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The 1912 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held at the Chicago Coliseum, Chicago, Illinois, from June 18 to June 22, 1912. The party nominated President William Howard Taft and Vice President James S. Sherman
James S. Sherman
for re-election. Sherman died days before the election, and was replaced as Republican vice-presidential nominee by Nicholas M. Butler
Nicholas M. Butler
of New York.

Contents

1 Party power struggle 2 Detailed results 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Party power struggle[edit] This convention marked the beginning of a split in the party, resulting from a power struggle between incumbent Taft and former president Theodore Roosevelt. This was the first year for Republican primaries. Though Roosevelt had endorsed Taft as his successor, Taft's perceived drift to the right had alienated Roosevelt, who launched a challenge to Taft's re-nomination. Roosevelt overwhelmingly won the primaries — winning 9 out of 12 states (8 by landslide margins). Taft won only the state of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
(by a small margin); he even lost his home state of Ohio
Ohio
to Roosevelt. Senator Robert M. La Follette Sr., a reformer, won two states. Through the primaries, Senator La Follette won a total of 36 delegates; President Taft won 48 delegates; and Roosevelt won 278 delegates. However 36 states did not hold primaries, but instead selected delegates via state conventions. Entering the convention, the Roosevelt and Taft forces seemed evenly matched, and a compromise candidate seemed possible.[1] The Taft and Roosevelt camps engaged in a fight for the delegations of various states, with Taft emerging victorious, and Roosevelt claiming that several delegations were fraudulently seated because of the machinations of conservative party leaders including William Barnes Jr. and Boies Penrose.[2] Following the seating of the anti-Roosevelt delegations, California
California
Governor Hiram Johnson
Hiram Johnson
proclaimed that progressives would form a new party to nominate Roosevelt.[2] Though many of Roosevelt's delegates remained at the convention, most refused to take part in the presidential ballot in protest of the contested delegates.[3] Roosevelt ultimately ran a third party campaign as part of the Progressive Party (nicknamed the "Bull Moose Party"). Taft and Roosevelt both lost the 1912 election to the Democratic nominee, Woodrow Wilson. Like Taft, Vice President James S. Sherman
James S. Sherman
of New York was renominated by the party.[4] Though Taft and Sherman did not get along early in their tenure, the two became closer allies as Taft's split with Roosevelt deepened, and Taft did not object to the re-nomination of Sherman.[4] Taft's allies sought progressive leaders such as Idaho Senator William E. Borah
William E. Borah
and Vermont
Vermont
Governor John A. Mead
John A. Mead
to join the ticket, but both declined to be considered.[4] Missouri
Missouri
Governor Herbert S. Hadley
Herbert S. Hadley
and former Vice President Charles Fairbanks were also mentioned as possibilities.[4] Sherman died shortly before the election, and was not replaced on the ticket.[5] In January, after the election had already been decided, Republican leaders appointed Columbia University president Nicholas Butler
Nicholas Butler
to fill out the ticket for the purposes of receiving electoral votes.[5] Detailed results[edit]

Presidential Ballot[6][7][8]

William Taft 561

Theodore Roosevelt 107

Robert La Follette 41

Albert B. Cummins 17

Charles Evans Hughes 2

Present, not voting 344

Absent 6

The balloting by states was as follows: [9]

State

Total delegates

Taft

Roosevelt

Cummins

La Follette

Hughes

Not voting

Absent

Alabama 24 22

2

Arizona 6 6

Arkansas 18 17

1

California 26 2

24

Colorado 12 12

Connecticut 14 14

Delaware 6 6

Florida 12 12

Georgia 28 28

Idaho 8 1

7

Illinois 58 2 53

2 1

Indiana 30 20 3

7

Iowa 26 16

10

Kansas 20 2

18

Kentucky 26 24 2

Louisiana 20 20

Maine 12

12

Maryland 16 1 9

5 1

Massachusetts 36 20

16

Michigan 30 20 9

1

Minnesota 24

24

Mississippi 20 17

3

Missouri 36 16

20

Montana 8 8

Nebraska 16

2

14

Nevada 6 6

New Hampshire 8 8

New Jersey 28

2

26

New Mexico 8 7 1

New York 90 76 8

6

North Carolina 24 1 1

22

North Dakota 10

10

Ohio 48 14

34

Oklahoma 20 4 1

15

Oregon 10

8

2

Pennsylvania 76 9 2

2 62 1

Rhode Island 10 10

South Carolina 18 16

1 1

South Dakota 10

5

5

Tennessee 24 23 1

Texas 40 31

8 1

Utah 8 8

Vermont 8 6

2

Virginia 24 22

1 1

Washington 14 14

West Virginia 16

16

Wisconsin 26

26

Wyoming 6 6

Alaska 2 2

District of Columbia 2 2

Hawaii 6 6

Philippines 2 2

Puerto Rico 2 2

Total 1078 561 107 17 41 2 344 6

Vice Presidential Ballot

James S. Sherman 596

William Borah 21

Charles Edward Merriam 20

Herbert S. Hadley 14

Albert J. Beveridge 2

See also[edit]

History of the United States
United States
Republican Party List of Republican National Conventions U.S. presidential nomination convention Republican Party presidential primaries, 1912 United States
United States
presidential election, 1912 1912 Democratic National Convention

References[edit]

^ "Taft Victory in the First Clash; Root Chosen Chairman, 558 to 502". New York Times. 19 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015.  ^ a b "Roosevelt, Beaten, to Bolt Today; Gives the Word in Early Morning; Taft's Nomination Seems Assured". New York Times. 20 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015.  ^ "Taft Renominated by the Republican Convention; Roosevelt Named as Candidate by Bolters". New York Times. 23 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015.  ^ a b c d "Plan is to Nominate Taft Tonight; Roosevelt Orders Name Withheld; He Shifts on Third Party Plans". New York Times. 22 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015.  ^ a b "James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President (1909-1912)". US Senate. US Senate. Retrieved 9 October 2015.  ^ "Taft Is Nominated On First Ballot". Santa Cruz News. Santa Cruz, CA. June 22, 1912. Retrieved January 7, 2018.  ^ "Taft Wins With 561". The Courier. Harrisburg, PA. June 23, 1912. Retrieved January 7, 2018.  ^ Pietrusza, David (2007). 1920: The Year of the Six Presidents. New York: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1622-3.  ^ "Vote That Renominated President Taft". New York Times. New York, NY. June 23, 1912. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

"1912 Republican National Convention", The Political Graveyard. Accessed February 1, 2006 "1912 Republican Convention", 1912 Presidential Election Project, Department of History, Ohio
Ohio
State University. Accessed February 1, 2006 "1912: A Party Splits", Parades, Protests & Politics in Chicago. Accessed February 1, 2006 "Bull Moose years: Who Won the Presidential Primaries in 1912?". William Jennings Bryan, Virgil V. McNitt. A Tale of Two Conventions. Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1912.

External links[edit]

Republican Party platform of 1912 at The American Presidency Project 1912 Republican National Convention
Republican National Convention
at Smithsonian Magazine

Preceded by 1908 Chicago, Illinois Republican National Conventions Succeeded by 1916 Chicago, Illinois

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