HOME
The Info List - 1640


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

1640
1640
(MDCXL ) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter ED) of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, the 1640th year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 640th year of the 2nd millennium
2nd millennium
, the 40th year of the 17th century
17th century
, and the 1st year of the 1640s decade. As of the start of 1640, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January–June * 1.2 July–December * 1.3 Date unknown

* 2 Births

* 2.1 January–March * 2.2 April–June * 2.3 July– September
September
* 2.4 October–December * 2.5 Date unknown

* 3 Deaths * 4 In fiction * 5 References

EVENTS

JANUARY–JUNE

* February 9 – Ibrahim I (1640– 1648 ) succeeds Murad IV
Murad IV
(1623 –1640) as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
. * March 8 –13 – Siege of Galle
Galle
: Dutch troops take the strategic fortress at Galle
Galle
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
from the Portuguese. * April 13 – The Short Parliament
Short Parliament
assembles, as King Charles I of England attempts to fund the second of the Bishops\' Wars . * May 5 – The Short Parliament
Short Parliament
is dissolved. * May 22 – The Catalan Revolt (Guerra dels Segadors) breaks out in Catalonia
Catalonia
.

JULY–DECEMBER

* July 9 – John Punch , a servant of Virginia planter Hugh Gwyn, is sentenced to a life of servitude after attempting to escape, making him the "first official slave in the English colonies" * August 9 – Forty-one Spanish delegates to Japan at Nagasaki
Nagasaki
are beheaded. * August 20 – Second Bishops\' War : A Scottish Covenanter
Covenanter
army invades Northumberland
Northumberland
in England. * August 28 – Second Bishops' War – Battle of Newburn : The Scottish Covenanter
Covenanter
army led by Alexander Leslie defeats the English army near Newburn in England. * September
September
Sebastien Manrique reaches Dhaka
Dhaka
. * October 26 – The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between the Scottish Covenanters and Charles I of England
Charles I of England
. * November 3 – The English Long Parliament
Long Parliament
is summoned.

* December 1

* End of the Iberian Union
Iberian Union
: A revolution organized by the nobility and bourgeoisie causes John IV of Portugal
John IV of Portugal
to be acclaimed as king, thus ending 60 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain, and the rule of the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
(also called the Philippine Dynasty). The Spanish Habsburgs do not recognize Portugal's new dynasty, the House of Braganza
House of Braganza
, until the end of the Portuguese Restoration War in 1668 . * Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
begins to rule.

DATE UNKNOWN

* The first university in Finland, the Academy of Åbo , is founded in Turku
Turku
. * The first book to be printed in North America
North America
(the Bay Psalm Book ) is published. * The first known European coffeehouse opens in Venice
Venice
.

BIRTHS

Philippe de La Hire Bernard Lamy Pieter Cornelisz van Slingelandt George Hooper
George Hooper

JANUARY–MARCH

* January 5 Paolo Lorenzani , Italian composer (d. 1713 )

* January 8

* Joaquín Canaves , Spanish Catholic bishop (d. 1721 ) * Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
, German princess (d. 1709 )

* January 10 Élie Benoist , French Protestant minister (d. 1728 ) * January 11 Sir Robert Burdett, 3rd Baronet , English politician (d. 1716 ) * January 17 Jonathan Singletary Dunham , prominent early American settler of Woodbridge Township (d. 1724 ) * January 23 Philipp von Hörnigk , German economist (d. 1714 ) * January 25 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire , English soldier and statesman (d. 1707 ) * January 31 Samuel Willard , American theologian (d. 1707 ) * February 6 – William Campion , English politician (d. 1702 ) * February 13 – Richard Edgcumbe , English politician (d. 1688 ) * February 14 – Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler , Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1693
1693
) * February 17 Olivier Morel de La Durantaye , French military officer (d. 1716 ) * February 20 Pierre II Mignard , French architect and painter (d. 1725 )

* February 24

* Charles-René d\'Hozier , French historical commentator (d. 1732
1732
) * Michiel ten Hove , interim Grand Pensionary of Holland (1688, 1689) (d. 1689 )

* February 29

* Elisabeth Charlotte, Countess of Holzappel (d. 1707 ) * Benjamin Keach , English Particular Baptist preacher (d. 1704 )

* March 6 Marcantonio Barbarigo , Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1706
1706
) * March 7 Maria Theresa van Thielen , Flemish Baroque painter (d. 1706
1706
) * March 9 – Jacques d\'Agar , French painter (d. 1715 ) * March 18 Philippe de La Hire , French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1718 )

APRIL–JUNE

* April 1

* Sigismund Casimir , Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1647
1647
) * Georg Mohr , Danish mathematician (d. 1697 )

* April 4 Gaspar Sanz , Spanish composer, musician, priest (d. 1710
1710
) * April 6 – Thomas Lloyd , Quaker preacher of provincial Pennsylvania (d. 1694 ) * April 7 Ludmilla Elisabeth of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt , German noblewoman; Countess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and hymn poet (d. 1672 ) * April 18 Étienne Chauvin , French Protestant divine (d. 1725 ) * April 22 Mariana Alcoforado , Portuguese nun (d. 1723 ) * April 23 Wolfgang William Romer , Dutch military engineer (d. 1713 ) * April 26 Frederick, Count of Nassau-Weilburg , ruling Count of Nassau-Weilburg (1655-1675) (d. 1675 ) * April 30 Nicolas Letourneux , French preacher, ascetical writer (d. 1686
1686
) * May 31 Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
, King of Poland (d. 1673 ) * June 5 Pu Songling , Qing Dynasty Chinese writer (d. 1715 ) * June 9 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705 ) * June 15 Bernard Lamy , French Oratorian mathematician and theologian (d. 1715 ) * June 16 Jacques Ozanam
Jacques Ozanam
, French mathematician (d. 1718 ) * June 19 – Thomas Widdrington , English politician (d. 1660 ) * June 21 Abraham Mignon , Dutch golden age painter (d. 1679 ) * June 29 Elizabeth Stanhope, Countess of Chesterfield , second wife of Philip Stanhope (d. 1665
1665
)

JULY–SEPTEMBER

* July 8 Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester , son of Charles I (d. 1660 ) * July 20 Johannes Bohn , German physician (d. 1718 ) * August 2 Gérard Audran , French engraver (d. 1703 ) * August 8 Amalia Catharina , German poet and musician (d. 1697 ) * September
September
7 – Johann Jacob Schütz , German lawyer (d. 1690 ) * September
September
8 – Jérôme de Gonnelieu , French Jesuit theologian (d. 1715 ) * September
September
21 – Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
, younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife (d. 1701 ) * September
September
23 – Date Tsunamune , Japanese daimyo of Sendai han (d. 1711 ) * September
September
29 – Antoine Coysevox , French sculptor (d. 1720 )

OCTOBER–DECEMBER

* October 11 – Louis Henry, Count Palatine of Simmern-Kaiserslautern , German noble (d. 1674 ) * October 12
October 12
Sir Roger Twisden, 2nd Baronet of England (d. 1703 ) * October 18 – William Stanley , English Member of Parliament (d. 1670 )

* October 20

* Gérard Edelinck , Flemish engraver (d. 1707 ) * Pieter Cornelisz van Slingelandt
Pieter Cornelisz van Slingelandt
, Dutch Golden Age painter (d. 1691 )

* October 23 Elisabeth Pepys , English wife of Samuel Pepys (d. 1669 ) * October 25 Johann Ludwig Hannemann , German chemist (d. 1724 ) * October 28 Streynsham Master
Streynsham Master
, English colonial administrator (d. 1724 ) * November 1 Francisco de Benavides , Spanish viceroy (d. 1716 ) * November 4 Carlo Mannelli , Italian violinist, castrato and composer (d. 1697 ) * November 5 John Verney, 1st Viscount Fermanagh , British politician (d. 1717 ) * November 14 Jonathan Corwin , American judge of the Salem witch trials (d. 1718 ) * November 15 Nicolaus Adam Strungk , German composer and violinist (d. 1700 )

* November 18 George Hooper
George Hooper
, Bishop of St Asaph Bishop of Bath and Wells (d. 1727 ) * November 25 – Juan Domingo de Zuñiga y Fonseca , Spanish Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (d. 1716 ) * November 27 Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
(d. 1709 ) * December 1 Ercole Antonio Mattioli , Italian politician (d. 1694 ) * December 6 Claude Fleury , French ecclesiastical historian (d. 1723 ) * December 13 Robert Plot , English naturalist (d. 1696 ) * December 14 (probable date) – Aphra Behn
Aphra Behn
, English author (d. 1689 ) * December 20
December 20
Pierre Cureau de La Chambre , French churchman (d. 1693
1693
) * December 22 Inaba Masamichi , Japanese daimyo (d. 1716 ) * December 25 Julius Micrander , Swedish theologian (d. 1702 ) * December 29 William Feilding, 3rd Earl of Denbigh (d. 1685
1685
)

DATE UNKNOWN

* Marguerite de la Sablière , French salonist and polymath (d. 1693 )

DEATHS

Philip Massinger Peter Paul Rubens
Peter Paul Rubens

* January 1 Johann Wilhelm Baur , German artist (b. 1607 ) * January 14 Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry
Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry
, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578 ) * January 25 – Robert Burton , English scholar (b. 1577 ) * January 26 Jindřich Matyáš Thurn , Swedish general (b. 1567 ) * February 2 Jeanne de Lestonnac , French saint (b. 1556 ) * February 9 Murad IV
Murad IV
, Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan
(b. 1612
1612
) * March 13 Isaac Manasses de Pas, Marquis de Feuquieres , French soldier (b. 1590
1590
) * March 17 Philip Massinger , English dramatist (b. 1583 ) * March 20 Michael Reyniersz Pauw , Dutch businessman (b. 1590
1590
) * April – Uriel da Costa , Portuguese philosopher (suicide) (b. 1585
1585
) * April 2 – Paul Fleming , German physician and poet (b. 1609 ) * April 5 Petrus Kirstenius , German physician and orientalist (b. 1577 ) * April 7 Wilhelm Kettler , Duke of Courland (b. 1574 ) * April 10 Agostino Agazzari , Italian composer (b. 1578 ) * April 16 Countess Charlotte Flandrina of Nassau (b. 1579 ) * May 29 Elisabet Juliana Banér , Swedish noble (b. 1600
1600
) * May 30 Peter Paul Rubens
Peter Paul Rubens
, Flemish painter (b. 1577 ) * June 3 - Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk , English politician (b. 1584
1584
) * July 13 Henry Casimir I of Nassau-Dietz , Stadtholder of Groningen, Friesland and Drenthe (b. 1612
1612
) * July 25 Fabio Colonna , Italian scientist (b. 1567
1567
) * August 30 Thomas Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Haddington , Scottish noble (b. 1600
1600
) * September
September
10 – Anthony Abdy , English merchant (b. 1579 ) * September
September
25 – Philippe-Charles, 3rd Count of Arenberg (b. 1587 )

* September
September
30

* Charles, Duke of Guise (b. 1571 ) * Jacopo da Empoli , Italian painter (b. 1551 )

* October 1 Claudio Achillini , Italian philosopher, theologian, mathematician, poet, jurist (b. 1574 )

* October 6

* Wolrad IV, Count of Waldeck -Eisenberg (b. 1588 ) * Christian Ulrik Gyldenløve , Danish diplomat and military officer (b. 1611 )

* October 7 Lord William Howard , English nobleman (b. 1563 ) * October 19 Aubert Miraeus , Belgian historian (b. 1573
1573
) * October 20 – John Ball , English Puritan clergyman (b. 1585
1585
) * November 19 Krzysztof Radziwiłł , Polish nobleman (b. 1585
1585
) * November 22 Mario Minniti , Italian artist (b. 1577 ) * November 27 Gabriel Gustafsson Oxenstierna , Swedish statesman (b. 1587 )

* December 1

* Pieter van den Broecke , Dutch merchant (b. 1585
1585
) * George William, Elector of Brandenburg