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1600
1600
was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1600th year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 600th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 16th century, and the 1st year of the 1600s decade. As of the start of 1600, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. Events[edit] January–June[edit]

January 1 – Scotland adopts January 1 as New Year's Day
New Year's Day
instead of March 25. January

Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, renews the Nine Years' War (Ireland) against England with an invasion of Munster.[1] Sebald de Weert
Sebald de Weert
makes the first definite sighting of the Falkland Islands.

February 17 Giordano Bruno
Giordano Bruno
is burned at the stake for heresy in Rome. February 19 Huaynaputina
Huaynaputina
volcano in Peru
Peru
undergoes a catastrophic eruption, the worst to be recorded in South America. March 20 – Linköping Bloodbath: Five Swedish nobles are publicly executed by decapitation and Polish–Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is de facto deposed as ruler of Sweden. April 19 - The first Dutch ship ever to arrive in Japan, the Liefde ("Love"), anchors in Sashifu, in the Bungo area (modern-day Usuki in Oita Prefecture).

July–December[edit]

July 2 Eighty Years' War
Eighty Years' War
(Dutch War of Independence): Battle of Nieuwpoort – The Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
gains a tactical victory over the Spanish Empire.[2] July – Martin Möller is appointed chief pastor of Görlitz. August 5 – The brothers Alexander Ruthven and John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, are killed during a failed attempt to kidnap or murder King James VI of Scotland at their home. Autumn

Thessaly rebellion: Greeks in Thessaly, incited by Bishop Dionysios Skylosophos, attempt to rebel against the Ottoman Empire. A Persian embassy arrives in Prague
Prague
and meets with Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor.

October 6 – Première of Jacopo Peri's Euridice, the earliest known fully surviving work of modern opera, produced by Emilio de' Cavalieri for the wedding of Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France
and Maria de' Medici
Maria de' Medici
in Florence. October 21 Battle of Sekigahara
Battle of Sekigahara
in Japan: Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
gains nominal control over the whole country. December 31 – The East India Company
East India Company
is granted a Royal Charter
Royal Charter
in the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
for trade with Asia.

Date unknown[edit]

Approximate date – The Lutheran orthodox campaign intensifies, to reinforce the Book of Concord. Caister Castle
Caister Castle
in England falls into ruin. Sumo
Sumo
wrestling becomes a professional sport in Japan. William Shakespeare's plays Henry IV, Part 2, Henry V, The Merchant of Venice, A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream
and Much Ado About Nothing
Much Ado About Nothing
are published in London.[1] William Gilbert publishes De Magnete, one of the first significant scientific books published in England, describing the Earth's magnetic field, and the beginning of modern geomagnetism. Fabritio Caroso's dance manual Nobiltà de dame is published.

Births[edit]

John Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Weimar

Charles I of England

January–March[edit]

January 1 – Friedrich Spanheim, Calvinistic theology professor at the University of Leiden (d. 1649) January
January
17 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright (d. 1681) January
January
22 – Elisabet Juliana Banér, Swedish noble (d. 1640) January
January
23 – Alexander Keirincx, Flemish painter (d. 1652) January
January
28 – Pope Clement IX
Pope Clement IX
(d. 1669) February
February
– Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian (d. 1666) February
February
1 – Johan Evertsen, Dutch admiral (d. 1666) February
February
2 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653) February
February
6 – Matthew Brend, English landowner (d. 1659) February
February
9 – Jean-Joseph Surin, French Jesuit writer (d. 1665) February
February
24 – Manuel António of Portugal, Dutch-Portuguese nobleman (d. 1666) February
February
26 – Matsudaira Norinaga, Japanese daimyo (d. 1654) March 3

George Ghica, Prince of Wallachia
Wallachia
(d. 1664) Robert Roberthin, German poet (d. 1648)

March 19 – Anders Bille, Danish general (d. 1657) March 26 – Matthew Marvin, Sr., Connecticut settler (d. 1678)

April–June[edit]

April 11 – Jacques Buteux, French missionary (d. 1652) April 13 – Duke Johann Wilhelm of Saxe-Altenburg, colonel in the Saxon Army (d. 1632) April 22 – Alessandro dal Borro, Austrian Field Marshal (d. 1656) May 25 – Thomas Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Haddington, Scottish noble (d. 1640) May 31 Empress Xiaoduanwen of the Qing Dynasty (d. 1649) June 26 – Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, Spanish politician, clergyman (d. 1659) June 29 – Maria Maddalena de' Medici, Italian princess (d. 1633)

July–September[edit]

Eleonore Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg

July 1 – George Gobat, French theologian (d. 1679) July 15 – Jan Cossiers, Flemish painter (d. 1671) July 20 – Sir Edward Acton, 1st Baronet, Sheriff of Shropshire (d. 1659) July 22

Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1657) Michel de Marolles, French translator and churchman (d. 1681)

August 7 – Eleonore Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg, Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (d. 1657) August 16 – Maria Celeste, Italian nun, daughter of Galileo Galilei (d. 1634) August 24 – Antoine de Laloubère, French Jesuit mathematician (d. 1664) August 29 – John Stawell, English Member of Parliament and governor of Taunton
Taunton
(d. 1662) September 5 – Loreto Vittori, Italian singer and composer (d. 1670) September 19

Hermann Busenbaum, German Jesuit theologian (d. 1668) John Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
John Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
(d. 1628)

September 29 – Sir Thomas Aston, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1645) September 30 – Francis Bacon, English politician and Ipswich MP (d. 1663)

October–December[edit]

October 1 – Dirk Graswinckel, Dutch jurist (d. 1666) October 2 – Petronio Veroni, Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
prelate, Bishop of Boiano (1652–1653) (d. 1653) October 4 – Giovanni Paolo Oliva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1681) November
November
– John Ogilby, English writer and cartographer (d. 1676) November
November
15 – Aniello Falcone, Italian Baroque painter (d. 1665) November
November
19

Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (d. 1669) Charles I of England
Charles I of England
(d. 1649)

December 12 – Denis of the Nativity, French sailor and cartographer (d. 1638) December 14 – Anna Magdalene of Hanau, German countess (d. 1673) December 15 – Selius Marselis, Dutch/Norwegian tradesman (d. 1663) December 20 – Nicolas Sanson, French cartographer (d. 1667) December
December
– Marie de Rohan, French courtier and political activist (d. 1679)

Date unknown[edit]

Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French poet and novelist (d. 1674) Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet, English Royalist leader (d. 1658) Peter Heylin, English ecclesiastical writer (d. 1662) Claude Lorrain, French Baroque painter, draughtsman and engraver (d. 1682) Anna Alojza Ostrogska, Polish noblewoman (d. 1654) William Prynne, English Puritan politician (d. 1669) Brian Walton, English divine and scholar (d. 1661) Martine Bertereau, French mineralogist

Probable[edit]

Jonas Bronck, Swedish colonist in America (d. 1643) Dud Dudley, first Englishman to smelt iron ore with coke (d. 1684) Piaras Feiritéar, Irish language poet (d. 1653) Samuel Hartlib, British scholar (d. 1662) Samuel Rutherford, Scottish theologian and controversialist (d. 1660)

Deaths[edit]

Sebastian de Aparicio

Sebastiano Montelupi

Shima Sakon

Richard Hooker

Margrave Andrew of Burgau

January–March[edit]

January
January
9 – John Spencer, English landowner and politician (b. 1549) January
January
21 – Jerzy Radziwiłł, Polish–Lithuanian nobleman (szlachcic) from the Radziwiłł family (b. 1556) February
February
9 – John Frederick, Duke of Pomerania, Protestant Bishop of Cammin (1567–1574) and ruling Duke of Pomerania (1569–1600) (b. 1542) February
February
15 – José de Acosta, Spanish Jesuit missionary and naturalist (b. 1540) February 17 – Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher (burned at the stake) (b. 1548) February
February
25 – Sebastian de Aparicio, Spanish colonial industrialist, Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
priest and blessed in Mexico (b. 1502) February
February
29 – Caspar Hennenberger, German historian and cartographe (b. 1529) March 6 – Johann Major, German poet and theologian (b. 1533) March 20 – Gustaf Banér, Swedish noble (b. 1547) April – Thomas Deloney, English writer (b. 1543)

April–June[edit]

May 17 – Thomas Leighton, English politician (b. 1554) May 18

Nicolaus Olai Bothniensis, Swedish archbishop (b. 1550) Fulvio Orsini, Italian humanist, historian and archaeologist (b. 1529)

May 19 – Abe Masakatsu, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541) June 3 – Juan Grande Román, Spanish Catholic saint (b. 1546) June 8 – Edward Fortunatus, German nobleman (b. 1565) June 25 – David Chytraeus, German historian and theologian (b. 1530) June 19 – Christopher Layer, English politician (b. 1531)

July–September[edit]

July 5 – Jean Kincaid, Scottish murderer (b. 1579) July 7 – Thomas Lucy, English politician (b. 1532) July 20 – William More, English courtier (b. 1520) July 27 – John Glanville, English politician (b. 1542) August 5

Alexander Ruthven, Scottish earl (b. 1580) John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, Scottish conspirator (b. 1577) Queen Uiin, Korean royal consort (b. 1555)

August 18 – Sebastiano Montelupi, Italian businessman (b. 1516) August 22 – Nicasius de Sille, Dutch diplomat (b. 1543) August 25 – Hosokawa Gracia, Japanese noblewoman (b. 1563) August 27 – Mizuno Tadashige, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541) September 1 – Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (b. 1525) September 25 – Antoine du Verdier, French politician (b. 1544) September 26 – Claude Le Jeune, French composer (b. 1530)

October–December[edit]

October 12
October 12
– Luis de Molina, Spanish Jesuit priest and philosopher (b. 1535) October 16 – Nicolaus Reimers, German astronomer (b. 1551) October 17 – Cornelis de Jode, Flemish cartographer, engraver and publisher (b. 1568) October 21

Toda Katsushige, Japanese warlord (b. 1557) Shima Sakon, Japanese samurai (b. 1540) Shimazu Toyohisa, Japanese samurai (b. 1570) Ōtani Yoshitsugu, Japanese samurai (b. 1558)

November
November
3 – Richard Hooker, Anglican theologian (b. 1554) November
November
6

Ishida Mitsunari, Japanese feudal lord (decapitated) (b. 1560) Konishi Yukinaga, Japanese Christian warlord (b. 1555)

November
November
8 – Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562) November
November
12 – Margrave Andrew of Burgau, German nobleman, Cardinal, Bishop of Constance and Brixen (b. 1558) November
November
15 – Sigmund Fugger von Kirchberg und Weißenhorn, bishop of Regensburg (b. 1542) November
November
17 – Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542) November
November
25 – Juan Téllez-Girón, 2nd Duke of Osuna, Spanish duke (b. 1559) December
December
3 – Roger North, 2nd Baron North, English politician (b. 1530) December
December
16 – Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1569–1600) (b. 1560)

References[edit]

Spielvogel, Jackson J. Western Civilization. Volume II: Since 1500 (5th ed.). p. 401. 

^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 238–243. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.  ^ "Historical Events for Year 1600
1600
OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com. Retrieved

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