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1806
1806
(MDCCCVI ) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar , the 1806th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 806th year of the 2nd millennium , the 6th year of the 19th century , and the 7th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1806, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January–March * 1.2 April–June * 1.3 July–September * 1.4 October–December * 1.5 Date unknown

* 2 Births

* 2.1 January–June * 2.2 July–December * 2.3 Date unknown

* 3 Deaths

* 3.1 January–June * 3.2 July–December * 3.3 Date unknown

* 4 References

EVENTS

JANUARY–MARCH

* January 1 – The French Republican Calendar is abolished. * January 1 Kingdom of Bavaria established by Napoleon
Napoleon
. * January 5 – The body of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson , lies in state in the Painted Hall of the Greenwich Hospital prior to his funeral. * January 8 Cape Colony becomes a British colony . * January 9 – Lord Nelson is given a state funeral at St Paul\'s Cathedral , attended by the Prince of Wales . * January 10 – The Dutch in Cape Town surrender to the British forces. * January 19 – The British occupy the Cape of Good Hope
Cape of Good Hope
. * January 23 – Grenville succeeds William Pitt the Younger as wartime Prime Minister of the United Kingdom , upon Pitt's death this day amidst worsening health caused by the stresses of the Napoleonic Wars . * February 6 – The Royal Navy gains a victory off Santo Domingo . * March 23 – After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark
Lewis and Clark
and their Corps of Discovery begin their journey home. * March 28 – Washington College (now Washington the message does not reach Napoleon
Napoleon
Bonaparte until October 7 and he responds by attacking Prussia.

OCTOBER–DECEMBER

* October 8 Napoleon
Napoleon
responds to the September 25 ultimatum from Prussia and begins the War of the Fourth Coalition ; Prussia is joined by Saxony and other minor German states . * October 9 – In the Battle of Schleiz , French and Prussian forces fight for the first time since the war began. The Prussian army is easily defeated by a more numerous French force. * October 14 Battle of Jena–Auerstedt
Battle of Jena–Auerstedt
: Napoleon
Napoleon
defeats the Prussian army of Prince Hohenlohe at Jena while Marshal Davout defeats the main Prussian army under Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel , who is killed. * October 17 – Emperor Jacques I of Haiti
Haiti
(Jean-Jacques Dessalines ) is assassinated at the Pont-Rouge, Haiti
Haiti
, and Alexandre Pétion becomes first President of the Republic of Haiti. * October 24 – French forces enter Berlin. * October 30 Capitulation of Stettin : Believing themselves massively outnumbered, the 5,300-man garrison at Stettin in Prussia surrenders to a much smaller French force without a fight. * November 15 Pike expedition : During his second exploratory expedition, Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado
Colorado
foothills of the Rocky Mountains (later named Pikes Peak in his honor). * November 21 Napoleon
Napoleon
declares the Continental Blockade against the British, blocking the import of British manufactured goods to the rest of Europe. * November 24 – The last major Prussian field force, under Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher , surrenders to the French near Lübeck . Frederick William III has by this time fled to Russia. * November 28 – French troops enter Warsaw
Warsaw
.

* December 26 War of the Fourth Coalition

* Battle of Pułtusk : Russian forces under General Bennigsen narrowly escape from a direct confrontation with Napoleon
Napoleon
, who goes into winter quarters. * Battle of Golymin : Russian forces under General Golitsyn fight a successful rearguard action against French forces under Marshall Murat .

DATE UNKNOWN

* Noah Webster publishes his first American English dictionary.

Section of a frieze from the Elgin Marbles .

* Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin
, removes the Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon
Parthenon
in Athens
Athens
. * Annual British iron production reaches 260,000 tons.

BIRTHS

JANUARY–JUNE

* January 1 Lionel Kieseritzky , Baltic German chess player (d. 1853 ) * January 27 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga , Spanish composer (d. 1826
1826
) * February 22 Józef Kremer , Polish messianic philosopher (d. 1875 )

* March 4

* Ephraim Wales Bull , Creator of the Concord grape (d. 1895 ) * George Bradburn , American abolitionist and women's rights advocate (d. 1880 )

* March 6 Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
, English poet (d. 1861
1861
) * March 11 Carlo Pellion di Persano , Italian admiral and politician (d. 1883
1883
) * March 12 Jane Pierce , First Lady of the United States
First Lady of the United States
(d. 1863 ) * March 21 Benito Juárez , Mexican statesman and folk hero (d. 1872 ) * April 3 Ivan Kireyevsky , Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856
1856
) * April 6 Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl , German scholar (d. 1876 ) * April 9 Isambard Kingdom Brunel , British engineer (d. 1859
1859
) * May 2 Catherine Labouré , French visionary and saint (d. 1876 ) * May 20 John Stuart Mill , British philosopher (d. 1873
1873
) * June 12 John Augustus Roebling
John Augustus Roebling
, German-American engineer (d. 1869 ) * June 27 Augustus De Morgan , British mathematician and logician (d. 1871
1871
)

JULY–DECEMBER

* July 5 – James Dawson , Aboriginal Guardian (d. 1900
1900
) * July 5 Blanka Teleki , Hungarian countess and women's rights activist (d. 1862
1862
) * September 12 Andrew Hull Foote , American admiral (d. 1863 ) * October 3 Oliver Cowdery
Oliver Cowdery
, American religious leader (d. 1850 ) * October 25 Max Stirner , German philosopher (d. 1856
1856
) * November 13 Emilia Plater , Polish heroine (d. 1831 ) * December 11 Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich , German geologist (d. 1886 )

DATE UNKNOWN

* William Bell , English portrait painter from Newcastle upon Tyne (b. c. 1735
1735
) * Edward Welch , Welsh architect (d. 1868
1868
)

DEATHS

JANUARY–JUNE

* January 8 Magdalena Dávalos y Maldonado , Ecuadorian scholar and socialite (b. 1725 ) * January 23 William Pitt the Younger , Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759
1759
) * February 2 Rétif de la Bretonne , French writer (b. 1734 ) * February 16 Franz von Weyrother
Franz von Weyrother
, Austrian general (b. 1755
1755
) * February 19 Elizabeth Carter , English writer (b. 1717 ) * February 20 Lachlan McIntosh , Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725 ) * March 20 Salomea Deszner , Polish actress, singer and theater director (b. 1759
1759
) * March 23 George Pinto English composer (b. 1785 ) * March 30 Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire (b. 1757
1757
) * April 9 William V, Prince of Orange (b. 1748
1748
) * April 10 Horatio Gates , retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War
(b. 1727 ) * April 22 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve , French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763
1763
) * May 9 Robert Morris (financier) , Financier of the American Revolution (b. 1734 ) * May 24 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll , British field marshal (b. 1723 ) * June 23 Mathurin Jacques Brisson , French naturalist (b. 1723 ) * June 30 – Charles Dickinson , American attorney, famous duelist, killed in a duel by Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
(b. 1780
1780
)

JULY–DECEMBER

Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb

* July 4 Charles Henri Sanson , Royal Executioner of France during the reign of King Louis XVI (b. 1739 ) * July 10 George Stubbs , English painter (b. 1724 ) * July 11 – James Smith , American signer of the United States Declaration of Independence * August 10 Michael Haydn , Austrian composer (b. 1737 ) * August 22 Jean-Honoré Fragonard , French painter (b. 1742
1742
) * August 23 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
, French physicist (b. 1736
1736
) * September 9 – William Paterson , signer of the United States Constitution , Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745
1745
) * October 9 Benjamin Banneker , American astronomer and surveyor (b. 1731 ) * October 10 – Louis Ferdinand of Prussia , German prince (killed in battle) (b. 1772 ) * October 25 Henry Knox
Henry Knox
, Secretary of War under George Washington (b. 1750 ) * November 23 Roger Newdigate , British politician (b. 1719 ) * December 22 William Vernon , American merchant (b. 1719 )

DATE UNKNOWN

* Mungo Park , Scottish explorer (b. 1771 ) * Johann Gottfried Arnold , German cellist (b. 1773
1773
)

REFERENCES

* ^ Hibbert, Christopher Nelson: A Personal History (1994) p. 382 * ^ Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press . p. 210. OCLC 2191890 . * ^ "Auckland Islands", in Exploring Polar Frontiers: A Historical Encyclopedia, ed. by William J. Mills (ABC-CLIO, 2003) p39 * ^ Jones, A. G. E. (1970). "Captain Abraham Bristow and the Auckland Islands" (PDF). Notes and Queries . 17 (10): 369–371. doi :10.1093/nq/17.10.369 . Retrieved 2011-12-14. * ^ Lee Ann Sandweiss, Seeking St. Louis: Voices from a River City, 1670-2000 (Missouri History Museum, 2000) p41 * ^ A B F. Loraine Petre, Napoleon's Conquest of Prussia - 1806 (John Lane Company, 1907) pxv * ^ "Napoleon's Continental Blockade— An Effective Substitute to Naval Weakness?" by Silvia Marzagali, in Naval Blockades and Seapower: Strategies and Counter-Strategies, 1805-2005 ed. by Bruce A. Elleman and S.C.M. Paine (Routledge, 2007) p25 * ^ " Elizabeth Carter - British author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 January 2017.

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1806
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