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1806
1806
(MDCCCVI ) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, the 1806th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 806th year of the 2nd millennium , the 6th year of the 19th century
19th century
, and the 7th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1806, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January–March * 1.2 April–June * 1.3 July–September * 1.4 October–December * 1.5 Date unknown

* 2 Births

* 2.1 January–June * 2.2 July–December * 2.3 Date unknown

* 3 Deaths

* 3.1 January–June * 3.2 July–December * 3.3 Date unknown

* 4 References

EVENTS

JANUARY–MARCH

* January 1 – The French Republican Calendar
French Republican Calendar
is abolished. * January 1 Kingdom of Bavaria established by Napoleon
Napoleon
. * January 5 – The body of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson
Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson
, lies in state in the Painted Hall of the Greenwich Hospital prior to his funeral. * January 8 Cape Colony
Cape Colony
becomes a British colony . * January 9 – Lord Nelson is given a state funeral at St Paul\'s Cathedral , attended by the Prince of Wales . * January 10 – The Dutch in Cape Town
Cape Town
surrender to the British forces. * January 19 – The British occupy the Cape of Good Hope
Cape of Good Hope
. * January 23 – Grenville succeeds William Pitt the Younger as wartime Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
, upon Pitt's death this day amidst worsening health caused by the stresses of the Napoleonic Wars . * February 6 – The Royal Navy
Royal Navy
gains a victory off Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
. * March 23 – After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana Purchase
and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark
Lewis and Clark
and their Corps of Discovery begin their journey home. * March 28 – Washington College (now Washington the message does not reach Napoleon
Napoleon
Bonaparte until October 7 and he responds by attacking Prussia.

OCTOBER–DECEMBER

* October 8 Napoleon
Napoleon
responds to the September 25 ultimatum from Prussia and begins the War of the Fourth Coalition
War of the Fourth Coalition
; Prussia is joined by Saxony and other minor German states . * October 9 – In the Battle of Schleiz
Battle of Schleiz
, French and Prussian forces fight for the first time since the war began. The Prussian army is easily defeated by a more numerous French force. * October 14 Battle of Jena–Auerstedt
Battle of Jena–Auerstedt
: Napoleon
Napoleon
defeats the Prussian army of Prince Hohenlohe at Jena
Jena
while Marshal Davout defeats the main Prussian army under Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel , who is killed. * October 17 – Emperor Jacques I of Haiti
Haiti
(Jean-Jacques Dessalines ) is assassinated at the Pont-Rouge, Haiti
Haiti
, and Alexandre Pétion becomes first President of the Republic of Haiti. * October 24 – French forces enter Berlin. * October 30 Capitulation of Stettin
Capitulation of Stettin
: Believing themselves massively outnumbered, the 5,300-man garrison at Stettin in Prussia surrenders to a much smaller French force without a fight. * November 15 Pike expedition : During his second exploratory expedition, Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Zebulon Pike
Zebulon Pike
sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado
Colorado
foothills of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
(later named Pikes Peak in his honor). * November 21 Napoleon
Napoleon
declares the Continental Blockade
Continental Blockade
against the British, blocking the import of British manufactured goods to the rest of Europe. * November 24 – The last major Prussian field force, under Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher , surrenders to the French near Lübeck
Lübeck
. Frederick William III has by this time fled to Russia. * November 28 – French troops enter Warsaw
Warsaw
.

* December 26 War of the Fourth Coalition
War of the Fourth Coalition

* Battle of Pułtusk
Battle of Pułtusk
: Russian forces under General Bennigsen narrowly escape from a direct confrontation with Napoleon
Napoleon
, who goes into winter quarters. * Battle of Golymin : Russian forces under General Golitsyn fight a successful rearguard action against French forces under Marshall Murat .

DATE UNKNOWN

* Noah Webster
Noah Webster
publishes his first American English
American English
dictionary.

Section of a frieze from the Elgin Marbles
Elgin Marbles
.

* Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin , removes the Elgin Marbles
Elgin Marbles
from the Parthenon
Parthenon
in Athens
Athens
. * Annual British iron production reaches 260,000 tons.

BIRTHS

JANUARY–JUNE

* January 1 Lionel Kieseritzky , Baltic German chess player (d. 1853
1853
) * January 27 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga , Spanish composer (d. 1826
1826
) * February 22 Józef Kremer
Józef Kremer
, Polish messianic philosopher (d. 1875
1875
)

* March 4

* Ephraim Wales Bull , Creator of the Concord grape (d. 1895
1895
) * George Bradburn
George Bradburn
, American abolitionist and women's rights advocate (d. 1880
1880
)

* March 6 Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
, English poet (d. 1861
1861
) * March 11 Carlo Pellion di Persano , Italian admiral and politician (d. 1883
1883
) * March 12 Jane Pierce
Jane Pierce
, First Lady of the United States
First Lady of the United States
(d. 1863
1863
) * March 21 Benito Juárez
Benito Juárez
, Mexican statesman and folk hero (d. 1872
1872
) * April 3 Ivan Kireyevsky , Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856
1856
) * April 6 Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl , German scholar (d. 1876
1876
) * April 9 Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
, British engineer (d. 1859
1859
) * May 2 Catherine Labouré
Catherine Labouré
, French visionary and saint (d. 1876 ) * May 20 John Stuart Mill
John Stuart Mill
, British philosopher (d. 1873
1873
) * June 12 John Augustus Roebling , German-American engineer (d. 1869
1869
) * June 27 Augustus De Morgan
Augustus De Morgan
, British mathematician and logician (d. 1871
1871
)

JULY–DECEMBER

* July 5 – James Dawson , Aboriginal Guardian (d. 1900
1900
) * July 5 Blanka Teleki , Hungarian countess and women's rights activist (d. 1862
1862
) * September 12 Andrew Hull Foote , American admiral (d. 1863
1863
) * October 3 Oliver Cowdery
Oliver Cowdery
, American religious leader (d. 1850 ) * October 25 Max Stirner
Max Stirner
, German philosopher (d. 1856
1856
) * November 13 Emilia Plater , Polish heroine (d. 1831
1831
) * December 11 Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich
Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich
, German geologist (d. 1886
1886
)

DATE UNKNOWN

* William Bell , English portrait painter from Newcastle upon Tyne (b. c. 1735
1735
) * Edward Welch , Welsh architect (d. 1868
1868
)

DEATHS

JANUARY–JUNE

* January 8 Magdalena Dávalos y Maldonado , Ecuadorian scholar and socialite (b. 1725
1725
) * January 23 William Pitt the Younger , Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759
1759
) * February 2
February 2
Rétif de la Bretonne , French writer (b. 1734
1734
) * February 16 Franz von Weyrother , Austrian general (b. 1755
1755
) * February 19 Elizabeth Carter , English writer (b. 1717
1717
) * February 20 Lachlan McIntosh
Lachlan McIntosh
, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725
1725
) * March 20 Salomea Deszner , Polish actress, singer and theater director (b. 1759
1759
) * March 23 George Pinto English composer (b. 1785
1785
) * March 30 Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
(b. 1757 ) * April 9 William V, Prince of Orange
William V, Prince of Orange
(b. 1748
1748
) * April 10 Horatio Gates , retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War
(b. 1727
1727
) * April 22 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve
Pierre-Charles Villeneuve
, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763
1763
) * May 9 Robert Morris (financier)
Robert Morris (financier)
, Financier of the American Revolution (b. 1734
1734
) * May 24 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll
John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll
, British field marshal (b. 1723
1723
) * June 23 Mathurin Jacques Brisson , French naturalist (b. 1723 ) * June 30 – Charles Dickinson , American attorney, famous duelist, killed in a duel by Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
(b. 1780
1780
)

JULY–DECEMBER

Charles-Augustin de Coulomb

* July 4 Charles Henri Sanson , Royal Executioner of France during the reign of King Louis XVI (b. 1739
1739
) * July 10 George Stubbs
George Stubbs
, English painter (b. 1724
1724
) * July 11 – James Smith , American signer of the United States Declaration of Independence * August 10 Michael Haydn
Michael Haydn
, Austrian composer (b. 1737 ) * August 22 Jean-Honoré Fragonard
Jean-Honoré Fragonard
, French painter (b. 1742
1742
) * August 23 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb , French physicist (b. 1736 ) * September 9 – William Paterson , signer of the United States Constitution , Governor of New Jersey
Governor of New Jersey
(b. 1745
1745
) * October 9 Benjamin Banneker
Benjamin Banneker
, American astronomer and surveyor (b. 1731 ) * October 10 – Louis Ferdinand of Prussia , German prince (killed in battle) (b. 1772 ) * October 25 Henry Knox , Secretary of War under George Washington (b. 1750
1750
) * November 23 Roger Newdigate , British politician (b. 1719
1719
) * December 22 William Vernon , American merchant (b. 1719
1719
)

DATE UNKNOWN

* Mungo Park , Scottish explorer (b. 1771
1771
) * Johann Gottfried Arnold , German cellist (b. 1773
1773
)

REFERENCES

* ^ Hibbert, Christopher Nelson: A Personal History (1994) p. 382 * ^ Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press
University of Pittsburgh Press
. p. 210. OCLC
OCLC
2191890 . * ^ "Auckland Islands", in Exploring Polar Frontiers: A Historical Encyclopedia, ed. by William J. Mills (ABC-CLIO, 2003) p39 * ^ Jones, A. G. E. (1970). "Captain Abraham Bristow and the Auckland Islands" (PDF). Notes and Queries . 17 (10): 369–371. doi :10.1093/nq/17.10.369 . Retrieved 2011-12-14. * ^ Lee Ann Sandweiss, Seeking St. Louis: Voices from a River City, 1670-2000 (Missouri History Museum, 2000) p41 * ^ A B F. Loraine Petre, Napoleon's Conquest of Prussia - 1806 (John Lane Company, 1907) pxv * ^ "Napoleon's Continental Blockade— An Effective Substitute to Naval Weakness?" by Silvia Marzagali, in Naval Blockades and Seapower: Strategies and Counter-Strategies, 1805-2005 ed. by Bruce A. Elleman and S.C.M. Paine (Routledge, 2007) p25 * ^ " Elizabeth Carter - British author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 January 2017.

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1806
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