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This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression. In the Americas, an agreement was brokered to end the Cristero War, a Catholic counter-revolution in Mexico. The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, a British high court, ruled that Canadian women are persons in the ''Edwards v. Canada (Attorney General)'' case. The 1st Academy Awards for film were held in Los Angeles, while the Museum of Modern Art opened in New York City. The Peruvian Air Force was created. In Asia, the Republic of China and the Soviet Union engaged in a minor conflict after the Chinese seized full control of the Manchurian Chinese Eastern Railway, which ended with a resumption of joint administration. In the Soviet Union, General Secretary Joseph Stalin expelled Leon Trotsky and adopted a policy of collectivization. The Grand Trunk Express began service in India. Rioting between Muslims and Jews in Jerusalem over access to the Western Wall took place in the Middle East. The centenary of Western Australia was celebrated. The Afghan Civil War, which started in November in the preceding year, continued until October. The Kellogg–Briand Pact, a treaty renouncing war as an instrument of national policy, went into effect. In Europe, the Holy See and the Kingdom of Italy signed the Lateran Treaty. The Idionymon law was passed in Greece to outlaw political dissent. Spain hosted the Ibero-American Exposition which featured pavilions from Latin American countries. The German airship LZ 127 ''Graf Zeppelin'' flew around the world in 21 days.

Summary



Middle East, Asia, and Pacific Isles

On August 1 of this year the 1929 Palestine riots broke out between Palestinians and Jews over control of the Western Wall. The rioting, initiated in part when British police tore down a screen the Jews had constructed in front of the Wall, continued until the end of the month. In total, 133 Jews and 116 Palestinians were killed. Two of the more famous incidents occurring during these riots were the August 23–24 1929 Hebron massacre, in which almost 70 Jews were killed by Palestinians and the remaining Jews are forced to stay at Hebron. The Palestinians had been told that Jews were killing Palestinians. Jews would not return to Hebron until after the Six-Day War in 1967. The other major clash was the 1929 Safed massacre, in which 18–20 Jews were killed by Palestinians in Safed in similar fashion. Elsewhere in the Middle East, Iraq took a big step toward gaining independence from the British. The Iraqi government had, since the end of World War I and the beginning of the British Mandate in the Middle East, consistently resisted British hegemony. In September, Great Britain announced it would support Iraq's inclusion in the League of Nations, signaling the beginning of the end of their direct control of the region. Early in 1929, the Afghan Civil War saw the Afghan leader King Amanullah lose power to the Saqqawists under Habibullāh Kalakāni. Kalakani's rule, however, only lasted nine months. Nadir Shah replaced him in October, starting a line of monarchs which would last 40 years. In India, a general strike in Bombay continued throughout the year despite efforts by the British. On December 29, the All India Congress in Lahore declared Indian independence from Britain, something it had threatened to do if Britain did not grant India dominion status. China and Russia engaged in a minor conflict after China seized full control of the Manchurian Chinese Eastern Railway. Russia counterattacked and took the cities of Hailar and Manchouli after issuing an ultimatum demanding joint control of the railway to be reinstated. The Chinese agreed to the terms on November 26. The Japanese would later see this defeat as a sign of Chinese weakness, leading to their taking control of Manchuria. The Far East began to experience economic problems late in the year as the effects of the Great Depression began to spread. Southeast Asia was especially hard hit as its exports (spice, rubber, and other commodities) were more sensitive to economic problems. In the Pacific, on December 28 – "Black Saturday" in Samoa – New Zealand colonial police killed 11 unarmed demonstrators, an event which led the Mau movement to demand independence for Samoa.

Europe



Western

In 1929, the Fascist Party in Italy tightened its control. National education policy took a major step towards being completely taken over by the agenda of indoctrination. In that year, the Fascist government took control of the authorization of all textbooks, all secondary school teachers were required to take an oath of loyalty to Fascism, and children began to be taught that they owed the same loyalty to Fascism as they did to God. On February 11, Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty, making Vatican City a sovereign state. On July 25, Pope Pius XI emerged from the Vatican and entered St. Peter's Square in a huge procession witnessed by about 250,000 persons, thus ending nearly 60 years of papal self-imprisonment within the Vatican. Italy used the diplomatic prestige associated with this successful agreement to adopt a more aggressive foreign policy. Germany experienced a major turning point in this year due to the economic crash. The country had experienced prosperity under the government of the Weimar Republic until foreign investors withdrew their German interests. This began the crumbling of the Republican government in favor of Nazism. In 1929, the number of unemployed reached three million. On July 27, the Geneva Convention, held in Switzerland, addressed the treatment of prisoners of war in response to problems encountered during World War I. On May 31, the British general election returned a hung parliament yet again, with the Liberals in position to determine who would have power. These elections were known as the "Flapper" elections due to the fact that it was the first British election in which women under 30 could vote. A week after the vote, on June 7 the Conservatives conceded power rather than ally with the Liberals. Ramsay MacDonald founded a new Labour government the next day. 1929 is regarded as a turning point by French historians, who point out that it was last year in which prosperity was felt before the effects of the Great Depression. The Third Republic had been in power since before World War I. On July 24, French prime minister Raymond Poincaré resigned for medical reasons; he was succeeded by Aristide Briand. Briand adopted a foreign policy of both peace and defensive fortification. The Kellogg–Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy, went into effect in this year (it was first signed in Paris in 1928 by most leading world powers). The French began work on the Maginot Line in this year, as a defense against a possible German attack, and on September 5 Briand presented a plan for the ''United States of Europe''. On October 22, Briand was replaced as Prime Minister by André Tardieu. Primo de Rivera's dictatorship in Spain experienced growing dissatisfaction among students and academics, as well as businessmen who blamed the government for recent economic woes. Many called for a fascist regime, like that in Italy.


Eastern


In May, Joseph Stalin consolidated his power in the Soviet Union by sending Leon Trotsky into exile. The only country that would grant Trotsky asylum was Turkey, in return for his help during Turkey's civil war. He and his family left the USSR aboard ship on February 12. Stalin turned on his former political ally, Nikolai Bukharin, who was the last real threat to his power. By the end of the year Bukharin had been defeated. Once Stalin was in power, he turned his former support for Lenin's New Economic Policy into opposition. In November, Stalin declared that it "The Year of the Great Breakthrough" and stated that the country would focus on industrial programs as well as on collectivizing the grain supply. He hoped to surpass the West not only in agriculture, but in industry. Millions of Soviet farmers were removed from their private farms, their property was collected, and they were moved to state-owned farms. Stalin emphasized in 1929 a campaign demonizing kulaks as a plague on society. Kulak property was taken and they were deported by cattle train to areas of frozen tundra. The timber market in Finland began to decline in 1929 due to the Great Depression, as well as the Soviet Union's entrance into the market. Financial and political problems culminated in the birth of the fascist Lapua Movement on November 23 in a demonstration in Lapua. The movement's stated aim was Finnish democracy and anti-communism. The Finnish legislature received heavy pressure to remove basic rights from Communist groups. Politics in Lithuania was heated, as President Voldemaras was unpopular in some quarters, and survived an assassination attempt in Kaunas.Kristina Vaičikonis. ''Augustinas Voldemaras''
Lituanus, Vol. 30, No. 3, Fall 1984, ed. Antanas Klimas;
Later, while attending a meeting of the League of Nations, he was ousted in a coup by President Smetona, who made himself dictator. Upon Voldemaras' removal from office, Geležinis Vilkas went underground and received aid and encouragement in its activities from Germany. Yugoslavia was renamed the "Kingdom of Yugoslavia" as King Alexander sought to unite the Balkans under his rule. The state's new Monarchy replaced the old parliament, which had been dominated by Serbs.


North America


In October 1929, the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overturned a ruling by the Supreme Court of Canada that women could not be members of the legislature. This case, which came to be known as the Persons Case, had important ramifications not just for the rights of women but because in overturning the case, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council engendered a radical change in the Canadian judicial approach to the Canadian constitution, an approach that has come to be known as the "living tree doctrine". The five women who initiated the case are known in Canada as the Famous Five. In November, the 1929 Grand Banks earthquake occurred off the south coast of Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean. It registered as a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake centered on Grand Banks, broke 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggered a tsunami that destroyed many south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula area, killing 28 (as of 1997, Canada's most lethal earthquake). Ross-Loos Medical Group is established in downtown Los Angeles by two physicians, Donald E. Ross and H. Clifford Loos - the first HMO in the United States. The Mexican Cristero War continued in 1929 as clerical forces attempted an assassination of the provisional president in a train bombing in February. The attempt failed. Plutarco Calles, at the center of power for the anti-clerics, continued to gather power in Mexico City. His government was considered an enemy to more conservative Mexicans who held to traditional forms of government and more religious control. Calles founded the National Revolutionary Party early in the year to increase his power; a party which was, ironically, seen by foreigners as fascist and which was in opposition to the Mexican Right. A special election was held in this year, which Jose Vasconselos lost to Ortiz Rubio. By this time, the war had ended. The last group of rebels was defeated on June 4, and in the same month US Ambassador Dwight Morrow initiated talks between parties. On June 21 an agreement was brokered ending the Cristero War. On June 27, church bells rang and mass was held publicly for the first time in three years. The agreement heavily favored the government, as priests were required to register with the government and religion was banned from schools. The major event of the year for the United States was the stock market crash on Wall Street, which was to have international effects. On September 3, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) peaked at 381.17, a height it would not reach again until November 1954. Then, from October 24October 29, stock prices suffered three multi-digit percentage drops, wiping out more than $30 billion from the New York Stock Exchange (10 times greater than the annual budget of the federal government). On December 3 U.S. President Herbert Hoover announced to the U.S. Congress that the worst effects of the recent stock market crash were behind the nation, and that the American people had regained faith in the economy.


Literature, arts, and entertainment


Literature of the time reflected the memories many harbored of the horrors of World War I. A major seller was ''All Quiet on the Western Front'' by Erich Maria Remarque. Remarque was a German who had fought in the war at age eighteen and been wounded in the Third Battle of Ypres. He stated that he intended the book to tell the story "of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped its shells, were destroyed by the war." Another 1929 book reflecting on World War I was Ernest Hemingway's ''A Farewell to Arms'', as well as ''Good-Bye to All That'' by Robert Graves. In lighter media, a few stars of the comic industry made their debut, including ''Tintin'', a comic book character created by Hergé, who would appear in over 200 million comic books in 60 languages. ''Popeye'', another comic strip character created by Elzie Crisler Segar, also appeared in this year. Within the film industry, on May 16 the 1st Academy Awards were presented at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, with ''Wings'' winning Best Picture. Also, ''Hallelujah!'' became the first Hollywood film to contain an entirely black cast, and ''Atlantic'', a film about the ''Titanic'', is an early sound-on-film movie. The arts were in the midst of the Modernist movement, as Pablo Picasso painted two cubist works, ''Woman in a Garden'' and ''Nude in an Armchair'', during this year. The surrealist painters Salvador Dalí and René Magritte completed several works, including ''The First Days of Spring'' and ''The Treachery of Images''. On November 7 in New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opened to the public. The latest in modern architecture was also represented by the Barcelona Pavilion in Spain, and the Royal York Hotel in Toronto, at its completion the tallest building in the British Empire.

Science and technology

The year saw several advances in technology and exploration. On June 27 the first public demonstration of color TV was held by H. E. Ives and his colleagues at Bell Telephone Laboratories in New York. The first images were a bouquet of roses and an American flag. A mechanical system was used to transmit 50-line color television images between New York and Washington. The BBC broadcast a television transmission for the first time. By November, Vladimir Zworykin had taken out the first patent for color television. On November 29, Bernt Balchen, U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd, Captain Ashley McKinley, and Harold June, became the first to fly over the South Pole. Within the year, Britain, Australia and New Zealand began a joint Antarctic Research Expedition, and the German airship ''Graf Zeppelin'' began a round-the-world flight (ended August 29). This year Ernst Schwarz describes Bonobo (''Pan paniscus'') as a different species from common chimpanzee (''Pan troglodytes''), both closely related phylogenetically to human beings. During the year 1929, there were two solar eclipses and two penumbral lunar eclipses: * 1929 May 9 = Total Solar Eclipse * 1929 May 23 = Penumbral Lunar Eclipse * 1929 November 1 = Annular Solar Eclipse * 1929 November 17 = Penumbral Lunar Eclipse

Events




January


* January 1 ** The U.S. Army Air Corps airplane ''?'' begins a six-day non-stop endurance flight over Southern California, using aerial refueling. ** The British Columbian municipalities of Point Grey and South Vancouver are amalgamated into Vancouver. * January 6 ** 6 January Dictatorship: King Alexander of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes suspends his country's constitution. ** Albanian missionary sister Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, later known as Mother Teresa, arrives in Calcutta from Ireland to begin her work in India. * January 10 – The first appearance of Hergé's Belgian comic book hero Tintin, as ''Tintin in the Land of the Soviets'' (''Les Aventures de Tintin, reporter..., au pays des Soviets''), begins serialization in the children's newspaper supplement, ''Le Petit Vingtième''. * January 15
Annales d'histoire économique et sociale
' begins publication in France. * January 17 – The comic strip hero Popeye first appears in ''Thimble Theatre''. *January 17Kabul falls to Habibullāh Kalakāni's forces, beginning a 9-month period of Saqqawist rule in Afghanistan while the Afghan Civil War continues. * January 29 – ''All Quiet on the Western Front'' (''Im Westen nichts Neues''), by Erich Maria Remarque, is published in book form.


February


* February 9 – "Litvinov's Pact" is signed in Moscow by the Soviet Union, Poland, Estonia, Romania and Latvia, who agree not to use force to settle disputes between themselves. * February 10Liga Espanola, a professional football league of Spain, is founded. * February 11 – The Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See of the Catholic Church sign the Lateran Treaty, to establish the Vatican City as an independent sovereign enclave within Rome, resolving the "Roman Question". * February 14 – "Saint Valentine's Day Massacre": Five gangster (rivals of Al Capone), plus a civilian, are shot dead in Chicago. * February 26Grand Teton National Park is established by the United States Congress.


March


* March 2 – The longest bridge in the world at this time, the San Francisco Bay Toll-Bridge, opens. * March 3 – A revolt by Generals José Gonzalo Escobar and Jesús María Aguirre fails in Mexico. * March 4 ** Herbert Hoover is sworn in, as the 31st President of the United States. ** The National Revolutionary Party (''Partido Nacional Revolucionario'') is established in Mexico, by ex-President Plutarco Elías Calles. Under a succession of names, it will hold power in the country continuously for the next 71 years. * March 17 – Second of the Davos University Conferences opens in Switzerland; this includes the Cassirer–Heidegger debate in philosophy. * March 28 – Japanese forces withdraw from Shandong province to their garrison in Tsingtao, bringing an end to the Jinan Incident. * March 30Imperial Airways begins operating the first commercial flights between London and Karachi.


April


* April 3Persia signs the Litvinov Protocol. * April 14 – The inaugural Monaco Grand Prix is won by William Grover-Williams, driving a Bugatti.


May


* May 1 – The 7.2 Kopet Dag earthquake shakes the Iran-Turkmenistan border region, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (''Violent''), killing up to 3,800 and injuring 1,121. * May 7 – "The Battle Of Blood Alley" is fought by a razor gang in Sydney, Australia. * May 16 – The 1st Academy Awards are presented in a 15-minute ceremony at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, honoring the best movies of 1927 and 1928, ''Wings'' (1927) winning Best Picture. Gerald Duffy (died 1928) receives the only Academy Award for Best Title Writing ever awarded (for his intertitles to the silent film ''The Private Life of Helen of Troy'' (1927)). * May 20 – The Wickersham Commission begins its investigation of organized crime, following alcohol Prohibition in the United States. * May 31 – The United Kingdom general election again returns a hung parliament; the Liberals in Parliament determine which party will govern.


June


* June 1 – The 1st Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America is held in Buenos Aires. * June 3 – The Treaty of Lima settles a border dispute between Peru and Chile. * June 7 – The Lateran Treaty, making Vatican City a sovereign state, is ratified. * June 8Ramsay MacDonald forms the United Kingdom's second Labour government. * June 21 – An agreement brokered by U.S. Ambassador Dwight Whitney Morrow helps end the Cristero War in Mexico. * June 27 – The first public demonstration of color TV is held, by H. E. Ives and his colleagues at Bell Telephone Laboratories in New York. The first images are a bouquet of roses and an American flag. A mechanical system is used to transmit 50-line color television images between New York and Washington.


July


* July 11 – In the Soviet Union, a secret decree of the Sovnarkom creates the backbone of the Gulag system. * July 24 ** The Kellogg–Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy, goes into effect (it was first signed in Paris on August 27, 1928, by most leading world powers). ** Union Airways Pty. Ltd. is founded, to be nationalised as South African Airways, on 1 February 1934. * July 25Pope Pius XI emerges from the Apostolic Palace, and enters St. Peter's Square in a huge procession witnessed by about 250,000 persons, thus ending nearly 60 years of self-imposed status by the papacy as Prisoner in the Vatican. * July 27 ** The Geneva Convention addresses the treatment of prisoners of war. ** The Red Crescent is adopted as an additional emblem of the League of Red Cross Societies. * July 29 - the French prime minister Raymond Poincaré resigns, and is succeeded by Aristide Briand.


August


* August 829 – German rigid airship LZ 127 ''Graf Zeppelin'' makes a circumnavigation of the Northern Hemisphere eastabout out of Lakehurst, New Jersey, including the first nonstop flight of any kind across the Pacific Ocean (TokyoLos Angeles). * August 16 – The 1929 Palestine riots break out between Palestinians and Jews in Mandatory Palestine, and continue until the end of the month. In total, 133 Jews and 116 Palestinians are killed. * August 20John Logie Baird's experimental 30-line television system is first transmitted, by the British Broadcasting Corporation. * August 2324 – The 1929 Hebron massacre: 65–68 Jews are killed by Palestinians and the remaining Jews are forced to leave Hebron. * August 29 ** The 1929 Safed massacre: 18–20 Jews are killed in Safed by Palestinian Arabs. ** The collides with the oil tanker ''S.C.T. Dodd'' off the California coast, causing the ''San Juan'' to sink in 3 minutes, killing 77 people. * August 31 – The Young Plan, which sets the total World War I reparations owed by Germany at US$26,350,000,000 to be paid over a period of 58½ years, is finalized.


September


* September 3 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average peaks at 381.17, a height it will not reach again until November 1954. * September 5Aristide Briand presents his plan for the ''United States of Europe''. * September 17 – A coup ousts Augustinas Voldemaras from his Prime Minister position in Lithuania; he is replaced by the brother-in-law of President Antanas Smetona, Juozas Tūbelis. * September 30Fritz von Opel pilots the first rocket-powered aircraft, the Opel RAK.1, in front of a large crowd in Frankfurt am Main.


October


* October 3 – The country officially known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes changes its name to Kingdom of Yugoslavia. * October 6Serie A, the top-class professional football league of Italy, replaces the Divisione Nazionale. * October 121929 Australian federal election: The Labor Party, led by James Scullin, defeats the Nationalist/Country Coalition Government, led by Prime Minister Stanley Bruce. Scullin will be sworn in on October 22nd. Notably, this is the first occasion in Australian political history where a sitting Prime Minister loses his own seat (the second being John Howard in 2007). *October 13Afghan Civil War ends * October 14 – The Philadelphia Athletics win the World Series four games to one over the Chicago Cubs, taking Game Five by a 3–2 score at Shibe Park. * October 18 – On appeal from the Supreme Court of Canada on behalf of "The Famous Five" Canadian women in the landmark case of ''Edwards v. Canada (Attorney General)'', the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in the United Kingdom announces that women are "persons" under the British North America Acts, and thus eligible for appointment to the Senate of Canada. * October 22 – The government of Aristide Briand falls in France. * October 2429Wall Street Crash of 1929: Three multi-digit percentage drops wipe out more than $30 billion from the New York Stock Exchange (10 times greater than the annual budget of the federal government). * October 25 – Former U.S. Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall is convicted of bribery for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal, becoming the first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for actions in office. * October 29Wall Street Crash of 1929 * October 30 – The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.


November


* NovemberVladimir Zworykin takes out the first patent for color television. * November 1 ** An annual solar eclipse is seen over the Atlantic Ocean and Africa. ** Conscription in Australia ends. * November 7 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) opens to the public. The first exhibition ''Cézanne, Gauguin, van Gogh and Seurat'' (November 7 – December 7) is seen by 47.000 visitors; the curator is Alfred H. Barr. * November 15 – ''Atlantic'', a film about the sinking of the RMS ''Titanic'', is released in the U.K., the first British sound-on-film movies and, in its simultaneously-shot German-language version, the first to be released in Germany. * November 18 – The 1929 Grand Banks earthquake occurs. * November 29Bernt Balchen, U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd, Captain Ashley McKinley and Harold June become the first to fly over the South Pole.


December


* DecemberNew York toy salesman Edwin S. Lowe popularizes Bingo after coming across the game of "Beano" in Atlanta, Georgia. After someone accidentally yelled "bingo" instead of "beano" with a group of friends in Brooklyn, New York, he began production of the game, going on to develop more than 6,000 card combinations under E. S. Lowe company, as the popularity of the game grew to become a national pastime. * December 27 – Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin orders the "liquidation of the kulaks as a class". * December 28 – "Black Saturday" in Samoa: New Zealand colonial police kill 11 unarmed demonstrators, an event which leads the Mau movement to demand independence for Samoa. * December 29 – The All India Congress in Lahore demands Indian independence.


Births




January

]] ]] ]] * January 1 ** Cordelia Edvardson, German-born Swedish journalist, author and Holocaust survivor (d. 2012) ** Haruo Nakajima, Japanese actor (d. 2017) ** Latif-ur-Rehman, Indian field hockey player * January 2Tellervo Koivisto, Finnish politician and First Lady of Finland * January 3 ** Sergio Leone, Italian director (d. 1989) ** Gordon Moore, American computing entrepreneur, benefactor * January 4Günter Schabowski, official of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (d. 2015) * January 5 ** Walter Brandmüller, German cardinal ** Alexandre Jany, French swimmer and water polo player (d. 2001) * January 7Terry Moore, American actress * January 8 ** Saeed Jaffrey, Indian-born actor (d. 2015) ** Erich Jantsch, Austrian astrophysicist (d. 1980) * January 9 ** Brian Friel, Irish dramatist (d. 2015) ** Ulu Grosbard, Belgian-American theatre and film director and film producer (d. 2012) * January 10Tony Soper, English naturalist, author and broadcaster * January 11 ** Nureddin al-Atassi, Syrian philatelist, 54th Prime Minister of Syria and 17th President of Syria (d. 1992) ** Dmitri Bruns, Estonian architect (d. 2020) ** Nicoletta Orsomando, Italian actress and television personality ** Wanda Wiłkomirska, Polish violinist, teacher (d. 2018) * January 12 ** Irena Homola-Skąpska, Polish historian (d. 2017) ** Alasdair MacIntyre, Scottish philosopher ** Jaakko Hintikka, Finnish philosopher, logician (d. 2015) * January 14 ** Alex Treves, Italian-American Olympic fencer * January 15Martin Luther King Jr., African-American civil rights leader, Nobel laureate (d. 1968) * January 17 ** Tan Boon Teik, Attorney-General of Singapore (d. 2012) ** Jacques Plante, Canadian hockey player (d. 1986) * January 19 ** Edmundo Abaya, Filipino Catholic archbishop (d. 2018) ** Carl-Ebbe Andersen, Danish rower (d. 2009) * January 20 ** Jimmy Cobb, American jazz drummer (d. 2020) ** Masaharu Kawakatsu, Japanese zoologist * January 23 **Patriarch Filaret, former Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kiev Patriarchate **John Charles Polanyi, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate * January 25 ** Benny Golson, American jazz musician ** Michael Michai Kitbunchu, Thai cardinal * January 26 ** Jules Feiffer, American cartoonist and author ** Sumiteru Taniguchi, Japanese anti-nuclear weapons activist (d. 2017) * January 27 ** Mohamed Al-Fayed, Egyptian business magnate ** Hans Berliner, American chess player, writer and professor (d. 2017) ** Barbara York Main, Australian arachnologist and adjunct professor (d. 2019) ** Richard Ottinger, American politician * January 28 ** Acker Bilk, British clarinetist (d. 2014) ** Edith M. Flanigen, American chemist ** Ali Mirzaei, Iranian weightlifter (d. 2020) ** Claes Oldenburg, American artist Clothespin (Oldenburg) * January 30 ** Isamu Akasaki, Japanese physicist and Nobel laureate (d. 2021) ** Jacqueline van Maarsen, Dutch writer * January 31 ** Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist and Nobel laureate (d. 2011) ** Jean Simmons, English-American actress (d. 2010)

February

* February 1Basilio Lami Dozo, Argentine dictator (d. 2017) * February 2 ** Věra Chytilová, Czech director (d. 2014) ** John Henry Holland, American computer scientist (d. 2015) ** Leonardus van der Kroft, Dutch football referee (d. 2016) * February 3Camilo Torres Restrepo, Colombian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1966) * February 4 ** Jerry Adler, American actor ** Eduard Zimmermann, German journalist and television presenter (d. 2009) * February 5 ** Hal Blaine, American drummer and session musician (d. 2019) ** Luc Ferrari, French composer (d. 2005) ** Fred Sinowatz, 18th Chancellor of Austria (d. 2008) * February 6 ** Sixten Jernberg, Swedish Olympic cross-country skier (d. 2012) ** Pierre Brice, French actor (d. 2015) ** Valentin Yanin, Russian historian and author (d. 2020) * February 10 ** Hallgeir Brenden, Norwegian Olympic cross-country skier (d. 2007) ** Jerry Goldsmith, American composer, conductor (d. 2004) ** Jim Whittaker, American mountaineer ** Lou Whittaker, American mountaineer * February 14 ** Vic Morrow, American actor, director (''Combat'') (d. 1982) ** James Nelligan, American politician * February 15 ** Graham Hill, English racing driver (d. 1975) ** Kauko Armas Nieminen, Finnish physicist (d. 2010) ** Ibrahim Abu-Lughod, Palestinian academic (d. 2001) ** James Schlesinger, American politician (d. 2014) * February 16Kazimierz Kutz, Polish film director and politician (d. 2018) * February 17 ** Paul Meger, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2019) ** Alejandro Jodorowsky, Chilean-French director and screenwriter ** Patricia Routledge, English actress, singer * February 18 ** Roland Minson, American basketball player and coach (d. 2020) ** Len Deighton, British author * February 21Chespirito (Roberto Gómez Bolaños), Mexican actor, comedian (d. 2014) * February 22 ** James Hong, Chinese American actor, director ** Miloš Radulović, President of Yugoslavia (d. 2017) ** Rebecca Schull, American actress * February 23Patriarch Alexy II of Russia (d. 2008) * February 24 ** Nils Petter Sundgren, Swedish film critic and television presenter (d. 2019) ** Zdzisław Beksiński, Polish surrealist painter (d. 2005) ** Modesta Lavana, Mexican healer and activist for indigenous rights in Hueyapan (d. 2010) * February 25Issa J. Boullata, Palestinian scholar and writer (d. 2019) * February 26 ** Ina'am Al-Mufti, Jordanian politician (d. 2018) ** Paolo Ferrari, Italian actor (d. 2018) * February 27Rube Bjorkman, American ice hockey player and coach * February 28 ** Hayden Fry, American football player and coach (d. 2019) ** Frank Gehry, Canadian-born American architect ** Rangaswamy Srinivasan, Indian-American physical chemist and inventor

March

]] * March 1Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978) * March 4 ** Cyril Robinson, English footballer (d. 2019) ** Bernard Haitink, Dutch conductor * March 6 ** Gale McArthur, American basketball player (d. 2020) ** Fazil Iskander, Abkhaz writer (d. 2016) ** Ho Dam, North Korean politician (d. 1991) ** Günter Kunert, German writer (d. 2019) * March 7Marion Marlowe, American singer and actress (d. 2012) * March 8 ** Hebe Camargo, Brazilian television presenter, actress and singer (d. 2012) ** Elaine Edwards, American politician (d. 2018) * March 9 ** Desmond Hoyte, 3rd Prime Minister of Guyana, 4th President of Guyana (d. 2002) ** Zillur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (d. 2013) * March 10Lolita Rodrigues, Brazilian actress and presenter * March 13 ** Peter Breck, American actor, drama teacher (d. 2012) ** Mateja Matevski, Macedonian poet, literary and theater critic, essayist, and translator (d. 2018) ** Paek Nam-sun, North Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2007) ** Joseph Mascolo, American musician, actor (d. 2016) * March 14 ** Michael D. Coe, American archaeologist, anthropologist, epigrapher and author (d. 2019) ** Bob Goalby, American golfer * March 15Cecil Taylor, African-American jazz pianist, composer, and poet (d. 2018) * March 16 ** Gennady Bukharin, Soviet Olympic canoeist (d. 2020) ** Betty Johnson, American singer ** Nadja Tiller, Austrian actress * March 17Howie Winter, American mob boss (d. 2020) * March 18Christa Wolf, German literary critic, novelist, and essayist (d. 2011) * March 20Germán Robles, Spanish-Mexican film, theater, television, and voice actor (d. 2015) * March 22 **Yayoi Kusama, Japanese contemporary artist **P. Ramlee, Malaysian film actor, director, singer, songwriter, composer, and producer (d. 1973) * March 23 ** Sir Roger Bannister, British athlete (d. 2018) ** Mark Rydell, American actor, film director and producer * March 25 ** Harris W. Fawell, American politician ** Abdul Hamid Omar, 1st Chief Justice of Malaysia (d. 2009) * March 26Edward Sorel, American illustrator and caricaturist * March 29 ** Richard Lewontin, American biologist, geneticist and academic ** Lennart Meri, President of Estonia (d. 2006) ** Olga Tass, Hungarian Olympic gymnast (d. 2020) * March 31Bert Fields, American lawyer

April

]] * April 1 ** Barbara Bryne, English actress ** Jonathan Haze, American actor, producer and screenwriter ** Milan Kundera, Czech writer ** Jane Powell, American actress, dancer * April 3Poul Schlüter, Danish politician * April 4William F. Clinger Jr., American politician * April 5 ** Lucina da Costa Gomez-Matheeuws, Dutch Antillean politician (d. 2017) ** Ivar Giaever, Norwegian physicist and Nobel Prize laureate ** Nigel Hawthorne, English actor (d. 2001) ** Mahmoud Mollaghasemi, Iranian wrestler ** Joe Meek, English record producer, sound engineer, and songwriter (d. 1967) * April 6 ** André Previn, German-American pianist, conductor and composer (d. 2019) ** Christos Sartzetakis, Greek politician * April 7Madavoor Vasudevan Nair, Indian Kathakali dancer (d. 2018) * April 8 ** Jacques Brel, Belgian singer (d. 1978) ** Morton B. Panish, American physical chemist * April 9Fred Hollows, New Zealand-Australian ophthalmologist (d. 1993) * April 10 ** Duje Bonačić, Croatian rower (d. 2020) ** Mike Hawthorn, British racing driver (d. 1959) ** Liz Sheridan, American actress ** Max von Sydow, Swedish actor (d. 2020) * April 11Jack Betts, American actor and playwright * April 13Yvonne Clark, American engineer (d. 2019) * April 14 ** Gerry Anderson, English television, film producer, director and writer, (''Thunderbirds'') (d. 2012) ** Paavo Berglund, Finnish conductor, violinist (d. 2012) * April 14Chadli Bendjedid, 3rd President of Algeria (d. 2012) * April 17 ** James Last, German composer and bandleader (d. 2015) ** Michael Forest, American actor * April 18Peter Hordern, English politician * April 21 ** Estrella Zeledón Lizano, Costa Rican politician, First Lady (d. 2019) ** Bevin Hough, New Zealand sportsman (d. 2019) * April 22 ** Michael Atiyah, British-Lebanese mathematician (d. 2019) ** John Nicks, English figure skater and skating coach * April 23George Steiner, French-American literary critic and essayist (d. 2020) * April 24 ** Shammi, Indian actress (d. 2018) ** Rajkumar, Indian actor and singer (d. 2006) * April 25Abderrahmane Mahjoub, French and Moroccan international football (soccer) midfielder (d. 2011) * April 26 ** Alexandre Lamfalussy, Hungarian-Belgian economist and central banker (d. 2015) ** Jerzy Turonek, Polish-Belarusian historian (d. 2019) * April 27Michael Harner, American anthropologist, author (d. 2018) * April 28Evangelina Elizondo, Mexican actress (d. 2017) * April 29April Stevens, American singer * April 30Klausjürgen Wussow, German theatre, television actor (d. 2007)

May

]] * May 1 ** Ralf Dahrendorf, Anglo-German sociologist (d. 2009) ** Sonny Ramadhin, Trinidadian cricketer * May 2 ** Eddie Garcia, Filipino actor and director (d. 2019) ** Link Wray, American rock and roll musician (d. 2005) ** Édouard Balladur, 91st Prime Minister of France * May 3Per-Ingvar Brånemark, Swedish physician, "father of modern dental implantology" (d. 2014) * May 4 ** Ronald Golias, Brazilian comedian, actor (d. 2005) ** Audrey Hepburn, British actress, activist (d. 1993) * May 5Ilene Woods, American singer, actress (d. 2010) * May 6 ** Rosemary Cramp, English archaeologist and academic ** Paul Lauterbur, American chemist and Nobel laureate (d. 2007) * May 8 ** John C. Bogle, American investor (d. 2019) ** Claude Castonguay, Canadian politician and businessman (d. 2020) ** Girija Devi, Indian classical singer (d. 2017) ** Jane Roberts, American writer (d. 1984) ** Miyoshi Umeki, Japanese singer, actress (d. 2007) * May 10 ** Sándor Kányádi, Hungarian poet, translator (d. 2018) ** Antonine Maillet, Canadian author and playwright * May 11Margaret Kerry, American actress * May 12 ** Don Gibson, English footballer ** Ágnes Heller, Hungarian philosopher (d. 2019) ** Sam Nujoma, 1st President of Namibia * May 13 **Ângela Maria, Brazilian singer and actress (d. 2018) **Thea Segall, Romanian photographer (d. 2009) * May 15Otar Patsatsia, Georgian politician * May 16 ** Betty Carter, African-American jazz singer (d. 1998) ** John Conyers, African-American politician (d. 2019) ** Claude Morin, Canadian politician and academic ** Adrienne Rich, American poet, essayist (d. 2012) ** Zhang Zong, Chinese crystallographer (d. 2019) * May 20 ** Ahmed Hamdi, Egyptian soldier (d. 1973) ** Gilles Loiselle, Canadian politician **Pedro Trebbau, German-born Venezuelan zoologist (d. 2021) * May 25Beverly Sills, American operatic soprano, director of the New York City Opera (d. 2007) * May 26 ** Ernie Carroll, Australian television personality and producer ** John Jackson, English businessman ** Alfred Kunz, German-Canadian composer (d. 2019) * May 28Patrick McNair-Wilson, English politician * May 29 ** Harry Frankfurt, American philosopher and academic ** Peter Higgs, British theoretical physicist and Nobel Prize laureate ** Dwijen Sharma, Bangladeshi naturalist (d. 2017) * May 30 ** Doina Cornea, Romanian human rights activist, professor (d. 2018) ** Georges Gilson, French catholic bishop * May 31 **Joseph Bernardo, French Olympic swimmer **Menahem Golan, Israeli director and producer (d. 2014)

June

]] ]] * June 1James H. Billington, American academic and author (d. 2018) * June 3Werner Arber, Swiss microbiologist and Nobel laureate * June 4 ** Rolf Leeser, Dutch footballer and fashion designer (d. 2018) ** Karolos Papoulias, President of Greece * June 6 ** Sunil Dutt, Hindi film actor (d. 2005) ** Albert Kalonji, Congolese politician (d. 2015) * June 7John Turner, 17th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2020) * June 8 ** Gastone Moschin, Italian actor (d. 2017) ** Marion Marshall, American actress (d. 2018) * June 9Johnny Ace, African-American rhythm and blues singer (d. 1954) * June 10 ** Ian Sinclair, Australian politician ** E. O. Wilson, American biologist ** James McDivitt, American astronaut * June 12Anne Frank, German-born diarist, Holocaust victim (d. 1945) * June 16 ** Edith Thallaug, Norwegian actress and opera singer (d. 2020) ** Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2020) * June 18Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist, philosopher * June 20 ** Larry Collins, American novelist (d. 2005) ** Bonnie Bartlett, American actress * June 21Ramón Luis Rivera, Puerto Rican politician * June 23 ** Bart Carlier, Dutch football player (d. 2017) ** June Carter Cash, American singer (d. 2003) ** Mario Ghella, Italian racing cyclist ** Claude Goretta, Swiss internationally successful television producer, film director (d. 2019) ** Gail Peters, American swimmer * June 24 ** Vic Carrabotta, American comic-book artist and advertising art director ** Carolyn S. Shoemaker, American astronomer ** Yaakov Agmon, Israeli theatre producer, manager, and director * June 25 ** Eric Carle, American designer, illustrator, and writer ** Benny Schmidt, Danish modern pentathlete * June 26Milton Glaser, American graphic designer, illustrator and teacher (d. 2020) * June 27 ** J. C. Duncan, American politician ** H. Ian Macdonald, Canadian economist and civil servant ** Gennady Osipov, Russian scientist, sociologist and philosopher * June 28Alfred Miodowicz, Polish politician * June 29 ** Pat Crawford Brown, American actress (d. 2019) ** Pete George, American weightlifter ** Lalla Fatima Zohra, Moroccan aristocrat (d. 2014) ** Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist, author (d. 2006) * June 30 ** Othmar Mága, German conductor (d. 2020) ** Ron Phoenix, English footballer ** Yang Ti-liang, Hong Kong judge

July

]] ]] ]] ]] * July 1 ** Gerald Edelman, American biologist and Nobel laureate (d. 2014) ** Jack Storey, Australian rules footballer * July 2 ** Daphne Hasenjäger, South African athlete ** Imelda Marcos, former First Lady of the Philippines * July 3 ** Joanne Herring, American socialite, businesswoman, political activist, philanthropist, diplomat, and former television talk show host ** Lavelle White, American Texas blues and soul blues singer, songwriter * July 4 ** Peter Angelos, American lawyer ** Darío Castrillón Hoyos, Colombian Catholic cardinal (d. 2018) * July 5 ** Chikao Ōtsuka, Japanese actor, voice actor and father of Akio Ōtsuka (d. 2015) ** Katherine Helmond, American actress (d. 2019) ** Thérèse Quentin, French actress (d. 2015) * July 6 ** Hélène Carrère d'Encausse, secretary of the Académie française, historian specializing in Russian history ** Angelo LiPetri, American former professional baseball player (d. 2016) ** Jean-Pierre Mocky, French film director, actor, screenwriter and producer (d. 2019) * July 7 ** Sergio Romano, Italian writer, journalist, and historian ** Colin Walker, English footballer * July 8 ** Shirley Ann Grau, American writer (d. 2020) ** Milena Greppi, Italian hurdler ** Héctor López, Panamanian baseball player * July 9 ** Elon Lages Lima, Brazilian mathematician (d. 2017) ** Jesse McReynolds, American bluegrass musician ** King Hassan II of Morocco (d. 1999) ** Chi Haotian, Chinese general * July 10 ** Franco Graziosi, Italian actor ** Winnie Ewing, Scottish nationalist politician ** José Vicente Rangel, Venezuelan politician (d. 2020) * July 11 ** Sandy Frank, American television producer ** David Kelly, Irish actor (d. 2012) * July 12Brian Woodward, English footballer * July 13 ** Svein Ellingsen, Norwegian visual artist, hymnist (d. 2020) ** Sofia Muratova, Soviet artistic gymnast (d. 2006) * July 14 ** Jean Konan Banny, Ivorian politician (d. 2018) ** Sonja Kastl, Croatian film and stage actress, teacher, dancer and choreographer ** Kailash Chandra Joshi, Indian politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (d. 2019) ** Syed Rahim, Indian cricketer (d. 2014) * July 17 ** Sergei K. Godunov, Russian mathematician, academic ** Arthur Frommer, American writer, publisher and consumer advocate ** Vasco Modena, Italian racing cyclist (d. 2016) * July 18 ** Dick Button, American figure skater ** Roy Killin, Canadian footballer ** A V Swamy, Indian politician (d. 2019) * July 19 ** Gaston Glock, Austrian inventor, businessman ** Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie, French historian ** Ronald Melzack, Canadian physiologist and professor (d. 2019) ** Orville Turnquest, Bahamian politician * July 20 ** Hosbet Suresh, American judge (d. 2020) ** Irving Wardle, English writer and theatre critic * July 21 ** Birger Asplund, Swedish hammer thrower ** Idrissa Dione, French boxer ** Albert Kwesi Ocran, Ghanaian soldier, politician (d. 2019) ** John Woodvine, English actor * July 22Midhat J. Gazalé, French international telecommunications, space consultant * July 24 ** Peter Yates, English film director and producer (d. 2011) ** Paolo Paoloni, Italian actor (d. 2019) * July 25 ** Vasily Shukshin, Russian actor, writer, screenwriter and film director (d. 1974) ** Manuel Olivencia, Spanish economist, diplomat (d. 2018) ** Somnath Chatterjee, Indian politician (d. 2018) * July 27 ** Jean Baudrillard, French sociologist, philosopher, cultural theorist and political commentator (d. 2007) ** Jack Higgins, British novelist * July 28Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, First Lady of the United States (d. 1994) * July 31Don Murray, American actor

August

* August 1 ** Samuel Charters, American writer, music historian and record producer (d. 2015) ** Flerida Ruth Pineda-Romero, Filipino judge (d. 2017) ** Hafizullah Amin, Afghan politician and statesman (d. 1979) * August 2Irwin Fridovich, American biochemist (d. 2019) * August 4 ** Vellore G. Ramabhadran, Mridangam artiste from Tamil Nadu, India (d. 2012) ** Kohei Miyauchi, Japanese actor from Kagoshima, Japan (d. 1995) * August 5 ** Ottó Boros, Hungarian water polo player (d. 1988) ** Nathalia Timberg, Brazilian actress * August 7 ** Arrigo Petacco, Italian journalist, writer (d. 2018) ** Richard T. Schulze, American politician ** Don Larsen, American baseball player (d. 2020) * August 8 ** Ronnie Biggs, British criminal (d. 2013) ** Luis García Meza , 57th President of Bolivia (d. 2018) * August 10Daisy Lúcidi, Brazilian actress, radio broadcaster, and politician (d. 2020) * August 12Buck Owens, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006) * August 14Louise Slaughter, American politician (d. 2018) * August 15 ** Louise Shivers, American author, writer (d. 2014) ** Marcia Hafif, American painter (d. 2018) ** Carlo Ripa di Meana, Italian politician (d. 2018) * August 16Fritz Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1997) * August 17 ** Julianna McCarthy, American actress ** Francis Gary Powers, American U-2 spy plane pilot (d. 1977) * August 20Carlos Ancira, Mexican film actor (d. 1987) * August 21 ** Ahmed Kathrada, South African politician, political prisoner and anti-apartheid activist (d. 2017) ** Marie Severin, American comics artist, colorist (d. 2018) * August 23 ** Zoltán Czibor, Hungarian footballer (d. 1997) ** Vera Miles, American actress ** Peter Thomson, Australian golfer (d. 2018) * August 24 ** Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leader, Nobel laureate (d. 2004) ** Alix, Princess of Ligne, Princess of Luxembourg (d. 2019) ** Alberto Zalamea Costa, Colombian journalist, politician and diplomat (d. 2011) ** Betty Dodson, American sex educator (d. 2020) * August 25 ** Salleh Abas, Malaysian judge and politician (d. 2021) ** Dominique Fernandez, French writer

September

]] ]] ]] * September 1 ** "Mad Dog" Vachon, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2013) ** Květa Fialová, Czech actress (d. 2017) * September 2Rex Hartwig, Australian tennis player * September 3 ** Whitey Bulger, incarcerated Irish-American organized crime boss (Winter Hill Gang) (d. 2018) ** Irene Papas, Greek actress ** Armand Vaillancourt, Québécois Canadian sculptor, painter and performance artist * September 4Thomas Eagleton, United States Senator for Missouri (1969–87) (d. 2007) * September 5Bob Newhart, American comedian, actor * September 7Clyde Lovellette, American basketball player (d. 2016) * September 9Stu Phillips, American composer * September 10Arnold Palmer, American golfer (d. 2016) * September 11 ** Eve Brent, American actress (d. 2011) ** Sebastian Koto Khoarai, Lesothan cardinal * September 14Hans Clarin, German actor (d. 2005) * September 15 ** John Julius Norwich, British historian, travel writer and television personality (d. 2018) ** Murray Gell-Mann, American physicist and Nobel laureate (d. 2019) * September 16 ** Margarita Carrera, Guatemalan philosopher, professor and writer (d. 2018) ** Dale Kildee, American politician ** Maxine Kline, American female professional baseball player ** Jamshid bin Abdullah, last Sultan of Zanzibar * September 17Stirling Moss, British Formula One racing driver (d. 2020) * September 18Armando, Dutch artist (d. 2018) * September 19Luigi Taveri, Swiss motorcycle road racer (d. 2018) * September 20Anne Meara, American actress, comedian (d. 2015) * September 21 ** Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian football player (d. 1979) ** Bernard Williams, English philosopher (d. 2003) * September 22 ** William E. Dannemeyer, American politician (d. 2019) ** Hédi Váradi, Hungarian actress (d. 1987) ** Carlo Ubbiali, Italian motorcycle road racer (d. 2020) * September 23Johan Claassen, South African rugby player (d. 2019) * September 24Tunku Abdul Malik, Raja Muda of Kedah (d. 2015) * September 25 ** Barbara Walters, American journalist ** Ronnie Barker, English actor, comedian and writer (d. 2005) * September 28 ** Lata Mangeshkar, Indian singer ** Nikolai Ryzhkov, Soviet and Russian politician * September 29Giorgio Bàrberi Squarotti, Italian academic, poet (d. 2017) * September 30 ** Mir Hazar Khan Khoso, Prime Minister of Pakistan ** Leticia Ramos-Shahani, Filipino senator, writer (d. 2017)

October

]] * October 1Maitama Sule, Nigerian politician (d. 2017) * October 2 ** Moses Gunn, African-American actor (d. 1993) ** Hong Song-nam, 8th Premier of North Korea (d. 2009) * October 4Leroy Van Dyke, American country music singer and guitarist * October 5 ** Yuri Artsutanov, Russian engineer (d. 2019) ** Richard F. Gordon Jr., American astronaut (d. 2017) * October 8Arthur Bisguier, American chess Grandmaster, chess promoter, and writer (d. 2017) * October 9Ana Luisa Peluffo, Mexican actress * October 11Liselotte Pulver, Swiss actress * October 15 ** Hubert Dreyfus, American philosopher (d. 2017) ** Antonino Zichichi, Italian physicist * October 16Fernanda Montenegro, Brazilian actress *October 17 - Jack Mundey, Australian rugby league footballer and trade union official (d. 2020) * October 18Violeta Chamorro, President of Nicaragua * October 20Colin Jeavons, English actor * October 21 ** Ursula K. Le Guin, American science-fiction, fantasy author (d. 2018) ** Pierre Bellemare, French writer, radio personality (d. 2018) * October 22 ** Patsy Elsener, American diver (d. 2019) ** Lev Yashin, Russian footballer (d. 1990) * October 24 ** George Crumb, American composer ** Ronald E. Rosser, American Medal of Honour recipient (d. 2020) * October 25 ** David McReynolds, American political activist (d. 2018) ** Claude Rouer, French Olympic road cyclist ** LaDell Andersen, American college and basketball coach (d. 2019) * October 28Joan Plowright, English actress * October 29Yevgeny Primakov, Russian politician, diplomat (d. 2015) * October 30Jean Chapman, English author * October 31 ** Bud Spencer, Italian actor (d. 2016) ** Muktha Srinivasan, Indian film director, producer (d. 2018)

November

]] * November 2 ** Rachel Ames, American actress ** Muhammad Rafiq Tarar, 9th President of Pakistan ** Richard E. Taylor, Canadian-born physicist and Nobel laureate (d. 2018) * November 5Lennart Johansson, Swedish sports official and 5th president of UEFA (d. 2019) * November 6June Squibb, American actress * November 7 ** Benny Andersen, Danish author, poet and pianist (d. 2018) ** Eric R. Kandel, Austrian-born neuroscientist, Nobel laureate * November 8 ** Bert Berns, American songwriter, record producer (d. 1967) ** Jona Senilagakali, Prime Minister of Fiji (d. 2011) * November 9Imre Kertész, Hungarian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2016) * November 10Ninón Sevilla, Cuban-born Mexican film actress, dancer (d. 2015) * November 11 ** LaVern Baker, American singer (d. 1997) ** Hans Magnus Enzensberger, German author and poet ** Olle Nygren, Swedish motorcycle speedway rider (d. 2021) * November 12 ** Grace Kelly, American actress, later Princess of Monaco (d. 1982) ** Michael Ende, German fantasy writer (d. 1995) ** Hind Rostom, Egyptian actress (d. 2011) * November 13Fred Phelps, American pastor, activist (''Westboro Baptist Church'') (d. 2014) * November 15 ** Ed Asner, American actor and voice actor ** Gombojavyn Ochirbat, Mongolian politician * November 17Gorō Naya, Japanese actor, voice actor, narrator and theatre director, older brother of Rokurō Naya (d. 2013) * November 18 ** John McMartin, American actor (d. 2016) ** Francisco Savín, Mexican conductor, composer (d. 2018) * November 20Raymond Lefèvre, French conductor, arranger, composer (d. 2008) * November 23Hal Lindsey, American evangelist and Christian writer * November 24 ** Franciszek Kokot, Polish nephrologist ** George Moscone, American attorney, politician and 37th Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1978) * November 26Betta St. John, American actress, singer and dancer * November 28 ** Berry Gordy, African-American record producer, songwriter ** Thomas Remengesau Sr., 4th President of Palau (d. 2019) * November 30 ** Dick Clark, American television entertainer (d. 2012) ** Joan Ganz Cooney, American television producer

December

]] ]] * December 1 ** David Doyle, American actor (d. 1997) ** Alfred Moisiu, 7th President of Albania * December 2Leon Litwack, American historian * December 6 ** Philippe Bouvard, French television and radio presenter ** Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Austrian conductor (d. 2016) ** Alain Tanner, Swiss film director * December 7Don McDermott, American speed skater (d. 2020) * December 9 ** Bob Hawke, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2019) ** John Cassavetes, American actor and director (d. 1989) * December 12Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese pianist and composer * December 13Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor (d. 2021) * December 14Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, Spanish cardinal (d. 2019) * December 15Dina bint Abdul-Hamid, former Queen of Jordan (d. 2019) * December 16 ** Nicholas Courtney, British actor (d. 2011) ** Arthur Fitzsimons, Irish football player, manager (d. 2018) * December 17William Safire, American author, columnist, journalist, and presidential speechwriter (d. 2009) * December 18Yeoh Tiong Lay, Malaysian businessman (d. 2017) * December 19David Douglas, 12th Marquess of Queensberry, Scottish potter and aristocrat * December 20 ** David H. Gambrell, American attorney ** Selim Hoss, 3-time Prime Minister of Lebanon ** Lee Hyun-jae, South Korean politician ** Milan Panić, Serbian politician * December 22Wazir Mohammad Indian-Pakistani cricketer * December 23 ** Chet Baker, American jazz musician (d. 1988) ** Monique Watteau, Belgian writer and artist * December 24Philip Ziegler, English biographer and historian * December 26 ** Kathleen Crowley, American actress (d. 2017) ** Régine, Belgian-French singer ** Rene Espina, Filipino lawyer, legislator, and politician (d. 2019) ** Taarak Mehta, Indian playwright, humorist (d. 2017) * December 27Tommy Rall, American actor and dancer (d. 2020) * December 28Efraín Goldenberg, Peruvian politician, finance minister and foreign relations minister * December 29 ** Shen Jilan, Chinese politician (d. 2020) ** Matt "Guitar" Murphy, American blues musician (d. 2018) ** Susie Garrett, American actress (d. 2002) * December 30Lucien Xavier Michel-Andrianarahinjaka, Malagasy writer, politician (d. 1997) * December 31 ** Doug Anthony, 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2020) ** Mies Bouwman, Dutch television presenter (d. 2018)

Unknown

* June Leaf, American artist * Tina Ramirez, Puerto Rican-born American dancer and choreographer

Deaths



January

* January 5 ** Marc McDermott, Australian-born American actor (b. 1881) ** Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (b. 1856) * January 13Wyatt Earp, American gunfighter (b. 1848) * January 15Sir William Dawkins, British geologist and archaeologist (b. 1837) * January 24Wilfred Baddeley, English tennis player (b. 1872) * January 30 ** Franklin J. Drake, American admiral (b. 1846) ** La Goulue, French dancer (b. 1866)

February

* February 3José Gutiérrez Guerra , Bolivian economist and statesman, 28th President of Bolivia (b. 1869) * February 6Maria Christina of Austria, Queen Regent of Spain (b. 1858) * February 7Édouard Hugon, French philosopher, theologian (b. 1867) * February 11Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein (b. 1840) * February 12Lillie Langtry, British singer, actress (b. 1853) * February 14Thomas Burke, American Olympic athlete (b. 1875) * February 18William Russell, American actor (b. 1884) *February 20 - Edward L. Atkinson, Royal Navy surgeon and Antarctic explorer (b. 1881) * February 24Frank Keenan, American actor (b. 1858) * February 27Briton Hadden, co-founder of ''Time'' Magazine (b. 1898)

March

* March 1Royal Hurlburt Weller, American politician (b. 1881) * March 2Sir Edward Seymour, British admiral (b. 1840) * March 5David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-American inventor (b. 1854) * March 12Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman, politician (b. 1851) * March 15Pinetop Smith, African-American blues pianist (b. 1904) * March 18William P. Cronan, American Naval Governor of Guam (b. 1879) * March 20Ferdinand Foch, French commander of Allied forces in World War I (b. 1851) * March 23Maurice Sarrail, French general (b. 1856) * March 25Robert Ridgway, American ornithologist (b. 1850) * March 29Sir Hugh John Macdonald, 8th premier of Manitoba (b. 1850)

April

* April 4 ** Karl Benz, German automotive pioneer (b. 1844) ** William Michael Crose, United States Navy Commander, 7th Naval Governor of American Samoa (b. 1867) * April 12Enrico Ferri, Italian criminologist (b. 1856) * April 22Henry Lerolle, French painter (b. 1848) * April 24Caroline Rémy de Guebhard, French feminist (b. 1855)

May

* May 2 ** Segundo de Chomón, Spanish film director (b. 1871) ** Charalambos Tseroulis, Greek general (b. 1879) * May 12Charles Swickard, German-American film director (b. 1861) * May 13Arthur Scherbius, German electrical engineer, mathematician, cryptanalyst and inventor (b. 1878) * May 21Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1847) * May 23John G. Jacobson, American businessman and politician (b. 1869) * May 25Ernest Monis, 56th Prime Minister of France (b. 1846) *May 27 - Georges Lecointe, Belgian explorer, scientist, and naval officer (b. 1869)

June

* June 5Sir Cecil Burney, British admiral of the fleet (b. 1858) * June 8Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (b. 1861) * June 11William D. Boyce, American entrepreneur, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1858) * June 16Bramwell Booth, General of The Salvation Army (b. 1856) * June 21Leonard Hobhouse, British political theorist, sociologist (b. 1864) * June 24Queenie Newall, British Olympic archer (b. 1854) * June 26Amandus Adamson, Estonian sculptor (b. 1855) * June 28Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)


July


* July 2Gladys Brockwell, American actress (b. 1893) * July 3Dustin Farnum, American actor (b. 1874) *July 11Ali Ahmad Khan, Afghan politician, emir (b. 1883) * July 12Robert Henri, American painter (b. 1865) * July 15Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (b. 1874)

August

* AugustMary MacLane, Canadian feminist writer (b. 1881) * August 3 ** Emile Berliner, German-born inventor (b. 1851) ** Thorstein Veblen, Norwegian-American economist (b. 1857) * August 4Carl Auer von Welsbach, Austrian chemist and inventor (b. 1858) * August 5 – Dame Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist, feminist (b. 1847) * August 9Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (b. 1858) * August 10Aletta Jacobs, Dutch physician and women's suffrage activist (b. 1854) * August 13 – Sir Ray Lankester, British zoologist (b. 1847) * August 14Henry Horne, 1st Baron Horne, British general (b. 1861) * August 19Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet impresario (b. 1872) * August 22Otto Liman von Sanders, German general (b. 1855) * August 26 – Sir Ernest Satow, British diplomat, scholar (b. 1843) * August 27Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket engineer (b. 1892)

September

* September 2Paul Leni, German filmmaker (b. 1885) * September 12Rainis, Latvian poet, playwright (b. 1865) * September 23Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865) * September 24Mahidol Adulyadej, Thai doctor, father of King Rama IX (b. 1892) * September 25Miller Huggins, American baseball manager, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1879) * September 27Johnny Hill, British, European, and World flyweight boxing champion (b. 1905) * September 29Tanaka Giichi, 26th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1864)

October

thumb|100px|Venerable Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly * October 1Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (b. 1861) * October 3 ** Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1890) ** Gustav Stresemann, German statesman, 16th Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1878) * October 5Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly, Indian Syro-Malabar Catholic priest and venerable (b. 1876) * October 20José Batlle y Ordóñez, 3-time President of Uruguay (b. 1856) * October 21Vasil Radoslavov, 7th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1854) * October 26Aby Warburg, German historian, cultural theorist (b. 1866) * October 27 ** Georg von der Marwitz, German general (b. 1856) ** Théodore Tuffier, French surgeon (b. 1857) * October 28Bernhard von Bülow, German count and statesman, 8th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849) * October 29Emily Robin, English Madame (b. 1874) * October 31António José de Almeida, Portuguese political figure, 64th Prime Minister of Portugal and 6th President of Portugal (b. 1866)

November

* November 1Habibullāh Kalakāni, deposed Emir of Afghanistan (b. 1891) * November 6Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1867) * November 14Joe McGinnity, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1871) * November 15Léon Delacroix, former Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1867) * November 17Herman Hollerith, American businessman, inventor (b. 1860) * November 24 ** Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France, leader of the World War I (b. 1841) ** Raymond Hitchcock, American actor (b. 1865) * November 26Chandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, 13th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1863)

December

* December 10 **Frederick Abberline, Chief Inspector of the London Metropolitan Police, investigator in the Jack the Ripper murders (b. 1843) **Harry Crosby, American publisher, poet (b. 1898) * December 14Henry B. Jackson, British admiral (b. 1855) * December 17 **Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa, Portuguese general, politician and 10th President of the Portuguese Republic (b. 1863) **Arthur G. Jones-Williams, British aviator (b. 1898) * December 20Émile Loubet, French politician, 8th President of France (b. 1838) * December 21I. L. Patterson, American politician, 18th Governor of Oregon (b. 1859) * December 29Wilhelm Maybach, German automobile designer (b. 1846)

Nobel Prizes

* PhysicsLouis de Broglie * ChemistryArthur Harden, Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin * Physiology or MedicineChristiaan Eijkman, Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins * LiteratureThomas Mann * PeaceFrank Billings Kellogg


References





Sources



The 1930s Timeline: 1929
– from American Studies Programs at The University of Virginia {{DEFAULTSORT:1929