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1590
1590
(MDXC ) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, the 1590th year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 590th year of the 2nd millennium
2nd millennium
, the 90th year of the 16th century
16th century
, and the 1st year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1590, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January–June * 1.2 July–December * 1.3 Date unknown

* 2 Births

* 2.1 January–June * 2.2 July–December * 2.3 Date unknown * 2.4 probable

* 3 Deaths * 4 References

EVENTS

May 17 : Anne of Denmark is crowned queen consort.

JANUARY–JUNE

* January 11 – The Cortes of Castile approves a new subsidy, the millones . * March
March
Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange , takes Breda
Breda
, by concealing 68 of his best men in a peat-boat, to get through the impregnable defences. * March 14 Battle of Ivry
Battle of Ivry
: Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France
again defeats the forces of the Catholic League , under Charles, Duke of Mayenne
Charles, Duke of Mayenne
. * May
May
–August, – Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France
unsuccessfully attempts to besiege Paris. Henry is forced to raise the siege, when Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma comes to its rescue with a Spanish army. * May 17 Anne of Denmark is crowned queen consort of Scotland , at Holyrood Abbey
Holyrood Abbey
in Edinburgh
Edinburgh
. * May
May
21 – The Treaty of Constantinople is signed.

JULY–DECEMBER

* August 18 – John White , governor of the Colony of Roanoke , returns from a supply-trip to England and finds his settlement deserted. After the unsuccessful search, he returns to England on October 24 . * September 5 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to lift the siege of Paris. * September 15 – Urban VII succeeds Sixtus V , as the 228th pope; he dies of malaria twelve days later. * September 15 – The Neulengbach earthquake causes significant damage and some loss of life, in Lower Austria
Lower Austria
and Vienna
Vienna
; the effects are felt as far as Bohemia
Bohemia
and Silesia
Silesia
. * December 5 – Gregory XIV succeeds Urban VII , as the 229th pope. * December 7 North Berwick witch trials
North Berwick witch trials
: Agnes Sampson is questioned by King James VI of Scotland , and confesses to practising witchcraft .

DATE UNKNOWN

* Orthodox Patriarch Meletius I of Alexandria succeeds Silvester . * Japan is united by Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
. * The Spanish are pushed out of southern Gelderland
Gelderland
, by the Dutch forces. * A group of English merchants gains the right to trade in Ottoman territory, in return for supplying the sultan with iron , steel , brass and tin for his war with Persia
Persia
.

* Invention of compound microscope by Hans and Zacharias Janssen

BIRTHS

JANUARY–JUNE

Emperor Ahmed I
Ahmed I

* January 9 Simon Vouet
Simon Vouet
, French painter (d. 1649
1649
) * January 13 – Arthur Bell , English Franciscan martyr (d. 1643 ) * January 27 Charles Caesar , English politician and judge (d. 1642 ) * January 20 Edward Convers , American settler (d. 1663 ) * January 30 Lady Anne Clifford, 14th Baroness de Clifford (d. 1676 ) * February 7 Barthold Nihus , Roman Catholic priest (d. 1657 ) * March
March
Roger Ludlow , one of the founders of the colony (later the state) of Connecticut (d. 1664
1664
) * March
March
6 – Margaret of the Blessed Sacrament , French Discalced Carmelite nun (d. 1660 ) * March
March
10 – Dietrich Reinkingk , German lawyer and politician (d. 1664
1664
) * March
March
18 – Manuel de Faria e Sousa , Spanish and Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649
1649
) * March
March
29 – Michael Reyniersz Pauw , Dutch businessman (d. 1640
1640
)

* April 7

* Louis de Dieu , Dutch theologian (d. 1642 ) * John Upton , English politician (d. 1641 )

* April 18 Ahmed I
Ahmed I
, Ottoman Emperor (d. 1617 ) * May
May
William Cecil, 17th Baron de Ros (d. 1618 ) * May
May
3 – Franco Burgersdijk
Franco Burgersdijk
, Dutch logician (d. 1635
1635
)

* May
May
5

* John Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg
John Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg
(d. 1636
1636
) * Jakub Sobieski
Jakub Sobieski
, Polish noble (d. 1646
1646
)

* May
May
12 – Cosimo II de\' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1621 ) * May
May
31 – Frances Carr, Countess of Somerset (d. 1632 ) * June 1 Isaac Manasses de Pas, Marquis de Feuquieres , French soldier (d. 1640
1640
) * June 9 Caspar Sibelius , Dutch Protestant minister (d. 1658 ) * June 19 – Philip Bell , British colonial governor (d. 1678
1678
) * June 24 Samuel Ampzing , Dutch linguist and historian (d. 1632 ) * June 29 Edward Rodney , English politician (d. 1657 )

JULY–DECEMBER

Pope Clement X
Pope Clement X

* July 3 Lucrezia Orsina Vizzana , Italian singer and composer (d. 1662 ) * July 13 Pope Clement X
Pope Clement X
(d. 1676 ) * July 26 Johannes Crellius , Polish–German theologian (d. 1633 ) * August 6 – Count John Louis of Nassau-Hadamar (d. 1653 ) * August 7 Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw (d. 1624 ) * August 9 – John Webster , colonial settler and governor of Connecticut (d. 1661 ) * August 19 Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland , English soldier (d. 1649
1649
) * August 27 Ferruccio Baffa Trasci , Italian bishop (d. 1656 ) * August 30 Anthony Stapley , English politician (d. 1655 ) * September 12 María de Zayas , Spanish writer (d. 1661 ) * September 15 Erasmus Earle , English barrister and politician (d. 1667 ) * October 3 Anna of Pomerania , Duchess-Consort of Croy and Havré (d. 1660 ) * October 11 William Pynchon
William Pynchon
, English colonist and fur trader in North America (d. 1662 ) * November 25 Juan Alonso de Cuevas y Davalos , Roman Catholic prelate, Archbishop of Mexico and Antequera (d. 1665
1665
) * December 3 Daniel Seghers , Flemish Jesuit brother and painter (d. 1661 ) * December 14 – John West , colonial governor of Virginia (d. 1659 ) * December 18 William Louis, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (d. 1640
1640
)

DATE UNKNOWN

* Isaac de Caus
Isaac de Caus
, French landscaper (d. 1648 ) * Boris Morozov , Russian statesman and boyar (d. 1661 ) * Yamada Nagamasa
Yamada Nagamasa
, Japanese adventurer (d. 1630
1630
)

PROBABLE

* William Bradford , English leader of Plymouth Colony (d. 1657 ) * William Browne , English poet (d. 1645 ) * Theophilus Eaton , Puritan
Puritan
colonial merchant (d. 1658 ) * Kösem Sultan
Sultan
(d. 1651
1651
) * Mícheál Ó Cléirigh
Mícheál Ó Cléirigh
, Irish chronicler (d. 1643 ) * Marie Vernier , French actress (d. 1627 ) * Caterina Assandra , Italian composer (died c. 1618) * Magdalena Andersdotter , Norwegian-Faroese shipowner (d. 1650
1650
) * Teofila Chmielecka , Polish military role model (d. 1650
1650
) * Marie Fouquet , French medical writer and philanthropist (d. 1681 )

DEATHS

Saint Catherine de Ricci Pope Sixtus V
Pope Sixtus V
Pope Urban VII

* January 7 Jakob Andreae , German theologian (b. 1528 ) * January 20 Giambattista Benedetti , Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1530 ) * February 1 Lawrence Humphrey , president of Magdalen College, Oxford (b. 1527
1527
) * February 2 Catherine of Ricci , Catholic prioress and saint (b. 1522 ) * February 4 Gioseffo Zarlino
Gioseffo Zarlino
, Italian music theorist and composer (b. 1517 )

* February 12

* François Hotman , French Protestant lawyer and writer (b. 1524 ) * Blanche Parry , personal attendant to Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
(b. c. 1508
1508
)

* February 18 Asahi no kata , Japanese lady, Toyotomi Hideyoshi 's sister (b. 1543 ) * February 19 Philipp IV, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (b. 1514 ) * February 21 Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick , English nobleman and general (b. 1528 ) * March
March
4 – Duchess Hedwig of Württemberg , by marriage countess of Hesse-Marburg (b. 1547 ) * April 2 Elisabeth of Saxony , Countess Palatine of Simmern (b. 1552 ) * April 6 Francis Walsingham , English spymaster (b. 1530 ) * May
May
9 – Charles de Bourbon French cardinal and pretender to the throne (b. 1523 ) * June 28 Hori Hidemasa , Japanese warlord (b. 1553 ) * July 10 Charles II, Archduke of Austria
Charles II, Archduke of Austria
, regent of Inner Austria (b. 1540
1540
) * July 21 – Sophie of Württemberg , German noble (b. 1563 )

* August 10

* Hōjō Ujimasa , Japanese warlord (b. 1538 ) * Hōjō Ujiteru , Japanese warlord (b. 1540
1540
?)

* August 17 James III, Margrave of Baden-Hachberg (b. 1562 ) * August 27 Pope Sixtus V
Pope Sixtus V
(b. 1521 ) * September 10 Archduchess Magdalena of Austria , Member of the House of Habsburg (b. 1532 ) * September 13 Pedro Téllez-Girón, 1st Duke of Osuna , Spanish duke (b. 1537 ) * September 20 Lodovico Agostini , Italian composer (b. 1534
1534
) * September 27 Pope Urban VII (b. 1521 ) * October 4 Jacques Cujas , French legal expert (b. 1520
1520
) * October 12
October 12
Kanō Eitoku , Japanese painter (b. 1543 ) * October 16 Archduchess Anna of Austria
Archduchess Anna of Austria
, Duchess of Bavaria (b. 1528 ) * October 18 Philip, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (b. 1570 ) * October 23 Bernardino de Sahagún , Franciscan missionary (b. 1499 ) * October 29 Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert , Dutch politician and theologian (b. 1522 ) * November 18 George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury
George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury
, English statesman (b. 1528 ) * November 19 Girolamo Zanchi
Girolamo Zanchi
, Italian theologian (b. 1516 ) * November 29 Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin , German philologist and poet (b. 1547 ) * December 20
December 20
Ambroise Paré , French surgeon (b. 1510
1510
) * December 27 Emanuel Philibert de Lalaing , Belgian noble and army commander (b. 1557 )

* date unknown

* Nicholas Bobadilla , one of the first Spanish Jesuits (b. 1511 ) * Roger Dudley , British soldier (b. 1535 ) * Sorley Boy MacDonnell , Irish chieftain (b. 1505 ) *