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The National Military Council ( th, คณะทหารแห่งชาติ) was the group of military officers that planned and carried out a
coup d'état A coup d'état (; French for "blow of state") or coup is the removal and seizure of a government and its powers. Typically, it is an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a political faction, the military, or a dictator. Many scholars co ...
in November 1947 in Thailand. Their prestige and influence were quickly enhanced by Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram's return to politics. They would however outlast him and dominate Thai politics for the next two decades. Most would eventually receive high ranks, becoming
general A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, or marines Marines or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate on Littoral Zone, littoral zone in suppo ...
s and
field marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army and as such few persons are appointed to it. It is considered as a ...
s.


Membership

The council consisted of approximately forty junior army officers led by a small number of commanding officers, many of whom had been forced into retirement by Pridi Phanomyong at the end of the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—forming two opposing m ...
—men with little other than conspiracy to keep themselves occupied. The coterie's leading members were Field Marshal
Sarit Thanarat
Sarit Thanarat
, commander of the Bangkok-based First Division, Police General Phao Siyanon, the powerful chief of police, Field Marshal Phin Choonhavan, Phin Chunhawan, Phao's father-in-law, the politically prominent Lieutenant-General Kat Katsongkhram, and Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force Fuen Ronnaphakat, the air force's combat-experienced commander. Less senior members included Phin's son, Chatichai Choonhavan, Chatchai Chunhawan, and Sarit's protégés Thanom Kittikachorn and Praphas Charusathien.


See also

* Military of Thailand * Siamese coup d'état of 1947


References

* * Fineman, Daniel. ''A Special Relationship: The United States and Military Government in Thailand 1947-1958''. University of Hawaii Press, 1997 * Stowe, Judith A. ''Siam Becomes Thailand: A Story of Intrigue''. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 1991 * Suwannathat-Pian, Kobkua. ''Thailand's Durable Premier: Phibun through Three Decades 1932-1957''. Oxford University Press, 1995. {{History of Thailand 1932 - 1973 20th century in Thailand 1947 in Thailand Military coups in Thailand Conflicts in 1947 Political history of Thailand 1940s coups d'état and coup attempts, Thailand