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As a means of recording the passage of
time Time is the continued sequence of existence and event (philosophy), events that occurs in an apparently irreversible process, irreversible succession from the past, through the present, into the future. It is a component quantity of various me ...

time
, the 14th century was a
century A century is a period of 100 years. Centuries are numbered names of numbers in English#Ordinal numbers, ordinally in English and many other languages. The word ''century'' comes from the Latin ''centum'', meaning ''one hundred''. ''Century'' is s ...

century
lasting from January 1, 1301 ( MCCCI), through December 31, 1400 ( MCD). The term is often used to refer to the 1300s, the century between 1300 and 1399. It is estimated that the century witnessed the death of more than 45 million lives from political and natural disasters in both
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
and the
Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire of the 13th and 14th centuries was the List of largest empires, largest contiguous land empire in history and the second largest empire by landmass, second only to the British Empire. Originating in Mongolia in East Asia, the ...
.
West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 17 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania ...

West Africa
and the Indian Subcontinent experienced economic growth and prosperity. In
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...
, the
Black Death The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by the plague bacterium Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bact ...

Black Death
claimed 25 million lives wiping out one third of the European population while the
Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or ...

Kingdom of England
and the
Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France; frm, Royaulme de France; french: link=yes, Royaume de France) is the historiographical name or Hyponymy and hypernymy, umbrella term given to various political entities of France in the Middle Ages ...
fought in the protracted
Hundred Years' War The Hundred Years’ War (french: link=yes, La guerre de Cent Ans; 1337–1453) was a series of armed conflicts between the kingdoms of and during the . It originated from disputed claims to the between the English and the French roy ...
after the death of
Charles IV, King of France
Charles IV, King of France
led to a claim to the French throne by
Edward III, King of England Edward III (13 November 131221 June 1377), also known as Edward of Windsor before his accession, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death in 1377. He is noted for his military success and for restoring royal aut ...

Edward III, King of England
. This period is considered the height of
chivalry Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is an informal and varying code of conduct A code of conduct is a set of rules outlining the norms Norm, the Norm or NORM may refer to: In academic disciplines * Norm (geology), an estimate of the idealised ...
and marks the beginning of strong separate identities for both England and France as well as the foundation of the
Italian Renaissance The Italian Renaissance ( it, Rinascimento ) was a period in Italian history The history of Italy covers the Ancient Period, the Middle Ages and the modern era. Since classical times, ancient Phoenicians, Magna Graecia, Greeks, Etruscan civi ...
and
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
. In
Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of the Earth, Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the cont ...
,
Tamerlane Timur ; chg, ''Aqsaq Temür'', 'Timur the Lame') or as ''Sahib-i-Qiran'' ( 'Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction'), his epithet An epithet (, ) is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a ...

Tamerlane
(Timur), established the
Timurid Empire The Timurid Empire ( fa, ), self-designated as Gurkani ( fa, , ''Gūrkāniyān''), was a Persianate A Persianate society is a society that is based on or strongly influenced by the Persian language Persian (), also known by its endonym ...
, history's third largest empire to have been ever established by a single conqueror. Scholars estimate that Timur's military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population at the time. Synchronously, the
Timurid Renaissance The Timurid Renaissance was a historical period in Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cui ...
emerged. In the
Arab world The Arab world ( ar, العالم العربي '), formally the Arab homeland ( '), also known as the Arab nation ( '), the Arabsphere, or the Arab states, consists of the 22 Member states of the Arab League, Arab countries which are members of ...

Arab world
, historian and political scientist
Ibn Khaldun Ibn Khaldun (; ar, أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي, ; 27 May 1332 – 17 March 1406) was an Arabs, Arab The Historical Muhammad', Irving M. Zeitlin, (Polity Press, 2007), p. 21; "It is, of course ...
and explorer
Ibn Battuta Ibn Battuta (; 24 February 13041368/1369); fully: ; Arabic: was a Berber Berber or Berbers may refer to: Culture * Berbers Berbers or ''Imazighen'' ( ber, translit=Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ; singular: , ) are an e ...
made significant contributions. In ''
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
'', the
Bengal Sultanate The Sultanate of Bengal ( bn, শাহী বাঙ্গালা, fa, شاهی بنگاله ''Shāhī Bangālah''), also known as the Bengal Sultanate or simply Bengal ( fa, بنگاله ''Bangālah'', bn, বাংলা, Bangla), was an e ...

Bengal Sultanate
got divided from the
Delhi Sultanate The Delhi Sultanate was an Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see int ...
, a major
trading nation Trade involves the transfer of goods from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. Economists refer to a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of ru ...
in the world. The sultanate described by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with. The
Mongol court The Mongols ( mn, Монголчууд, , ''Mongolchuud'', ; ) are an East Asian people, East Asian ethnic group Indigenous peoples, native to Mongolia and to China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. They also live as minorities in other regi ...
was driven out of
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
and
retreated
retreated
to Mongolia, the
Ilkhanate The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate ( fa, ایل خانان, ''Ilxānān''), known to the Mongols as ''Hülegü Ulus'' ( mn, Хүлэгийн улс, , ''Qulug-un Ulus'') was a khanate A khaganate or khanate was a political entity rul ...

Ilkhanate
collapsed, the Chaghatayid dissolved and broke into two parts, and the
Golden Horde The Golden Horde, self-designated as Ulug Ulus, 'Great State' in Turkic, was originally a Mongol The Mongols ( mn, Монголчууд, , ''Mongolchuud'', ; russian: Монголы, ) are an ethnic group to the , and the of Russia. ...
lost its position as a great power in
Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical reg ...

Eastern Europe
. In
Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', ...

Africa
, the wealthy
Mali Empire The Mali Empire ( Manding: ''Mandé''Ki-Zerbo, Joseph: ''UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. IV, Abridged Edition: Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century'', p. 57. University of California Press, 1997. or Manden; ar, مالي, Mā ...
, a global leader of gold production, reached its territorial and economic height under the reign of
MansaMansa may refer to: Places In India * Mansa, Gujarat, a town in northern Gujarat, Western India; the capital of: ** Mansa (Vidhan Sabha constituency) ** Mansa State, a princely state under the Mahi Kantha Agency in India * Mansa district, Punja ...
Musa I of Mali Musa I (c. 1280 – ), or Mansa Musa, was the tenth '' Mansa'' (a military title meaning "conqueror" or "emperor") of the Mali Empire The Mali Empire ( Manding: ''Nyeni'' or ''Niani''; also historically referred to as the Manden Kuruowca,. some ...
, the wealthiest individual of the medieval times, and according to various sources as history's ever.


Events

* The transition from the
Medieval Warm Period The Medieval Warm Period (MWP), also known as the Medieval Climate Optimum or the Medieval Climatic Anomaly, was a time of warm climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere An atmos ...
to the
Little Ice Age The Little Ice Age (LIA) was a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period The Medieval Warm Period (MWP) also known as the Medieval Climate Optimum, or Medieval Climatic Anomaly was a time of warm climate Climate is the ...
. * Beginning of the
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
, early expansion into the
Balkans The Balkans ( ), also known as the Balkan Peninsula, are a geographic area in southeastern Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rathe ...

Balkans
. * Early 14th century: Attributed to Kao Ninga ''Monk Sewing'' is made.
Kamakura period#REDIRECT Kamakura period The is a period of History of Japan, Japanese history that marks the governance by the Kamakura shogunate, officially established in 1192 in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Kamakura by the first ''shōgun'', Minamoto no Yoritomo. Th ...
. It is now kept at the
Cleveland Museum of Art Cleveland ( ), officially the City of Cleveland, is a city in the United States, U.S. U.S. state, state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Cuyahoga County. It is located along the southern shore of Lake Erie, across the U.S ...

Cleveland Museum of Art
. * An account of
Buddha Gautama Buddha, popularly known as the Buddha (also known as Siddhattha Gotama or Siddhārtha Gautama or Buddha Shakyamuni), was an ascetic Asceticism (; from the el, ἄσκησις ''áskesis'', "exercise, training") is a lifestyle ...

Buddha
's life, translated earlier into Greek by
Saint John of Damascus John of Damascus (or John Damascene, gr, Ἰωάννης ὁ Δαμασκηνός, Ioánnēs ho Damaskēnós, ; la, Ioannes Damascenus) was a Christian monk, priest A priest is a religious leader authorized to perform the Sacred rite, ...
and widely circulated to
Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of ...

Christians
as the story of
Barlaam and Josaphat Barlaam and Josaphat are legendary Christian martyrs and saints. Their life story is very likely to have been based on the life of the Gautama Buddha. It tells how an Indian king persecuted the Christian Church in his realm. When astrologers p ...
, became so popular that the two were venerated as
saints In religious belief, a saint is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of Q-D-Š, holiness, likeness, or closeness to God. However, the use of the term ''saint'' depends on the context and Christian denomination, denominatio ...

saints
. *
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign state, sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude () north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bor ...

Singapore
emerges for the first time as a fortified city and trading centre of some importance. *
Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see interjection An interjection is a word or ex ...
reaches
Terengganu Terengganu (; Terengganu Malay Terengganu language ( ms, Bahasa Melayu Terengganu, Terengganu Malay: ''Base Tranung/Ganu'') is a Malayan language spoken in the Malaysian state of Terengganu all the way southward to coastal Pahang and northe ...

Terengganu
, on the
Malay Peninsula The Malay Peninsula (Malay Malay may refer to: Languages * Malay language or Bahasa Melayu, a major Austronesian language spoken in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore ** History of the Malay language#Old Malay, the Malay language f ...
. * The
Hausa Hausa may refer to: * Hausa people, an ethnic group of West Africa * Hausa language, spoken in West Africa * Hausa Kingdoms, a historical collection of Hausa city-states * Hausa (horse) or Dongola horse, an African breed of riding horse See also


Hausa
found several
city-state A city-state is an independent sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borrowed from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( or ) is a Romance la ...
s in the south of modern
Niger ) , official_languages = French , languages_type = National language A national language is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed languag ...

Niger
. * The poet
Petrarch Francesco Petrarca (; 20 July 1304 – 18/19 July 1374), commonly anglicized Linguistic anglicisation (or anglicization, occasionally anglification, anglifying, or Englishing) is the practice of modifying foreign words, names, and phrases ...

Petrarch
coins the term
Dark Ages Dark Ages or Dark Age may refer to: History and sociology *Dark Ages (historiography), the use of the term ''Dark Ages'' by historians and lay people **Byzantine Dark Ages (7th–8th centuries), period of large-scale transformation but obscure du ...
to describe the preceding 900 years in
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
, beginning with the
fall of the Western Roman Empire The fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called the fall of the Roman Empire or the fall of Rome) was the loss of central political control in the Western Roman Empire The Western Roman Empire comprises the western provinces of the Ro ...
in
476 __NOTOC__ Year 476 ( CDLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday A leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday Thursday is the day of the week between Wednesday Wedne ...
through to the renewal embodied in the
Renaissance The Renaissance ( , ) , from , with the same meanings. is a period Period may refer to: Common uses * Era, a length or span of time * Full stop (or period), a punctuation mark Arts, entertainment, and media * Period (music), a concept in ...

Renaissance
. *
Iwan An iwan ( fa, ایوان ''eyvān'', ar, إيوان ''Iwan'', also spelled ivan) is a rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open. The formal gateway to the iwan is called ''pishtaq'', a Per ...

Iwan
vault, Jamé Mosque of Isfahan,
Isfahan Isfahan ( fa, اصفهان, Esfahān ), from its Achaemenid empire, ancient designation ''Aspadana'' and later ''Spahan'' in Sassanian Empire, middle Persian, rendered in English as ''Ispahan'', is a major city in Greater Isfahan Region, Is ...

Isfahan
,
Persia Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Tu ...

Persia
(
Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ...

Iran
), is built. * Work begins on the Great Enclosure at
Great Zimbabwe Great Zimbabwe is an ancient city in the south-eastern hills of Zimbabwe near Lake Mutirikwe and the town of Masvingo. It is thought to have been the capital of a great kingdom, although which kingdom is not certain, during the country's Late I ...

Great Zimbabwe
, built of un-cemented, dressed stone. The city's population is now between 10,000 and 40,000.


1300s 1300s may refer to: * The century from 1300 to 1399, almost synonymous with the 14th century As a means of recording the passage of time Time is the continued of and that occurs in an apparently succession from the , through the , in ...

*
1309 Year 1309 (Roman numerals, MCCCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events * March 9 – Pope Clement V settles the papal seat in Avignon, following a visit. * March 1 ...
: King
Jayanegara Jayanegara or Jayanagara (formal regnal name Sri Maharaja Wiralandagopala Sri Sundarapandya Dewa Adhiswara, or Sri Sundarapandyadevadhisvara Vikramottungadeva, also known as Kala Gemet), Prince of Kediri in 1295, reigned from 1309 to 1328, was a Ja ...
succeeds Kertarajasa Jayawardhana as ruler of
Majapahit The Majapahit () was a Javanese Hindu Hindus (; ) are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.Jeffery D. Long (2007), A Vision for Hinduism, IB Tauris, , pages 35–37 ...

Majapahit
.Ricklefs (1991), page 18 *
1309 Year 1309 (Roman numerals, MCCCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events * March 9 – Pope Clement V settles the papal seat in Avignon, following a visit. * March 1 ...
1377: The
Avignon papacy The Avignon Papacy, also known as the Babylonian Captivity, was the period from 1309 to 1376 during which seven successive pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff () o ...
transfers the seat of the Popes from
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
to
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France


1310s The 1310s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1310, and ended on December 31, 1319. Significant people * Louis the Bavarian Louis IV (german: Ludwig; 1 April 1282 – 11 October 1347), called the Bavarian, of the h ...

* The
Great Famine of 1315-1317 Great may refer to: Descriptions or measurements * Great, a relative measurement in physical space, see Size File:Comparison of planets and stars (sheet by sheet) (Oct 2014 update).png, A size comparison illustration comparing the sizes of vario ...
kills millions of people in
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
. *
1318 Year 1318 ( MCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Sunday, January 1, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, December 31, 31 December. Its dominic ...
1330 Year 1330 ( MCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
: An
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
Franciscan friar, Mattiussi, visited Sumatra, Java, and
Banjarmasin ), the Venice of the East , translit_lang1 = Other , translit_lang1_type1 = Jawi , translit_lang1_info1 = بنجر ماسين , settlement_type = City A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ...

Banjarmasin
in Borneo. In his record he described the kingdom of
Majapahit The Majapahit () was a Javanese Hindu Hindus (; ) are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.Jeffery D. Long (2007), A Vision for Hinduism, IB Tauris, , pages 35–37 ...

Majapahit
.


1320s The 1320s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1320, and ended on December 31, 1329. Significant people References {{DEFAULTSORT:1320s ...

*
1320 Year 1320 (Roman numerals, MCCCXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 20 – Duke Władysław I the Elbow-high, Wladyslaw Lokietek ...
:
Władysław I the Elbow-highWładysław is a Polish given male name, cognate with Vladislav. Feminine form is Władysława. Alternate, archaic forms are Włodzisław (male) and Włodzisława (female). Famous people ;As only name * Władysław I Herman (ca. 1044–1102), ...
is crowned
King of Poland Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes and princes (10th to 14th centuries) or by kings (11th to 18th centuries). During the latter period, a tradition of Royal elections in Poland, free election of monarchs made it a uniquely electab ...

King of Poland
which leads to its later unification. *
1323 Year 1323 ( MCCCXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an add ...
: Malietoafaiga ordered cannibalism to be abolished in
Tutuila Tutuila is the main island of American Samoa (and its largest), and is part of the archipelago An archipelago ( ), sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing ...

Tutuila
, now known as
American Samoa #REDIRECT American Samoa American Samoa ( sm, Amerika Sāmoa, ; also ' or ') is an unincorporated territory of the United States Under United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) ...

American Samoa
. *
1325 Year 1325 ( MCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) ...
: Forced out of previous locations, the
Mexica The Mexica (Nahuatl Nahuatl (; ),The Classical Nahuatl word (noun stem ''nāhua'', + absolutive ''-tl'' ) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the ...

Mexica
found the city of
Tenochtitlan Tenochtitlan ( nah, Tenōchtitlan ; es, Tenochtitlán), also known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan ( nah, Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan ; es, México-Tenochtitlán), was a large Mexica ''altepetl'' in what is now the historic center of Mexico City. The exact ...

Tenochtitlan
. *
1327 Year 1327 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 25 – The 14-year-old Edward III of England, Edward II ...
: Tver Uprising against the
Golden Horde The Golden Horde, self-designated as Ulug Ulus, 'Great State' in Turkic, was originally a Mongol The Mongols ( mn, Монголчууд, , ''Mongolchuud'', ; russian: Монголы, ) are an ethnic group to the , and the of Russia. ...
. *
1328 Year 1328 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events * January 24 – Philippa of Hainault marries King Edward III of England a year after his coron ...
:
Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi, known in her regnal name Tribhuwannottunggadewi Jayawishnuwardhani, also known as Dyah Gitarja, was a Javanese queen regnant A queen regnant (plural: queens regnant) is a female monarch A monarch is a head of sta ...
succeeds Jayanegara as ruler of Majapahit. * Beginning of the
Renaissance The Renaissance ( , ) , from , with the same meanings. is a period Period may refer to: Common uses * Era, a length or span of time * Full stop (or period), a punctuation mark Arts, entertainment, and media * Period (music), a concept in ...

Renaissance
in Italy.


1330s The 1330s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1330, and ended on December 31, 1339. Significant people References {{DEFAULTSORT:1330s ...

*
1335 Year 1335 ( MCCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
: The death of the
Ilkhan The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate ( fa, ایل خانان, ''Ilxānān''), known to the Mongols as ''Hülegü Ulus'' ( mn, Хүлэгийн улс, , ''Hu’legīn Uls'') was a khanate established from the southwestern sector of the Mo ...
Abu Said causes the disintegration of the Mongol rule in Persia. *
1336 Year 1336 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events * February 25 ** Rather than be taken captive by the Teutonic Knights, 4,000 defenders of Pilėnai, ...
: The
Vijayanagara Empire The Vijayanagara Empire, also called Karnata Kingdom, was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India South India is a region located in the southern part of India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ...

Vijayanagara Empire
is founded in
South India South India is a region consisting of the southern part of India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, second-most populous ...

South India
by
Harihara I Harihara I, also called Hakka and Vira Harihara I, was the founder of the Vijayanagara Empire The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnata Empire, and the Kingdom of Bisnegar by the Portuguese) was based in the Deccan Plateau region in Sou ...
. *
1337 Year 1337 ( MCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on WednesdayA common year starting on Wednesday is any non- leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday Wednesday is the day of the week between Tuesday and Thursday. According ...
: The
Hundred Years' War The Hundred Years’ War (french: link=yes, La guerre de Cent Ans; 1337–1453) was a series of armed conflicts between the kingdoms of and during the . It originated from disputed claims to the between the English and the French roy ...
begins when
Edward III of England Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377), also known as Edward of Windsor before his accession, was King of England This list of kings and queens of the begins with , who initially ruled , one of the which later made up modern En ...

Edward III of England
lays claim to the French throne.


1340s The 1340s were a Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on , by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and astronomers such as Sosigenes of Al ...

*
1345 Year 1345 ( MCCCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additi ...
1346 Year 1346 ( MCCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional d ...
: The French recruit troops and ships in
Genoa Genoa ( ; it, Genova ; locally ; lij, Zêna ; English, historically, and la, Genua) is the capital of the Regions of Italy, Italian region of Liguria and the List of cities in Italy, sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived ...

Genoa
,
Monaco Monaco (; ), officially the Principality of Monaco (french: Principauté de Monaco; Monégasque Ligurian: ''Prinçipatu de Mu̍negu''), is a sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The ...

Monaco
, and
Nice Nice ( , ; Niçard: , classical norm, or , nonstandard, ; it, Nizza ; grc, Νίκαια; la, Nicaea) is the Urban area (France)#List of France's aires urbaines (metropolitan areas), seventh most populous urban area in France and the prefectu ...

Nice
. *
1346 Year 1346 ( MCCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional d ...
: English forces led by Edward III defeat a French army led by
Philip VI of France Philip VI (french: Philippe; 17 November 1293 – 22 August 1350), called the Fortunate (french: le Fortuné, link=no) and of Valois, was the first King of France The monarchs of the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaum ...

Philip VI of France
in The Battle of Crécy, a major point in the Hundred Years' War which marks the rise of the
longbow A longbow (known as warbow in its time, in contrast to a hunting bow) is a type of tall bow Bow often refers to: * Bow and arrow The bow and arrow is a ranged weapon A ranged weapon is any weapon A weapon, arm or armament is any imp ...

longbow
as a dominant weapon in Western Europe. *
1347 Year 1347 ( MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, in the ...
1351 Year 1351 (Roman numerals, MCCCLI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 14 – Edward III of England institutes the Treason Act 135 ...
: The
Black Death The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by the plague bacterium Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bact ...

Black Death
kills around a third of the population of Europe. *
1347 Year 1347 ( MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, in the ...
:
Adityawarman Adityawarman was a king of Malayapura, a state in central Sumatra Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia. It is the largest island that is fully within Indonesian territory, as well as the list of islands by area, sixth-lar ...

Adityawarman
moved the capital of
Dharmasraya Dharmasraya is the capital and also the name of the 11th century Malay Hindu kingdom based on the Batanghari river system in modern-day West Sumatra West Sumatra ( id, Sumatera Barat) is a Provinces of Indonesia, province of Indonesia. On ...
and established the kingdom of Malayupura in Pagarruyung, West Sumatra. *
1348 Year 1348 (Roman numerals, MCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 1348th year of the Common Era (CE) and ''Anno Domini'' (AD) designations, the 348th year of the 2nd mill ...
: The 6.9-magnitude
1348 Friuli earthquake The 1348 Friuli earthquake, centered in the South Alpine region of Friuli it, Friulano (man) it, Friulana (woman) , population_note = , timezone1 = , utc_offset1 = , timezone1_DST = UTC + 1 , ...
centered in
Northern Italy Northern Italy ( it, Italia settentrionale, it, Nord Italia, label=none, it, Alta Italia, label=none or just it, Nord, label=none) is a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical cha ...
was felt across Europe. Contemporary minds linked the quake with the
Black Death The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by the plague bacterium Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bact ...

Black Death
, fueling fears that the Biblical Apocalypse had arrived.


1350s The 1350s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1350, and ended on December 31, 1359. Significant people References {{DEFAULTSORT:1350s ...

*
1350 Year 1350 ( MCCCL) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
:
Ramathibodi I King U-thongThe Royal Institute. List of monarchs Ayutthaya''. ( th, พระเจ้าอู่ทอง) or King Ramathibodi I ( th, สมเด็จพระรามาธิบดีที่ ๑ ; 1314–1369) was the first king of ...
establishes the Ayutthaya Kingdom. *
1350 Year 1350 ( MCCCL) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
:
Hayam Wuruk Hayam Wuruk, also called (after 1350) Rajasanagara, Pa-ta-na-pa-na-wu, or Bhatara Prabhu, (1334–1389), was a Java Java ( id, Jawa, ; jv, ꦗꦮ; su, ) is one of the Greater Sunda Islands The Greater Sunda Islands are four tropical isl ...
, styled Sri Rajasanagara, succeeds
Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi, known in her regnal name Tribhuwannottunggadewi Jayawishnuwardhani, also known as Dyah Gitarja, was a Javanese queen regnant A queen regnant (plural: queens regnant) is a female monarch A monarch is a head of sta ...
as ruler of Majapahit; his reign is considered the empire's 'Golden Age'. Under its military commander
Gajah Mada Gajah Mada (ꦒꦗꦃꦩꦢ) (c. 1290 – c. 1364) was, according to Old Javanese Kawi or Old Javanese is the oldest attested phase of the Javanese language. It was spoken in the eastern part of what is now Central Java and the whole of ...
, Majapahit stretches over much of modern-day Indonesia. *
1356 Year 1356 (Roman numerals, MCCCLVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 20 – Edward Balliol surrenders his title as King of Scotlan ...
: The Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire), Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire headed by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Emperor Charles IV issues the Golden Bull of 1356, establishing various constitutional aspects of the Empire, the most significant being the Prince-elector, electoral college to elect future emperors. *
1356 Year 1356 (Roman numerals, MCCCLVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 20 – Edward Balliol surrenders his title as King of Scotlan ...
: The Diet of the Hansa is held in Lübeck, formalising what up until then had only been a loose alliance of trading cities in northern Europe and officially founding the Hanseatic League. * 1357: Scotland retains its independence with the signing of the Treaty of Berwick (1357), Treaty of Berwick, thus ending the Wars of Scottish Independence. * 1357: In the Battle of Bubat, the Sunda Kingdom, Sundanese royal family is massacred by the Majapahit army by the order of
Gajah Mada Gajah Mada (ꦒꦗꦃꦩꦢ) (c. 1290 – c. 1364) was, according to Old Javanese Kawi or Old Javanese is the oldest attested phase of the Javanese language. It was spoken in the eastern part of what is now Central Java and the whole of ...
; the death toll includes Sundanese king Lingga Buana and princess Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi, who committed suicide.


1360s

* 1363: The Battle of Lake Poyang, a naval conflict between China, Chinese rebel groups led by Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang, takes place from August to October, constituting one of the Largest naval battle in history, largest naval battles in history. * 1365: The Old Javanese text ''Nagarakertagama'' is written. * 1366: Tepanec Tlatoani Acolnahuácatl accepts Acamapichtli as the first tlatoani of
Tenochtitlan Tenochtitlan ( nah, Tenōchtitlan ; es, Tenochtitlán), also known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan ( nah, Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan ; es, México-Tenochtitlán), was a large Mexica ''altepetl'' in what is now the historic center of Mexico City. The exact ...

Tenochtitlan
for the
Mexica The Mexica (Nahuatl Nahuatl (; ),The Classical Nahuatl word (noun stem ''nāhua'', + absolutive ''-tl'' ) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the ...

Mexica
Empire. * 1368: The end of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty in
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty.


1370s

* 1371: The Battle of Maritsa, the Serbs are defeated by the Ottoman Empire, Ottomans, with most of Serb nobility being killed. * 1377: Majapahit sends a punitive expedition against Palembang in Sumatra. Palembang's prince, Parameswara (sultan), Parameswara (later Iskandar Syah) flees, eventually finding his way to Malacca and establishing it as a major international port. * 1378: The Western Schism, Great Schism of the West begins, eventually leading to three simultaneous popes. *1378: Battle of the Vozha River between Russians and Mongols. * 1378–1382: Ciompi Revolt occurs in Florence.


1380s

*1380: Russian principalities defeat the
Golden Horde The Golden Horde, self-designated as Ulug Ulus, 'Great State' in Turkic, was originally a Mongol The Mongols ( mn, Монголчууд, , ''Mongolchuud'', ; russian: Монголы, ) are an ethnic group to the , and the of Russia. ...
at the Battle of Kulikovo. * 1381: John Wycliffe is dismissed from the University of Oxford for criticism of the Roman Catholic Church, thus the Lollardy movement rises in England. * 1381: Peasants' Revolt in England. *1382: Khan Tokhtamysh captures Moscow. *1382: Barquq ٌrise to power to start the Burji dynasty, the Circassian Mamuluk Dynasty in Egypt. * 1385: Battle of Aljubarrota between Portugal and Crown of Castile, Castile. Portugal maintains independence. * 1385: Union of Krewo between Poland and Lithuania. * 1389: Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottoman Turks; Prince Lazar, Sultan Murad I and Miloš Obilić are killed. * 1389: Wikramawardhana succeeds Sri Rajasanagara as ruler of Majapahit.


1390s

* 1391: Anti-Jewish pogroms spreads throughout Spain and Portugal, and many thousands of Jews are massacred. * 1392: Taejo of Joseon establishes the Joseon Dynasty. * 1396: The Battle of Nicopolis, in which the Ottomans defeat a large crusader army composed of knights and men-at-arms by the kingdoms of Hungary, France, the Holy Roman Empire, England and Wallachia. * 1396: The Second Bulgarian Empire ends, with the capture of the last stronghold fortress of Vidin and its king Ivan Sratsimir by the Ottomans. * 1397: The Kalmar Union is established, uniting Norway, Sweden and Denmark into one kingdom.


Significant people


Artists

* Giotto di Bondone, Italian painter (c. 1267–
1337 Year 1337 ( MCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on WednesdayA common year starting on Wednesday is any non- leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday Wednesday is the day of the week between Tuesday and Thursday. According ...
) * John Kukuzelis, Byzantine composer, singer and reformer of Orthodox Church music (c. 1280–1360) * Simone Martini, Italian painter (1284 – c. 1344) * Stephen of Perm, Russian icon painter (1340–1396) * Philippe de Vitry, French composer, music theorist and poet (1291–1361)


Architects

*Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian architect and engineer * Henry Yevele, prominent English architect responsible for the building of many important structures in London (1320-1400)


Explorer

*
Ibn Battuta Ibn Battuta (; 24 February 13041368/1369); fully: ; Arabic: was a Berber Berber or Berbers may refer to: Culture * Berbers Berbers or ''Imazighen'' ( ber, translit=Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ; singular: , ) are an e ...
, Berber Muslim traveler (1304–1368/ 1377)


Military

* Jiao Yu, Chinese general and author of the ''Huolongjing'' military treatise * Liu Bowen, Chinese general, court advisor, philosopher, and co-editor of the ''Huolongjing'' (1311–1375)


Literary figures

* Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and writer (1265–1321) * Francesco Petrarca (
Petrarch Francesco Petrarca (; 20 July 1304 – 18/19 July 1374), commonly anglicized Linguistic anglicisation (or anglicization, occasionally anglification, anglifying, or Englishing) is the practice of modifying foreign words, names, and phrases ...

Petrarch
), Italian poet and writer (1304–1374) * Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian poet and writer (1313–1375) * Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet and writer (1343 - 1400) * Guillaume de Machaut, French composer and poet (c. 1300– 1377) *Hafiz Shirazi, Hafiz, Persian poet (c. 1310–1379) *William Langland (ca. 1332 – ca. 1386) is the conjectured author of the England, English dream-vision ''Piers Plowman'' * Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena, Spanish author (1282–1349) * Christine de Pizan, French writer (1364–1430) * Shi Nai'an (1296—1372), Chinese writer; author of ''Water Margin'' * Luo Guanzhong (1330–1400), Chinese writer; author of ''Romance of the Three Kingdoms'' * Johannes Gutenberg (1398–1468), German printer and inventor; author of ''Gutenberg Bible''


Scientists and Philosophers

*
Ibn Khaldun Ibn Khaldun (; ar, أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي, ; 27 May 1332 – 17 March 1406) was an Arabs, Arab The Historical Muhammad', Irving M. Zeitlin, (Polity Press, 2007), p. 21; "It is, of course ...
, historian and historiographer *Narayana Pandita (mathematician), Narayana Pandita, Indian Mathematician *Mahendra Sūri, Indian Astronomer * William of Ockham, English Franciscan friar and philosopher (c. 1285–
1347 Year 1347 ( MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, in the ...
)


Theologians

* Ibn Taymiyyah, Islamic scholar, theologian and logician (1263–
1328 Year 1328 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events * January 24 – Philippa of Hainault marries King Edward III of England a year after his coron ...
) * John Wycliffe, Biblical translator, theologian, philosopher (
1320 Year 1320 (Roman numerals, MCCCXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 20 – Duke Władysław I the Elbow-high, Wladyslaw Lokietek ...
-1384)


Monarchs

;Africa * Mansa Musa (d.
1337 Year 1337 ( MCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on WednesdayA common year starting on Wednesday is any non- leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday Wednesday is the day of the week between Tuesday and Thursday. According ...
), King of the
Mali Empire The Mali Empire ( Manding: ''Mandé''Ki-Zerbo, Joseph: ''UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. IV, Abridged Edition: Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century'', p. 57. University of California Press, 1997. or Manden; ar, مالي, Mā ...
. During his reign Mali was the source of almost half the world's gold. * Amda Seyon I (1314–1344), Emperor of Ethiopia. Consolidated the power of his domain beyond the Ethiopian highlands, initiating a long era of Christian proselytization and integration of peripheral areas. ;Asia * Alauddin Khalji, Afghanized Turkic peoples, Turk emperor, ruling from Delhi over South Asia, crushing Mongol invasions and Rajput rebellions * Chen Youliang, Chinese rebel leader, emperor of Chen Han and nemesis to Zhu Yuanzhang (the Hongwu Emperor) * Timur (
1336 Year 1336 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events * February 25 ** Rather than be taken captive by the Teutonic Knights, 4,000 defenders of Pilėnai, ...
–1405), Central Asian warlord and founder of the Timurid Dynasty. * Hongwu Emperor (
1328 Year 1328 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events * January 24 – Philippa of Hainault marries King Edward III of England a year after his coron ...
–1398), founder of the Ming dynasty in China. * Muhammad bin Tughluq, Emperor of India ;
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
and Near East * Osman I (1258–1326, ''Osman Gazi'' or ''Osman Bey'' or ''Osman I'' or ''Osman Sayed II'') leader of the Ottoman Dynasty, Ottoman Turks, founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
. * Robert I of Scotland, Robert the Bruce (1274–1329) King of Scotland, victor in the First War of Scottish Independence against invasion by the
Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or ...

Kingdom of England
. * Edward II of England, Edward II (1284–
1327 Year 1327 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 25 – The 14-year-old Edward III of England, Edward II ...
) of Caernarfon, was Kingdom of England, King of England from 1307 until he was deposition (politics), deposed in January 1327. * Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March (1287–
1330 Year 1330 ( MCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
) an English nobleman, was for three years ''de facto'' ruler of England, after leading a successful rebellion against Edward II of England, Edward II. * Charles I of Hungary (1288–1342), military, diplomatic and financial reformer, restoring the Kingdom of Hungary to power. * Ivan I of Moscow (1288–1340), called ''The Moneybag'', was List of Russian rulers#Grand Princes of Moscow, Prince of Moscow, who made his principality most powerful state in Russia. * Henry IV of England, King from 1399 until his death in 1413 * Isabella of France (c. 1295–1358), queen consort and regent of the
Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or ...

Kingdom of England
. * Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia (1308–1355), Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks. * Casimir III of Poland (1312– 1377), expansionist and financial reformer. * Joan of the Tower (1321–1362) a.k.a. Joan of England, was the first wife and Queen consort of David II of Scotland. She was born at the Tower of London and was the youngest daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France. * David II of Scotland (1324–1371) King of Scots, son of King Robert I of Scotland, Robert the Bruce by his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh (d. 1327), was born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. * Edward III of England, Edward III (
1327 Year 1327 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 25 – The 14-year-old Edward III of England, Edward II ...
1377) List of the monarchs of the Kingdom of England, King of England. His claim to the throne of France resulted in the
Hundred Years' War The Hundred Years’ War (french: link=yes, La guerre de Cent Ans; 1337–1453) was a series of armed conflicts between the kingdoms of and during the . It originated from disputed claims to the between the English and the French roy ...
. * Edward, the Black Prince (
1330 Year 1330 ( MCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
–1376) or Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, Order of the Garter, KG, was the eldest son of King
Edward III of England Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377), also known as Edward of Windsor before his accession, was King of England This list of kings and queens of the begins with , who initially ruled , one of the which later made up modern En ...

Edward III of England
and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England. *
Philip VI of France Philip VI (french: Philippe; 17 November 1293 – 22 August 1350), called the Fortunate (french: le Fortuné, link=no) and of Valois, was the first King of France The monarchs of the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaum ...

Philip VI of France
(1293-
1350 Year 1350 ( MCCCL) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
), called ''the Fortunate'', was List of French monarchs, King of France from 1328 to his death and was the first king of France from the House of Valois. * John II of France (1319-1364), called ''the Good'', was List of French monarchs, King of France from 1350 to his death and a member of the House of Valois. * Charles V of France, Charles V (1338–1380), called ''the Wise'', was List of French monarchs, King of France from 1364 to his death and a member of the House of Valois. * Charles VI of France (1368-1422), called ''the Mad'', had a reign troubled by his controlling uncles during his minority and Charles' bouts of insanity, was List of French monarchs, King of France from 1380 to his death and a member of the House of Valois. * Louis I of Hungary, Louis the Great of Hungary (1342–1382), was King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, Jerusalem, Sicily and Poland from 1370. He led campaigns From Lithuania to Southern Italy, From Poland to Northern Greece. He had the greatest military potential of the century with his enormous armies (often over 100,000 men.) * Charles IV of Bohemia, Charles IV (
1346 Year 1346 ( MCCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional d ...
–1378), King of Bohemia. One of the most powerful men in Europe. *Dmitry I of Moscow (
1350 Year 1350 ( MCCCL) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
-1389), Grand Duke of Moscow. His nickname, "Donskoy" (i.e., "of the Don"), alludes to his great victory against the Tatars in the Battle of Kulikovo (1380) which took place on the Don River (Russia), Don River. * Margaret I of Denmark, Danish regent and from 1389 regent of the united monarchies of Denmark, Norway and Sweden * Richard II of England, Richard II (1367–1400), was the King of England from 1377 until he was deposition (politics), deposed in 1399. * Tvrtko I of Bosnia, Tvrtko I (1338–1391), was the ban of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia from 1353– 1377 and later the king of Bosnia, from 1377–1391.


Inventions, discoveries, introductions

*Timeline of historic inventions#14th century, List of 14th century inventions * Music of the Ars nova * The technique of knitting * Foundation of the University of Cracow * Chinese text the ''Huolongjing'' by Jiao Yu describes fire lances, fire arrows (rockets), Multiple rocket launcher, rocket launchers, land mines, naval mines, bombard (weapon), bombards, cannons, and hollow cast iron Round shot, cannonballs filled with gunpowder, and their use to set ablaze enemy camps. * First pound lock in Europe reportedly built in Vreeswijk, Netherlands in 1373Pound lock
/ref>


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:14th century 14th century, 2nd millennium Centuries