The Info List - 1890

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was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1890th year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 890th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 19th century, and the 1st year of the 1890s
decade. As of the start of 1890, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.


1 Events

1.1 January–March 1.2 April–June 1.3 July–September 1.4 October–December 1.5 Date unknown

2 Births

2.1 January 2.2 February 2.3 March 2.4 April 2.5 May 2.6 June 2.7 July 2.8 August 2.9 September 2.10 October 2.11 November 2.12 December 2.13 Unknown date

3 Deaths

3.1 January–June 3.2 July–December 3.3 Date unknown

4 References 5 Further reading and year books


January 25: Nellie Bly, 1890


January 1

The Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
establishes Eritrea
as its colony, in the Horn of Africa. In Michigan, the wooden steamer Mackinaw burns in a fire on the Black River.[1]

January 2

The steamship Persia is wrecked off Corsica; 130 lives are lost.[2] Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer in the White House.[3]

January 11 1890
British Ultimatum: The United Kingdom demands Portugal withdraw its forces, from the land between the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola (most of present-day Zimbabwe
and Zambia). January 15 – The Sleeping Beauty, with music by Tchaikovsky, is premiered at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre
Mariinsky Theatre
in St Petersburg, Russia. January 25

The United Mine Workers
United Mine Workers
of America is founded. Nellie Bly
Nellie Bly
completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

February 9 – The Weather Bureau
Weather Bureau
is established, within the United States Department of Agriculture. February 11 – The city of Araucária
is founded in Brazil. February 17[dubious – discuss] – The British steamship Duburg is wrecked in the South China Sea; 400 lives are lost.[2][4] February 24 Chicago
is selected to host the Columbian Exposition. March 1

The British steamship Quetia founders in the Torres Straits; 124 lives are lost.[2] Léon Bourgeois
Léon Bourgeois
succeeds Jean Antoine Ernest Constans, as French Minister of the Interior.

March 3 – The first American football
American football
game in Ohio State University history is played in Delaware, Ohio, against Ohio Wesleyan, with the Ohio State Buckeyes winning 20–14.

March 4 – The Forth Bridge, across the Firth of Forth
Firth of Forth
in Scotland, is opened to rail traffic. March 8 North Dakota State University
North Dakota State University
is founded in Fargo. March 17 – The first railway in Transvaal, the Randtram, opens between Boksburg
and Braamfontein
in Johannesburg.[5][6] March 20 – Kaiser Wilhelm II
Wilhelm II
dismisses Otto von Bismarck. March 27 – March 1890
middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak: 24 significant tornadoes are spawned by one system, killing least 146 people. March 27 Preston North End
Preston North End
retain the English Football League Championship, winning their final game at Notts County March 28 Washington State University
Washington State University
is founded in Pullman.


May 31: Cleveland Arcade.

June 1: Herman Hollerith.

April 2 – Kashihara Shrine, a landmark spot in Nara Prefecture, Japan, is officially built by Emperor Mutsuhito.(Emperor of Meiji)[citation needed] April 14 – At the First International Conference of American States, in Washington DC, The Commercial Bureau of the American Republics is founded. May 1 – A coordinated series of mass rallies and one-day strikes is held throughout many cities and mining towns, in Europe and North America, to demand an eight-hour workday.[7] May 2 – The Oklahoma Territory
Oklahoma Territory
is organized. May 12 – The first ever official English County Championship
County Championship
cricket match begins in Bristol; Yorkshire beats Gloucestershire, by 8 wickets. May 20 – Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh
moves to Auvers-sur-Oise
on the edge of Paris, in the care of Dr Paul Gachet, where he will produce around seventy paintings in as many days. May 31 – The 5-story skylight Arcade opens in Cleveland, Ohio. June 1 – The United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to tabulate census returns using punched card input, a landmark in the history of computing hardware. Hollerith's company eventually becomes IBM. June 12 – In Michigan, the wooden steamer Ryan is lost near Thunder Bay Island.[1] June 20 The Picture of Dorian Gray
The Picture of Dorian Gray
(by Oscar Wilde) is published by Philadelphia-based Lippincott's Monthly Magazine
Lippincott's Monthly Magazine
(dated July). June 27 – Canadian-born boxer George Dixon defeats the British bantamweight champion in London, giving him claim to be the first black world champion in any sport.[8]

July 29: Vincent van Gogh.


July 1

Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty: Britain cedes the Heligoland
islands (in the German Bight) to Germany, in return for protectorates over Wituland
and the Sultanate of Zanzibar
Sultanate of Zanzibar
(the islands of Pemba and Unguja) in east Africa.[9] Japanese general election, 1890: In the first general election for the House of Representatives of Japan, about 5% of the adult male population elect a lower house of the Diet of Japan, in accordance with the new Meiji Constitution
Meiji Constitution
of 1889.

July 2 – The Sherman Antitrust Act
Sherman Antitrust Act
and Sherman Silver Purchase Act become United States law. July 3 Idaho
is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state. July 10 Wyoming
is admitted as the 44th U.S. state. July 13 – In Minnesota, storms result in the Sea Wing disaster
Sea Wing disaster
on Lake Pepin, killing 98. July 14 – Lime-green is first described as a color.[10] July 26 – In Buenos Aires, the Revolution of the Park
Revolution of the Park
takes place, forcing President Juárez Celman's resignation. July 27 – Death of Vincent van Gogh: van Gogh shoots himself, dying two days later. August 6 – At Auburn Prison in New York, William Kemmler
William Kemmler
becomes the first person to be executed in the electric chair. August 20 – Treaty of London: Portugal and the United Kingdom define the borders of the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola. August 23 – The BOVESPA
stock exchange is founded. August
– Kaiser Wilhelm II
Wilhelm II
and Tsar Alexander III meet at Narva. September 6 Dublin
association football club Bohemian F.C.
Bohemian F.C.
is founded in the Gate Lodge, Phoenix Park. September 12 Salisbury, Rhodesia
Salisbury, Rhodesia
is founded. September 19

The Turkish frigate Ertuğrul founders off Japan; 540 lives are lost.[2] The University of North Texas
University of North Texas
is founded, as the Texas
Normal College and Teacher Training Institute.[11]


November: New Scotland Yard
Scotland Yard
opens near the Big Ben
Big Ben
clock tower.

December 29: Wounded Knee

October 9 – The first brief flight of Clément Ader's steam-powered fixed-wing aircraft Ader Éole
Ader Éole
takes place in Satory, France. It flies uncontrolled approximately 50 m (160 ft) at a height of 20 cm, the first take-off of a powered airplane solely under its own power.[12][13][14] October 11 – In Washington, D.C., the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded. October 12
October 12
– In Uddevalla, the Uddevalla
Suffrage Association is founded, with a formal founding event on November 2 a month later. October 13

In Michigan, the schooner J.F. Warner is lost at Thunder Bay.[1] The Delta Chi
Delta Chi
fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

November 4 – The first deep level London Underground (Tube) Railway, the City and South London Railway, opens officially. November 21 – Edward King, Anglican
bishop of Lincoln, is convicted of using ritualistic practices.[15] November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands
William III of the Netherlands
dies without a male heir, and his daughter Princess Wilhelmina becomes Queen, causing the end of the personal union of thrones with Luxembourg
(which requires a male heir) so that Adolphe, Duke of Nassau becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg. November

The Meiji Constitution
Meiji Constitution
goes into effect in Japan, and its first Diet convenes. At West Point, New York, the United States Navy defeats the United States Army 24–0 in the first Army–Navy Game
Army–Navy Game
of college football.

– Scotland Yard, headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, moves to a building on London's Victoria Embankment, as New Scotland Yard. December 15 Hunkpapa
Lakota leader Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull
is killed by police on Standing Rock Indian Reservation. December 27 – The British steamship Shanghai burns in the East China Sea off the coast of Anhui
Province; 101 lives are lost.[16] December 29 – Wounded Knee Massacre: At Wounded Knee, South Dakota, a Native American camp, the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment
7th Cavalry Regiment
tries to disperse the non-violent "Ghost-Dance" which was promised to usher in a new era of power and freedom to Native Americans but is feared as a potential rallying tool for violent rebellion by some in the U.S. government. Shooting begins, and 153 Lakota Sioux and 25 troops are killed; about 150 flee the scene. This is the last tribe to be defeated and confined to a reservation as well as the beginning of the decline of both the American Indian Wars
American Indian Wars
and the American frontier.

Date unknown[edit]

The folding carton box is invented by Robert Gair, a Brooklyn
printer who developed production of paper-board boxes in 1879. The United States city of Boise, Idaho, drills the first geothermal well. Brown trout
Brown trout
are introduced into the upper Firehole River, in Yellowstone National Park. High School Cadets
High School Cadets
is written by John Philip Sousa. William II of Prussia opposes Bismarck's attempt to renew the law outlawing the Social Democratic Party. Blackwall Buildings, Whitechapel, noted philanthropic housing, is built in the East End of London. English archaeologist Flinders Petrie
Flinders Petrie
excavates at Tell el-Hesi, Palestine (mistakenly identified as Tel Lachish), the first scientific excavation of an archaeological site in the Holy Land, during which he discovers how tells are formed. American geostrategist Alfred Thayer Mahan
Alfred Thayer Mahan
publishes his influential book The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783. Francis Galton
Francis Galton
announces a statistical demonstration of the uniqueness and classifiability of individual human fingerprints.[17] Alfred Tucker
Alfred Tucker
becomes Anglican
Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa.[18]

Births[edit] January[edit]

Kurt Tucholsky

January 1 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966) January 4 – Victor Lustig, Bohemian-born con artist (d. 1947) January 5 – Sarah Aaronsohn, member of the Jewish spy ring Nili
(d. 1917) January 8 – Taixu, Chinese Buddhist activist (d. 1947) January 9

Kurt Tucholsky, German-born journalist and satirist (d. 1935) Karel Čapek, Czech writer (d. 1938)

January 11 – Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian Modernist writer (d.1954) January 13 – Jüri Uluots, 8th Prime Minister of Estonia (d. 1945) January 19 – Élise Rivet, French Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
nun and war heroine (d. 1945) January 21 – Wesley Englehorn, American football
American football
player (d. 1993) January 22 – Fred M. Vinson, Chief Justice of the United States
Chief Justice of the United States
(d. 1953) January 28 – Robert Franklin Stroud, Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)


February 9 – Carolina Nabuco, Brazilian writer and translator (d. 1981) February 10 – Boris Pasternak, Russian writer (Doctor Zhivago), Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureate (declined) (d. 1960) February 14 – Nina Hamnett, Welsh painter (d. 1956) February 15 – Matome Ugaki, Japanese admiral (d. 1945) February 16 – Francesco de Pinedo, Italian aviator (d. 1933) February 17 – Ronald Fisher, English statistician and geneticist (d. 1962) February 18

Edward Arnold, American actor (d. 1956) Adolphe Menjou, American actor (d. 1963)

February 24 – Marjorie Main, American actress (d. 1975) February 25

Dame Myra Hess, English pianist (d. 1965) Kiyohide Shima, Japanese admiral (d. 1973)

February 27

Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (d. 1933) Art Smith, American pilot (d. 1926)


Vyacheslav Molotov

Eugeniusz Baziak

March 4 – Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (d. 1939) March 8 – Eugeniusz Baziak, Polish Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
archbishop (d. 1962) March 9

(new style) Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet politician (d. 1986) Rupert Balfe, Australian rules footballer (d. 1915)

March 11 – Vannevar Bush, American engineer, inventor, and politician (d. 1974) March 20

Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (d. 1957) Fania Marinoff, Russian born American actress (d. 1971) Lauritz Melchior, Danish-American tenor (d. 1973)

March 26 – Aaron S. "Tip" Merrill, American admiral (d. 1961) March 28 – Paul Whiteman, American bandleader (d. 1967) March 31 – William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)


April 6 – Anthony Fokker, Dutch aircraft manufacturer (d. 1939) April 7

Paul Berth, Danish amateur footballer (d. 1969) Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist and writer (d. 1998) Harry W. Hill, American admiral (d. 1971)

April 13

Frank Murphy, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1949) Dadasaheb Torne, Indian filmmaker (d. 1960)

April 11 – Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
(d. 1979) April 15 – Percy Shaw, British inventor (d. 1976) April 16

Fred Root, English cricketer (d. 1954) Vernon Sturdee, Australian general (d. 1966)

April 17 – Victor Chapman, French-American fighter pilot (d. 1916) April 18 – Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d.1958) April 20

Maurice Duplessis, premier of Quebec
(d. 1959) Adolf Schärf, former President of Austria
President of Austria
(d. 1965)

April 21 – Michitaro Tozuka, Japanese admiral (d. 1966) April 24 – Masatane Kanda, Japanese general (d. 1983) April 26 – Edgar Kennedy, American comedic actor (d. 1948) April 29 – Daisy Fellowes, French society figure, writer and heiress (d. 1962) April 30 – Géza Lakatos, 36th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1967)


Ho Chi Minh

May 1 – Laurence Wild, 1913 NCAA Men's Basketball All-American, former head coach for the Navy Midshipmen men's basketball, and 30th Governor of American Samoa
Governor of American Samoa
(d. 1971) May 4 – Franklin Carmichael, Canadian artist (d. 1945) May 7 – George Archainbaud, French film director (d. 1959) May 10 – Alfred Jodl, German general (executed) (d. 1946) May 11 – Woodall Rodgers, mayor of Dallas, Texas
(d. 1961) May 15 – Katherine Anne Porter, American author (d. 1980) May 19 – Ho Chi Minh, Prime minister/President of North Vietnam
North Vietnam
(d. 1969) May 23 – Herbert Marshall, English actor (d. 1966)


Stan Laurel

June 1 – Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949) June 6 – Ted Lewis, American jazz musician and entertainer (d. 1971) June 10 – William A. Seiter, American film director (d. 1964) June 11 – Béla Miklós, 38th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1948) June 12 – Junius Matthews, American actor (d. 1978) June 16 – Stan Laurel, English-born actor (d. 1965) June 17 – Hatazō Adachi, Japanese general (d. 1947) June 21 – Lewis H. Brereton, American aviation pioneer and air force general (d. 1967) June 23 – Salvatore Papaccio, Italian tenor (d. 1977) June 25 – Charlotte Greenwood, American actress (d. 1977) June 26

Oscar C. Badger II, American admiral (d. 1958) Jeanne Eagels, American actress (d. 1929)

June 28 – William H. P. Blandy, American admiral (d. 1954) June 29

Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper, Dutch supercentenarian (d. 2005) Pietro Montana, Italian-American sculptor, painter and teacher (d. 1978)

June 30 – Paul Boffa, 5th Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1962)


Frank Forde

Rose Kennedy

P. S. Subrahmanya Sastri

July 9 – Joseph-Alphida Crête, Canadian politician (d. 1964) July 10 – Leo Rush, Australian rules footballer (d. 1983) July 11 – Arthur Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, British air force air marshal (d. 1967) July 16

Carmelo Flores Laura, Bolivian supercentenarian (d. 2014) Carlos Carmelo Vasconcellos Motta, Brazilian cardinal (d. 1982)

July 18 – Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983) July 20 – Verna Felton, American character actress (d. 1966) July 22 – Rose Kennedy, American philanthropist and matriarch of the Kennedy family
Kennedy family
(d. 1995) July 26

Daniel J. Callaghan, American admiral and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1942) Seiichi Itō, Japanese admiral (d. 1945)

July 29 – P. S. Subrahmanya Sastri, Sanskrit scholar. First to translate Tolkāppiyam into English (d. 1978)


H. P. Lovecraft

2 – Marin Sais, American film actress (d. 1971) August
3 – Konstantin Melnikov, Russian avant-garde architect (d. 1974) August
4 – Erich Weinert, German writer and political activist (d. 1953) August
5 – Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 1956) August

Angus L. Macdonald, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
Premier (d. 1954) Bechara El Khoury, 2-Time Prime Minister and 2-Time President of Lebanon (d. 1964)


Jacques Ibert, French composer (d. 1962) Elizabeth Bolden, American, last verified person born in 1890
(d. 2006)

18 – Walther Funk, German politician (d. 1960) August 20 – H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (d. 1937) August

Hans-Joachim Buddecke, German World War I
World War I
fighter pilot and ace (d. 1918) Cecil Kellaway, South African character actor (d. 1973) Henry "Son" Sims, American Delta blues
Delta blues
fiddler and songwriter (d. 1958)

24 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (d. 1968)


Colonel Sanders

Agatha Christie

September 7 – Colonel Sanders, Founder of KFC
(d. 1980) September 8 – Dorothy Price, Irish physician (d. 1954) September 10

Elsa Schiaparelli, French couturiere (d. 1973) Sir Mortimer Wheeler, British archaeologist (d. 1976)

September 15

Agatha Christie, English writer (d. 1976) Frank Martin, Swiss composer (d. 1974)

September 20

Jelly Roll Morton, American jazz pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1941) Rachel Bluwstein, Israeli poet (d. 1931)

September 21 – Max Immelmann, German World War I
World War I
fighter ace (d. 1916) September 23

Kakuji Kakuta, Japanese admiral (d. 1944) Friedrich Paulus, German field marshal (d. 1957)

September 24 – A. P. Herbert, English humorist, novelist, playwright and law reform activist (d. 1971)


Stanley Holloway

Groucho Marx

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Charles de Gaulle

Fritz Lang

Hermann Joseph Muller

Konstantinos Georgakopoulos

October 1

Katherine Corri Harris, American socialite and actress, first wife of John Barrymore
John Barrymore
(d. 1927) Stanley Holloway, English actor (d. 1982) Alice Joyce, American silent film actress (d. 1955) Blanche Oelrichs, American poet, second wife of John Barrymore
John Barrymore
(d. 1950)

October 2 – Groucho Marx, American comedian (d. 1977) October 8

Henrich Focke, German aviation pioneer (d. 1979) Eddie Rickenbacker, race car driver and American World War I
World War I
fighter pilot (d. 1973)

October 9 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American Pentecostal Evangelist (d. 1944) October 13 – Conrad Richter, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1968) October 14 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States (d. 1969) October 16

Michael Collins, Irish patriot (d. 1922) Paul Strand, American photographer (d. 1976)

October 17 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928) October 20 – Sherman Minton, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1965) October 23 – Abdul Hamid Karami, 16th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 1950) October 25
October 25
– Floyd Bennett, American aviator and explorer (d. 1928) October 26 – John Aae, Norwegian politician (d. 1968) October 29 – Hans-Valentin Hube, German army general (d. 1944)



Tomitarō Horii, Japanese general (d. 1942) Jan Matulka, American painter (d. 1972)

8 – Conrad Weygand, German chemist (d. 1945) November
16 – Elpidio Quirino, 6th President of the Philippines
President of the Philippines
(d. 1956) November
20 – Leon Cadore, American baseball pitcher (d. 1968) November
22 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France
President of France
(d. 1970) November 23 – El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)


December 5

David Bomberg, English painter (d. 1957) Fritz Lang, German-Austrian filmmaker, screenwriter, and actor (d. 1976)

December 6 – Dion Fortune, British occultist (d. 1946) December 8 – Bohuslav Martinů, Czech composer (d. 1959) December 10

László Bárdossy, 33rd Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1946) Henry Louis Larsen, American Marine Corps General; Governor of American Samoa and Governor of Guam
Governor of Guam
(d. 1962)

December 11 – Carlos Gardel, Argentine tango
Argentine tango
singer (d. 1935) December 12– Charles Basil Price, Canadian soldier and politician (d. 1975) December 20 – Jaroslav Heyrovský, Czech chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967) December 21 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1967) December 25 – Robert Ripley, American collector of odd facts (d. 1949) December 26

Uncle Charlie Osborne, Appalachian fiddler (d. 1992) Konstantinos Georgakopoulos, Greek lawyer and professor, 152nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1973)

December 30

Lanoe Hawker, British fighter pilot (d. 1916) Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, 47th President of Mexico (d. 1973)

Unknown date[edit]

Hatı Çırpan, Turkish politician (d. 1956) Saadi Al Munla, 17th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 1975) Lydia Zvereva, first Russian woman to earn a pilot's license (d. 1916)

Deaths[edit] January–June[edit]

January 7 – Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Empress Consort of William I, German Emperor
William I, German Emperor
(b. 1811) January 18 – King Amadeus I of Spain (b. 1845) February 18 – Gyula Andrássy, 4th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1823) February 22

John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (b. 1822) Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)

March 3 – Innocenzo da Berzo, Capuchin friar (b. 1844) March 7 – Karl Rudolf Friedenthal, Prussian statesman (b. 1827) March 9 – Sir Mangaldas Nathubhoy, Indian politician (b. 1832) March 16 Princess Zorka of Montenegro
Princess Zorka of Montenegro
(b. 1864) April 1

David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820) Alexander Mozhaysky, Russian aeronautical pioneer (b. 1825)

April 11

David de Jahacob Lopez Cardozo, Dutch Talmudist (b. 1808) Joseph Merrick
Joseph Merrick
(The Elephant Man), English oddity (b. 1862)

April 19 – James Pollock, American politician (b. 1810) June 24 – Subba Row, Hindu theosophist (b. 1856) June 30 – Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)


Carlo Collodi

John Boyle O'Reilly

William III of the Netherlands

Heinrich Schliemann

July 7 – Henri Nestlé, Swiss confectioner and the founder of Nestlé (b. 1814) July 9 – Clinton B. Fisk, American philanthropist and temperance activist (b. 1828) July 13

John C. Frémont, American explorer and military officer (b. 1813) Johann Voldemar Jannsen, Estonian journalist and poet (b. 1819)

July 15 – Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (b. 1819) July 29 – Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (b. 1853) August 6 – William Kemmler, American murderer, first person executed in the electric chair (b. 1860) August
10 – John Boyle O'Reilly, Irish-born poet, journalist and fiction writer (b. 1844) August
11 – John Henry Newman, English Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Cardinal (b. 1801) October 4 – Catherine Booth, Mother of The Salvation Army
The Salvation Army
(b. 1829) October 20 – Richard Francis Burton, English explorer, linguist, soldier (b. 1820) October 26 – Carlo Collodi, Italian writer (The Adventures of Pinocchio) (b. 1826) November
3 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811) November 4 – Félix du Temple de la Croix, French Army Captain & aviation pioneer (b. 1823) November
7 – Comanche, American horse, survivor of Custer's cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn November
8 – César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822) November
11 – Marie-Charles David de Mayréna, French adventurer and self-styled King of Sedang (b. 1842) November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands
William III of the Netherlands
(b. 1817) November
24 – August
Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born financier (b. 1816) December 15 – Sitting Bull, Native American chief (b. c. 1831) December 21 – Johanne Luise Heiberg, Danish actress (b. 1812) December 26
December 26
– Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (b. 1822) December 31 – Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (b. 1826)

Date unknown[edit]

Ann Leah Underhill, one of the Fox sisters, American fraudulent medium (b. 1814)


^ a b c "Full List of Thunder Bay Region Shipwrecks (by name)". MSU Sea Grant Extension, Northeast District, Michigan
State University. 2000.  ^ a b c d "Many Great Liners Paid Toll Of The Sea; Republic Was First to Utilize the Wireless in Calls for Aid". The New York Times. 16 April 1912. Retrieved 2011-09-14.  ^ "This Day in History: 1890". History.com. A&E Television Networks. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010. Retrieved 2009-10-27.  ^ "A Steamer and 400 Lives Lost". Otago Times. 17 January 1890. Retrieved 2012-05-06.  ^ The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978. ^ Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 182, ref. no. 200954-13 ^ Hermann, Christoph: Capitalism and the Political Economy of Work Time, pp. 113 ^ "Dixon, George (Little Chocolate)". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. University of Toronto; Université Laval. 2000. Retrieved 2012-01-23.  ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 317–318. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.  ^ The Daily News (London). "lime, n2". Oxford English Dictionary online version. Oxford University Press. September 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-15.  (subscription or UK public library membership required) ^ "History of UNT 125th Anniversary". 125.unt.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-05.  ^ Crouch, Tom D. "Clément Ader". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2011-03-03.  ^ Gray, Carroll (1998–2003). "Clement Ader 1841–1925". Flying Machines. Retrieved 2011-03-03.  ^ Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. (1959). "Hops and Flights: A Roll Call of Early Powered Take-offs". Flight. 75: 468. Retrieved 2011-03-03.  ^ "Read And Others V. The Lord Bishop Of Lincoln: Court Of The Archbishop Of Canterbury, Lambeth Palace, Nov. 21". The Times
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(33176). London. 1890-11-22. p. 4.  ^ Two Hundred Drowned - Panic among the Chinese on the burned steamer Shanghai. ^ Galton, Francis (1891). "The Patterns in Thumb and Finger Marks – On Their Arrangement into Naturally Distinct Classes, the Permanence of the Papillary Ridges that Make Them, and the Resemblance of Their Classes to Ordinary Genera". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 182: 1–23. doi:10.1098/rstb.1891.0001. JSTOR 91733.  ^ "Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa". World Digital Library. 1908. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 

Further reading and year books[edit]

Annual Cyclopedia online; highly detailed coverage of "Political, Military, and Ecclesiastical Affairs; Public Documents; Biography, Statistics, Commerce, Finance, Literature, Science, Agriculture, and Mechanical Industry" (1891); compilation of facts and primary documents; w