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The Info List - 1600s (decade)


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The 1600S decade ran from January
January
1, 1600, to December 31, 1609.

MILLENNIUM : 2nd millennium
2nd millennium

CENTURIES :

* 16th century
16th century
* 17TH CENTURY * 18th century
18th century

DECADES :

* 1580s * 1590s * 1600S * 1610s
1610s
* 1620s
1620s

YEARS :

* 1600
1600
* 1601 * 1602
1602
* 1603
1603
* 1604

* 1605
1605
* 1606
1606
* 1607 * 1608 * 1609

CATEGORIES:

*

* Births * Deaths * By country * By topic

*

* Establishments * Disestablishments

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 1600
1600

* 1.1.1 January– June
June
* 1.1.2 July– December * 1.1.3 Date unknown

* 1.2 1601

* 1.2.1 January– June
June
* 1.2.2 July– December * 1.2.3 Date unknown

* 1.3 1602
1602

* 1.3.1 January– June
June
* 1.3.2 July– December * 1.3.3 Ongoing events * 1.3.4 Date unknown

* 1.4 1603
1603

* 1.4.1 January– June
June
* 1.4.2 July– December * 1.4.3 Ongoing events * 1.4.4 Date unknown

* 1.5 1604

* 1.5.1 January– June
June
* 1.5.2 July– December * 1.5.3 Date unknown * 1.5.4 Religion

* 1.6 1605
1605

* 1.6.1 January– June
June
* 1.6.2 July– December * 1.6.3 Date unknown

* 1.7 1606
1606

* 1.7.1 January– June
June
* 1.7.2 July– December * 1.7.3 Date unknown

* 1.8 1607

* 1.8.1 January– June
June
* 1.8.2 July– December * 1.8.3 Date unknown

* 1.9 1608

* 1.9.1 January– June
June
* 1.9.2 July– December * 1.9.3 Date unknown

* 1.10 1609

* 1.10.1 January– June
June
* 1.10.2 July– December * 1.10.3 Date unknown

* 2 Significant people * 3 Births * 4 Deaths * 5 References

EVENTS

1600

This section is transcluded from 1600
1600
. (edit history )

January–June

* January 1 – Scotland adopts January 1 as New Year\'s Day . * January
January
Sebald de Weert makes the first definite sighting of the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
. * February 17 Giordano Bruno is burned at the stake for heresy in Rome. * February 19 Huaynaputina volcano in Peru
Peru
undergoes a catastrophic eruption, the worst to be recorded in South America. * March 20 Linköping Bloodbath : Five Swedish nobles are publicly executed by decapitation , and Polish–Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa
Sigismund III Vasa
is de facto deposed, as ruler of Sweden
Sweden
. * April 19 - The first Dutch ship ever to arrive in Japan, called "Liefde" ("Love"), anchors in Sashifu, in the Bungo area (nowadays Usuki in Oita Prefecture).

July–December

* July 2 – Eighty Years\' War – Battle of Nieuwpoort : (Dutch War of Independence) The Dutch gain a tactical victory over the Spanish . * August 5 – The brothers Alexander Ruthven and John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie , are killed during a failed attempt to kidnap or murder King James VI of Scotland at their home. * October 6 – Première of Jacopo Peri
Jacopo Peri
's Euridice , the earliest known fully surviving work of modern opera, produced by Emilio de\' Cavalieri for the wedding of Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France
and Maria de\' Medici in Florence
Florence
. * October 21 Battle of Sekigahara in Japan: Tokugawa Ieyasu gains nominal control over the whole country. * December 31 – The East India Company
East India Company
is granted a Royal Charter in the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
, on trades in Asia.

Date Unknown

* Sumo
Sumo
wrestling becomes a professional sport in Japan
Japan
. * William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
's A Midsummer Night\'s Dream is first performed, and his play The Merchant of Venice is published. * William Gilbert publishes De Magnete , which describes the Earth's magnetic field , and is the beginning of modern geomagnetism . * Fabritio Caroso 's Nobiltà de dame is published. * Ulster
Ulster
chieftains, with the lead of Hugh O\'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone , resist the English reconquest of Ireland. * A Persian embassy arrives in Prague
Prague
, and meets with Rudolf II . * Martin Möller is appointed chief pastor of Görlitz
Görlitz
. * The Lutheran
Lutheran
orthodox campaign intensifies, to reinforce the Book of Concord (approximate date). * Thessaly Rebellion (1600) . * The Caister Castle falls into ruin.

1601

This section is transcluded from 1601 . (edit history )

January–June

* January
January
11 – Valladolid
Valladolid
is briefly the capital of Habsburg Spain under Phillip III between 1601 and 1606, before returning indefinitely to Madrid
Madrid
. * January
January
17 – Treaty of Lyon : France
France
gains Bresse , Bugey and Gex from Savoy
Savoy
, ceding Saluzzo in exchange. * February 8 Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex , longtime favorite of Queen Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
, rebels against the queen; his revolt is quickly crushed. * February 25 – Robert Devereux is beheaded. * Spring – Possible first performance of William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
's tragedy Hamlet
Hamlet
.

July–December

* December 24 ( Julian calendar
Julian calendar
; January
January
3, 1602, according to the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
used by the Irish and Spanish forces in the battle) – The Battle of Kinsale ends the siege of Kinsale , Ireland (begun in autumn 1601).

Date Unknown

* Dutch troops attack the Portuguese in Malacca
Malacca
. * Jesuit
Jesuit
Matteo Ricci becomes the first European to enter the Forbidden City
Forbidden City
in Beijing, China, during the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
. * A bad harvest occurs in the Tsardom of Russia
Tsardom of Russia
, due to a rainy summer, causing the Russian famine of 1601–03 . * The Russian famine of 1601–03 kills about two million people. * Martin Möller is accused of Crypto-Calvinism . * The Battle of Seaton is fought.

1602

This section is transcluded from 1602
1602
. (edit history )

January–June

* January
January
3 – Battle of Kinsale : The battle happens on Thursday, 3 January
January
, 1602
1602
(according to the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
used by the Irish and Spanish forces in the battle), although, for the English who are still using the old Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, the date of the battle is Thursday, 24 December, 1601 . * February 2 ( Candlemas
Candlemas
night) – First known production of William Shakespeare 's comedy Twelfth Night
Twelfth Night
, in London. * March 20 – The United East India Company
East India Company
is established by the United Provinces States-General in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
, with the stated intention of capturing the spice trade from the Portuguese. * May 15 – English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold becomes the first European at Cape Cod
Cape Cod
. * June
June
James Lancaster 's East India Company
East India Company
fleet arrives at Achin (now Aceh
Aceh
), Sumatra
Sumatra
to deal with the local ruler. Having defeated Portugal 's ally, the ruler is happy to do business, and Lancaster seizes a large Portuguese galleon and loots it.

July–December

* November 8 – The Bodleian Library at Oxford University
Oxford University
is opened. * December 11 – A surprise attack by forces under the command of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
, and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain , is repelled by the citizens of Geneva
Geneva
(this actually took place after midnight, in the early morning of December 12, but commemorations/celebrations on Fête de l\'Escalade are usually held on December 11 or the closest weekend).

Ongoing Events

* Russian famine of 1601–03 * Long Turkish War (1591/1593-1606) * Jelali revolts

Date Unknown

* The Portuguese are expelled from Bahrain
Bahrain
. * Ben Jonson
Ben Jonson
writes The Poetaster . * William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
's comedy The Merry Wives of Windsor is published. * The Safavid Dynasty
Safavid Dynasty
of Persia
Persia
and the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
conclude a defensive alliance, and declare war on the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
. * A private trading company is established in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
, with a monopoly on the trade with Iceland
Iceland
. * The iconoclast and Confucian scholar Li Zhi commits suicide while in a Chinese prison, during the late Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
; he had taught that women were the intellectual equals of men and should be given equal opportunity in education; he was charged with spreading "dangerous ideas". * Copies are printed of the geographical map of East Asia created by Matteo Ricci , an Italian Jesuit
Jesuit
stationed in Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
Beijing, China, with Chinese-written labeling and map symbols. * The play A Larum for London, or the Siedge of Antwerp is published in London.

Countess Amalie Elisabeth of Hanau-Münzenberg born 29 January
January

1603

This section is transcluded from 1603
1603
. (edit history ) July 25 : James I is crowned as King of England
England
.

January–June

* February 25 Dutch–Portuguese War
Dutch–Portuguese War
: the Portuguese ship Santa Catarina is seized by Dutch East India Company
East India Company
ships off Singapore
Singapore
. The first permanent Dutch trading post in Indonesia
Indonesia
is established in Banten
Banten
.

* March
March
– French explorer Samuel Champlain sails to Canada
Canada
.

* The Fulda witch trials
Fulda witch trials
begin.

* March
March
24

* Queen Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
dies at Richmond Palace
Richmond Palace
(having ruled since 1558 ), and is succeeded by her cousin's (Mary Queen of Scots) son, King James VI of Scotland (where he has ruled since 1567 ), uniting the crowns of Scotland and England
England
. * Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
is granted the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yozei , and establishes the Tokugawa Shogunate
Tokugawa Shogunate
in Edo
Edo
, Japan. The 265-year-long Edo
Edo
period begins.

* March
March
31 – The Nine Years War (Ireland) is ended by the submission of Hugh O\'Neill, Earl of Tyrone , to the English Crown, and the signing of the Treaty of Mellifont . * April 28 – The funeral of Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
is held in Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
.

July–December

* July 17 or July 19 – Sir Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
is arrested for treason . * July 25 – James I is crowned as King of England
England
in Westminster Abbey . Ceremonies are limited because of plague. * August 17 – The Accademia dei Lincei , the oldest scientific academy in the world, is founded in Rome
Rome
by Federico Cesi
Federico Cesi
. * September 20 – Samuel Champlain arrives back in France
France
. * October
October
– The Sangley Rebellion takes place, ending in the massacre of 20,000 Sangley Chinese in Manila
Manila
. * November
November
Rokugō rebellion : More than 1,000 rōnin rebel in support of their exiled lord, Onodera Yoshimichi , in Japan. * November
November
17 – Sir Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
goes on trial for treason , in the converted Great Hall of Winchester Castle . He is found guilty, but his life is spared by King James I at this time, and he is returned to imprisonment in the Tower of London
Tower of London
. * December 22 Ottoman Dynasty : Sultan Mehmed III
Mehmed III
of the Ottoman Empire dies, and is succeeded by his son Ahmed I
Ahmed I
.

Ongoing Events

* Russian famine of 1601– 1603
1603
.

Date Unknown

* A rebellion breaks out in Transylvania . * French Huguenot
Huguenot
Pierre de Gua is granted royal permission to settle in North America
North America
, founding the colony of Acadia
Acadia
. * Yaqob is deposed as Emperor of Ethiopia
Emperor of Ethiopia
by Za Sellase, who appoints his cousin Za Dengel to replace him. * Johann Bayer
Johann Bayer
publishes the star atlas Uranometria
Uranometria
, the first to cover the entire celestial sphere . * The earliest of eight companies that will eventually merge to form the Kikkoman Corporation , the ubiquitous producers of soy sauce , is founded in Japan
Japan
.

1604

This section is transcluded from 1604 . (edit history )

January–June

* January
January
14 – The Hampton Court Conference is held between James I of England
England
, the Anglican bishops and representatives of the Puritans . Work begins on the Authorized King James Version
Authorized King James Version
of the Bible
Bible
and revision of the Book of Common Prayer
Book of Common Prayer
. * June
June
Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–18) : Shāh Abbas I of Persia
Persia
's Safavid army captures the city of Yerevan
Yerevan
from the Ottoman Empire after a siege. At this time the Shāh begins the expulsion of Armenians
Armenians
from Jolfa to New Julfa in his capital of Isfahan
Isfahan
; more than 25,000 die during the exodus. * August 18 England
England
concludes the Treaty of London
London
with Spain, ending the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) , an intermittent conflict within the Eighty Years\' War .

July–December

* September 1 Sri
Sri
Guru Granth Sahib
Guru Granth Sahib
, the religious text of Sikhism
Sikhism
, is installed at Harmandir Sahib
Harmandir Sahib
in Amritsar
Amritsar
. * September 20 Ostend
Ostend
is captured by Spanish forces under Ambrogio Spinola after a 3-year siege . * October
October
4 – Za Dengel , Emperor of Ethiopia
Emperor of Ethiopia
, is killed in battle with the forces of Za Sellase, who restores his cousin Yaqob to the throne. * October
October
9 – The supernova which becomes known as Kepler\'s Supernova
Supernova
(SN 1604) is first observed from the northern parts of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. From October
October
17, Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
begins a year's observation of it from Prague
Prague
. There won't be another "naked-eye" supernova to be seen until 1987
1987
. As of 2017 , this is the last supernova to be observed in the Milky Way
Milky Way
. * November
November
1 – First recorded performance of William Shakespeare 's tragedy Othello
Othello
, at the Palace of Whitehall
Palace of Whitehall
in London. * December 26 (St. Stephen\'s night ) – First recorded performance of Shakespeare's tragedy King Lear
King Lear
, before King James I of England
James I of England
in the banqueting hall of Whitehall Palace
Whitehall Palace
.

Date Unknown

* The Sikh holy scripture Guru Granth Sahib
Guru Granth Sahib
is compiled and edited by Guru Arjan . * France
France
begins settling Acadia
Acadia
, first successful French North American colony . * Before 1 October
October
, Huntingdon Beaumont completes the Wollaton Wagonway
Wagonway
, built to transport coal from the mines at Strelley to Wollaton just west of Nottingham
Nottingham
, England, the world's oldest wagonway with provenance. * The Table Alphabeticall , the first known English dictionary to be organized by alphabetical ordering, is published. * First publication of Christopher Marlowe
Christopher Marlowe
's play The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus , in London. * Lancelot de Casteau 's L'Ouverture de cuisine published in Liège , including the first printed recipe for choux pastry .

Religion

* According to legend, the vault of Christian Rosenkreuz is discovered. * The Papacy is expected to fall this year by Tobias Hess and Simon Studion according to their correspondence in 1597 .

1605

This section is transcluded from 1605
1605
. (edit history )

January–June

* January
January
16 – The first part of Miguel de Cervantes
Miguel de Cervantes
' satire on the theme of chivalry , Don Quixote
Don Quixote
(El ingenioso hidalgo don Quixote de la Mancha, "The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote
Don Quixote
of La Mancha
La Mancha
"), is published in Madrid
Madrid
. One of the first significant novels in the western literary tradition, it becomes a global bestseller almost at once. * March
March
11 – A proclamation declares all people of Ireland to be the direct subjects of the British Crown
British Crown
and not of any local lord or chief. * April 1 Pope Leo XI
Pope Leo XI
succeeds Pope Clement VIII
Pope Clement VIII
as the 232nd pope as a result of the heated Papal conclave of March
March
1605
1605
. * April 13 Tsar
Tsar
Boris Godunov
Boris Godunov
dies; Feodor II accedes to the Russian throne. * April 16 – In England, John Winthrop , later governor of the future Massachusetts Bay Colony
Colony
, marries his first wife (of 4), Mary Forth, daughter of John Forth, of Great Stambridge, Essex
Essex
. * May 16 Pope Paul V succeeds Pope Leo XI
Pope Leo XI
as the 233rd pope, making this the last Year of Three Popes until 1978
1978
. He is elected as a compromise candidate after the Papal conclave of May
May
1605
1605
leads to physical assault. * June
June
1 – Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother, later executing them. * June
June
20 – Pretender Dmitriy and his supporters, including troops of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth , march to Moscow.

July–December

* July 4 – A proclamation commands all Roman Catholic seminary priests and Jesuits
Jesuits
to leave Ireland by December 10 and directs the laity to attend Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
services. * July 21 – Pretender Dmitriy is officially crowned Tsar
Tsar
Dimitriy Ioannovich of Russia in Moscow by Patriarch Ignatius . * September 27 – Swedish armies are decisively defeated by Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth cavalry in the Battle of Kircholm .

* October
October

* First publication of Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien by Johann Carolus in Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Holy Roman Empire ), generally regarded as the world's first newspaper . De Nieuwe Tijdinghen, a Dutch proto-newspaper, is also published this year. * Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon
's Of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning, Divine and Human is published in London.

* October
October
27 – Spanish troops of General Spinola occupy Wachtendonk
Wachtendonk
. Mughal Emperor
Emperor
Akbar
Akbar
the Great dies * November
November
3 – Jahangir
Jahangir
begins his 22-year reign of the Mughal Empire . * November
November
5 – Gunpowder Plot
Gunpowder Plot
: A plot to blow up the English Houses of Parliament
Parliament
is foiled when, following a tip-off, Sir Thomas Knyvet , a justice of the peace, finds Catholic plotter Guy Fawkes
Guy Fawkes
in a cellar below the Parliament
Parliament
building and orders a search of the area. 36 barrels of gunpowder are found and Fawkes is arrested for trying to kill King James I of England
James I of England
and the members who are scheduled to sit together in Parliament
Parliament
the next day.

Date Unknown

* Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
abdicates as shogun of Japan, becoming Ogosho. His son Tokugawa Hidetada
Tokugawa Hidetada
succeeds him to the office. * Habitation at Port-Royal established by France
France
under Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons , the first European colonization of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
in North America
North America
(at this time part of Acadia
Acadia
); the Gregorian calendar is adopted. * Crew of the Olive become the first English visitors to Barbados
Barbados
. * Refugee French Huguenot
Huguenot
merchants begin to settle in Dublin
Dublin
and Waterford
Waterford
. * The Priory of St. Gregory's is founded at Douai
Douai
, Flanders
Flanders
, at this time in the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
, by its first prior , John Roberts , and other exiles, thus becoming the first English Benedictine
Benedictine
house to renew conventual life after the English Reformation . More than two centuries later the community will establish Downside Abbey
Downside Abbey
back in England. * The Irish College in Paris
Irish College in Paris
is co-founded by John Lee, an Irish priest, and John de l'Escalopier, President of the Parlement
Parlement
. * Central Mexico's Amerindian population reaches one million.

1606

This section is transcluded from 1606
1606
. (edit history )

January–June

* January
January
29 – Pedro Fernandes de Queirós discovers the Pitcairn Islands . * January
January
24 – Gunpowder Plot
Gunpowder Plot
: The trial of Guy Fawkes
Guy Fawkes
and other conspirators, for plotting against Parliament
Parliament
and James I of England
James I of England
, begins. * January
January
31 – Guy Fawkes
Guy Fawkes
is executed. * February 9 Pedro Fernandes de Queirós discovers Mehetia . * February 12 Pedro Fernandes de Queirós discovers Tauere atoll . * February 26 – Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon
Willem Janszoon
makes the first confirmed sighting of Australia
Australia
by a European. * March
March
– The Duke of York 's ship Duyfken , under Captain Willem Janszoon , explores the western coast of Cape York Peninsula
Cape York Peninsula
. * March
March
19 – Ferdinando I de\' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany , in the Fortezza Vecchia Chapel of Saint Francesco, elevates Livorno
Livorno
to the rank of city. * April 10 – Charter of 1606
1606
: The First Charter of Virginia is adopted, by which King James I of England
James I of England
grants rights to the Virginia Company
Virginia Company
(comprising the London Company and Plymouth Company ) to settle parts of the east coast of North America. * April 12 – The first version of the Union Flag
Union Flag
is created, to be worn as a national flag by English and Scottish ships. * May
May
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós discovers the islands of Vanuatu
Vanuatu
; believing them to be Australia, he names them La Austrialia del Espiritu Santo. * May
May
17 – Supporters of Vasili Shuisky invade the Kremlin
Kremlin
, and kill Tsar
Tsar
Dimitri II of Russia .

July–December

* August
August
(approx.) – Possible first performance of William Shakespeare 's tragedy Macbeth
Macbeth
in London
London
. * August
August
16 – Battle of Cape Rachado : A Dutch fleet is defeated by the Portuguese . * October
October
Luís Vaz de Torres is the first European to sail through the Torres Strait
Torres Strait
. * September 20 - The trial in the gravedigging scandal of Frankenstein begins. * November
November
11 – The Peace of Zsitvatorok is signed, between the Ottoman and Holy Roman Empires . The independence of Transylvania is recognized by both sides, and Austria 's annual tribute to the Ottomans is abolished.

Date Unknown

* A storm buries the village of St Ismail near modern-day Kidwelly
Kidwelly
, Carmarthenshire , Wales
Wales
. * The Jesuit
Jesuit
Joannis Stribingius visits Latvia
Latvia
, and describes Latvian mythology . * The Evangelic Lyceum (Evanjelické lýceum), a Lutheran
Lutheran
high school is founded in Bratislava
Bratislava
. * The cryptographic text Steganographia, written by Johannes Trithemius c. 1499 , is published in Frankfurt
Frankfurt
. * Gregor Richter succeeds Martin Möller as the chief pastor of Görlitz
Görlitz
.

1607

This section is transcluded from 1607 . (edit history )

January–June

* January
January
13 – The Bank of Genoa fails, after the announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain . * January
January
19 – San Agustin Church, Manila
Manila
, is officially completed; by the 21st century it will be the oldest church in the Philippines
Philippines
. * January
January
30 – A massive wave sweeps along the Bristol Channel , possibly a tsunami , killing 2,000 people. * February 24 – Première of Claudio Monteverdi
Claudio Monteverdi
's L\'Orfeo , the earliest fully developed opera in the modern-day repertoire, at the Ducal Palace of Mantua
Mantua
. * March
March
10 – Battle of Gol in Gojjam
Gojjam
: Susenyos defeats the combined armies of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II, which makes him Emperor of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
. * April 25 – Battle of Gibraltar : A Dutch fleet destroys a Spanish fleet anchored in the Bay of Gibraltar . * April 26 – English colonists make landfall at Cape Henry , Virginia , later moving up the James River . * May
May
14 – Jamestown, Virginia
Jamestown, Virginia
, is established as the first permanent English settlement in North America
North America
(the modern-day United States), beginning the American frontier . * May 15 – Jamestown: Christopher Newport , George Percy, Gabriel Archer, and others travel 6 days exploring along the James River up to the falls and Powhatan
Powhatan
's village.

* May
May
26

* Jamestown : The president directs the fort to be strengthened and armed against the many attacks of the natives: "Hereupon the President was contented the Fort should be pallisadoed, the ordinance mounted, his men armed and exercised, for many were the assaults and Ambuscadoes of the Savages ..." * 200 armed Indians attack the Jamestown settlement, killing 2 and wounding 10.

* May
May
28 – Jamestown: The Fort is pallisadoed: "we laboured, pallozadoing our fort" . * June
June
5 – John Hall marries Susanna , daughter of William Shakespeare . * June
June
8 – Newton rebellion : The Tresham landowners family kills 40–50 peasants, during protests against the enclosure of common land in Newton, Northamptonshire , England, at the culmination of the Midland Revolt . * June
June
10 – Jamestown: Captain John Smith is released from arrest and sworn in as a member of the colony Council. * June
June
15 – Jamestown: The triangular fort is completed and armed: "The fifteenth of June
June
we had built and finished our Fort, which was triangle wise, having three Bulwarkes, at every corner, like a halfe Moone, and foure or five pieces of Artillerie mounted in them. We had made our selves sufficiently strong for these Savages. We had also sowne most of our Corne on two Mountaines." * June
June
22 – Christopher Newport sails back to England. * June
June
27 – Jamestown: The colony bears extreme toil in strengthening the fort .

July–December

* August
August
13 – The ship Gift of God of the Plymouth Company arrives at the mouth of the modern-day Kennebec River
Kennebec River
in Maine
Maine
. English colonists establish Fort St. George , also known as the Popham Colony . The settlement lasts little more than a year, before residents return to England
England
in the first oceangoing ship built in the New World , a 30-ton pinnace called The Virginia. * September 5 Hamlet
Hamlet
is performed aboard the East India Company ship Red Dragon, under the command of Capt. William Keeling , anchored off the coast of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
, the first known performance of a Shakespeare play outside England
England
in English, and the first by amateurs. * September 10 – Jamestown President Edward Maria Wingfield is deposed, and John Ratcliffe elected. * September 14 Flight of the Earls
Flight of the Earls
: Hugh O\'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone , and Rudhraighe Ó Domhnail, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell , flee Ireland for Spain with 90 followers, to avoid capture by the English crown, never to return. * December (early) – Captain John Smith of the Jamestown Colony
Colony
is captured by Opchancanough, and then sent to Chief Powhatan
Powhatan
for execution; Pocahontas
Pocahontas
rescues him.

Date Unknown

* Spain is effectively bankrupt . * The rule of Andorra
Andorra
passes jointly to the king of France
France
, and the Bishop
Bishop
of Urgell . * In the Midland Revolt against Enclosures in England, the term Levellers
Levellers
is first used. * Missionary Juan Fonte establishes the first Jesuit
Jesuit
mission among the Tarahumara
Tarahumara
, in the Sierra Madre Mountains of Northwest Mexico.

1608

This section is transcluded from 1608 . (edit history ) July
July
3 : Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain
founds Quebec City
Quebec City
.

January–June

* January
January

* At Jamestown, Virginia
Jamestown, Virginia
, Christopher Newport returns in a ship with the First Supply and about 100 new settlers; he finds only 38 survivors. * Powhatan
Powhatan
releases Captain John Smith .

* January
January
7 – Fire destroys "all the houses in the fort" at Jamestown; the fort is repaired in March. * January
January
8 – Ensign Thomas Savage arrives in Jamestown, with the First Supply under Christopher Newport. * January
January
17 – Emperor
Emperor
Susenyos I of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
defeats an Oromo army at Ebenat ; 12,000 Oromo are reportedly killed at a cost of 400 Amhara . * March
March
18 – Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia
Emperor of Ethiopia
, at the ancient city of Axum
Axum
. * April 10 – Jamestown, Virginia: Christopher Newport again sails for England. * April 19 – The Burning of Derry
Burning of Derry
launches O\'Doherty\'s Rebellion , in the Kingdom of Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland
. * May
May
14 – The Protestant Union is founded in Auhausen .

July–December

* July 3 Quebec City
Quebec City
is founded by Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain
. * July
July
– The English ship Mary and Margaret, captained by Christopher Newport, leaves England
England
, bound for Jamestown, Virginia
Jamestown, Virginia
. * August
August
24 – The first official English representative to India, Captain William Hawkins, lands at Surat . * September 10 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, and begins expanding the fort. * September 21 – The University of Oviedo
University of Oviedo
, Spain is founded. * October
October
1 – At Jamestown , a second supply ship, the Mary and Margaret, arrives with Christopher Newport, including 70 settlers, bringing the population back up to 120; the passengers include 8 glassmen. * October
October
2 – Dutch lens maker Hans Lippershey
Hans Lippershey
demonstrates the first telescope in the Dutch Parliament
Parliament
. * December – Jamestown : Christopher Newport returns to England carrying cargo with "tryals of Pitch, Tarre, Glasse, Frankincense, Sope Ashes ..."

Date Unknown

* The first cheques are used in the Netherlands . * Old Bushmills Distillery is founded in Bushmills , County Antrim
County Antrim
, Ireland. * The Uniform Land-Tax Law is imposed in Korea
Korea
. * Five royal schools in Ulster
Ulster
are given Royal Charter
Royal Charter
, by King James I.

1609

This section is transcluded from 1609 . (edit history )

January–June

* January
January
– The Basque witch trials
Basque witch trials
begin. * January
January
15 – One of the world's first newspapers , Avisa Relation oder Zeitung , begins publication in Wolfenbüttel (Holy Roman Empire ). * January
January
31 – The Bank of Amsterdam
Amsterdam
is established. * February 4 – The last day of Keichō
Keichō
慶長 13 (according to the Japanese lunar calendar ). * March
March
Hugo Grotius
Hugo Grotius
publishes Mare Liberum , his legal text on freedom of the seas , in Leiden
Leiden
.

* April 4

* King Philip III of Spain
Philip III of Spain
signs an edict to expel of all Moriscos from his country (see September 11 ). * English explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
, in the service of the Dutch East India Company , sets out from Amsterdam
Amsterdam
in the Halve Maen .

* April 5 Invasion of Ryukyu in Japan: Soldiers of the Shimazu clan capture the castle on Ryukyu Island , beginning to make the Ryukyu Kingdom
Ryukyu Kingdom
a vassal of Satsuma Han . * April 9 – By the Treaty of Antwerp the Netherlands and Spain agree to the Twelve Years\' Truce (1609– 1621 ) in the Eighty Years\' War , allowing the Dutch East India Company
East India Company
to trade within the Spanish Empire. * May
May
20 – London
London
publisher Thomas Thorpe issues Shake-speares Sonnets , with a dedication to "Mr. W.H.", and the poem A Lover\'s Complaint appended; it is uncertain whether this publication has Shakespeare 's authority. * May
May
23 – The Second Virginia Charter is officially ratified; it is intended to replace the council with a governor, who has absolute control in the colony.

July–December

* July
July
Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain
claims the Lake Champlain
Lake Champlain
area of Vermont
Vermont
, for the Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
. * July
July
6 – Bohemia
Bohemia
is granted freedom of religion (Letter of Majesty ). * July
July
10 – The German Catholic League is formed to counteract the Protestant Union . * July
July
23 – A hurricane at sea separates the 9 London Company 's ships (600 more settlers) en route to relieve the Jamestown settlement; one ship sinks, and the Sea Venture is driven ashore at Bermuda
Bermuda
on July 25 , thus effectively first settling the colony. * July
July
30 – At what is now Crown Point, New York , Samuel de Champlain participates in a battle between the Huron and Iroquois
Iroquois
, shooting and killing two Iroquois
Iroquois
chiefs ; this helps set the tone for French– Iroquois
Iroquois
relations for the next 100 years. * August
August
25 – Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian officials. * August
August
28 – Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
is the first European to see Delaware Bay . * August
August
– Seven ships arrive at the colony of Jamestown, Virginia , with 200–300 men, women, and children, reporting the Sea Venture wrecked near Bermuda
Bermuda
. * September 2 Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
enters New York Bay , aboard the Halve Maen . * September 10 – Jamestown : Capt. George Percy replaces Captain John Smith as president of the Council, and Smith returns to England
England
. * September 11 – Valencia expels all the Moriscos (see April 4 ). * September 11 –12 – Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
in the Halve Maen sails into Upper New York Bay , and begins a journey up the Hudson River
Hudson River
. * October
October
12 – A version of the rhyme " Three Blind Mice
Three Blind Mice
" is published in London. The editor, and possible author of the verse, is the teenage Thomas Ravenscroft
Thomas Ravenscroft
.

Date Unknown

* The Dutch East India Company
East India Company
imports tea to Europe. * The Dutch East India Company
East India Company
establishes a trading post in Hirado , Japan. * Warsaw
Warsaw
becomes the capital of Poland . * The municipality of Buenavista in Marinduque
Marinduque
, Philippines
Philippines
is founded. * The Statutes of Iona are passed, marking the end of the bloody feuds between the clans in the Scottish Highlands
Scottish Highlands
. * The Douay–Rheims Bible
Bible
Old Testament
Old Testament
translation from the Vulgate
Vulgate
into English vol. 1 is published in Reims
Reims
. * English-born Sister Mary Ward founds the Sisters of Loreto
Sisters of Loreto
at Saint-Omer
Saint-Omer
, at this time in the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
. * Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
publishes his first two laws of planetary motion in Astronomia nova . * Cornelis Drebbel
Cornelis Drebbel
invents the thermostat .

SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE

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BIRTHS

*

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DEATHS

*

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REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 166–168. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2 . * ^ Edwards, Phillip, ed. (1985). Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. New Cambridge Shakespeare. Cambridge University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-521-29366-9 . Any dating of Hamlet
Hamlet
must be tentative. Scholars date its writing as between 1599 and 1601. * ^ Shakespeare, William (2001). Smith, Bruce R., ed. Twelfth Night: Texts and Contexts. Boston, Mass: Bedford/St Martin's. p. 2. ISBN 0-312-20219-9 . * ^ A B C D Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0 . * ^ Des Sauvages: ou voyage de Samuel Champlain, de Brouages, faite en la France
France
nouvelle l'an 1603. * ^ Jose Eugenio Borae. "The massacre of 1603: Chinese perception of the Spaniards in the Philippines" (PDF). Homepage.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2016-01-09. * ^ Asimov, Isaac . Asimov\'s Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (2nd ed.). * ^ "SN 1604, Kepler\'s Supernova". Archived from the original on January
January
31, 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-22. * ^ "Three Great Eyes on Kepler\'s Supernova
Supernova
Remnant". NASA
NASA
. Archived from the original on