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The 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
(French: Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1924), officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in Paris, France. It was the second time Paris
Paris
hosted the games, after 1900. The selection process for the 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
consisted of six bids, and Paris
Paris
was selected ahead of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Los Angeles, Prague, and Rome. The selection was made at the 20th IOC
IOC
Session in Lausanne
Lausanne
in 1921.[1] The cost of the Games of the VIII Olympiad was estimated to be 10,000,000₣. With total receipts at 5,496,610₣, the Olympics resulted in a hefty loss despite crowds that reached 60,000 people at a time.[2]

Contents

1 Highlights 2 Sports

2.1 Demonstration sports

3 Venues 4 Participating nations

4.1 Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

5 Medal count 6 Legacy

6.1 Last surviving competitor

7 See also 8 Notes 9 External links

Highlights[edit]

The opening ceremony and several sporting events took place in the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
of Colombes, which had a capacity of 45,000 in 1924. This VIII Olympiad was the last one organised under the presidency of Pierre de Coubertin. The "Flying Finns" dominated the long distance running, while the British and Americans dominated the shorter events. Paavo Nurmi
Paavo Nurmi
won the 1500 m and 5,000 m (which were held with only an hour between them) and the cross country run. Ville Ritola
Ville Ritola
won the 10,000 m and the 3,000 m steeplechase, while finishing second to Nurmi on the 5,000 m and cross country. Albin Stenroos
Albin Stenroos
won the marathon, while the Finnish team (with Nurmi and Ritola) was victorious in the 3,000 m and cross country team events. British runners Harold Abrahams
Harold Abrahams
and Eric Liddell
Eric Liddell
won the 100 m and 400 m events, respectively. Their stories are depicted in the 1981 movie Chariots of Fire. In addition, Douglas Lowe won the 800 m competition. The marathon distance was fixed at 42.195 km (26.219 mi), from the distance run at the 1908 Summer Olympics
1908 Summer Olympics
in London. The 1924 Olympics were the first to use the standard 50 m pool with marked lanes. Swimmer Johnny Weissmuller
Johnny Weissmuller
won three gold medals in swimming and one bronze in water polo. Harold Osborn
Harold Osborn
won gold medals and set Olympic records in both the high jump and the decathlon at the 1924 Olympics. His 6' 6" high jump remained the Olympic record for 12 years, while his decathlon score of 7,710.775 points also set a world record and resulted in worldwide press coverage calling him the "world’s greatest athlete". Fencer Roger Ducret
Roger Ducret
of France
France
won five medals, of which three were gold. In gymnastics, 24 men scored a perfect 10. Twenty-three of them scored it in the now-discontinued event of rope climbing. Albert Seguin scored a 10 here and also a perfect 10 on side vault. Unexpectedly, the national team of Uruguay won the gold medal in football. The Olympic motto Citius, Altius, Fortius (Faster, Higher, Stronger) was used for the first time at the Olympics. It had been used before by the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques, a French sporting federation whose founding members included Pierre de Coubertin.[3] De Coubertin took the motto from his friend Henri Didon, a Dominican priest who had coined during a speech before a Paris
Paris
youth gathering of 1891.[4] Ireland was given formal recognition as an independent nation in the Olympic Movement in Paris
Paris
in 1924, and it was at these games that Ireland made its first appearance in an Olympic Games
Olympic Games
as an independent nation. Originally called Semaine des Sports d'Hiver ("Week of Winter Sports") and held in association with the 1924 Summer Olympics, the sports competitions held in Chamonix
Chamonix
between 25 January and 5 February 1924 were later designated by the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
(IOC) as the I Olympic Winter Games. (1924 Winter Olympics) These were the first Games to feature an Olympic Village. The Art competitions at the 1924 Summer Olympics were the first time that the Olympic Art competitions were contested seriously, with 193 entries in five categories. A total of 14 medals were awarded, though none were given in the music category.[5]

Sports[edit]

Overall map of the Olympic venues

126 events in 23 disciplines, comprising 17 sports, were part of the Olympic program in 1924. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

Aquatics

Diving (5) Swimming (11) Water polo
Water polo
(1)

Athletics (27) Boxing (8) Cycling

Road (2) Track (4)

Equestrian

Dressage (1) Eventing (2) Show jumping (2)

Fencing (7) Football (1) Gymnastics

Artistic (9)

Modern pentathlon (1) Polo (1) Rowing (7) Rugby

Rugby union (1)

Sailing (3) Shooting (10) Tennis (5) Weightlifting (5) Wrestling

Freestyle (7) Greco-Roman (6)

Demonstration sports[edit]

Basque pelota Canoeing Jeu de paume La canne Savate Volleyball Baseball

Venues[edit]

Map of Olympic sites

Seventeen sports venues were used in the 1924 Summer Olympics. Stade de Colombes
Colombes
served as the final venue for the 1938 FIFA World Cup between Italy
Italy
and Hungary.

Venue Sports Capacity Ref.

Bagatelle Polo 598 [6]

Bassin d'Argenteuil Rowing 2,216 [7]

Camp de Châlons Shooting (600 m free rifle individual and team) 395 [8]

Fontainebleau Modern pentathlon (riding) Not listed. [9]

Hippodrome d'Auteuil Equestrian 8,922 [10]

Issy-les-Moulineaux Shooting (trap shooting, including team event) 41 [11]

Le Havre Sailing 541 [12]

Le Stade Olympique de Reims Shooting (trap shooting, running target) 420 [13]

Le Stand de Tir de Versailles Modern pentathlon (shooting), Shooting (25 m rapid fire pistol, running deer) 82 [14]

Meulan-en-Yvelines Sailing 389 [15]

Piscine des Tourelles Diving, Modern pentathlon (swimming), Swimming, Water polo 8,023 [16]

Saint-Cloud Polo 7,836 [17]

Stade Bergeyre Football 10,455 [18]

Stade de Colombes Athletics, Cycling (road), Equestrian, Fencing, Football (final), Gymnastics, Modern pentathlon (fencing, running), Rugby union, Tennis 60,000 [19]

Stade de Paris Football 5,145 [20]

Stade Pershing Football 8,110 [21]

Vélodrome d'hiver Boxing, Fencing, Weightlifting, Wrestling 10,884 [22]

Vélodrome de Vincennes Cycling (track) 12,750 [23]

Participating nations[edit]

Participating Countries of the 1924 Olympiad

Number of athletes

A total of 44 nations were represented at the 1924 Games. Germany was still absent, having not been invited by the Organizing Committee.[24] China (although did not compete), Ecuador, Haiti, Ireland, Lithuania, and Uruguay attended the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
for the first time while the Philippines competed for first time in an Olympic Games
Olympic Games
as a nation though it first participated in 1900 Summer Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
also in this city. Latvia and Poland attended the Summer Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
for the first time (having both appeared earlier at the 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix).

Participating National Olympic Committees

 Argentina (77)  Australia (36)  Austria (49)  Belgium (172)  Brazil (12)  Bulgaria (24)  Canada (65)  Chile (11)  Cuba (9)  Czechoslovakia (70)  Denmark (89)  Ecuador (3)  Egypt (33)  Estonia (44)  Finland (90)  France (401)  Great Britain (239)  Greece (26)  Haiti (8)  Hungary (89)  India (7)  Ireland (39)  Italy (200)  Japan (9)  Latvia (41)  Lithuania (13)  Luxembourg (22)  Mexico (13)  Monaco (7)  Netherlands (153)  New Zealand (4)  Norway (62)  Philippines (1)  Poland (65)  Portugal (30)  Romania (51)  South Africa (30)  Spain (129)  Sweden (108)  Switzerland (75)  Turkey (31)  United States (299)  Uruguay (31)  Yugoslavia (37)

China, also took part in the Opening Ceremony, but its four athletes (all tennis players) withdrew from competition.[25]

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees[edit]

IOC Country Athletes

FRA  France 401

GBR  Great Britain 239

USA  United States 229

ITA  Italy 200

BEL  Belgium 172

NED  Netherlands 153

ESP  Spain 129

SWE  Sweden 108

FIN  Finland 90

DEN  Denmark 89

HUN  Hungary 89

ARG  Argentina 77

SUI  Switzerland 75

TCH  Czechoslovakia 70

CAN  Canada 65

POL  Poland 65

NOR  Norway 62

ROM  Romania 51

AUT  Austria 49

EST  Estonia 44

LAT  Latvia 41

IRL  Ireland 39

YUG  Yugoslavia 37

AUS  Australia 36

EGY  Egypt 33

TUR  Turkey 31

URU  Uruguay 31

POR  Portugal 30

RSA  South Africa 30

GRE  Greece 26

BUL  Bulgaria 24

LUX  Luxembourg 22

LTU  Lithuania 13

MEX  Mexico 13

BRA  Brazil 12

CHI  Chile 11

CUB  Cuba 9

JPN  Japan 9

HAI  Haiti 8

IND  India 7

MON  Monaco 7

ROC  Republic of China 4

NZL  New Zealand 4

ECU  Ecuador 3

PHI  Philippines 1

Total 3,089

Medal count[edit] Main article: 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
medal table These are the top ten nations that won medals the 1924 Games.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total

1  United States 45 27 27 99

2  Finland 14 13 10 37

3   France
France
(host nation) 13 15 10 38

4  Great Britain 9 13 12 34

5  Italy 8 3 5 16

6  Switzerland 7 8 10 25

7  Norway 5 2 3 10

8  Sweden 4 13 12 29

9  Netherlands 4 1 5 10

10  Belgium 3 7 3 13

Pierre de Coubertin—founder of the IOC
IOC
& father of the modern Olympics movement—personally awarded 21 Gold medals to members of the 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition
1922 British Mount Everest Expedition
including 12 Britons, 7 Indians, 1 Australian and 1 Nepalese.[26][27]

Legacy[edit] The 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
are the last edition of the Summer Olympics to be held in Paris. One hundred years later, the city will host the 2024 Summer Olympics, marking the third time the city hosts the games. One venue from the 1924 Games is slated to be used in 2024. The extensively renovated and downsized main stadium, known since 1928 as Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, will host field hockey. Last surviving competitor[edit] The last surviving competitor of the 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
was Croatian swimmer Ivo Pavelić, who died on 22 February 2011 at the age of 103. See also[edit]

Olympics portal

1924 Winter Olympics Olympic Games
Olympic Games
celebrated in France

1900 Summer Olympics
1900 Summer Olympics
– Paris 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
– Paris 1924 Winter Olympics
1924 Winter Olympics
– Chamonix 1968 Winter Olympics
1968 Winter Olympics
– Grenoble 1992 Winter Olympics
1992 Winter Olympics
– Albertville

Summer Olympic Games Olympic Games International Olympic Committee List of IOC
IOC
country codes Chariots of Fire

Notes[edit]

^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.  ^ Zarnowski, C. Frank (Summer 1992). "A Look at Olympic Costs" (PDF). Citius, Altius, Fortius. 1 (1): 16–32. Retrieved 10 August 2017.  ^ The Official History of the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
and the IOC- Athens to Beijing, 1894–2008: David Miller (2008) ^ "Opening Ceremony" (pdf). International Olympics Committee. 2002. p. 3. Retrieved 23 August 2012. ; "Sport athlétique", 14 mars 1891: "[...] dans une éloquente allocution il a souhaité que ce drapeau les conduise ‘souvent à la victoire, à la lutte toujours’. Il a dit qu’il leur donnait pour devise ces trois mots qui sont le fondement et la raison d’être des sports athlétiques: citius, altius, fortius, ‘plus vite, plus haut, plus fort’.", cited in Hoffmane, Simone La carrière du père Didon, Dominicain. 1840 - 1900, Doctoral thesis, Université de Paris
Paris
IV - Sorbonne, 1985, p. 926; cf. Michaela Lochmann, Les fondements pédagogiques de la devise olympique „citius, altius, fortius" ^ M. Avé, Comité Olympique Français, pp. 601–612 ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 528-9. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 165-7. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 565-6. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 501-3. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 222-3. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 544-6, 549. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 584, 587. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 563-5, 568. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 489, 548-9. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 582-3, 587. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympic official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 438-40, 443-4, 499 (in French). ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 528-9. (in French) ^ 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 318, 320. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 50-5, 96-7, 121, 152, 216, 222, 238, 248, 265, 318, 339, 375, 499, 503, 536. (in French) ^ 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 318, 321. (in French) ^ 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 318, 322. (in French). ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 182-3, 203-4, 255, 266, 400, 425, 507. (in French) ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. pp. 200-217. (in French) ^ Guttmann, Allen (1992). The Olympics: A History of the Modern Games. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-252-01701-3.  ^ (ed.) M. Avé, Comité Olympique Français. Les Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade Paris
Paris
1924 – Rapport Officiel (PDF) (in French). Paris: Librairie de France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 39 seulement s’alignérent, ne représentant plus que 24 nations, la Chine, le Portugal et la Yougoslavie ayant déclaré forfait. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Georgiou, Mark (26 March 2012). "Everest Olympic medal
Olympic medal
pledge set to be honoured". BBC News. Retrieved 31 August 2012.  ^ Douglas, Ed (19 May 2012). "'My modest father never mentioned his Everest expedition Olympic gold'". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1924 Summer Olympics.

" Paris
Paris
1924". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  "Results and Medalists". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  (ed.) M. Avé, Comité Olympique Français. Les Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade Paris
Paris
1924 – Rapport Officiel (PDF) (in French). Paris: Librairie de France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) " Paris
Paris
1924". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  "Results and Medalists". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  1924 medal winners – from CBS Picture of the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
of Colombes Original footage of the opening ceremony of the 1924 Summer Olympics (by Polygoon) (in Dutch)

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Nations at the 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
in Paris, France

Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Brazil Bulgaria Canada Chile Cuba Czechoslovakia Denmark Ecuador Egypt Estonia Finland France Great Britain Greece Haiti Hungary India Ireland Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Mexico Monaco Netherlands New Zealand Norway Philippines Poland Portugal Romania South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United States Uruguay Yugoslavia

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Events at the 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
in Paris

Athletics Boxing Basque pelota (demonstration) Canoeing (demonstration) Cycling Diving Equestrian Fencing Football Gymnastics Modern pentathlon Polo Rowing Rugby Sailing Savate (demonstration) Shooting Swimming Tennis Water polo Weightlifting Wrestling Art competitions (unofficial)

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Venues of the 1924 Summer Olympics

Bagatelle Bassin d'Argentuil Camp de Châlons Fontainebleau Hippodrome d'Auteuil Issy-les-Moulineaux Le Havre Le Stade Olympique Reims Le Stand de Tir de Versailles Meulan-en-Yvelines Piscine des Tourelles Saint-Cloud Stade Bergeyre Stade de Colombes Stade de Paris Stade Pershing Vélodrome d'hiver Vélodrome de Vincennes

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132190208 LCCN: n95119723 GND: 5172996-9

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