1600 was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian
calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian
calendar, the 1600th year of the
Common Era (CE) and
Anno Domini (AD)
designations, the 600th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and
last year of the 16th century, and the 1st year of the 1600s
decade. As of the start of 1600, the
Gregorian calendar was 10 days
ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until
January 1 – Scotland adopts
January 1 as
New Year's Day
New Year's Day instead of
Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, renews the Nine Years' War (Ireland)
against England with an invasion of Munster.
Sebald de Weert
Sebald de Weert makes the first definite sighting of the Falkland
February 17 –
Giordano Bruno is burned at the stake for heresy in
February 19 –
Huaynaputina volcano in
Peru undergoes a catastrophic
eruption, the worst to be recorded in South America.
March 20 – Linköping Bloodbath: Five Swedish nobles are publicly
executed by decapitation and Polish–Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa
is de facto deposed as ruler of Sweden.
April 19 - The first Dutch ship ever to arrive in Japan, the Liefde
("Love"), anchors in Sashifu, in the Bungo area (modern-day Usuki in
July 2 –
Eighty Years' War
Eighty Years' War (Dutch War of Independence): Battle of
Nieuwpoort – The
Dutch Republic gains a tactical victory over the
July – Martin Möller is appointed chief pastor of Görlitz.
August 5 – The brothers
Alexander Ruthven and John Ruthven, 3rd Earl
of Gowrie, are killed during a failed attempt to kidnap or murder King
James VI of Scotland at their home.
Thessaly rebellion: Greeks in Thessaly, incited by Bishop Dionysios
Skylosophos, attempt to rebel against the Ottoman Empire.
A Persian embassy arrives in
Prague and meets with Rudolf II, Holy
October 6 – Première of Jacopo Peri's Euridice, the earliest known
fully surviving work of modern opera, produced by Emilio de' Cavalieri
for the wedding of
Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France and
Maria de' Medici
Maria de' Medici in
October 21 –
Battle of Sekigahara
Battle of Sekigahara in Japan:
Tokugawa Ieyasu gains
nominal control over the whole country.
December 31 – The
East India Company
East India Company is granted a
Royal Charter in
Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England for trade with Asia.
Approximate date – The Lutheran orthodox campaign intensifies, to
reinforce the Book of Concord.
Caister Castle in England falls into ruin.
Sumo wrestling becomes a professional sport in Japan.
William Shakespeare's plays Henry IV, Part 2, Henry V, The Merchant of
A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream and
Much Ado About Nothing
Much Ado About Nothing are
published in London.
William Gilbert publishes De Magnete, one of the first significant
scientific books published in England, describing the Earth's magnetic
field, and the beginning of modern geomagnetism.
Fabritio Caroso's dance manual Nobiltà de dame is published.
John Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Charles I of England
January 1 – Friedrich Spanheim, Calvinistic theology professor at
the University of Leiden (d. 1649)
January 17 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright (d.
January 22 – Elisabet Juliana Banér, Swedish noble (d. 1640)
January 23 – Alexander Keirincx, Flemish painter (d. 1652)
January 28 –
Pope Clement IX
Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
February – Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian (d. 1666)
February 1 – Johan Evertsen, Dutch admiral (d. 1666)
February 2 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
February 6 – Matthew Brend, English landowner (d. 1659)
February 9 – Jean-Joseph Surin, French Jesuit writer (d. 1665)
February 24 – Manuel António of Portugal, Dutch-Portuguese nobleman
February 26 – Matsudaira Norinaga, Japanese daimyo (d. 1654)
George Ghica, Prince of
Wallachia (d. 1664)
Robert Roberthin, German poet (d. 1648)
March 19 – Anders Bille, Danish general (d. 1657)
March 26 – Matthew Marvin, Sr., Connecticut settler (d. 1678)
April 11 – Jacques Buteux, French missionary (d. 1652)
April 13 – Duke Johann Wilhelm of Saxe-Altenburg, colonel in the
Saxon Army (d. 1632)
April 22 – Alessandro dal Borro, Austrian Field Marshal (d. 1656)
May 25 – Thomas Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Haddington, Scottish noble (d.
May 31 –
Empress Xiaoduanwen of the Qing Dynasty (d. 1649)
June 26 – Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, Spanish politician, clergyman
June 29 – Maria Maddalena de' Medici, Italian princess (d. 1633)
Eleonore Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg
July 1 – George Gobat, French theologian (d. 1679)
July 15 – Jan Cossiers, Flemish painter (d. 1671)
July 20 – Sir Edward Acton, 1st Baronet, Sheriff of Shropshire (d.
Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1657)
Michel de Marolles, French translator and churchman (d. 1681)
August 7 – Eleonore Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg, Duchess consort of
Mecklenburg-Güstrow (d. 1657)
August 16 – Maria Celeste, Italian nun, daughter of Galileo Galilei
August 24 – Antoine de Laloubère, French Jesuit mathematician (d.
August 29 – John Stawell, English Member of Parliament and governor
Taunton (d. 1662)
September 5 – Loreto Vittori, Italian singer and composer (d. 1670)
Hermann Busenbaum, German Jesuit theologian (d. 1668)
John Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
John Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (d. 1628)
September 29 – Sir Thomas Aston, 1st Baronet, English politician (d.
September 30 – Francis Bacon, English politician and Ipswich MP (d.
October 1 – Dirk Graswinckel, Dutch jurist (d. 1666)
October 2 – Petronio Veroni,
Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of
Boiano (1652–1653) (d. 1653)
October 4 – Giovanni Paolo Oliva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1681)
November – John Ogilby, English writer and cartographer (d. 1676)
November 15 – Aniello Falcone, Italian Baroque painter (d. 1665)
Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (d. 1669)
Charles I of England
Charles I of England (d. 1649)
December 12 – Denis of the Nativity, French sailor and cartographer
December 14 – Anna Magdalene of Hanau, German countess (d. 1673)
December 15 – Selius Marselis, Dutch/Norwegian tradesman (d. 1663)
December 20 – Nicolas Sanson, French cartographer (d. 1667)
December – Marie de Rohan, French courtier and political activist
Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French poet and novelist (d. 1674)
Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet, English Royalist leader (d. 1658)
Peter Heylin, English ecclesiastical writer (d. 1662)
Claude Lorrain, French Baroque painter, draughtsman and engraver (d.
Anna Alojza Ostrogska, Polish noblewoman (d. 1654)
William Prynne, English Puritan politician (d. 1669)
Brian Walton, English divine and scholar (d. 1661)
Martine Bertereau, French mineralogist
Jonas Bronck, Swedish colonist in America (d. 1643)
Dud Dudley, first Englishman to smelt iron ore with coke (d. 1684)
Piaras Feiritéar, Irish language poet (d. 1653)
Samuel Hartlib, British scholar (d. 1662)
Samuel Rutherford, Scottish theologian and controversialist (d. 1660)
Sebastian de Aparicio
Margrave Andrew of Burgau
January 9 – John Spencer, English landowner and politician (b. 1549)
January 21 – Jerzy Radziwiłł, Polish–Lithuanian nobleman
(szlachcic) from the Radziwiłł family (b. 1556)
February 9 – John Frederick, Duke of Pomerania, Protestant Bishop of
Cammin (1567–1574) and ruling Duke of Pomerania (1569–1600) (b.
February 15 – José de Acosta, Spanish Jesuit missionary and
naturalist (b. 1540)
February 17 – Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher (burned at the
stake) (b. 1548)
February 25 – Sebastian de Aparicio, Spanish colonial industrialist,
Roman Catholic priest and blessed in Mexico (b. 1502)
February 29 – Caspar Hennenberger, German historian and cartographe
March 6 – Johann Major, German poet and theologian (b. 1533)
March 20 – Gustaf Banér, Swedish noble (b. 1547)
April – Thomas Deloney, English writer (b. 1543)
May 17 – Thomas Leighton, English politician (b. 1554)
Nicolaus Olai Bothniensis, Swedish archbishop (b. 1550)
Fulvio Orsini, Italian humanist, historian and archaeologist (b. 1529)
May 19 – Abe Masakatsu, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541)
June 3 – Juan Grande Román, Spanish Catholic saint (b. 1546)
June 8 – Edward Fortunatus, German nobleman (b. 1565)
June 25 – David Chytraeus, German historian and theologian (b. 1530)
June 19 – Christopher Layer, English politician (b. 1531)
July 5 – Jean Kincaid, Scottish murderer (b. 1579)
July 7 – Thomas Lucy, English politician (b. 1532)
July 20 – William More, English courtier (b. 1520)
July 27 – John Glanville, English politician (b. 1542)
Alexander Ruthven, Scottish earl (b. 1580)
John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, Scottish conspirator (b. 1577)
Queen Uiin, Korean royal consort (b. 1555)
August 18 – Sebastiano Montelupi, Italian businessman (b. 1516)
August 22 – Nicasius de Sille, Dutch diplomat (b. 1543)
August 25 – Hosokawa Gracia, Japanese noblewoman (b. 1563)
August 27 – Mizuno Tadashige, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541)
September 1 – Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (b.
September 25 – Antoine du Verdier, French politician (b. 1544)
September 26 – Claude Le Jeune, French composer (b. 1530)
October 12 – Luis de Molina, Spanish Jesuit priest and philosopher
October 16 – Nicolaus Reimers, German astronomer (b. 1551)
October 17 – Cornelis de Jode, Flemish cartographer, engraver and
publisher (b. 1568)
Toda Katsushige, Japanese warlord (b. 1557)
Shima Sakon, Japanese samurai (b. 1540)
Shimazu Toyohisa, Japanese samurai (b. 1570)
Ōtani Yoshitsugu, Japanese samurai (b. 1558)
November 3 – Richard Hooker, Anglican theologian (b. 1554)
Ishida Mitsunari, Japanese feudal lord (decapitated) (b. 1560)
Konishi Yukinaga, Japanese Christian warlord (b. 1555)
November 8 – Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
November 12 – Margrave Andrew of Burgau, German nobleman, Cardinal,
Bishop of Constance and Brixen (b. 1558)
November 15 – Sigmund Fugger von Kirchberg und Weißenhorn, bishop
of Regensburg (b. 1542)
November 17 – Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
November 25 – Juan Téllez-Girón, 2nd Duke of Osuna, Spanish duke
December 3 – Roger North, 2nd Baron North, English politician (b.
December 16 – Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
(1569–1600) (b. 1560)
Spielvogel, Jackson J. Western Civilization. Volume II: Since 1500
(5th ed.). p. 401.
^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History.
London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 238–243.
^ "Historical Events for Year
1600 OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com.