1592 (MDXCII ) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian
calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of
Julian calendar , the 1592nd year of the
Common Era (CE) and Anno
Domini (AD) designations, the 592nd year of the
2nd millennium , the
92nd year of the
16th century , and the 3rd year of the
As of the start of 1592, the
Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of
the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
* 1 Events
* 1.1 January–June
* 1.2 July–December
* 1.3 Date unknown
* 2 Births
* 2.1 January–June
* 2.2 July–December
* 2.3 Date unknown
* 2.4 Probable
* 3 Deaths
* 4 References
January 30 –
Pope Clement VIII
Pope Clement VIII (born Ippolito Aldobrandini)
Pope Innocent IX , who died one month earlier, as the 231st
February 7 –
George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly , sets fire
Donibristle Castle in Scotland, and murders James Stewart, 2nd Earl
of Moray .
March 3 –
Trinity College, Dublin
Trinity College, Dublin , Ireland's oldest university,
March 14 – Ultimate
Pi Day : the largest correspondence between
calendar dates and significant digits of pi , since the introduction
Julian calendar .
April 4 – The future
Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France , King designate of
Henry III of France
Henry III of France , announces in a declaration, so-called
"Expedient," his intention to take instruction in, and convert to, the
Catholic religion .
April 13 – The
Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) begin,
Siege of Busanjin .
April 24 – Battle of Sangju : The Japanese are victorious over
the Koreans (
April 28 – Battle of Ch\'ungju : Japan inflicts a decisive
defeat on Korea.
May 7 –
Battle of Okpo : The Korean navy is victorious over
May 29 – Battle of Sacheon : Korean admiral
Yi Sun-sin destroys
all 13 Japanese ships taking part, using his improved turtle ship for
the first time in battle.
June 2 –
Battle of Dangpo :The Korean navy is again victorious
June 10 -
June 19 – Siege of Bihać in the Kingdom of Croatia ,
by Hasan Pasha Predojević of the
Ottoman Empire . Bihać is captured
and lost for Croatia forever.
July 8 –
Battle of Hansan Island : Korean admiral Yi Sun-sin
destroys or captures around 60 Japanese ships without loss, in a
battle in which around 190 ships take part.
July 20 – The Japanese capture the Korean capital
causing Seonjo to request the assistance of
Ming Dynasty Chinese
forces, who recapture the city a year later.
July 30 –
Alonso de Sotomayor petitions the viceroy of
more troops, to help resist attacks by Indians and English pirates.
August 9 – English explorer John Davis , commander of the Desire
, probably discovers the
Falkland Islands .
August 14 –
Battle of Hansan Island : The Korean navy defeats
August 15 (or 19) – The great Portuguese carrack, Madre De Deus
, captured in a fierce battle in the Azores, enters Dartmouth harbour
7 September , and is then subjected to mass theft.
September 1 – Battle of Busan : The Korean fleet makes a
surprise attack on the Japanese, but fails to break their supply lines
October 5 – Siege of Jinju : The Korean navy is victorious over
November 17 – John III is succeeded by his son Sigismund , as
King of Sweden .
Collegium Melitense is founded by Bishop Garagallo.
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley , chief adviser of Queen
Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England , is taken seriously ill.
* Negotiations begin, for the dissolution of the childless marriage
Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France and
Marguerite of Valois .
* The Confucian shrine of
Munmyo is destroyed by fire.
Shah Jahan born on January 15 Sir John Eliot born
Francis Quarles born on
May 8 Emperor Hong
Taiji born on
January 5 –
Shah Jahan , 5th Mughal Emperor of India from 1628
to 1658 (d.
Philippe Alegambe , Belgian Jesuit priest and bibliographer (d.
Pierre Gassendi , French philosopher and scientist (d. 1655)
February 5 –
Vincenzo della Greca , Italian architect (d. 1661)
February 22 –
Nicholas Ferrar , Slovenian trader (d. 1637)
February 23 –
Balthazar Gerbier , Dutch painter (d. 1663)
March 20 –
Giovanni da San Giovanni
Giovanni da San Giovanni , Italian painter (d. 1636)
March 28 –
Comenius , Czech teacher and writer (d. 1670)
April 4 –
Abraham Elzevir , Dutch printer (d. 1652)
April 9 –
Jiří Třanovský , Czech priest and musician (d.
April 11 – John Eliot , Member of Parliament, Statesman,
Vice-Admiral of Devon (d. 1632)
April 15 –
Francesco Maria Brancaccio , Catholic cardinal (d.
April 22 –
Wilhelm Schickard , German inventor (d. 1635)
Marcos Ramírez de Prado y Ovando , Roman Catholic prelate who
served as Archbishop of Mexico (d. 1667)
Sir John Trelawny, 1st Baronet , British baronet (d. 1664)
May 8 –
Francis Quarles , English poet most famous for his
Emblem book aptly entitled Emblems (d. 1644)
May 14 –
Alice Barnham , wife of English scientific philosopher
and statesman Francis Bacon (d. 1650)
June 7 –
Balthasar Cordier , Belgian Jesuit exegete, editor (d.
June 9 –
Jean de Brisacier , French Jesuit (d. 1668)
Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg , German noblewoman (d. 1642)
Tobias Michael , German composer and cantor (d. 1657)
July 10 – Pierre d\'Hozier , French historian (d. 1660)
July 20 –
Johan Björnsson Printz , governor of
New Sweden (d.
August 1 –
François le Métel de Boisrobert , French poet (d.
August 7 –
Arnauld de Oihenart , Basque historian and poet (d.
August 11 –
Carlo de Tocco , Italian nobleman (d. 1674)
August 13 –
William of Nassau-Hilchenbach , German count (d.
August 16 –
Wybrand de Geest , Dutch painter (d. 1661)
August 28 –
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham , English
statesman (d. 1628)
August 29 –
Sir Benjamin Ayloffe, 2nd Baronet , English
politician (d. 1662)
September 1 –
Maria Angela Astorch , Spanish mystic and saint
September 5 –
Jacopo Vignali , Italian painter (d. 1664)
September 15 –
Giovanni Battista Rinuccini , archbishop of Fermo
September 18 –
Jean Guyon , French colonist (d. 1663)
September 20 –
Nicholas Stoughton , English politician (d. 1648)
September 21 –
Nathaniel Foote , American colonist (d. 1644)
September 24 –
Christopher Wandesford , English administrator
and politician (d. 1640)
September 25 –
Herman Krefting , Norwegian businessman (d. 1651)
October 7 –
Henry Wenceslaus, Duke of Oels-Bernstadt , Duke of
Bernstadt (1617–1639) (d. 1639)
October 13 –
Christian Gueintz , German teacher and
writer-grammarian (d. 1650)
October 22 –
Gustav Horn, Count of Pori , Swedish/Finnish
soldier and politician (d. 1657)
October 30 –
Giulio Benso , Italian painter (d. 1668)
Gerard van Honthorst
Gerard van Honthorst , Dutch painter (d. 1656)
Albrecht von Kalckstein , German noble (d. 1667)
November 5 –
Charles Chauncy , English-born president of
Harvard College (d. 1671)
November 13 –
Antonio Grassi , Italian priest and blessed (d.
November 28 –
Hong Taiji , Emperor of China (d. 1643)
December 5 – Thomas Bennet , successful civil lawyer (d. 1670)
December 6 –
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle (d. 1676)
December 9 –
Krzysztof Arciszewski , Polish-Lithuanian noble (d.
December 29 –
Johannes Matthiae Gothus , Swedish academic (d.
Catalina de Erauso , Spanish-Mexican nun and soldier (d. 1650)
Richard Bellingham , American colonial magistrate (d. 1672)
John Hacket , English churchman (d. 1670)
Angélique Paulet , French salonnière, singer, musician and
Ingen , Chinese
Zen Buddhist poet, calligrapher (d. 1673)
* John Jenkins , English mathematician (d. 1678)
* John Oldham , early English settler in Massachusetts (d. 1636)
Walatta Petros , saint in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Sara Copia Sullam , Italian poet and writer (d. 1641)
Étienne Brûlé , French explorer in Canada (d. 1632)
Paschal Baylon died on May 17,
1592 King John III
of Sweden died on November 17,
January 5 –
William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg , German
January 22 –
Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France (b.
January 27 –
Gian Paolo Lomazzo , Italian painter (b.
February 2 –
Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Eboli , Spanish noble
February 29 –
Alessandro Striggio , Italian composer (b. 1540)
March 4 –
Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg and administrator of
March 5 –
Michiel Coxie , Flemish painter (b. 1499)
March 22 –
Johann VII, Duke of Mecklenburg , Duke of
Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1576–1592) (b.
April 8 –
Dorothea Susanne of Simmern , Duchess of Saxe-Weimar
April 13 –
Bartolomeo Ammannati , Italian architect and sculptor
April 18 –
George John I, Count Palatine of Veldenz (b.
April 21 –
Christoph, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (b. 1552
May 17 –
Paschal Baylon , Spanish mystic and saint (b. 1540)
May 24 –
Nikolaus Selnecker , German musician (b.
June 17 –
Ernst Ludwig, Duke of Pomerania (b.
July 1 – Marc\'Antonio Ingegneri , Italian composer (b. c. 1547)
July 4 –
Francesco Bassano the Younger
Francesco Bassano the Younger , Italian painter (b.
July 6 –
John George of Ohlau , Duke of Oława and Wołów
July 18 –
Sibylle of Saxony , Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg (b. 1515
July 22 –
Ludwig Rabus , German martyrologist (b.
July 26 –
Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron , French soldier (b.
August 20 –
William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b.
William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) (b. 1532)
Shimazu Toshihisa , Japanese samurai (b.
September 3 – Robert Greene , English writer (b. 1558)
September 13 –
Michel de Montaigne , French essayist (b. 1533)
September 20 –
Francisco Vallés , Spanish physician (b.
October 15 –
Jean Vendeville , law professor, Roman Catholic
October 19 –
Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu , English
October 28 –
Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq , Flemish diplomat
November 17 – King
John III of Sweden
John III of Sweden (b. 1537)
November 27 –
Nakagawa Hidemasa , Japanese military commander
December 3 –
Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1545)
* Date unknown
Moderata Fonte , Italian poet, writer and philosopher (b. 1555)
Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa , Spanish explorer (b. 1532)
Katharina Gerlachin , German printer (b.
Girolamo Muziano , Italian painter (b. 1532)