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The 1570S decade ran from January 1, 1570, to December
December
31, 1579.

MILLENNIUM : 2nd millennium
2nd millennium

CENTURIES :

* 15th century
15th century
* 16TH CENTURY * 17th century
17th century

DECADES :

* 1550s * 1560s * 1570S * 1580s * 1590s

YEARS :

* 1570 * 1571 * 1572
1572
* 1573
1573
* 1574

* 1575 * 1576 * 1577 * 1578
1578
* 1579
1579

CATEGORIES:

*

* Births * Deaths * By country * By topic

*

* Establishments * Disestablishments

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 1570

* 1.1.1 January–June * 1.1.2 July– December
December
* 1.1.3 Date unknown

* 1.2 1571

* 1.2.1 January–June * 1.2.2 July– December
December
* 1.2.3 Date unknown

* 1.3 1572
1572

* 1.3.1 January–June * 1.3.2 July– December
December
* 1.3.3 Date unknown

* 1.4 1573
1573

* 1.4.1 January–June * 1.4.2 July– December
December
* 1.4.3 Date unknown

* 1.5 1574

* 1.5.1 January–June * 1.5.2 July– December
December
* 1.5.3 Undated

* 1.6 1575

* 1.6.1 January–June * 1.6.2 July– December
December
* 1.6.3 Date unknown

* 1.7 1576

* 1.7.1 January–June * 1.7.2 July– December
December
* 1.7.3 Date unknown

* 1.8 1577

* 1.8.1 January–June * 1.8.2 July– December
December
* 1.8.3 Date unknown

* 1.9 1578
1578

* 1.9.1 January–June * 1.9.2 July– December
December
* 1.9.3 Date unknown

* 1.10 1579
1579

* 1.10.1 January–June * 1.10.2 July– December
December
* 1.10.3 Date unknown

* 2 Significant people * 3 Births * 4 Deaths * 5 References

EVENTS

1570

This section is transcluded from 1570 . (edit history )

January–June

* January 9 Ivan the Terrible
Ivan the Terrible
begins the Massacre of Novgorod . * January 23 – The assassination of Scottish regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray , by James Hamilton (the first recorded assassination using a firearm), throws Scotland
Scotland
into civil war . * February 8 – A magnitude 8.3 earthquake occurs in Concepción, Chile
Chile
. * February 15 Venus
Venus
occults Jupiter
Jupiter
; this will next happen in 1818
1818
. * February 25 Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England
England
, with the bull Regnans in Excelsis
Regnans in Excelsis
. * May 20 Abraham Ortelius
Abraham Ortelius
publishes the first modern atlas , Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
, in Antwerp
Antwerp
. * June 10 – The Kingdom of Livonia is established.

July–December

* July 3 – The Ottoman conquest of Cyprus
Cyprus
begins. * July 14 Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
issues Quo primum , promulgating the 1570 edition of the Roman Missal
Roman Missal
. * July 30 Battle of Anegawa
Battle of Anegawa
( Sengoku period
Sengoku period
nihongo 姉川の戦い Ane-gawa no Tatakai near Lake Biwa
Lake Biwa
in Ōmi Province
Ōmi Province
, Japan): The allied forces of Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
and Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
defeat the combined forces of the Azai and Asakura clans . * August 8 – The Peace of Saint-Germain ends the Third War of Religion in France. Again, the Huguenots
Huguenots
are promised religious freedom and political autonomy.

Date Unknown

* Spanish conquistador Juan de Salcedo (in the service of Miguel López de Legazpi ) begins the conquest of the Kingdom of Maynila
Kingdom of Maynila
. * Construction of the original Catedral Nuestra Señora de La Asunción , the oldest church in Venezuela
Venezuela
, begins. * The Whitechapel Bell Foundry
Whitechapel Bell Foundry
is known to be in existence in London. By 2017
2017
, when it closes its premises in Whitechapel, it will be the oldest manufacturing company in Great Britain. * Andrea Palladio
Andrea Palladio
publishes I quattro libri dell\'architettura in Venice
Venice
. * Volcanic eruption
Volcanic eruption
in the Santorini caldera begins. * The Andean
Andean
population of the Viceroyalty of Peru reaches 1.3 million.

1571

This section is transcluded from 1571 . (edit history )

January–June

* January 11 – The Austrian nobility are granted freedom of religion . * January 23 – The Royal Exchange opens in London
London
, England
England
. * March 18 – The Order of the Knights of Saint John transfers the capital of Malta
Malta
, from Birgu
Birgu
to Valletta
Valletta
. * May 24 Moscow
Moscow
is burnt by the Crimean army, under Devlet I Giray . * June 3 – Following the conquest of the Kingdom of Maynila
Kingdom of Maynila
, Spanish Conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi makes Manila
Manila
a city, and the capital of the Philippines
Philippines
. * June 25 – Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School, Horncastle , is founded in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
, England. * June 27 – Jesus College is established "within the City and University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeth 's foundation" in England, by Welsh cleric and lawyer Hugh Price .

July–December

* July 25 – St Olave\'s Grammar School is founded in Tooley Street , London. * August 1 – The Ottoman conquest of Cyprus
Cyprus
is concluded, by the surrender of Famagusta
Famagusta
. Cyprus
Cyprus
is established as an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
, and the first Turkish colony moves into the island. * August 29 Liliw, Laguna
Liliw, Laguna
, Philippines
Philippines
is founded by Gat Tayaw, followers and residents as a municipality of Laguna . * September 28 – The House of Commons of England
House of Commons of England
introduces the first pro forma bill, symbolizing its authority over its own affairs. * October 7 Battle of Lepanto
Battle of Lepanto
: Spanish, Venetian, and Papal naval forces, under Don John of Austria , defeat the Turkish fleet of Ali Monizindade Pasha.

Date Unknown

* Using mercury in the silver extraction process dramatically increases the output of the Potosí mine; thus begins the great silver flow that links the New and Old Worlds. *

1572

This section is transcluded from 1572
1572
. (edit history )

January–June

* January 16 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
, is tried for treason, for his part in the Ridolfi plot
Ridolfi plot
to restore Catholicism in England. He is executed on June 2 . * February Harrow School
Harrow School
is founded, with a royal charter from Queen Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
. * February 13 – Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
issues a proclamation which revokes all commissions, on account of the frauds which they had fostered. * April 1 Capture of Brielle : The Sea Beggars , Netherlandish Calvinist
Calvinist
rebels, capture the port city of Brielle . This leads to a wave of uprisings in Holland
Holland
and Zealand
Zealand
against Spanish Habsburg rule, leaving most of those provinces (with the exception of Amsterdam ) under rebel control. * May 13 Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIII
succeeds Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
, as the 226th pope . * June 25 – The Sea Beggars capture the city of Gorkum ; several Roman Catholic priests are imprisoned.

July–December

* July 9 – The Sea Beggars hang 19 previously imprisoned Roman Catholic priests (the Martyrs of Gorkum
Martyrs of Gorkum
) at Brielle . * July 11 Humphrey Gilbert leads 1,500 volunteers from England, on an expedition to assist the Sea Beggars. * July 19 Wanli Emperor
Wanli Emperor
of China
China
ascends the throne at the age of nine; he will rule for 48 years. * July 29 August 2 Battle of Molodi : A large Crimean Tatar –Ottoman army which invaded Russia is routed. * August 18 Huguenot
Huguenot
King Henry III of Navarre marries Margaret of Valois , sister of King Charles and daughter of Catherine de\' Medici , in a supposed attempt to reconcile Protestants
Protestants
and Catholics in France. * August 24 – St. Bartholomew\'s Day massacre : Catholics in Paris murder thousands of Protestants, including Gaspard de Coligny and Petrus Ramus , at the order of King Charles IX , with Catherine de Medici's connivance. Henry of Navarre and the Prince of Condé barely escape the same fate. This brings about the Fourth War of Religion in France. * October 20 – Eighty Years\' War – Relief of Goes : Soldiers of the Spanish Tercios wade across the estuary of the Scheldt
Scheldt
, to relieve the siege of Goes
Goes
in the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
.

* November 9

* Siege of Sancerre
Siege of Sancerre
: Catholic forces of the king lay siege to Sancerre
Sancerre
, a Huguenot
Huguenot
stronghold in central France. The fortified city holds out for nearly eight months, without bombard artillery. This is one of the last times that slings are used in European warfare. * Supernova SN 1572
1572
is first observed in the constellation Cassiopeia , by Cornelius Gemma . Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
, who notes it two days later, will use it to challenge the prevailing view that stars do not change. The supernova remnant remains visible through 1574.

* December
December
– The Siege of Haarlem
Siege of Haarlem
is begun by the Duke of Alva , Spanish commander in the Netherlands. * December
December
23 - Theologian Johann Sylvan is executed in Heidelberg for his heretical Antitrinitarian beliefs.

Date Unknown

* The Neo-Inca State
Neo-Inca State
in Vilcabamba, Peru
Vilcabamba, Peru
, the last independent remnant of the Inca Empire
Inca Empire
, is conquered by Spain. * Girolamo Mercuriale from Forlì
Forlì
(Italy) writes the work De morbis cutaneis ("On the diseases of the skin"), the first scientific tract on dermatology . * Imaginary numbers are defined by Rafael Bombelli
Rafael Bombelli
. * Portugal's national epic Os Lusíadas
Os Lusíadas
by Luís de Camões is first published. * Georg Braun
Georg Braun
begins publication of his urban atlas , Civitates orbis terrarum, in Cologne
Cologne
.

1573

This section is transcluded from 1573
1573
. (edit history )

January–June

* January – Articles of the Warsaw Confederation
Warsaw Confederation
are signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. * January 25 – Japan
Japan
Battle of Mikatagahara
Battle of Mikatagahara
: Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
. * January 28 – The Croatian–Slovene peasant revolt breaks out against the oppressive nobility; the revolt is quelled violently by February 15 ; Matija Gubec
Matija Gubec
, leader of the rebellion, is publicly executed in Zagreb
Zagreb
. * February March
March
– The Siege of Noda Castle takes place in Japan. * March 7 – The Ottoman–Venetian War (1570–1573) is ended by a peace treaty, confirming the transfer of control of Cyprus
Cyprus
from the Republic of Venice
Venice
to the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
, and also confirming Turkish occupation of the more fertile region of Dalmatia
Dalmatia
. * May 11 –16 – The Duke of Anjou is elected to the throne of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
, by the Polish nobility. * May 26 Battle of Haarlemmermeer : Geuzen
Geuzen
ships, attempting to break the Siege of Haarlem
Siege of Haarlem
, are defeated by a combined Spanish and Amsterdam
Amsterdam
fleet.

July–December

* July 6 – Córdoba , in the Viceroyalty of Peru , is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera . * July 12 Siege of Haarlem
Siege of Haarlem
: Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva capture Haarlem
Haarlem
, after a seven-month siege. * July
July
– The Edict of Boulogne is signed by Charles IX of France
Charles IX of France
, granting limited rights to Huguenots
Huguenots
, and ending the Fourth War of Religion in France. * August
August
– Alva begins to besiege Alkmaar
Alkmaar
in North Holland
Holland
. * August
August
27 – Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
drives the 15th Ashikaga shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaki
Ashikaga Yoshiaki
out of Kyoto
Kyoto
, effectively destroying the Ashikaga shogunate, and historically ending the Muromachi and Sengoku periods . The Azuchi–Momoyama period
Azuchi–Momoyama period
of Japan
Japan
begins. * September 8 September 16 Siege of Hikida Castle , Siege of Ichijōdani Castle in Japan: The Asakura clan
Asakura clan
is eliminated by Oda Nobunaga. * September 22 September 26 Siege of Odani Castle in Japan: The Azai clan
Azai clan
is eliminated by Oda Nobunaga. * October 8 – The Spanish abandon the siege of the city of Alkmaar . * November 15 Santa Fe, Argentina
Santa Fe, Argentina
, is founded by Juan de Garay . * November
November
– Alva resigns as Spanish Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in the Netherlands, and is succeeded by Luis de Requesens , who attempts to pursue a more conciliatory policy.

Date Unknown

* Sarsa Dengel , emperor of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
, defeats the Oromo in a battle near Lake Zway . * The first Spanish galleon, laden with silver for the porcelain and silk trade with the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
of China, lands at Manila
Manila
in the Philippines
Philippines
. This occasion marks the beginning of the Spanish silver trade to China, that will trump that of the Portuguese , the latter of whom acted as an intermediary between the silver mines of Japan, and the luxury items in China
China
to be purchased with that silver. Most of the silver entering China
China
comes from what is now Mexico, Bolivia
Bolivia
, and Peru
Peru
in the New World
New World
. * The Portuguese are expelled from the Maldives
Maldives
. * The Turkish New Hammam (Török Fürdö) is built in Çorum Province. * Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School for Boys , Barnet , England, is formed.

1574

This section is transcluded from 1574 . (edit history )

January–June

* February 23 – The fifth War of Religion against the Huguenots begins in France
France
. * April 14 Battle of Mookerheyde : Spanish forces under Sancho de Avila defeat the rebel forces of Louis of Nassau
Louis of Nassau
, who is killed. * May 30 – On the death of King Charles IX of France
Charles IX of France
, he is succeeded by his brother King Henry of Poland
Poland
, who becomes King Henry III of France
France
. His mother, Catherine de\' Medici , acts as Regent
Regent
, until Henry arrives from Poland
Poland
. * June 10 Manila
Manila
, Philippines
Philippines
gains cityhood.

July–December

* August
August
30 – Guru Ram Das becomes the fourth of the Sikh gurus
Sikh gurus
. * September
September
– A plot to assassinate John III of Sweden
John III of Sweden
is discovered, headed by Charles de Mornay and implicating Charles Dancay , Hogenskild Bielke , Gustaf Banér , Pontus De la Gardie , Princess Elizabeth of Sweden
Sweden
, Princess Cecilia of Sweden , and Duke Charles . * October 3 – The city of Leiden
Leiden
, besieged by the Spanish , is relieved by a Sea Beggars fleet under Louis Boisot . * November
November
22 – The Juan Fernández Islands
Juan Fernández Islands
in the South Pacific Ocean are discovered, by Spanish sailor Juan Fernández . * November
November
29 – Limahong and Juan de Salcedo quarrel during the Battle of Manila
Manila
. * December
December
Murad III
Murad III
succeeds Selim II
Selim II
, as Ottoman Emperor .

Undated

* Prince El-Mirza of Kakheti is defeated in his bid for the throne by his half-brother, Alexander II . * The Liturgical Battle between the Reformation and Counter Reformation begins in Sweden, and continues until the Uppsala Synod
Uppsala Synod
of 1593 . * La Alameda, Seville , is laid out in Spain
Spain
, as Europe
Europe
's first public garden.

1575

This section is transcluded from 1575 . (edit history )

January–June

* January 21 – Queen Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
grants a monopoly on producing printed sheet music , to Thomas Tallis
Thomas Tallis
and William Byrd
William Byrd
. * February 8 William I of Orange founds Leiden
Leiden
University . * February 13 – Henry III of France is crowned at Reims
Reims
. * February 14 – Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont . * June 24 William I of Orange marries Charlotte of Bourbon . * June 28 Battle of Nagashino
Battle of Nagashino
: Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
defeats Takeda Katsuyori in Japan
Japan
's first modern battle.

July–December

* July
July
7 – Raid of the Redeswire : Sir John Carmichael defeats Sir John Forster , in the last battle between England
England
and Scotland. * July
July
26 – Edmund Grindal
Edmund Grindal
succeeds Matthew Parker
Matthew Parker
, as Archbishop of Canterbury . * August
August
5 – Henry Sidney
Henry Sidney
is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland . * October 10 – Battle of Dormans: Catholic forces under Henry I, Duke of Guise defeat the Protestants
Protestants
, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others. * October 22 – The city of Villa de la Asunsion (today Aguascalientes (Aguascalientes) is founded in New Spain
Spain
, by permission from Philip II of Spain
Spain
. * December
December
15 – Stephen Báthory
Stephen Báthory
becomes king of Poland
Poland
. * December
December
16 – An earthquake hits Valdivia
Valdivia
.

Date Unknown

* Russians
Russians
occupy Pernau in western Estonia
Estonia
, and the fortress of Weissenstein . * Portugal
Portugal
founds the city of Luanda
Luanda
, Angola
Angola
. * The seat of the Audiencia Real
Audiencia Real
in Chile
Chile
moves from Concepción to Santiago
Santiago
. * Abraham Ortelius
Abraham Ortelius
becomes geographer to Philip II of Spain
Spain
. * The bubonic plague decimates Venice
Venice
. * Gaspar da Cruz, a Portuguese Dominican friar, writes about his travels to the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
of China
China
, including the Chinese civil service handbook The Bureaucratic System of the Ming Dynasty, and how the Chinese draw lots, to determine which days of the year are most auspicious or most ill-fated to travel upon.

1576

This section is transcluded from 1576 . (edit history )

January–June

* January 20 – Viceroy Martín Enríquez de Almanza
Martín Enríquez de Almanza
founds the settlement of León, Guanajuato
León, Guanajuato
in New Spain
Spain
(modern-day Mexico). * January 25 – Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais founds the settlement of São Paulo da Assumpção de Loanda on the western coast of Africa, which becomes Luanda
Luanda
. * May 5 – The Edict of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after "Monsieur", the Duke of Anjou , brother of the King, Henry III of France
France
, who negotiated it) ends the Fifth War of Religion in France. Protestants
Protestants
are again granted freedom of worship.

July–December

* July 11 – English navigator Martin Frobisher
Martin Frobisher
sights Greenland
Greenland
. * August
August
11 – English navigator Martin Frobisher
Martin Frobisher
, on his search for the Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
, enters the bay now named after him . * October
October
– the Siege of Takabaru occurs in Japan, when the forces of Shimazu Takahisa besiege and take the fortress of Takabaru, which belonged to the Itō clan . * November
November
2 – Rudolf II becomes Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
. * November
November
4 – Eighty Years\' War – Sack of Antwerp
Antwerp
: In the Low Countries , mutinous Spanish soldiers sack Antwerp
Antwerp
; after three days the city is nearly destroyed. * November
November
8 – Eighty Years\' War – Pacification of Ghent
Pacification of Ghent
: The States General of the Netherlands
States General of the Netherlands
meet and unite to oppose pillaging Spanish mutineers.

* December
December

* The States-General of Blois
Blois
declares itself against the Edict of Beaulieu , beginning the Sixth War of Religion in France. * James Burbage opens London's first permanent public playhouse , The Theatre
The Theatre
.

* December
December
14 – Hungarian Transylvanian Prince Stephen Báthory is elected king of Poland.

Date Unknown

* The 1576 Cocoliztli epidemic causes millions of deaths in the territory of New Spain
Spain
, in modern-day Mexico
Mexico
. * An early example of autobiography is written in English, by Thomas Whythorne. * The Loci Communes of Peter Martyr Vermigli
Peter Martyr Vermigli
(d. 1562 ), edited by Robert le Maçon , are published in London.

* The following schools are founded in England:

* Dartford Grammar School , by William d'Aeth, Edward Gwyn and William Vaughn. * Sutton Valence School , by William Lambe.

* Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski founds Ostroh Academy , the first university-level school in Eastern Europe.

1577

This section is transcluded from 1577 . (edit history )

January–June

* January 9 – The second Union of Brussels is formed, first without the Protestant counties of Holland
Holland
and Zeeland
Zeeland
(which is accepted by King Philip II of Spain
Spain
), later with the Protestants, which means open rebellion of the whole of the Netherlands . * March 17 – The Cathay Company is formed, to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World
New World
for more gold. * May 28 – The Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord
Formula of Concord
, one of the Lutheran
Lutheran
confessional writings, is published. The earlier version, known as the Torgau Book ( 1576 ), had been condensed into an Epitome ; both documents are part of the 1580 Book of Concord
Book of Concord
.

July–December

* September
September
17 – The Treaty of Bergerac is signed between Henry III of France
France
and the Huguenots
Huguenots
. * November
November
– The Great Comet of 1577 is observed from Earth
Earth
. * December
December
13 – Francis Drake
Francis Drake
leaves Plymouth
Plymouth
, England
England
, aboard the Pelican , with four other ships and 164 men, on an expedition against the Spanish , along the Pacific coast
Pacific coast
of the Americas
Americas
, which will become a circumnavigation .

Date Unknown

* Supposed massacre of the MacDonald inhabitants of the Scottish island of Eigg
Eigg
, by the Clan MacLeod
Clan MacLeod
. * The church in San Pedro de Atacama is built, in the Atacama Desert in Chile.

1578

This section is transcluded from 1578
1578
. (edit history )

January–June

* January 31 – Battle of Gembloux : Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch; Farnese begins to recover control of the French-speaking Southern Netherlands
Southern Netherlands
. * April 27 – The Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France , and two favourites of Henry I, Duke of Guise . * May 26 – The Alteratie
Alteratie
in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
ends Catholic rule, and open Catholic worship there. * May 31 Martin Frobisher
Martin Frobisher
sails from Harwich
Harwich
, England
England
to Frobisher Bay
Frobisher Bay
, Canada, on his third expedition.

July–December

* July
July
Martin Frobisher
Martin Frobisher
holds the first Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
celebration by Europeans in North America, on Newfoundland . He ships ore, which proves to be valueless fool\'s gold , which can only be used as road metal in London. * August
August
4 – Battle of Alcácer Quibir
Battle of Alcácer Quibir
in North Africa: The Moors defeat King Sebastian of Portugal
Portugal
, who is killed, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry , as his heir, initiating a succession crisis in Portugal. * August
August
20 – September
September
6 – Francis Drake
Francis Drake
, during his circumnavigation of the globe, passes through the Strait of Magellan in his ship, the newly renamed Golden Hind
Golden Hind
. * October
October
1 – Alessandro Farnese succeeds Don John , as Governor of the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
. * October
October
21 - Battle of Wenden : The Russians
Russians
are defeated by the Swedes , who proceed to take Polotsk .

Date Unknown

* Battle of the Spoiling Dyke at Trumpan in northwest Scotland: the Clan MacLeod
Clan MacLeod
are victorious over the MacDonalds of Uist . * The Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
conquers Abkhazia
Abkhazia
. * Sarsa Dengel , Emperor of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
, kills Bahr negus Yeshaq , finally ending his rebellion. * Sonam Gyrso receives from Prince Atlan Khan the title of Talaï, and becomes the third Dalai Lama
Dalai Lama
of Tibet
Tibet
. * The last outbreak of sweating sickness occurs in England. * The Portuguese assist Lord Ōmura Sumitada , the first Christian Japanese diamyo, in repulsing an assault on Nagasaki
Nagasaki
by the Ryūzōji clan .

1579

This section is transcluded from 1579
1579
. (edit history )

January–June

* January 6 – The Union of Atrecht unites the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma , governor in the name of king Philip II of Spain
Spain
. * January 23 – The Union of Utrecht
Union of Utrecht
unites the northern Netherlands in a confederation called the United Provinces . William I of Orange becomes Stadtholder, and the Duc d\'Anjou , younger brother of Henry III of France , is invited to become hereditary sovereign. * March
March
Maastricht
Maastricht
is captured by the Spanish under Parma. * May 25 Japan
Japan
Battle of Mimaomote : Doi Kiyonaga defeats the forces of Kumu Yorinobu. * June 17 Francis Drake
Francis Drake
, during his circumnavigation of the world, lands in what is now California
California
, which he claims for Queen Elizabeth I . With an English claim here and in Newfoundland , it becomes the basis for English colonial charters which will claim all land from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from "sea to sea." Drake's claim is called "Nova Albion" (New England), and subsequent maps will show all lands north of New Spain
Spain
and New Mexico
Mexico
under this name. * July
July
16 – James FitzMaurice FitzGerald lands with a small force of Irish, Spanish, and Italian troops at Smerwick , on the Dingle Peninsula in south-western Ireland, and commences the Second Desmond Rebellion against the rule in Ireland of Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
.

July–December

* July
July
13 – Karlovac
Karlovac
, Croatia is founded.

Date Unknown

* Akbar
Akbar
abolishes jizya . * The municipality of Boac in Marinduque
Marinduque
, Philippines
Philippines
is founded. * The Bible of Kralice begins publication. The first complete translation of the Bible into the Czech language
Czech language
(with notes), it is prepared by the Unity of the Brethren , and published at Kralice nad Oslavou , Bohemia
Bohemia
.

SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE

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2016)

BIRTHS

* Abbas I , the strongest king of Safavid dynasty
Safavid dynasty
( 1571 - 1629 ) * Thomas Wintour , conspirator of the failed Gunpowder Plot
Gunpowder Plot
( 1571 or 1572
1572
- 1606
1606
) * Mateo Romero , Baroque composer ( 1575 - 1647
1647
)

DEATHS

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March
2016)

REFERENCES

* ^ Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). The Encyclopædia of Oxford. London: Macmillan. p. 198. ISBN 0-333-39917-X . * ^ "The Library of Parliament\'s research tool for finding information on legislation". Library of Parliament
Library of Parliament
. 2010-01-28. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2010. * ^ "Epic World History: Potosí ( Silver
Silver
Mines of Colonial Peru)". epicworldhistory.blogspot.com. 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. In 1571, after numerous trials, the Spanish perfected the techniques for refining Potosí’s silver ore with Huancavelica's mercury, prompting Viceroy Francisco de Toledo to gush that the union of the two mines would create the world’s greatest marriage. * ^ A B Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 226–229. ISBN 0-304-35730-8 . * ^ Tyerman, Christopher (2000). A History of Harrow School. Oxford University Press. pp. 8–17. ISBN 0-19-822796-5 . * ^ University of Otago
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Names: their Lore and Meaning, Bill Thayer's edition at LacusCurtius , "Cassiopeia." * ^ "The Lusiads". World Digital Library . 1800–1882. Retrieved 2013-08-31. * ^ Karin Tegenborg Falkdalen (2010). Vasadöttrarna . Falun: Historiska Media. ISBN 978-91-85873-87-6 (In Swedish) *