. [[1877) * [[July 21 – [[Arshile Gorky, Soviet-born painter (b. [[1904) * [[July 22 – [[Sud Mennucci, Brazilian journalist, educator (b. [[1882) * [[July 23 – [[D. W. Griffith, American film director (''[[The Birth Of A Nation'') (b. [[1875) * [[July 24 – [[Pencho Zlatev, Bulgarian general, 25th [[Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. [[1881) * [[July 26 – [[Antonin Sertillanges, French Catholic philosopher, spiritual writer (b. [[1863) * [[July 27 – [[Joe Tinker, American baseball player ([[Chicago Cubs), [[MLB Hall of Fame member (b. [[1880) * [[July 28 – [[Susan Glaspell, American playwright (b. [[1876) * [[July 31 – [[Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, mistress of President [[Franklin Delano Roosevelt (b. [[1891)

August

* [[August 3 – [[Tommy Ryan, American boxing champion (b. [[1870) * [[August 7 – [[Charles Bryant (actor)|Charles Bryant, American actor (b. 1879) * [[August 10 ** [[Kan'ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian (b. [[1873) ** [[Andrew Brown (soccer)|Andrew Brown, Scottish soccer coach (b. [[1870) * [[August 13 – [[Edwin Maxwell (actor)|Edwin Maxwell, Irish actor (b. [[1886) * [[August 16 – [[Babe Ruth, American baseball player ([[New York Yankees), [[MLB Hall of Fame member (b. [[1895) * [[August 26 – [[George Anderson (actor)|George Anderson, American actor (b. [[1886) * [[August 27 ** [[Cissie Cahalan, Irish trade union, feminist and suffragette (b. [[1876) ** [[Charles Evans Hughes, 11th [[Chief Justice of the United States, 1916 Republican presidential candidate (b. [[1862)

September

* [[September 1 – [[Muhammad VII al-Munsif, ruler of Tunisia (1942–43) (b. [[1881) * [[September 2 – [[Sylvanus Morley|Sylvanus G. Morley, American scholar, World War I spy (b. [[1883) * [[September 3 – [[Edvard Beneš, Czechoslovakian politician, 4th [[Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia and 2-time [[President of Czechoslovakia (b. [[1884) * [[September 5 – [[Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. [[1881) * [[September 7 – [[André Suarès, French poet, critic (b. [[1868) * [[September 10 – Tsar [[Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (b. [[1861) * [[September 11 – Quaid-e-Azam [[Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder, first Governor General of [[Pakistan (b. [[1876) * [[September 12 ** [[Rupert D'Oyly Carte, British hotelier, theatre owner and impresario (b. [[1876) ** [[Carlo Servolini, Italian artist (b. [[1876) * [[September 13 – [[Paul Wegener, German actor, film director, and screenwriter; one of the pioneers of [[German Expressionism (b. [[1874) * [[September 17 ** [[Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist, folklorist (b. [[1887) ** [[Folke Bernadotte, Swedish diplomat (assassinated) (b. [[1895) ** [[Emil Ludwig, German-born Swiss historian, biographer (b. [[1881) ** [[Raffaele Rossi, Italian [[Roman Catholic cardinal, eminence and servant of God (b. [[1876) * [[September 20 – [[Husain Salaahuddin, Famous Mahl writer (b. [[1881) * [[September 22 – [[Prince Adalbert of Prussia (1884–1948)|Prince Adalbert of Prussia (b. [[1884) * [[September 24 – [[Warren William, American actor (b. [[1894) * [[September 26 – [[Gregg Toland, American cinematographer (b. [[1904) * [[September 27 – [[Frank Cellier (actor)|Frank Cellier, British actor (b. [[1884) * [[September 30 ** [[Vasily Kachalov, Soviet actor (b. [[1875) ** [[Edith Roosevelt, [[First Lady of the United States (b. [[1861)

October

* [[October 1 ** [[Francisco Rodrigues da Cruz, Portuguese priest (b. [[1859) ** [[Phraya Manopakorn Nititada, 1st [[Prime Minister of Siam (b. [[1884) * [[October 13 – [[Samuel S. Hinds, American actor (b. [[1875) * [[October 14 – [[Dale Fuller (actress)|Dale Fuller, American actress (b. [[1885) * [[October 15 – [[Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. [[1863) * [[October 18 – [[Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. [[1881) * [[October 21 – [[Elissa Landi, Italian actress (b. [[1904) * [[October 24 – [[Franz Lehár, Hungarian composer (b. [[1870) * [[October 31 – [[Mary Nolan, American actress (b. [[1905)

November

* [[November 4 ** [[Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, British-born American businessman (b. [[1874) ** [[Filippo Perlo, Italian [[Roman Catholic prelate and missionary (b. [[1873) * [[November 7 – [[David Leland (actor)|David Leland, American actor (b. [[1932) * [[November 8 – [[Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria (b. [[1874) * [[November 9 – [[Edgar Kennedy, American actor (b. [[1890) * [[November 10 ** [[Julius Curtius, German politician, diplomat (b. [[1877) ** [[Jack Nelson (actor)|Jack Nelson, American actor, director (b. [[1882) * [[November 11 – [[Fred Niblo, American film director (b. [[1874) * [[November 12 – [[Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. [[1867) * [[November 17 – [[Oerip Soemohardjo, Indonesian general (b. [[1893) * [[November 21 – [[Béla Miklós, Hungarian military officer, politician and 38th [[Prime Minister of Hungary (b. [[1890) * [[November 23 – [[Hack Wilson, American baseball player ([[Chicago Cubs), [[MLB Hall of Fame member (b. [[1900) * [[November 28 – [[D. D. Sheehan, Irish politician (b. [[1873) * [[November 29 ** [[Maria Koppenhöfer, German actress (b. [[1901) ** [[Roberto Omegna, Italian cinematographer, director (b. [[1876) * [[November 30 – [[Franco Vittadini, Italian composer (b. [[1884)

December

* [[December 3 ** [[Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr (1894–1948)|Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr, South African politician (b. [[1894) ** [[Luis Orrego Luco, Chilean politician, lawyer, novelist and diplomat (b. [[1866) ** [[Chano Pozo, Cuban percussionist (b. [[1915) * [[December 8 – [[Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (b. [[1866) * [[December 15 – [[João Tamagnini Barbosa, Portuguese military officer, politician and 69th [[Prime Minister of Portugal (b. [[1883) * [[December 20 – [[C. Aubrey Smith, British actor (b. [[1863) * [[December 21 – [[Władysław Witwicki, Polish psychologist, philosopher, translator, historian (of philosophy and art) and artist (b. [[1878) * [[December 23 – Japanese war leaders (hanged): ** [[Kenji Doihara, general (b. [[1883) ** [[Kōki Hirota, diplomat and politician, 32nd [[Prime Minister of Japan (b. [[1878) ** [[Seishirō Itagaki, military officer (b. [[1885) ** [[Heitarō Kimura, general (b. [[1888) ** [[Iwane Matsui, general (b. [[1878) ** [[Akira Mutō, general (b. [[1892) ** [[Hideki Tojo, general, 40th [[Prime Minister of Japan (b. [[1884) * [[December 26 – [[John Westley (actor)|John Westley, American actor (b. [[1878) * [[December 28 ** [[Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari, Indian civil servant, politician (b. [[1894) ** [[Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha, Egyptian political figure, 27th [[Prime Minister of Egypt (assassinated) (b. [[1888) * [[December 31 – [[Malcolm Campbell|Sir Malcolm Campbell, English land, water racer (b. [[1885)

Nobel Prizes

* [[Nobel Prize in Physics|Physics – [[Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett * [[Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Chemistry – [[Arne Tiselius * [[Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Medicine – [[Paul Hermann Müller * [[Nobel Prize in Literature|Literature – [[T. S. Eliot * [[Nobel Peace Prize|Peace – not awarded

References

{{DEFAULTSORT:1948 [[Category:1948| [[Category:Leap years in the Gregorian calendar