1570s decade ran from
January 1, 1570, to
December 31, 1579.
1.1.3 Date unknown
1.2.3 Date unknown
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1.4.3 Date unknown
1.6.3 Date unknown
1.7.3 Date unknown
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1.9.3 Date unknown
1.10.3 Date unknown
2 Significant people
This section is transcluded from 1570. (edit history)
January 9 –
Ivan the Terrible
Ivan the Terrible begins the Massacre of Novgorod.
January 23 – The assassination of Scottish regent James Stewart, 1st
Earl of Moray, by James Hamilton (the first recorded assassination
using a firearm), throws
Scotland into civil war.
February 8 – A magnitude 8.3 earthquake occurs in Concepción,
February 15 –
Venus occults Jupiter; this will next happen in 1818.
February 25 –
Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of
England, with the bull Regnans in Excelsis.
May 20 –
Abraham Ortelius publishes the first modern atlas, Theatrum
Orbis Terrarum, in Antwerp.
June 10 – The
Kingdom of Livonia
Kingdom of Livonia is established.
July 3 – The Ottoman conquest of
July 14 –
Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V issues Quo primum, promulgating the 1570
edition of the Roman Missal.
July 30 –
Battle of Anegawa
Battle of Anegawa (
Sengoku period nihongo 姉川の戦い
Ane-gawa no Tatakai near
Lake Biwa in Ōmi Province, Japan): The
allied forces of
Oda Nobunaga and
Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the combined
forces of the Azai and Asakura clans.
August 8 – The
Peace of Saint-Germain ends the Third War of Religion
in France. Again, the
Huguenots are promised religious freedom and
Juan de Salcedo (in the service of Miguel López
de Legazpi) begins the conquest of the Kingdom of Maynila.
Construction of the original Catedral Nuestra Señora de La Asunción,
the oldest church in Venezuela, begins.
Whitechapel Bell Foundry
Whitechapel Bell Foundry is known to be in existence in London. By
2017, when it closes its premises in Whitechapel, it will be the
oldest manufacturing company in Great Britain.
Andrea Palladio publishes
I quattro libri dell'architettura
I quattro libri dell'architettura in Venice.
Volcanic eruption in the
Santorini caldera begins.
Andean population of the
Viceroyalty of Peru
Viceroyalty of Peru reaches 1.3 million.
This section is transcluded from 1571. (edit history)
January 11 – The Austrian nobility are granted freedom of religion.
January 23 – The Royal Exchange opens in London, England.
March 18 – The
Order of the Knights of Saint John
Order of the Knights of Saint John transfers the
capital of Malta, from
Birgu to Valletta.
May 24 –
Moscow is burnt by the Crimean army, under Devlet I Giray.
June 3 – Following the conquest of the Kingdom of Maynila, Spanish
Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi makes
Manila a city, and the
capital of the Philippines.
June 25 – Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Horncastle, is founded
in Lincolnshire, England.
June 27 – Jesus College is established "within the City and
University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeth's foundation" in England, by
Welsh cleric and lawyer Hugh Price.
July 25 –
St Olave's Grammar School
St Olave's Grammar School is founded in Tooley Street,
August 1 – The Ottoman conquest of
Cyprus is concluded, by the
surrender of Famagusta.
Cyprus is established as an eyalet of the
Ottoman Empire, and the first Turkish colony moves into the island.
August 29 – Liliw, Laguna,
Philippines is founded by Gat Tayaw,
followers and residents as a municipality of Laguna.
September 28 – The
House of Commons of England
House of Commons of England introduces the first
pro forma bill, symbolizing its authority over its own affairs.
October 7 – Battle of Lepanto: Spanish, Venetian, and Papal naval
forces, under Don John of Austria, defeat the Turkish fleet of Ali
Using mercury in the silver extraction process dramatically increases
the output of the Potosí mine; thus begins the great silver flow that
links the New and Old Worlds.
This section is transcluded from 1572. (edit history)
January 16 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is tried for
treason, for his part in the
Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in
England. He is executed on June 2.
Harrow School is founded, with a royal charter from Queen
Elizabeth I of England.
February 13 –
Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England issues a proclamation which
revokes all commissions, on account of the frauds which they had
April 1 – Capture of Brielle: The Sea Beggars, Netherlandish
Calvinist rebels, capture the port city of Brielle. This leads to a
wave of uprisings in
Zealand against Spanish Habsburg
rule, leaving most of those provinces (with the exception of
Amsterdam) under rebel control.
May 13 –
Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIII succeeds
Pope Pius V, as the 226th pope.
June 25 – The
Sea Beggars capture the city of Gorkum; several Roman
Catholic priests are imprisoned.
July 9 – The
Sea Beggars hang 19 previously imprisoned Roman
Catholic priests (the Martyrs of Gorkum) at Brielle.
July 11 –
Humphrey Gilbert leads 1,500 volunteers from England, on
an expedition to assist the Sea Beggars.
July 19 –
Wanli Emperor of
China ascends the throne at the age of
nine; he will rule for 48 years.
July 29 –
August 2 – Battle of Molodi: A large Crimean
Tatar–Ottoman army which invaded Russia is routed.
August 18 –
Huguenot King Henry III of Navarre marries Margaret of
Valois, sister of King Charles and daughter of Catherine de' Medici,
in a supposed attempt to reconcile
Protestants and Catholics in
August 24 – St. Bartholomew's Day massacre: Catholics in Paris
murder thousands of Protestants, including Gaspard de Coligny and
Petrus Ramus, at the order of King Charles IX, with Catherine de
Medici's connivance. Henry of Navarre and the Prince of Condé barely
escape the same fate. This brings about the
Fourth War of Religion
Fourth War of Religion in
October 20 –
Eighty Years' War
Eighty Years' War – Relief of Goes: Soldiers of the
Spanish Tercios wade across the estuary of the Scheldt, to relieve the
Goes in the Spanish Netherlands.
Siege of Sancerre: Catholic forces of the king lay siege to Sancerre,
Huguenot stronghold in central France. The fortified city holds out
for nearly eight months, without bombard artillery. This is one of the
last times that slings are used in European warfare.
1572 is first observed in the constellation Cassiopeia,
by Cornelius Gemma. Tycho Brahe, who notes it two days later, will use
it to challenge the prevailing view that stars do not change. The
supernova remnant remains visible through 1574.
December – The
Siege of Haarlem
Siege of Haarlem is begun by the Duke of Alva,
Spanish commander in the Netherlands.
December 23 - Theologian
Johann Sylvan is executed in Heidelberg for
his heretical Antitrinitarian beliefs.
Neo-Inca State in Vilcabamba, Peru, the last independent remnant
of the Inca Empire, is conquered by Spain.
Girolamo Mercuriale from
Forlì (Italy) writes the work De morbis
cutaneis ("On the diseases of the skin"), the first scientific tract
Imaginary numbers are defined by Rafael Bombelli.
Portugal's national epic
Os Lusíadas by
Luís de Camões
Luís de Camões is first
Georg Braun begins publication of his urban atlas, Civitates orbis
terrarum, in Cologne.
This section is transcluded from 1573. (edit history)
January – Articles of the
Warsaw Confederation are signed,
sanctioning religious freedom in Poland.
January 25 –
Japan – Battle of Mikatagahara: Takeda Shingen
defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
January 28 – The
Croatian–Slovene peasant revolt
Croatian–Slovene peasant revolt breaks out
against the oppressive nobility; the revolt is quelled violently by
February 15; Matija Gubec, leader of the rebellion, is publicly
executed in Zagreb.
March – The
Siege of Noda Castle takes place in Japan.
March 7 – The
Ottoman–Venetian War (1570–1573)
Ottoman–Venetian War (1570–1573) is ended by a
peace treaty, confirming the transfer of control of
Cyprus from the
Venice to the Ottoman Empire, and also confirming Turkish
occupation of the more fertile region of Dalmatia.
May 11–16 – The Duke of Anjou is elected to the throne of the
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, by the Polish nobility.
May 26 – Battle of Haarlemmermeer:
Geuzen ships, attempting to break
the Siege of Haarlem, are defeated by a combined Spanish and Amsterdam
July 6 – Córdoba, in the Viceroyalty of Peru, is founded by
Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
July 12 – Siege of Haarlem: Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva
capture Haarlem, after a seven-month siege.
July – The
Edict of Boulogne
Edict of Boulogne is signed by Charles IX of France,
granting limited rights to Huguenots, and ending the Fourth War of
Religion in France.
August – Alva begins to besiege
Alkmaar in North Holland.
August 27 –
Oda Nobunaga drives the 15th Ashikaga shogun Ashikaga
Yoshiaki out of Kyoto, effectively destroying the Ashikaga shogunate,
and historically ending the Muromachi and Sengoku periods. The
Azuchi–Momoyama period of
September 16 – Siege of Hikida Castle, Siege of
Ichijōdani Castle in Japan: The
Asakura clan is eliminated by Oda
September 26 –
Siege of Odani Castle in Japan: The
Azai clan is eliminated by Oda Nobunaga.
October 8 – The Spanish abandon the siege of the city of Alkmaar.
November 15 – Santa Fe, Argentina, is founded by Juan de Garay.
November – Alva resigns as Spanish Governor-General and
Commander-in-Chief in the Netherlands, and is succeeded by Luis de
Requesens, who attempts to pursue a more conciliatory policy.
Sarsa Dengel, emperor of Ethiopia, defeats the Oromo in a battle near
The first Spanish galleon, laden with silver for the porcelain and
silk trade with the
Ming Dynasty of China, lands at
Manila in the
Philippines. This occasion marks the beginning of the Spanish silver
trade to China, that will trump that of the Portuguese, the latter of
whom acted as an intermediary between the silver mines of Japan, and
the luxury items in
China to be purchased with that silver. Most of
the silver entering
China comes from what is now Mexico, Bolivia, and
Peru in the New World.
The Portuguese are expelled from the Maldives.
The Turkish New Hammam (Török Fürdö) is built in
Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School for Boys, Barnet, England, is formed.
This section is transcluded from 1574. (edit history)
February 23 – The fifth War of Religion against the
April 14 – Battle of Mookerheyde: Spanish forces under Sancho de
Avila defeat the rebel forces of Louis of Nassau, who is killed.
May 30 – On the death of King Charles IX of France, he is succeeded
by his brother King Henry of Poland, who becomes King Henry III of
France. His mother, Catherine de' Medici, acts as Regent, until Henry
arrives from Poland.
June 10 – Manila,
Philippines gains cityhood.
August 30 –
Guru Ram Das
Guru Ram Das becomes the fourth of the Sikh gurus.
September – A plot to assassinate
John III of Sweden
John III of Sweden is discovered,
Charles de Mornay and implicating Charles Dancay, Hogenskild
Bielke, Gustaf Banér, Pontus De la Gardie, Princess Elizabeth of
Sweden, Princess Cecilia of Sweden, and Duke Charles.
October 3 – The city of Leiden, besieged by the Spanish, is relieved
Sea Beggars fleet under Louis Boisot.
November 22 – The
Juan Fernández Islands
Juan Fernández Islands in the South Pacific Ocean
are discovered, by Spanish sailor Juan Fernández.
November 29 –
Juan de Salcedo quarrel during the Battle
Murad III succeeds Selim II, as Ottoman Emperor.
Prince El-Mirza of Kakheti is defeated in his bid for the throne by
his half-brother, Alexander II.
Liturgical Battle between the Reformation and Counter Reformation
begins in Sweden, and continues until the
Uppsala Synod of 1593.
La Alameda, Seville, is laid out in Spain, as Europe's first public
This section is transcluded from 1575. (edit history)
January 21 – Queen
Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England grants a monopoly on
producing printed sheet music, to
Thomas Tallis and William Byrd.
February 8 –
William I of Orange
William I of Orange founds
February 13 –
Henry III of France
Henry III of France is crowned at Reims.
February 14 –
Henry III of France
Henry III of France marries Louise de
June 24 –
William I of Orange
William I of Orange marries Charlotte of Bourbon.
June 28 – Battle of Nagashino:
Oda Nobunaga defeats Takeda Katsuyori
in Japan's first modern battle.
July 7 – Raid of the Redeswire:
Sir John Carmichael defeats Sir John
Forster, in the last battle between
England and Scotland.
July 26 –
Edmund Grindal succeeds Matthew Parker, as Archbishop of
August 5 –
Henry Sidney is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
October 10 – Battle of Dormans: Catholic forces under Henry I, Duke
of Guise defeat the Protestants, capturing
Philippe de Mornay
Philippe de Mornay among
October 22 – The city of Villa de la Asunsion (today Aguascalientes
(Aguascalientes) is founded in New Spain, by permission from Philip II
December 15 –
Stephen Báthory becomes king of Poland.
December 16 – An earthquake hits Valdivia.
Russians occupy Pernau in western Estonia, and the fortress of
Portugal founds the city of Luanda, Angola.
The seat of the
Audiencia Real in
Chile moves from Concepción to
Abraham Ortelius becomes geographer to Philip II of Spain.
The bubonic plague decimates Venice.
Gaspar da Cruz, a Portuguese Dominican friar, writes about his travels
Ming Dynasty of China, including the Chinese civil service
handbook The Bureaucratic System of the Ming Dynasty, and how the
Chinese draw lots, to determine which days of the year are most
auspicious or most ill-fated to travel upon.
This section is transcluded from 1576. (edit history)
January 20 – Viceroy
Martín Enríquez de Almanza founds the
León, Guanajuato in New
Spain (modern-day Mexico).
January 25 – Portuguese explorer
Paulo Dias de Novais founds the
settlement of São Paulo da Assumpção de Loanda on the western coast
of Africa, which becomes Luanda.
May 5 – The
Edict of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after
"Monsieur", the Duke of Anjou, brother of the King, Henry III of
France, who negotiated it) ends the
Fifth War of Religion
Fifth War of Religion in France.
Protestants are again granted freedom of worship.
July 11 – English navigator
Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
August 11 – English navigator Martin Frobisher, on his search for
the Northwest Passage, enters the bay now named after him.
October – the
Siege of Takabaru occurs in Japan, when the forces of
Shimazu Takahisa besiege and take the fortress of Takabaru, which
belonged to the Itō clan.
November 2 –
Rudolf II becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
November 4 –
Eighty Years' War
Eighty Years' War – Sack of Antwerp: In the Low
Countries, mutinous Spanish soldiers sack Antwerp; after three days
the city is nearly destroyed.
November 8 –
Eighty Years' War
Eighty Years' War – Pacification of Ghent: The States
General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose pillaging Spanish
The States-General of
Blois declares itself against the Edict of
Beaulieu, beginning the
Sixth War of Religion
Sixth War of Religion in France.
James Burbage opens London's first permanent public playhouse, The
December 14 – Hungarian Transylvanian Prince
Stephen Báthory is
elected king of Poland.
1576 Cocoliztli epidemic causes millions of deaths in the
territory of New Spain, in modern-day Mexico.
An early example of autobiography is written in English, by Thomas
The Loci Communes of
Peter Martyr Vermigli
Peter Martyr Vermigli (d. 1562), edited by Robert
le Maçon, are published in London.
The following schools are founded in England:
Dartford Grammar School, by William d'Aeth, Edward Gwyn and William
Sutton Valence School, by William Lambe.
Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski
Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski founds Ostroh Academy, the first
university-level school in Eastern Europe.
This section is transcluded from 1577. (edit history)
January 9 – The second
Union of Brussels
Union of Brussels is formed, first without
the Protestant counties of
Zeeland (which is accepted by
King Philip II of Spain), later with the Protestants, which means open
rebellion of the whole of the Netherlands.
March 17 – The Cathay Company is formed, to send Martin Frobisher
back to the
New World for more gold.
May 28 – The Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of
the Formula of Concord, one of the
Lutheran confessional writings, is
published. The earlier version, known as the Torgau Book (1576), had
been condensed into an Epitome; both documents are part of the 1580
Book of Concord.
September 17 – The
Treaty of Bergerac is signed between Henry III of
France and the Huguenots.
November – The Great Comet of
1577 is observed from Earth.
December 13 –
Francis Drake leaves Plymouth, England, aboard the
Pelican, with four other ships and 164 men, on an expedition against
the Spanish, along the
Pacific coast of the Americas, which will
become a circumnavigation.
Supposed massacre of the MacDonald inhabitants of the Scottish island
of Eigg, by the Clan MacLeod.
The church in
San Pedro de Atacama
San Pedro de Atacama is built, in the
Atacama Desert in
This section is transcluded from 1578. (edit history)
January 31 – Battle of Gembloux: Spanish forces under Don John of
Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch; Farnese begins to
recover control of the French-speaking Southern Netherlands.
April 27 – The
Duel of the Mignons
Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites
of Henry III of France, and two favourites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
May 26 – The
Amsterdam ends Catholic rule, and open
Catholic worship there.
May 31 –
Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich,
England to Frobisher
Bay, Canada, on his third expedition.
Martin Frobisher holds the first
Thanksgiving celebration by
Europeans in North America, on Newfoundland. He ships ore, which
proves to be valueless fool's gold, which can only be used as road
metal in London.
August 4 –
Battle of Alcácer Quibir
Battle of Alcácer Quibir in North Africa: The Moors
defeat King Sebastian of Portugal, who is killed, leaving his elderly
uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir, initiating a succession crisis in
September 6 – Francis Drake, during his circumnavigation
of the globe, passes through the
Strait of Magellan
Strait of Magellan in his ship, the
newly renamed Golden Hind.
October 1 – Alessandro Farnese succeeds Don John, as Governor of the
October 21 - Battle of Wenden: The
Russians are defeated by the
Swedes, who proceed to take Polotsk.
Battle of the Spoiling Dyke
Battle of the Spoiling Dyke at
Trumpan in northwest Scotland: the Clan
MacLeod are victorious over the MacDonalds of Uist.
Ottoman Empire conquers Abkhazia.
Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia, kills Bahr negus Yeshaq, finally
ending his rebellion.
Sonam Gyrso receives from Prince Atlan Khan the title of Talaï, and
becomes the third
Dalai Lama of Tibet.
The last outbreak of sweating sickness occurs in England.
The Portuguese assist Lord Ōmura Sumitada, the first Christian
Japanese diamyo, in repulsing an assault on
Nagasaki by the Ryūzōji
This section is transcluded from 1579. (edit history)
January 6 – The
Union of Atrecht
Union of Atrecht unites the southern Netherlands
under the Duke of Parma, governor in the name of king Philip II of
January 23 – The
Union of Utrecht
Union of Utrecht unites the northern Netherlands in
a confederation called the United Provinces. William I of Orange
becomes Stadtholder, and the Duc d'Anjou, younger brother of Henry III
of France, is invited to become hereditary sovereign.
Maastricht is captured by the Spanish under Parma.
May 25 –
Japan – Battle of Mimaomote: Doi Kiyonaga defeats the
forces of Kumu Yorinobu.
June 17 – Francis Drake, during his circumnavigation of the world,
lands in what is now California, which he claims for Queen Elizabeth
I. With an English claim here and in Newfoundland, it becomes the
basis for English colonial charters which will claim all land from the
Atlantic to the Pacific, from "sea to sea." Drake's claim is called
"Nova Albion" (New England), and subsequent maps will show all lands
north of New
Spain and New
Mexico under this name.
July 16 –
James FitzMaurice FitzGerald lands with a small force of
Irish, Spanish, and Italian troops at Smerwick, on the Dingle
Peninsula in south-western Ireland, and commences the Second Desmond
Rebellion against the rule in Ireland of Elizabeth I of England.
July 13 – Karlovac, Croatia is founded.
Akbar abolishes jizya.
The municipality of Boac in Marinduque,
Philippines is founded.
Bible of Kralice
Bible of Kralice begins publication. The first complete
translation of the Bible into the
Czech language (with notes), it is
prepared by the Unity of the Brethren, and published at Kralice nad
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (
Abbas I, the strongest king of
Safavid dynasty (1571-1629)
Thomas Wintour, conspirator of the failed
Gunpowder Plot (
Mateo Romero, Baroque composer (1575-1647)
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (
^ Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). The Encyclopædia of Oxford.
London: Macmillan. p. 198. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.
^ "The Library of Parliament's research tool for finding information
on legislation". Library of Parliament. 2010-01-28. Archived from the
February 2, 2010. Retrieved 28
^ "Epic World History: Potosí (
Silver Mines of Colonial Peru)".
epicworldhistory.blogspot.com. 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. In 1571,
after numerous trials, the Spanish perfected the techniques for
refining Potosí’s silver ore with Huancavelica's mercury, prompting
Viceroy Francisco de Toledo to gush that the union of the two mines
would create the world’s greatest marriage.
^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History.
London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 226–229.
^ Tyerman, Christopher (2000). A History of Harrow School. Oxford
University Press. pp. 8–17. ISBN 0-19-822796-5.
University of Otago
University of Otago Library exhibition note for The
Beyond; Allen, R. H.
Star Names: their Lore and Meaning, Bill Thayer's
edition at LacusCurtius, "Cassiopeia."
^ "The Lusiads". World Digital Library. 1800–1882. Retrieved
^ Karin Tegenborg Falkdalen (2010). Vasadöttrarna ['The Vasa
Daughters']. Falun: Historiska Media. ISBN 978-91-85873-87-6 (In
^ Albardonedo Freire, Antonio José (2002). El urbanismo de Sevilla
durante el reinado de Felipe II. Sevilla: Guadalquivir.
pp. 191–208. ISBN 84-8093-115-9.
^ "Thomas Tallis". Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History.
London: Century Ltd. pp. 156–159.
^ "Voyage of the Golden Hind". The Golden Hind. Brixham. 2012.